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Present water demand in urban areas of Manipur is 118.689 MLD

by Rinku Khumukcham
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The present water demand in the Urban Areas of the state is calculated to be 118.689 MLD (2016) and by the year 2031 AD, the requirement will be 152.142 MLD. The Public Health Engineering Department says that the actual current production is hardly about 80.00 MLD.
The  estimated population of Imphal City includes Imphal Municipal Corporation area (IMC), Greater Imphal, en-route habitations and floating population is estimated as 6.523 lakhs (2016) and is expected to reach 8.705 lakhs by 2031 AD.
The distribution networks  which  were laid for a limited area of the City (50%) are quite old (i.e, more than 40 years), corroded, undersized and cannot meet the present demand. In view of all these problems and the urgent need of improving the system and in order to sustain the water supply infrastructure for another 30 years designed period, PHED  has prepared a DPR (Detailed Project Report) – “Integrated Water Supply Project for Imphal Planning area”, with an estimated cost of Rs.1830.3613 crore (Rupees one thousand eight hundred thirty crore thirty-six lakh and thirteen thousand). Phase-I of the project amounting to Rs. 98.54 crore under the  then transition phase of JNNURM has been sanctioned during February 2014 and works are in progress. Phase-I includes only for the renovation of WTP at Koirengei, Khumanlampak, Singda, Kangchup, Kangchup extension, Chinga, Porompat, Minuthong and Canchipur, and also includes construction of 6 nos of intake, 9 nos of WTP, 5nos of clear water reservoir, 3nos of service/master reservoir, 3 nos of pumping station, 1 no of overhead tank and 1 no of emergency reservoir.Phase-II of the project amounting to Rs. 200 crore is proposed to be funded under Atal Mission for Rejuvenation and Urban Transformation (AMRUT), Phase-III amounting to Rs. 1531.82 crore is proposed to be funded under JICA ( Japan International Cooperation Agency) loan.
During the year 2002-16, the following achievements are made under Imphal water supply: 216.04 km of D.I pipes of various sizes of 500mm dia, 350mm dia, 300mm dia, 250mm dia, 200mm dia, 150mm dia and 100mm dia has been laid; 7 nos. of WTP of 44.93 MLD (Irilbung 6.81 MLD, Old Thumbuthong 2.00 MLD, Canchipur-II 6.81 MLD, Potsangbam-II 6.81 MLD, Moirangkhom 1.00 MLD, Waithoupat 18.00 MLD and Singjamei Ward No-17 2.50 MLD) has been constructed and commissioned; 5 nos. o f reservoir of 2.5 ML capacity (Total) are constructed at Keishampat, Babupara, Rahamania, Khongman and Koirengei and 5 nos. of overhead tank of 0.45 ML capacity each are Constructed at Assembly, Keishampat, Babupara, NepraMenjor and ThiyamLeikai.
Sewerage project for Imphal city (Phase-I ) is taken up under EAP with French assistance. This covers the area of Imphal Municipal ward no 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 14, 15, 24, 25 and 26. At present, construction of Sewerage treatment plant and five pumping station are completed. Primary Sewer network of length 22.231 km has been laid completely and out of 44.138 km secondary sewer network, length of 29.138 km has been laid. Thus the overall physical progress up to date is 92%.
The cost of the project is Rs. 323.78 crore (EAP: Rs. 41.54 crore: State plan: Rs. 282.24 crore) and the expenditure upto February 2016 is Rs. 260.11 crore under State plan and Rs. 41.54 crore under EAP.

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