Never set fire to straw for clean environment

Never set fire to straw for clean environment

Written By: / Articles / Monday, 15 November 2021 17:20

The purity of the environment is extremely important for every living thing, including human beings.  Along with the endless advantages of technological advancement, there are also many disadvantages.  For example, with the advent of modern means of transportation, the distance has shrunk, but the rapid pollution of the environment cannot be ignored.
One such problem is the pollution of the environment by burning straw.  Punjab produces about 220 lakh tonnes of straw, most of which is burned in the fields.  Nowadays we usually hear that burning straw is forbidden.  The farmer needs to be environmentally conscious, instead of burning straw, he should be inclined towards alternative arrangements.
There was a time when in spite of the scarcity of food in the country, hardworking farmers produced huge quantities of food grains from the earth’s crust and filled up the country’s food stocks up to TC which is remembered in the name of Green Revolution.  If we look at the environment of the state at that time and the health of the people, we are reminded of the clean environment and looking through the windows of healthy eyes.  The secret was the rich, mixed diet of the people.  Missy bread of paddy, millet, maize etc. was baked in almost every house.  Wheat bread would be baked on the arrival of a special guest.  Sugarcane was grown at home and sugarcane flour, molasses, and ghee were an integral part of the diet.
If we compare these blessings of that time with the present time, then all the blessings are gone due to the loss of some aspect of crop diversification.  Mankind has endured many symptoms in the cycle of modern agriculture.  Rotten Missy bread has been replaced by wheat bread.  Instead of all the small kharif crops, paddy alone is the dominant crop.
Wheat and paddy have become the major crop cycle of the states.  The fixing of MSP of these crops is also one of the major reasons for the popularity of these crops.  After the harvest of paddy, its straw is usually burnt by fire but the toxic fumes emitted by it are extremely dangerous to the environment and standard of living.
A report clarifies the fact that if a fort’s straw weighing 2.5 to 3 tons is set on fire, its decomposition consumes about 32 kg of urea, 5.5 kg of DAP and 51 kg of potash.  Goes.  At the same time our friendly insects are also sacrificed which makes our agriculture less fertile and more susceptible to the attack of diseases or harmful insects.  The next worst effect of fire is on the organic health of the soil as burning of straw also burns the organic manure on our soil to ashes.  The next symptom that human beings suffer from straw decomposition is harmful toxic gases like carbon monoxide which reduces our body’s ability to take in oxygen and thus many human beings suffer from respiratory diseases.
This gas also causes eye irritation.  In addition, the harmful fumes produced by burning straw can have a detrimental effect on the lungs, skin, blood and respiratory system.  Today, if we compare the current health with the older generation, it is clear that the people of today’s state have also lost in terms of health.  Our Xerxes land area is plagued with a number of unwanted diseases.
The average lifespan, which was once normal at 100 years, is now in jeopardy after 60 years.  All of this is the result of manipulation of the environment.  According to the results of a survey, the amount of fine particles that we breathe in on a normal day is 60 mg per cubic meter.  This straw increases to 425 mg per cubic meter on burning days.  The most worrying thing is the difference in the winter season which can be felt normally in the last 2-3 years.
The land of the states is such that it enjoys the seasonal job but the difference in the winter season in recent years, the reduction of winter where there is a big environmental problem, can also be a threat to the wheat production of the state.  Then again, in the smoke, how often do we hear bad news about the loss of life and property in traffic.
Therefore, realizing our duty towards the environment, instead of burning straw, we should adopt suitable alternatives.  The State Agricultural University is committed to support the farmer.  Use of techniques suggested by the university like Cedar is beneficial.  With this machine, wheat can be sown directly in the paddy stubble cut by the combine harvester.  This saves water and reduces daylight.  In addition we can bury the straw in the pit on one side of the field where water is easily available and we can make a good compost with the help of cow dung and water spray.
Using cedar we can sow wheat without burning straw.  We can also reap the benefits of using straw in biogas plants.  Considering the economic condition of the farmers of the state, both the farmers and the government can work together to resolve this issue.
The bio-gas plants suggested by the Agriculture University can be set up at the village level by the Panchayats with the help of the government and all the village straw should be collected in the village Shamlat and used in this bio-gas plant and the whole village gets fuel from it.  Can do  In this way our environment will be protected from pollution and at the same time people will get gas.
Apart from this the Panchayat can send the progressive farmers in the village for training in mushroom cultivation from Pum Agricultural University and after receiving the training these veterans can cultivate mushrooms in a common place using straw from which the Panchayat can earn profit and  The working people of the village will also be provided employment opportunities.  Machinery like Happy Cider should be provided in the village co-operative societies so that every ordinary farmer can rent and use this machinery.  Come together, pollute the paradise earth of Punjab Prevent it from happening

About the Author

Vijay Garg

Vijay Garg

Vijay Garg is a regular contributor of Imphal Times, mostly related with Education. Vijay is a resident of Street Kour Chand MHR Malout-152107 Distt Sri Muktsar sahib Punjab. Vijay Garg, Ex.PES-1 is a retired Principal from Government Girls Sen Sec school Mandi Harji Ram Malout -152106 Punjab. He is also the author of Quantitative Aptitude, NTSE , NMMS, Mathematics of XII, ICSE numerical physics and chemistry many more books.

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