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Confluence of Subjects in Higher Education

by Vijay Garg
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The integrated model brings together knowledge of multiple disciplines and different methods of research in a single curriculum. Graduates of STEM courses should be educated about social health protection and have increased awareness of various cultural, socio-environmental and economic contexts for the potential for creative solutions. Only an integrated approach in higher education can make possible intellectual engagement, policy-based solutions and dynamism.
Academic structure around the world Driven by market values, privatization of higher education and utilitarianism. Graduates from this academic environment are expected to become part of the working population in a short span of time. There is a general perception that there are fewer business opportunities for arts and social science graduates than for STEM (science, technology, engineering and math) or commerce.
The Covid pandemic has further strengthened this perception. As a result the resources of the arts and humanities faculties have been drastically cut. on a global scale Many programs and courses related to arts and humanities have also been closed. What should happen is that there should be a balance between technology and the arts and the humanities. It is worth noting in this context that the National Academy of Engineering in the US has identified major global challenges in a report, ‘Grand Challenges for Engineering’.
The American Society of Mechanical Engineers Strategy Vision 2030 and the National Academy of Sciences also recommend that solutions to societal challenges look beyond technical knowledge should go. Several other studies in different contexts have also reached the same conclusion. The pandemic has taught us that the solution to the world’s gravest problems lies in the continued cooperation of all disciplines. We not only need subjects related to arts, sociology and humanities, but their inclusion in engineering and STEM degree courses is equally essential.
The engineering curriculum in higher education has focused so much on technical education that subjects with human values such as arts and sociology There is an indifference towards him. Usually engineering students study some subjects from the list of approved courses in arts and humanities only to meet the requirements of education, which have no relation with each other. In countries like the US, 15-20 percent of the curriculum for a bachelor’s degree in engineering is related to the arts and humanities.
At the same time, about 10 percent of the courses for bachelor’s degree in Indian Institute of Technology ie IIT are related to arts and humanities. National technology in institutes it is less than three percent, whereas in many engineering colleges in different states, arts and humanities courses are not available at all. There can be some exceptions. Huge progress has been made in the technical field in the last few decades.
In this dynamic, evolving environment, there is a special need for the graduates to be able to communicate their ideas clearly, to solve unexpected problems or to work well in a group to enable them to be present and future. from such an education in which tomorrow Thoughtfully integrated into the engineering curriculum, education and humanities courses enhance the capacity for critical review, the ability to interact, the ability to work together, and the potential for lifelong learning. Hence, we need education beyond technical training to graduates to meet the challenges of the future, which integrates various disciplines like arts, humanities, sciences, social sciences, engineering and mathematics. This integrated model of education provides a wide range of knowledge and research across multiple disciplines in a single curriculum.
Brings together ways where students can understand the interrelationship between these disciplines and enrich their learning by successful use and experimentation. Ability to recognize ethical and professional responsibilities and make informed decisions in challenging situations. Also be able to provide appropriate engineering solutions considering their impact in global economic, environmental and social contexts. Some research indicates that the integration of the arts, humanities, and engineering into higher education has a positive impact.
A results have been found. It develops a number of skills such as critical thinking process, ethical decision making, problem-solving and mutual cooperation, which increase employability. This integrated approach also enhances the participation of women and marginalized sections as a social-reform tool. Graduates of STEM courses must be educated about social health, safety and have increased awareness of various cultural, social, environmental and economic contexts to have the potential for creative solutions. High only an integrated approach to education can make possible intellectual engagement, policy-based solutions and dynamism. The integrated curriculum calls for a fresh-minded global initiative, in which institutions and academia will have to come forward.


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