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Career options and job opportunity in Environmental Scientist

by Vijay Garg
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Environmental Scientist is an expert who studies the physical environment of objects. His work includes studying interactions among physical, chemical, and biological components of the environment. Environmental scientist focuses on pollution and degradation of the environment related to human activities and their adverse impact on biodiversity and sustainability of nature.
Environmental Scientists job description involves ascertaining the reasons behind environmental degradation. They try to find the corrective measures to rectify the imbalances caused to the environment by human activities. To an extent, the Environmental Scientists are also involved in conservation programmes. They examine observations and measurements of air, water, soil, food, and other aspects to determine the best possible way of improving and preserving the environment. They collaborate with other human science professionals for making policies and ways to modify human behaviour to avoid harmful effects on the environment.
In the present day’s increasingly environmentally conscious society, environmental scientists are in high demand. Thus there is a great scope in this field as an interesting career.  Although it demands a lot of hard work and effort at the same time offers enormous scope for the building of one’s career.
Environmental Scientist Eligibility
Educational Qualification
Candidates should have passed 12th or equivalent examination, with physics, chemistry and biology with a minimum of 50% marks.
Environmental Scientist Required Skills
Environmental Scientists should have good interpretation skills, be confident in accepting challenges and an aptitude to understand the natural phenomenon.
They have research and problem-solving skills; competence in developing arguments from scientific, ethical and philosophical perspectives.
They also have the ability to plan and manage projects; ability to gather, analyse and communicate complex technical data to others.
They have the flexibility to work in all kinds of environments, developed through fieldwork experience; a broad understanding of local, national and global environmental issues.
How to become an Environmental Scientist? 
To become an Environmental Scientist the aspiring candidates have to follow the below give steps:
Step 1
After clearing 12 class in the related subject the aspiring candidates can join B.Sc. or B.E. in Environmental Science. However, a candidate can also do their graduation with subjects like chemistry, geology, physics, or related area.
Interested candidate may have to take an entrance exam to get admission to these courses of reputed Universities and independent institutions.
Step 2
After getting Bachelors degree in candidates can go for M.Sc. in Environmental Sciences. The major topics covered in the course include ecology environmental planning, pollution biology, environmental laws, etc.
Step 3
Candidates interested in Teaching or Research can join PhD and Post-Doctoral Research in Environment Science.
Environmental Scientist Job Description
They determine the data collection methods for research projects, investigations and surveys.
They collect and compile the environmental data for scientific analysis from the samples of air, soil, water, food, and other materials.
They also analyze samples, surveys and other information to identify and assess threats to the environment.
They develop plans to prevent, control or fix environmental problems such as land or water pollution.
They may provide information and guidance to government officials, businesses and the general public on possible environmental hazards and health risks.
They have to prepare technical reports and presentations that explain their research and findings.
Environmental Scientist Career Prospects
In the present scenario, there is a great demand of Environmental Scientists in so many fields related to the environment and it is bound to increase in the near future. Environmental Scientists can build their career in a wide variety of fields like nature conservation, pollution control, regional development and environmental education to name a few of them. One may be employed by the Department of Environmental Affairs, the provincial departments of Nature Conservation and the National Parks Board. Private organisations, with a special interest in nature conservation, may also employ Environmental Scientist.
Environmental Scientist Salary
Environmental Scientist Salary depends upon their academic qualification, institute or university from which they have attained their qualification and the level of work experience they have achieved. To start with the fresh Post Graduates from the prestigious institutes can get anything between Rs.35,000 to Rs.40,000 as their monthly salary.

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