Career Guidance for People With Disabilities

Written By: / Career Guidance and Education / Tuesday, 01 November 2022 17:43

People with disabilities have always been looked upon with a sense of disdain and historically speaking, they have been denied cognizance and recognition since time immemorial as socially and culturally persecuted minority because of the various prohibitions to even the simplest of activities, way of life which is typical to others. If we look closely, disabled people have always had insubstantial and restricted access to each and every quintessential social provision than that compared to others only because of all the prevailing socio-cultural prejudices surrounding them. Besides, these people are more likely to be disadvantaged and deprived of the various spheres of society only because of their dysfunctionalities. The undermentioned are some of the best career guidance for People with disabilities.
One of the most important things is to know the various rights and understand them properly. Disabilities can be of many types: physical, behavioural, developmental, intellectual, limitations, activity, sensory, emotional or some a combination of some of these. Disability is henceforth not just any kind of health problem. It is a very complicated phenomenon that reflects the relationship between various attributes of a person’s body along with the attributes related to the surroundings and the society where he belongs.  However dysfunctional people require the similar health necessities as that of those who are non- disabled but they have to face a restricted margin related to health and other benefits because of both social exclusions and factors like poverty. So it is important that one must know their rights before facing any kind of sociocultural oppression from society.
Declaration Over The Rights Of The Disabled People:
Declaration Over
It states that the disabled person shall enjoy all rights contained in this declaration without distinction or discrimination: the right to have respect and live with dignity irrespective of their origin, nature, and seriousness of their handicaps and disabilities, same civil and political rights, rights in their social and rights in security, rights in living with families or with foster parents and rights in participating in all social creative or recreational activities and they shall be protected against every kind of sociocultural exploitation and Constitutional Rights of Disabled People: Rights against their discrimination: Under article 15 it deals with the prohibition of discrimination on various grounds.
Socio-economic and cultural rights: The article 25 of the CRDP ensures the “right of a person possessive disabilities to education With a view in realizing certain rights without discrimination and based on the same opportunity, state parties should be ensuring inclusive education system at each and every level.  The other rights and articles include The right to work, the Right to liberty and freedom of expression. Disability certificates can be issued from any state medical board which is established under the state governments by anyone possessing more than 40% disability. Disability pension: people who are suffering from more than 80% disability and are living below the poverty line and are above 18 years of age are entitled to the Indira Gandhi National Disability Also in government jobs and various other examinations, 3% of the seats are reserved for the disabled. Person with Disabilities Act 1995: the main provisions of the act include prevention and early detection of disabilities, education, employment, non-discrimination, social security, research, and  Thus, several rights, schemes, benefits, and ideologies have truly come up as a source of relief and have affluently helped many in providing equal opportunities to the most neglected sphere of our society.
Career Exploration
The primary step for choosing the right path as a career is to explore what the person wants, to look into various strengths and weaknesses, to think about the diverse skills and experiences that they have while applying for a new range of career opportunities and focusing how to highlight the same in a CV or resume during the interview process. People having disabilities too have aspirations and dreams of their own so counsellors or supervisors should discuss and interact with the person including evaluation and analysis of their interests, strengths, weaknesses, career goals, skills, talents, etc. If his/her career seems unattainable, the mentor should never demotivate him/her but should give constructive feedback and try to conclude to a mutual agreement over a certain relevant target nad the respective way and path that need to be followed to achieve the same. But despite the obstacles, the mentor should never assume his/her disability to be a hindrance. The respective mentors should also make sure that they get the same chances and opportunities as the others for participating in various development sessions or opportunities related to further career lattices.
Team Building
Opportunities in this field provide the people with multiple chances for solving problems and the development of concrete work-based relationships with co-workers. Simultaneously it should also be made sure that they are being provided proper leadership perks and have been allocated to special and interesting varieties of projects, sessions, assignments, etc. the most important thing is to make him/her feel normal and not make important decisions related to a career based on narrowed concepts or other stereotypes related to his/her dysfunctionality or disability.
Planning
Many people having disabilities have decisions made for them and do not have an opportunity to become experienced in the decision-making process. Many do not get the opportunity to test their own competencies. Many do not receive information that will aid in a realistic perception of what opportunities might be available to them. Thus it is important together information which includes information about the client’s specific situation including how he or she views himself or herself, his or her abilities, barriers, worldview, and decision-making style. Understanding and making hypotheses about the client’s behavior. How does the information the client has presented relate to the client’s career development process?  Identifying the specific disability variables that will affect outcomes for the client. Developing a career goal and plan of action. Decide on an appropriate intervention that will best include the client in the decision-making process, as well as, best assist the client in his or her goals. Clients should be involved in the planning process and given relevant information that will aid them in making their own decisions.
Networking
The most important thing amongst all is that they should never feel left out, that is they should be included in every formal or informal work domain, work meets, etc. they should actively participate in each and every type of social, cultural or leisurely activities just like others. In such a way more interpersonal or work-related relationships are significantly developed and henceforth everyone should be given an opportunity to actively participate in this. Moreover, the employers and the organizers should organize in such a way that the facilities are easily accessible for them.
Mentoring
Employees possessing disabilities should be encouraged immensely to find mentors or career counsellor irrespective of them being the same and when they become experienced they can be motivated and encouraged for mentoring others who may or may not be dysfunctional. However, counsellors are beneficial to everyone. They widen every perspective related to skills-transferability and interests as well as directions with respect to future career plannings for considering motivation and influences for taking calculated risks, advice related to human-relationships, providing unbiased feedbacks related to the problematic areas, coaching on various aspects like interpersonal, technical and management skills, also providing encouragements, networking of contacts, introductions, and references.
Appraisals And Constant Encouragements
This varies from company to company. They should be constantly appreciated and event their smallest of achievements should be praised. Even if some task seems unachievable because of a certain disability, they should be constantly encouraged and motivated to do so. This is how the unachievable can be achieved and we can get past all the barriers.
Self-Development Sessions
A person with a disability should also take it as his/her own duty towards career development. The process of seeking out for endless knowledge, new educations training and gaining information should never stop whatsoever. They should also start volunteering for new assignments and projects.
Training And Employer Practices
Various training opportunities should be provided to people having disabilities along with management and leadership training to boost up the self-confidence. Classes must be held in favor of these and course materials should be provided to the same and interpreters must also be made available where-ever necessary and other required accommodations must also be made. Thus by this mentoring process, people having disabilities are highly benefitted since they have throughout faced various kinds of barriers in sectors like employment as well.

About the Author

Vijay Garg

Vijay Garg

Vijay Garg is a regular contributor of Imphal Times, mostly related with Education. Vijay is a resident of Street Kour Chand MHR Malout-152107 Distt Sri Muktsar sahib Punjab. Vijay Garg, Ex.PES-1 is a retired Principal from Government Girls Sen Sec school Mandi Harji Ram Malout -152106 Punjab. He is also the author of Quantitative Aptitude, NTSE , NMMS, Mathematics of XII, ICSE numerical physics and chemistry many more books.

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