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Sunday, 01 December 2019 - Imphal Times

CM meets MANPAC: Union Home Ministry likely to arrange meeting

IT News

Imphal, Dec 1

A day after Union Home Minister Amit Shah held consultative meeting with the stakeholders of North East states skipping Manipur, Chief Minister N. Biren Singh today invited representatives of the Manipur Peoples’ Against CAB (MANPAC) today evening.

The meeting began at around 4 pm today at the office chamber of the Chief Minister. Source from the CMO said that Convenor of MANPAC S. Dilip, Co-convenor L. Jadumani , President of NEFIP, Ningthouja Lancha among others attended the meeting with the Chief Minister in connection with the introduction of the CAB.

Earlier yesterday, President of NESO Sinam Prakash while talking to media persons said that the Home Minister did not invite the stakeholders NGOs from Manipur as he had already discussed about the issue on November 25. On the other hand Chief Minister of Manipur while briefing the media had stated that the Union Home Minister is also thinking of inserting a clause to the new CAB that will be introduced in the parliament.

  1. Biren Singh said that after the meeting with the 18 members of COCOMI representatives on November 25 at New Delhi office, the Union Home Minister had asked him about the position of Manipur when the CAB is introduced. Chief Minister N Biren Singh reportedly replied that he urged the Home Minister to insert a clause or arrange some mechanism to make sure that the state remain protected from the CAB.

MANPAC on the other hand had stated that the Union Home Ministry is playing divide and ruled policy to the people of the North East people in this issue of CAB. They had stated that there will be no turning back to the agitation against CAB.

Meanwhile a source with the Imphal Times said that the Union Home Ministry may invite separately the representative of the NEFIP and the MANPAC may be invited as the Union Home Minister is preparing a strategy of no uprising from any sections particularly from the North East states when the CAB is introduced and passed in the Lok Sabha.

The source added that the MHA is contacting the State Home department on whom to be invited for the consultative meeting with the Union Home Minister in connection with CAB.     

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Nana Patole elected as new Speaker of the Maharashtra Assembly

By Raju Vernekar
Mumbai, Dec 1

The Congress MLA Nana Patole, the nominee of the Shiv Sena-NCP-Congress alliance, was elected unopposed as Speaker of the Maharashtra Legislative Assembly, since BJP nominee, Kisan Kathore withdrew his nomination minutes before the 10 AM deadline on Sunday.
Protem Speaker Dilip Walse Patil requested the opposition led by BJP, for consensus to elect the Speaker unanimously as per the tradition of the Maharashtra legislature and the BJP agreed to it.
The election of the speaker was to be held on Sunday, after the ruling Sena-Congress-NCP alliance cleared a floor test conducted by pro-tem Speaker Dilip Walse Patil of the NCP on Saturday.
Patole, 56, a four-time MLA, representing the Sakoli Assembly segment in Vidarbha region, was earlier with the Congress, but quit and contested the 2014 Lok Sabha polls on a BJP ticket. He defeated NCP strongman Praful Patel from the Bhandara-Gondiya seat. However, in December 2017 he quit the BJP following differences with Prime Minister Narendra Modi and former Chief Minister Devendra Fadnavis and returned to the Congress.
After his election as the Speaker, Patole, announced the name of Fadnavis as the Leader of Opposition. He said that the BJP is being accorded the status of opposition party in the Assembly and Fadnavis would be the new Leader of Opposition. Chief Minister Uddhav Thackeray and some ministers greeted Fadnavis, after announcement by Patole.
Later while speaking on a motion to congratulate Patole, Fadnavis said that Chief Minister Uddhav Thackeray should now fulfill his own earlier demand of Rs 25,000 per hectare to farmers for crop damages due to post-monsoon rains.
“Uddhav Thackeray, as leader of his party (Shiv Sena), while touring the state (last month, when he was not the chief minister) had demanded Rs 25,000 per hectare for farmers as assistance. I think he should ensure now that farmers get the assistance,” Fadnavis added.
Thackeray, Shiv Sena president was sworn in as chief minister, on Thursday last, after his party came together with the NCP and Congress to form government in the state. The three parties forged an alliance after the Sena fell out with pre-poll ally BJP over sharing the chief ministerial post.
Last month, when a bitter tussle between the Sena and BJP over government formation was on, Thackeray toured some areas where farmers suffered crop damages due to unseasonal post-monsoon rains this year.
That time Thackeray had dubbed the Rs 10,000 crore package announced by the then Fadnavis-led state government as inadequate and had demanded that the affected farmers be given Rs 25,000 per hectare as compensation.

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State social activist conferred honorary doctorate in social work

IT News

Thoubal, Dec.1

International Peace University, Germany conferred Honorary Doctorate in the field of Social Work to Moirangthem Sushilkumar Singh s/o Late M.Okendra Singh of Wangjing Bazar,Thoubal Distric ,Manipur in honour of his service in rehabilitation of victims of human trafficking and mentally ill persons in the last 10 years in a Convocation & Award Ceremony held yesterday at Shenbaga Hotel and Convention Centre, Pondicherry.

Dr. M. Anandarajan-  Advisor, IPU, Dr. Mummadi Shivarudra Swamygalu-  Matadipatigalu, Kshethra Maralegavimatha  Karnataka, MS. Chrystella Rasoamahenia- member Global Accreditation Council, France Dr. S. Chelladurai- former Senator, Bharathiyar University, Prof. Dr. Nathan Ragunathan- HOD, Tamil, IPU Dr. M. Ignisious Prabhu- Regional Director, IPU attended the ceremony as dais members.

Out of 51 Convocation Awardee from all over the country, Moirangthem Sushilkumar Singh brings laurels for our state Manipur.

M.Sushilkumar Singh ,founder of Centre for Development Activities (CDAC), Wangjing which works for welfare of distress women, children in need of care & protection, rescue & rehabilitation works of victims of human trafficking, rehabilitation of mentally ill persons for the last 22 years.

During this last 22 years he has rescued, rehabilitated, re-integrated and repatriated many women and girl victims of human trafficking from Nepal, Myanmar and many children, women, girls of our state rescued from Chennai , provided shelter, education to children in need of care & protection and reintegration to family and  rehabilitated many mentally ill persons.

He is son of late M.Okendra Singh and M.Binodini Devi of Wangjing Bazar Thoubal district, Manipur. He started his social work in the year 1997 after completing his master’s degree in social work ( MSW) from university of Pune in 1996. Currently he is serving as a Psychiatric social worker in the department of health services, Govt. Of Manipur and now posted at District Hospital ,Thoubal.

Also, CDAC staff and members of the Managing Committee express heartfelt congratulation and gratitude  to Mr. M. Sushilkumar for his service and achievement.

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Army organises Junior Karate Camp

IT News
Ccpur, Dec 1

Military Civic Action Initiative by Army in the remote locations of Manipur is not only giving impetus to the development in the state but also promoting games and sports, providing exposure to the younger generation.
In one such unique initiative, Ngaikhong Khunou Battalion of Loktak Brigade, Red Shield Division conducted a Junior Karate Camp at Lamdan village. Children aged between 7-14 years from nearby hill villages were selected and trained in Martial arts by trained instructors of Army over a period of last three months.
38 children passed the belt examination conducted by International Shito Ryu Organisation and were awarded certificates and Yellow belt during the culmination ceremony of the Camp. Free karate uniforms were distributed to these children by the Army in coordination with Humanism Foundation.
Conducting such events is a testimony of the Indian Army’s commitment towards social upliftment and promotion of sports in the remote areas of the state. The local populace responded favourably to the camp and expressed their gratitude to the Army.

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Two Day Training Programme for School Teachers conducted on Human Trafficking and Child Protection Systems

IT News
Imphal, Dec.1

FXB India Suraksha in collaboration with the Zonal Education Office, Govt. of Manipur organized a two day training programme for Teachers representing different schools across Imphal East and Imphal West on identifying and reporting incidents of human trafficking and child sexual abuse as well as the existing child protection mechanisms in Manipur on 28th and 30th November, 2019 in Zone I and Zone II in Imphal. 92 school teachers from different government schools participated during the two day programme.
The programme was organized as part of its project Mukti-an Anti Trafficking project to address issues of human trafficking and child sexual abuse in Manipur supported by ECPAT Luxembourg.
The primary objective of the programme was to train the teachers’ about the crucial role they play as a care giver as well as service provider in addressing abuses against children and ensuring protection and safety of the children in schools and their accessible premises. Smt. Sucheta Khumukcham, ZEO, Zone I, Imphal West and Shri. M Premchandra Singh, ZEO, Zone II, Imphal East were the chief Guest of the two day programme. Mr. Sunil Meitei and Mr. Wungreiso Sangh, Project Officers, FXB India Suraksha were the resource persons during the programme.
Addressing the participants, Smt. Sucheta Khumukcham, ZEO, Zone I, Imphal West addressing the participants said, “Such training programmes are very important considering the issue of human trafficking and CSA to be of high concern.” “As teachers we should know the procedures and provisions available to address issues related to children.”
M Premchandra Singh, ZEO, Zone II, Imphal East said, “As we are not much aware of procedures and provisions available to address crime against children, this is our golden opportunity to learn those and understand the role that we play in ensuring protection and safety of children in Manipur. As teachers we have a huge role to play in society which is not only restricted to school premises but also extends to the communities that we live in.”
Mr. Wungreiso A. Sangh, Project Officer, FXBIS, Mukti Project spoke about various signs and symptoms to identify different abuses against children. He said, “Children who are victims of abuse especially sexual violence undergoes various forms of trauma and we as service providers has to understand it. Not all children opens up easily to report abuse.” He therefore stressed upon the strategies to be adopted by the teachers to help children speak up about the abuse. He during the session also spoke about various provisions laid out under Protection of Children from Sexual Offences Act and Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection) of Children’s Act and informed the participants about their prime and responsible role in handling and acting over issues related to children during their interaction and interception with children within or outside school.
Sunil Meitei, Project Officer, FXB India Suraksha, Imphal spoke about human trafficking and the vulnerabilities in Manipur. He spoke about various sections under law and also stressed upon the need of strong prevention mechanisms at the state. He said, “Human Trafficking is an organized crime and different studies and reports has pointed out to the vulnerability of children especially girl children prone to trafficking. Hence, it is very much important for us as teachers to be alert as well as reaching out to children and aware them on such issues to reduce those vulnerabilities.”
The two day programme ended with lots of experience sharing. The teachers felt the need of such training to be organized at the school level too so that all teachers get the opportunity to learn about such a crucial topic which is relatively increasing day by day. So far FXBIS though it’s Mukti initiative has trained over 300 Teachers and 10,000 school children in the Imphal and Ukhrul since 2016.

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A Girl with Golden Hair

By- Dr Nunglekpam Premi Devi
Independent Scholar

She walks like as though, like a crane;
Carrying all along her long ‘Golden’ hair-
Flaunting and waving; tangling and parading;
Exhibiting and flourishing; growing and blossoming;
Maturing and mellowing; ripening and softening;
Tendering and lushes; quite and lowering;
Quickly she speaks, speeding and shooting;
With all her round face-murky golden amongst waving hair;
Her smiles all silver shining, lining silvery;
Adoring those soft bleak-rosy lips of her;
Slandering her witty smiles- so mischievous;
Brighter and glittering; sparkling and twinkling;
Her hair so precious-brown golden;
Long and lustrous-shimmering and glistering;
Oh! You girl, so fascinating wild vividly;
Lovely hell! Too alluring a girl with golden hair

Ha- Ha! Ha-ha! Ha-ha! She laughs wittingly;
Che-che! Che-che! Che-che! She calls so sharply;
Blundering and swiftly, she hunts her emotions back;
Like a mirage- she reflects to and front;
Oh Girl! You’re too cute to handle;
Her physique a golden mermaid, standing toe up;
Her size too sweetening-like a candy corns;
Her laughter by laughter so echoing verbally faster;
She walks on the meadows clean like a falling leaf;
Yellow and brown; so golden your hair’s swinging;
Chirpy and chirpy her rosy lip runs and moves;
Slandering her witty smiles- so mischievous;
Brighter and glittering; sparkling and twinkling;
Her hair so precious-brown golden;
Matching her with black little dresses;
She hold and she tuck in into her bosom;
Oh! You girl, so fascinating wild vividly;
Lovely hell! Too alluring a girl with golden hair


Golden! As she carry all braided golden red;
Criss-crossing braided all so tucked in ear to ear;
Like a bridge her hair holds; so mesmerizing-
Her cheek so vastly important, showing no impertinence;
Oh Girl! Your boldness too cold like a hanging leaf;
Her swiping hair just falls on to her nose tip-
As she runs her hands so fragile catching those hairs;
She keeps on engaging word after word;
Ha- Ha! Ha-ha! Ha-ha! She laughs wittingly;
Che-che! Che-che! Che-che! She calls so sharply;
Her laughter so vividly enchanting jolly;
Long and lustrous, compelling and thrilling;
Gripping and amusing; engaging and funny;
She appears like a stranger in a strange land;
All golden all yellow; all brown and all mellow;
Oh! You girl, so fascinating wild vividly;
Lovely hell! Too alluring a girl with golden hair

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Articulating History: Rejoinders and Notes on the Horrors of Kuki Rebellion 1917-1919

By Rechard Kamei

Recently I wrote an article on Kuki Rebellion titled “To bridge the divide in Manipur, the effects of a long cycle of violence should be accepted1” about how the rebellion affected neighbouring Naga tribes especially Zeliangrong. This aspect has been hardly presented in the existing writings on Kuki Rebellion wherein it has been largely portrayed as a history in isolation from ethnic tensions between Naga and Kuki tribes since nineteenth century.
Kuki Rebellion has been usually portrayed as a heroic act of fighting the Colonial force but this particular ‘anti-colonial’ narrative ignores the sufferings meted out to Zeliangrong people (a conglomeration of Naga tribes- Zeme, Liangmai, Rongmei and Inpui). How a significant part of historical event has been obscured so far requires a retelling/rewriting experiences of Zeliangrong people from Kuki Rebellion, 1917-1919. The horrors unleashed on Zeliangrong people cannot be passed off as ‘unfortunate’, as Mr. SonthangHaokip does in his thesis on “Anglo Kuki relations”2, or ‘circumstantial’ as presented in the Statesman Newpaper titled “Misrepresenting the Past” by ThongkholalHaokip3.
I relied on secondary data like books and archival records to piece them together into a historical account of Zeliangrong people under the shadow of Kuki Rebellion. In doing so, I have presented how events before and after Kuki Rebellion are replete with Naga Kuki ethnic tension and its politics by keeping myself away from making subjective comments.
Historical writing is susceptible to interpretation and reproduction, and the outcome can lead to distortion of original contents. To start with, ThongkholalHaokip’s misinterpretation of a particular line from my article is deceptive wherein I wrote based on archival record that “…in the Naga Hills, Kukis took 250 heads from the neighbouring villages” is interpreted into “250 Kabuis in the North Western hills, now in Tamenglong…” in his article. The archival record I referred to is from the year 19104. This account of heads being taken is to highlight the existing feud between Kuki and Naga tribes long before the Kuki Rebellion began.
It is with great dismay to put our Zeliangrong Naga history and suffering in the face of wilful distortion of history. While at it, I would also like to point out that there were multiple instances where colonial sources documented number of casualties/deaths. I have found the sources not once but multiple times. One of many instances being this record in the State Archives of West Bengal, where Major-General W.F. Nuthall, Political Agent, Munipore, in his letter to Lieutenant J. Butler, Deputy Commissioner, Naga Hills in 1871 informed that “…four Nagas from Toofai have this morning come in and reported that on the 21stBoisak (3rd May) their village was attacked by about 450 Kukies from the village of Kooding-mang and its dependencies, who killed ten men, ten women, and eight children of their number, and carried off their heads, together with three women and three children alive, (two females, one male,) besides having burnt eight-seven houses and 100 granaries, and despoiled them of all the cattle and property they could lay their hands upon5.”
As to how the article “Misrepresenting the Past” reminds us that the effort of Kuki to instil peace is largely forgotten is at best selective writing and at worst distortion of history. The efforts of few Kuki chiefs in reaching out to Naga villages to join them in resisting recruitment for labour corps is remarkable in a sense that a space for alliance against the colonial rule is hardly initiated between the Kukis and the Nagas. However, this effort is subdued later by calculated attacks of Kukis against Zeliangrong Naga. For instance, as per SonthangHaokip6 (2011) writings, Tintong, Chief of Laijang initially sought cooperation from Nagas in resisting Labour Corps recruitment, and later he masterminded and took part in raids on Naga villages causing burning of houses and several casualties.
Gangmumei Kamei7 in his book, the History of ZeliangrongNagas- From Makhel to Rani Gaidinliu (2004), described the genesis of attack on Zeliangrong during the Kuki Rebellion. He wrote that it began with the incident of an attack on some Kukis leading to confiscation of their guns at Rongmei village, Lukhambi. Two Rongmei villages – Awangkhul and Rangkhong came forward to help Lukhambi. Tintong responded with a retaliation by leading a raid on Awangkhul, and they took 30 heads. Akhui, a Rongmei village led an attack on nearby Kuki village causing a death of dozen Kukis. Tintong then responded with an attack on Akhui village killing 76 persons and burnt down the village. The pattern here reveals that ethnic lines are being drawn leading to ethnic tension. Sensing the situations of Rongmei villages, Liangmai Naga came to rescue them. Loss of multiple of hundreds of Zeliangrong people and several villages burnt down to ashes, is not a circumstantial incident, it happened with strategic, deliberate and pre planned massacre by Kukis against Zeliangrong people during Kuki Rebellion. Gangmumei Kamei added that TangkhulNagas were also attacked by Kukis during the Kuki Rebellion. He also wrote that around that time the Kukis had already ceased the use of “the bow and arrow, sword and spear”, for they possessed a skill to manufacture “guns, gunpowder and leather canons8.” The absence of Naga men can also be drawn into this particular event for the fact that many were sent to France as labour corps to help the Allied Forces during World War I.
In the words of Lal Dena9 (1991), “By the end of April 1918, a series of brutal outrages were committed on their surrounding villages by the rebels and in the next three month 19 villages were raided with the loss of 193 persons killed and 26 missing. The causes of some of these raids were old feuds. In October 1918, 20 Kabui Naga villages were raided and burned with a loss of more than 85 lives. These raids were mostly carried out by Tindong chief of Layang who declared war with KabuiNagas in retaliation against the latter’s raid on the Natjang Kuki village. No wonder the Kabui Naga rebellion in 1930-32 was directed both against the British and Kukis.” After Kuki Rebellion, towards the end of 1919, is marked by introduction of direct administration of hill people under the British, a move which is unprecedented considering how the hills were administered indirectly after the British conquest of Manipur in 1891. The hills come under the rule of three sub-divisions constituted by Chief Commissioner of Assam10.
Historical writing in this form begs a question to re-examine and bring out dynamics at play and processes surrounding events from the past. In addition to EH Carr’s emphasis on the need of historiography11 as Mr. Haokip reminds us in his article, it will be of great value to extend our ears also to Ronald Aminzade’s (1992)12 take on the role of historical sociologists where he sees it to be a way to bring out diverse patterns, and linkages among events by critically assessing historical accounts. This involves focussing on the causes and consequences of the events, and other processes among events like overlapping and intersection.
Less than ten years later after the Kuki Rebellion, the Zeliangrong movement began under the leadership of Jadonang and later Rani Gaidinliu. The arrest of Rani Gaidinliu by the British came through with the help of Kuki informer. The role of Kuki informer in aiding the arrest of Rani Gaidinliu is corroborated in the writings of Ursula Graham Bower13. So, it will be unwise to say that there existed a group which has been forgotten for their effort to initiate peace during the colonial period. Zeliangrong movement is a freedom movement against the British and colonialism, and its rivalry with Kukis.
In Assam State Archives, there is a letter written by W.A. Cosgrave, Chief Secretary to the Government of Assam on February 25, 1931, where he highlighted about the unrest among KabuiNagas in North-west of Manipur state14. He noted down that Kuki villages were set up in Naga inhabited areas especially of Kabui and KachaNagas, and they were described as not indigenous who migrated into the region some generations ago. A description here conveys that the main dispute is around land, and land has been an important factor which is central to formulations of Naga identity. Land is also attached to Naga notions of culture, custom, belief system and rituals. The formation of Naga Club in 1918 and its memorandum (one of the signatories was Kuki15) to the Simon Commission in 1929 are a clear indication of ethnic identity consciousness and its expression back in the early twentieth century.
Scholars from northeast writing on colonial history, must critically look at the British administration, and how they created fault lines and permeated into fault lines to implant their divide and rule policy. The contours of colonialism can be easily identified by people who are at its receiving end. One must stay vigilant from falling into the trap of colonialism and internalising it, like how Zeliangrong Naga, one of the largest tribes in Manipur is being referred to as “smaller hill communities in Manipur16” in T Haokip’s writing, is dishonest. A concerted effort to skirt acknowledgement of violence and its excesses on Zeliangrong Naga people during Kuki Rebellion, is an ahistorical approach towards Zeliangrong movement which happened later under Jadonang and Rani Gaidinliu.

Bank employees to hold dharna in front of Parliament

IT News

The employees of various public sector banks (PSB) organised under the banner of the All India Bank Employees Association (AIBEA) are planning to hold a dharna in front of the Parliament, as a protest against bank against mergers of banks and privatisation, on 10 December.
The union government has resorted to consolidation in public sector banks by merging them which would result into closure of 6 banks, having over 5,000 bank branches, which would eventually lead to huge unemployment. The merger is neither demanded by customers nor shareholders nor employees of the bank.
This space is being made available to payment banks, small finance banks and universal banks from private sector. Thus Corporate who today are bank defaulters, are day dreaming to be the owners of those banks. As such major unions including AIBEA AIBOA BEFI INBOC, AIBOC and INBEF, representing 80 per cent of the banking industry including employees and officers, have organised the dharna, Devidas Tuljapurkar, General Secretary of the Maharashtra State Bank Employees Federation, affiliated to All India Bank Employees Association told this correspondent.
The unions have demanded accountability of officials responsible for the Non-Performing Assets (NPAs) and effective steps to recover dues. This is hard earned money of common men and the banks are supposed to bear the loss. In order to overcome the loss, the banks are levying various service charges and have also reduced the interest rates on deposits.
As per the data tabled in the Parliament  by the Minister of State for Finance Anurang Thakur in response to a query by MP Deepak Baiji, scheduled commercial banks have written off around Rs. 6,00,769 crore in the last 5 years. Of this the State Bank of India alone written off around Rs. 2,67,263 crore (44.48 per cent). Similarly in 2018-19 alone, around 35 per cent bad debts were written off by SBI. The data further revealed that of the total Rs. 6,00,769 crore , hardly Rs. 43,059 crore (7.16 per cent) was related to the agriculture sector. Whereas staggering Rs.  1.66 lakh crore (27.69 per cent) outstanding dues were related to trade and Rs 4 lakh crore (65.15 per cent) to the corporate sector.
In response to a question by MP Pradyut Bordoli, Thakur also stated that in the last 7 years, the government infused Rs. 3.38 lakh crore towards capital in public sector banks, by making a provision in the budget which meant that the attempts are on to cover up losses with the tax collected from common people, Tuljapurkar said. The bad debits which were written off included, the debts worth Rs. 1.07 lakh crore of 88 borrowers (with outstanding dues of  Rs 500 crore and above) and the debts worth Rs 2.75 lakh crore of 980 borrowers( with outstanding dues of Rs.100 crore and above).
In the meanwhile union finance ministry has suggested that RBI should set up “Stress Asset Fund” to buy out stressed assets of the country’s top 25 shadow lenders and revive the financial sector. The proposed a bailout plan is based on the lines of the U.S. Troubled Asset Relief Programme following the 2008 financial crisis. In that year, United States Treasury Department had worked out a $700 billion bailout plan to address the financial crisis. The attempt is being made to pull India’s financial sector out of a deep slump and get credit flowing back into a weak economy.
Shadow lenders account for a large chunk of India’s credit market, accounting for a 30% share of auto loans and more than 40 per cent of home loans as of December 2018, according to RBI . Any new measure is likely to help such as Indiabulls Housing Finance, Piramal Enterprises, Reliance Capital, Shriram Transport Finance and Mahindra & Mahindra Financial Services.
The new proposal comes after the government’s 1 trillion rupees partial credit guarantee scheme under which state run banks would buy high-rated pooled assets of financially sound shadow lenders failed to take off.
The shadow banking sector has been battling a credit crunch ever since one of the sector’s biggest firms Infrastructure Leasing & Financial Services collapsed in late 2018 amid fraud allegations.
The government has also asked the RBI to consider a one time waiver to banks from classifying some real estate loans as bad loans. However the RBI has been reluctant to open its balance sheet for a large bail out programme for the shadow banks as it feels the step is too drastic and more discussions are required, official sources said.

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