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Monday, 07 January 2019 - Imphal Times

Many villages in Tamenglong are yet to be electrified

IT News

Tamenglong, Jan. 7,

Despite many promise to electrify from various quarters, many villages in Tousem Sub Division of Tamenglong district is yet to see electricity.

At least 12 villages including Charinapang village, Taijijang, Tongtao, Zeiladjang, Tuisenphai, Katiang, Impa Ningdi village etc. are yet to be provided electricity in Tousem sub- division of Tamenglong district.

People of the said Sub- division of Tamenglong district is facing untold suffering due to lack of electricity, road connectivity, and poor health facility in the area.

This was found out during the touring to some villages by media persons in Tousem area. 

Speaking to media person Charinapang village Chairman Ajang Riamei said that the department has promised to provide electricity to the village, however it has failed to put into action.

He said that on the promise and to the instruction of the concerned department, the villagers had cleared the jungle for electric wire line in 2017.

Moreover, the department had requested the villagers to transfer the electric posts and the villager is even ready to help transport the electric post from Imphal to the village.

However, the aspiration to get electricity is not fulfilled till date, he stated.

Ajang Riamei also appealed the concerned authority to provide electricity as early as possible.

In a shocking manner electric bulbs are hanging without electric connection as if electric bulbs are hanging for house decoration in Longjon village.

Source informed the media persons that Longjon village has been electrified in 2015. However they had stopped supply of power after few months in 2015. Despite repeated appeal to the concerned authority to resume electric supply, it went into deaf years.

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Usoipokpi Hills in Thoubal District gradually loosing grips of Authority

IT News,

Imphal, Jan.7,

The Usoipokpi Hills of the Waithou Protected Forest is fast depleting due to the unregulated and illegal mining of hill earth from the area. The Usoipokpi Hills was once a healthy forest with greeneries all around but the present condition is heart touching with its extremely denuded and barren look.

Information culled from the authorities reveals that there have been instances when the forest field staffs got manhandled by the offenders and also being warned of dare consequences if they ever try to stop them again. There have also been instances when pictures and videos taken on the mobile phones by forest field staffs were forcibly erased at the site by the offenders along with women and children.

The officials also continued that stopping the illegal activity at the Usoipokpi hills has been the most difficult task so far by the Forest Department due to the stiff resistance and peculiar behaviour of the locals. The source also continued that even woman and children would come out shouting and surrounding whenever the officials visit the site and try to stop the activity.

The forest officials, along with the District police, have stopped the activity many times and had also charged the law breakers as per law but without much dividends as the perpetrators of law would continue their illegal activity in late night hours with flash lights and also in the early morning hours in a clandestine manner.

It may be recalled that Usoipokpi area is still under the promulgation of Section 144 of CrPC by the District Magistrate of Thoubal. The Superintendent of Police, Thoubal had also deployed police personnel at the site through an official order. On 30th December 2018, a team of forest officials were overpowered at Usoipokpi by the locals including women and children when they went there to stop the illegal activity.

The offenders even warned the officials of dare consequences including costing their lives if they ever try to come back to stop them. A combine team of Range Officer, Thoubal and Beat Officer, Koirengei have been trying to stop and seize the trucks on their way towards Imphal on the National Highway.

During the last two days, two trucks have been seized and others have escaped taking the advantage of the forest field staffs being unarmed. An FIR has also been lodged at the Singjamei Police station against a truck which has speed away and fled even after being stopped by the forest field staffs.

The forest field staffs are finding it difficult to curb the menace without being armed and the District police, with ever increasing work load in the field, are not available for the purpose all the time. Thus, enforcement of the directives of the Order of the Hon’ble High Court of Manipur in PIL No. 25 of 2017 is still an uphill task.

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NSUI appeals Manipur Chief Minister to oppose Citizen Amendments Bill

IT News
Imphal, Jan 7,

National Students’ Union of India (NSUI) strongly condemned the statement in the parliament by Prime Minister Narendra Modi to pass the citizen amendment bill as quick as possible.
Speaking to media persons at Congress Bhavan at BT Road here in Imphal today afternoon, State General Secretary of NSUI N. Shyamananda said that they consider the bill as a continuation of the previous manifesto of BJP to protect the Hindus residing in Pakistan. He strongly condemned the steps taken up on the basis of religion in a secular country.
Shyamananda enquire the hidden agenda of the bill to classify the refugee as migrants and condemned on such. He added that the Citizen Amendments Bill is a bill is a big threat to the constitution of India and it will greatly affect the whole of India and North East in particular.
Shyamananda questions to BJP whether they don’t know the consequences of such a bill which will give a big impact even on the bilateral ties with the neighboring countries.
He further said that the future of minority communities of India is not certain if the bill is passed on the parliament. And the existence of the indigenous people of Manipur will be in a peril state. The different movement that has been going on for the protection of the indigenous people of Manipur will be in vain, he added.  
Manipur which hasn’t even recovered the impact of NRC bill of Assam will affect to a great extent on the people of Manipur if the Citizen Amendment Bill is passed.  Even in places which have Inner line Permit to protect the indigenous people like Nagaland, there is a great issue of non locals even in such a state also. He questions the faith of the people of Manipur where Even now there is not a perfect mechanism to cope in safeguarding the indigenous people of the state.
NSUI appealed to both the hill and valley people of Manipur to be aware and conscious both the pros and cons of the bill.
Lastly State Gen Secy Shyamananda of NSUI draws the attention of the Chief Minister of the Manipur N.Biren to take decision in the cabinet or the house to oppose the bill which will have a great impact to the people of Manipur.
It can be mention that North East Students’ Union also called an 11 hour general strike over the north east on that issue.

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AR indecent frisking on civilian women draws flak; Villagers protest

IT News

Imphal, Jan 7,

Indecent frisking by some personnel of 17th Assam Rifles, Litan Outpost, on civilian women and young girls in between Sangkai and Thowai village anger the locals in the area. The locals rose up in protest against the indecent frisking and chased the AR personnel.

The incident occurred at Sangkai village, Ukhrul district along Imphal - Ukhrul road on Saturday.

According to source, some personnel of 17AR from Litan Outpost led by Captain(/Major) Dheeraj rushed to Sangkai village around 4:30pm.

After stopping their vehicle at the periphery of Sangkai village, the AR personnel hide themselves and loom for any suspect. The AR personnel halted innocent civilians and conducted frisking in between Thowai and Sangkai village.

The locals alleged that at dusk the AR personnel, without lady police, resorted to body search on many women and young girls who were coming from paddy fields.

Angered by the attitude of the AR personnel, residents of Sangkai and surrounding villages gather themselves and chased the AR personnel who flee the area. The locals also vandalised glasses of AR vehicles.

The said AR personnel who flee towards Yaingangpokpi side in a Gypsy were halted and apprehended by the women folk of Gwaltabi and Mongneljang at Gwaltabi. They were detained at Mongneljang village court.

On receiving information CO 17AR Shangsak rushed to the spot and held talks with CSOs. At the meeting the locals and CSOs inform the CO that the AR personnel, on the pretext of checking illegal activities in the area , had been terrorizing the local populace and Saturday incident was not the first time. The locals had been bearing the attitude of Assam Rifles in silent for long. But they rose up in protest as the AR personnel cross the limit and resorted to indecent frisking on innocent women and young girls.

The CO reportedly assures locals and CSOs that he will instruct his boys and no such incident will occur in future. The CO also agreed to tender apology under Kuki Customary Law today at Sangkai village court.

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Fitting tribute paid to departed journalists on 44th Foundation Day of Manipur Press Club

IT News
Imphal, Jan 7,

Forest and Environment Minister Thounaojam Shyamkumar today said that the media has a great role to play in promoting good governance in the State. He made the statement at the observance of the 44th Foundation Day of Manipur Press Club organised by the All Manipur Working Journalists’ Union (AMWJU).
Speaking as the chief guest of the function, Th. Shyamkumar said that the aspects of good governance are facilitated by a strong and independent mediascape within a society. He opined that only when journalists are free to monitor, investigate and criticize the public administration’s policies and actions, good governance take hold.
He further suggested that all the journalists in the State must follow the basic principles of journalism which is to follow a balance reporting taking accounts and feedbacks of all the stakeholders rather than reporting a one-sided story. As media often highlights the problems and flaws of the Government likewise it should also highlight the good work and journalists must do reporting from the interior parts of the State for effective implementation of the various welfare schemes and programmes. Stating that media should act like a guide and a tutor to all, he said everybody has flaw which can be corrected with timely intervention.
Heisnam Balkrisna Singh, Director, DIPR said that the Directorate is committed and working for the welfare of the media persons of the State. Announcing that the non subscriber senior media persons will be covered under the Manipur State Journalists’ Pension Scheme with one time relaxation, he said that a meeting regarding the matter will be held soon with the representatives of the Editors’ Guild Manipur (EGM) and AMWJU. He also informed that the proposal to increase the pension amount will be introduced soon in the Cabinet.   
He said that the Government is committed for the journalists of the State as recently the Chief Minister had announced the coverage of journalists and hawkers under the Chief Minister-gi Hakshelgi Tengbang (CMHT). He further announced that an insurance policy is in the pipeline for the hawkers of the State and invited genuine suggestions from the journalists.
Brozendro Ningomba, President, AMWJU spoke about the decline in the ethics, morality and discipline among few journalists of electronic, print and digital media recently. He advised the journalists of the State to follow discipline and ethics in order to succeed in life and for development of the society. Announcing that a housie will be played for fund raising for the Yaoshang Sports, he also welcomed all the persons related to the media to participate in the sports event.
Ahead of the function, floral tributes were offered to the departed journalists of the State. During the function veteran journalists and families of the departed journalists were honoured with shawls.
Hemantakumar Ningombam, Editor, Sana Leibak and Vice President, Editors’ Guild Manipur; N. Rajendro Singh, social worker, former president ICHAM, veteran journalists of the State, journalists of different media organizations among others attended the function.

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Do not Force us to restore the Pre Merger Status- YACPIP

IT News

Imphal, Jan 7,

Youth’s Action Committee for Protections of Indigenous Peoples (YACPIP) expressed shocked to the  statement of Prime Minister Narendra Modi delivered on January 4 , here in Imphal at which he stated that the government will move ahead with the Amendment of the Citizenship Bill 2016 by passing in the parliament as mentioned during a poll rally in Assam’s Silchar on his campaign for 2019 general election beside many protest have been carried out by various CSOs, NGOs, students’ unions etc across the North East Region against the CAB, 2016.

YACPIP, expressed concern over the serious threats imposed upon the indigenous people of North East by the Prime Minster of India who never have the ground experience and stationed in New Delhi.

“We strongly opposed steps for the amendment of the citizenship bill 2016 which is set to be passed in the parliament. This bill will not be benefiting to any of the indigenous people of The North East rather it will severely affect to the cultural, social, linguistics, identity, demography of the North East People”, a statement of the Committee said. 

It further question on why these huge number of population is not absorb in the main land India?

“If Mr. PM believed on Ma Bharat than why only to indigenous people land and why to North east region? If this is all about concerning the humanity then why the Govt of India refused to absorb Muslim Rohingya who were made stateless by the Myanmar Army which is against the International Law”, the statement added.

The committee appealed the Government of India to withdraw its stand to pass the Amendment Citizenship Bill 2016 before the people of North East took an alternative step for restoring the Pre-Merger Status.

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The shattered dream: Can we expect something from the government

As many as 8 projects have been inaugurated by the Prime Minister Narendra Modi and 4 other have been laid foundation stone on Jan4 during his visit here in Imphal. Well and good but notwithstanding the plethora of development measures being taken up by the State Government aimed at improving the quality of life of its residents, the sense of satisfaction and achievement has been lacking in everything that has happened here in the collective minds of the majority of the population.
A slew of promises have also been made on an increasing frequency, the ultimate fate of which has not yet been ascertained. The trend is not one of recent origin. Successive parties and Governments, without any exception, have carried out the same modus operandi of garnering votes and ditching the promises made afterwards. The question here is not how much the Government has done for its people, as it is a given that the Government is there for the very purpose of providing governance, utilizing the resources at its disposal for the betterment of its people.
A more important and pressing question pertains to the manner in which the precious resources at the disposal of the State Government are being utilized to maximize the rate of development and progress. It is no secret that the heads of state, entrusted with the task of overseeing and regulating the development of the state as a whole, has been playing hide and seek with their responsibilities while utilizing more than their fair share of the rights.
 They have evidently lost their connection with the real world, cocooned inside their own safety arrangements. The everyday travails of the common man being a thing of make belief.
The ever increasing congestion and traffic snarls being faced by the common man does not concern them, as their way has been cleared and guarded by their cronies and security guards and insulated from the grime and dirt, not to mention the deafening sound of vehicles jostling for space in the narrow roads on which shoddy repair works have been carried out in fits and starts. Even though Electric signals have been used at two important traffic junctions, there are inconveniences compounded by the perennially flashing orange lights at some intersections and junctions, serving nothing in particular. The everyday ordeal does not end when an ordinary person reaches home after a hard day.
Traffic still is a haunt and a nightmare for almost all citizen, struggle for getting drinking water, cleaning up plastic bottles has been life for the people not matters which political parties came to power in the center.  And the whole cycle starts from the very moment one wakes up, with the efforts to collect the precious water which the PHED so generously provides every other day for a few minutes, the quality of which is better left unsaid. And these inconveniences are for the city dwellers.
Imagine the plight of those who could only dream of being in such a place as Imphal. Without going into the details of the deficits the government has so prominently and frequently vocalized, it should be made clear that the most important thing lacking with the present government is the political will to make things happen. Providing clean water, adequate and fair distribution of available power to the people and upgradation of road and other basic infrastructures does not call for someone with qualifications of a rocket scientist. More than anything, a proactive and transparent approach with a genuine concern for the betterment of the common man will work wonders in making a visible and positive change. That will be the greatest gift the government can give its embittered people.

Cause and Impact of Anglo Manipur War 1891

By Khuraijam Athouba
Justice Committee for Anglo-Manipur War 1891
Martyrs and Victims of Kangleipak (Manipur)

War of a nation has always been an act of violence with their might of military capabilities with an objective either to secure of defend the sovereignty, to protect the life and property of its citizen no matter what. This principle has prevailed since time immemorial across various wars of the nations. The Anglo-Manipur War or Manipur British War as given in the theme of this Seminar is no different from the given reality and situation which led to the break out of most significant War in the history of Manipur and British Colonial period. To win or lose a war depends extremely on the might of the military power they possess, therefore that the Military Power, Economic Power and Political Stability define the status/position of a nation is absolutely true. Manipur, despite being a small sovereign state has a complete Political system with the three main entities with a written constitution that has been in existence for 1000s of years as an Asiatic sovereign power. Manipur’s decline of political position in the later part of the era was due to the weakening of its military strength and political instability due to conflict of interest among the ruling royal families and hence they faced defeat at the aggression of the Ava/Awa which led to the terrific Seven year Devastation (1891-1826’AD). Post Seven years devastation, as the Manipur kingdom return to its throne again with the help of the British. With the first Anglo Manipuri Treaty on 14 September, 1762 was stamped between Jai Singh, the King of Manipur and the British Empire through East India Company. The Article of the treaty between Haridas Gossain (on behalf of Jain Singh) and Mr. Harry Verelset, Chief of Chittagong  factory (on behalf of the British) clearly indicates the intent of the British to use the king, his power, land and military for and on behalf of the British against the Burmese and even to all the enemies of the British with a time period of forever logically shows the intent of the British to breach in the sovereignty of Manipur. Such mode of the British agreement can never be considered as a mutual agreement, it was rather a compelling or conditional deal which would definitely amount to a conflict situation between Manipur and British in due course of time. Oja N. Sanajaoba quoted the only two treaties between the British and Manipuri as “Manipur’s love hate and war relationship commenced with a treaty in 1762 and was put to test in two successive wars in 1891, which created storm in British public opinion in Britain”.
Many scholars observe and share common opinion about the causes of Anglo-Manipur War/Manipur British War as follows:
1.The treaty of 1762 and 1833 (Jiri Treaty) followed by opening of a Political Agency in Manipur in 1835 post Treaty of Yandaboo (1826).
The main aim of 1762 Treaty by King Jai Singh of Manipur was to get military assistance from the East India Company against the Burmese. But it was abandoned as both the party had a reason of their own interest to not proceed with it. They found it expensive and unfruitful whereas Court of Directors of East threatened the British District of Sylhet, then a part of Bengal. With reports of Burmese overrunning of Manipur and Assam, the panic seized population of Sylhet made immediate call for action and at this critical moment Gambhir Singh, son of Jai Singh made an alliance with the East India Company and defeated the Burmese and drove out them from the Manipur soil and pursued them till beyond the Chindwin River taking control of the Kabaw Valley. Under the Charter Act of 1833, the East India Company ceded Jiribam in perpetuity to Manipur. But when the Supreme Government of British India opened a Political Agency in Manipur even though the objective was preservation of a friendly intercourse and to prevent border feuds and disturbances which might lead to hostilities between the Manipuries and the Burmese, it marks the breach in the Sovereignty and Security of Manipur Kingdom and which could never remain forever. Manipur never accepted Subsidiary Alliance and never paid tribute to the British anytime before 1891 nor ceded any territory to them even if the 1762 agreement exposed the intent of the British towards Manipur. As the kingdom of Manipur was very much sovereign post 1835, the existence of British Political Agent in Manipur it was a time bomb ticking to explode any conflict of interest that might erupt in due course of time and situation. No doubt the 1762 treaty was signed between two sovereign powers, but due to the prevailing political situation, the Maharaja of Manipur was too much submissive to the British and hence the much advanced British got an opportunity to pave the way for interference in the internal and sovereign affairs of Manipur. In the initial period of the establishment of the Political agent in Manipur, the power and function of the agent was strictly, limited and its participation in the internal affairs also did not occur much. But in course of time the British enhanced their role and activity day by day. Later when the Royal brothers in constant confrontation for the throne increased and the members of the royal family started approaching the Political Agent for it, the British got its strength in involving in the internal politics of Manipur. By the time, the British began to feel that the existence of Manipur as a buffer state between British India and Burma is no longer required, they started waiting for an opportune time to annex Manipur, and the time was given by Surchandra when he approached the Viceroy Lord Landsdown during the chaotic political crisis among the Princes. As the groupism and rivalry among the heirs in the Royal family escalated, the British took sides and since Surchandra ascended the throne in 1886, on September 21, 1890 a revolt attack took place in the palace and as a result of this revolt Maharaja Surchandra and is brother fled from the palace and took shelter in the residency of the British and later went to Vrindaban. Kullachadra Dhaja succeeded to the throne of Manipur. When Surchandra requested the British to extend support in regaining his lost throne, the Governor of India decided not to reinstate Surchandra but to recognize Kullanchadra as the King of Manipur with a condition to deport Koirengsana (Tikendrajit) from Manipur as he was the main factor behind and who would create obstacles in the smooth functioning of the policy of the British in Manipur via its king. The final order was explicitly written as they would recognize Kullachandra as the King of Manipur if he accepted the following terms and conditions.
1. Kullachadra should allow the Political agent to keep 300 soldiers in the Residency.
2. He should administer the country according to the advice of the Political Agent.
3. He should agree to the examination of Koirengsana (Tikendrajit) from Manipur and help the British Govt. in this respect.
Post Palace revolt, with the infallible order of the government of India, Mr. Quinton, Chief Commissioner of Assam’s arrival with 400 sepoy at Manipur on 22 March, 1890, loaded with arms was a psychological threat to the Manipur sovereignty and that such threat perceptions would not be tolerated by the brave Manipuri soldiers was a fact as the Manipuris had lived in complete freedom for ages. On the other hand Maharaja Kullachandra, in the way in which he had been made the king, was in no position to raise any objection to the Chief Commissioner’s proposal to hold a durbar in Residency, the hidden purpose of which was to arrest Koirengsana. But the plan failed repeatedly and the frustrated, but arrogant and over confident Chief Commissioner Quinton attacked the house of Koirengsana to arrest him but failed. As retaliation to the attack heavy fighting took place, the British troops destroyed many structures including temples and killed many innocent people including women and children. Following that, anxious Maharaja ordered and attacked the British residency under the leadership of Yaishkul-Lakpa and Wangkheirakpa and the British failed in defending the attack of the Manipuri Army due to which they were compelled to declare a ceasefire by 8pm and the Chief Commissioner wanted to make a peace deal. In response to the violent act that took place, the king wrote a letter to the British Chief Commissioner clarifying that the Manipuri are not waging war against the British and they fought only to protect themselves and the action of their (British) attack to the Palace was an illegal act.
An emergency Durbar was called and held in front of the Durbar Hall where the furious near and dear ones of the midnight British attack were also present. On the side of Manipur, Tikendrajit Jubaraj, Thangal General, Colonel Shamu, Giridhari Singh, Angom Ningthou, Haobam Devan, Chongtha Mia and many others including Pukhrambam Kajao were present. As the incidents resulted in death of innocent lives and loss of huge properties, the two parties could not come to an agreement and the Durbar was postponed till next morning. At the moment furious crowd suddenly attacked the British denying the postponement of the Durbar. Mr. Grimwood P.A.  was fatally speared by Pukhrambam Kajao, Lt. Simpson got his head banged on the wall, Chief Commissioner Quinton, Colonel Skene, Lt. Simpson and Mrs. Cossin were taken as prisoners in the fort for several hours but later beheaded by the Manipuris. This tragic event of executing the Chief Commissioner of Assam destroyed the friendly relations between Manipur and the British and hence in the following days the British government responded by declaring war against the Manipuri Kingdom. This marks the breaking out of Anglo-Manipuri War 1891.
Observation narrated above led to the immediate cause for Anglo-Manipuri war of 1891, the political situation was such that sooner or later a war like conflict between the independent sovereign kingdom of Manipur and the colonial British Empire was more or less inevitable.
Timeline review of the post 1981 War till 1949 Annexation of Manipur by India gives a very clear picture in various aspects where the geo-political situation of Manipur was in such a position that Manipur was never beyond the proximity between two giant political ideologies i.e. between Democracy of the West and Communism of the East. For example, during the Second World War in 1939-45, without much involvement of Manipur in the international polity, Manipur became a hot bed of the two confronting groups (Allied forces and Japanese & INA forces). The Imphal battle of 1944 was declared as one of the greatest battles in the history of Allied forces during Second World War with maximum casualties and also the beginning of the end of Japanese Imperialism too (New York Times report 21 June, 2014 by Gardiner Harris). Another aspect is also during the decolonization period of 1947 by the British empire, Manipur due to its geo-political location between two conflicting systems, vis., emerging Democracy in India and gradually growing and ideologically threatening Communist moorings of Asiatic region and today’s Northeast region and neighbouring China and Burma (Myanmar) made the new independent India to annex Manipur with a forced merger agreement on 21st September, 1949 to resist any further penetration of Communism from Burma inside the mainstream India territory. Such is the geographical position of Manipur in the transcontinental map of southeast Asia and therefore no matter what the British did nor not, Manipur by nature is and will be facing serious political conflicts in course of time.
2. Family disputes among the sons of Meidingu Chadrakriti Maharaj and dissent group seeking asylum to the British:
Family dispute among the heirs of the King in Manipur is not a unique phenomenon of disunity among the royal families. Every royal family in the history of almost all the kingdoms across the globe has had such phenomenon of disunity among the heirs for power and privileges. However, all those kingdom did not face what Manipur faced during 1890-91. So, we cannot say that the family disputes among the sons of Meidingu Chandrakriti Mharaj and seeking asylum to the British could be one of the main cause for the outbreak of Anglo-Manipuri War 1891. It was the British, who falls prey to this tiny independent kingdom which was self sufficient and had enough courage to face death to defend its pride and honor for their motherland which was underestimated by the then British who were posted and involved in the affairs directly or indirectly.
Impact of Anglo-Manipuri War 1891
Since  the past one and a half years just after the inception of a committee to review the history and aspects of Anglo-Manipuri War 1891, The Justice Committee for Anglo-Manipuri War 1891 Martyrs and Victims of Kangleipak Manipur has come up with several views and opinions which was not looked upon with due significance and assessed by many as the possible impact of the War. Post Anglo-Manipur War 1891, as the kingdom of Manipur faced defeat with the death of so many brave and courageous patriots during the war and soon after the war, the British Government of India ordered to arrest all the royal princes who were allegedly involved directly or indirectly in waging war against the British government and all other who were directly involved in the murder of British Officers.
The first execution post War took place at the western gate of the Kangla on 25 May, 1891 where Pukhrambam Kajao (Phingang) was hanged to death all the western gate of Kangla and left hanging for many days to set a lesson to the public about the consequences of revolting against the British.
On june 8, 1891, Niranjan Subedar was executed by the British for taking part in waging war against the British despite his earlier service in the British Army.
On 13 August, 1891 Senapati Koirengsana i.e. Bir Tikendrajit and Thangal General was executed by hanging in front of around 5000 people gathered who were expecting the release of the two heroes of Manipur at Pheidabung (Present BT park). This instance of executing our own patriots in front of women and children has given a shocking psychological trauma and set back to the morale of the entire people of the kingdom who loved celebrating braveries and courage.
On 13 October, 1891 another brave and loyal heroes of the soil, Chirai Thangal (Naga) was again executed by hanging in jail for killing the British Telegraph Superintendent Mr. Melvin at Mayngkhang on 25th March, 1891 during the retaliatory attack against the British by the Manipuris.
On 23rd November of 1891, twenty two (22) brave patriots of Manipur including the King Kula Chandradhaja Singh, Angousana, Senapati Aya Purel Major, Chongtha Mia Maj. etc were deported in exile for taking part in the war against the British. Out of the 22 exiled, only seven (7) from among them were allowed to return and settle in Manipur from 1901. All the others either died or were not allowed to enter Manipur for lifetime. (as per the list of Political Prisoners deported from Manipur to kala pani at Andaman & Nicober Island by Justice Committee 1891 from United Chongthas archive).
Witnessing such a tragic end of the proud kingdom and its heroes post Anglo-Manipuri War, the people of the state couldn’t overcome to regain its past glory and courage immediately. Even though Manipur continues as an independent state after the War new sources of information and recorded media and archival documents now revealed the truth of the then Manipuri Kingdom and the injustice done by the British to its friendly nation called Manipur.
The Daily Argus News on 10, 1891 made a headline in these words, “WHY QUINTON WAS KILLED? He Burned Helpless Manipur Women and Children,”
The New York Times in its May 16, 1891 issue writes, “The Manipur Blu Book established most decisively the fact that the Government is responsible for the Manipur Disaster.”
(neScholar.vol 2. Issue 3)
The New York Times in its June 23, 1891 issue published the news again under the heading “…Sur J.E. Gorst resign”, (neScholar.vol 2. Issue 3)
In short the impact of Anglo-Manipuri war across the globe was a hit and the little State whose name has been on all English lips for the last fortnight, presents a somewhat thorny question to the British Indian Government. (neScholar.vol.2 Issue 3)
The trials of the Manipuri Soldiers who were later captured or surrendered were tried without following proper trial procedure. Telegram among British Officials clearly indicate that capital punishment should be given. It clearly shows that what they did was a mock-trial. The trial was purely a formality and awarding capital sentences has already been prejudged by violating their own established principle of criminal trial. The request to engage a defense lawyer from Kolkata for Tikendrajit and Thangal was rejected and therefore the least done from the British Authority was to engage a Bengali trader namely Janakinath Basak to assist the court on their behalf just because he can translate the Manipuri language in to English for them. From these realities of the nature of trial it is quite clear that trial conducted against the princes and patriots of Manipur was highly prejudiced and biased as they already had predetermined to award death penalty before it had actually happened.
Fifty four (54) years after  the dramatic and disastrous experiences of a foreign, the arrival and establishment of the deadliest ground with modern weapons, arms and ammunitions has exposed the people of Manipur to the another aftershock of Anglo –Manipur War where huge number of precious lives of the land were lost during the Second World War.The cumulative effect of this two dreadful events in the course of Manipur history has made the people and its system to hold back themselves from another military aggression or an invasion and beacouse of that , when Manipur was forcibly annexed by the new Independent India in 1949, the people of the state and the masses couldn’t rise up against it. Few braved to revolt against it under the leadership of Lamyanba Hijam Irabot with a communist ideology but the general masses were traumatized enough by the recent past historical experiences and therefore couldn’t come out to oppose or confront courageously against the forced conspiracy during 1949 affairs to protect or defend its freedom/independence.
Some contentious impacts are also as follows:
Anglo-Manipuri War has made the Political Identity of Manipur in confusion forever since.
This War is the War between two sovereign nations and it should not be considered as the War of few Legendary Manipuri Soldiers, it’s a people’s War against colonialism.
All Martyrs of the War should also be honored equally.
Positive impact is also significant among the Manipuris, when the generations remember and celebrate its past heroism and the act of valor shown by the legendary rulers and soldiers of the soil. Very few tiny states like Manipur is fortunate enough to have the opportunity to feel proud of their forefather and their spirit of being a free nation and to defend it with pride and honor until their last breath. Annual commemorations and celebrations of the heroes set an example to younger generations and also contribute significantly in inciting the spirit of patriotism and nationalism which will have its relevance forever.
Inception of Civil Societies Organization exclusively for Anglo-Manipuri War 1891 like Justice Committee for Anglo-Manipuri War 1891 Martyrs and Victims of Kangleipak Manipur with the objective to seek justice for the War, to recognize and develop memorial sites for various Battle fields of Anglo-Manipuri War, remember all the heroes and organize commemoration day with pride and honor is the real time impact of the war of the people of Manipur.
Anglo-Manipuri War 1891, is a Victory in defeat for we Manipuris but a big loss for the mighty British in Victory.  

CM Visits Samadhi of Maharaja Gambhir Singh

Imphal, Jan. 6

Chief Minister N. Biren Singh assessed the work progress of the ongoing construction of the statues of Meidningu Narasingh and Sana Heerachandra at the Samadhi complex of Maharaja Gambhir Singh at Langthabal in Imphal West District yesterday.
The two statues would be unveiled by the Chief Minister at the 185th Death Anniversary observation of Maharaja Gambhir Singh in the presence of Art and Culture Minister L. Jayantakumar and CAF & PD Minister Karam Shyam on January 9.
It may be mentioned that N. Biren Singh while speaking at the 184th Death Anniversary observation of Mahararaj Gambhir Singh last year announced that statues of Narasingh and Heerachandra, who took pivotal roles in reclaiming Manipur from the hands of Burmese invaders during the time of Chahi Taret Khuntakpa (Seven Years Devastation, 1819-1826), would be erected at the Samadhi complex.
Meidingu Nara Singh was the great grandson of Meidingu Pamheiba, and he is regarded as the epitome of courage, patriotism, generosity and sacrifice. He assisted his cousin Meidingu Gambhir Singh in throwing out the Burmese from Manipur in 1826, ending the Seven Years Devastation. After the death of Gambhir Singh, he acted as the regent for two-year-old Chandrakirti from 1834 to 1844. After an abortive attempt to assassinate him leading to the escape of Queen Kumudini with her son to Cachar, he became the King of Manipur in 1844.
Heerachandra, the son of King Labyanachandra was a dedicated personality of Seven Years Devastation, who tried vehemently to save the lives of common people from the clutches of the Burmese Army in Manipur by using guerrilla warfare. He was a great nationalist who tried to protect the nationalistic spirit of Manipuri people, a symbol of sacrifice for the cause of motherland and a great contributor to the process for the reconstruction of a new Manipur.

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PPP model PHC opens at Moirangpurel Imphal West

IT news
Imphal, Jan.7,

On Januray 5, Health and family Welfare minister L. Jayantakumar Singh inaugurated newly constructed Primary Health Centre, PHC Moirangpurel in Imphal East District. The PHC is the first to be operated under PPP model. Raja medicity is the partner.
Speaking at the inaugural function as chief guest Health minister L. Jayantakumar Singh said that the government has been giving due importance to boost the health sector of the state. The new trend of health services in the present context is moving toward a new direction. He said that with the rapid change and new development of the society various complex diseases come in. We need to prepare to meet the new challenges in the contemporary society, he added.
Stating the necessity to improve the health service Jayantakumar maintained that the present government has opened Health and Wellness Centres in most mental wellness of the people.Minister also appealed the doctors and nurses to maintain their professional ethics while serving the patient. The government also has opened free diagnostic centres at different District Hospitals in the interest of the poor and needy people, he added.
Speaking at the occasion as president Forest and MAHUD minister Th. Shyamkumar Singh said that the people of Moirang Purel and adjoining villages should take the benefit from the newly opened PHC. The locals should also feel the new facility as their own. Minister also assured for improvement of MDR, road from Nongdam Lamkhai to Maphou Dam before January 20th, 2019. He also assured for improvement of mobile service at Moirangpurel and surrounding areas.
The inaugural function was also attended by Ng. Uttam Singh, Director Minority Affairs, Govt. of Manipur, Dr. K. rajo Singh, Director Health Services, Dr. S. Manikanta Singh, Director, State Mission, NHM, Rajen Haobijam, Managing Director, Raj Medicity, Imphal and Th. Babita Devi, Social Worker as guest of honours respectively.
It may be mentioned that Moirang Purel PHC is constructed by DRDA, Imphal East under the financial assistance from Ministry of Minority Affairs, Govt. of India which is implemented by Directorate of Minority Affairs, Govt. of Manipur.  There is a proposal to opened PHC which  will be as a PPP model between Manipur Government and Raj Medicity.

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