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Wednesday, 30 October 2019 - Imphal Times

Investors of Salai Holding Private Ltd. express apprehension of losing their hard earned money

IT News

Imphal, Oct 30

Even as the Board of Directors of the Salai Holding Private Ltd. had announced rustication of their founder Director Narengbam Samarjit from the list of the board of directors in a hurriedly convened press meet held today morning, many investors in the Salai Holding private Ltd are now apprehensive of losing their hard earned money which they had invested to the firm.

Special Crime Branch of the state police have been directed to grill and investigate activities of the Salai Holding Private Ltd. and all its subsidiary units after the Founder Director Narengbam Samarjit announced a liberated Manipur with an exile government based in London, which was carried in almost all international print and electronic media yesterday. A case for waging war against the state has been registered against him and his co-partner Yambem Biren at Lamphel Police station. Taking the matter seriously Chief Minister N. Biren Singh had personally convened a press conference today and said that the two persons had waged war against the state and for that punitive action will be taken against the two after investigation by the Special crime branch of the state police and will be handed over to the National Investigative agencies as they have given such statement from a place in London.

According to an investors of the Salai Hoding Private Ltd. he have no worry about his income till yesterday as he use to get regular share , i.e. 3% of the amount he invested. But since yesterday evening after getting the news of his announcement he cannot sleep properly as he had invested all his hard earned money to the company.

Source said that there are some investors who may face music from the income tax department if the amount that they have invested are revealed, as it will reflect improper accumulation of wealth. These people are mostly government employees like engineers, doctors and bureaucrats officers. If NIA takes the case the matter may be associated with the Enforcement Directorate (ED).     

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Hope Modi With His Dynamism And Charisma Will Be Able To Resolve Naga Political Issue Once And For All

By Oken Jeet Sandham

“I assure you that we will always be sensitive to the needs and concerns of the people of Nagaland, as also of the people of other North-Eastern States. Similarly, the people belonging to each State, and each ethnic group, in the North-East should be sensitive to the needs and concerns of their neighbors. Let us leave behind all the unfortunate things that happened in the past. For too long this fair land has been scarred and seared by violence. It has been bled by the orgy of the killings of human beings by human beings.  Each death pains me. Each death diminishes us. My Government has been doing everything possible to stop this bloodshed so that we can together inaugurate a new era of peace, development, and prosperity in Nagaland.”

— Prime Minister Atal Behari Vajpayee said while attending the “First Convocation of Nagaland University” on October 28, 2003, at the Central Secretariat Plaza, Kohima.

____________________________________________

The Narendra Modi Government had not announced the timing and the venue to clinch the “Framework Agreement” with NSCN (IM). Everyone was caught napping when they announced the agreement with the group on August 3, 2015, in Delhi.

However, some political pundits and media specialists in the Region particularly in Nagaland and Manipur got wind of the Center’s planning to enter into some type of “Agreement” with NSCN (IM) at any time. It happened on August 3, 2015.

Buoyed by the successful agreement with NSCN (IM), Modi announced that with it, the Government hoped to open the NE to development. The India-Thailand trilateral highway has been held hostage to a number of violent incidents.

In the 10-year UPA regime, Prime Minister Dr. Manmohan Singh and NSCN (IM) had really narrowed down their differences. They could manage to remove political glitches. This is, without a doubt, a big achievement on their parts.

Out of 16 years of peace process till 2013, the UPA Governments had been dealing with the Naga underground leaders for 10 years. Dr. Singh used to say that the solution to the protracted Naga issue would be arrived at during his tenure. It was, certainly, a welcome gesture. But in reality, since the nature of the process is political and when the political stability is not there, no political talks can be safely held whatever the case may be. And the political instability in the Congress-led UPA Government had increased in their second tenure while their allies were heaping all the blames of the political crisis on the weak leadership of the Government.

Yet, one should keep in mind that the UPA Government was a coalition one and the majority Congress alone could not take any political decision such as the Naga issue without the consent of their allies. Besides, the issue needs debating on the Floor of Parliament while consulting the respective Chief Ministers of the NE States, and because of this complicated process, a strong political will with a stable Government at the center is needed.

Look at the following sequence of the political events that had taken place since the Naga Club submitted a Memorandum to the British Statutory Commission in 1929.

  1. The Naga Club’s submission of a “Memorandum” to the British Statutory Commission popularly called the Simon Commission on January 10, 1929.
  2. The Naga-Akbar Hydari Accord, 1947 popularly knowns as “9-Point Hydari Agreement of 1947.
  3. The NNC’s declaration of “Naga Independence Day” on the 14th of August 1947.
  4. The NNC’s conduct of the “Plebiscite” in 1951.
  5. The 16-Point Agreement of 1960
  6. The Government of India’s First Ceasefire Agreement with NNC/FGN in 1964.
  7. The Shillong Accord of 1975.
  8. Prime Minister PV Narasimha Rao had a secret meeting with the collective leadership of NSCN (IM) on 12 June 1995 in Paris.
  9. Prime Minister Narasimha Rao also declared that the Naga issue was political and hence, it should be solved politically.
  10. Rajesh Pilot met NSCN (IM) leaders at Bangkok in 1996 and held talks with them.
  11. Prime Minister HD Deve Gowda met NSCN (IM) on 3 February 1997 in Zurich.
  12. Prime Minister HD Deve Gowda also visited Kohima in 1996 and disclosed about his mind towards the Naga issue.
  13. The Government of India declared the Ceasefire Agreement with NSCN (IM) on July 25, 1997.
  14. Prime Minister IK Gujral made an announcement on the Floor of Parliament on July 25, 1997, about his Government’s inking a historic Ceasefire Agreement with NSCN (IM).
  15. Chief Minister SC Jamir while welcoming the accord announced simultaneously the Suspension of Operation (SoO) against the NSCN (IM) on July 25, 1997.
  16. Prime Minister Atal Behari Vajpayee along with Swaraj Kausal, Interlocutor, met NSCN (IM) leaders in Parish in 1998.
  17. The Government of India declared Ceasefire Agreement with NSCN (K) on April 28, 2001.
  18. For the record, Prime Minister Vajpayee again met NSCN (IM) leaders in Osaka in December 2001.
  19. Prime Minister Vajpayee visited Nagaland on 28 October 2003 and made a historic announcement of the “unique history” of the Naga people.
  20. The Government of India signed a Framework Agreement with NSCN (IM) on August 3, 2015.
  21. The Government of India signed the “Agreed Position” with the WC of NNPGs on November 17, 2017.

When Modi announced his desire to conclude the Naga talks in three months and its deadline comes to end on 31st of October 2019, we only remember the previous Prime Ministers, Interlocutors, media personnel, bureaucrats, writers, leaders of various civil societies, and politicians who had played their roles in shaping the process to reach the logical conclusion. In fact, it is a teamwork that has been shaping the process to reach the final stage.

So many leaders – be it politicians or bureaucrats or leaders of civil societies or writers – had played their important and positive roles over the years preventing the fragile Naga peace process from collapsing at many stages.   The issue became sometimes threatening to the ethnic diversities of the NE people who have been, otherwise, living so peacefully since time immemorial. This unprecedented threat to the ethnic diversities of the NE people has actually forced the Region’s intellectuals, academics, writers and leaders of civil societies to go deeper analysis of the process. It is not an easy task convincing the leaderships of various groups to come down from their earlier stands to certain level. These leaders should be credited for it.

Now, the hectic political parleys between the Interlocutor and NSCN (IM) and also NNPGs are going on at Delhi to wrap it up before the deadline ends. Though the Interlocutor and NSCN (IM) are at loggerheads on the issue of a separate Naga Flag and constitution, it is hoped that they will be able to sail through. As far as the WC of NNPGgs is concerned, they are ready to sign the final accord with the Government of India and they have already laid out their points to be agreed upon.

Fighting failure is different from making a failure. In our present situation, we all are making failures, not fighting failures and then indulging in playing the blame games for the failures. It should no longer be seen as a lair is lecturing and believers are listening. The biggest problem we have is that these believers continue to clap happily as liars raising their voices. There should be no more political rhetoric on finding a solution to the Naga political problem. Let us stop playing any more rhetoric and gimmicks for a narrow political mileage. We should no longer design any political language to lie. We need big hearts for big political concessions.

We sincerely believe that Modi, with his dynamism and charisma as the Prime Minister, will be able to resolve this longstanding Naga political issue once and for all. He must also remember what Vajpayee said: “I assure you that we will always be sensitive to the needs and concerns of the people of Nagaland, as also of the people of other North-Eastern States. Similarly, the people belonging to each State, and each ethnic group, in the North-east should be sensitive to the needs and concerns of their neighbors.”

Manipur Government refutes

IT News

Imphal, Oct 30

Refuting the news report appearing in this newspaper on October 28 edition, spokesperson of the Government of Manipur , Th. Radheshyam, who is also the Education Minister had stated that ‘no such recommendation has been sent to the Government of India’ so far.  In a telephonic conversation last evening he said that until and unless there is a consensus among all the ethnic people of the state and that too under the constitution of India in addition to the safeguarding of the political entity and territorial boundary of the state, the government will never act. A decision if suppose to be taken for the welfare of the state will be a decision agreed by all communities of the state. This government is for the entire people and will never act things that may hurt the sentiment of any single community of the state.

Regarding the proposed deadline for signing of a final settlement between the NSCN-IM and NNPGs scheduled on October 31 as reported in media, the spokesperson of the state government said that nothing regarding the agreement has been made known to the Government of Manipur as the Prime Minister as well as the Home Minister had assured that the territorial boundary of all neigbouring states of Nagaland will not be disturbed.

“This government well understands the conflicting ideas among various civil society bodies of the state. And how could one assumed such a mistake to have been committed by this government”, a slightly angry but convincing tone from the Education Minister while talking to this journalist.

Once more we assured that the Government of India will not disturbed the boundary of the state neither will hurt the sentiment of the people while settling the problem of Naga issues, Radheshyam said.

Regarding the recommendation paper that Imphal Times have procured, Radheshyam said that, as already told, many CSOs from both Hill and plain area have submitted memorandums enclosing draft proposal about the idea of Manipur in the name of the State Government.

Those are not the decision of the government; those may be with the government but not government’s decision. As of now the government has not sent any such recommendation to the center, Radheshyam added.

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Why the investors of Salai Holding Private Ltd. are apprehensive?

IT News

Imphal, Oct 30

As reported in various International media Yamben Biren and Narengbam Samarjit who claimed as representatives of State of Manipur’s King Leishemba Sanajaoba announced before media in London that they were speaking on behalf of the Maharaja of Manipur His Highness Leishemba Sanajaoba to formally launch the exiled government – the Manipur State Council. The exiled government will be based in Central London. They produced a document showing that His Highness the Maharaja of Manipur had authorised them by the Order No. 12 of 2013 dated the March 15, 2013 to solve the political problems of the State of Manipur. Both of them confirmed that they have already sought asylum in the United Kingdom in September 2019, fleeing persecution and repression by the Indian state as declaring independence in India would have led them to being arrested and killed arbitrarily by the Indian security forces.

Whatever statement they had announced is waging of war against the Government of India and following that all activities have to be put on hold. Moreover the titular king of Manipur Leishemba Sanajaoba in a press meet had stated that he had no idea of what Narengbam Samarjit had announced. He said that they only came for getting recognition as representative of the King for collection of historical materials from the British Museum.

As reported in foreign media Samarjit and Biren was quoted as saying “We believe that now is the right time to make public the Independent Government of Manipur before the international community to announce our independent status and to seek recognition. We call on all the Governments of the sovereign states of the members of the United Nations for their recognition of the de jure and exile Government of the Manipur from today onwards. The three million Manipuri people want recognition as one of the precious native nations. Our attempts to engage with the Indian govt were met with hate and hostilities.” This statement is a direct threat to the Government of India.

They declared: “The Manipur State Council is His Highness’s Government, the Maharaja of Manipur Leishemba Sanajaoba who is the Maharaja/King of Manipur. His Highness is the constitutional head of the State. Manipur is a constitutional Monarchy ruled State and the sovereign of the King of Manipur is Divine of God.”

They said that Manipur is being ruled through draconian laws by the Indian occupation government “under the Republic Constitution of India including Arms Forces (Special Powers) Act 1958”.They said that thousands of people have been killed since the occupation of Manipur. Nearly 4500 have been killed unlawfully in the last 10 years and more than 1500 are in prisons in illegal custody. The total loss of life stands at around 15,000 in the last few decades, they said referring to a BBC report which had unearthed the scale of unlawful killings and human rights violations. They said: “There are more than 1,528 cases of the extra-judicial killing which are pending in the Supreme Court of India. They victim were killed without trial of law. Indian army forces kill the people of Manipur with impunity. The Manipuri human right activist Irom Charu Sharmila, known as the ‘Iron Lady of Manipur’, started protest fasting for 16 years against the controversial Armed Forces (Special Powers) Act and human rights abuses. The brave women of Manipur staged nude protests in front of the Indian Army centres to condemn inhuman torture and killing of innocent people of Manipur.”

The state of Manipur is a de jure government formed in Manipur under the Manipur State Constitution Act 1947. It received independence from the British Raj on 14th August 1947.They said that the sovereign State of Manipur was excluded from India [Indian Empire] by the Order in Council by His Majesty on 27 December 1946 and the Indian Government annexed Manipur State of India by violation of the Act 1949.They said they believed in obtaining our objectives through peaceful and democratic means. There are many armed groups fighting the Indian forces for the restoration of independence of Manipur from India, they said, giving a long list of their demands including the rights of tribal people, removal of Indian forces from their land and restoration of sovereignty.

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NSCN-IM, NNPGs and GoI continue talk for the third consecutive day

IT News

New Delhi, Oct 30

With time ticking fast, hectic parleys continued for the third consecutive day to find a lasting solution to the decades old insurgency problem in Nagaland with the Centre’s interlocutor and Governor R N Ravi holding separate talks with the NSCN (IM) and a conglomerate of seven organisations, NNPG, officials said.

The first session of meeting between the Government of India and the NSCN-IM has ended today as reported by Northeast Live Web Desk. The report said that both the parties will be sitting for the second session of the meet later today. The meeting comes after the round of talks ended on an inconclusive note on Tuesday.

Today’s meeting is the third meet between both the sides in a span of three days. Both sides are looking to come at a consensus on the key issues of a separate flag and constitution before tomorrow’s deadline.

As per sources, a 15-member delegation of the NSCN-IM led by its General Secretary Th Muivah is conducting the talks with Nagaland Governor and central interlocutor RN Ravi. Both the NSCN-IM and the Government of India have so far refused to budge from their respective stands on the separate flag and constitution issue.

The dialogues were convened in Delhi in a bid to iron out differences, particularly on the NSCN (IM)’s demands for a separate flag and Constitution for the Nagas that have already been rejected by the Centre.

NNPG ready to sign final pact

On the other hand, the meeting between the Working Committee, Naga National Political Groups (NNPG) and Interlocutor, RN Ravi Tuesday morning in New Delhi ended positively with the NNPG willing to sign the final pact.

Since all issues on the NNPG’s part have been resolved, they are willing to sign the final pact any day, sources said.

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Kukis staged a mass rally to keep their land intact

IT News

Tengnoupal, Oct 30

People of Tengnoupal staged a mass rally demanding the protection of their land as the conclusion of the Indo-Naga peace talk approaches. People chanted slogans stating that the Government of India should not involve the Kuki-inhabited lands in their final verdict of the Naga peace talk and demanding Kuki Homeland, and submitted a memorandum to the DC, Tengnoupal. They also demanded for a Kuki Territorial Council for their protection and well-being. Tengnoupal District Headquarters Kuki Chief’s Association, Tengnoupal District, started the mass people’s rally from Tengnoupal Community Hall in association with various Civil Society Organisations (CSO) and went till the DC Tengnoupal complex. People from different walks of life participated in the mass rally chanted various slogans and carried placards that read “ No favour to one community at the expense of other communities,” “We condemn the GOI divisive & discriminatory policy,” “Framework Agreement should not infringe upon the Kuki inhabited land & political interest,” “No solution without consulting stake holders,” “Justice for the innocent civilian victims in the hands of NSCN(IM),” “Is GoI the mastermind of Kuki genocide, if not, why are they silent?” Various other such mass rallies were also staged by the people in Sadar Hills, Kangpokpi, and Churachandpur against the divisive policy of GoI regarding the Indo-Naga peace talk to protect their land and integrity.

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A clandestine announcement or does it have another purpose

An announcement made by two persons from the state of Manipur claiming to be representatives of the King Leishemba Sanajaoba regarding the formation of an exile government separated from India during a press conference held at London took everyone by surprise. The two persons – Yambem Biren who introduced themselves as the Chief Minister of Manipur state council and Narengbam Samarjit Minister of External Affairs and Defence of Manipur State Council, under the King of Manipur, was however, clarified by the titular King Leishemba Sanajaoba as false and fabricated. “They came to me seeking authorization for collection of historical elements and records from the British government and I simply said yes and signed and authorization as it is a good work, but I had no idea of what they have announced”, Leishemba clarified soon after the news went viral.
Interestingly, the duo reportedly produced a document showing that His Highness the Maharaja of Manipur had authorised them by the Order No. 12 of 2013 dated the March 15, 2013 to solve the political problems of the State of Manipur.
 What is more interesting is that Narengbam Samarjit who claimed to be Minister of External Affairs and Defence of Manipur State Council headed by the King of Manipur is also a convenor of a political party called NEIDP and had a field candidate in the recent Lok Sabha Election in the Inner Manipur Parliamentary constituency. He is not only the convenor of the Political Party but also a business giant who run banking business, marketing, industries among others. Thousands of Manipuri people have trusted his firm called Salai Pvt. Ltd. who gave 3% interest every month to whoever had invested to his company. The banking firm he runs reportedly is registered under the Bombay Money Laundering Act. Unofficial report said that as many as 800 people are being employed at his firm. Many high profile politicians including former MLAs are now members of the political party he established and lead. During last Lok Sabha Election, unofficial source said that the candidate he field was financed by him from his firm. Many people wander how he was able to earn so much money within such a short span and the answer for that from his near and dear one is that – they come from foreign country. To someone who does not understand how foreign fund are invested to NGOs or Bankers, they may have believed , but to those who knows little about how to get foreign funding, the kind of story his associate gave was a total lei. No foreign funding come directly to the NGO by skipping the government of India and also the government of the state.
It is at the juncture when people started talking about legitimacy in the modus operandi of Salai Pvt Ltd  or the SMART society which gave 3% interest to every investor every month, that Narengbam Samarjit announced the controversial statement of running an exile government that too from Central London.
The kind of attention he drew was in one way appreciative as he is perhaps the only person who tells the history and the reality of the erstwhile kingdom to the world platform. Whatever, he told in front of the international media are all facts and that Manipur’s territorial entity and its history has been let known to the world. The conflict between India and Manipur is a long pending issue. Since the time India annexed Manipur there has been movement from armed rebel groups for restoration of the freedom of the erstwhile kingdom. The Government of India till today has never spell any words regarding the conflict.  If Samerjit succeed in getting recognition about the existence of an exile government of Manipur by the United Nation it will perhaps get noticed from the world community. But then people still have to wait and watch what will be the outcome of his announcement of an exile government of Manipur.

Food Wastage & its Impacts

Food waste or food loss is food that is discarded or lost uneaten. The cause of food waste or loss is numerous and occurs at the stages of producing, processing, retelling and consuming. Global food loss and waste amount to between one third and half of all food produced. Loss and wastage occurs at all stages of the food supply chain or value chain. In low –income countries, most loss occur during production, while in developed countries much food – about 100kg per persons per year is wasted at the consumption stage. Causes of food waste may be due to poor farmers harvest crops too early in response to a lack of food and money, minimal farming technology such as plows, tractors and pesticides, inadequate market system, markets are often small, overcrowded, unsanitary and lack of proper cooling equipment for fresh produce, meat and fish spoil in hot climates due to lack of proper transportation. On the other hand in the developed countries the causes of food loss are due to  farmers produce excess food out of anticipation of poor weather or pest attacks, supermarkets have appearance quality standards as edible foods may be rejected by supermarkets due to crops not being favorable in terms of weight, size or supermarkets display large quantities of products that reach their sell before being sold, bulk sized packaging ,large portion meals in restaurants, the attitude that disposing is cheaper than using or re-using, households buy more food than needed.

When food is disposed in a landfill, it rots and becomes a significant source of Methane- a potent greenhouse gas with 21 times the global warming potential of carbon dioxide. Growing and transporting the food that goes to waste emits as much carbon pollutants as 39 million passenger vehicles. When we waste food, we’re not just wasting food; we’re also wasting all the resources that went into growing it. A report by the NRDC, food waste ends up wasting nearly a quarter of our water supply in the form of uneaten food or over 172 billion dollars in waste water. Each, year, asa country we spend over 220 billion dollars, growing, transporting and processing but almost 70 million tons of food that we cultivate ends up going to waste. If the land we cultivate, growing food that goes to waste in US were all in one place, it would over more than 3/4th  of California. Growing food that goes to waste ends up 21% of our fresh water, 19% of our fertilizer, 18% of our cropland and 21% of our landfill volume. This comes with a heavy carbon footprint as well. The Global food system is responsible for upto 1/3rdof all human caused greenhouse gas emissions, makinglargest contributors to climate change, according to the Consultative Group on International Agriculture Research. The fact that we carelessly waste 40% of our food in the US and 33% globally means there is huge potential to reduce our Environmental footprint. Big picture energy and transportation tend to be the face of climate change but with food’s impact arguably larger it definitely deserves more of a focus. Reducing food waste is environmentally important as it keeps food out of landfills. It makes economic sense at the small scale by lowering household food bills and at the large scale by reducing disposal costs for restaurants, processors and farmers. In fact food wastage gives a big impact on climate, water, land and Bio-diversity. Wasting 1.3 billion tons of food causes huge economic losses and a lot of human life, also there are climate as well as environmental issues deeply connected to food waste, according to a report from UN’s Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO).

        Over 240 million slices of bread are chucked away every year, around 5.9 million glasses of milk are poured down the sink every year but it’s so easy to use it up, we discard 5.8 million potatoes each year, a staggering 1.3 million apples are thrown away each year. India waste Rs244 corer worth of food a day (Economic Times: June 8-2018). 18% of India’s fruit & vegetables production, valued at Rs13, 300 corers is wasted annually, according to Emerson Climate Technology India. According to FAO estimates in The State of Food Security & Nutrition in the World, 2018 report195.9 million people are undernourished in India. By this measure, 14.8% of the population is undernourished in India. Also 51.4% of women in reproductive age between 15 to 49 years are anemic. 1/3rd of the World’s hungry live in India.836 million Indians survive on less than Rs20/ a day. Over 20 corers Indian will sleep hungry everynight.10 million people die every year of chronic hunger and hunger related diseases. India has a significant proportion of women and children who are malnourished-the causes are manifold. In every minute of every day four children die of hunger in India. Over 7000 Indians die of hunger everyday .Over 25 lakh Indian die of hunger every year. The number of hunger people in India is always more than the number of people below official poverty line. The main cause of hunger Worldwide is poverty. Millions of people around the World are simply too poor to be enable to buy food. They also lack the resources to grow their own food, such as arable land and the means to harvest, process and store food. 25,000 people lose their lives every day as a result of hunger. That adds upto roughly 9.1 million people die of starvation each year according to FAO.

While India has been impressive in economic growth in recent year, the country still struggles with widespread poverty and hunger. India’s poor population amounts to more than 300 million people, with almost 30% of India’s rural population living in poverty. China, unlike India does not produce enough food for its population. While India does produce enough food, it is terribly callous about storage, wastage, distribution and mass affordability. Hunger exists in India because people cannot access the food, according to Global Hunger Index report. The national Food Security Act 2013(also known as Right to Food Act) is an Act of the Parliament of India which aims subsidized food grains to approximately 2/3rd of India’s 1.2 billion people; however it is still a Tiger on the Paper. India is home to 270 million hungry people, the highest in the World. India stands 97th in Oxfam’s Food Availability Index and 103rd in the 2018 Global Hunger Index.

Coming down to our state Manipur, we are facing an acute impact of Scarcity of food grains. The recent buzz in media about PDS under NFSA shows the clarity of the situation. The areas of arable land are reducing at a very high speed in the name of development &industrialization, which is a known fact. Last year’s flood as well as scarcity of water during the need hour of rice plants, reduced rice production drastically causing hike in the price of local rice at Rs50/- per kg now. The problem will be much grimmer in next year as no rain now for the cultivation of rice. At the same time we are still continuing the habit of spoiling foods during UTSAV,MANGANI CHAKOUBA, NAHUTPA,YEIGYA and many other social gathering & party, the result for which has been mentioned above. Again, little agricultural products of our poor farmers like vegetables, fruits etc. are also gone waste most of the time as there is not a single Cold storage in our state to store these products during peak time for using in lean period. Another pathetic situation faced by our poor farmers is that there is no proper market/ price regulation, resulting heavy losses due to regular and frequent price fluctuation of vegetable products. However we can reduce the wastage of food and hunger if-(i) we initiate more food collection drive (ii) Urban farming (iii) sustainable farming (iv)Government intervention honestly (v)birth control (vi) access to credit (vii) access to education. Now, it’s concerned for every citizen to think over the issue of food wastage and its effect in a wider spectrum before it is too late.

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Being Vegetarian can fight Climate Change

By : N. Munal Meitei

In Manipur when ocularly survey the number of vegetarian population, it is really very poor. In hill districts the number is again almost negligible. The elders when counted are mostly vegetarians due to the religions or the physiological cause. But on worldwide condition, being vegetarian has become a popular lifestyle. The difference between vegetarians and vegans is that vegetarians don’t eat any animal flesh (beef, chicken, fish, etc.), but vegans go further, and don’t take anything that comes from an animal (egg, dairy, leather, fur, etc.).World Vegetarian Day is observed on 1st October and World Vegan Day is celebrated on 1st November every year.
It is certain that being vegetarians will make the world a better place not only for animals, but for our health and the environment too. It is a change from an unhealthy to a healthy habit and diet. To become vegetarian lifestyle is the ethical, environmental, health, and humanitarian benefits.
During March 2019, we went to a village in Tengnoupal district (name of the village concealed) for an awareness program on wildlife conservation. When we reach the village, they were having a joint customary village feast. The sad part came when we knew that there was a hunting for the feast on the previous day and a hind was killed. But the saddest part was when it was told that the hind was also a pregnant one. Such is the reality in our hills.In the name of customary, it happened in all the hill villages. Therefore, sorry to say that in our state not much is expected with my article for becoming vegetarian. But, we have to stand for the truth and the future.
Being vegetarian will surely help to combat climate change and reduce further damages to the natural world.  The climate crisis is the biggest threat to life on our planet.It may be hard to define a diet that linked health and environmental outcomes but a vegetarian has something to reveal. Apart from global warming, loss of biodiversity is the other major global environmental problem. Such loss is closely linked to the conversion of natural habitats, such as tropical rainforest being cleared for agricultural and farm lands. The world’s forests and other natural habitats are also important carbon sinks.
Being vegetarian will help to create a better world because vegetarian diet have proven health benefits, save animals’ lives and help to preserve the earth.It reduces the risk of major killers such as heart disease, diabetes, stroke and cancer while cutting the food borne pathogens. Being vegetarian provide a viable answer to feed the world’s hungry through more efficient use of grains and other crops. It saves animals from suffering, the pain and terror of slaughter. It also conserves vital but limited freshwater, fertile topsoil and other precious resources. Being vegetarian preserves irreplaceable ecosystems such as rainforests and other wildlife habitats. It also decreases greenhouse gases that are accelerating global warming and mitigate the ever-expanding environmental pollution of animal farming.
Vegetarian food is a balance diet for healthy and sustainable choices that includes diets of nutritional requirements but reducing the environmental footprint.These are the diets that are good for both people and planet.
In the world, 20% of total direct carbon emissions are from food and agriculture. The land-use pattern change may rises up to 30%. Around 70% of all fresh water available is used for agricultural irrigation, which in many cases has a major impact on water quality. Ever expanding agriculture to feed the flooding population is the most significant cause of deforestation – and hence loss of biodiversity – around the world. What we eat and how it is produced have consequences for the whole planet. By changing our diets and by improving production efficiency in the food system, we can make a major change to our environment. Changes in the food system will be a part of the solution, and being vegetarians will have contribution to our economy. One of the most effective ways to care for the planet is to change what we eat and eat to save the earth.
The global meat and dairy industry is responsible for as much greenhouse gases as all the direct emissions from all global transportation combined. Greenhouse gases are driving the climate crisis - the biggest threat to the future of our planet. You can reduce your food-related carbon footprint by up to 50% if you go with vegetarian and vegan. Animal farming is destroying our environment. It causes up to 91% of Amazon deforestation. Growing vegetarian food uses 50% less land than animal agriculture. And a meat and dairy diet is inherently wasteful. Remember that for every 100 calories fed to animals, we receive back only 12 calories by consuming their flesh and milk. Feeding crops to people rather than farmed animals could feed three billion more people. With this, I don’t mean, not to rear animals but not to eat animals.
The diet replacers from meat may be such as soy, legumes, nuts and oil seeds, and vegetables fats and oils. Meats have a high carbon footprint primarily due to the enteric fermentation in the gut, leading to methane emissions. It’s also important to remember that every change on our daily meals has the real-impact and consequences in this complex world. So while reducing meat consumption means less grassland is needed for pasture and less cropland is needed to grow animal feed, which in turn will have more cropland for more food production.
The plant-based foods are required not only for climate change mitigation but for public health too.The net zero emission is only possible via a shift towards plant-based diets because the production of meat, dairy and eggs generate much higher levels of greenhouse emissions.
Some peoples think that becoming a vegetarian could be too much of a challenge and have to spend much time and labour to the family while changing the lifestyle and also worried about finding the vegetarian food options.But according to many acclaimed vegetarians, the vegetarians’ lifestyle is always beneficial for the health of the human beings, and it fosters environmental protection as well as save the animal lives. Being vegetarian also can lead to reduction in carbon emissions from the food chains.
Hence please, don’t eat anything that had a mom and don’t buy anything with fur, leather, wool, down, or silk and also cosmetics with animal products in them. Don’t attend events that use animals as entertainment such as the zoo, circus, rodeo, or animal rides where horses, donkeys, elephants, etc. are used.
Therefore to be vegetarians have the best option in the brighter side to save the environment and the future. The government also should encourage adopting the plant-based diet, implementing policies for public sector institutions such as schools, hospitals and caring homes to offer for vegetarian meals.Eat as a vegetarian for a week and taste the future and then you will be doing something for the Planet. This will surely save the climate change and lead to a healthy, sustainable live, that’s good for people and the future generation.
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