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World Mental Health Day and our Environment

by Rinku Khumukcham
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By: N. Munal Meitei
World Mental Health Day is observed on 10th October with this year’s theme, “Make mental health for all a global priority”. The difference between physical health and mental health is physical health is only the condition of the body, while mental health is a general state of wellbeing. Mental health includes our emotional, psychological and social wellbeing in every stage of life. Nature is vital in keeping us emotionally, psychologically and physically healthy.
Individuals with mental disorders have a decreased life expectancy of 10–15 years in comparison with the general population. Around 20% of the world children and adolescents have mental health condition with suicide, the second leading cause of death among 15-29 years. Every 40 seconds, a person dies by suicide. Mental health also impacts on issues such as alcohol, drug-abuse and social violence.
More than 19.86% of adults are experiencing a mental illness, 4.91% with severe symptoms. Mental health problems have negative impacts on poverty, employment, safety, health cost, succeed in schools and community & family disruption. One of the possible factor for rising mental illness could be increasing use of social medias. Mental health is now not a personal problem but a social problem. WHO states, mental health and human rights are integral and inter dependence.
To ensure a better mental health, we need to optimise timely intervention, prevention and promotion of good mental health opportunities at the time of onset of mental disorders. In India, 10% of our population suffered from one or more mental health problems. According to WHO, India accounted the burden for nearly 15% of the global mental, neurological and substance abuse disorder. A meta-analysis of community survey estimates, in India the prevalence of depression and anxiety could be up to 33 per 1,000 persons. 
In the country, with a meager 5000 psychiatrists and less than 2000 clinical psychologists, the treatment gap is highest for the 1.36 billion population which has left 70-90% of people without mental illness treatment. The ratio of psychiatrists in developed countries is 6.6 per 100,000 and the average number of mental hospitals globally is 0.04 per 100,000 persons, compared to 0.004 in India. Poor awareness of mental health symptoms, social stigma and lack of adequate resources and facilities, stop people from getting the help they need. Also, mental health services are highly inaccessible and up to 40% of patients must travel more than 10km to reach the first available service at the district headquarters.
It’s a fact, people who get less connecting with nature are most at risk of mental health problems. Climate change has the psychological impacts on human mental health and well-being. Rising temperatures can fuel mood and anxiety disorders, depression, behaviors, schizophrenia and vascular dementia and can increase the suicide rates, according to reports. Our health and well-being are inextricably linked to our natural environment. IPCC warns as our planet continues to warm, billions of people around the world will experience worsening physical and mental health.
Spending time in nature is found to reduce with mental health problems which is endorsed by the research work in ecotherapy. Being outside in natural light is found helpful from seasonal affective disorder, a type of depression that affects people during particular seasons or times of year. Research reveals that environments can increase or reduce our stress, which in turn impacts our bodies. What we are seeing, hearing, experiencing at any moment is changing not only our mood, but how our nervous, endocrine, and immune systems are working.
The stress of an unpleasant environment can cause us to feel anxious, or sad, or helpless. This in turn elevates our blood pressure, heart rate and muscle tension and suppresses our immune system.
Being in nature, or even viewing scenes of nature, reduces anger, fear and stress and increases pleasant feelings. Exposure to nature not only makes us feel better emotionally, it contributes to our physical wellbeing, reducing blood pressure, heart rate, muscle tension and the production of stress hormones.
Plants help to take away some of the anxiety and tension of life. We know that viewing plants, flowers, water and other nature elements reduces people anxiety. Research done in hospitals, offices and schools has found that even a simple plant in a room can have a significant impact on stress and anxiety.
Anger slew anxiety and depression which are two of the most common mental health concerns in our society. In addition, nature helps us cope with pain because we are genetically programmed to absorb by nature scenes and distracted from our pain and discomfort. In Andrea Taylor’s research on children shows that time spent in nature increases their attention span later.
The Mayo Clinic recommends limiting children’s exposure to screens—including computers, television, mobiles and video games—to two hours per day can have serious consequences, including obesity, behavioral changes, irregular sleep, violent tendencies, poor academic performance and dampened creativity.
Many studies show that after a stressful event, images of nature very quickly produce a calming effect. Within three to four minutes after viewing natural scenes, blood pressure, respiration rate, brain activity and the production of stress hormones all decrease and mood improves. This again has an evolutionary advantage because it allows us to recuperate and recover our energy quickly.
According to health.harvard.edu, having a pet as a companion can reduce cholesterol and triglyceride levels and lower blood pressure, depression, and anxiety on individuals and help children and the elderly with mental health problems. Science has now identified that stress shortens our telomeres, the “end caps” of our DNA strands, which causes us to age more quickly.
It’s true, our all solutions are in nature. Clean air, water, plants and food supplies are essential for our personal health and wellbeing. The relationship between the environment and humanity is one of interdependence—each affects the other. Therefore, on the coming World Mental Health Day, let’s protect and conserve our environment for a better mental health and wellbeing of our future generations.
 (The author is a Environmentalist, email- [email protected])

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