Sunday, 15 September 2019 - Imphal Times

IT News
Imphal, Sept. 15
Governor of Manipur Dr. Najma Heptulla announced that State will host the United Nations International Conference to discuss the issues related to drug menace, HIV/AIDS problems in the region on 30th September- 1st October, 2019. She made such announcement at the 13th Foundation Day Celebration of the Manipur State Commission for Women held at Hotel Imphal today.
Speaking as Chief Guest of the function, Governor said that delegates from around seven countries would be participating at the International Conference. Governor urged the Chief Minister, Manipur to invite the Home Ministers of all the NorthEastern States to the Conference so that we can have a comprehensive policy to deal with such issues in the region.
Mentioning that atrocities like molesting, gang-rape, sexual assault have been alarmingly increasing in the State in the last few years, she stated that all stakeholders belonging to different cross sections of the society are fighting as one to set right the wrongs against women.    She opined that women also suffer from other debilitating challenges which put them at a serious disadvantage. HIV/AIDS infected mothers, sisters, widows and orphans are soft targets for social stigma and discrimination and various forms of related human rights violations, she added.
She stated that many women specific and women related legislations to protect women against social discrimination, violence and atrocities etc. have been enacted. However, the full implementation of such laws is still hindered or delayed due to lack of awareness of the existence of such legislations.
She urged the Commission to explore the ways and means on how to eliminate all man-made social aberrations and means to prevent all crimes against women with the help of Law Enforcing Agencies of the State.  The Commission may also take up the issue of non-implementation of laws enacted to provide protection and also persevere to achieve the objectives of equality and development of women, she added.
Speaking at the gathering, Chief Minister said that women of the State are at the forefront in various fields including sports. Highlighting that the State government has introduced many welfare schemes for women and is focussed on women empowerment in the State, he stated that the present government is committed to uplift the lives of the women and encouraging women to live with dignity in the State. Several women are being given key positions in various departments including DCs and SPs in the State, he added.
Under the Beti Bachao Beti Padhao campaign initiated by Prime Minister Narendra Modi, the State government is giving special priority for girl students in educational institutions. Women markets have been constructed in the hill districts of the State, he added. He stated that a Fast Track Court to deal Crimes against Women has been established to accelerate delivery of justice. Women Police Stations have been established in various districts of the State, he added.
Stating that rampant drug menace and alcoholism has huge adverse impact in our society, Chief Minister appealed the mothers and women of the State to fight united to root out such problems from the State.
The dignitaries released a newsletter titled “Women News Horizon- Vol-III” during the function.
Member of National Commission for Women Soso Shaiza, Chairperson of Manipur State Commission for Women Prof. Binota Meinam, former Chairpersons and members of Manipur State Commission for Women and others attended the function.

Published in News

IT News

Imphal, Sept. 15

Realities that have been concealing from the general public have been finally made public by a social researchers SerioTondan Kom. In a meeting with media persons at Manipur Press Club, Kom said that the state government still fails to send utilization certificate for a total of Rs. 6077.96 crore rupees for the year starting from 2008 to 2018.

“As per the official documents the state government still is yet submit utilization certificate for a sum of Rs. 2, 669.41 for Rural development and Panchayati Raj (RD & PR) for 2008-09 to 2017-18”, SerioTondan Kom said to reporters.

He said that that as per his finding the state government is yet to submit Rs. 1,228.18 for Development of tribal Affairs & Hills ; Rs. 513.4 for Education (S) department; Rs445.52 for Power; Rs. 278.87 for Planning department ; Rs. 276.42 for Medical and Health Department; Rs. 220 94 for Municipal Administration, Housing and Urban development ; Rs125.97 for Education (U) ; Rs. 36.98 crore  for Labour department etc. among others.

Because of the inability to submit the utilization certificate state government fails to receive fund for development.

Published in News

IT News

Imphal Sept.15

Moreh Town, the major Point of Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s Vision Act East Policy has a very tight security but it doesn’t matters to Robbers, who are robbing at Moreh Town and in Imphal Moreh Route NH102. Is it very strange, how does Robbers loot public property during day time in a tight security area?

Since from beginning of August, 2019, a gang of robbers is robbing public property by using arms. Under Tengnoupal SP Th. Vikramjit Singh’s high concern Moreh Police had nabbed two persons who commit Robbery on 29 August in a Tata DI on evening of 13th September 2019 after a thorough investigation. But still there is no fear for police to robbers, they still continue robbing even yesterday at 6:30 pm in front of Moreh College Gate to a Tata DI and robbed 21,000 Rupees from the driver.

Here, two questions we can ask to the Police Department and other security agencies are -

Q.1 Why robbers didn’t have any fear for Police and other security agencies for the Crime they have committed?

Q.2 How does robbers commit such crime in a very tight security zone?

There is no proper action, No search operation done till yet by Security agencies regarding the robbery. Due to the lack of security’s action, public feels unsecured traveling in this Imphal Moreh Route. The robbery is conducted between Kondong Lairembi Check Post of Moreh Police and Moreh Police Station which is very short distance of 3 KM, and how the robbery take place?

Due to lack of concerns and action of Security agencies , more robbery may happen in near future , even life is of public may be in risk while travelling in this short distance route. If the security agencies doesn’t nab the main robbers then it will be very embarrassing for being a security for the public, who can’t save the public and their property. And also due to the inhumanity act of robbers the Indo-Myanmar Business and the vision of Prime Minister Narendra Modi may have a great affect, like before on  20 years back various armed robbers did robbery in Imphal Moreh Road. 

Victims of such robbery appeal to all the public not to stop their vehicles while travelling in Imphal Moreh Route otherwise you will be the 6th victims of robbery.

Published in News

IT News
Imphal, Sept. 15

Health and Family Welfare Minister L. Jayantakumar Singh has flagged a rally in connection with Ayushman Bharat Pakhwara today. Starting from western gate of Kangla the rally continued up to JNIMS, Poromopat where a function was organised in relation with the observation of Ayushman Bharat Pakhwara. The rally was also joined by Ravindra Singh, IAS, CEO, State Health Agency, Manipur, Joint Director Health, Rang Peter, Director, Health & Family Welfare, Manipur Dr. K. Rajo Singh, Additional Director Health, Dr. Shyamsunder Singh, Y. Rajiv Singh, State Programe Manager, National Health Mission, Manipur. Officials and staff from health and NHM, Manipur, Doctors, Nurses, medical and nursing students etc. also joined the rally.
Before flagging off the rally Minister Jayantakumar expressed to the media persons that the rally was being organized as a mark to celebrate the completion of one year of Ayushman Bharat which was initiated by Narendra Modi, Hon’ble Prime Minister of India. Minister also maintained that such rally will help to highlight the health schemes introduced by the government.
Speaking at main the function held at JNIMS hall as Chief Guest, Jayantakumar Singh said that the direction of health service and its system has been changed towards a new course. Health service is now, no longer limited to the treatment or medication of a sick person. The new concept of health service includes wellness of the people. It aims to let the people live healthily and happily. Many welfare schemes of the people have been covered under the new health policy of the government, minister added.
Jayantakumar said that the government has introduced many health schemes with the objective to maintain hygine of the people covering right from childhood to adult. District Early Intervention Centre, DEICs and Geriatric Centre have been opened at many hospitals including sub-divisional hospitals with the aim to provide health care and preventive care service to the newly born children and aged adults. People also need to have awareness about the beneficial health schemes of the government, he added. He also appealed the medical professionals to maintain professional ethics so to build understandings with the public.
The Ayushman Bharat Pakhwara at JNIMS Hall was also attended by Ravindra Singh, IAS, CEO, State Health Agency, Manipur as president. Joint Secretary, Health, Rang Peter, Director Health, Dr. K. Rajo Singh, Director, JNIMS, Dr. TH. Bhimo Singh also attended the function as guests of honour.

Published in News

Dr. Konthoujam Khelchandra

The United Nations International Day for the Preservation of the Ozone Layer is celebrated every year on September 16. The theme for this year’s celebration of World Ozone Day is”32 Years and Healing”.  This event commemorates the date of the signing of the Montreal Protocol on substances that deplete the ozone layer in 1987. This protocol has led to phase-out of 99% of ozone depleting substances in refrigerators, air-conditioners and many other products. The latest reports of Scientific Assessment of Ozone Depletion completed in 2018 indicates very favourable results as there is ozone layer recovery rate of 1-3% per decades since 2000. The UN report further highlighted that the ozone layer protection measures has actually help in combating climate change by averting an estimated 135 billion tonnes of carbon dioxide equivalent emissions from 1990 to 2010.

This year’s World Ozone day, the Montreal Protocol is celebrating its 32th anniversary. The protocol accentuates the extraordinary collaborations and environmental benefits achieved by the world governments through the operation of Montreal Protocol for the effective protection of ozone layer. This protocol provides an inspiring example where the global community is truly succeeding in reaching sustainable development objectives. It is expected to return to pre-1980 levels by mid-century, assuming all countries continue to meet their compliance commitments. In 32 years of successful implementation, the protocol has been continuously strengthened to cover the phase out of nearly 100 ozone depleting substances. It is the world’s most widely ratified treaty, with 197 signatories. Its multilateral fund has enabled an unprecedented transfer of ozone friendly technologies to developing countries assisted by a powerful network of well-trained national ozone officers in every country of the world. The protocol is widely hailed as a classic case of science-based policy making and action to protect a global commons. It also certainly reminds us that we have to keep the impetus of ensuring a healthy planet where all inhabitants can harmoniously coexist by interacting and inter depending on each other. 

Depletion of stratospheric ozone: Certain industrial processes and consumer products result in the emission of ozone depleting substances (ODSs) to the atmosphere. The main ODS are chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs), hydrochlorofluorcarbons (HCFCs), carbon tetrachloride, methyl chloroform and halons (brominated fluorocarbons). CFCs are the most widely used ODS, accounting for over 80% of total stratospheric ozone depletion; used as coolants in refrigerators, freezers and air conditioners in buildings and cars manufactured before 1995; found in industrial solvents, dry-cleaning agents and hospital sterilants; also used in foam products- such as soft-foam padding (e.g. cushions and mattresses) and rigid foam (e.g. home insulation). Halons are used in some fire extinguishers, in cases where materials and equipment would be destroyed by water or other fire extinguisher chemicals. But, the problem with halons is they can destroy up to 10 times as much ozone as CFCs can. ODSs are manufactured halogen source gases that are controlled worldwide by the Montreal Protocol. These gases bring chlorine and bromine atoms to the stratosphere, where they destroy ozone in chemical reactions.

Current ODS abundances in the atmosphere are known directly from air sample measurements. The initial step in the depletion of stratospheric ozone by human activities is the emission, at earth’s surface, of gases containing chlorine and bromine. Most of these gases accumulate in the lower atmosphere because they are unreactive and do not dissolve readily in rain or snow. Natural air motions transport these accumulated gases to the stratosphere, where they are converted to more reactive gases. Some of these gases then participate in reactions that destroy ozone. Finally, when air returns to the lower atmosphere, these reactive chlorine and bromine gases are removed from earth’s atmosphere by rain and snow. Impacts of ozone depletion: The ozone present in the stratosphere filters out most of the sun’s potentially harmful shortwave ultraviolet (UV) radiation. If this ozone becomes depleted, then more UV rays will reach the earth. Exposure to higher amounts of UV radiation could have serious impacts on human beings, animals and plants.  It can have serious implication to human health causing more skin cancers, sunburns and premature aging of skin, more cataracts, blindness and other eye diseases. It weakens the human immune system. It also has adverse impact on agriculture, forestry and natural ecosystems. Several of the world’s major crop species are particularly vulnerable to increased UV, resulting in reduced growth, photosynthesis and flowering. Only a few commercially important trees have been tested for UV (UV-B) sensitivity, but early results suggest that plant growth, especially in seedlings, is harmed by more intense UV radiation. Damage to marine life- in particular, planktons is threatened by increased UV radiation. Planktons are the first vital step in aquatic food chains; Decreases in plankton could disrupt the fresh and saltwater food chains, and further lead to a species shift; Loss of biodiversity in our oceans, rivers and lakes could reduce fish yields for commercial and fisheries.

The Efforts to protect the ozone layer and to combat climate change are mutually supportive. The most recent adjustments to the Montreal Protocol, adopted in 2007, accelerate the phase out of hydrochlorofluorocarbons (HCFCs). The level of climate benefits that can be achieved depends on what chemicals and technologies replace HCFCs. Their phase out thus offers a unique opportunity to acquire cutting-edge technologies that not only eliminate ozone depleting chemicals, but also saves energy and maximises climate benefits. Although the substantial phase-out of HCFCs has only just begun, it is heartening to see that industry is applying the new alternative technologies. These technologies will not only eliminate damage to the ozone layer, but also reduce adverse effects on climate.

Conclusion: On this World Ozone Day, let us celebrate and reemphasise the greater necessities for protection of ozone layer. Ozone in the stratosphere absorbs a large part of the sun’s biologically harmful ultraviolet radiation; stratospheric ozone is considered good ozone because of this beneficial role. In contrast, ozone formed at earth’s surface in excess of natural amounts is considered bad ozone because it is harmful to humans, plants, and animals. Natural ozone near the surface and in the lower atmosphere plays an important beneficial role in chemically removing pollutants from the atmosphere. So, the phase out of the controlled uses of the ozone depleting substances and related reductions has not only helped protect the ozone layer for this and also for future generations to come. It has also significantly contributed on global efforts to combat climate change and furthermore it has protected human health and ecosystems by limiting the harmful ultraviolet radiation from reaching the earth. Finally, we should continue our untiring efforts for preservation of ozone layer for the betterment of our mother earth.


Dr. Konthoujam Khelchandra

(The author is currently working as Assistant Professor, Department of Environmental Science, Pachhunga University College, Aizawl. He can be contacted at: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.)

Published in Guest Column
Sunday, 15 September 2019 17:10

Her Kitchen

By- Dr Nunglekpam Premi Devi
Independent Scholar

She sits and she turns; front and back;

She’s clean as she cooks and enters ‘her’ kitchen;

She washed and mops ‘her’ piece of kitchen land,

With all those ‘lafu nura’ she wipes round and again;

Dark and cool; neat and tidy; small and single space;

Sunlight lit through small window above her head;

Her kitchen mesmerizing with all richness;

Lights and heats; meitans and warmth so cozy;

She looks as graceful as she enters her kitchen;

Her ‘phanek’ up held high her breast,

No sandals approaching; softly touching her kitchen land;

She asks ‘what do you want to eat’?

‘What should I cook for you’?

As she matches fire she Phoo phoo phoos,phooo and fooos.

Muddy Leirang, twigs’ bundles and woods;

Locating in the middle of ‘her’ room, small and dark;

She cooks for self and she smiles without sins;

With no gas stoves, tools and tables, gas cylinder and cookers;

‘Her’ chafus, Uyans all in old and new use,

All in an imbalance position, she still works on,

Spoons and khabeis; chegap and no gas lighter;

Cups and plates; pukhams and tengkots and mugs;

All in spreading, all in one in one standing;

Found spreading all around ‘Her’ reaching all by her hand;

She cooks and she boils; she keeps and she covers;

She sits down and she stands up again and all;

As she walks and she speaks; her hands so engaged;

She lights her leirang and she matches now and again;

As though she starts now and again, all with blows;

Phoo phoo phoos phooo phooo and fooos.


She boils and she rotates and she let it down;

‘Her’ body’s bending and ‘her’ knees up to her chin;

Ah! She’s beautiful at her own; she’s goddesses of life;

She owns ‘thum chafus, morok kaouta, ngari utong,

Machu utong, nga ayaiba utong, one to two tilhou,

Bit of maroi napakpi, few maroi nakuppis, slices of drid heiribok,

Few gingers, heijang thang, all small and all small,

Uchan and samuk; she adore on her wooden phan;

Spreading her hands, right and left turning in and out;

Reaching all her essentials ‘thum chafus’ and cooking;

Happy as she is burden to none; she rotates chafus now and again;

Her hands holding fire twigs now and again, all with blows;

Phoo phoo phoos phooo phooo and fooos.

Published in Poem
Sunday, 15 September 2019 17:01

World Ozone Day and Langban Tarpan

Munal Meitei

This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

People belonging to the Meitei community across Manipur and beyond remembered their departed souls of the forefathers and ancestors on the occasion of Langban Heitha-Leitha or Tarpan. On the next day of full moon of Langbantha, the month of September is the startof Tarpan that will last for the next fifteen days when we offer our floral tribute to the forefathers and ancestors. Some may observe in bigger way as ‘Utsav Katpa’ or some as with a little drop of water or a leaf of tulsi but the eternal believes are the same. It is our believed that by offering victuals to the God and the elderly men, the soul and spirit of the departed fore fathers are pleased. If they are pleased and satisfied then they protect their children from the evils and bless them with boons. After achintha, the lean months of June and July are over, the departed souls are always eager to know the live lodes for their children on the earth. It is also our believed that during the Autumnal Equinox, i.e. the season of Tarpan, the sky is very clear and during this time the spirit and souls of the departed ancestors from their heavenly abode can see their descendants on the earth. Thus is the Tarpan of our cultural legacy.

But during this 15 days long celebration, if we could plant a tree each by each family for each of the departed souls every year then that would be the greatest offering. If so, then our state would be with full of trees and everywhere would be only greenery. If so happened, our departed forefathers would also be surely very happy because their descendants would be living in healthy and the economy of the state also would be boosted. It is said when we offer someone with some living statues, then that is the greatest offering.

Today, the 16th September is the World Ozone Day. Like other environmental problems, ozone layer depletion is also considered to be a major environmental issue now. Unfortunately, manufacturing activities since the industrial revolution have caused a disturbance in the atmosphere and opened up ways for more UV rays to penetrate down to the earth’s surface. This has caused a serious consequence and potentially it can get worse if we do not act responsibly.

Due to ozone layer depletion, many unpredicted dreaded challenges have come up to all the biotic forms on the planet. Hence the world has stood up now to count the effects and remedies of ozone layer depletion.  Ozone(O3), discovered by Christian Friedrich, a German chemist in 1840 is very rare in our atmosphere. At an average, in 10 millions of air molecules, there are about two millions of oxygen molecules and only three molecules are of ozone. Though very small in quantity, it plays a vital role in our atmosphere. It is also formed naturally in the atmosphere because of the energy from the Sun and at the time of lightning.

Ozone may be divided into the atmospheric ozone or ground ozone and the stratospheric ozone or Ozone layer. Though the ground ozone is very injurious to health, what we are discussing is the stratospheric ozone.

Stratospheric ozone or ozone layer:- Earth’s atmosphere is divided into several layers. The lower region, known as troposphere extends upto 10 km from surface. Virtually, all the human activities occur in this region. The next layer is stratosphere extending from 10 Km to 50 km. About 90% of the earth’s ozone is found in this region with maximum concentration occurring at the height of about 23.5 Km.  Ozone at this region is formed when oxygen molecules absorbed ultraviolet photon from Sunlight and undergoes photolysis. These ozone molecules absorb ultraviolet rays of wavelength 310-280 nm, also known as UV-B, the most harmful radiation thereby preventing it from entering into the Earth’s surface. But scientist predicted that UV-B radiation intensities are increasing by more than 15% since the 1970s.

Ozone layer depletion:- Ozone layer depletion was first captured the attention of the world in the latter half of 1970 and it was confirmed from the satellite pictures in the mid-1980sduring the Antarctic spring, September to November every year. But now the formations of these ozone holes have spread all over the glove. The cause of this ozone depletion is due to the increase in the level of free radicals of hydroxyl, nitrous oxides and other halocarbons. But the most important compound which shares about 80% of the stratospheric ozone depletion is the Chlorofluorocarbons; CFCs. CFCs are extensively used for Refrigeration, Air-conditioning, and Foam blowing agents, cleaning of the electronic components and as a solvent.

Other hydrocarbon compounds containing chlorine, fluorine and bromine which also causes ozone layer depletion that are coming out mainly from swimming pools, industrial plants, sea salts and volcanoes are easily break down within the troposphere by the natural processes like sunlight, wind and rain etc. But CFCs are so stable that they cannot be broken down easily in the lower atmosphere except only when by exposure to strong ultraviolet ray reaching in the stratosphere. When CFCs break down, free chlorine atoms are released. These chlorine atoms are highly reactivethat a single chlorine atom can destroy as many as 1 million ozone molecules. With this process, the ozone layer in the stratosphere is depleting day by day.

The Effects of Ozone layer depletion:-The affect of ozone layer depletion lies with the harmful effects of ultraviolet ray (UV-ray). The Sun is UV- ray discovered by Johann Wilhelm Ritter, a German physicist during 1972. The source of almost all these UV-rays is from the Sun. Ozone layer acts as a blanket by absorbing these harmful UV-rays and they do not allow most of them to reach the earth’s surface. Exposure to higher amounts of UV radiation could have serious impacts on humans, animals and plants. The challenges to human health include skin cancers, sunburns and premature aging of the skin, more cataracts, blindness and other eye diseases. Experts say, if not check the problem of ozone layer depletion, 20% of the world population may suffer from skin cancer in the next 50 years. White people have a 70 times greater incidence than Black people and a 10 times greater incidence than Latin and Asian peoples. UV radiation can damage several parts of the eye, including the lens, cornea, retina and conjunctiva. Cataracts cause 50% of the 17 million blindness in the world. A sustained 10% thinning of the ozone layer is expected to result in almost two million new cases of cataract every year. Ozone layer depletion and weakness in immune suppression in all the biotic forms is a hot issue of the present day.

Ozone layer depletion has also adverse impacts on agriculture, forestry and natural ecosystems. It can affect the important food crops by adversely effecting Cynobacteria which helps them to absorb and utilize nitrogen properly. World’s major crop species are particularly vulnerable to increase in UV radiation, resulting in reduced growth, size, photosynthesis and flowering time. These species include wheat, rice, barley, oats, corn, soybeans, peas, tomatoes and almost all staple and cash crops. Small changes in leaf size may increase the ability of weeds to grow around some crops. Small changes in pollination time, resistance to insects or disease, or in the length of the growing season, could cause large changes in yield. The most likely thing to happen will be a change in the relative population of various unwanted species (Runeckles and Krupa, 1994).It is really a challenge to our human food security.

Phytoplankton, an important component of marine food chain can also be affected by ozone layer depletion. These tiny photosynthesizing plants provide 50 percent of all the oxygen available on the Earth but UV-B ray causes genetic damages to these organisms. Coral Reefs that mankind termed them as the tropical forest of the ocean are also most affected by ozone layer depletion. Due to increase in UV-ray, our global biodiversity as a whole is intensively damaged thereby affecting all life forms.

UV-rays overexposure may cause eye and skin cancers to animals. But animals with fur are somewhat saved from UV-radiation. Species of marine animals in their developmental stage e.g. young fish, shrimp larvae and crab larvae are also widely threatened in recent years by the increased UV radiation under the Antarctic ozone hole. 

Materials such as wood, plastic, rubber, fabrics, paints and many construction materials are degraded by UV radiation. The economic impact of ozone depletion on replacing and protecting materials could be significant.

Conclusion:-The increasing concern over the causes and the effects of ozone layer depletion led to the observation of the “World Ozone Day” every year.It is an undisputed fact that if we stop use and the production of CFCs right now, then also, its problem will persist on the earth for the next one hundred years. But to reduce and control of the Industrial emission of CFCs, many countries have eventually agreed to discontinue the production of CFCs, halons, carbon tetrachloride and methyl chloroform etc. except for a few specific proposes. Now the industries also have started to develop with more ozone friendly substitutes. For the peoples of north eastern India including our state Manipur who are dwelling in the higher altitude and also nearer to the geographical tropic have the more vulnerability to the harmful effects of ozone layer depletion. As a part of observation of World Ozone Day, every one of us needs to take care of our Environment and the ozone layer right from this moment onwards. Therefore, as we are remembering our departed souls by observing the Tarpan during this Langbantha, if we again observe this day in a more meaningful way, then we can do something better for the future generation to hand over them with a clean and beautiful environment.

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Published in Guest Column

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