Friday, 13 September 2019 - Imphal Times

Imphal, Sept. 13

The 3rd (Third) State Level Youth Convention 2019 cum Cultural Meet organized by Service Bridge Agency was held today at Durbar Hall, Raj Bhavan, Imphal with a theme ‘Be the voice of New India’
Speaking on the occasion as Chief Guest, Governor Dr Najma Heptulla said that Manipur is a beautiful State with different indigenous tribes living in peaceful co-existence, tolerant attitude and unique hospitality. Hence, it is significant and appropriate that this Youth Convention is organized with an objective of youth empowerment, to encourage the young people and giving them information, guidance or resources they need in order to take charge of their own lives and make healthier decisions.  She stated that this Convention will take concrete decisions for the socio-economic development for the State.
The Governor also reminded the gathering that at the turn of the century, morals among the youth started crumbling which affects personal life as well as society. The signs of development were seen everywhere in the pursuit of healthcare, infrastructure science, education, energy and agriculture. As people and society prospered and as materialism took centre-stage, the values and morals came under severe onslaught from consumerism and globalization.
She stated that India is considered the youngest nation with the world’s maximum number of youth, about 34% of the total population of the country. This 34% is enormous human resources and constitutes for the country’s future. If we can harness this powerhouse in the right direction, then the country can reach the lofty heights. Youth today is a major resource for not only development of financial prosperity but for social changes as well. However, despite holding such importance, their energy is still not being channelized in the right direction.
She appreciated the organizer of the 3rd State Level Youth Convention for doing a commendable job in uniting the youth of different parts of the State on a single platform. Such Convention should also be organized in different parts of the State, spreading the right message and infusing the right spirit, the spirit of love, peace, compassion, hard work and commitment in youth and their pivotal role in socio-economic development of the State. Youth empowerment can catalyze major social developments like poverty eradication, good education standard, good governance and crime reduction which will reduce the rate of poverty to a significant level. Similarly, empowered youth can understand the importance of education that leads to social improvement of the country by rejecting the status quo and pave the path for better governance  and also a skill to sustain a livelihood as well as preventing him  from doing crime.
She further mentioned about the ill effects of drug addiction among the youth and the impact of drug use in communities and the sheer desperation of parents to rescue their children from drug menace. Unfortunately, the State is substantially affected by drug trafficking and its concomitant issues.  Due to unemployment and poverty, Ganja and poppy are widely cultivated, she added.
Expressing grave concern over the scale of drug menace in the state, the Governor said she had taken an initiative for the State Government to co-host with the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime, Regional Office for South Asia a 2-day Regional International Conference-cum-Meeting on the theme, ‘Comprehensive Approach to combating illicit trafficking of Afghan Opiates and Drug Situation in the North East’ at Raj Bhavan, Imphal on 30 September – 01 October, 2019. Representatives from 6 South Asian countries and 7 States of the NE will congregate to hold brain storming deliberations on issues relating to drug trafficking and drug abuse.  
She also encourages the youths to stand up against the scourge of drug abuse, which is detrimental to the prospects of young generation. She expressed her  confidence  that if  youth abstain from all these bad habits, they will be able to surely shoulder the important responsibility for socio-economic development of the State and the country as a whole.
As a part of the Convention, Technical sessions and discussions were held. Prof. Dr. R.K. Lenin Dept. of Psychiatry RIMS Hospital gave a speech on the topic” Internet Addiction & its impact in our Health”, Dr. Lucy Duidang Jt. Director (CST) Manipur State AIDS Control Society gave a speech on the topic “Know your status and get Treated”, Prof. MC Arun, Manipur University gave a speech on the topic “Drug Problems and Need of a State Drug Policy” and Dr.Ibomcha, SP, Thoubal Police gave a speech on the topic “Cyber Crime an uses of Mobile Phone”.
Minister Karam Shyam, attended the Convention as President. And numbers of student from different schools also attended the Convocation.

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IT News

Imphal, Sept. 13

Chief Minister N. Biren Singh has said that Manipur Police will launch a mass drive against illegal sale of liquor and unlawful manufacture of spurious liquor in the State.         

He made the statement while addressing a press conference held at Chief Minister’s Secretariat on the backdrop of busting manufacturing units of spurious liquor by police in the past few months. 

The Chief Minister said that local liquor is being produced by some section of people as a part of their customary practice. However, this practice is uncontrollably turning into commercial exercise, which leads to adulteration and large scale production of liquor in the recent past, he added. As such, there is urgent need for formulating a concrete policy in consultation with experts to check rampant sale and production of liquor hazardous to consume in the State, he opined while seeking support and co-operation from the masses in this regard. 

  1. Biren Singh also urged the CSOs to suggest the Government on the possible measures which can be taken up at this juncture as complete check on manufacture of local liquor is not possible in the State due to customary obligation. 

Even as the Government is deeply concerned about widespread sale of adulterated local liquor across the State, the Chief Minister said, detection of IMFL manufacturing units one after another has become another big worry.

 Stating that spurious and adulterated liquor causes different serious ailments, the Chief Minister asked all those involved in the business to stop such harmful practice, which may take human lives, immediately. 

Chief Secretary Dr. J. Suresh Babu and DGP L.M. Khaute were also present at the press conference. 

Items seized from a spurious liquor manufacturing unit located at Thoubal Athokpam, which was busted yesterday by Thoubal Police, were displayed before the media at the press conference.

It may be mentioned that Thoubal Police had also earlier busted spurious liquor manufacturing units at Khongjom Bazaar on March 11, 2019 and Thoubal Athokpam on March 4, 2019.

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IT News

Imphal, Sept 13

109 BN CRPF under the aegis of IGP  Manipur and Nagaland sector conducted a civic action programme on 13th Sept 2019 at Mongsangei area. In this programme  water storage tanks  were  distributed to the marginalized peoples  of  Mongsangei area. This programme was held with an  objective  to extend a friendly and helping hand to the villagers.

R.K.Taruni Devi, President District Council,  Imphal West, graced the occasion as  Chief Guest and  distributed water storage tanks to the marginalized peoples  of Mongsangei Arubam Leiki, Konjeng Leikei, Langthabal Mantrikhong, Mongsangei Matai Leikei and Mongsangei Makha Leikai  in presence of dignitaries of local administration and  Village Headman. Commandant Vinod Kumar, Deputy Commandant Vinod Sawant, Deputy Commandant Alok Ranjan  organized the programme in befitting manner with an aim to connect the people. A  cultural program  was also organized  on this occasion

In his speech, Vinod Kumar, Commandant 109 BN thanked  the Chief Guest R.K.Taruni Devi and A.k.Singh, Guest of Honour  for extending  CRPF an opportunity to serve them and urged the local administration to fulfil the needs of the local people.

Vinod kumar,  Commandant 109 Bn expressed his happiness  in getting this opportunity  to fulfil the   longstanding need of villagers of Mongsangei area.  He stated that unit will continue to serve the people of Manipur by carrying such humanitarian activities. He draw the attention of villagers by mentioning that fresh water sources are becoming scarce with the passage of time. He further emphasised that considering  the current climatic condition,  preventive measures are required to be taken. Rainwater harvesting is a sustainable process that helps in preserving rainwater for different purposes and for the future needs as well. It is a method of collecting and storing rain water to be used for various purposes.  In past,  109 Bn CRPF has distributed walking stick, wheel chair, walker and hearing aid to All Manipur handicapped School and Old Age Home of the locality. 109 Bn has  constructed one passenger  shed at  Karong , Senapati and has carried many such  civic action programme  in last couple of  years in Imphal west and Senapati  Dist.Village president of various villages and distinguished guests present on the occasion praised the concern of the unit Commandant for its virtuous affiliation.

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IT News 

Imphal, Sept 13

The foundation stone for the first tribal freedom fighters’ museum was laid today at Makhel by Minister of Tribal Affairs & Hills N. Kayisii.

Speaking as the Chief Guest N. Kayasii said that the spot selected for the museum is very thoughtful and added that Makhel is a place where the Nagas believed that the progeny of the Naga started from the place and was later spread far and wide.

He appreciated the people of Makel for donating the large area of land which is about 23.6 acres for the project. 

Stating the museum is for the people of Manipur, Kayisii urge to make the museum an important tourist spot of Manipur.

PHED Minister Dikho said that as the place for the museum site is historically important, he added that it will bring unity, integrity among the different communities and tribes. 

Dikho continued that the project will have a great impact to the people of the land. 

Speaking on the sidelines of the foundation laying ceremony Directorate of Tribal Affairs and Hills C. Arthur Worchuiyo stressed that the project ‘Tribal Freedom Fighters’ Museum was sponsored by Ministry of Tribal Affairs and was approved in the month of February 2019.

With a total estimated cost of around Rs. 15 Crores for the project, the Tribal Freedom Fighters’ Museum in Makhel is the only museum of such kind in the North East and 7 others were already approved for the entire India till now. 

He added that the expert committee will visit different places to learn about the various narratives of the tribal freedom fighters especially in the context of British agitation.

The foundation stone laying function was attended by Chief Secretary of Tribal Affairs and Hills Letkhogen Haokip, Deputy Commissioner of Senapati Somorjit Salam as the dais members among others.

Later four community halls at Makhan Khuman Village were also inaugurated by N. Kayisii.

Published in News

The demand for scheduled Tribe status for Meetei/Meitei people might have been considered as legitimate for those supporting it. But for many the demand is a threat to the 2000 plus history of the erstwhile Asiatic Kingdom. It is not about being superior or not it is about protecting the status of the erstwhile nation. Misinterpreting the idea of opposing the demand by some self proclaimed intellectuals or in other words intellectual of the Indian system is a hurdle to the stand of the people. Every person from rich to poor, illiterate to literate knows the benefit provided to the Scheduled Tribe community and including in the list of Schedule Tribe will also give the similar facilities. People across the state particularly among the Meitei/Meetei people know that the Meitei / Meetei Community are now at a very critical stage. The apprehension of the land being occupied by the outsiders, the divide among the various ethnic community of the state and so on, are some of the worrisome issues. Will the demand for the ST for Meitei or Meetei community help in protecting the erstwhile nation, which has been a home of multiple ethnic community. Imphal Times journalist , Sh Ajit Singh, at one of his write up published yesterday in this newspaper also question the same by presenting a complete picture of the threat perception to the erstwhile Asiatic kingdom due to the issue of the NSCN-IM. In his write up it was also question whether the demand for the ST for Meetei/Meitei is a consensus demand for all the Meitei/Meetei community.
Well, It is a known fact that, before the merger of the erstwhile kingdom Manipur, to the Indian Union in 15 October, 1949, after the signing of the controversial merger agreement with the dominant of India in September 21, 1949, Manipur was then a sovereign nation having its own constitution. It is also a fact that meitei are the majority community and since the time there were many small communities whose status was not that good as compare with the then ruling community. These whole of the smaller ethnic communities are really backward that the state has to give some kind of status to improve their situation to compete with the major community.
But after Manipur was merged to the dominion of India (or say annexation) the so call majority meitei become a mere minority group when compare with those of the people of the mainland Indian community. Being an erstwhile kingdom with organised set up all the administration the meiteis are somewhat superior. But the influx of the illegal or legal migrants from the mainland has given a threat to this people.
When the valley region which is a home of all the Manipuri communities has been dominated by these so called illegal or legal migrants, there is definitely a threat to the cultural, social and economic condition of the state as a whole. It is considered that if the identity of meitei is protected all the other Manipuri communities like those under the Kuki, Naga, Zou, Paite, Hmar, Meitei Pangal can be protected.
Surprisingly the issue which should be supported by whole community has been somehow distorted with the idea of converting the whole meitei into ST status. This idea may be easy process but, the idea will definitely sabotage the healthy relationship between the Meetei and other ST communities. It is to be reminded only few among this STs have managed to come up but 95 percent of the STs need to be supported. Let the ST issue be never brought up at this crucial hour or people need to think why the matter which may incite anger between the ST people and Meetei community should be raise.

Published in Editorial

By - Dr Mayengbam Lalit Singh,
Assistant Professor, Dept. of Economics,
Kha Manipur College, Kakching

During pre World War II (Colonial period), we have learnt that there were freer trade between colonies and their coloniser (intra trade). Most of the colonisers from Europe built their isolated empires taking the advantage of these intra trade systems. However, since the end of the World War II, such restricted trade among nations got collapsed. Erstwhile trade rules framed by colonisers were completely obsolete as compared to new trade rules during post war period. Establishment of GATT ensures freer trade among the nations across the globe irrespective of level of respective participation of member nations. However article XXIV of GATT provides grant of establishing for regional trading partners without bypassing international trade. Under this article regional trading agreements flourished in Europe in late 1950s. In similar objective in North America also, NAFTA was formed. Contrary to restricted trade during pre WWII, these trading partners provided flexible tariff among the members. It never undermines international trade of such members with the rest of the world. Till today, it is officially reported that many successful regional trading partners mushroom across all the continents as well as inter-continents. Through this trading partners, many countries expertise in technological innovation that is termed as “Flying Geese Approach”. South Korea, and Japan expertise in the manufacture of vehicles and electric machines through this above mentioned approach when they form trading partners with USA. Similarly, many South East Asian countries including China started globalisation of their economies since late 1970s. As a part of globalisation, many manufacturing companies started opening their overseas branches in these countries. The economic factors behind shifting of manufacturing companies are such that it reduces huge transport cost; it obtains economies of scale since wage in these countries are comparatively low; and huge market potential in these countries. Driven by these factors, many companies from USA, and Western Europe started shifting their production plants to these countries especially in China. These western based companies import such manufactured goods to their home country and still find economies of scale due to low cost incurred to wage and free import tariff. For an example, USA has relied its demand on imported pharmaceutical drugs which are manufactured by its companies in China taking advantages of cheap labour. Imports from China has increased in multiple fold since the later joined WTO in 2001 and USA has promised free tariff on the goods if China signed WTO frameworks. However, there are always pros and cons of such free trade policies and clearly surfaced in European Union (EU) since the wake of 2000s. Ominous phenomenon of free trade varies depending on the level of development of a country. Less developed Eastern EU countries experienced more agrarian oriented development where countries specialised in agricultural production and moved away from manufacturing of engineering goods according to articles. Wage level in pre EU is reportedly higher as compared to wage level during post EU era and huge numbers of skilled labours are found migrated to Western EU countries. Among the developed EU countries also, there is always threat of cheap labours to high waged local labours. That is the reason why Britain voted for BREXIT in their referendum. One of the fear factors against the globalised super nation is financial austerity which has been faced by many EU nations that poses U-turn from globalised to restricted world. At present, USA is revoking protocols of free trade to restricted trade and it covers not only its trade partners like China but also its partners of NAFTA (Mexico and Canada). The reasons why USA pursues this stringent actions are such that it has been facing severe financial debt; its manufacturing companies have been shifting plants to other countries; and there is growing threat of unemployment in it. Recently, USA levy 30% of import tariff on those goods imported from China and the later also retaliated with similar tariff levels on goods imported from the former. However, the big question is, would this action bring its companies back to USA again. Many economists opine that companies will not come back to home instead they may shift their plants to the countries friendly to USA. Aftermath reaction of shifting these plants to China is that Chinese companies acquire technological knowhow through Flying Geese Approach. These companies had apocalypse since long back and nurtured their own innovations. That’s why they have their patents in many electronic items and the visible example is introduction of Huawei, the 5G network with its own android operating system which is going to be exported to many countries in the world. Chinese local firms start export of its own manufactured goods (which is copied first from USA firms and innovated with additional technologies) through its Belt and Road Initiatives. Highest incidences of such trade war between USA and China will be borne by their on consumers where consumers’ surplus will be robed away by their governments in the form of tariff revenue. Hence, the present world is experiencing restricted trade system which had witnessed a century ago. This yields in restricted trade blocks where there will be free exchange of goods and technologies among the partners. Moreover, it will lead to regional economic power then multi polar world where there will be competitive edges in all respects.

Published in Guest Column

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