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Items filtered by date: Thursday, 03 May 2018 - Imphal Times - A Daily Eveninger

Head Mistress of Bhairodan Maxwell Hindi High School picked up by city police; Arrested students released

IT News
Imphal, May 3,

Head Mistress of the Bhairodan Maxwell Hindi Primary and High School, Khwairakpam Sunita was picked picked up today by a team of city police  after she cut a rope which was tied at a tree inside her school premises to hold the newly reconstructed Fruit stalls.
At around 10 am Khwairakpam Sunita attended the school as usual and she cut the rope tying at a tree inside her school premises to support and hold the stalls which were vandalised by volunteers of JCILPS yesterday. The lone principal took no body’s help while cutting the rope which crumbled the newly constructed stalls. Two police personnel who were guarding the stalls sustain minor injury.

The Head Mistress along with her staffs and students have also been urging the authority to shift the fruit stalls from the area as it disturbed the school activities. The stalls were constructed by attaching the walls of the school.
Meanwhile the 28 student volunteers of the JCILPS Students Wing who were arrested yesterday in connection with the demolition of the fruit vendors have been released without any condition after producing before the CJM Imphal West. Source with the Imphal Times said that the students were released after the JCILPS had a meeting with the MAHUD Minister Th. Shyamkumar today morning.
Meanwhile, security has been tightened at the Fruit stall side. Heavy presence of para military forces was seen today morning soon after the Principal of the Bhairodan Maxwell Hindi Primary and High School once more vandalise the stalls.
Later some fruit sellers were seen at the stall site preparing to reopen.
Till the filing of this report there were no reports on the release of the Head Mistress.

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Computerisation of State Labour department angered some politicians; many namesake Union started defaming present Chairperson

IT News
Imphal, May 3,

Changes seen in the State Labour Department, in the last few months, after the coming of the N. Biren Singh led government has angered many politicians and some Union who were earlier living on the departments’ beneficiary schemes.
 A highly reliable source with the Imphal Times said that some politicians – elected as representatives and those working for electoral gains are not happy with the new policy of the state government to make the activities of the department transparent and open to the public.
Before the coming of the BJP led government in the state, beneficiaries of labourers which were available in the department were let known by only some few people. They have been misusing the fund meant taking up welfare measures of the working class people through fraudulence means.

This newspaper had reported about such fraudulence practice in the state labour department on its April 9,  2017 , issue under the heading “No proper guideline in State Labour and Employment department” . The report also stated on how the then Deputy Labour Commissioner violated the official procedure in the absence of a Chairperson of the Manipur Building and Other Construction Workers Welfare Board.
On June 2017, after the BJP led government came to power, S. Preshojit was appointed   as the chairpersons of the Manipur Building and Other Construction Workers Welfare Board.
Under the strict surveillance of the Chief Minister and the Labour Minister, the present Deputy Labour Commissioner and the Chairperson formulated a Digitalization process of the department activities so that all activities being carried out by the department is let known to the general public.
As per source with the Imphal Times as many as 1.3 lakhs of labour cards have been issued during election time without letting the card holders knew of the details on the kind of beneficiaries that they were supposed to get. Some of the card holders are not even construction workers. When the web site of the department – www.mbocwwb.in was launched, names of the labourers registered have been made public. When it is made public sections of people started complaining and some unions or even elected MLAs have started campaigning for replacement of the Deputy Labour Commissioner as well as the Chairperson of the Board.
Many Unions who have been living on the benefits of the poor started complaining on the legitimacy of the appointment of the Chairpersons after a new Labour Union which comprises of labourers from all the Hill districts of Manipur came into existence.
Skill development works which were conducted for name shake have to provide proves as it involves huge amount. The changes seen while in reality should be good news , it angered some MLAs in the ruling political party fraternity .

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Sit-in-protest continues over shifting of District Hospital

IT News
Imphal, May.03:

Large number of people continue to stage sit-in-protest against the shifting of the District Hospital to some other place which was already laid foundation stone by the then government authority. The protest was staged today at Huidrom Leikai parking  in Imphal East district. Volunteers of Huidrom Youth Development Club ,HYDC Imphal East and meira paibis of the areas who were taking part in the protest while talking to media persons said that they strongly opposed the plan for shifting of the hospital which was already laid foundation stone at Sagolmang area.
“ If the government wants to develop villages, they should have the same feelings for the villages of Sagolamang and its surrounding villages”, a protestor said.
He appealed the government to bring an amicable solution with the JAC and said that any form of movement spearheaded by the JAC against the shifting of the hospital will be supported by the local clubs.

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Class XII result declare; Selina Keisham tops in Science stream

IT News
Imphal, May 3,

The Council of Higher Secondary Education, Manipur (COHSEM), which is also known as the Board of Secondary Education Manipur (BSEM Manipur), will declare the Class XII results today (30 April).
Selina Keisham of Comet Higher Secondary school tops in Science stream, while Ningthoujam Radharani Devi tops in Arts and Sagar Archaraya tops in Commerce stream.
The results will be released on its official website: manresults.nic.in.
Here’s how candidates who appeared for the exam can check the Class XII 2018 results: Visit the official website: manresults.nic.in.
- Click on the link which reads ‘Manipur Class 12 result 2018’ or ‘Manipur HSE Class 12 Results 2018’.
- Enter your roll number and other relevant details in the space provided.
- Hit ‘Submit’.
- Download or take a printout of the results for future reference.
The COHSEM, which conducts the Higher Secondary Examination (HSE) for the state, had last year announced the Class XII results on 23 May.
The Manipur HSE Class XII 2018 exams were conducted across 91 centres and a total of 28,020 candidates appeared for the same.

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Maoist question on CM, HM silence on Karam Shyam statement

IT News
Imphal, May 3,
Taking serious note on the statement PDS Minister Karam Shyam, at which he stated that some underground group had obstructed the transportation of PDS rice from the government godown, armed rebel Group Maoist Communist Party, Manipur today said that if such is a case in the middle of the Imphal city, then it is better that the government surrender as they are not in a position to maintain the law and order situation of the state.
The Maoist in a statement questioned on why the Home Minister or the Chief Minister of the state remain silent when the PDS Minister said that rice could not be transported due to ban by some underground organisation. Rice which are meant for the poor farmers are not properly distributed so far.
“ On the day when a visionary mission “Go to Village” was launched such statement from among his minister about his department inability to lift the rice for the poor from the FCS godown due to threats from UGs is nothing but a mockery to the present government”, the Maoist statement said.  

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Vandalizing of fruit seller is about protecting the identity of Imphal

It is not about being communal but rather a protest against the disparities by government agency towards its citizens by dividing on communal lines. Preserving one’s culture and traditions is what every community felt as their bounden duty to protect their identity. When felt insecure, the community in danger has every right to protest.
Much has been debated on the issue for demand for a permit system to the entry of non local in the state. The ongoing agitation demanding ILPS is about protecting and preserving the traditions, culture and identity of the people of the state. It is a legitimate right of the people to put up the demand as the Indian constitution too says that every citizen has the right to protect and preserve their own culture and tradition. After all the system is in force at some neighbouring states of Manipur.
Yesterday incident or say a democratic protest which was compelled to turn violent after authority fails to listen the plea of the JCILPS has been misinterpreted to monger communal hatred among Meitei people and the Mayang people. We already had experience about such technique being used in the past by government authority. But a closure look into what prompted the JCILPS volunteers taking the extreme form of agitation will make every right thinking people that the movement was not against any specific communities.
Some few days back after the issue for demand of ILPS remain quiet with the coming of a new government which had assured to introduce a legislation of ILPS type in the state, the JCILPS finally re-organised a protest by submitting memorandum to the government for speedy introduction of a legislation. The Women wing when inspected the condition of the Khwairamband Keithel Ima Market – the only women run market in the country, many male were found mixing the women vendors at some area. This is a direct threat to the traditions and identity of Khwairamband Keithel Ima Market. The JCILPS did not care about which communities that male vendor occupying seat in Ima Market belongs to but the Women Wing threaten serious agitation if they have not been driven out. What is coincidental is that almost all the male occupying women seat turned out to be non-indigenous people.
It’s natural that the Students’ Wing of the JCILPS would definitely stand against attaching of market shed in front of their school and that too by attaching to the wall. Students, staffs and teachers of Bhairodan Maxwell Hindi Primary and High School, have been submitting memorandums time and again to shift the fruit vendors from the area as it disturbs the school environment. Media too witness series of protest by the school students and teachers.
The fruit vendors claimed to have license but the truth is that the license they procured is illegal as there is a Supreme Court order which said that no license for selling goods can be provided on the foot path. The 25 fruit vendors are being provided license for making stall on the footpath as well as on the drain. The waste produced from them had failed the school drainage and every rainy season students and teachers have suffered extreme hardship due to artificial flood.
The protest witness yesterday has a tendency to spark another mass protest, but could have been prevented if the law enforcers were ordered to deliver their services without disparities.
When the government seemed to be serious about encroachers government land why they still keep continuing protection to the illegal fruit vendors. Is it because these fruit sellers are Mayang from Mainland who is being protected by the fascist Hindutva regime or Is it a mere negligence on the part of the administrators.
Human history has not been an amiable narrative of peaceful co-existence and development. Throughout the various epochs, many politico – cultural trends have emerged and disappeared with particular time periods, only to reappear again in a more subtle form and then proceed toward another transformation. A peculiar feature evident throughout has been the stark feature of dissent a resultant of various opposing, contesting (and unequal), asymmetrical forces, which in turn get expressed through various means - violent or otherwise. What is conspicuous is the culture in which dissent is suppressed, repressed subversion contained and opposition strategically anticipated, controlled and diffused by the dominant force working exclusively in the interest of the prevailing power structure.

Prison Diary of Late Lamyanba Nk Sanajaoba

Aheibam Koireng Singh
Assistant Professor
Centre for Manipur Studies, Manipur University

Late Nongmeikakpam Sanajaoba popularly known as Lamyanba Sanajaoba is without question accepted by one and all as the pioneer of investigative journalism in Manipur. He took active role in the formation of Pan Manipur Youth League (PANMYL) in the year 1968. In 1969, he became the founding editor of the monthly journal, ‘Lamyanba’, brought out by PANMYL. Lamyanba emerged as a total diversion from the existing publications and periodicals of those times, as it pioneered the investigative journalism in Manipur. He was imprisoned in August 1969. Many said, he was arrested for lampooning the then Chief Commissioner of Manipur, Baleshwar Prasad as ‘Looter of Palace Gun’, ‘Amuraba Alibaba’ (tr., Blackie Alibaba) in his write-up at Lamyanba Journal, and a publication brought out by PANMYL titled, ‘What is wrong in Manipur’ on charge of sedition. Athokpam Tomchou, a well known playwright, who was with him together at the prison said, all of them, who got arrested in the same month of August, were charged under the same First Information Report (FIR) charging them with various sections relating with ‘sedition’ and ‘waging war against the state’. They all arrested under FIR 350 (8) 69/ US 395/397/431/436/120B/IPC and 11 West Bengal Security Act & 25 @ Arms Act. NK Sanajaoba, along with some of those arrested in connection with sedition and waging war against the state was accommodated at Room No. 1. ‘Raghu Gunda’ of Singjamrei Kshetri Leikai, greatly famed for his notoriety, imprisoned in connection with the criminal activities, was a ring-leader of all the prisoners. All of them fear him and was under his control. Even those who were years senior to him reverently called him ‘Tamo’ out of fear. It was at his room that Sanajaoba and Tomchou together were accommodated. Prisoners were served fish curry every Friday. The fishes meant for jail inmates, before being taken to the Kitchen room of the prison, considerable quantity of it used to be part off by Raghu and stoked alive for his personal consumption and nobody objected. He ate it daily either fried or cooked at the kerosene stove in his room. NK Sanajaoba, being his locality elder, also, at his insistence used to have meal with him sharing his prepared fishes. All of them were freed after spending about 15 days in Jail.
One Sanasam Joychandra from Chingamakha was killed in firing by CRPF personnel in connection with the agitation for demanding statehood during the visit by Prime Minister Indira Gandhi. In its immediate aftermath, all of them including Sanajaoba who recently got released were again arrested under non-bailable warrant. Most of them were accommodated at Room no 12 together with some of the convicted Meitei State Committee rebels. Since Raghu was no longer in the prison, they also ate what was being served for all. The meal served was pest ridden badly odoured filthy Usna Rice for storing long in the godown. Fish curry was served every Friday. Otherwise it was Dal most of the time though vegetables were occasionally served. If at times, new prisoners were send in at the evening, the cook of the prison, just to make it sufficient, poured water at the vessel of the cooked dish. At that time, Ibomcha ‘Mijaba’ (tr., Man-eater) of Meitei State Committee, along with some other convicts cooked food for the prisoners. The quantity of meal for a prisoner was just a bowl each of rice and dish. It seemed after having such food in the prison, a strong motive for protest and reformation was born in the minds of Sanajaoba. It afterwards came to greater light in the subsequent events.  As first step, uncooked rice was distributed to each room in the morning before cooking. That was done so that prisoner could screen out the stones and pest from the rice grains for their consumption. Sanajaoba stored those stones and pests screened out from the rice in an empty Vicks Can and kept it safely with him. He later showed those pests and stones to the Jail superintendent when he came for the inspection visit and protested with a demand for providing quality food. The Superintendent, before he went, assured stating, ‘Yes, I’ll look into the matter’. Even then, nothing happened and there was no improvement.
At that time, there was a trend of abusing the new-comer prisoners by asking their reason of imprisonment or by giving any flimsy ground. In the process, new-comers were physically assaulted, made to sweepbroom and wipe the room and clean the toilet. Sanajaoba objected such act and afterwards it was no longer done. All the prisoners respect Sanajaoba. Those others imprisoned in connection with ‘revolutionary case’ were also respected. Tomchou and Sanajaoba, together decided to try writing by bringing in pen and paper, since they thought, they were going to serve jail time long term as they got arrested under non-bailable warrant. At that time, prisoners were forbidded from writing and posessing pen and paper. There was a criteria for providing specific number of blank paper to ‘A’ and ‘B’ Class political prisoner. But they were classed in ‘C’ category together with the ordinary prisoners. So, pen and paper was forbidded to them. So, Tomchou and Late Sanajaoba decided to write secretively. Writing had been the heart and soul for both of them. At that time, Tomchou, as scriptwriter, had already to his credit about four  stage plays and ten courtyard plays.  Sanajaoba treated Tomchou with great affection and love. The pseudonym used by Tomchou in his writings as pen name, ‘Atom Luwang’ was coined by Sanajaoba while they were together in the prison. That way, they started well set for the writing. One ink fountain pen was bought for him. And the paper was brought in by the convicted prisoners who were less censored by the jail staffs. As for Tomchou, at the day of his appearing before the court, some ball pen refill were brought in by inserting it inside the fly-chain of his pant.  And a pen was made by putting the refill inside a ‘Langchak’ (tr., Bobbin).  But he still doesn’t have any paper. Somehow, he had to find ways. He wrote a script of the play diagonally superimposedly against the parallely printed letters of the Science Reporter copy with a red colour refill. That script titled, ‘College Girl’ was (Courtyard) played by the yesteryears famous comedian, Oinam Babu and his party. After that, another play titled, ‘Ningsinbidraba Ningthemcha’ (tr., Forgotten Ningthemchas) based on the life of Ningthem Herachandra was scripted. Another Drama titled, ‘Keishumshang’ based on his experience in the prison was also scripted. So, he altogether wrote three scripts during his prison life. Sanajaoba too wrote many essays for his ‘Lamyanba’ peroidical. Sanajaoba and Tomchou slept together in the same bed. Their bed was laid cornermost so that it would not be sighted at the vigil of the jail staff. They also persuaded the fellow inmates for not disclosing about their writing to the jail staff. They also distributed cigarettes and bought tea at the canteen for the fellow inmates to win over them.
After somedays, Late Nongmaithem Pahari, who needed no introduction and Late Dr. Manimoham also joined in as prison inmates. They were arrested under FIR 350. That time, N. Pahari was still an employee of All India Radio. Dr. Manimohan runs a homeopathic Clini named ‘Rapid Care’ at Masjid Road. Dr. Manimohan was a person who played a major role for the emotional integration among the people (hill-valley) of Manipur as an activist of Manipur Cultural Integration Conference (MCIC) under the leadership of Late Maharajkumar Priyabarta. Pahari and Manimohan was also accomodated at the same room, Room no. 12  with Sanajaoba and Tomchou. Pahari, since already well acquainted with Sanajaoba, three of them including Tomchou share the same bed. At that time, Pahari must be around 35/36 years of age. He seemed slightly senior to Sanajaoba. Pahari also treated Tomchou endearingly after knowing that he is a playwright and also sings popular song in his college life. In the night time, Pahari spend his time singing at the request of the fellow inmates.     Songs sung by Pahari at those times were ‘Ho Ema Poknafam Ema Nangumbi Yaode Ema’, ‘Khonglam Laman Singamloi’, ‘Ahingda Khongbi Ho Tamna’, etc. There was one humorously interesting anecdote about N. Pahari. The prisoner inmates in the jail were paraded and herded like poultry and let to enter one by one, after noting them, by the jail warder. That day, the total inmates for Room no. 12 was 28. The following day, the warden, Luingam came and unlocked the key. He was a havildar belonging to the native hill community. He started parading some prisoners and counting them. Those arrested in ‘revolutionary case’ were excluded from the parade. They were counted in their respective bed. That day, the total number count was only 27. Havildar Luingam must have panicked as one number of inmate was less from the preceding count of 28. The difference in the number count was because Tomchou with his diminutive physical stature went unnoticed as he laid down between physically broad statured and tall Pahari and Sanajaoba. Luingam from the doorstep of the room said, ‘Ojha Pahari, the number of prisoner inmate is less’. It seemed Pahari must have realised the situation. He  instantly stated, ‘Eigi nakandei sirane’ (whether the one besides me).   Tomchou also just pulled out his head from inside the blanket. Seeing that, the Havildar went saying, ‘ok, ok, everyone please take rest’. Afterwards, they laughed remembering the incident. There was one jail staff whose name is Kondum. He worked as a typist clerk. In the night time, he used to share the meal and slept together with the prisoner inmates.  Sanajaoba persuaded Kondum to secretively bring out a copy of jail manual from the staff cupboard. It contained the rules and regulations which were to be followed in the jails of Assam and Manipur.  Tomchou and Sanajaoba hurriedly hand copied the contents of the manual in a night and returned to Kondum. Sanajaoba became more agitated and dissatisfied after reading the jail manual. More importantly, the manual clearly mentioned the quality and quantity of food to be provided to the prisoners. Sanajaoba clearly noticed that all those provisions in the manual were not complied and followed by the Manipur administration. To sum up, a prisoner should supposedly be given a meal costing Rupees Seven at the rate of those times. But it seemed, they were served with a meal costing only Rupees  Three. It came to know that the prisoners were deprived of their due rights. Earlier plead to the Superintendent also doesn’t pay any heed. This time also, some of them led by Sanajaoba made a verbal request to the jailor. But it proved futile. From that, Sanajaoba decided to take steps for hunger strike. That day, they,( including some RGMs) were to produce before the Lamphel DC Court for remand. That morning, they all have decided to not have meal. Doing so, they all have turned up to go court without having meal. They all have walked out of the jail inner gate and paraded near the outside gate for boarding the vehicle. Since, those who went to court the previous days said they were not properly checked, Tomchou also joined in the parade, tucking in two completed scripts in his stomach. But that day was so unfortunate that, Jailor Saranthem Nodiachand was found sitting in a chair taking sun-bath near their parade. Since he was present, jail staff started screening them one by one. Tomchou suddenly got alarmed, thinking that he would surely be caught this day. Continuingly thinking, what means should he find, he tried to stand at the last. Just at his back, there was one cupboard for keeping guns. He then steadfastly pulled out the scripts and kicked it underneath the cupboard. Nobody took notice of it. Then, all of them after getting throughly checked, lifted the vehicle. After the vehicle started, he could still properly see scripts. Anxiously thinking whether it was him alone who wass seeing it, they reached the court. After reaching the DC Court, they all sat together in a room. In the meantime, Yambem Tijendra, the editor-in-charge of Lamyanba was just sighted outside from window. Sanajaoba steadfastly pulled out a bunch of paper and throw it outside the window. Tijendra picked it up and went away. Tomchou was awestruck thinking how Sanajaoba managed to brought it unconcealed despite the rigorous check. Just after Tijendra went, Jailor came in a Jeep vehicle and Sanajaoba was isolated in a room and thoroughly checked. From that, it could be comprehended that, either there was something in relation to the hunger strike going on in the jail after they went or it was suspected that Sanajaoba posesses something in writing about the misdeeds of the government. And Tomchou, thinking of the scripts he kicked in underneath the cupboard, spend time anxious and restless. After they were remanded at another date, they returned to jail. Tomchou felt a sense of relief when he found the script still there lying intact. During that moment, clerk Kondumba just came out. Tomchou terrifyingly told Kondumba to collect the scripts and bring in when he comes. Saying so, he passed in the inner gate and enter the jail. After reaching jail, they could feel that something had happened. The authority already have come to know why the prisoners were fasting and who their leader was. Also, it came to know that the authority recovered some of the writings of Sanajaoba which he kept in hiding. It later came to light that it was due to the undercover jail staff among the fellow prisoner inmates. That was a very shameful day for Sanajaoba and other prisoners. It was because all hunger strikers were herded to the kitchen and made to have their meal. They all ate unwillingly. Sanajaoba was publicly shamed for instigating hunger strike in the prison and also for writing ‘Larei Lathup’ (tr., Inconvenient Truth) in the ‘Yukhal Marumda’ column.
He was shamed by herding to every room of the prison with two prisoners respectively pulling his long moustache from either side. One of the two who pulled his moustache really cried with shedded tears. While he pulled Sanajajaoba’s moustache, he wiped his own tears with the other hand. That day, Chief Warden hued and cried angrily with red-eye using the mosst degrading foulthy language. Sanajaoba doesn’t utter any word other than, ‘hujjur nangsu Meitei machani ko’, meaning Hujjur, You too are Meitei. These few words sum up the inner thought of them all. While Sanajaoba was publicly shamed by herding to each room, Tomchou was worryingly bothered to makeshift the concealed written papers. Finally, he properly sealwraped it with a plastic and kept inside a broken commode of the toilet. And some ‘muk-matum; (tr., ink), he put it inside an empty packet of the Panama and after squeezing it deposited among the waste piles in the jail yard.  But one Mangi who was in the jail at Room no. 13 in connection with the murder related case from Poirou had picked it up and taken to his room. Tomchou went after him and told him that there was bomb in what he picked up. Poirou then with a shocking surprise gave it back to Tomchou with bewilderment. Then after collecting the ink, Tomchou returned the empty Panama packet to him. Inside the jail, empty cigarrete packet was much sought after as the alluminum foil inside it were used for roasting ‘Ngari’ (Fermented Dry Fish). Mangi picked it up also just to take that alluminum foil.
After Sanajaoba was publicly shamed, he then was kept in isolated cell without having contact with any other. His room was not so far from the one he earlier reside, but his compound was fenced with iron barbedware from the other. In the nightfall, he was seen troddling in his compound. They saw each other, but didn’t have the chanceto talk. Sanajaoba no longer had pen and paper. They were left with no means to communicate with Sanajaoba. But he throws out a thing above the barbed wire passing over it. It turned out to be a squeezed empty panama Cigarette packet. Tomchou picked it up pondering there must be something in it. To his surprise,he found a letter neatly written with a bottom of the match stick at the alluminum foil of the cigarette packet which was clearly legible. Seeing it, Tomchou was surprised at the presence of mind and wit of Sanajaoba. He writes: ‘Let the outside world know, there is atrocities going on inside the jail’. But there were no means to fulfill what Sanajaoba decreed. Shortly after that incident, Manipur Government had enforced Orissa Preventive Detention Act. Under Preventive Detention Act, Sanajaoba, Pahari, and Dr. Manimohan, some RGM members were all relocated at the new jail situated at the back of the Nambul River where Jadonang was hanged. Major Akoijam Nilakamal, who was in the list of suspected RGM was also imprisoned along with them. Maybe because specific charges could not be framed against them, Tomchou and some four/five of them remained as ordinary undertrial prisoner. It had been lived so till the end of March 1970. Sanajaoba and others, who have been imprisoned under PD Act, after they have been shifted to new jail, enjoyed the status of ‘B’ class. And accordingly, it was heard that they were allowed to write and their quality of food considerably improved. A get-together for the detainees was organised at the new jail on March 1970. Sanajaoba reminisced Tomchou and summoned him to attend by sending one warden. Tomchou also happily attended it. That was the last day for Tomchou to meet Sanajaoba and his other inmates in the jail. That programme was also attended by most of the jail staffs and wardens. The opening song was ‘Khomlang laman …’ sung by Pahari without any orchestra. When, Pahari, in the climax, sang his heart out with the song, ‘Chingleibakki Ema Manipur, Nadom ngallu, nadom satlu’, everyone remain silent and unmoved. Most detainees also sang the song of their choice. Sanajaoba also showed his magical skills on the ocassion. The magic he did was very simple. He took a 10 Paisa coin from someone and disappeared it. Afterwards, he claimed the disappeared coin was in the right pocket of the Chief Warden’s coat, who was there among the guest. It turned out true. Then from among the crowd, started uttering that Sanajaoba engaged a young detainee to insert coin to the Chief Warden’s pocket in advance.
Tomchou, after sharing the jail life of happy-sad moments with the other inmates, got eventually released on April 1970. Sanajaoba, along with others were still in detention. Tomchou then collected his scripts, and tried to meet and interview Sanajaoba before leaving. But unfortunately, he had heard that Sanajaoba had been relocated at Jiribam Jail and kept alone in solitary confinement. Later, it too was heard that, Sanajaoba was relocated at Jiribam Jail due to his keen sense of observation, sensitiveness and readiness to protest injustice and any wrongdoing. After a Long spell, Tomchou met Sanajaoba after he was released following the granting of general amnesty to all the political prisoners. In it he said, he was alone in Jiribam jail. His only friend was a ‘Mongba’ sheltered there in a nest at a corner of the roof. After living together for long, that tiny bird came down and rested on his shoulder. At that, he remain silently still and unmoved so that the bird would not fly away.
After releasing from Jiribam Jail and returned to the societal stream, he again started penning for ‘Lamyanba’. His journalism became more impactfully powerful. Sanajaoba was truly a revolutionary nationalist and an activist who coveted for nurturing and preserving the ancient cultural heritage of Manipur. He didn’t reside in tin roofed or concrete structure but in thatched roofed traditional house. The roofing changes after a gap of two-three years and his friends from the hills and far and wide brought thatch in bullock carts for the purpose. His house and the traditional artifacts adorning it resembled a miniature museum. He very much loved the stories in the ‘Puya’(tr., Ancient Meitei treatise), ‘Chainarol’(tr., Laws Governing Combat). He scripted a play, ‘Chainapung’ (tr., Warfield) based on the story of combat between Khuman Chakha Moiremba and Heirem Kangbisu which was aired from the Imphal Station of All India Radio.
(As told by Athokpam Tomchou, and also referred to his article, ‘Jailgi Punsida Lamyanba NK Sanajaoba’, 29-30 November 2005, Poknafam, Vernacular Daily, Imphal.)

Prof. Jagdish Mukhi sworn in as Governor of Manipur

DIPR
Imphal, May 3

Prof. Jagdish Mukhi was sworn in as the Governor of Manipur at a ceremony held yesterday at the Darbar Hall of Raj Bhavan, Imphal. Acting Chief Justice of the High Court of Manipur  Justice N. Kotiswar Singh administered the oath of office and secrecy to Prof. Jagdish Mukhi. He will take charge of the Manipur Governor in the absence of Dr. Najma Heptulla. It may be mentioned that Prof. Jagdish Mukhi is also the Governor of Assam. The ceremony was attended by Deputy Chief Minister  Y. Joykumar Singh, Speaker,  Y. Khemchand Singh, Rajya Sabha MP  Ksh. Bhabananda Singh, Council of Ministers, Chief Secretary, Director General of Police, and other senior officials of the State Government, Police, Army and Senior citizens.
After the swearing-in-ceremony the Governor also inspected a guard of honour commanded by  Ningshem Vashum, IPS, CO, 5th IRB.
During an interaction with the media persons, the Governor stated that he will discharge his duty as the Governor of Manipur in the absence of Governor of Manipur Dr. Najma Heptulla. He further said that he will try to fulfill all the requirements of the State as per the Constitution. He said that he will try to fulfill every possible welfare programmes of Manipur while in office.
On his arrival at Imphal International Airport, today, Governor Prof. Jagdish Mukhi was accorded a warm welcome by  Dr. J. Suresh Babu, Chief Secretary and  L. M. Khaute, DGP along with senior Government Officials. The Governor was accompanied by First Lady Smt. Prem Mukhi.

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Deadly snakebites and uniformed saviours

PRO IGAR(S)
Imphal, May 3

For 62 year old Kh Tonjaoba a resident of Nakhai village of Bishenpur District, April 20 this year brought a dreaded experience which he had feared all his life. He was bitten by a snake and soon realized its consequences when the snake venom immediately began to take effect. Fortunately, for him, a medical team from the nearby Army unit responded with speed and attended to him. Tonjaoba survived the life-threatening event much to the relief of his family and community members. Though a common occurrence in rural Manipur, fatalities from snakebites remains a constant threat for most locals who for their livelihood must venture into snake habitats into the countryside.
Manipur is blessed with an amazing variety of flora and fauna,its natural riches are home to a variety of reptiles including several species of snakes, many of which are venomous. Most lethal of these include the Monocle Cobra, the Common Krait and the Russel’s Viper. Compared to other parts of India, the natural abundance of Manipur along with its climate and jungle terrain favours snakes extensively.Depending on their survival characteristics and food habits, habitat of snakes varies from jungles to fields and at times even extending in proximity to populated areas. Human settlements located on fringes of jungles witness comparatively higher instances of snakebites. The ever-expanding human footprint further exasperates the situation increasing chance encounters with snakes often resulting in a fatality. For many locals, their primary occupation being farming and fishery requires them to work and move in paddy fields or fishponds, which are also favourable habitats for most snakes in Manipur. Based on available data, maximum snakebites occur in the months from April to October. This is attributable to the prevailing monsoons in forcing snakes out of their burrows into paddy fields and fishponds in search of prey.Due to cultivation of rice and fish ponds filled to the brim in monsoons, the corresponding activity of humans also increases. This sharply raises the risk of snakebites. Not withstanding their menacing credence, snakes are inherently extremely shy and avoid humans or other larger animals. Most snakebites,however, occur when snakes feel threatened activating their defense mechanism to save itself. Fortunately, in most instances,the snake is either non-venomous or is unable to inject venom into the victim. For the other unfortunate few a venomous snakebite, becomes a life and death situation.
Such cases of snakebite require immediate medical intervention to ensure survivability of the victim. While snakebites remain common, the corresponding medical care infrastructure in Manipur for treatment remains nascent at best with very few hospitals or medical centers capable of holistic management of a snakebite case. As a result, fatalities resulting from snakebites are unfortunately common. The paramount reason for this inadequacy has been the non-availability of appropriate Anti-venom without which assured survivability is suspect.
Under such circumstances, the Army & Assam Rifles units deployed in Manipur have provided much relief to the local population. With their extensive presence in Manipur including in remote and desolate areas, primarily for conduct of Counter Insurgency Operations, units of Army and Assam Rifles often remain the only medical succor to ailing individuals. These units are essentially equipped with medical means to cater to their own personnel, however, very often, for humanitarian considerations; medical teams from these units provide medical assistance to civilian populations living in their proximity. Such medical teams often go beyond their call of their duty to treat locals including snakebite victims; as a result they have acquired extensive reverence for saving precious lives often from venomous snakebites. These medical teams have a credible 100% impeccable record of saving snakebite victims. A recent study indicates that out of the total 133 snake bite instances reported within Imphal Valley in the last year, only 34 victims reported to RIMS and the vast majority of 99 victims preferred being treated by Army or Assam Rifles medical teams.
Very often an extremely restricted view, confined to security dimension of the Army or the Assam Rifles comes to the fore.However, ask a snakebite victim saved by an Army or Assam Rifles medical team and he or she will vouch for so much more that these organistations do for the people of Manipur.Ask any of these medical teams,instead and they will simply shrug their shoulders and say, ‘we are just doing our duty serving the citizens of India’. It is indeed only appropriate that they get their due and are recogonised for their yeoman service to the people of Manipur.

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Craftsmen Training provides skill and self employment: Jt. Director

DIPR
Imphal, May 3

The Craftsman Training department under ITI promotes self employment with various skills of trades by replacing various machineries. This was stated by S. Ibochaoba Singh, Joint Director, Capacity Building Section, Craftsman Training, at the press conference of HODs organised by DIPR for highlighting the activities and achievements of the GoM held at DIPR Complex, Moirangkhom, Imphal.
The Directorate of Craftsmen Training was set in 1980 with the Administrative Secretary as Ex- Officio Director. The Directorate General of Training, Ministry of Skill Development & Entrepreneurship, GOI lays down various policies and vocational training standards. The Craftsman Training has two Joint Directors dealing the ITI Section and Skill Development Section. The Nodal Agency for Manipur Skill Development coordinated under the Mission Director coordinated with the Department of Craftsmen Training. The Craftsmen Training department has 11 ITI centres in Manipur comprising of 103 units and total capacity of 1769 consisting 1402 trainees excluding the newly set-up 2 units at Kangpokpi and Sekmai. The new ITI construction under the scheme at Sekmai will be inaugurated and its session likely to begin in the month of August. The other ITI unit at Kangpokpi has already got the approval of the government. ITI Lilong which has been earlier established and handed over to Private partnership.
Manipur Society for Skill Development also partakes in the Craftsmen Training like implementing central sponsored scheme, setting up vocational training project, enhancing skill development.
Various scheme such as Craftsmen Training Scheme, Apprenticeship Training Scheme and Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikash Yojana(PMKVY) have been launched to promote self employment. Craftsmen Training Scheme trains young persons (14-40 years) in the Government Industrial Institute in Engineering and Non- Engineering trades. The period for engineering trades is 2 years and non-engineering is 1 years. The minimum educational qualification varies from classes VIII to X. In the apprenticeship training scheme, passed out ITI trainees are engaged as apprentices in various fields in the government establishment, public and private and central establishment undertakings. PMKVY is a central sponsored scheme via MSSD to the state government.
P. Robindro Singh also said that theory classes were imparted to the trainees along with workshop sessions to familiarise with the concern trade. Beside, the department provides certain facilities like workshop, raw materials, games and sports, study tour, hostel accommodation etc. for the trainee. Several changes such as embroidery machine and computer have been replaced. National Council of Vocational Training (NCVT) also provides guidelines and syllabus for various trades.
The press conference was attended by S. Ibochaoba Singh, Joint Director (Capacity Building Section, Craftsmen Training), P. Robindro Singh, Joint Director (Training Section), P. Mohendro Singh, Instructor, Amarjit Raj Kumar, Assistant Program Officer while W. Phajatombi Devi, Joint Director IPR moderated the press interaction.

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