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Items filtered by date: Monday, 29 April 2019 - Imphal Times

Cyclone FANI likely to hit North East including Manipur tomorrow

IT News

(With inputs from PIB)

Imphal, April 29,

The Cyclonic Storm FANI, which has its root at Bay of Bengal, is likely to hit the North Eastern states of India including Manipur by the evening of May 1, PIB report says as per notification by the Ministry of Earth Science. A freak storm possibly an impact of the Cyclonic FANI yesterday killed 3 persons including a woman while enjoying Boat ride at Chadong artificial lake. Many trees and houses were also destroyed at various places in the nearly 30 minutes deadly storm.   Report said that wind speed reached 50-60 km per hour and came from the south western side and in Imphal town affected vehicular movement and passersby for nearly half an hour. Rooftops of houses, hostel and other structures were carried away in many areas of the state.

The Ministry of Earth Science report said that the Cyclonic Storm ‘FANI’ (pronounced as ‘FONI’) over southeast Bay of Bengal & neighbourhood moved northwards in the last six hours and lay centred at 0830 hrs IST of 29th April, 2019 near latitude 8.7°N and longitude 86.9°E over southeast Bay of Bengal & neighbourhood, about 620 km east of Trincomalee (Sri Lanka), 870 km east-southeast of Chennai (Tamil Nadu) and 1040 km south-southeast of Machilipatnam (Andhra Pradesh). It is very likely to intensify into a Severe Cyclonic Storm during next 06 hours and into a Very Severe Cyclonic Storm during subsequent 24 hours. It is very likely to move northwestwards till May 1 evening and thereafter recurve northeastwards gradually.

The Cyclonic Storm FANI is expected to intensify into a very severe cyclonic storm by tomorrow and will continue to move North West and change its path to North East from Wednesday, according to India Meteorological Department.

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Chief Minister N. Biren inspect Chadong incident site; announces ban on unauthorized boat at tourism related spot

IT News

Imphal, April 29,

Chief Minister N. Biren Singh today announced ban to the use of unauthorized local made boat at lakes which are tourism related sites of the state. The announcement was made after inspecting the Ramrei/Chadong Village today morning where three persons including a woman were killed in yesterday freak storm while they were enjoying boat ride. The fierce storm that lasted for around 30 minutes blow the boats that the three were riding and as it turn upside-down the trio could not be found till today morning.

“What we are facing today is the result of the mass deforestation that has been taking place in the state”, Chief Minister N. Biren said.

He said Hills look barren as almost all trees have been cut down and because of that natural mechanism to control stormy winds are no more. This could be the result for the sudden fierce storm that took the lives of the three precious persons.  The Chief Minister said while sharing the pain and sorrow of those who lost their lives in yesterday’s freak storm.

The drastic change in the climatic condition due to Global warming need to be handled with extreme seriousness to ensure safety of the tourist who comes to enjoy boat ride at tourist related spot where there are beautiful lakes. As the boats used to earn money are not taken approval from the tourism department in terms of safety, the Chief Minister banned the use of unauthorized local made Canoe or Boats at tourist related sites including Loktak lake, Chadong/ Ramrei, Singda Dam and Khuga Dam.

He further added that unarmed police post will be opened at Ramrei and other similar location which comprises of National Disaster Management team.

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CADA destroys seized illicit liquors; organises awareness program

IT News

Imphal, April 29,,

Coalition Against Drugs & Alcohol (CADA) destroyed around 150 litres of seized illicit country liquored at around 2 pm yesterday at Wabagai Lamkhai in front of public.

The liquors were seized during a drive conducted by the volunteers of CADA Kakching District Committee from three hotels at Wabagai Bazaar.

On the other hand, an awareness programme on the theme “Impact of intoxicants on student community” was also organised by the CADA at Ching Tam School, Salungpham in Thoubal district.

The Academic awareness programme was attended by Head Master of Ching – Tam High School, Ningthoujam Khomdon, Hijam Priyokumar – President, CADA and Ningthoujam Doren – Vice-President, CADA as dignitaries. Secretary General of CADA Geetchandra Mangang attended as resource person.

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Diminishing historical facts

N Biren’s commitment to BJP and his mentor Narendra Modi is beyond any doubt. His loyalty to his party and ideology is so strong and was shown to the world with his controversial speech at Gujarat. In his speech he tried to show that in ancient days, Krishna tried to unify North East with India (by kidnapping Rukamani?), in these days, Narendra Modi is trying the same. In short, to N Biren, Narendra Modi is Krishna in contemporary India. His ideology of one India one culture guides him in sailing the stormy politics of North East in general and Manipur in particular. From this ideological stand, a strong nation should be created with Hindu Nationalism or on the basis of the philosophy of Hindutva. There is nothing wrong with his loyalty to his party or commitment to his mentor.
Remembering any Indian hero, including Jhansi Rani, at the soil of Manipur is not wrong. But, the State of Manipur should know the reason of the remembrance of a particular hero and not all the heroes of same kind. Jhani Rani was brave and tried to fight for the sovereignty of her kingdom. There were many such notable kings including Bahadur Shah Zafar who fought with East India Company. Why should we remember them selectively or why we should not celebrate the acts or events related with some other Indian heroes? It is related with your commitment to a particular political ideology or your definition of Nationalism or Indian nationalism. If you pay homage to Jhansi Rani, why you should not to Bahadur Shah Zafar?
Building a nation, we remember the words of Mahatama Gandhi, needs to strengthen the rural people. Empowering them is a key to development of India as a nation. Serving them by organizing a few camps is not what empowerment demands in the name of Go-to-village, but strengthening administration in rural or hill areas. Strengthen the Panchayat is the demand of the day. However a moot question that came up in the collective mind of Manipur is that how the issues of rural development is related with the Anglo-Manipuri War 1891 which was fought between Manipur and UK, not between Manipur and East India Company. Is 1891 War inferior to 1857 Sepoy Mutiny? Is the War rather irrelevant today for any observance than the philosophy of Go-to-village approach to rural development? Are not 1891 having any position in the politics of Hindutva or Modi’s scheme of national integration?
The publication of a special issue of Manipur Today on 23 April 2019 does not matter much.  You may publish or not. The question is on the explanation given by the government for not publishing such a special issue. The government said the special issue would not have any achievement of the Government as there was Model Code of Conduct. Is your achievement more important than the homage to the heroes of 1891? In the collective mind of the Manipuris, 1891 is a great moment that defied the dictate of imperialist British. It was the great moment how Manipuri as a nation showed the world of their love of freedom and independence. It was the great moment the heroes could die for their motherland when its sovereignty was at stake. N Biren should understand that paying full homage to Manipur’s heroes would not diminish his loyalty to his party or commitment to his mentor.
Writer: Sh. Ajit

Retrospecting the Aspiration of the Naga Ancestral Freedom Movement with the Present Naga Political Trend

By - K. Tamrei Zimik (M.Th.)
At the outset, the ancestral struggle for the Naga independence movement from its inception wasn’t a demand within the constitution of an Indian state. The Nagas existed as an independent and a sovereign nation and had never been disturbed on its existence by any nations or forces before the advent of the colonial forces of the British government that interfered its free and democratic type of government being exercised and enjoyed by every villages of the Nagas within the Naga state. And even when the British were about to leave the Indian and its neighbouring countries, the British Government send Sir John Simon in order to ascertained the desires and the wishes of the Naga people, whether they were willing to joined the union of India? But the Naga delegates under the aegis of “Naga Club” submitted a memorandum that clearly stated that “the Nagas do not want to joined the union of India, and to leave the Nagas alone to determine their own future as had been in the past”. And in continuation to the Simon commission the naga delegates under the aegis of NNC met the Indian leaders in 1947 where the Naga’s delegates conveyed again their standing resolution of not Joining the union of india, and in response to the nagas aspiration the Indian leaders responded that.... “if the nagas do not want to join the union of india no one will force you, the Indians do not want to be under the control of  the British colonial forces.....”. Having the assurance from the Indian leaders the Nagas declared its independence on 14th of August 1947 one day prior to the declaration of the government of Indian independence day which is celebrated every year till today but under the threat of the Indian occupational forces. But even though, the nagas declared its independence on 14th of august, the government Of  Indian and the NNC leaders signed a nine point agreement generally known as “Sir Akbar Hydari agreement or Naga-Hydari Agreement” where a condition was made that the terms and condition of the agreement would be observed by the governor of Assam for ten years and that at the end of this period the Naga council will be asked whether they required the agreement to be extended for a further period or a new agreement regarding the future of Naga people arrived at. But when the Government of Indian betrayed the nagas by not honouring the conditions made in the agreement, the nagas under the leadership of AZ Phizo, the then the President of NNC conducted a plebiscite on may 16, 1951 where 99.9 percent voted in favour of reaffirming the declaration of an independent and sovereign Naga nation on 14th of August 1947. And when the Naga leaders continue to seek every means to work out its legimate right to exist Naga nation as an independent nation before the world through political confrontations the Government of India began to used its occupational forces of police and para military to subdue the rights of the Nagas, its leaders and their movement. This led to a fierce confrontation between the Indian occupational forces and the Naga army where thousands of Naga people lost their lives including innocent children, women, youth and old. The history clearly gives the evidence that right from the very beginning of the naga political movement the government of India had been discriminating the Nagas on all the areas of human rights even on the rights to exist as a Naga on this earth. For this reason the Nagas had been resisting the occupational forces of the government of Indian with all means and its police and military forces with arms as well, but had never asked an inch of land from the government of Indian and that had been clearly stated before the United Nations, and the UNPO had clearly stated that the Nagas have every right to be an independent nation. The government of India had tried its best to subdue the Naga’s rights to be a sovereign nation by offering a puppet gift like statehood and an agreement within the constitution of India with threat and intimidations where some of the vested Naga leaders accepted the puppet gift from the government of India leading to a wide spread of killings among the Naga brethrens. The worst of all occurred when the peace committee of Naga representative singed a sixteen point agreement on 26 July 1960 which led to the formation of the present so called Nagaland state in the year 1963 and the infamous agreement of Shillong accord on 11 November 1975. Signing of such agreement as an alternative means for a sovereign Naga nation had been bluntly rejected with fierce confrontations by all the right thinking people of the Nagas and had even brought a bitter relationships among the Naga brethrens because of the fratricidal killings that ensued due to the confrontations that followed after such agreements. Such confrontations led to the formation of different Naga political groups though most of the group unanimously stood for the same goal (i.e. Naga sovereignty and not any sort of an agreement within the constitution of India). But the first and the foremost group that was formed after the condemnation of Shillong accord of NNC was the NSCN among all the other Naga political groups that are existing today. It was formed under the leadership of Th. Muivah, Isaac Chishi Swu and SS. Khaplang to advocate the voice and the aspiration of the Naga public and the ancestral rights of the Nagas as a sovereign and an independent nation and to resist the occupational forces of the Indian state in the year 1980. Through the formation of NSCN the Naga as a whole look forward for an honourable solution with the government of India i.e. a full fledged sovereign nation without accepting the constitution of India at any cost in the same way as they had condemned the sold out agreement of the Shillong accord and the formation of the present Nagaland state within the constitution of India. The Naga public hoped and believed that the newly formed Organization of the Naga political group will not despair the Nagas with any sort of agreements within the constitution of India again which they had condemned with lots of bloodshed among the Naga brethrens in the past.  And even though the NSCN parted as NSCN (K) and NSCN (IM) in the year 1988 due to some unavoidable circumstances, the ultimate group to bring an honourable solution as expected by the Naga public is NSCN (IM) since it is the only group after the NNC that had reached to an international forums to exegete the voice of the Nagas rights and whereby the world in response had supported for an honourable and an amicable solution. But fortunately or unfortunately on 3rd of August 2015 the NSCN (IM) which the Naga public as a whole apart from the few supporters of the other Naga Political Groups supported with all heart had signed an agreement with the government of India which is commonly called “Framework Agreement”, whereby the agreement is officially remained as a concealed and an unknown agreement about the full content of the agreement to the general public of the Nagas had brought a lots of confusion even among the Naga brethrens apart from the other ethnic groups who do not support the solution of the Indo-Naga talk. The Nagas as a whole looks forward for a solution at the earliest but there are some curious speculations among the Naga brethrens i.e. whether the NSCN I-M could really bring an honourable solution which is a sovereign Naga nation outside of the constitution of India or will they also fall into the seductive snares of the government of India to accept an agreement within the constitution of India as the NNC did in the past? This curious speculation has become the voice of the Naga public with one accord, since the NSCN I-M had stood tooth and nail to eliminate everyone as “anti-Naga” whoever tried to accept an agreement within the constitution of India as a solution for the Naga political movement in the past. And at this juncture the atmosphere is likely to be detected that, most of the Nagas from every region (Naga inhibited Areas) as a whole are ready to joined hand in support with the NSCN I-M regardless of the mistakes and the wounds that had inflicted to each other due to some unavoidable disagreement that had occurred in the past, but only if the agreement were for an honourable solution with respect to the ancestral demand of the Nagas i.e. “to withdraw all the Indian occupational forces from the sovereign Naga soil and to allow the Nagas to exercise its rights as an independent nation”. KUKNALIM !

Sri Lankan expert interacts with Guwahati scribes

From a correspondent
Guwahati, April 29,

Chennai based exert on Sri Lankan affairs, N Sathiya Moorthy is interacting with Guwahati scribes today at 3 pm where he is expected to highlight the socio-political background of the island nation and also the implication of Colombo terror attacks for India as a whole.
A former journalist and presently a senior fellow & Chennai chapter director of Observer Research Foundation (www. orfonline. org)   Sathiya Moorthy  will be available to members of Guwahati Press Club through video-conferencing.
Sathiya Moorthy has developed expertise on Indian politics, elections, public affairs along with political affairs of Maldives and Sri Lanka.
After writing weekly columns on Sri Lankan politics and society for Colombo-based Daily Mirror and The Sunday Leader, now he contributes analytical pieces to the Ceylon Today and the Colombo Gazette.
He  also worked as the editorial consultant/chief news editor of the trilingual Sri Lankan television group MTV, Shakti TV and Sirasa.
Moreover he authored/edited books on Sri Lanka and contributed chapters on India’s two immediate southern neighbours.

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Another must have check-ups for new born babies - split spine defect

By -Dr Satnam Singh Chhabra,

Head , Neuro and Spine department, Sir Gangaram Hospital

Spina bifida (Split spine) is a birth defect with incomplete closing of the backbone and membranes around the spinal cord. This defect is usually found in the lower back of the baby and in rare cases, may be found in the middle back or neck.
Mother’s health condition during pregnancy plays a vital role in determining the defect. Apart from genetic conditions, environmental factors may also be a cause in developing split spine. Lack of folic acid in the mother has been one of the most common reasons, which is why mothers are prescribed rich supplements of vitamin B.  
Types of this neural Tube defect
Depending on the amount of closing in the backbone, this defect is divided into two types namely –
1.    Spina bifida occulta – this is the mildest form of split spine where the outer part of some of the vertebrae is not completely closed and the split is so small that the spinal cord does not even protrude. Unlike other types, is very difficult to screen and asymptotic in most of the cases. Though most people are diagnosed with occulta incidentally during spinal X-rays, it is profound in 15% of the world population.
2.    Spina bifida cystic –
a)   Meningocele – also known as posterior meningocele , is the least common form which allows the meninges to herniated between the vertebrae. As the nervous system remains undamaged, individuals with this type of defect are unlikely to suffer long term health problems. Teratoma, a type of tumor made up of tissues and other tumor has been identified as the most common cause of this form of defect.
b)   Myelomeningocele- this form of the defect often results in the most severe complications, where the unfused portion of the spinal coloumn allows the spinal cord to protrude through the opening forming a sac enclosing the spinal elements. This protruded portion results in some degree of paralysis and loss of sensation below the level of the defect. Apart from the protrusion, other symptoms like loss of sensation, deformities of the hip, knees or feet and loss of muscle tone can be majorly observed.
What are the consequences if untreated?
If a baby is left with the defect, he/she would face a lot of problems later in life. Associated problems include poor ability to walk, learning problems, problems with bladder or bowel control, a tethered spinal cord, and latex allergy.
Hydrocephalus is one of the rare though possible conditions in which there is abnormal accumulation of the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) inside the brain. This can cause an abnormal increase in the head size due to pressure inside the skull, frequent headaches, double vision and poor balance with increasing age.
The child after growing as an adult could have personality changes or mental impairment accompanied by recurrent sessions of vomiting, sleepiness, seizures or it could be fatal at any stage of life, if left untreated.
How to diagnose?
Though occulta is rarely observed in the fetus during ultrasound, it is easy to detect myelomeningocele-the most severe protruded complication. Other tests may include Amniotic Fluid test (AFT) which is a medical procedure used to diagnose prenatal chromosomal abnormalities and fetal infections. This test is done to determine the levels of AFP(Alpha fetoprotein) which is a substance made in the liver of the fetus. The presence of high levels of AFP in the mother’s blood will confirm that the spine is split.
Usually the defect can be detected during 6th week of pregnancy through ultrasounds. If a doctor (gynecologist) identifies any protrusion (which may be prominent after 8th month of gestation), the case can be directed to a neurosurgeon for early study and treatment. During early detection, mother is advised a diet rich in or supplements of vitamin B as surgery before birth may be a risk factor.
How was the baby treated?
Depending upon the severity of the defect and the mother’s body condition, few babies qualify for the prenatal surgery to repair it. If the baby is vaginally delivered and did not need a cesarean, he/ she is kept in Neonatal Intensive care unit (NICU) for six hours for observation. Multidisciplinary team goes thorough check up of the baby’s condition before taking up the surgery. With this surgery the nerves and the spinal cord are placed back into the vertebrae and all the layers of the spinal columns, muscles and skin are repaired.  
Usually the surgery consumes 5-6 hours and the baby is kept in a breathing tube till 4 hours of completion of the surgery until he/she comes out of the anesthesia and starts breathing normally. The baby while waiting for feeding can be given nutrition through IV. If there is a need to perform the second surgery to drain out the excess fluid from the brain to its abdomen, the condition can be corrected by placing a small tube in the ventricle (where the spinal fluid is stored in the brain), and shunting the fluid to the baby’s abdomen. Once awakening after the surgery the baby can be fed with the mother’s milk. Restrictions will be imposed on the baby’s positioning till the surgical wounds heal. Doctor may also suggest special positioning aids for support and to avoid any disturbance at the surgical site.
Post surgical observation and care
The doctor has to keep a check on the amount of CSF, using ultrasounds for atleast 4 weeks. This surgery confirms and protects the nerves and spinal cord from any further infection, the muscle sensations and functions will also be normal. If the defect is found on the lower back, the odds of using wheelchair will be null after the surgery.  
Prevalence of this defect
Around 5% of the new born have this defect, which is believed to be due to a combination of genetic and environmental factors. The chances increase by 4% during the second delivery, if the first child had similar conditions or one of the parents inherits this defect. Probability of newborns affected in India is 2 per thousand live births which is far more than 0.4 per thousand in developed countries like US.
Only 20% of the cases are diagnosed during pregnancy or immediately after delivery through spinal X-rays or ultrasounds. Around 72 thousand cases have been recorded in India. If timey diagnosis and treatment is provided, 90% of the babies with spina bifida live well into adulthood, 80% have normal intelligence and 75% of them participate in modified sports activities.

Moreh Battalion Assam Rifles reunites lost kids with parents

IT News

Imphal, April 29,

Yesterday became an unforgettable day for Lun Tin Hao and Tin Ngai Ching, when the kids were found roaming around Indo-Myanmar Friendship Bridge early morning. The siblings, aged 3 years and 5 years respectively, had lost their way from Haolenphai village after they went out for playing and ended up 3.5 kms away from their village, leaving the villagers and specially their grandfather a worried lot.

Their fates intertwined with Assam Rifles when troops of Moreh Battalion deployed at Indo-Myanmar Friendship Bridge found them around 0745 hours. Keenly observing the kids and sensing something wrong, the Assam Rifles troops approached the kids and inquired about their wellbeing, place of residence and their parents. Both the kids, being too small, could not convey anything meaningful to the troops.

Meanwhile the grandfather of the kids, Mr Jamkhopao, after realizing that the kids were missing, had raised an alarm in Haolenphai village. The villagers started their own search in the village, but to no avail. Parents of the kids, attending the Sunday prayers in the Church were completely unaware of the incident.

Without wasting any time, the AR troops part of 26 Sector Assam Rifles under IGAR(South) contacted the locals and two persons identified the kids from Haolenphai village. The kids were provided breakfast by Assam Rifles and the Company Commander along with his troops took the kids to Haolenphai to reunite them with their family.

The kids appeared familiar with the surroundings of Haolenphai village and immediately identified their grandfather. After verifying that the kids were safe with their family, both the kids were handed over to their grandfather. Their father, Thang Kho Mang, who is a farmer and daily wage labourer was surprised when he came to know of the incident. The entire family was very happy to see the children safe and thanked Moreh Battalion Assam Rifles for the quick response

The day ended with happy tears in their eyes, smiles on their faces and a memorable day in the life of two siblings.

Although small but important, this incident shows how closely Assam Rifles has got intertwined with the lives of the locals.

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