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Our knowledge-tradition will be strengthened by encouragement of education in mother tongue

by Vijay Garg
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Our knowledge-tradition will be strengthened by encouragement of education in mother tongue, every community has full right to practice and protect its language.  symbolic
Acharya Raghavendra Prasad Tiwari.  In the last few years, meaningful efforts are being made to establish the importance of mother tongues.  In many institutes, the education of medicine, law and engineering has started in Hindi medium.  It is hoped that in the coming years these courses will be available in other Indian languages as well.  National Education Policy-2020 is important from the point of view of Indian languages.  Under this policy, it has been recommended to encourage formal reading through Indian languages from the primary level to higher education and research.  It is noteworthy that according to this policy, education will be provided through mother tongue at the primary level up to class V and if possible till class VIII.
According to the recommendations of the National Education Policy-2020, there is a need to prepare more and more textbooks and children’s literature in Indian languages.  We have to prepare competent teachers for teaching in Indian languages.  Apart from this, the mass media of local languages will also have to be given due space.  We have to uncover the accumulated knowledge in these languages through research and make it an integral part of formal discourse.  Conducting entrance examinations in 13 different languages of the country by the National Testing Agency is an important initiative in this direction.  The proposed Indian Institute of Translation and Interpretation will bring dynamism to the above efforts as well as establish new dimensions.
Language and dialect are considered to be the nurturer and conductor of the historical-cultural heritage, knowledge-tradition, community talent and skill story of any community.  Through these, we can prepare the future and future generations for a sustainable and glorious future.  India’s reputation as a multilingual society is well known. Most citizens of the country have the ability to be multilingual.  They keep getting acquainted with various Indian languages and dialects in daily life through teaching and through formal-informal work and mass communication.  This introduction nurtures and nurtures the national spirit through the interaction of Indian languages.  Our multilingualism, on the one hand, contributes to individual qualities such as creativity, problem solving ability, while on the other hand it also plays an important role in strengthening the spirit of social tolerance and national integration. 
It intertwines the systems of thought and knowledge.  We not only do everyday communication through languages, but they also become an integral part of our identity.  Through them we carry our cultural heritage.  It also gives meaning to social, economic and political activism.
Mother tongue is not just our home language for us, but it is a tool to establish intellectual, emotional and spiritual connection between the living entity and the world.  It is India’s multilingualism that makes its intellectual and cultural heritage rich and wide.  Many times we look at this multilingualism with suspicion, but the formula of unity inherent in Indian languages leads us to eternal life with peace and harmony.  The real problem of the country is the neglect of Indian languages in purposeful areas such as law, medicine, education and official use.  A major reason for this neglect is the Macaulayist education system.  By this the work of causing maximum damage to Indian languages was done.
 First of all, we started considering the schools and other educational institutions operating in Indian languages as second class.  In its place, the English language was accepted as the universal medium of instruction.  As a result, there was a tendency of neglect among the students, teachers and educated class towards their language and culture.  Second, we have also accepted western knowledge and method as superior in formal business.  As a result, the present generation started cherishing the dream of settling abroad and became subjugated by western culture.  So we started considering our culture and languages as synonymous with poverty and backwardness.  Vijay Garg
 We may use languages like English and standardized Hindi for ease of reading and writing and formal discourse, but for communication with our family members, elders, neighbors and colloquial friends, the mother tongue will be preferable.  Mother tongue gives coolness to our mind and brain.  Unfortunately today many Indian languages and dialects are passing through a crisis.  In our interactions with privacy as well as intimacy and belonging, formality and modernity dominate so much that our culture, languages and local dialects have to pay the price for them.  Languages and dialects are also being deprecated in informal practice.  There are some areas like law, education and health, where people feel cheated due to not being able to express their thoughts and feelings in their own language.
Indian languages have to be viewed from the point of view of local perspective and diversity rather than on the scale of uniformity and universality.  We cannot place our preference only on those languages which are used in a wide area.  Cultural traditions embedded in various languages and dialects of Indian society, symbols of civilizational continuity, practices of nature-centred living and other indigenous practices can help in ensuring the sustainable development of the nation.  On the contrary, the myth of ease of formal education and economic activities in the English language has endangered cultural activities along with indigenous languages.

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