By: Harkirat Kaur
According to the Constitution of India, everyone has equal opportunities but equal qualification is also required to get equal opportunities. Does our educational system give everyone equal opportunities to qualify so that they can take advantage of those opportunities? There are many questions associated with it. Although people in India are considered to be literate who have passed middle school and there is free and compulsory education up to middle school, still 26 out of 100 children are those who are not admitted at all because such children are from families. They have to give up education voluntarily, they don’t sit idle after leaving education bu these same children get involved in child labor. That is why 30 million children in India are forced into child labor and the number is growing.
The opening of private educational institutions in India has been encouraged since 1995 as India has adopted their educational model on the lines of the developed countries of the West, but it is worth mentioning here that the economies of developed countries Quite different. With 100% social security, everyone is protected with old age pension, unemployment benefits, free treatment, free insurance, etc. In addition, although fees are charged by higher education institutions, if a student is unable to pay the fees, the responsibility is borne by the government. In the current education system in India, providing free education to children below the age of 14 is meaningless when they cannot afford higher education because it is out of their reach.
There are two basic conditions for the success of any democracy, education and prosperity. But education and prosperity are interrelated. The literate are more conscious of their means of earning and spending. The definition of the poverty line in India is flawed because according to it a person with an income of Rs 32 per day in cities and Rs 27 per day in villages is above the poverty line but still 22 per cent of the people are living in poverty. Are living below the line. Can those families be expected to pay thousands, millions of rupees for higher education in the modern educational model? When a student leaves his higher education in the middle due to financial constraints after completing 8th or 10th class, he becomes an example to other students and families as to what he has gained by wasting 10, 12 years.
We will see in the future the result of the increase in the fees of educational institutions, the closure of schools and colleges due to the Corona epidemic, the fees being demanded by the private institutions and the loss of children due to lockdowns.
Students are the wealth of the country. Everyone has equal abilities and qualifications. Due to one’s financial problems, not being able to get one’s qualification is a great loss to the country where the student has a personal loss. Instead of adopting a foreign educational model, we should adopt that model in a way that suits the conditions of our country. The main objective should be that the education in that model should be of any level, higher or professional, the big question is whether it is accessible to everyone?