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Rinku Khumukcham

Rinku Khumukcham

Rinku Khumukcham, Editor of Imphal Times has more than 15+ years in the field of Journalism. A seasoned editor, was a former editor of ISTV News. He resides in Keishamthong Elangbam Leikai, with his wife and parents. Rinku can be contacted at [email protected] 

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Crime against nature deserves worst form of punishment

Crimes against humanity deserve the worst form of punishment. Different nations have different legal system to protect the interests of their country. The enforcement of certain laws – like capital punishment; Special powers act to armed forces may have strong and supportive argument as it is about the security of their respective nations. Gross violation of human rights at certain parts of the country and other parts of the world may receive severe criticisms from many who are concerned for Human values. Arguments may continue for certain human causes permitting each sides to stand tight with their act. But what about some issues like global warming, water scarcity and deforestation?
There is no wrong in saying that environment has no boundary. Burning of the Amazon Forest is a threat to all life form in the planet. A massive destruction of forest or extraction of crude oil or mismanagement of natural water is among the issues which no nations could give reasonable arguments as it affect regions beyond politically drawn boundaries. After all, these issues are about human beings across the globe.
Reports about the scarcity of usable water have been top news at almost all newspaper in Manipur. As for the state of Manipur there is adequate rainfall every year but faced acute shortage of water almost every year in the last couple of decades. Interestingly, during rainy season the state also witnessed flood almost every time. In short the state suffers the ugly face of flood during rainy season while they had to bear drought in the remaining days. In view of the arising situation that we are facing right now, there is an urgent matter that needs to be pondered on what went wrong?
Is it the people or is it the government who is responsible for the present crisis?
Deforestation that has been taking place illegally at different parts of the state has been often blamed – both by government and the many social activists which is universally accepted by all. One thing we at Imphal Times suggest is that we cannot completely blame the people who are responsible for cutting the trees for their livelihood. It is the government which is responsible and why shouldn’t it be? It was all about their survival and mind it some people do not have any alternative for survival. On paper government had passed many schemes to substitute the livelihood but it is an open secret that none of this schemes meant for the poor people had never been benefitted by the targeted beneficiaries as the money meant for them had been pocketed by government authorities who were assigned for implementation of the projects.
Another matter, which we at IMPHAL TIMES is concerned is the poor understanding of the government department about the need for storage of natural water underneath the earth. There seems to be complete lack of knowledge by the government authority about the need to let the earth absorb any source of water. Clear example is the drain constructed under huge funding from the Jawaharlal Nehru Urban Renewal Mission (JNURM). The cubicle shaped drainage construction has no mechanism to let the drain water absorb underneath the earth. This is not only the case with any government infrastructural development work there is no sign of the government authority showing concern about the importance of harvesting the rain water. Harvesting rain water does not mean that it should be stored in a tank or some man-made water storage tank. It is about harvesting inside the earth core which can be reused using other means.
For a state endowed with resources, such abject failure to utilize and benefit from the gifts of nature only undermines the apathy and complacency of the state government.

Smoking a silent killer for your backbone

By - Dr. Amitabh Gupta
HOD Neurosurgery
Batra Hospital, New Delhi.

The bones (vertebrae) that form the spine in your back are cushioned by small discs. These discs are round and flat, with a tough, outer layer  that surrounds a jellylike material called the nucleus. Located between each of your vertebra in the spinal column, discs act as shock absorbers for the spinal bones. Thick ligaments attached to the vertebrae hold the pulpy disc material in place.
A herniated disc (also called a slipped or ruptured) disc is a fragment of the disc nucleus that is pushed out of the annulus, into the spinal canal through a tear or rupture. Discs that become herniated usually are in an early stage of degeneration. The spinal canal has limited space, which is inadequate for the spinal nerve and the displaced herniated disc fragment. Due to this displacement, the disc presses on spinal nerves, often producing pain, which may be severe.
A single excessive strain or injury may cause a herniated disc. However, disc material degenerates naturally as you age, and the ligaments that hold it in place begin to weaken. As this degeneration progresses, a relatively minor strain or twisting movement can cause a disc to rupture.
Certain individuals may be more vulnerable to disc problems and, as a result, may suffer herniated discs in several places along the spine. Research has shown that a predisposition for herniated discs may exist in families, with several members affected.
Herniated Disc Symptoms
Symptoms vary greatly depending on the position of the herniated disc and the size of the herniation. If the herniated disc is not pressing on a nerve, you may experience a low backache or no pain at all. If it is pressing on a nerve, there may be pain, numbness or weakness in the area of the body to which the nerve travels. Typically, a herniated disc is preceded by an episode of low back pain or a long history of intermittent episodes of low back pain.
Lumbar spine (lower back): Sciatica frequently results from a herniated disc in the lower back. Pressure on one or several nerves that contribute to the sciatic nerve can cause pain, burning, tingling, and numbness that radiates from the buttock into the leg and sometimes into the foot. Usually one side (left or right) is affected. This pain often is described as sharp and electric shock-like. It may be more severe with standing, walking or sitting. Along with leg pain, you may experience low back pain.
Cervical spine (neck): Symptoms may include dull or sharp pain in the neck or between the shoulder blades, pain that radiates down the arm to the hand or fingers, or numbness or tingling in the shoulder or arm. The pain may increase with certain positions or movements of the neck.
 The majority of herniated discs do not require surgery. However, a very small percentage of people with herniated, degenerated discs may experience symptomatic or severe and incapacitating low back pain, which significantly affects their daily life.
The initial treatment for a herniated disc usually is conservative and nonsurgical.
A herniated disc frequently is treated with non steroidal anti-inflammatory medication if the pain is only mild to moderate. An epidural steroid injection may be performed utilizing a spinal needle under X-ray guidance to direct the medication to the exact level of the disc herniation.
Prevention Tips
The following tips may be helpful in preventing low back pain and herniated discs.
· Do crunches and other abdominal-muscle strengthening exercises to provide more spine stability. Swimming, stationary bicycling and brisk walking are good aerobic exercises that generally do not put extra stress on your back
· Maintain correct posture when you’re sitting and standing.
· If you smoke, quit. Smoking is a risk factor for atherosclerosis (hardening of the arteries), which can cause lower back pain and degenerative disc disorders.
· Avoid stressful situations if possible, as this can cause muscle tension.
· Maintain a healthy weight. Extra weight, especially around the midsection, can put strain on your lower back.

The 3rd State Level Youth Convention 2019 cum Cultural Meet held at Raj Bhavan

Imphal, Sept. 13

The 3rd (Third) State Level Youth Convention 2019 cum Cultural Meet organized by Service Bridge Agency was held today at Durbar Hall, Raj Bhavan, Imphal with a theme ‘Be the voice of New India’
Speaking on the occasion as Chief Guest, Governor Dr Najma Heptulla said that Manipur is a beautiful State with different indigenous tribes living in peaceful co-existence, tolerant attitude and unique hospitality. Hence, it is significant and appropriate that this Youth Convention is organized with an objective of youth empowerment, to encourage the young people and giving them information, guidance or resources they need in order to take charge of their own lives and make healthier decisions.  She stated that this Convention will take concrete decisions for the socio-economic development for the State.
The Governor also reminded the gathering that at the turn of the century, morals among the youth started crumbling which affects personal life as well as society. The signs of development were seen everywhere in the pursuit of healthcare, infrastructure science, education, energy and agriculture. As people and society prospered and as materialism took centre-stage, the values and morals came under severe onslaught from consumerism and globalization.
She stated that India is considered the youngest nation with the world’s maximum number of youth, about 34% of the total population of the country. This 34% is enormous human resources and constitutes for the country’s future. If we can harness this powerhouse in the right direction, then the country can reach the lofty heights. Youth today is a major resource for not only development of financial prosperity but for social changes as well. However, despite holding such importance, their energy is still not being channelized in the right direction.
She appreciated the organizer of the 3rd State Level Youth Convention for doing a commendable job in uniting the youth of different parts of the State on a single platform. Such Convention should also be organized in different parts of the State, spreading the right message and infusing the right spirit, the spirit of love, peace, compassion, hard work and commitment in youth and their pivotal role in socio-economic development of the State. Youth empowerment can catalyze major social developments like poverty eradication, good education standard, good governance and crime reduction which will reduce the rate of poverty to a significant level. Similarly, empowered youth can understand the importance of education that leads to social improvement of the country by rejecting the status quo and pave the path for better governance  and also a skill to sustain a livelihood as well as preventing him  from doing crime.
She further mentioned about the ill effects of drug addiction among the youth and the impact of drug use in communities and the sheer desperation of parents to rescue their children from drug menace. Unfortunately, the State is substantially affected by drug trafficking and its concomitant issues.  Due to unemployment and poverty, Ganja and poppy are widely cultivated, she added.
Expressing grave concern over the scale of drug menace in the state, the Governor said she had taken an initiative for the State Government to co-host with the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime, Regional Office for South Asia a 2-day Regional International Conference-cum-Meeting on the theme, ‘Comprehensive Approach to combating illicit trafficking of Afghan Opiates and Drug Situation in the North East’ at Raj Bhavan, Imphal on 30 September – 01 October, 2019. Representatives from 6 South Asian countries and 7 States of the NE will congregate to hold brain storming deliberations on issues relating to drug trafficking and drug abuse.  
She also encourages the youths to stand up against the scourge of drug abuse, which is detrimental to the prospects of young generation. She expressed her  confidence  that if  youth abstain from all these bad habits, they will be able to surely shoulder the important responsibility for socio-economic development of the State and the country as a whole.
As a part of the Convention, Technical sessions and discussions were held. Prof. Dr. R.K. Lenin Dept. of Psychiatry RIMS Hospital gave a speech on the topic” Internet Addiction & its impact in our Health”, Dr. Lucy Duidang Jt. Director (CST) Manipur State AIDS Control Society gave a speech on the topic “Know your status and get Treated”, Prof. MC Arun, Manipur University gave a speech on the topic “Drug Problems and Need of a State Drug Policy” and Dr.Ibomcha, SP, Thoubal Police gave a speech on the topic “Cyber Crime an uses of Mobile Phone”.
Minister Karam Shyam, attended the Convention as President. And numbers of student from different schools also attended the Convocation.

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ST demand: Is this a consensus decision for all Meitei Meetei

The demand for scheduled Tribe status for Meetei/Meitei people might have been considered as legitimate for those supporting it. But for many the demand is a threat to the 2000 plus history of the erstwhile Asiatic Kingdom. It is not about being superior or not it is about protecting the status of the erstwhile nation. Misinterpreting the idea of opposing the demand by some self proclaimed intellectuals or in other words intellectual of the Indian system is a hurdle to the stand of the people. Every person from rich to poor, illiterate to literate knows the benefit provided to the Scheduled Tribe community and including in the list of Schedule Tribe will also give the similar facilities. People across the state particularly among the Meitei/Meetei people know that the Meitei / Meetei Community are now at a very critical stage. The apprehension of the land being occupied by the outsiders, the divide among the various ethnic community of the state and so on, are some of the worrisome issues. Will the demand for the ST for Meitei or Meetei community help in protecting the erstwhile nation, which has been a home of multiple ethnic community. Imphal Times journalist , Sh Ajit Singh, at one of his write up published yesterday in this newspaper also question the same by presenting a complete picture of the threat perception to the erstwhile Asiatic kingdom due to the issue of the NSCN-IM. In his write up it was also question whether the demand for the ST for Meetei/Meitei is a consensus demand for all the Meitei/Meetei community.
Well, It is a known fact that, before the merger of the erstwhile kingdom Manipur, to the Indian Union in 15 October, 1949, after the signing of the controversial merger agreement with the dominant of India in September 21, 1949, Manipur was then a sovereign nation having its own constitution. It is also a fact that meitei are the majority community and since the time there were many small communities whose status was not that good as compare with the then ruling community. These whole of the smaller ethnic communities are really backward that the state has to give some kind of status to improve their situation to compete with the major community.
But after Manipur was merged to the dominion of India (or say annexation) the so call majority meitei become a mere minority group when compare with those of the people of the mainland Indian community. Being an erstwhile kingdom with organised set up all the administration the meiteis are somewhat superior. But the influx of the illegal or legal migrants from the mainland has given a threat to this people.
When the valley region which is a home of all the Manipuri communities has been dominated by these so called illegal or legal migrants, there is definitely a threat to the cultural, social and economic condition of the state as a whole. It is considered that if the identity of meitei is protected all the other Manipuri communities like those under the Kuki, Naga, Zou, Paite, Hmar, Meitei Pangal can be protected.
Surprisingly the issue which should be supported by whole community has been somehow distorted with the idea of converting the whole meitei into ST status. This idea may be easy process but, the idea will definitely sabotage the healthy relationship between the Meetei and other ST communities. It is to be reminded only few among this STs have managed to come up but 95 percent of the STs need to be supported. Let the ST issue be never brought up at this crucial hour or people need to think why the matter which may incite anger between the ST people and Meetei community should be raise.