Rinku Khumukcham

Rinku Khumukcham

Rinku Khumukcham, Editor of Imphal Times has more than 15+ years in the field of Journalism. A seasoned editor, was a former editor of ISTV News. He resides in Keishamthong Elangbam Leikai, with his wife and parents. Rinku can be contacted at [email protected] 

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Imphal, Oct 26:

Kolkata’s Manipur Bhavan which is being run for the safety of Manipuri travellers outside the state today is no longer consider as a safe zone for Manipuris as it is often interfered by goon’s in connivance with some contract employees and are giving hindrance to its maintenance.

Eye witness told Imphal Times that a contract employee had even threatened the Deputy Resident Commissioner (DRC) when told not to interfere in the running of the Manipur Bhavan.

Earlier in middle week of December 2019, some other goons who stayed violating the guidelines allegedly kidnapped a relative of the Chief Minister of Manipur for ransom. The relative of the Chief Minister was however rescued and 5 suspected persons were arrested in connection with the kidnapping case.

There were complaints of many people being ill treated by some contract staff, however the matter even though reached the ear of the DRC fails to take any action against the staff as local goons of Kolkata came in support of the contract employees.

Source said that there are report of some staffs doing contract work by threatening the authority without maintaining quality control.

A person identified as Richard Khumanlambam and some of his company runs some unethical firms and are doing many supply and renovation work by intimidating the present DRC. Source said that no proper procedures for allotment of the works have been conducted.

When Imphal Times reporter drilled the matter, it comes to our knowledge that even an FIR has been lodged against Richard Khumanlambam for his alleged misconduct to the superior officer. Imphal Times reporter also finds that even the billing of such work done by those firms by intimidating the higher authority of the Manipur Bhavan.

For reason best known, the DRC has not taken any action against the said employee. The matter has also been reported to the GAD of the Government of Manipur but no action has been taken so far.

Mention may be made that among the five arrested in connection with the kidnapping of a relative of Chief Minister N. Biren Singh, one is a relative of the said contract employee  Richard Khumanlambam.

Monday, 26 October 2020 17:12

Understanding social media

A kitchen knife becomes the dangerous weapon if it is used to kill someone. But everybody knows that in today’s modern world we can’t live without kitchen knife we eat to live and for that it is next to impossible for someone to cook without cutting the vegetable.
Similar is with the technology, it does no harm as long as it is used for better live and living. The invention of social media with the advancement in internet technology has brought the people across the world too close to each other no matter where they settled at any part of the world. During these Pandemic time where people are advised to maintain social distancing the technology is helping the world. The technology has done too good for the people of this planet but there are also time that people think this technology as a curse rather than a boon. Like the kitchen knife, the social media tools too become the most dangerous weapon if misused with bad intention. However, unlike the kitchen knife what’s good in the social media is that they can be contained without harming anyone.
India officially banned TikTok along with various apparatus in the backdrop of tension with Chinese counterpart. The banned is being justified by many as these are the Chinese app that is invading the Indian either to incite hate or to suck money.
Some people however criticized the banned as it damaged the reputation of the state amongst tech investors.
One can disagree that the app promotes vulgarity but the content at large being produced by its users in the country is unproductive to a great extent. However, that was the case with other renowned social media platforms as well but acceptability came in light of the fact that without such platforms, life is incomplete now.
For instance, YouTube was initially simply considered a waste of time usually by people supporting old-fashion thinking. Same as with other social media platforms which were highly discouraged by people worldwide for spoiling the precious time of the youth and corrupting their mentality.
Now, the platform is helping people transform their lives through a multitude of ways. One can acquire skills from its content, enhance knowledge base, view entertaining videos, and, above all, make plenty of money through content production. There are still lots of issues emerging everyday on this platform but our government does not ban it anymore. What it does is sort out its issues through an understanding with the administration of social media platforms. This is the appropriate way to handle the situation; it becomes a win-win situation for the government, masses and definitely for YouTube which retains user viewership.
There are many other social media platforms for networking, micro-blogging and video-sharing that are now contributing significantly to the economy of the country, creating employment opportunities, boosting businesses volumes, and promoting investments. Yet, a significant portion of the content is still unproductive.
It is time that the government spell out a policy that defines the rules of business for these social media users through apps like Youtube or opening of a website and its users comprehensively. In this regard, educating the masses is the foremost responsibility for the state, not for the purpose of using the app productively but for the improvement of the socio-economic status of the masses at large.
The government could chalk out user guidelines for the population as part of awareness regarding the use of the apps. The ‘Dos and Don’ts’ should be spelled out clearly so that they are in accordance with the constitution, culture and religious values of the country. Regulations should be rolled out for the apps so that they can help the authorities in controlling the unscrupulous, criminal and anti-social behaviours in society. And last but not least, a speedy system of justice could be set up that would punish users who exploit the social media platform to harm people and society.
The internet is not a luxury and has become a necessity of life to a great extent. It is certainly the right of the government, as the representative of the people, to make decisions for their betterment and prosperity but the authorities concerned should realise that things could be sorted out in an appropriate way rather than through a blanket ban policy. A good and smart strategy for social media is much needed not only for the masses and the companies but for the economy and image of the country as well.


By- Phanjoubam Chingkhei

Of lately, there has been alarming rise in anti-Kuki rhetoric not just in social media but from few civil bodies, which in the long run is bound to heighten divisions among multi-ethnic state of Manipur.
History bears witness that Manipur Kukis, mostly Thadous, have played prominent role in multiple historic events of 19th century and 20th century assisting the Manipur troops, and have sacrificed a lot to protect their own cherished freedom. Unfortunately, taking advantage of their vulnerable position in the nineties of the last century, Manipur Kukis experienced unimaginable horror at the hands of Manipur Naga based militants which uprooted innumerable ancestral homes and barbaric killing of around 1000 civilians.
Unjust labelling of term Refugees against Kukis
The universal definition of refugees refers to those individuals seeking protection from prosecution and distressfrom an authoritarian form of government. The unjust term has been consistently labelled against Manipur Kukis by Manipur based Naga militants and their puppet organisationsafter anti-Kuki propaganda began to emerge ever since the concept of balkanisation of Manipur appeared.
The United Nations 1951 Refugee Convention defines “refugee” as those individuals “owing to well-founded fear of being persecuted for reasons of race, religion, nationality, membership of a particular social group or political opinion, is outside the country of his nationality and is unable or, owing to such fear, is unwilling to avail himself of the protection of that country; or who, not having a nationality and being outside the country of his former habitual residence as a result of such events, is unable or, owing to such fear, is willing to return to it.”
In 2011, the UNHCR recognised a person as refugees “who are outside their country of nationality or habitual residence and unable to return there owing to serious threats to life, physical integrity or freedom resulting from generalised violence or events seriously disturbing public order.”
Simply put, refugees refer to those who have been forced to flee their country due to persecution, war or violence for reasons based on race, religion, nationality, political opinion or membership and unable to return their home. This definition alone is sufficient to prove that Kukis who have been living in Manipur for more than 300 years are as much as indigenous and native like Meiteis, Rongmeis, Kom and plethora of other tribes.
Human history is one of migration from one region to another to seek for better live and this applied to Meitei’s very own historical figure of Poireiton and his horde who migrated from the yet to be determined place of Kham-nung-sawa, referred to as the land of death.
Though hate speech against Manipur Kukis has been consistent from certain section of Manipur Nagas, it is a recent development from Manipur Meiteis. The matter developed from being labelled the Manipur Kukis as “foreigners” by a senior person and his organisation consisting of few members cannot claim to bean apex body reflecting mindset of Manipur Meiteis, unlike the Kuki Inpi, the apex body of Manipur Kukis or the United Naga Council.The extremely irresponsible claim later spread over larger number of ignorant public.
However, the recent rise of hate-speech against Manipur Kukis and unjust labelling of them as “refugees” came about in connection with the Kuki uprising of 1917-1919 which Governor of Assam Sir Robert Reid acknowledged “as the most serious incident in the history of Manipur and its relations with its Hill subjects” which then cost an amount of Rs 28 lakhs, an enormous sum of the time.
The five-year long barbaric Kuki genocide has led to internal displacement and being not able to live their respective village of their forefathers, the government as caretakers of the public had to arrange for their safety and settle at a place where they are safe from gun-toting Manipur Naga militants led by one particular community. These victims were forced to flee their homes in their very own home state and did not come from across the border as has been led to belief though a rare few cases may have happen but is negligible and not worthy of consideration for many Meiteis who had long fled Manipur and settled in Bangladesh too have crossed into Indian side and reside in several parts of Manipur.
During the height of Kuki-Naga clashes, an executive meeting of United Naga Council (UNC) was held in October 1992 during which the body set 1972 as the base year for determining the land ownership of the Kukis in all hill districts of Manipur. Completely unreasonable, for UNC does not have any legitimate right to dictate such terms against law-abiding citizens, it should not be forgotten that Manipur Kukis who has so much contributed in various historic events of Manipur cannot be taken for granted.
During the Kuki genocide of the 90s, Ph. Tarapot writes “in most cases Kukis had been at the receiving end” with 350 Kuki villages being uprooted from 1992-1997 and tens of thousands of villagers internally displaced.
The myth and exaggerated role of Chingakham Sanajaoba during Kuki uprising
No doubt, the frequently mentioned, Chingakham Sanajaoba, a “low class” Meitei adventurer who claimed to possess “magic powers” toured to seek supporters among the simple Kukis who had for long been resentful over the harsh rule and domination by the British. Sanajaoba’s objective was to have the “royal house overthrown and he himself installed as the ruler of the state.” However, the Kukis had a different objective. Ph. Tarapot writes, “since the British assumed a major role in the state administration, some sections of Kukis…viewed the foreigners with suspicion and were not satisfied with the then prevailing system.”
Certain historians, spokesperson of certain irresponsible civil bodies, particularly one which was recently formed have been relentless to impress as if Sanajaoba was instrumental behind the deadly Kuki uprising. This is a misnomer, as Robert Reid says “Enjakhup, a Kuki ex-sepoy of the Naga Hills Battalion was described as the brains of the movement.”
Though Sanajaoba did painted a wrong picture amongst the simple Kukis of the time, the outbreak is strongly connected with the high-handed approach of JC Higgins and his party who in search of Chief Ngulkhup of Mombi set ablaze the village on October 17, 1917 prompting several Kuki chiefs to decide to fight the British despite poorly armed and heavily out-numbered. Under the overall leadership of Aishan chief Pu Chengjapao aided by many other influential chiefs, wildfire spread in the hills of Manipur which took more than two years to quell.
The intensity of the Kuki uprising was so much so that at one point there was a rumour that that the rebels planned to invade Imphal, which created panic among the Imphalites though it did not occurred. The role of Chingakham Sanajaoba has been exaggerated to much extent in order to portray the Kuki uprising as a random outburst without taking into the consideration their own discontent against harsh policies imposed against them.
Protection of their land and villages inherited from their forefathers, resistance against forceful occupation by others, emotional attachment are characteristic of indigenous people and not that of a refugee or a foreigner as propagated by vested interest.
Though the uprising is also connected with raising of the Manipur Labour Corps by recruiting able-bodied Kuki youths to serve in the First World War, there are more complexities which cannot be ignored. British officials later reported that among the various reasons, one which affected the psychology of the then Kuki ancestors was a rumour that if their able-bodied youths leave their villages, their woman and children would be attacked by Angami Nagas. How the rumour emerged was not able to be traced.
In another perspective, it should be understood that the flat refusal to send their able-bodied men at the behest of Rajah Churachand implies the Kukis under their chiefs did not have much regard for Manipur authorities for had they been under their complete subjugation they would be compelled to agree like certain section of other tribes who willingly served to act as porters for the white man.
Aftermath the conclusion of the Kuki uprising, Sir Nicholas Beaston Bell in a letter to Viceroy Lord Cheimfort in April 1919 wrote on what he thought of the general attitude of the Manipuris towards the Hillmen which is to get as much as he can out of the Hillman and do nothing for him in return.
Kukis active role in historic events of 19th and 20th century Manipur
EW Dun writes “they are naturally more courageous and better soldiers than the Manipuris” and some 700 Kuki irregulars were kept in addition to the regular state troops.
Ethnic Kukis were recruited in the Manipuri army in subduing several tribal villages which failed to paid tribute to the Manipuri rulers and played an important role during the Lushai expedition of 1870, the seize and subsequent relief of Kohima in 1878-led by Col Johnstone as well as the disastrous defeat of Manipur army at the hands of Kamhau/ Suktes during the reign ofRajah Chandrakriti, known as Ngameingam by the Thadou.
Sir James Johnstone recalled that Lt. later Col McCulloch who was the political agent at that time shared a great rapport with the Kukis and had “thousands of fierce Kukis settled as peaceful subjects of Manipur.” His policy of planting Kuki settlement on exposed frontiers prompted the Government of Bengal to try similar experiment and had large colony of Kukis settled in 1855 to act as barrier for North Cachar against the raids of the Angami Nagas. The British officers recognised the Kukis as courageous men than other of any people in Manipur and adjoining areas and were employed to protect the British subjects of Cachar against the raids of Angami Nagas and Lushai warriors.
During Johnstone’s time, the Manipur army consisted of about 5000 men with an additional 1000 to 1200 Kuki irregulars and played a great and significant role in rescuing the British garrison at Kohima in November 1878.
About expedition in the Naga Hills, the Deputy Assistant Quartermaster General’s report of this Naga Hills states that Lt. Col Johnstone’s Kuki levies had attacked Phesama, killing 200 of the enemies while also losing considerable loss of live during the attack. Surprisingly, the Manipuri army performed no other operations in this war (except as coolies and bringing supplies and in this respect they were invaluable.) (Johnstone)
Manipur Kukis in the rescue of Manipur Meiteis
William Shaw recalls that during the time of Burmese invasion of Manipur, the Manipur Raja fled for protection to the house of Khongsat Kuki’s father where he ate “ga” beans for several months to survive. Only after the Burmese left the valley, he returned with Khongsat father and Kaikholal Kuki and since then the Manipuris have treated them with respect.
When a proud Manipur Raja Chandrakriti decided to attack Kamhau Chief at Molbem village, and proceeded with a “great force” Chief Thangkhohen of Sangnao village sent his cousin Chief Pumjam of Bijang with some 1000 Kukis to help Chandrakriti. The battle with the ferocious Kamhaus, the terror of all tribes at one time, ended in the disgraceful flight of Manipur troops. William Shaw in his words recorded “the Raja was weeping on the banks of the Gun (Imphal) River at such a disgrace when one Chongja Kuki taking pity on him fired off his gun before the said and exclaimed that the Raja shall not die until I, Chongja, am first killed by the Raja’s enemies.” This eventually cheered the Manipur Rajah and Chongja along with his followers made a cane suspension bridge got Chandrakriti into safety.
During the period when Maharaj Bodhchandra was under intense pressurize to have Manipur merged with India by both the newly formed democratic India and Manipur Meiteis themselves, only the Kuki chiefs (The Haokips) sent more than 150 men to aid Bodhchandra to resist the signing of the merger agreement and protect the king from her Hindu subjects.
Today, all the contributions made by the Manipur Kukis for the welfare of the state has been sidelined and forgotten for particular reasons, one of obvious reason being undying love of a “blood-brother” community.
Manipur Kukis are as much as indigenous as Manipur Meiteis for their emotional attachment to the areas they occupy just as ethnic Meiteis have religious attachment to their sacred sites of Koubru peak, Nongmaijing Hills, Langol and many others in the hill districts.
Humanity lost
During the September 13, 1993 massacre of Kukis at Tamei, Ph. Tarapot based on few survivors account writes “Pleas for lives went unheard amid painful cries. Some shouted the names of known persons to save their lives, some attempted themselves to free from shackles. But all attempts went in vain.”
Media reports of surviving accounts of womenfolk included “brothers, please do not kill the children” to killers who they knew.
During the time of the clashes, Kuki Inpi Manipur had even approached the UNC, the apex civil body of Manipur Nagas, for a peaceful settlement and the two apex bodies met twice in 1994. However, the meetings were discontinued without an amicable solution as the NSCN-IM prevented the UNC.
Despite initiation of to restore peace by KIM, the increasing attack against Kuki civilians severely affected the process of which included the cold-blooded murder of prominent Kuki leaders S Pagin Kipgen (a retired army officer) and L. Thangeo, former vice-president of KIM. S Pagin was a popular personality among different communities. (Ph. Tarapot)
To conclude, the rising hate-speech against Kukis is an extremely dangerous for co-existence among all communities and no one claim Manipur as their own sole property. Development and mutual respect for one another is the only solution for long-lasting peace in Manipur state.
Let it be realised the Chingmi-Tammi slogan does not make any sense if one community continuously engage in hate-speech against brethren Manipur Kukis.

By- Rajkumar Babloo Singh

During the HERO I-LEAGUE 2017-2018, hosted by NEROCA FC, Imphal at Khuman Lampak Main Stadium. I had the privilege of being the Safety and Security Officer of all the matches. During this period, I had noticed some major shortfalls which ails the security arrangement made by my team during matches conducted in the stadium which are heavily crowded by fans. The Security arrangement were made under the aegis of NaobaThangjam then Director NEROCAFC and support of the management Classic Group of Hotels, NEROCA FC Fans Club and last but not the least discipline and well trained NCC cadets from Imphal Group NCC.
Whether you are hosting a Hero I-LeagueFootball match or State Level CC Meet Football Match, stadium security is a serious issue.Stadium security planning is an important part of keeping people safe while they enjoy the match.Here I amsharing someof my experiences and Tipsas reminders on how to organize and plan security for stadium events — from a CC meet to Hero I League full of people. Be in the know and learn more about how you can help everyone have a great time and run a successful event, while keeping everyone as safe as possible.
There is no substitute for the basics such as good fencing and other barriers, excellent lighting if the match is in the night, a well-maintained space (free of debris, potholes, etc.), an effective and well-trained security team, Ticket counters, frisking Booths at every entry gate and a well laid out security plan.
Walk the stadium early in the planning process. Imagine that:
ü You are an attendee just looking to have fun. What needs to be done to facilitate that fun?
ü You are a troublemaker, there to make a problem. Therefore, it’s important to placed you in the shoes of the trouble maker and understand all the measures that the distractor will be taking so that you can plan to counter does step.
ü Various serious emergencies break out (such as fire or an active shooter). What can you plan to mitigate those situations?
Planning for common and uncommon situations can help you and your team to be better prepared and respond appropriately in every situation.
In earlier days there was very little security arrangement at sporting events that also if some VVIP is attending the event, but in present days we simply can’t do without, we need top notch stadium security technology. Security is essential to keep people safe today, and part of that security is ensuring that people do not bring dangerous items into the venue itself.
Every event and location have different levels of need. A small football league may not need the same level of protection and security arrangement as a match like Hero Indian League, due to location, attendees, size, and atmosphere of the event. Think through what type of crowd will be attending, what risk factors exist, and what level of security is reasonable and necessary.
Some events may not need any type of body frisking or personal searches, while others might require metal detectors and x-ray machines. Some events limit what you can bring in, while others are more open. Make well-educated decisions based on your specific situation. But I recommend personal searches for the crowd like Manipur which always try to bring alcohol inside the stadium and that can lead to a brawl after drinking.
Event stadium security planning must include a plan to secure the area immediately outsidethe stadium as well as the interior.
Ensure that you protect the parking lot with lightingfor night match, security cameras, a manned security guard booth, ample signage, and more. Walk the area before the event to determine what else you may need.
In addition to the areas immediately outside the stadium (such as sidewalks and parking lots), be at least a little aware of the areas a bit further outside, such as the nearest buildings, streets, and alleyways. While most of the time these areas will be of little concern. In times of serious danger (such as a mass shooting), knowing the entrance, exit, and hiding spaces outside the venue can be invaluable. Having mobile guard booths stationed at every entrance to the facility can help you keep tabs on the world outside your zone, while also maintaining a visible presence along the perimeter.
Getting to know the people in the surrounding neighbourhood can also provide a real advantage. Talk to the people and learn what issues they see, and what concerns they have. Build bridges by offering them jobs in the arena or occasional free tickets. They, in turn, may help keep you informed of potential and actual problems occurring on the outside.
Many high-profile events today, are learning that having a well-staffed command center helps them handle all issues, small and large. A command center is a room, or a small building set apart from the event where supervisors/managers of various departments gather to monitor the events and communications.
With really large events, or events that are likely to experience problems, having representatives from the stadium administration, security, local police, fire, medical, maintenance, parking, and concessions can be extremely beneficial.
Havingsecurity frisking booths at every entry gate for ladies and gents both can be a deterrent and a help. They offer spaces and privacy for ladies and gents both while frisking.
Talk to any even management team about rental or purchase options for future use, and which is better for your event.
The state of the art in security technology is improving every day. Many wireless systems exist today to help you remotely monitor all areas of the venue, inside and out. If money is not a serious concern, there are security companies and suppliers that can create amazing, automatic, intricate systems. But many do-it-yourself bargain options exist that can be very effective for smaller applications.
Through all this planning, remember that the goal is, of course, to keep everyone safe. But for the people attending the event, the goal of the stadium and venue experience is to have a good time.
Work your security in a way that it does not interfere with the enjoyment of the event for the attendees. This means having well-trained, friendly guards and staff, as well as good signage all around the area.
For example, you don’t want people to park far away or walk a literal mile to the stadium, only to learn that they cannot bring their bag inside and must surrender it or return it to their car. Print security guidelines banned items on tickets, post it on the website, include in the newspaper advertisement or announced in the local publicity tours, have signs all around the venue and on the parking attendant booths with the rules, and have people walking around informing attendees of the guidelines to be followed.
Ø Conclusion
Therefore, views of all that can go possibly wrong while organizing the safety and security of people in crowed place it becomes and important necessity to plan fastidiously, impeccably and organized security in a manner befitting the reputation and image of the organizer and various clubs/teams participating the League which has to held in the stadium. Stepping in the shoes and mind of the trouble makers and disappointed fans who likely to cause problem, disturbance, bodily harm or destruction on a large scale will held up organizing the safety measures required on a large-scale event at any location.

***** The writer is a Security and Risk Management Professional. He can be reached at- This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

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