Rinku Khumukcham

Rinku Khumukcham

Rinku Khumukcham, Editor of Imphal Times has more than 15+ years in the field of Journalism. A seasoned editor, was a former editor of ISTV News. He resides in Keishamthong Elangbam Leikai, with his wife and parents. Rinku can be contacted at [email protected] 

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By -Mohammed Irfan Gufran

Introduction:
With over 13,00,000+ schools and over 315 million enrollments, India has the largest education system in the world. Due to educational reforms, since the 80s pre-school and primary schools have been made available to all children in India. According to the Right to Education Act 2009, schooling is free and compulsory for all children in the age group of 6 to 14 years. Most schools in India pay attention to academics and pay less attention to extra – curricular activities; the Indian education system follows a 10+2+3 pattern. The Indian education system is quite different from foreign nations. In western countries, the syllabus is considered to be quite and based on practical knowledge, while in India the focus in on theoretical knowledge and rote score. Students are expected to read all the chapters and bring good grades in the classroom. The marking system in Indian schools starts with primary classes, putting the burden on young children; the competition is increasing day by day. Parents want their children to perform better than their peers and teachers want their class to do better than other classes.
Higher education has expanded over the years in Manipur, both in terms of the number of institution and enrolment of students. From only one college in 1946 – 47, today higher education is imparted through 9 universities and more than 90 colleges including 7 women colleges but concentrated mainly in the valley districts. Of these 86 colleges affiliated under Manipur University and 1 constituent college (Manipur Institute of Technology).5 colleges has affiliated to Dhanamanjuri University. There are 2 colleges of teacher education along with 2 Medical (RIMS and JNIMS). In terms of enrolment also, there has been a massive expansion in higher education. From only 60 students in 1947 – 48, it rose to 35,424 in 2001 – 2002. The share of girl students to the total enrolment has also increased considerably, form only 2.01 percent in 1950 – 51 to 44.3 percent in 2001 – 2002.
Education System:
The progress of higher education in the state in terms of quality is not encouraging. Majority of the students in the colleges of Manipur appears to have anticipated at the time they entered the college that their higher education after secondary school stage would help them to better their employment prospects. They continue their study without any definite objective. Many of them don’t have keen interest in higher learning. They come to the colleges in the hope of getting jobs for which only such education would qualify them. The number of competent teachers is not many. There are a number of parts – time teachers in the colleges. The norms set ont by the U.G.C. are ignored in recruiting the part – time teachers. The gap between the students and teachers, and students to students has also widened in Manipur. The academic interactions between teachers and students and among students themselves have been very limited. In such situations, even the serious minded students do not have much of a chance of developing their potentialities.
The present higher education system in the state is not up to the desired standard. The quality of education in the colleges has deteriorated due to the mushroom growth of private colleges. These colleges are without adequate infrastructures and proper facilities. There are reports of irregular admission procedures, recruitment of incompetent teachers and financial hardship to make payment of teacher’s salaries etc. in these colleges. There has been mismanagement and corruption, and lack of proper academic atmosphere except in few urban colleges in the state.
It is unfortunate that the number of children in Government school is decreasing due to mismanagement and too much of political interference during the last two decades. It is crystal clear. The 2 education system is plagued by regional imbalance. Unless more effective measures are taken on priority basis for proper planning of schooling facilities, elimination of regional disparities and equalization of educational opportunities among all sections of the population will not be feasible.
For implementation of the various programmed for qualitative improvement of school education, it is necessary to note the present position in respect of enrolment indicating inter – district disparities, accessibility of schools to children, infrastructural deficiencies, non – availability of qualified teachers in village schools, attendance and drop – out rates.
The enrolment ratio for girls in Manipur has improved very much in comparison with that of the past decades. Yet, in rural and hill areas, the enrolment of girls and children of poor and illiterate families is still not encouraging. In fact, one of the main hurdles holding up progress in the universal enrolment is the presence of a number of illiterate persons. Although the literacy rate as per 1991 census is 60.96% as against all India literacy rate of 52.16%, in real terms the number of illiterate is on the increase due to high rate of growth of population. The present literacy rate of Manipur is 74.04%. The literacy rate of Male is 86.49% and female is 73.17%. Teaching profession has become the last resort in the job market for the competent and well qualified persons.
The census of India, (2001), depicted that four valley district and two hill districts of the state attained literacy rate above the national level whereas the remaining three hill districts attained below the average. However, high literacy rate in the state does not drive economic development because the method of importing education was not relevant to the global competitive education and it lead to high rate of educated un – employed persons in the state. The state has limited number of professional and vocational educational institutes. Moreover, the system of imparting education in general colleges are out – dated and the environment of education is polluted by numerous stakeholders in the state. Since the state failed to provide constructive education, students are starving of quality education and it leads to wider burden to the economy of the state.
Quite a few people who have neither the competence nor the aptitude for teaching have come into the profession over the last decades making mockery of school education in Manipur. Sufficient number of high quality teachers is generally not available at the time of recruitment for various reasons. This is another set – back for school education in Manipur.
On the other hand, there is little or no opportunity for the new recruits to attain the best possible professional preparation. There is no continuous orientation of in – service teachers. The conditions in which they are working are also less than satisfactory. In the circumstances, there is low motivation and low quality of teachers working in the schools.
Even though the size of rural and hill areas population is much bigger than that of urban population, the rural and hill areas are getting much less in respect of allocation of essential infrastructures including qualified teachers. According to the report of the comprehensive survey of education in Manipur (NCERT) 1972, about half of the teachers working in lower Primary Schools in Manipur were only middle schools class pass during the year 1972 – 73. Some of them had not even passed middle schools of the total number of middle still working in the schools of the total number middle pass teachers, 64% were teaching in the schools of rural and backward areas.
Further, the report revealed that under – matric teacher working in Government primary schools constituted 58.79% as against 33.31% in aided schools and 47.30% in purely private schools, and about 53% of the under matric teachers were untrained. Even today, the number of under – matric teachers working primary schools is about 40% of the total primary teachers.
The percentage of untrained teachers at primary, junior high and high school stages are still not satisfactory including schools under autonomous district councils. There were many incidences in which students eclipsed teachers in classroom teachings. Funny scene used to occur anywhere. In ultimate analysis, it is the teacher who is the kingpin of the teaching learning process. It is his or her quality, motivation and relationship that he or she establishes with the students and the innovative ways that he or she adopts in his or her teaching which would influence the quality of education.
The teacher input may actually more than compensate various inadequacies and deficiencies such as lack of attention by parents, their illiteracy, and absence of some physical facilities in the school. Indeed, there is positive relationship between teacher behaviour and pupil achievement. This would require professional development of the teachers. Orientation course of short duration for all in – service teachers would be essential to enable the teachers to perform their duties effectively.
There is inability to maintain proper academic calendar. The frequent bands, strikes and boycotts are the main hindrance in maintaining proper academic calendar. The most disturbing situation is the lack of proper academic atmosphere in the colleges and attitude of both teachers and students. If there is boycott of classes or a half – holiday, both students and teachers seem to enjoy and take advantage of the situations. They do not come the the colleges on these days. Even department/faculties are closed. Another disheartening situation is that some selections or groups of people threatened to call a band on a particular day only few students and teachers come to the colleges and few departments or faculties are opened on such days even it is call off or postponed in the last minute.
There are also lack of student’s knowledge and skills necessary to cope with the demands of their courses. Discipline, commitment and basic knowledge etc. are lacking. Lack of proper and adequate academic atmosphere, parental and government support and existence of corruption are some of the reasons for these situation. Therefore it is not surprising that many parents send their children outside the state for their studies.
The parents and teachers play an important role in sensitizing students about their educational and career choices. Students are to be informed of the modern avenues and changes from time to time. There is a need of a closer and consistent contact with the students and motivate them. No substantial efforts could be seen in this regard in the colleges of Manipur. There are no formal counseling centers in the colleges and no information is being disseminated to the students properly about their educational and career choices. Instead, different aspects and scopes of various subjects are being rendered to the students, that also only in some few colleges. Most of the parents also do not even bother where and how their children past their time. Thus the students themselves appear determine their educational and career choices.
The present higher education system has contributed to the problem of unemployment in the state. There has been increase in the number of graduates in the faculties of science, arts and commerce. There is lack of professional and technical institutions. State government cannot provide employment to all the graduates coming out from the general colleges. The state has also no large – scale industries to absorb these educated youths. These create a serious unemployment problem in the state.
Conclusion:
Manipur is a plural society with a mix of many distinct groups. The problem of education has been very much prevalent in the state day after day, month after month and year after year. Smooth running of educational institute is a far cry. The crisis of education in the state has many agencies; the blame starts from the highest level of political leader, they direct the blame upon the negligence of the concerned department, the concerned departments blame each other within their own department, teacher blame the 4 concerned leader of a state government and irregularity of student, student blames teacher, concerned department and the leaders of the state government, and the state government blame a concerned department of the Union government for allocating limited finance in education sector.Likewise, the blame never end, it goes on and on. Action against the guilty person has rarely happened since most of them are involved directly or indirectly in downgrading the system of education in the state. The few Good Samaritan could not reform the falling system of education without the support from the state bureaucrat and political godfather. Therefore, the system of education in the state is very far behind from the rest of the states in the country where educational technology played a significant role in global competitive education which lead forth to socio – economic development in the society.
A number of suggestions or solutions to the problem of higher education and graduate unemployment can be made. These include the qualitative improvement of the college curricula, restricting the intake into the degree courses, introduction or opening of professional and vocational subjects or courses, setting up of career counseling units equipped with the latest information bulletins about the development of the prospective careers etc. Parents and teachers should be the effective and motivating forces of the students besides guiding them. For teacher appointment process also, UPSC or the MPSC type of examination can be introduced in the state of Manipur so that the deserving candidates can be appointed as teachers. There is also a need for improvement of the present system of higher education in the state. This can be brought only when students do their own academic activity, strict adherence of proper academic calendar, proper regulations to increase expenditure and adequate attention of government on education.
Slogan: “Quality education is an Instrument for social change”

IT News

Imphal, Nov 28:

After the Board of Directors of the Salai Holding Private Limited fails to return back the money of the investors even after the Court has allowed functioning of the office, investors of the company seem to have lose their temper and it is likely that the investors may take the law into their hand and pour their anger by seizing all properties belonging to the company and also to those members of the Board of Directors.

The investors were angry because the Board of Directors once more tried to convince the investors by saying that the payment will start after a final hearing of a case that has been pending in the court.

“They had earlier stated that they will start payment after the NIA case and now after the court order to allow functioning of the office turning down NIA pleas, they now say to wait for another final hearing of a case”, an angry investor told Imphal Times reporters.

Tension gripped at the Salai Holding Office located at Tera Amudon yesterday. Locals of the area intervened and a meeting for only the local people have been convened along with the presence of the Board of Director’s representatives. It was during the meeting that the locals decided to form a committee to inquire the current asset of the Salai Holdings. The meeting also decided to shut the property of Samarjit who is the former Director of the Salai Holdings Private Limited.

During a telephonic conversation, an investor told Imphal Times that now they have crossed the limit and will not remain quiet.

“All the members of the Board of Directors are responsible and they are liable to pay the deposited amount to the investors”, an investor told this newspaper and added that they will take up all measures even at the cost of seizing all properties belonging to the members of the Board of Directors if failed to refund the deposited money.  

There are always ups and downs in revolutionary movement in any nation across the world. At the moment the armed revolutionary movement in the North East part of India particularly in the state of Manipur has been reduced to a mere law and order problem from the perspective of the Indian government. But during 80s and 90s, it was the Indian army that has been deployed to suppress the insurgency movement by equipping them with the Special Powers- the Armed Forces Special Powers Act. Had it been mere law and order problem, there is no reason for the then government of India to deploy Indian Army, which perhaps is one of the largest in the world. Moreover, it is worth mentioning that the issue of the armed movement here in the region has been put up in the De-colonization committee of the United Nation and at the UN General Assembly by one of the revolutionary group –Revolutionary Peoples’ Front. The group also signed the article 3 of the Geneva Convention. Another rebel group – the UNLF had also put up the issues of the Manipur and the armed movement for restoration of its sovereignty twice to the forum of the United Nations Human Rights Committee and the UN Indigenous Peoples’ Forum. Having known all the facts, the Indian government has been insisting that the armed conflicts in the region are just ‘Law and order problems.
Today the region sees the falls of the revolutionary movement in Manipur. What cause the falls of the movement has been highlighted in this newspaper’s editorial column of November 26. The interpretation of the write-up can be negative or positive for some groups. But it is the reality. However, it is just the falls and not the death of the movement. There hasn’t been a resolution or solution even as the movement has been presumed suppressed in the line that this column had highlighted. But what is needed to be understand is that this perhaps could be another warfare and the existence of the movement should be acknowledge by the Indian authority.
The founders of Marxism were also pretty well aware of the changing character of war. Engels in his introduction to Karl Marx’s – the Class Struggle in France: 1848-1850, written in 1895, mentions that history has shown that the mode of struggle is ‘Today obsolete in every respect’. And that the common form of all these revolutions was that they were minority revolutions.
On the other side Engels also said that conditions for insurrection have grown worse , that people would appear divided because the middle strata would never group round the proletariat.
What we see today is lack of appreciation to the movement from majority section as it is now virtually absent from the debates of the academia.
A retired Colonel of the Indian Army while speaking during a function in late 90s had stated that “if you know 50% of the strategy of your enemy you have won the war before striking at them”. During 2000s and till today several books on the revolutionary movement have been written. Several seminars had been held and several issues on the modus operandi of the movement had been held.
Media today have stopped discussing the issue of the armed revolutionary movement as reporting the line faces many obstacles from all sides. Except for pressure on what to report and what not to report, core issues of the movement have not been notice in the print media for a long time. But the world heard report of media being threatened creating a bad name to the revolutionary movement.

By- Iliyas Ali

Justice delayed is Justice Denied is rightly the present scenario of India and is also a legal maxim, which means that victims of crime and those accused of crime deserve access to a speedy trial and hopeful resolution. It is believed that the person who quoted “Justice delayed is justice delayed” was William E Gladstone, former British statesman and Prime Minister in the late 1800’s. However, he was not the first to express this notion, and it is arguable that it’s meaning has been explained vividly in many different ways for thousands of year.
India is a second largest populated and democratic country in the world. According to a recent report (Feb.16.2020), there are 60,444 cases pending in the Supreme court, 46 lakh cases in High court and 3.19 Crore in lower court. Apart from these, many are unreported. And also according to the National Crime Records Bureau(NCRB), more than 80% of reported crimes went unpunished due to several reasons and the loopholes in the present criminal justice system.
I agree that people are losing faith in judiciary. It is mainly because of long procedural delays and inevitable adjournments .That is why people are approaching the mafia which believe in out summary justice.
The preamble to the Indian Constitution declares that: “We the people of India having solemnly resolved to constitute India into sovereign, socialist, secular, democratic republic and to secure to all its citizens- Justice, Social, economic and political. However, seventh decades after independence, we have endless law, but not enough justice. The founding father of Indian constitution (Dr Bim Rao Ambedkar) place “justice” at the highest pedestal and our preamble to the constitution place justice higher than the other features like liberty, equality and fraternity. People use to go to the judiciary to pursue a goal of justice. Indian judiciary is one of the main pillars of democracy.
There are enormous number of cases which set the instance of our main subject “Justice delayed is justice denied”. Out of which let’s put forward the Nirbhaya (the fearless one) tragic case. The incident took place(16 December,2012) in Delhi (Capital of India) where she was gang-raped and murdered. Since then her parents were seeking the justice. On January 7,2020 after seven years of incident, a court confirmed a death warrants for all the four convicts in the Nirbhaya gang-rape and murder case on 22 January,2020. We thought that Nirbhaya would finally rest in peace. Days later, date of hanging has been changed multiple time since then and the justice appear to escape from Nirbhaya parents and we were reminded of excruciating delays in India’s judiciary system. After a long journey of court procedure, Nirbhaya case accomplished by hanging all the four perpetrators on 20 March,2020 . Nirbhaya got her justice but there are many cases whose court procedures remained static or sometime, they even quit the case as it was a long journey of contend. Besides, Majority of Indian are poor and illiterate but still they manage to go to courts by paying their hand earned money to advocates, law clerks and fail to get justice. This has been a curse and a major drawback to Indian judicial justice. Martin Luther rightly said, “Injustice anywhere is a threat to justice everywhere”.
What everyone urge is to disclose every aspect of evidence and give the valid justice as fast as possible, if feasible. There is also a says, “Hit it, when it is hot”. Moreover, Justice in hurry is justice worry”. It mean to say is that justice must not seek too fast that the innocent could be treated as culprit. As we see many a time right after the incident, first and foremost police arrest the suspected person without any valid evidence. Further going through court trail it found to be innocent. So, little delay a case may also bring the right justice.
Lastly, in viewing above mentioned perspectives. Justice must not be too late to mislead the evidence nor too fast to consider the innocent as guilty and ruin his entire life. Certainly “Justice delayed is justice denied” but the opposite of that “Swift justice is injustice” is also true”.

**** The writer is a student of Al Ameen Arts, Science and Commerce College, Bangalore , presently ensuing B.A, 5th Semester. He can be contacted at Cell Phone No. 9089801044 or at E-mail:- This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. .

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