Huirem Naresh

Huirem Naresh

Huirem Naresh, a resident of Keishamthong Elangbam has been with Imphal Times since its start, 2013. He handles mostly Press release and announcement related news. Naresh is also a social worker. He can be emailed at [email protected]

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From a Correspondent
Guwahati, March 26:

Borderland Narratives, the three-day Festival of Films from Contemporary Northeast India was inaugurated here today at the RGU campus by lamas of the ThuntanGatsellingGonpa, Itanagar who performed invocation chants as a way of blessing. 19 filmmakers representing the 8 States in the region have arrived at the festival to share their films and to have extended interactions with the audience.
Speaking on the occasion, Chief Patron of the Festival and RGU Vice-Chancellor Prof Saket Kushwaha while expressing happiness to be a part of the programme, commended the partnering organizations for the initiative. Elaborating on the role that cinema has on society, he said that films have the real potential for bringing out the ‘post-truth’. “On the one hand, they bring out the practices and the truth from the past and from the existing cultures, and on the other, they also bring out trends to the people and we learn a lot from that”, Prof. Kushwaha said. Citing the example of the cartoon character ‘Popeye the Sailor’, he narrated how a film can be convincing just like the cartoon convinced and encouraged children to eat spinach instead of fast food.
Sometimes, when we compare the impact that filmmakers have on audiences, we realize that films reach out as a very powerful medium. So we really need to salute the work that filmmakers do in the pursuit of their art, the VC said, adding that the University to the fullest would support this initiative of the film festival.
Richa Negi, Regional Director, Indira Gandhi National Centre for Arts, NERC, Guwahati expressed pleasure and gratitude to be a part of the important event, saying “it is a landmark in itself”. INGCA has established several regional centres all over the country like the one in Guwahati, she said, adding that it concentrates on the tradition and cultural practices in the regionby which the centre can conduct research, surveys and publications of films and also documentation. “At the moment IGNCA is in the process of signing MoUs with various Universities all over the country to conduct study in areas of mutual interest”, she said adding that the IGNCA was looking forward for a long term collaboration with Rajiv Gandhi University.
Prof Simon John, Director AITS and Festival Director, while welcoming the filmmakers and other dignitaries said the aim of this festival is to bring the filmmakers from the region together on one platform. ‘We are currently focusing on the film makers and directors of North-East India who are making films of different communities and in engaging new ways.” Prof. Simon added that while “scholars are not filmmakers but we are very interested in audio-visual documentation because we need audio visual document as a supplement for our research.”
Introducing Borderland Narratives 2019, Festival Director Moji Riba saluted the filmmakers who are attending the festival and said that art has a responsibility to shape the way society evolves. He elaborated that the main idea of having the festival has to see how stories of our cultural heritage and of our lives in the present are narrated in new forms and innovative idioms.
Prof. Jumyir Basar of the AITS in her closing notes said that the Institute, which was set up by Prof. Mibang with a clear vision for engaging in research and outreach amongst the communities in the State, is constantly exploring new and inter-disciplinary ways of how this can be achieved.
As part of the programme, Vice-Chancellor Kushwaha and founding Director of the AITS Prof. Tamo Mibang released the newsletter of the Centre For Endangered Languages as well as the Festival Booklet.
On the opening day, films that were screened included Those Songs and Lullabies I Used To Sing by Kombong Darang (CFEL, RGU), Loktak Lairembee by Haobam Paban Kumar (Manipur), Nana by TiemsumukAier (Nagaland), Songs of the Blue Hills by Utpal Borpujari (Assam) and Ralang Road by Karma Takapa (Sikkim).
The festival is organized by the Arunachal Institute of Tribal Studies (AITS) RGU in collaboration with Indira Gandhi National Centre for the Arts, NERC, Guwahati with CCRD, Mishmi Takin, Centre for Endangered Languages and the Department of Mass Communication RGU are festival partners.

By a correspondent  
New Delhi, March 26,

Raring to go after a couple of weeks of intense training, 2017 champion PV Sindhu is eager to lay her hands on the trophy again as the Yonex-Sunrise India Open 2019 gets underway, here today. 
The World No. 6 reached the final of India’s premier badminton tournament for the last two years. Losing a nail-biter has undoubtedly made her more determined this time.
“I had a few weeks to train and am all set for the tournament. I hope I do my best. I was the 2017 winner and last year I was the runner-up. But I hope this time I get the title,” said Sindhu on the eve of the tournament.
The withdrawal of World No. 2 Chen Yufei has made the Indian shuttle queen as the top billing of this World Tour Super 500 tournament. However, that hasn’t put any extra pressure on the shoulders of the Rio Olympics silver medallist. Sindhu, in fact, is hoping to ride high on the crowd support at the Indira Gandhi Stadium.
In the absence of Shi Yuqi due to injury, 2017 winner Viktor Axelsen has got the highest seeding and the Dane will be aiming to win his second crown. This also opens up the competition.
“It is always really competitive, and the Indians are always dangerous to face at home. But I am not focussing on it and am looking forward to my first round match,” said the Rio Olympic bronze medallist on the quality of competition he will face at the tournament.
2015 men’s singles winner Kidambi Srikanth was also upbeat about his chances at the Yonex-Sunrise India Open 2019. 
“I always play to win; it’s a good draw and I feel it will be a great competition with so many quality international stars coming in for the tournament.”
Srikanth, who is now ranked No. 7 in the world, also made it clear that his goal is to climb back into the top 3. Injuries had robbed him of consistency since his phenomenal season in 2017 but with an improved fitness, Srikanth is looking forward to creating fireworks again.
2012 Olympic gold medallist Li Xuerui was also present at the pre-tournament press conference and she hopes to use this tournament to continue her comeback to the highest echelons of the sport.
The ninth edition of the Yonex-Sunrise India Open- part of HSBC BWF World Tour Super 500 will witness participation of 292 shuttlers from 13 counties across five categories at the Indira Gandhi Stadium till March 31.

By : Dr. Thangjam Ranjit
Sinam Leikai, Thangmeiband
# 8787692023

Meetei Community is one of the main tribes of Manipur and North East India and possesses all the characteristic of becoming a tribe living in permanent society. Though, the majority of Meetei population embraces Hindusim/Vaishnovism, they do not give up their age-old traditions, cultures, way of life, etc, of their fore fathers. They have been following the rituals of birth, marriage, death etc in the way their fore-fathers were practicing, even before the time of their conversion into Hinduism during the reign of King Pamheiba(1709-1848). This is again confirmed by the census of India 1931,vol-I page-430, it records “Manipuris” as wholly “Hindu Tribe” but retaining their distinctive  language and culture”. Followers of Sanamahism/Meeteism which constitute over  two lakhs population also have been strictly following  traditions and cultures of their forefathers  till date similar to other Meetei Hindus.
The fact that Meeteis are living in a permanent tribal society are borne out by the historic resolution of the International Labour  Organization(ILO), a specialized agency of UNO,  which adopted  its  Convention No. 169 in 1989, based on general attitude of respect for the  cultures and way of life of indigenous and  tribal people, and the fundamental assumption that indigenous and tribal people constitute  permanent societies. This landmark resolution, however, contradicts ILO convention No,107 of 1957 which is based on temporary tribal societies but obsolete now,
The fact that Meetei (Manipuri) is tribe/Principal tribe of Manipur and N.E. India is authenticated by many official records, gazetteers, publications, memoirs books, etc. Mention may be made of Census of India 1891, 1901 and 1931; Imperial Gazetteer  of Bengal and Assam (1909); Gazetteer of Manipur by Caption EW Dunn (1886), Gazettter of Bengal and  N.E. India (1909); Statistical Accounts of the Native State of Manipur,  the Hill Territory, under its Rules by Dr. R. Brown, Political Agent in Manipur (1873); the New Encyclopedia Britannica; Ethnicity and Social Change by Prof,. Gangmumei Kamei, among others. History of the Tangkhul Nagas written by A.S. W. Shimray mentions Tangkhuls and Meeteis are descendants of the same progenitor and that ancestors of the Tangkhuls and Meeteis are brothers.  The Meiheis” written by T.C. Hodson, late Political Agent of Manipur (an Anthropologist) mentions Meitei as a tribe, so on and so forth.
On the other hand, people in the hills, except few thousands Zeliangrongs, almost 99% of the population have embraced Christianity but have abandoned their traditional cultures and ways of life. In other words, the old rituals of birth, marriage, death, etc,. of their forefathers which were in practice before embracing Christianity are no longer in practice. They are living in the way true Christians of the West are living, forgetting the old tradition   and culture of their forefathers. However, in the midsts of strong influence of Christianity in the hills and Hinduism in the valley area of the state, sizeable population of the Meitei and Zeliangrong are still following their all cultures and traditions of their forefathers, in the name of “Sanamahi”  and  Tingkao Rangwa. That is why, UNO describes such communities, who have been following the old cultures, tradition and way of life of their ancestors as “Permanent Tribal  Society”. Again, Meetei  being a bonafide indigenous people of the state and following old cultures and traditions of their forefathers are scheduled tribe, according  to the Supreme Court of India, the highest Court of the country, as per its judgment(Criminal Appeal No.11/2011(Special) Leave petition No. 10367 of 2010)  of 5th, 2011, which state “Scheduled Tribes or Adivasis are the original inhabitants of India and constitutes about 8% of our total population.
Again, Meetei qualifies the old and new criteria laid down by the Govt. of India/ Ministry of Tribal Affairs.
The old criteria are:
1. Indication of Primitive traits.
2. Distinctive culture.
3. Shyness of contact with the community at large.
4. Geographical  isolation.
5. Backwardness.
The new criteria (under consideration) proposed by Panda Committee 2014 are:
1. Autonomous religious practices, although practicing the Hindu way of life would not be a bar.
2. Marital relationship with other tribes (majority in the tribe should marry within the tribe or with other tribes not with non Tribals).
3. Distinctive culture.
4. Historical and Geographical isolation.
5. Socio- economic and educational backwardness.
6. Distinctive language.
Meeteis having been officially documented as a tribe or principal tribe earlier, qualify both the old and new criteria of being a tribe in the context of Article 342 (1) of the Indian Constitution, and accordingly Meetei can be enlisted in the ST list of the state/country and receive constitutional safeguard for Manipur Valley where Meeties can inhabit in scheduled Area in the same manner as that of the hills areas of the state by hill people. This way fertile Imphal valley area  which is producing tasty and substantial  food grains, vegetables,  fishes, etc. can be saved for livelihood of both the people living in the hills and valley.
Had Meetei is been enlisted in the ST list along with our brethren in the hills, without indulging in corruption by the then so called educated people of the state to the visiting members of Minority Commission of the Govt. of India in 1950, the present situation of mistrust and seemingly hill-valley divide among the people in the state would not have been existed but a peaceful, progressive and harmonious tribal society of a hill state called Manipur. We can achieve this status of Manipuri society in near future  if the Meetei are given ST status  by Government of India under Article 342(1) of the Indian constitution.
We should remember that   the indigenous people in the state are looked upon as tribes by the people of North East, India and world over except few immigrant STs.

IT Exclusive
For almost eight years the appealed against the verdict of the Session Judge Manipur West for punishment of 9 persons for their involvement in the infamous medical scam case has been withhold by the Manipur High Court as the high court is still preparing paper book.
According to report, state government had handed over the medical scam case to CBI in 2007 at which over lakhs of rupees for procurement of scissors, towels and medical equipment has been reportedly misappropriated by some concern officials of the time. Accordingly the CBI charge sheeted against   Dr.G.Mani Singh, T. Jamkhothang, Dr.H. Lalfethang, Lienkhohum, Lal.H.Varte, Bidhu, Jayananda, Ibochou and Mohondas under the trial case number 11/1999/9/2007.
The Court of Session Judge Manipur West, Justice Th. Surbala Devi passed the order on 16.10.2008 having 286 pages each for three years Rigorous imprisonment and fine of rupees one lakh each.
However, in the same month of 2008, all the accused filed appeal to the Guwahati High Court and now the case is with the Manipur high Court.
But, the present statuses of the said cases on 16.2.2009, judge’s order “registry is directed to prepare the paper book and list after the preparation of paper book” sources said that all convicted accuses are living in free and one had died before the last verdict. All the cases are lying in freeze to the High Court of Manipur after the appeal comes.

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