Huirem Naresh

Huirem Naresh

Huirem Naresh, a resident of Keishamthong Elangbam has been with Imphal Times since its start, 2013. He handles mostly Press release and announcement related news. Naresh is also a social worker. He can be emailed at [email protected]

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By : Meghachandra Kongbam
Imphal, June 27,  

The 30 minute long Poulah film- Look at the Sky directed and written by Ashok Veilou won the Best Film in Short Film category of the recently concluded 12th International Documentary and Short Film Festival of Kerala 2019 held from 21 to 26 June at Thiruvananthpuram. The festival, which had over the years evolved into the key platform for non-fiction filmmaking in the country, was organised by the Kerala State Chalchitra Academy as a part of its endeavour to catalyse a vibrant documentary and short film movement.
 The film made in Paulah dialect spoken by Poumai tribe in Senapati District was among 19 films selected for the competition section of the category. The citation read, “A subtle, gentle but emphatic portrayal of political dissent that is also of great anthropological value in the way it documents the life of the indigenous community, its culture, beliefs and philosophies.”
The film narrates about a man outcast by his village for not supporting the village candidate in the election. He shows courage and fights for his right. The film features Ngoale Hepunii of Koide village in Senapati district in the lead role. The wife is played Angela Pou and the two sons by Sousii Veipou and Thole Rahavei.
Hai is a 40-year-old villager with a wife and two sons. He lives in remote Purul village in the sate of Manipur in India’s northeast. His family is outcast by the villagers for not supporting the popular candidate during the election. Despite all odds, Hai fights for his individual right - the right to vote and elect his representatives. Hai’s family undergoes a series of emotional, spiritual and physical tortures from the villagers. Yet, unashamed and ambitious Hai fights for dignity. He defiantly displays inner truth and courage by saying ‘no’, loudly and proudly, to the villagers. Hai and family at the end faces crushing experience of absolute powerlessness when the whole menfolk’s of the village perform social curse upon the family. The mass whooping is followed by shouts “Whoever does not follow the village ways, let them die before the year ends”. The film ends with the grandpa giving blessing to Hai’s sons “Cross over many rivers and mountains; Overcome all evils and troubles; May your live for the greater purpose of humanity”.
The film was cinematographed by Jithu George from Kerala, edited by Pousheru Ngade from Purul village, Manipur, who passed from the Satyajit Ray Film and Television Institute, Kolkata in Editing, and Sandeep Singh from Uttar Pradesh designed the sound.
The film also bagged the Golden Royal Bengal Tiger with a cash prize of Rs. 5 lakhs for the best short film award in Kolkata International Film Festival (KIFF) 2018. Earlier, his ‘Tou-Tai’ (Seed) won the Golden Royal Bengal Tiger for best Short Film in KIFF 2016.
The 28 years old director completed his 3-year PG in Direction and Screenplay Writing from the Satyajit Ray Film and Television Institute, Kolkata, after graduation in Mass Communication and Video Production from St. Anthony College, Shillong.
He is the son of Thaipei Peter of Purul Village. According to family sources, Ashok is a very simple and down to earth person and continue to focus on his career.
Ashok Veilou’s elder brother Alexander Leo Pou is also renowned documentary film maker, who has got diploma in the Film Production and Television from SRFTI and is now working in National Film Development Corporation.
Ashok Veilou was happy that he was able to tell the story of his people and its rich culture to the world which otherwise might have never been told. He expressed his gratitude to the people of Purul, Koide, Oinam and Shirong for the making the film possible. Ashok Veilou says “My people are the backbone of the film. I want to tell their stories for the better world”.

By : Sakshi Jaiswal

It is time to rephrase the saying ‘It is like cancer and there is no cure’ by putting an end to the fear of being diagnosed by the dreadful disease. A 67-year-old resident of South Delhi, Mr N K Choudhary, proved that with hope and courage even the deadliest battles can be won by beating cancer – not once or twice – but as many as six times in a period of 13 years. Mr Choudhary was first diagnosed with oral cancer in 2005, followed by recurrence in 2007, 2010, 2014 and twice in 2018.Heapproached Dr Dinesh Singh, Director – Radiation Oncology, Max Super Specialty Hospital, Vaishaliwhen his oral cancer was detected for the third time in 2010 and started his treatment under the team. Mr Choudhary, visited Max Vaishali  for his radiotherapy treatment for the 5th time.

 In 2005, Mr Choudhary was diagnosed for the first time with tongue cancer for which he had undergone laser excision (removal of tumor using laser) and with few lifestyle modification, he was cancer free for two years and then he developed recurrence in the neck again in the year 2007 for which he underwent modified neck dissection for which he underwent adjuvant radiotherapy. And he was cured and was cancer-free for the next three years.

 However, in 2010 he developed a new primary cancer in hisright tonsil which was treated with concurrent chemo radiotherapy or in this case, re irradiationas he had undergone radiotherapy earlier as well. And through this procedure he led a cancer free life for the next four years.In 2014, unfortunately again, he was diagnosed with carcinoma of left last end of the tooth plate (retro molar trigone region) and hence, had to undergo a surgery (Composite resection with PMMC flap reconstruction) followed by an adjuvant radiation making it his third time of an effective radiotherapy.In February 2018, he again developed a small nodule in his face, lower lip with pus-like discharge. Biopsy from the lip wassquamous cell carcinoma.

 Dr Arun Goel Director Surgical Oncology Max Hospital Vaishali said that seeing the complexity of the case and the recurrence rate after all possible treatment, an internal tumour board meeting of doctors at Vaishali was scheduled to discuss this complex case and its further treatment. It was finally decided that since the surgery already happened   four times in the same location and nearby organs, re-doing the surgery at the same location again for the fifth time would bemutilating and would therefore, lead to a functional defect, it was decided by the tumour board that the cancer would be treated with ‘Concurrent Chemoradiotherapy’, if feasible.

 Post six months, the patient had recurrence in tongue again for the sixth time. Biopsy found out it to be a case of squamous cell carcinoma tongue.

 Patient was still under anaesthesia was shifted from OT to brachytherapy room under the radiotherapy department along with all sterilized conditions. For this patient specifically, aseptic corridors were created, and appropriate measures were taken to make sure that even the lift and passages are infection-free. Intraoperative brachy therapy was delivered at high dose of 10 Gy (grey) single sitting wherein, usually, only 2 Gy is given to a patient. The procedure took place for 5 hours, and went successfully and he was free from cancer.

 Through his whole journey which was filled with hardships, challenges and bleakness, one person who constantly supported him and stood still through thick and thin, was his wife, Mrs Ganga Choudhary. Cancer is a disease that not only affects one person but the entire community surrounding that person especially the partner. 

Speaking on the complexity of the case, Dr Dinesh Singh, Director – Radiation Oncology, Max Super Specialty hospital, Vaishali says, “This case is unique since the patient is a non-smoker and has never used tobacco in his life. Also, from a clinical point of view, administering radiotherapy even for the second time at the same geographical area is a big challenge because the normal surrounding tissues are at a risk of undergoing radiation necrosis. However, those patients who successfully are able to undergo re irradiation get good results. In this particular case, the patient was able to overcome radiotherapy successfully for the 5th time which is extremely rare. It was a very big challenge both for surgical oncology team and radiation oncology team. I could not find any previous reference or case study in which re-radiation was done for 5th time.”

 Six months post radiotherapy, Mr. Choudhary is doing well and there are no signs and symptoms of tissue necrosis. His recent PET CT scan has also shown complete resolution with no evidence of disease.

Thursday, 27 June 2019 17:15

Social Evolution of Meiteis

By- Dr. Sougaijam Priyokumar Meitei

“In Manipuri culture, despite of Hinduism, Meitei ideals, art, knowledge, worship patterns, dresses, festivals, foods, etc. are sustained and still unique to totalitarian Hindu society.”

The Meitei ethnic group primarily has two forms of religious systems. One is Vaishnavite group, a sect of Hinduism and other is Sanamahi, a revivalist group of Meitei traditional religion. However, this difference in belief system cannot separate between these two groups because Meiteis are compactly bound together by social history, kinship system, marriage system, rites & rituals, totems & taboos, food habits and attires. Therefore, being a Manipuri, understanding the social history and cultural evolution of Meitei people by studying its various forms of social institutions is very much necessary.   
From the very beginning, sense of oneness among the individuals and social groups is brought up by social organisation or civil society organisation, of which village organisation, local clubs, Meira Paibi (Women Association) may be mentioned. Whenever, there is any political or social crisis, these organisations play an important role in resolving the issues. Keeping in mind this common Meitei belongingness, sense of solidarity must be retained irrespective of the religious belief system, caste or creed. Reviving the cultural identity through revivalist movement such as giving due importance to Ebudhou Pakhangba (ancestral God), developing Meitei Script (Meitei Mayek) are handful contribution of revivalist movement to Manipuri society. The leaders and intellectuals who dedicated in such struggles should be paid high regards. Paying respect as well following to the pathways of such selfless leaders who restlessly work for their society is the duty of the present Meitei generation. Meanwhile, it is indeed required to enlighten the youths who are future pillars of society through proper education and enculturation in bringing inclusive development of the nation.
The Meiteis are considered invariably as early people of Manipur. It had its own kingdom covering the areas surrounded by Kabaw Valley on the east, Naga hills on the north, Chin and Lushai hills on the south as well as some areas of Barak Valley on the west. Apart from it, boundaries were extended further through invasion towards east as well as towards west. Meitei or Manipuri kings were never remained isolated from its neighbouring people. Meiteis reside not only in Manipur, but also scattered in Myanmar, Bangladesh, Barak Valleys, Tripura, Guwahati, etc. There are evidences that some kings of Manipur had brought other peoples from various other regions, new cultures from neighbouring lands to strengthen own society and own culture. For Example, King Churachand brought Teli people to Manipur in order to meet the demands of vegetable oil in the light of economic needs. Therefore, acculturation, assimilation and cultural integration were in practice knowingly or unknowingly.
Owing to the Meitei kings being very powerful, external influences could not engulf Manipuri culture, rather the king got other ethnic people assimilated to the host society. Even, Hindunisation, could not wipe away the cultural identity of the Meitei, rather adopted and modified the Hindu elements, synthesized a new one with traditional culture. It shows the excellent creativity of Meiteis. Hindunisation was like immunisation to Meitei culture and made it immune to afflictions caused by other culture. Meitei culture had undergone beautification by fabrics of Hindus and indigenous elements being dominated by the later. In Manipuri culture, despite of Hinduism, Meitei ideals, art, knowledge, worship patterns, dresses, festivals, foods, etc. are sustained and still unique to totalitarian Hindu society.
Manipuri kings had numerous noblemen and intellectuals (Maichous) who persistently facilitated the kingship.  There were proper military system, record system, cultural and heritage preservation system. Meitei king fought Burmese, Chinese and could defeat them at different intervals. It means that there was capable kingdom having motive of kingdom expansion, neither marginalised nor separated from the essential features of a kingdom. One wise thing, even though people adopted Hinduism, the ill practice of caste system, child marriage, sati system etc were never in a position to victimise the Meitei king and his people. Some amicable concepts such as penalising for clan or sub clan endogamy which has scientifically cause and effect relationship from the genetical point of view as well were introduced. And, such practices are not similar with that of caste system and inter caste marital restrictions. The whole practice of the Manipuris was worth mentioning and done in a very calculative way for cultural growth.
After assimilating Meitei Brahmins (Bamons), the Meitei cultural identity became significant. Meitei style of dishes were enhanced and promoted to a larger extent by Meitei Brahmins.  A total of 108 dish items coupled with aesthetic values, cooked in ceremonial feasts & festivals, rites and rituals is really a wonderful gift to the cultural resource of Manipur. The then kings at their different eras, made strategic planning for social, cultural and political growth. To strengthen religious system, Brahmins were made assimilated, Muslim were made assimilated to strengthen military and economic system to the Manipuri society. Also, by witnessing the art forms of Vaishnavism, Meitei people created several innovative and unique things. Manipuri classical dance, Manipuri food, architect of Govindajee temple is some of such creations. Manipuri rice hotel (mostly in other states of north east) is famous because of Meitei Brahmins or Bamons for the unique styles of cooking.
Nevertheless, worshipping of Tulsi plant (Holy Basil) in the centre of courtyard is acculturated, the uniqueness in Manipuri style is still observed and identifiable, in the forms of praying, design of Tulsibong, design of mounding lump of soil or concrete altar where Tulsi is planted and circular sacred space around the Tulsi plant. Making fermented fish, Ngari, even though the fish is imported from Assam or Bengal, it is Manipuri style and will remain as the unique elements of Manipuri culture. From this progressive cultural phenomenon, it is revealed that Meitei culture did not lose anything by Hindunisation. Rather, Meitei culture had undergone beautification by amalgamating Hindus and indigenous cultural elements where uniqueness is distinctly observed. In fact, Manipuri culture is occupying a significant position in the universe because of Meitei ideals, arts, skills, food habits, etc. which can invariably be enshrined up to top classical level.
Meitei ideals are still capable of culminating integrity, peace and multi-cultural development in the state.

IT News
Imphal, June 26,

Armed rebel group Maoists Communist Party Manipur has declared ban of private banks and microfinance firms from snatching people’s homes.A statement by the Mnipur Maoists said that, private banks and microfinance firms now take heavy interest rates for money people borrow from them. Later in the name of recovering money which people have borrowed and the interest, they even snatched people’s homes. This cruel practice has become a norm, according to the Maoists, as it has been going on for a long time. The practices of snatching land and paddy fields entirely from people by these private firms must be stopped immediately. Instead, both the parties should come to an agreement and land and paddy field equivalent to the sum borrowed and interest due to the firms must only be exchanged while settling. The outfit threatens the firms and banks with dire consequences if they advantage of people taking their entire land and paddy fields as they cannot pay the interest and the sum back. People should join hands with the Maoists in this matter. Moreover, the party stated that houses and lands where people are livings should not be taken away from them. The banks should never give loans with lands where people are currently living as guarantee. It should only take as security lands where people are not currently residing, shops or vehicles. Manipur Maoists who are waging a revolution for a communist society taking forward the flame ignited by Lamyanba Irabot bans the private banks and firms from taking away people’s homes in the name of recovering loans immediately.

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