Jeet Akoijam

Jeet Akoijam

Jeet Akoijam, Resident Editor of Imphal Times hails from Singjamei Liwa Road. Has been with Imphal Times since its start. A National level Rugby player and  a regular Trekker and Nature Lover, loves spending time in lap of Mother Nature. Jeet is the father of two lovely kids. Jeet can be contacted at [email protected]

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The Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) adopted 20 points as short term plan at its conference at Nagoya which came to be known as The Nagoya Protocol and was adopted on 29 October 2010 in Nagoya, Japan and entered into force on 12 October 2014. In the COP-10 meeting, the parties agreed that previous biodiversity protection targets are not achieved which raised the need to come up with new plans and targets. The short term plan provides a set of 20 ambitious yet achievable targets, collectively known as the Aichi Targets. The Aichi Biodiversity Targets were included in the Strategic Plan for Biodiversity for the 2011-2020 period adopted by the 10th meeting of the Conference of the Parties of the Convention on Biological Diversity.
The Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) is the international legal instrument for “the conservation of biological diversity, the sustainable use of its components and the fair and equitable sharing of the benefits arising out of the utilization of genetic resources” that has been ratified by 196 nations. Its overall objective is to encourage actions, which will lead to a sustainable future. The conservation of biodiversity is a common concern of humankind. The Convention on Biological Diversity covers biodiversity at all levels: ecosystems, species and genetic resources. It also covers biotechnology, including through the Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety. In fact, it covers all possible domains that are directly or indirectly related to biodiversity and its role in development, ranging from science, politics and education to agriculture, business, culture and much more. The CBD’s governing body is the Conference of the Parties (COP). This ultimate authority of all governments (or Parties) that have ratified the treaty meets every two years to review progress, set priorities and commit to work plans.
According to CBD’s Global Biodiversity Outlook 5 report, none of the 20 ‘Aichi Biodiversity Targets’ agreed on by national governments through the United Nations Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) have been met. The world was supposed to meet these targets by 2020.
“At the global level, none of the 20 targets have been fully achieved, though six targets have been partially achieved,” the report said.   
These targets are about increasing awareness about the importance of biodiversity, incorporation of biodiversity values into local and national development and poverty reduction strategies, removal of incentives and subsidies which are harmful to biodiversity, sustainable production and consumption etc.
The targets were formed keeping in mind the underlying drivers for biodiversity loss and for setting benchmarks for improvements across drivers, pressures, the state of biodiversity, the benefits derived from it and the implementation of relevant policies and enabling conditions.
“The COVID-19 pandemic has further highlighted the importance of the relationship between people and nature and it reminds us all of the profound consequences to our own well-being and survival that can result from continued biodiversity loss and the degradation of ecosystems,” it added.
Things are not much different back home. With the state leaders scrambling everywhere with the impending bye-election and the cabinet reshuffle obviously taking precedence over everything , the already declining civic responsibilities have gone for a toss, and if it were not for a few private bodies catering to waste management solutions in the city, the condition of Imphal city would have been rather deplorable, what with the much publicized ‘Save Nambul Campaign’ meeting the same fate as that of the umpteen projects and campaigns governments in the state have launched till date. The state government should make better efforts to delegate authority and fix responsibility so that projects and work should come to their scheduled completion without unnecessary delays or disruptions. Protection and preservation of our biodiversity should be considered as crucial as protecting the political interest of the leaders, if not more.

Tuesday, 22 September 2020 17:38

Peace: an elusive concept

“Peace will not come out of a clash of arms but out of justice lived and done by unarmed nations in the face of odds.”- Mahatma Gandhi
Each year the International Day of Peace is observed around the world on 21 September. The UN General Assembly has declared this as a day devoted to strengthening the ideals of peace, through observing 24 hours of non-violence and cease-fire. The International Day of Peace was established in 1981 by the United Nations General Assembly. Two decades later, in 2001, the General Assembly unanimously voted to designate the Day as a period of non-violence and cease-fire. The United Nations invites all nations and people to honour a cessation of hostilities during the Day, and to otherwise commemorate the Day through education and public awareness on issues related to peace.
This year, it has been clearer than ever that we are not each other’s enemies. Rather, our common enemy is a tireless virus that threatens our health, security and very way of life. COVID-19 has thrown our world into turmoil and forcibly reminded us that what happens in one
part of the planet can impact people everywhere. In March, UN Secretary-General António Guterres called on all warring parties to lay down their weapons and focus on the battle against this unprecedented global pandemic. While the message is intended for armed parties, solidarity and cooperation across borders, sectors and generations are also needed to win this new fight against the worst public health crisis of our time.
For the United Nations, 2020 was already meant to be a year of listening and learning. To mark its 75th anniversary, the UN has invited millions of people worldwide to join UN75, the largest and furthest-reaching global conversation on building the peaceful and prosperous future that we want. An UN official release on the occasion reads “As we struggle to defeat COVID-19, your voice is more important than ever. In these difficult times of physical distancing, this International Day of Peace will be dedicated to fostering dialogue and collecting ideas. The world will be invited to unite and share thoughts on how to weather this storm, heal our planet and change it for the better. Even though we may not be able to stand next to each other, we can still dream together.” Adopting the 2020 theme for the International Day of Peace as “Shaping Peace Together”, the United Nations urge the people the world over to celebrate the day by spreading compassion, kindness and hope in the face of the pandemic, to stand together with the UN against attempts to use the virus to promote discrimination or hatred and to join the UN so that everybody can shape peace together.
António Guterres, Secretary-General of the United Nations has been quoted urging, “warring parties to lay down their weapons. These are not normal times, and our responses cannot be routine. The pandemic is not just a health issue. It is having direct and troubling effects on development, peace, and security. Our global ceasefire appeal is resonating in many places and with many different groups. While distrust can make implementation difficult, I have been heartened by the strong support the appeal has received from civil society, which can influence and mobilize people at the grassroots.”
Closer home, a dark cloud of uncertainty is looming beyond the horizon for the people of the state, and if the centre does take any unilateral step to try and appease a particular group or community without heeding the concerned voices of reason, then the fragile lull the state and the region as a whole is experiencing at present is bound to shatter once again, when real and enduring peace looks so tatalisingly closer than ever before, drawing us back to the tumultuous and violent times that is still fresh in our collective memory. We would then be cursed forever for having mandated a government who has given in to the whims of warmongers and anarchists feeding on fear and coercion. We would have unwittingly or unwillingly be made party to setting a precedent for divisive forces to take root and prosper. Deeds, not words, will ultimately determine the future of the state and the country as a whole. For now, peace still remains an elusive concept, a tool of convenience for those walking the hallowed corridors of power.
 ”Peace is more important than all justice, and peace was not made for the sake of justice, but justice for the sake of peace.” – Martin Luther

IT News
Imphal, Sept 20:

Youth’s Forum for Protection of Human Rights (YFPHR)has expressed strong condemnation on the failure of the police in arresting the Child Rapist and also the act of Village Chief for protecting the Child Rapist.
A statement by the YFPHR demanded thorough investigation against the Moreh Police for its failure to arrest a child rapist who is booked under the POCSO Act, 2012 and appeal the Director General of Police to direct the Tengnoupal SP to arrest those people who are protecting the Child Rapist along with the people involved in compromising the matter with Rs. 3.5 Lacs.
On the 15th of September, 2020 it was learned that a 3 years old minor girl who as illegally adopted was raped by her cousin in one of the village located in Moreh which later the minor girl is kept at safer place after been rescued by the CWC, Tengnoupal.
“Till date the Moreh Police failed to arrest the Child Rapist on the ground that the matter has been settled through customary law after a payment of Rs. 3.5 Lacs. We have been further informed that the Child Rapist is a close relative to the Village Chief as result he has been kept protected.
The organization questions if POCSO Act, 2012 not applicable in Moreh Town? It also added if the POCSO Act, 2012 allows the Child Rapist to compromise with money?
The YFPHR, said that they will be writing to the Chief Justice of Manipur to take up Sue Motto case to monitor the investigation process and also write to the Governor of Manipur to assign a SIT to investigate such heinous crime.

A separate COVID-19 hospital has been a demand for most civil society organisations in the state. The government too think the idea of having a separate COVID-19 hospital may relief thousands of non covid patients in the state. Even as the government is yet to have one, the government had time and again expressed the need for opening of a separate COVID hospital. It is on record that even the Chief Minister of Manipur had once expressed his idea of converting one among the two major hospital- RIMS and JNIMS as COVID hospital, so that the non COVID patients may find relieved in getting health care facilities at one among the hospital. The idea is not bad as people desperately required one hospital for treatment of different ailments. It may take some time for the state to have a separate COVID hospital with all infrastructural requirements and man power, but opening of COVID care center at UNACCO Meitram and Trade Center Lamboi Khongnangkhong is appreciable move from the side of the government. But technically opening of COVID care centers is not helping much as COVID care center is different from COVID hospital. Perhaps that is the reason for the multiple complaints received from those staying at the center. 
It is almost 6 months that the Coronavirus has been invading us keeping all life to standstill. Hospitals – both private and government have come across various challenges in providing treatment to patients who are yet to know whether they are positive or negative. There were instances of some dedicated doctors providing treatment to patient in needs risking their life. One doctor at JNIMS even dare the virus and provided health care to COVID patient finally landing him as victim of COVID-19. He was however recovered.
Now some symptoms of COVID has been identified and if not adequate the two major hospitals – RIMS and JNIMS and some other private hospital like SHIJA hospital have medical equipment to support symptomatic COVID patient. But 90% of the COVID-19 positive patients are reported to be Asymptomatic. Of the 52 people died of so called COVID -19 , around 90 % are comorbid death , which means the cause of the death are indirectly related with the COVID as the virus was detected to the patient. Patient in needs of emergency who are yet to be tested are going to face extreme inconveniences and   suffering as the new protocol for providing treatment at all patients are going to be mandatory for COVID -19 testing. 
Opening a separate hospital for COVID -19 positive patient is he need of the hour other than opening of the COVID Care Center. However, it should not be mandatory that those emergency patient in needs of urgent medical treatment be shifted to the special COVID -19 hospital if in case tested COVID-19 positive. A strict directives should be given to all hospital to provide treatment if the case is of emergency types instead of transporting them to the COVID  hospital . And for that the government should provide all support including finance for such treatment. Co morbid death should be understand and it should be understand that such death can be prevented is provided timely medical treatment irrespective of whether he or she is a COVID-19 infected person. 
The health care system in the aftermath of the COVID-19 invasion need to be changed and government in consultation with all medical expert should frame a proper policy on how the health care facilities should be ensured to all the people irrespective of whether they are COVID-19 positive or negative.
As of now it is a fact that many have recovered COVID-19 . That means that there is a possibility of getting cure to any COVID-19 positive people if any ailments associated has been treated with extreme seriousness. 
It is time for the health department to convene a meeting of all those in the medical profession for formulation of a policy to ensure medical facilities to all people – both COVID and none COVID patients.

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