Monday, 18 May 2020 - Imphal Times

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Imphal, May 18:

After remanding in Police custody for 4 days, Lourembam Sanjoy the projected candidate for the upcoming By-Election of Andro AC was produced before Judicial Magistrate 1st Class Imphal East, Kimneingha Kipgen and was released on bail. As soon as Sanjoy was released, a team of Porompat Police Station rearrested him. Sanjoy was detained under Section 25 of Arms Act, 1959 and FIR no 30(5) 2020 APS 188/325/307/34 IPC and the court released him on bail due to lack of evidence of the charges labeled against him. Ch. Bimolchandra, the Defence Counsel of Sanjoy said “Today’s incident was most unfortunate and labeling one or the other charge to arrest him seems like a pre-plan.”

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Imphal, May 18:

The United Committee Manipur (UCM) has urged the Chief Minister of Manipur to disclose the action taken report to the presence of NSCN (IM) camps in Senapati and Chandel districts of Manipur.

A memorandum in the connection has been submitted today. The memorandum stated that some prominent former leaders of the United Naga Council in openly extending ceremoniously designed relief aids to the two well established camps of the NSCN (IM) in Manipur at Huthrong Brigade camp in Senapati and Ashiho Chaomi Battalion in Chandel District on May 8 and 13 as per reported to Eastmojo web portal.

It further said that the incident have definitely proven the unrestrained and open operation of the cadres of the NSCN(IM) inside the territory of Manipur  and added that such operation contradict the declaration of the late Prime minister of India Atal Bihari Vajpayee  on the 27th of July 2001 that the Ceasefire Agreement between the Government of India and NSCN (IM) was not extended to Manipur .

“Such act of the UNC leaders insults the martyrs of the Great June Uprising of 2001 and provoke the sentiments of the peace loving people of Manipur . The  people and UCM are now suspecting if the Government of India and our own state Government are betraying us. Both the Government of India and the state Government  has time and again stated that there wasn’t  any presence of NSCN-IM camps and cadres in Manipur .It was promised on several occasions that if NSCN-IM cadres are found operating in Manipur they would be dealt  with according to the laws of the land”, the memorandum added. 

The memorandum further said that on February 25, 2017 at Imphal public meeting for state legislative assembly election PM Modi expressed that the centre peace talk with the NSCN-IM will not hurt the interest of Manipur. There  is not a single word in the Naga Accord that is detrimental to the interest of Manipur and its people.

January 4,2019 on the Lok Sabha election PM Modi express that framework agreement will not hurt the sentiment of the Manipuri people.

And on April 7  4, 2019 Lok Sabha election PM Modi expressed that Framework Agreement will not affect territorial integrity and the administrative integrity or cultural integrity of Manipur .

The UCM further said that any solution of the angst and vexed Naga issue must not be at the cost of the existing collecting socio political, economy and cultural of the state.

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Imphal, May 18:

When Indian authority credited National Security Advisor Ajit Doval for the release of the 22 rebel cadres by Myanmar authority on May 15 and terming the handing over them to Indian authority as a symbol of strengthening the intelligent network between India and Myanmar, proscribed group Revolutionary People’s Front (RPF) said that the release of the prisoners was normal procedure of the Myanmar government that has been following as tradition every year in connection with the new year of Myanmar that falls in April. A statement by Publicity Secretary Roben Khuman said that Myanmar government released more number of prisoners this year in order to allow the prisoners in fighting the COVID-19 pandemic along with their family members. 

“The 22 revolutionary armies were handed over to India by the Myanmar government to allow them fighting the COVID-19 pandemic along with their families”, the RPF statement said. 

The statement said that such decision of the Myanmar government is welcome by the RPF. The statement further appealed the India government to follow the decision of the Myanmar government by releasing the prisoners and allow them to fight the COVID-19 pandemic with their families.

Myanmar is also a country that is fighting to contain the spread of the COVID-19 pandemic however the country unlike India, had never assaulted the people for violation of the lockdown. When people across the globe are fighting the COVID-19 pandemic together, people are facing racial slur and migrant workers are left with no choice but to work 1000s km to reach their home. While doing so, many have died either due to exhaustion or accident. Due to lack of proper policy the virus is spreading to more people.

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Imphal, May 18:

A team of IIT Guwahati Manipuri Students and Alumni led by N. Thoiba Singh donated a fooy operated hand washing unit to the Medical Superintendent of RIMS Hospital Prof. Ch. Arunkumar Singh today. The unit was installed in front of the Causality Block, RIMS Hospital for public utility. It is designed and developed by the IIT Guwahati Manipuri Students and Alumni. It is the third unit donated by the group. Earlier, it has been successfully installed at the CM Office and Manipur University Campus. The motive behind the development of such unit is for hands free washing to prevent spreading of COVID-19. The system has two paddles actuating hand wash bottle kept at hand wash platform and the one pedal for actuating link connected to water tap. It has also provision for tissue paper to wipe off the hand after hand washing. It ensures judicious used of water and also prevent physical touch of water tap and soap by hand.

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Imphal, May 18:

The Naga Students’ Federation expressed strong condemnation to the alleged extrajudicial and arbitrary chain of actions by the troops of 19th Sikh Regiment stationed at Pumoa village, Longding District, Arunachal Pradesh where a youth was detained and physically assaulted for no apparent reason and thereafter indiscriminately firing upon a crowd leading to the killing of a 60 year-old civilian, Lamdaan Lukham, on the spot while also injuring several others.
The federation said that the men in uniform have not been able to be an exemplary disciplined unit even during the nationwide lockdown and are mindlessly indulging in their trigger happy junket to which another innocent Naga soul had to fall victim to their bullets while also injuring many. All these, despite the clarion call by the United Nations for a global ceasefire to armed groups across the world in a unified response to the threat posed by COVID-19.
It added that the perturbing chain of events calls for the central government to review and revoke the draconian Armed Forces Special Powers Act (AFSPA) which has been in operation in almost all parts of the North-Eastern states allowing the Armed forces to operate with impunity in the region thereby claiming countless innocent lives and destroying those of thousands more.
The federation further demanded the central government to set-up an inquiry committee to be headed by a Retd. Judge of Supreme Court/High Court who will be empowered to conduct an impartial probe into the matter and bring the culprits to booked at the earliest. It further appealed the National/State Human Rights Commission as well as the National/State ST Commission to take suo-moto cognizance of the incident and initiate timely proceedings against those responsible for the barbaric act.

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IT Correspondent
Imphal, May 18:

In view of the surging number of Covid-19 cases in the country, based on the advice of the National Disaster Management Authority (NDMA) the national lock down was extended by the Union Government with freedom to state governments to delineate red, orange and green zones, on Sunday. As per the guidelines of the union ministry of home affairs, all domestic and international air travel haven been prohibited till 31 May, barring air ambulances. In an order issued on 17 May, the NDMA said, “considering the lockdown measures need to be implemented for a further period in the country to contain the spread of COVID-19, NDMA in exercise of the powers under Section 6 (2) (i) of the Disaster Management Act, 2005, hereby directs the ministries/departments of Government of India, State governments and State authorities to continue the lockdown measures up to 31 May, 2020. The authority further directs the National Executive Committee (NEC) to issue modifications in the guidelines as necessary, keeping in view the need to open up economic activities while containing the spread of COVID-19.”
The MHA guidelines are: Inter-state movement of buses allowed with mutual consent of states , except in containment zones, Metro and air travel remains suspended, movement of individuals for non-essential activities remain prohibited from 7 PM to 7 AM, States can decide delineation of red, orange and green zones and sports complexes and stadia will be permitted to open only for sports activities.  However, spectators will not be allowed in these complexes. Wearing of face covers is compulsory; spitting will be punishable with fine as may be prescribed in accordance with its laws, rules or regulations by the state/ UT local authority; and social distancing is to be followed by all persons in public places and in transport.  Marriage related gathering shall not have more than 50 guests.  For funerals/ last rites, the maximum number of persons allowed has been kept at 20. Consumption of liquor, paan, gutkha and tobacco etc., is not allowed in public places. The practice of work from home (WfH) should be followed to the extent possible and staggering of work hours should be adopted in respect of all offices and other establishments.  There should be provision for thermal scanning, hand wash and sanitizers at all entry and exit points and common areas and all work places and other sensitive locations are to be sanitized regularly. Local authorities should ensure that shops and markets open with staggered timings, so as to ensure social distancing.  All shops shall also have to ensure six feet distance (2 gaz ki doori) among customers and also not allow more than 5 persons at one time. With a view to ensure safety in offices and work places, employers on best effort basis should ensure that the Arogya Setu application is installed by all employees having compatible mobile phones. District authorities will advise individuals to install the Aarogya Setu application on compatible mobile phones and regularly update their health status on the app.  This will facilitate timely provision of medical attention to those individuals who are at risk. The lockdown was first imposed on March 24 and has seen three extensions till now.

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While the whole world is grappling with the still rampaging pandemic, a very serious and alarming concern is starting to creep into the minds of the collective public. The prolonged lockdown enforced by the government in an effort to contain the present crisis has thrown the academic calendar off the window, and there is nothing much anyone can do anything about right now. There is also the unfortunate fact that the situation might not improve enough to warrant the risk of opening educational institutions in the next few months. Our children are the most precious treasure for the whole of humankind. They are the future, the torch bearers of our species who will ensure the survival and progression as a distinct race that has come to rule the world and almost everything in it. And like everything, they also need to be prepped and prepared for the future, to carry forward and improve upon the advancements made in every aspect of our lives. It goes without saying that we should spare no expenses or efforts in nurturing and protecting them.
The bitter irony here, however, is that in our society there is an increasing evidence of apathy, reluctance and even willful misleading of the young children to serve some vested interests. The most glaring example of this is presently being witnessed in the way the state is providing education, or rather pretending to, to be more precise, to the children. Despite the verbiage and self-praise on the efforts being put into improving and modernising the education system in the state by the government, the utter failure of the whole exercise cannot be stressed enough. What is more disturbing is the fact that the state machinery vested with the power and the resources to bring about positive changes in the education system are still not ready to admit to their shortcomings, and therefore effectively curtailing the opportunity to review and redraw the system. The concern here has shifted from bringing up educated and qualified children to securing the biggest cut for oneself from the resources allocated for education. The end result- derelict schools, empty classrooms, absent teachers, negligent officials and depraved authorities who have totally lost the plot.
The danger, however does not stop here. Numerous social forces out to make a point regardless of the relevancy to the development and progress of the children are using these young and impressionable minds to echo their demands and diktats. Students too young to comprehend any social issues are often seen being used to shore up the numbers by various social and student bodies in the demand for various issues. There is also the dark and discomforting fact of child trafficking that has been largely ignored till now but one which is becoming a big cause for concern for everybody in the state in view of the rise in the occurrence of the crime. Yet another issue which will have far reaching consequences is the way incessant violence, crimes and social disruptions are starting to make impressions on the young minds. When such undesirable social aberrations are being taken as a way of life and understood as such, we have a big and unavoidable challenge before us, one which has the potential to bring the whole state into oblivion.
Nurturing and shaping our children is a collective responsibility of the society and we must learn to accept the challenge and take pride in chipping in with our efforts in trying to dispel the doubts and negative influences that are being experienced by the children. We need to look beyond narrow communal, religious or cultural boundaries and bring up our children to be eligible and qualified citizens of the world. The state authorities need to lead from the front. The current uncertain situation however presents an opportunity to plan for a radical change – one which can adapt and improve with the changing times without the hurdles of bureaucracy and corruption. This is a trial by fire for the children across the world and we must give them the best of opportunities and support to ensure a better future.          
 

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By : Marjing Mayanglambam

The day when you were born, I felt really happy for a new life was ahead of us. But you cried a lot, and it seemed very confusing, why Cry when you have just met our lovely parents? Well, it seemed that, Mind was still with the creator, and Body, with me. Looking after you was my sole duty, until Mind settles down with both of us. The day you gained the ability to see, it made me surprised and I felt the world through your sights. The day you said your first word “mama”, and our mom cried and laughed so hard, we both could feel it, right? Ah! Life was good back then, when we enjoyed a lot, you, crying when hungry, puking at mom’s lap, pooping at grandma’s bed, making silly faces at Dad’s silly baby expressions.
That day, do you remember the first moment you gained consciousness of our surroundings and when dear Mind came to us? That was when I felt so alone, and very down, for you and Mind bonded so fast, and ignored me most of the time. Nevertheless, being a part of you, I tried to participate and enjoy our, uh… well, I guess, yours and Mind’s life very much. The day you went to school and cried a lot because you were bullied, that day one of our closest friend betrayed us, that day our parents forgot our birthday due to their busy schedules and life tasks, that darkest day of our life when one of our relatives abused us sexually, that day our teacher made harsh comments on us in front of everyone, that day our lovely pet dog was kidnapped and killed, that thunderstruck day our dearest Grandma suddenly passed away when we were out stationed, that day we failed in an examination and our parents, teachers, friends were disappointed with us very much, that day our lover betrayed and left us for another person, those days where we were not selected at the applied jobs, that one ‘life and death situation’ day when You couldn’t grab hold anymore and tried to end our life, all those days, you, dear body always seemed to forget to look upon me, and instead, consulted with Mind,  yet, I constantly tried to console you and even wanted you to not recall all those bad memories and go on with our life without any remorse of the past, but, Mind was very intolerant and it let you to still remember those sad and bad moments even till today.
 Dear body, that day when you had to be forcefully taken to the mental health clinic, because you weren’t able to sleep or eat properly, couldn’t carry out life’s tasks normally, couldn’t focus or concentrate in studies, couldn’t meet anybody and sulked all alone in the dark corner of our room, constantly finding ways to end yourself, constantly feeling fearful, scared, and felt being looked upon by every eyes of the world, always weeping softly feeling that you were all alone in this big wide world, and unable to sought help from anyone; Did you know how much I cried in pain seeing your gloomy and feared face, which was once a smiling and happy face.
Now, during those sad and miserable days, what was Mind doing? Always supporting you to end ourselves for you felt somehow a burden to your own self and to all around us. Mind was corrupted, for it always brings up all of our past sorrowful memories, and guilts every time you felt sad, and also, even when you tried your best to make yourself happy, Mind tries to stop that bright feelings by bringing up the dark sided feelings. Finally, I admitted that we needed treatments in order to save yourself, and me too, so, it was Mind who needed the treatments and therapies the most. That Mind, ugh, why did it always resist the treatment procedures? It seemed like it was becoming a separate alien being. Why isn’t it cooperating with both of us and the therapies? Oh! Well, it seemed both of your bonding still to this day was too strong and I was unheeded.
Our parents felt ashamed of us in front of everyone, for in our society even though it is the year 2020, the knowledge of mental health and problems are very vague and seen in a very bad manner/taboo/aspect to this very day itself. Our friends started to call us ‘psycho’ for you had all those panic attacks regularly and acted weird due to the fears and anxieties. Our teachers started to treat us specially as if we were somebody totally different from the rest. The feeling of being different and abnormal made you feel even more insecure and scared that you wanted to stay all alone or even give up. I also suddenly realized, besides Mind and I, you had a separate instinctive social animal consciousness that made you function separately. This was the moment after the realization, that I pushed myself to the limits and tried to connect with you even more and strongly. You did realize that you were being played all along by Mind, and even you admitted that there was a strong and urgent need of mental support and care from someone who will understand us very clearly and dedicatedly. Our therapist, yes, they tried their best professionally, our parents, they are the ones who must play the major role in making us feel better, our friends, never give a 100% trust to any of them for they have their own lives too and it can’t be assured whether they will feel sympathetic or caring towards us, but, by the act of God, there’s always a few limited and rare individuals who’ll appear before us and provide us with many mental supports and care, regardless of their own benefits.      
“Finally, it is you, Body, I, your Soul, and Mind, the three of us who must make Ourselves feel better, happier, enjoyed, relaxed, and optimistic all the time.”

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By - Marina Seyie Narendra

Corona virus has paralysed normal life and restricted movements of migrant workers for atleast one year. Neither central government nor state government have sufficient resources to feed unemployed workers/youths for one year. Unemployment is the gravest and greatest challenge our society faces today. The current population of India is 1,378,367,849, based on projections of the latest United Nations data.
There are 29 states in India. Their populations range massively in size – the largest, Uttar Pradesh, holds almost 200 million people, the smallest, Sikkim, just over half a million. As per Centre for Monitoring Indian Economy, 27 million youth in the age group of 20-30 years lost their jobs in April 2020 following a nationwide lockdown to prevent the spread of Covid-19. Organic farming can be life saving for these unemployed youths in present situation because there is large scope in organic farming. India is home to 30 per cent of the total organic producers in the world, but accounts for just 2.59 per cent (1.5 million hectares) of the total organic cultivation area of 57.8 million hectares, according to the World of Organic Agriculture 2018 report. Organic farming has to be understood in detail before stepping in it. The concepts of organic agriculture were developed in the early 1900s by Sir Albert Howard, F.H. King, Rudolf Steiner. Prime Minister Narendra Modi declared Sikkim as the first organic state in the country on 19 January 2016. He also called the state a harbinger of organic farming, not only in India but around the world. Currently India ranks 33rd in terms of total land under organic cultivation and 88th in terms of the ratio of agricultural land under organic crops to total farming area. In today’s time where people are falling prey to chronic diseases easily, who would like to risk their life with the harmful pesticides and fertilizers? We should know that there is a way to rescue ourselves from these life threatening chemicals and that is Organic Farming. Organic Farming is a farming method which aims at cultivating the land and raising crops in such a way that the soil is kept alive and in good health by use of organic wastes (crop, animal and farm wastes, aquatic wastes) and other biological materials.
Government is promoting organic farming through various schemes/ programmes viz National Mission for Sustainable Agriculture (NMSA)/ Paramparagat Krishi Vikas Yojana(PKVY) , Rashtriya Krishi Vikas Yojana (RKVY), Mission for Integrated Development of Horticulture (MIDH), National Mission on Oilseeds & Oil Palm (NMOOP) Network Project on Organic Farming of Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR) and National Programme on Organic Production (NPOP) of Agricultural & Processed Food Products Export Development Authority (APEDA).
National Centre of Organic Farming is also organizing the training programmes for farmers in Saansad Adarsh Grams (SAGs) from year 2015-16. There is need to make villages of our country as organic farming hub. This will facilitate villages to promote efficient and sustainable use of natural, biological and human resources. This will also strengthen and upgrade rural food energy and livelihood security. A organic farming village/hub integrates various elements such as agriculture, horticulture, animal husbandry, soil and water conservation, entrepreneurship development, rural income improvement and ecological preservation using a cluster model approach for social economic development. It addresses crop production and other critical aspects like agri-input production, value addition, sustainable and clean energy, skill development, tourism and entrepreneurship development etc. According to many studies on employment opportunities in organic farming, organic farming requires more labour input than the conventional farming system. India which has a very large amount of labour unemployment and underemployment can generate agricultural jobs through organic farming in rural areas. In India the organic food market is approximately of Rs. 5.6 billion and is an emerging opportunity for generation of employment and income at village level. Therefore, it is pertinent to put emphasis on organic farming to generate job opportunities within states and avoid migrants of youths from one state to another state in search of jobs.
Points to dwell upon before starting an Organic Farm:-
-Learning the basics of natural and organic farming is the first step in starting an organic farm.
-The organic farm site should be near a clean water source as water is a non-negotiable resource for crop growth and health.
-The proximity of the farm to the marketplace also plays a big role in the sustainability of the farm.
-The farm’s closeness to the market allows for the easy transport and also helps in saving money in transportation of materials to the farm.
-It is extremely important to assess the site’s soil condition as well as the resources available.
-It is very important to know the type of market that a farmer is catering for. This consideration is very helpful in making the venture sustainable.
-Prepare the soil and make good compost because good soil means soil with nutrients necessary for the growth of plants.
-The process of growing a crop is a lengthy one. Organic farming takes time and it required more attention compared to conventional farming.
-There are certain techniques that need to be considered depending on the plant and farm condition.
-Regular watering is necessary for the plants to grow. Generally, plants are watered 2-3 times a day depending on their type as well as the location where they are being grown.
-Weeding is another important maintenance task.
-It is also very important to network with people who can help in selling farm products. These people also connects organic farmers to the right markets.
-Patience plays a key role because growing organic crops is a slow and tedious process. The farmer needs to be persistent and patient.
Various methods for practicing organic farming:
-Crop Diversity: Now a days a new practice has come into picture which is called Polyculture in which a variety of crops can be cultivated simultaneously just to meet the increasing demand of crops.
-Soil Management: Organic agriculture initiates the use of natural ways to increase the health of soil. It focuses on the use of bacteria that is present in animal waste which helps in making the soil nutrients more productive to enhance the soil. 
-Weed Management: Organic agriculture pressurizes on lowering the weed rather than removing it completely.
-Controlling other organisms: There are both useful and harmful organisms in the agricultural farm which affect the field. This can be done by the use of herbicides and pesticides that contain less chemicals or are natural.
-Livestock: Organic farming instigates domestic animals use to increase the sustainability of the farm.
-Genetic Modification: Genetic modification is kept away from this kind of agricultural set up because organic farming focuses on the use of natural ways and discourages engineered animals and plants.
to be continued
Various advantages of organic farming:
-Farmers can reduce their production costs because they do not need to buy expensive chemicals and fertilizers.
-Produces healthier farm products.
-It save energy and protect the environment.
-It can slow down global warming.
-Fewer residues in food.
-Animals and plants can live in the same place in a natural way. This is called biodiversity.
-Pollution of ground water will be stopped.
-Reduced exposure to Pesticides and Chemicals.
-Organic Farming Builds Healthy Soil.
-Combatting Erosion:Erosion issues are extremely serious, affecting the land, food supply, and humans.
-It supports water conservation and water health.
-Discouraging Algal Blooms:Algal blooms (HABs) result in adverse effects on the health of people and marine animals and organisms.
-Employment opportunities for youths
Challenge faced in organic farming:
-Lack of awareness on organic farming.
-Shortage of biomass.
-Marketing problem due to premium price of organic products.
-Inadequate supporting infrastructure.
-Lack of formulated policies of government.
-The certifying agencies are inadequate.
-The costs of the organic inputs are higher than inputs used in the conventional farming system.
-Lack of interest of youths in organic farming due to tedious process.
Points to overcome challenges faced in organic farming:
-Substantial financial support by governments is absolutely necessary to promote organic farming.
-Need to make organic farming an attractive proposition.
-A programme for organic agriculture must be fully supported by the full compensation both in cash and kind to the farmers in the event of the loss of production.
- Need to create platform to match supply and demand of organic products.
-Need to establish a proper links between supplier and buyer.
-A vigorous campaign to highlight the benefits of organic farming against the conventional system is essential to increase the awareness of the farmers and consumers.
-Identification of crops for cultivation on the organic farms is important.
-Short and long term loans for organic farmers with two percent interest rate for first five years and thereafter at four percent.
-Requirement of seperate colleges and agriculture University on organic farming.
-Government must offer lucrative business options for educated youths in organic farming

STAY SAFE AND GOD BLESS OUR COUNTRY

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Imphal, May 18:

The Helpers and Workers of Thanga Tongbram Leikai, Thanga Khoirom Leikai and Thanga Moirangthem Leikai Anganwadi Centres, under the support of ICDS Moirang Block has distributed relief materials to its beneficiaries. Maintaining the guidelines of social distancing, altogether around 50 children below six years of age, 4 pregnant women and 5 nursing mothers were benefited through a simple arrangement. One of the Anganwadi Worker shared that the current crisis of global pandemic COVID 19 and nationwide lockdown has caused great hardships to women and children and therefore any form of aid possessed great value. She also added that the increasing number of positive case in the state is a matter of concern for the marginalised communities. Finally, the Anganwadi Centres expresses gratitude towards ICDS Moirang Block, for providing the relief materials responding the hour of urgency. 

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