Friday, 27 March 2020 - Imphal Times
Friday, 27 March 2020 15:59

Why Virus Kills us: A Scientific Lesson

By - Ayi Trisna Wijayanti & Inamul Haq

The world is engulfed in fighting the pandemic virus namely Covid 19 that emerged from Wuhan city of China. However, the Chinese government got successful in its control by using different means. While like the rest of the world is fighting in its ways. However, all individuals need to understand why the virus kills us.
The answer to that question is the same as the answer to why we kill chickens, goat, sheep, fish, bean sprouts, and so on. If you are serious about that question, you also have to seriously think about how life works.
Are you aware that for one species to live, there must be another creature that dies or is killed? Realize that we humans are just a species of living organisms. We belong to a large group of animals. The most important characteristic of animals is that they do not produce their food. That is, he does not produce food for his own body. Different from plants. Most plants do not require food supplies from other living organisms.
Take a look at the plate of food you eat every day. How many types of living organisms die so that a plate of food can be served on your plate? There are thousands of grains of rice. Grains of rice are prospective living organisms that should grow into thousands of rice plants. On a piece of tofu that you eat hundreds of soybeans should be hundreds of soy trees. At the same time, millions of mushrooms growing among the soybean seeds that come to die when you fry.
Of course fried chicken, fish, etc. that you eat are mere living organisms. They all must die so that we all humans can survive. That’s not how much. There are many more killings that we must do so we can survive. To build the house where we live, also build roads and cities, there are so many plants that must die. At the same time, there are thousands of animals that must also die because they lost their nests to live
But don’t be sad. We are not the only creatures that get rid of other creatures for life. If you look at the forest, at first glance it seems calm and quiet, but there is also a competition in life. Many small plants must die because they don’t get enough sunlight, they are covered by the leaves of large trees. Conversely, the large number of trees that died undermined by small parasites. There are even many large trees that are killed by fungi and bacteria. Of course in the forest, we will easily find plant-eating animals or other animal-predators.
to live, one living creature often preys on other living creatures even though there are times when they can live in mutualism, they support each other in all living aspects
Back to the original question, why do viruses kill us? The answer is simple because they want to “live” and grow alive. The word life for a virus is written in quotation marks because biologically the virus does not even qualify to be called as a living creature.
Viruses do not have cells. It is known that The cell is the smallest unit of life. But even though they are not considered as living organisms, viruses generated their self as what living organisms do. To be able to reproduce, a virus hitches a ride on the cells of living organisms. Humans are not the only victims of the virus. Viruses hitch a ride on all kinds of living things. Animals, plants, fungi, and bacteria are the target for viruses to ride in to live.
So, humans are not exclusive targets for viruses. Viruses only have nucleic acids (DNA / RNA) which can multiply themselves. To be able to reproduce itself, the virus requires the ability of cells to produce proteins.
DNA / RNA is a kind of program that orders cells to produce the types of proteins that cells need to live. Viruses only have programs, or software, to order products, but do not have production machines. Therefore, he must hitch a ride to the cell. Viruses enter the cells of living things, take control, use the production functions of the cell, all to multiply themselves.
The virus enters our body cells through open places, such as the mouth, nose, eyes, or exposed skin. Some are inserted by animals such as mosquitoes into our bodies through bites. They look for cells as a place where they can attach themselves. The cells that are used as binding sites are called receptors. Then the virus enters the cell.
Once inside, it hijacks various cell functions, orders the production of proteins it wants, to support itself. Viruses then multiply their self. Cells that are filled with the virus then rupture, then the virus hitches a ride on the cell lender from the cell, to move to another cell, then control it. Or, it comes out of the human body then looked for an opportunity to enter another body.
What is the essence of all the processes? Viruses are carrying out the most basic functions of all beings in the universe, which is to multiply their species. All living organisms also do that. When doing it, they also make other creatures die.
Nothing more and nothing less.

Published in Guest Column

March 23 evening, showing serious concern about the people particularly those living below Poverty line, during the total lockdown called, as precautionary measures to fight the spread of Coronavirus, state cabinet resolved to distribute PDS rice to NFSA cardholders and those who do not have NFSA card but CMHT cards for the month of April in this current month at free of cost.
The decision taken by the state cabinet was announced by the spokesperson of State Government Th. Bishwajit who is also the Works and Power Minister to a group of media persons.
However, at the ground, the cabinet decision has been disregarded at some of the Assembly Constituencies particularly in Keishamthong Assembly Constituency.
After Prime Minister Narendra Modi announced 21 days lockdown starting from midnight of 24 in the entire country to counter the spread of the coronavirus, the state government too takes immediate measures to follow the announcement of the Prime Minister and make sure that the people of the state do not face any problem food scarcity. Some MLAs under the supervision of the Chief Minister had started handing over rice to various PDS agents to distribute it to the public free of cost. There is a report that the rice has started distribution at some of the Assembly constituency as the lockdown enters 3rd day.
As for the Keishamthong Assembly constituency, the Agents instead of distributing the rice free of cost had been distributing the rice at Rs. 3 per kg. The decision of the state cabinet has not been followed and above all when a CMHT cardholder went to collect their share of rice the agent said that those rice are not meant for the CMHT cardholders but for the recorded consume who have cards.
The question that Imphal Times want to put up is, whether the state government had excluded Keishamthong Assembly constituency when they took the decision to distribute rice for the month of April in advance at free of cost. We are at war like situation fighting with an invisible enemy. The way that the PDS agent in Keishamthong Constituency needs to be looked upon by the Chief Minister who is working hard for the welfare of the people.

Published in Editorial

IT News
Imphal, March 27

Popular Front of India Chairman O M A Salam in a press statement welcomed the lockdown aimposed in the country in view of preventing the spread of corona pandemic.  However, he expressed dissatisfaction that enough preparations have not been made along the execution of such large scale restrictions.
The steady increase in the number of infections in various parts of the country indicates that Covid 19 will likely pose serious public health challenge in India too. As of now the only universally accepted means to prevent this catastrophe is social distancing.  Popular Front chairman welcomed the three weeks long curfew imposed by central and other restrictions of state governments in this regard.   He appealed to the people to co-operate with these measures so that we can overcome the challenge together.
However the dramatic way the Prime Minister announced a 21- day-long nationwide curfew without adequate preparations that address the genuine concerns of the citizens was disappointing. There are indications that the announcement caused unhealthy panic among people.
Rs. 15000 crore announced by the Prime Minister is too inadequate to face nation’s Corona medical emergency.  There was nothing in the address to support the vast majority of citizens who are poor daily wage labourers and to ensure food supply.  In order to avoid people dying of virus, we should not let them starve to death. It is the duty of both central and state governments to ensure the fundamental needs of the people.
Popular Front Chairman urged the central and state governments the following support measures with immediate effect till the return of normalcy.
1) To distribute special monthly allowance to all families Below Poverty Line.
2) To distribute free food kits to all those in need through PDS (Ration shops).
3) To declare steps to ensure that there is no food scarcity and that there is no price hike.
4) To ensure that the curfew doesn’t affect the transportation of food, medicine and other basic items across the country.
5)  To allow essential shops to open full day to avoid rush and panic during limited hours of buying.
O M A Salam has reminded that it is primarily the duty of the government and also civil society groups to see that people quarantined at their homes are not turned unrest and lawless due to hunger and denial of basic necessities.

Published in News

IT News

Imphal, March 27

Amid complaint about non-availability of hand sanitizers, which is advice as mandatory to protect from the dreaded Coronavirus Dhanamanjuri Community College started manufacturing the hand rub solution.

“Under a series of community extension services rendered by the Dhanamanjuri Community College based at D M College of Science, Imphal, in addition to its normal duties of teaching and learning processes, the faculties & staff led by the Department of Pharmaceuticals and Quality Assurance of the College under the UGC sponsored Deen Dayal Upadhyay Centre for KAUSHAL based at D M College of Science, has manufactured around 300 bottles of 200ml capacity each of the alcohol based hand rub solutions till date. The Scheme was launched on 20 March 2020 with a few number of unlabelled bottles for the use of the staff & faculties of D M Community College which later was continued under the initiatives of the Department of Higher & Technical Education, Government of Manipur, a press communique by Dr Raheijuddin Sheikh, Director, DDU- KK & Nodal Officer, D M Community College  said.

The hand rub sanitizers were prepared following strictly the norms prescribed by the World Health Organisation (WHO) for fighting Covid19. The first batch of 80 bottles were presented to the Chief Minister, Manipur for distribution to those who are in dire need of the sanitizers in view of the State Government’s precautionary measures to protect against the Covid19 corona virus. Now the benefits have been extended to the journalists and media persons who are actively sharing their unavoidable responsibilities in fighting against Covid19. The package of 40 bottles is now presented to the Secretary of the AMWJU, at Manipur press club today the 26th March 2020.

The benefits of the sanitizers has also been extended to the police personals of the Imphal(W) in appreciation of their restless services round the clock to fight against the serious attack of the Corona Virus in Manipur. The hand sanitizers are prepared under the common standard norms issued by the World Health Organisation (WHO) in two different formulations: isopropyl based and ethanol based with addition of some essential citronella oils as flavour.

The Bachelor of Vocation (B Voc.) Degree Courses in the specialised subject discipline of the Pharmaceuticals & Quality Assurance has been introduced under the National Skill Qualifications Framework (NSQF) from the academic sessions 2018-19 with 40% general education component and 60% skill development component aligned with the National Occupational Standards(NOS) and affiliated at Dhanamanjuri University, Imphal, Dr Raheijuddin Sheikh said.

Published in News

By Raju Vernekar
Mumbai, March 27

With a steep increase in “Covid 19” patients across India, the number of confirmed cases has crossed 640 and death toll reached up to 18 on Friday, whereas 66 patients were cured till now.
The death toll is : Maharashtra 4, Gujarat 3, Karnataka 2, Madhya Pradesh 2, Bihar 1, Delhi 1, Himachal Pradesh 1, J & K 1, Punjab 1, Tamil Nadu 1, West Bengal 1. The new death figures include the death of a 35 year old man in Madhya Pradesh and the death of a 65 year old man at Sopor (J & K) on Friday.
Maharashtra and Kerala remain the top two worst coronavirus-hit states in the country. The break up of confirmed cases is :Maharashtra (125), Kerala (118),Karnataka (55), Telangana (45), Gujarat (43), Rajasthan(41), Uttar Pradesh (41), Delhi (36), Haryana(30) and Punjab (33), Tamil Nadu (29) and Madhya Pradesh (20) J & K (13), Andhra Pradesh (12), West Bengal (10), Chandigarh (7), Chhatisgarh (6), Bihar (6), Uttarakhand (4), Goa(3), Himachal Pradesh (3), Odisha(2), Andaman(1), Manipur(1),Mizoram(1)and Pondicherry(1). 
Following government guidelines on imposing a 21-day country-wide lockdown, the  Directorate General of Civil Aviation (DGCA) has extended the suspension of international flights to and from India to 14 April.
In the wake of the coronavirus pandemic, the RBI on Friday, cut the repo rate by 75 basis points to 4.40 percent versus 5.15% earlier. Accordingly, the marginal standing facility (MSF) rate and the Bank Rate stand reduced to 4.65 percent from 5.40 percent. The reverse repo rate under the LAF stands reduced by 90 basis points to 4.0 percent.
“RBI has taken several measures to inject substantial liquidity. Priority is to undertake strong and purposeful action to protect the domestic economy, Need for all stakeholders to fight against the pandemic and banks should do all they can to keep credit flowing,” RBI Governor Shaktikanta Das said.
In view of the countrywide lock down, the Union Ministry of Road, Transport and Highway has announced temporarily suspension of toll collection at toll plazas to ease emergency services in view of the coronavirus outbreak. Union Minister for Road, Transport and Highway Nitin Gadkari has stated the maintenance of roads and availability of emergency resources at toll plaza would continue in a usual manner.
The Maharashtra Government has decided to release 11,000 under trials and convicts lodged in 60 prisons on parole to reduce the crowd. Those serving imprisonment of 7 years or less will be granted parole immediately, Maharashtra Home Minister Anil Deshmukh said
In another development, the Mumbai Cricket Association (MCA) has decided to donate Rs. 50 lakh towards Chief Minister’s Relief fund as an aid for coronavirus relief and rehabilitation measures. The MCA has also decided to make available Wankhede Stadium located in South Mumbai, to quarantine people if need be. This was decided in a meeting of MCA members held via video conferencing on Thursday, MCA Secretary Sanjay Naik said.
Gadkari has declared to donate one month’s salary towards PM’s relief fund. Union Minister Ravi Shankar Prasad has announced to donate Rs one crore from his MPs fund. Congress leader Rahul Gandhi has announced donation of Rs. 2.66 crore. Similarly all Shiv Sena MPs and MLAs will be donating one month’s salary towards Maharashtra CM’s relief fund.

Published in News

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