Sunday, 09 February 2020 - Imphal Times

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Imphal Feb 9,

The Centre for the Study of Social Exclusion and Inclusive Policy, Manipur University has been facing terrible challenges as the salaries of the staff were denied for four months on the ground that UGC had not released funds for the center.

A source with Imphal Times, however, said that UGC regularly release funds for the center every six months. However, for reason best known to the Manipur University authority staff of the  Centre for Manipur Studies which was abolished a year back by the UGC and had stopped funding continue to enjoy monthly salary, a source said.

The Centre for the Study of Social Exclusion and Inclusive Policy is under the initiative of the PMO which studies the plan and policy of the disadvantaged groups and to analyze and review the studied works of literature regarding Social Exclusion and discrimination in India especially North-East (Manipur). It also aims to create awareness at every level and areas to empower the marginalized section of our society.

According to a reliable source, the salaries were not paid for the last four months denying on the ground that no fund is coming from the UGC. But the reality seemed to be different as the pay bills for the center for the Study of Social Exclusion and Inclusive have not been sent though they are supposed to be sent for every six months.

Our source also confirmed that the Sanctions for the Study of Social Exclusion and Inclusive Policy Centre have been coming regularly.

The source further highlighted that the Centre for Manipur Studies of the University which was abolished a year back still gets their salary till now.

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Imphal Feb 9

PD club DM College and Concerned Citizens from different walks of life and ages today morning staged a bicycle rally under the theme “Cycle for Freedom of Speech”.

Reminding the government and fellow citizens that - everyone has the right to freedom of opinion and expression, the cycle rally was started from DM College of Arts rallied towards Tera then headed to Manipur University and finally concluded at Moirangkhom.

Over 150 cyclists participated in the rally to remind our government and fellow citizens that - everyone has the right to freedom of opinion and expression and also to support and show solidarity to the victims of right to expression in Manipur and outside.

Speaking to media persons a rider identified as Arambam Noni , Assistant Professor of Political Science at DM College of Arts stressed that the people felt strongly a fundamental need of highlighting that our human rights include freedom to hold opinions without interference and to seek, receive and impart information and ideas through any media and regardless of frontiers

He also said that the question of human rights violation regarding free speech is frequently raised because our government ignores so often that there is a legally valid contract/agreement between the government and “We the People”.

“After witnessing serious incidents of killings, tortures, jails, intimidations happened to the journalists, activists, online bloggers, artists and others, what we are taking part today though small it is – is  towards the promotion and protection our right to freedom of expression”, he added.

Dr. Noni maintained that the event is also concerned about the cases of the victims under the Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Act/UAPA which holds 65 percent whole of India, and frequent victims whose fundamental rights are deprived under National Security Act/NSA for exercising freedom of expression.


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Sunday, 09 February 2020 17:16

MPA observes 33rd Foundation day

IT News
Imphal, Feb 9

Army wing of the proscribed group UNLF, the Manipur Peoples’s Army today celebrated its 33rd Foundation day. A statement of the outfit said that the foundation day was held at various places including the CHQ, GHQ and other unit of the UNLF. At the observance function of the 33rd Foundation Day of MPA Chairman of the UNLF, KH. Pambei, Vice Chairman , Ksh Yoheiba , Secretary Dept of Publicity, O. Chingkheinganba Secretary Department of Health and Family Welfare along with other top workers of the outfit observed the day by paying tribute to the martyrs of the UNLF who had killed during the freedom struggle. Top official of the revolutionary group also attended at various observance held at different places.

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Mumbai, Feb 9

The Mumbai police has registered the FIRs against nearly 300 anti-CAA protestors, who are on a “sit-in-dharna” at Morland Road, Nagpada in South Mumbai, on charges of obstructing the road and blocking the traffic. 
The protesters have been booked under Section 431 (mischief by injury to public road, bridge, river or channel) of the IPC and Brihan Mumbai Municipal Corporation Act, 1888. But no one has been arrested so far. 
The protestors, mainly Muslim women, who began a sit in dharna from the night of Republic day,against CAA/NRC/NPR at Muslim dominated Nagpada area, have continued the agitation despite assurance from Maharashtra Government that CAA will not be implemented in a post-haste in the state. 
Additional Commissioner of Police (Central Region) Veeresh Prabhu said the FIR has been registered against unknown people based on a complaint of a BMC official against the ongoing protest, who said that they were carrying out repair work on Morland Street(popularly referred to as ‘Mumbai Bagh’ on the lines of Delhi’s Shaheen Baug protest), but with women agitating on the same lane, their work could not be completed. 
The women have continued their agitation despite repeated appeals by police. They have also not taken required permission for the agitation. The protesters said that they would  continue the sit-in, till CAA was repealed. “Even though the Maharashtra CM has assured us that he will not implement NRC, this is not the question of one state. We support the women of Shaheen Bagh in Delhi. We will continue to sit in solidarity,”  one of the protestors Ruhi Ansari said. 
In the meanwhile a huge morcha was organised from Hindu Gymkhana at Marine Drive Drive to Azad Maidan in South Mumbai, by Maharashtra Navnirman Sena (MNS) calling to evict illegal immigrants from Pakistan, Bangladesh, from the country on Sunday afternoon. 
MNS Chief Raj Thackeray was to address the rally at Azad Maidan later. His son Amit, wife Sharmila, daughter Urvashi and daughter-in- law Mitali have joined the morcha. Thousands of MNS activists are  participating in the ‘Mahamorcha’. The MNS activists from Thane, Pune, Nashik and Aurangabad were on their way to Mumbai to participate in the morcha.
 As a precaution, a large number of police were deployed. “Apart from local police, personnel of the State Reserve Police Force (DRPF), Riot Control Police, Quick Response Teams (QRTs), Bomb Detection and Disposal Squads (BDDS), and additional 600 policemen have been deployed on the morcha route,” the Mumbai Police spokesperson said. He also said that police personnel in civvies will mingle with the crowd to keep an eye on anti-social elements.

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Mumbai, Feb 9

Based on Supreme Court(SC)’s directions, the Justice (retd.) R.M. Lodha Committee (JRMLC) has offered  27,133 sealed properties of the defunct “Pearls Agrotech Corporation Limited (PACL)”, across the country, rekindling hopes of  over 6 investors duped in a  Rs. 49,100 crore scam, to get back their  money. 
The bids have been invited for the sale of 27,133 properties by the JRMLC by the public notice issued on 6 February, from interested parties, including Non-banking financial companies (NBFC), Asset Reconstruction Companies (ARC) and 12 bidders referred by SC in its order dated 23 January 2020. The above directions were given, in response to a civil appeal (No. 13301/2015 in the matter of Subrata Bhattacharya Vs. Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI). 
The properties offered for sale zone wise are: East Zone-Assam 1, Bihar 33, Chhatisgarh 98, Jharkhand 1, Odisha 546, West Bengal 905= East Zone Sub-Total 1,584. North Zone-Chandigarh 5, Delhi 362, Haryana 682, Himachal Pradesh 11, Punjab 1,765, Uttar Pradesh 371, Uttarakhand 3, North Zone Sub=Total 3,199. South Zone-Andhra Pradesh 612, Karnataka 873, Kerala 2, Tamil Nadu 10,110, Telangana-972, South Zone sub total=12569 and West Zone-Goa 20, Gujarat 186, Madhya Pradesh 4,390, Maharashtra 1,324, Rajasthan 3,861, South  Zone Sub-Total 9,781. 
The bidders shall have minimum net worth of Rs.50 crore in each of the immediately preceding 3 years. They will have to pay the Earnest Money Deposit (EMD) of Rs. 150 crore by DD to SEBI payable at Mumbai and will have to submit audited balance sheets for the immediately preceding 3 years. They should not have been barred under the Securitisation and Reconstruction of Financial Assets and Enforcement of Security Interest Act, 2002, The Prevention of Money Laundering Act, 2002 or any other law, from participating in the sale process. They can submit offers covering all or any of the 27,133 properties, with aggregate value of at least Rs.1,000 crore. 
The offers will be received till 25 February 2020 at SEBI’s  office located at BKC, Bandra in North West Mumbai. The counter offers will be accepted till 2 March. After uploading counter offers, the original bidders will be given chance to upload matching offers on  SEBI’s  website till March 11,2020. 
Over 6 crore investors were cheated by PACL and Pearls Golden Forest Ltd (PGFL), floated by Nirmal Singh Bhangoo and his three colleagues by giving them false promise to give agriculture land within 90 to 270 days and if not, handsome return on their investment. They had also made fake allotments of land, although they never owned them. 
PACL was incorporated on 13 February 1996 with the registrar of companies, Jaipur, having its Registered Office in Jaipur and corporate office in New Delhi. The mobilisation of funds by PACL dates back to the year 1997, when based on a complaint, SEBI on 30 November 1999 and 10 December 1999, issued letters directing PACL to comply with the provisions of the collective investment scheme (CIS) regulations. However in response to PACL’s petition, the Rajasthan High Court on 28 November 2003, quashed  SEBI’s order and ruled that PACL’s schemes were not CIS as defined under Section 11AA of the SEBI Act. In response to SEBI’s appeal, the SC quashed the Rajasthan HC order and on  25 February 2013, upheld the constitutional validity of CIS Regulations, and directed SEBI to investigate the matter and take appropriate action.  
In 2014, SEBI attached all bank, demat accounts and mutual fund portfolios of PACL and its eight directors and promoters, for its failure to comply with its order dated 22 August 2014 directing it to wind up the schemes and refund Rs 49,100 crore to the investors within three months from the date of the order. PACL filed an appeal before the Securities Appellate Tribunal (SAT), which was dismissed on 12 August 2015. 
PACL not only roped in Australian cricketer Brett Lee as its brand ambassador, but also reportedly invested millions of dollars in Australia in 2010, through shell companies. This was reflected in the charge sheet filed before the “Tis Hajari Court” in Delhi. The details of money invested in Australia by Bhangoo, were provided by investors.. Vishal Mhetre , Mrs Nanda Jagtap and others, in the Federal court of Australia(FCA). 
Subsequently, the Central Bureau of Investigation(CBI) registered a case against PACL and based on the CBI complaint, the Enforcement Directorate (ED) lodged an first information report (FIR) in 2015. Bhangoo and his three colleagues were arrested by CBI in 2016. In September 2018, the ED filed a charge-sheet against PACL and attached Australia-based assets of the Pearls Group worth Rs.472 crore.  
In 2018, SEBI filed a claim petition in FCA  to recover dues worth Rs 4 billion stashed away by the PACL using several shell entities. SEBI sought repatriation of the assets or the proceeds thereof. FCA passed order on July 23, 2018 accepting the claim petition filed by SEBI. The SEBI was able to free the sale amount in Australian federal court with the help of Indian advocates Anand Bhagat and Manoj Nayak through investigator Naill Corbun who investigated the case for Indian Investors in Australia. 
However although SEBI began process of auctioning PACL’s property, till now it has been able to recover hardly Rs. 86.20 crore by selling 113 properties, at the conclusion of the second auction process.


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Sunday, 09 February 2020 17:12

The Chinese Annexation of Tibet

By - Chalamba Kshetri     

Nothing is more painful then loosing the Sovereignty of One’s Nation or Native States at the hands of Foreign Intruder. My conscience says that, ‘ It is against the law, against the Human Nature, and against the Human Civilization’. However, Tibet- The Himalayan Nation lost its Glory of Independence to the People Republic of China 61 years ago. Tibet was a Buddhist Nation with a peaceful territorial upbringing that never interested in the scope of War and Aggression. Half of the Tibetan people belongs to the Monk Community, a Nation rather interested in Spiritual and Religious beliefs. I was shattered by the fate of this Nation. How could they annexed such a Peaceful Nation? The word that comes to my mind is, Its Ilegal!
As for the Tibetan people, their land has been unlawfully occupied by the Chinese People’s Liberation Army. On the flip side, China claim that Tibet has been part of their Nation since Ming Dynasty ( 1368- 1644 ).
Brief History of Tibet-
Geographically  Tibet is large, sparsely populated, and the region lies on the South West edge of China. With a history of 2500 years, Tibet used to be an Independent Empire. They had their own Culture, Religion, Language since time immemorial, which they considered it to be unique. Since Tibet lies in the High Plateau of the Himalayas, the place is extremely hard to reach. Rounded by the Mountains of Kunlun in the North and the wide range of Himalayan Mountains on the South, the climatic conditions is harsh, with violent swings of temperature between night and day at all times of the year.
Chinese Invasion-
The British invaded Tibet first in 1912 with the primary objectives of trade and business contacts with China. The British utilise Tibet as their route source, since the region lies in the South West edge of China. In the later years, The British granted Autonomy to Tibet. When The British left Tibet, they declared it as an Independent Nation. After that The Tibetan Government was formed in 1912 which later go on until 1951. The turning point of the  history of Tibet is when The People Liberation Army of China invaded Tibet in 1949. After defeating the small Tibetan Army and occupying half the Country, The Chinese Government imposed the ’17- point Agreement for the Peaceful Liberation of Tibet’ on the Tibetan Government in 1951. The Content of the the ’17- point Agreement’ is of the following -
1) The Tibetan People shall unite and drive out imperialist agressive forces from Tibet; the Tibetan people shall return to the family of the Motherland the People Republic of China ( PRC).
2) The local Government of Tibet shall actively assist the People’s Liberation Army (PLA) to enter Tibet and Consolidate the National Defenses.
3) In accordance with the policy towards Nationalities laid down in the Common Programme of the Chinese People’s Political Consultative Conference ( CPPCC ), the Tibetan people have the right of exercising National Regional Autonomy under the Unified leadership of the Central People’s Government ( CPG ) of the PRC.
4) The Central authorities will not alter the existing political system in Tibet. The Central authorities also will not alter the established status, functions and powers of the Dalai Lama. Officials of various Ranks shall hold office as usual.
5) The established status, functions and powers of the Panchen Ngoerhtehni shall be maintained.
6) By the established status, functions and powers of the Dalai Lama and of the Panchen Ngoerhtehni are meant the status, functions and powers of the thirteenth Dalai Lama and the Ninth Panchen Ngoerhtehni when they had friendly and    amicable relations with each other.
7) The Policy of freedom of religious belief laid down in the Common Programme of the CPPCC shall be carried out. The religious beliefs, customs and habits of the Tibetan people shall be respected and Lama monasteries shall be protected. The Central authorities will not effect a change in the income of the Monasteries.
8) Tibetan troops shall be reorganized step by step into the PLA and become a part of the defence of the PRC.
9) The Spoken and Written language and School education of the Tibetan Nationality shall be developed step by step in accordance with the actual condition in Tibet.
10) Tibetan Agriculture, livestock raising, industry and commerce shall be developed step by step and the people’s livelihood shall be improved 11) In matters relating to various reforms in Tibet, their will be no compulsion on the part of the Central authorities. The local Government of Tibet shall carried out reforms of its own accord and when the people raise demands for reform, they shall be settled by means of Consultation with the leading personnel of Tibet.
12) In so far as former pro- imperialist and pro- Kuomintang ( KMT ) officials resolutely sever relations with imperialism and the KMT and do not engage in sabotage or resistance, they may continue to hold office irrespective of their past.
13) The PLA entering Tibet shall abide by all the above mentioned policies and shall also be fair in all buying and selling and shall not arbitrarily take a needle or thread from the people.
14) The CPG shall have centralised handling of all external affairs of the area of Tibet; and there will be peaceful co- existance with neighbouring countries and establishment and development of fair commercial and trading relations with them on the basis of equality, mutual benefit and mutual respect for territory and sovereignty.
15) In order to ensure the implementation of this agreement, CPG shall set up a a Military and Administrative Committee and a Military Area HQ in Tibet and apart from the personnel sent there by the CPG- shall absorb as many local Tibetan Personnel as possible to take part in the work. Local Tibetan Personnel taking part in the Military and Administrative Committee may include Patriotic elements from the local Government of Tibet, various principal monasteries; the name list shall be set forth after consultation between the representatives designated by the CPG and various quarters concerned and shall be submitted to the CPG for appointment.
16) Funds needed by the Military and Administrative Committee, the Military Area HQ and the PLA entering Tibet shall be provided by the CPG . The local Government of Tibet should assist the PLA in the purchase of transport of food, fodder and other daily necessities.
17) This agreement shall come into force immediately after signature and seals are affixed to it.
The above document is an agreement signed in 1951 between the delegates of the 14th Dalai Lama, the Sovereign De Facto State of Tibet  with the Central People’s Government of the then, newly established People’s  Republic of China on affirming Chinese Sovereignty over Tibet. The Invasion and the 17- Point agreement resulted in the Dissolution of Tibetan Government ( 1912- 1951 ) and surrendered their territory to the People Republic of China.
His Holiness The Dalai Lama the 14th and his Government in Exile -
 The Dalai Lama, an individual said to be an incarnation of Buddha of Compassion, had been both the Political and Spiritual leader of the Country. The 17- point Agreement of the Peaceful Liberation of Tibet was signed between the delegates of the Present Dalai Lama with the Chinese Government. Since Since the Agreement was signed under duress, the Agreement locked validity under International law. The presence of 40, 000 troops in Tibet, the thread of an immediate occupation of Lhasa, and the prospect of the total obliteration of the Tibetan state left Tibetan little choice.
As the resistance to the Chinese escalated, particularly in Tibet, The Chinese repression, which included the destruction of religious buildings and the imprisonment of monks and other community leaders increased dramatically. By 1959, the popular Uprising culminated in Massive demonstration in Lhasa. However, China crushed the Uprising, 87,000 Tibetans were dead in the Lhasa region alone.
On the pretext of possible Persecution, The Present Dalai Lama with his 80,000 followers fled to India an set up the Exile Government in Dharamsala, Himachal Pradesh. In 1960, The Exile Government had named The Central Administration ( CTA ), which is the continuation of the Government of Independent Tibet. Today, The Central Tibetan Administration functions as the Head of the Tibetan People.  However, The CTA will not assume power when Tibetan becomes free. According to the Constitution of the Exile Government, The Central Tibetan Administration would dissolved as soon as Tibet regains Freedom.
Tenzing Gyatso also known as The 14th Dalai Lama of Tibet had travelled extensively dozens of Countries, delivering addresses at Colleges and Universities, meeting with Political and Religious leaders, and lecturing on Buddhism. His activities focussed on two main goals, one of which was to build and sustain International Awareness of the plight of Tibet. He continued to advocate on the Independence of Tibet and their Human Rights. In Recognition of his efforts, he was awarded the Nobel Prize for Peace in 1989.
Present Situation -
Tibetan Government in Exile claims that over 6 million people have killed since the Chinese Occupation. With the Chinese policy of resettlement of Chinese to Tibet, The Tibetans have become a minority in their own Country. Chinese is the Official Language, upto 6,000 monasteries and shrines have been destroyed. Natural Resources are devastated. Tibetan Culture comes close to being eradicated there. The Dalai Lama has coined the term ‘ Cultural Genocide’ to the Chinese influence on Tibetan Culture. Peaceful demonstration or protests by the Nuns, Monks and layperson resulted in deaths and thousands of arrests. These Political Prisoners are tortured and held in harsh conditions with little hope of Justice. In Tibet today, there is no freedom of speech, religion or press and arbitrary dissidents continue. Tibet is the source of five of Asia’s greatest rivers, which over 2 billion people depend upon. Since 1959, the Chinese Government estimates that they have removed over $ 54 billion worth of Timber. Over 80% of their forests have been destroyed and large amounts of Nuclear and Toxic waste have been disposed in Tibet. Despite these conditions, the United States and other Western Countries refused to acknowledge the Struggle of Tibetan Independence, instead they continue to support China economically. This shows their baised nature and lack of respect for these critical issues of Political and Religious Freedom and Human Rights.
As an admirer of Human Civilization and Peace Process, I am of the opined that The People Republic of China will remain in the ‘Abyss’ for their Habitat Destruction in Tibet, that is something I am confident that History will not forgive.

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