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Items filtered by date: Tuesday, 30 April 2019 - Imphal Times

Search operation still continues to find 3 missing persons at Chadong boat mishap

IT News

Imphal April 30,

Around 100 rescuers from National Disaster Response Force (NDRF), State Disaster Response Force (SDRF), Fire Department and team of experts from MU Earth Sciences Department still searched for the 3 missing persons at Chadong, where a local made boat was capsized which occurred on the evening of 28 April.

35 personnel of NDRF, 15 personnel of SDRF and 28 personnel of fire service along with the assistance of local volunteers try to find the missing bodies.

It can be reminded that the tragic incident occurred around 5pm on 28 April at Ramrei tourist site or Chadong lake which is a water body created by Mapithel Dam when the two boats occupied by many picnickers turned turtle by the gale in the middle of the dam.

The missing three persons at the lake were identified as S Rajiv (35), Romen (29) and Rani (19) from Bishnupur district’s Ningthoukhong area.

Speaking to media person Deputy Commandant of 12 battalion of NRDF Itanagar said that they

have used 35 of their team using SOLAR technology, 4 deep diving set and 5 inflatable rubberised boats.

He said that tress which submerged under the water hinder in finding the missing bodies.

He finally appeals to used life jacket as mandatory while travelling in water bodies and also not to overload while travelling in the boat.

He also appeal to used only permitted boats issued which have safety measures and also added that a rescue team is a must for water bodies.

Speaking to media persons Mathingso Jajo who is a local of the village said that the locals tried to give as much assistance to find the missing persons.

It can be added that a team of Indian Navy will also join the search operation today.

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Court sentence rape convict to 8 years rigorous imprisonment Rs. Rs. 25000/- fine; Orders compensation of Rs. 5,00,000/- to the victim

IT News

Imphal, April 30,

Session Judge of Imphal East, Maibam Manojkumar today sentenced 8 (eight) years rigorous imprisonment along with a fine of Rs. 25, 000/- to a 45 years old rapist Moirangthem Gambhir of Moirang Khunou in Bishnupur district. The court also ordered for compensation of Rs. 5,00,000/- to the rape victim.

The case began against the convict after the father of the victim lodged a complaint to Women PS Imphal East on July 22, 2015, stating that on July 19, his daughter (the victim) was abducted by the convict at around 1.30 pm to force her to become his wife.

The accused Gambhir was arrested soon after the complaint.

During the trial, statements of 9 prosecution witnesses were recorded and the accused examination was held on November 22 last year.

During the trial, the convict pleaded that he and the victim had eloped on July 19, 2015, to become husband and wife and denied the charge of rape.

However, he did not produce any witnesses in his defense.

On final hearing of the case, the Court heard the submission of public Prosecutor for the State and A Kumarjit, defense counsel of the convict in length.

After carefully going through the case records and the statement of the victim, the Court came to the conclusion that the prosecution has proven beyond reasonable doubt that the convict raped the victim.

However, the Court also ruled that the prosecution has failed to prove that the victim girl was abducted and concealed by the convict forcibly.

Hence the Court acquitted M Gambhir from the charge of kidnapping and concealing the victim but convicted him for rape and announced the sentence today.

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Standoff between AR and NSCN-IM; TNL stage protest rally

IT News

Imphal, April 30,

Denouncing the Assam Rifles troopers over their ultimatum to the NSCN-IM to evacuate their camp which was set up unofficially at Shihai Khunou in Manipur’s Ukhrul, large number of people under the aegis of the Tangkhul Naga Long (TNL) staged a protest rally.

The undesignated camp is reported to be the Southern Command of NSCN (IM).

Though the NSCN (IM) is yet to release any official communiqué on the movement of the Assam Rifles personnel, a large number of people gathered at the site where the standoff took place.

As per officials of the Assam Rifles, the NSCN-IM camp came to the notice during routine aerial search operation. 

The Commander of the AR requested the villagers and Pastor to inform NSCN (IM) cadres to vacate the camp immediately as it is an unauthorised camp and is in  gross violation of existing ceasefire ground rules. The same day, General Secretary of UNC gave a phone call to the Commander of Assam Rifles Sector and confirmed the presence of NSCN (IM) camp in  that area, it added.

 The Chairman CFMG was briefed about the prevailing situation and existence of unauthorised camp of NSCN(IM) in general  area Sihai Khunou/Khamasom, Ukhrul Dist on 26 Apr 19 at around 6 pm by IG Assam Rifles. On 27 Apr 19, at around 2:15  pm, it was confirmed by the Chairman CFMG that instructions have been issued by the group for immediate vacation of the NSCN(IM) camp. Accordingly, Assam Rifles troops contacted the villagers to confirm the vacation of the camp. Meanwhile, the area has been reinforced by additional troops and the unauthorised camp is under constant surveillance by air and other means.

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CorCom honours working class community on May Day

IT News
Imphal, April 30,

CorCom, the conglomerate of armed rebel groups operating in the region, pays respect to the working call people across the globe with the coming of the May Day.
A statement by Publicity Committee of the proscribed group, forwarded by LeibakNgakpa Luwang, Media Co-Ordinator, CorCom elaborated the roots of for observance of the May Day.
“ Various changes has been seen to the production by the working class people and in the same way it also become a way of life that the working class people are being suppressed by the capitalist group” the statement said.

It added that, it was against this oppression that the voice for the welfare of the working class people and became the root for observance of ‘May Day’.
The statement said, with the rise in literacy, people today recognize the role of the working class people and are being honoured, however in our place the culture to looking down the working class people is still practice. There are not many people in our place who is ready to pay the labour charge of the working class people. The CorCom said that it is time that the working class people form a common platform to fight for their rights. It is at that moment only that their rights can be protected from the hands of the capitalist.
CorCom statement also stated critical outlook to the status of the working class people of Manipur. It stated that even as working class people across the world should be treated equally due to influx of immigrants from outside the state, here in Manipur it would be wrong to treat all working class people equally. The original working class people has been facing serious crisis due to the domination of cheap labour from outside the Kangleipak. Those working class people from outside the state are slowing occupying the works which are suppose to be given to the working class people of the land. Manipur (Kangleipak) need to encourage work culture among the people.
Workers across the globe are fighting for the right to stand together with rich people however, story about violation of rights of the workers are often heard from many countries. India is among the countries where working class people are deprived of the rights.
The CoreCom statement also categorically stated that the kind of welfare programme being taken up in the name of working class people still fails to uplift the working class people of Kangleipak.
Inorder to assured freedom to the working class people of the region, the need of the hour is to restored Independence of Manipur, CorCom statement said.

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May Day : Maoist group from across the world unites to fight for the Proletarians and oppressed people

IT News
Imphal, April 29,

12 left wing revolutionary groups from across the world including Maoist Communist Party of Manipur have joint hands to fight the imperialist. The 12 revolutionary groups which follow the Maoist ideology in a joint statement released in connection with the May Day expressed hard stand against all form of oppressions by imperialist and bow to fight jointly for the proletarians and oppressed people of the world.
The statement released in connection with the Mad Day observance was jointly signed by Committee for Building the Maoist Communist Party, Galicia, Spanish State; Communist (Maoist) Party of Afghanistan; Communist Party of Nepal (Revolutionary Maoist); Communist Party of Turkey / Marxist – Leninist; Democracy and Class Struggle, British State; Maoist Communist Party – Italy; Maoist Communist Party Manipur; Maoist Revolutionary League – Sri Lanka; New communist party - Tunisia (under foundation); Revolutionary Communist Party (PCR-RCP Canada); Union Obrera Comunista (MLM) – Colombia Workers Voice – Malaysia
The statement read -  “The imperialist system continues going through a deep crisis. Current attempts imperialist and reactionary to deal with and overcome it are unsuccessful and it is going to deepen and extend.
“The crisis, emerged in the field of finance, has its cause in production and today results in a new recession. The global inter-imperialist dispute and contradictions become sharper. These new disputes start as trade war, and then are increasingly turning into political-military geo-strategic contradictions, resulting in and expanding in aggressive, occupied and proxy wars in countries oppressed by imperialism and also somewhat advancing the tendency to a new direct world war between imperialist for world repartition.
“Deeping and expanding of imperialist crisis means to overloaded and expanding of imperialist and reactionaries unloades on the proletarians and masses of the peoples It means an increasing gap between the wealth of a handful of imperialist countries and the poverty of three-quarters of the humanity of in the countries oppressed by imperialism and, within each country, between the ruling classes and the proletarians, peasants and exploited masses. And causes to become sharper the contradiction between of oppressed peoples and nations of world with imperialism and the contradiction of imperialist capitalist and proletarian and masses of the peoples in imperialist countries
“The policies of imperialism exacerbate and make the impact of the system more and more catastrophic in terms of environmental and natural disasters.
“Within the imperialist countries the tendency to fascism and open dictatorship advances.
“In countries oppressed by imperialism, where the ruling regimes have always been reactionary and subservient of the imperialist powers, illusions on national, popular and anti-imperialist governments are falling down and dictatorships with openly fascist and military character are advancing
“Imperialism is misery, reaction and war. Development, wealth, democracy and peace, the safeguard of health and environment are increasingly proven to be incompatible with the rule of the imperialist system.
“Against this system and its crisis the proletarians and the peoples are rebelling both in the imperialist countries and in the countries oppressed by imperialism. The objective conditions of the class struggle, of the national liberation struggle, of the people’s war are getting sharper.
“On the subjective level, the proletariat and its Marxist-Leninist-Maoist (MLM) organizations are still lagging behind in developing strategies, tactics and organizations and are not up to the challenges put by the objective situation both in the imperialist countries and in the countries oppressed by imperialism.
“The ruling classes of the whole world are increasingly resorting to fascism, to impose their plans and their power and also to divert the growing discontent and resistance of the people’s masses.
“The rebellions of the masses in the countries oppressed by imperialism are led by sectors still bound to one or another fraction of the big, petty or middle bourgeoisie, or even the feudal forces or to one or another imperialism and cannot find the way to a genuine revolutionary struggle for New Democracy and socialism.
“In the imperialist countries, even if the people’s struggle increase, as in France, the fascist-populist demagogy advances and the use of the huge immigration waves, caused by imperialism, to divert the anger of the masses not towards the domination of the ruling bourgeois forces but towards the migrants, provoking a war between the poor .
“In this national and world situation, the task of the communist, revolutionary and progressive forces in the world is huge.

“To affirm the irrefutable truth that the only alternative to waged slavery, exploitation, oppression, domination, misery, discrimination, devastation, crises and wars created by capitalism in today’s world is socialism and communism.
“To develop and build the parties of the working class, to root them among the masses; to wage a hard struggle within the ranks of the masses for the ideological and political indipendence of the proletariat, based on Marxism-Leninism-Maoism; to build mass organizations under the leadership of these parties, able to lead the struggling sectors of masses and tear them away form the influence of the reactionary fundamentalist pan islamist. fascist-populist forces as well as the remnants of the social democratic and reformist forces; fight economism, legalism, imperialist chauvinism.
“To organize the proletariat and mass resistance to internal reactionaries wars and, when the imperialist war advances, make serious determined preparations, to transform it into revolution; to build the militant and fighting forces of the masses to respond to state repression and fight fascist groups; to direct and pave the way for a true revolutionary struggle to overthrow imperialism, its states, its governments and establish the proletarian power.
“This battle, to be fought in each country, demands, in the current international context, an international view, international links, a common battle at the international level of the proletariat and the oppressed peoples.
“The proletariat is an international class. It is the most revolutionary class. It can free himself only by fulfilling the mission of emancipating the whole humanity, a world task to be carried out leading the world socialist revolution to the victory, destroying the imperialist system and all the reaction and thus advancing towards communism.
“This year occurs the 100th anniversary of the Foundation of the Third Communist International, founded by Lenin and led by Stalin.
“It was the highest form of proletarian internationalism and international organization of the proletariat as a world class.
“As Lenin pointed out: “The epoch-making significance of the Third, Communist International lies in its having begun to give effect to Marx’s cardinal slogan, the slogan which sums up the centuries-old development of socialism and the working-class movement, the slogan which is expressed in the concept of the dictatorship of the proletariat.” (The Third International and Its Place in History 1919)
“The grand epic of its foundation, its development and effectiveness in every corner of the world has represented the most gigantic step forward for the proletariat and the international communist movement. It allowed extending the world historical significance of the October Revolution and the building of genuine communist parties in every corner of the world. It treated and solved all the problems of tactics and strategy necessary for the victory of proletariat in the imperialist countries as well as in the countries oppressed by imperialism. It allowed the proletarians and the peoples of the world to unite in the grandiose and epochal battle to defeat the imperialist world war II and defeat Nazi-fascism. It provided the historical, theoretical and political heritage on whose base the theoretical, political and organizational struggle against the emergence of revisionism developed in the international communist movement, even after its dissolution, against the abandonment of the dictatorship of the proletariat and socialism and the path of revolution for the violent demolition of the bourgeois state.
“Mao Tsetung said: “During its entire existence it has rendered the greatest services in helping each country to organize a truly revolutionary workers’ party, and it has also contributed enormously to the great cause of organizing the anti-fascist war.” (speech to cadre of the Communist Party, May 26, 1943).
“Mao Tsetung also developed a critical summation of its errors and shortcomings, as well as of the socialist construction in the USSR, up to the Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution as a further step forward, which inspired the gigantic wave of rebellions in the70s.
“The taking up of all this historical heritage is needed today more than ever for a real advancement of the international working class movement and the communist MLM movement in order to get rid, by means the active ideological struggle and the two-line-struggle, of the influences of the right revisionism-opportunism that leads to capitulation and also, as a secondary enemy but harmful to the purpose the ‘leftist’ opportunism, dogmatism and petty bourgeois revolutionism.”
In connection with the May Day the 12 Proletarian organizations, which they called as Marxist-Leninist- Maoist (MLM), called for  -  a unity based on Marxism-Leninism-Maoism, on the path of people’s war for the development of the world proletarian revolution. A unity that will develop mutual help and cooperation to make common steps forward in the construction of proletarian parties able to lead the class struggle through the direct experience of the proletarians and peoples, towards the development of new democratic and socialist revolutions.
- a unity of action in the fundamental fields of the class struggle both in the imperialist countries and in the countries oppressed by imperialism: the support to the People’s war in India, the Philippines and all the countries,Peru, Turkey etc.- where the path of the people’s war is developed at different stages; the defense and release of the political prisoners and prisoners of war in the world; the development of the anti-fascist and anti-imperialist front; the unity of the classist trade union organizations; the development of women’s struggle and proletarian feminist revolutionary organizations.
The MLM groups from across the world is organizing a preparatory meeting to organised the International conference with the coming of the 100th anniversary of the Communist Third International.

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When the ‘Day’ of the working class people comes

People across the world will be observing ‘ May Day’ tomorrow. Left, Right or Central ideologue groups – all observed the May Day. The only differences is that – there is a clear distinction on how the left wing group observed the day when compares with the way that the Right Wing group observed. The observance of May Day in different parts of the World too varies. In India, people in heartland states observed the day announcing better livelihood for the labour community. But when it comes to the state like Manipur, Kashmir, West Bengal, Chhatisgarh, Telangana  etc,  many people observed the day crying for justice of the working class people where their rights have been deprived.
The left leaned civil bodies, on the other hand observed the day with anti fascist agenda.
Last year, some left wing bodies observed that day by organizing Anti-Fascist slogans and also with demand for justice and equality for the working class people.
On the other hand the state government celebrates the May Day as a grant function with the launching of Chief Minister, N. Biren Singh ambitious project  Go to Village Mission last year.
 When one recalled the origin of observing May Day, it is known to everyone that, the exploitation of the labour community by capitalist regime that prompted the uprising of the labour community in Western countries in 1886 is the root for observing the day. The demand for limited working hours was the demand that time. But as time changes the kind of exploitations faced by the labourers are multiple these days. And definitely ‘May Day’ is known as the day that the problem being faced by the labourer is being discussed and highlighted.
It is known fact that working class people in India particularly the farmers are facing various problems due to aggression by the fascist regime.

On the other hand, we often notice the working people being suppressed by capitalist class from time to time through various draconian laws. As for the working class people of Manipur and Jammu and Kashmir it is the Armed Forces Special Powers Act  (AFSPA) that have been suppressing the people, while in case of the states like West Bengal, Chhatisgarh, Telangana etc. the was that the lower class people are being suppressed is different. People are rape, killed and torture for the cause of muti national company owners and such event are concealed by the state authority using every means.
When it comes to Manipur, worth mentioning is the uprising of the Manipuri mothers in the backdrop of the rape and murder of Thangjam Manorama gives every down trodden community across the globe an inspiration and we too will follow what the mothers of Manipur had done against the colonial security force of the country run by the fascist regime.
In general the kind of exploitation to lower working class group by capitalist group is same in all the country across the globe. In the state of Manipur when one ponder on how the capitalist groups are using the lower class people should be understand by all.
First this capitalist group looted the working class people, then they make them hungry and later they feed them so that the working class people become their slaves. The truth is that they are making these groups as slave with things of their own.
The constructing big dams, exploration natural gas, etc. are not good signed for improvement of the working class people.
It is time that people of the state make meaningful observance of the May Day.

May Day born in the United States

By :- Sh. Ajit

The origin of May Day is indissolubly bound up with the struggle for the shorter workday – a demand of major political significance for the working class. This struggle is manifest almost from the beginning of the factory system in the United States.
Although the demand for higher wages appears to be the most prevalent cause for the early strikes in this country, the question of shorter hours and the right to organize were always kept in the foreground when workers formulated their demands against the bosses and the government. As exploitation was becoming intensified and workers were feeling more and more the strain of inhumanly long working hours, the demand for an appreciable reduction of hours became more pronounced.
Already at the opening of the 19th century workers in the United States made known their grievances against working from “sunrise to sunset,” the then prevailing workday. Fourteen, sixteen and even eighteen hours a day were not uncommon. During the conspiracy trial against the leaders of striking cordwainers in 1806, it was brought out that workers were employed as long as nineteen and twenty hours a day.
The twenties and thirties are replete with strikes for reduction of hours of work and definite demands for a 10-hour day were put forward in many industrial centers. The organization of what is considered as the first trade union in the world, the Mechanics’ Union of Philadelphia, preceding by two years the one formed by workers in England, can be definitely ascribed to a strike of building trade workers in Philadelphia in 1827 for the 10-hour day. During the bakers’ strike in New York in 1834 the Workingmen’s Advocatereported that “journeymen employed in the loaf bread business have for years been suffering worse than Egyptian bondage. They have had to labor on an average of eighteen to twenty hours out of the twenty-four.”
The demand in those localities for a 10-hour day soon grew into a movement, which, although impeded by the crisis of 1837, led the federal government under President Van Buren to decree the 10-hour day for all those employed on government work. The struggle for the universality of the 10-hour day, however, continued during the next decades. No sooner had this demand been secured in a number of industries than the workers began to raise the slogan for an 8-hour day. The feverish activity in organizing labor unions during the fifties gave this new demand an impetus which, however, was checked by the crisis of 1857. The demand was, however, won in a few well-organized trades before the crisis. That the movement for a shorter workday was not only peculiar to the United States, but was prevalent wherever workers were exploited under the rising capitalist system, can be seen from the fact that even in far away Australia the building trade workers raised the slogan “8 hours work, 8 hours recreation and 8 hours rest” and were successful in securing this demand in 1856.
Eight-Hour Movement Started in America
The 8-hour day movement which directly gave birth to May Day, must, however, be traced to the general movement initiated in the United States in 1884. However, a generation before a national labor organization, which at first gave great promise of developing into a militant organizing center of the American working class, took up the question of a shorter workday and proposed to organize a broad movement in its behalf. The first years of the Civil War, 1861-1862, saw the disappearance of the few national trade unions which had been formed just before the war began, especially the Molders’ Union and the Machinists’ and Blacksmiths’ Union. The years immediately following, however, witnessed the unification on a national scale of a number of local labor organizations, and the urge for a national federation of all these unions became apparent. On August 20, 1866, there gathered in Baltimore delegates from three scores of trade unions who formed the National Labor Union. The movement for the national organization was led by William H. Sylvis, the leader of the reconstructed Molders’ Union, who, although a young man, was the outstanding figure in the labor movement of those years. Sylvis was in correspondence with the leaders of the First International in London and helped to influence the National Labor Union to establish relations with the General Council of the International.
It was at the founding convention of the National Labor Union in 1866 that the following resolution was passed dealing with the shorter workday:
The first and great necessity of the present, to free labor of this country from capitalist slavery, is the passing of a law by which 8 hours shall be the normal working day in all states in the American union. We are resolved to put forth all our strength until this glorious result is attained.
The same convention voted for independent political action in connection with the securing of the legal enactment of the 8-hour day and the “election of men pledged to sustain and represent the interests of the industrial classes.”
The program and policies of the early labor movement, although primitive and not always sound, were based, nevertheless, on healthy proletarian instinct and could have served as starting points for the development of a genuine revolutionary labor movement in this country were it not for the reformist misleaders and capitalist politicians who later infested the labor organizations and directed them in wrong channels. Thus 65 years ago, the national organization of American labor, the N. L. U., expressed itself against “capitalist slavery” and for independent political action.
Eight-hour leagues were formed as a result of the agitation of the National Labor Union; and through the political activity which the organization developed, several state governments adopted the 8-hour day on public work and the U. S. Congress enacted a similar law in 1868.
Sylvis continued to keep in touch with the International in London. Due to his influence as president of the organization, the National Labor Union voted at its convention in 1867 to cooperate with the international working class movement and in 1869 it voted to accept the invitation of the General Council and send a delegate to the Basle Congress of the International. Unfortunately Sylvis died just before the N. L. U. convention, and A. C. Cameron, the editor of the Workingmen’s Advocate, published in Chicago, was sent as delegate in his stead. In a special resolution the General Council mourned the death of this promising young American labor leader. “The eyes of all were turned upon Sylvis, who, as a general of the proletarian army, had an experience of ten years, outside of his great abilities – and Sylvis is dead.” The passing of Sylvis was one of the contributing causes of the decay which soon set in and led to the disappearance of the National Labor Union.
First International Adopts the Eight-Hour Day
The decision for the 8-hour day was made by the National Labor Union in August, 1866. In September of the same year the Geneva Congress of the First International went on record for the same demand in the following words:
The legal limitation of the working day is a preliminary condition without which all further attempts at improvements and emancipation of the working class must prove abortive....The Congress proposes 8 hours as the legal limit of the working day.
Marx on the Eight-Hour Movement

In the chapter on “The Working Day” in the first volume of Capital, published in 1867, Marx calls attention to the inauguration of the 8-hour movement by the National Labor Union. In the passage, famous especially because it contains Marx’s telling reference to the solidarity of class interests between the Negro and white workers, he wrote:
In the United States of America, any sort of independent labor movement was paralyzed so long as slavery disfigured a part of the republic. Labor with a white skin cannot emancipate itself where labor with a black skin is branded. But out of the death of slavery a new vigorous life sprang. The first fruit of the Civil War was an agitation for the 8-hour day – a movement which ran with express speed from the Atlantic to the Pacific, from New England to California.
Marx calls attention to how almost simultaneously, in fact within two weeks of each other, a workers’ convention meeting in Baltimore voted for the 8-hour day, and an international congress meeting in Geneva, Switzerland, adopted a similar decision. “Thus on both sides of the Atlantic did the working class movement, spontaneous outgrowth of the conditions of production,” endorse the same movement of the limitation of hours of labor and concretize it in the demand for the 8-hour day.
That the decision of the Geneva Congress was prompted by the American decision can be seen from the following portion of the resolution: “As this limitation represents the general demand of the workers of the North-American United States, the Congress transforms this demand into the general platform of the workers of the whole world.”
A similar influence of the American labor movement upon an international congress and in behalf of the same cause was exerted more profoundly 23 years later.
The First International ceased to exist as an international organization in 1872, when its headquarters were removed from London to New York, although it was not officially disbanded till 1876. It was at the first congress of the reconstituted International, later known as the Second International, held at Paris in 1889, that May First was set aside as a day upon which the workers of the world, organized in their political parties and trade unions, were to fight for the important political demand: the 8-hour day. The Paris decision was influenced by a decision made at Chicago five years earlier by delegates of a young American labor organization – the Federation of Organized Trades and Labor Unions of the United States and Canada, later known under the abbreviated name, American Federation of Labor. At the Fourth Convention of this organization, October 7, 1884, the following resolution was passed:
Resolved by the Federation of Organized Trades and Labor Unions the United States and Canada, that eight hours shall constitute legal day’s labor from May First, 1886, and that we recommend to labor organizations throughout their jurisdiction that they so direct their laws as to conform to this resolution by the time named.
Although nothing was said in the resolution about the methods by which the Federation expected to establish the 8-hour day, it is self-evident that an organization which at that time commanded an adherence of not more than 50,000 members could not declare “that eight hours shall constitute a legal day’s work” without putting up a fight for it in the shops, mills, and mines where its members were employed, and without attempting to draw into the struggle for the 8-hour day still larger numbers of workers. The provision in the resolution that the unions affiliated to the Federation “so direct their laws as to conform to this resolution” referred to the matter of paying strike benefits to their members who were expected to strike on May First, 1886, for the 8-hour day, and would probably have to stay out long enough to need assistance from the union. As this strike action was to be national in scope and involve all the affiliated organizations, the unions, according to their by-laws, had to secure the endorsement of the strike by their members, particularly since that would involve the expenditure of funds, etc. It must be remembered that the Federation, just as the A. F. of L. today, was organized on a voluntary, federation basis, and decisions of a national convention could be binding upon affiliated unions only if those unions endorsed these decisions.
May Day Becomes International
On July 14, 1889, the hundredth anniversary of the fall of the Bastille, there assembled in Paris leaders from organized revolutionary proletarian movements of many lands, to form once more an international organization of workers, patterned after the one formed 25 years earlier by their great teacher, Karl Marx. Those assembled at the foundation meeting of what was to become the Second International heard from the American delegates about the struggle in America for the 8-hour day during 1884-1886, and the recent rejuvenation of the movement. Inspired by the example of the American workers, the Paris Congress adopted the following resolution:
The Congress decides to organize a great international demonstration, so that in all countries and in all cities on one appointed day the toiling masses shall demand of the state authorities the legal reduction of the working day to eight hours, as well as the carrying out of other decisions of the Paris Congress. Since a similar demonstration has already been decided upon for May 1, 1890, by the American Federation of Labor at its Convention in St. Louis, December, 1888, this day is accepted for the international demonstration. The workers of the various countries must organize this demonstration according to conditions prevailing in each country.
The clause in the resolution which speaks of the organization of the demonstration with regard to the objective conditions prevailing in each country gave some parties, particularly the British movement, an opportunity to interpret the resolution as not mandatory upon all countries. Thus at the very formation of the Second International, there were parties who looked upon it as merely a consultative body, functioning only during Congresses for the exchange of information and opinions, but not as a centralized organization, a revolutionary world proletarian party, such as Marx had tried to make the First International a generation before. When Engels wrote to his friend Serge in 1874, before the First International was officially disbanded in America, “I think that the next International, formed after the teachings of Marx, will have become widely known during the next years, will be a purely Communist International,” he did not foresee that at the very launching of the rejuvenated International there would be present reformist elements who viewed it as a voluntary federation of Socialist parties, independent of each other and each a law unto itself.

But May Day, 1890, was celebrated in many European countries, and in the United States the Carpenters’ Union and other building trades entered into a general strike for the 8-hour day. Despite the Exception Laws against the Socialists, workers in the various German industrial cities celebrated May Day, which was marked by fierce struggles with the police. Similarly in other European capitals demonstrations were held, although the authorities warned against them and the police tried to suppress them. In the United States, the Chicago and New York demonstrations were of particularly great significance. Many thousands paraded the streets in support of the 8-hour day demand; and the demonstrations were closed with great open air mass meetings at central points.
At the next Congress, in Brussels, 1891, the International reiterated the original purpose of May First, to demand the 8-hour day, but added that it must serve also as a demonstration in behalf of the demands to improve working conditions, and to ensure peace among the nations. The revised resolution particularly stressed the importance of the “class character of the May First demonstrations” for the 8-hour day and the other demands which would lead to the “deepening of the class struggle.” The resolution also demanded that work be stopped “wherever possible.” Although the reference to strikes on May First was only conditional, the International began to enlarge upon and concretize the purposes of the demonstrations. The British Laborites again showed their opportunism by refusing to accept even the conditional proposal for a strike on May First, and together with the German Social-Democrats voted to postpone the May Day demonstration to the Sunday following May First.
In this way, Marx, starting from the economy’s most basic unit – the commodity – brings out the nature of the economic laws governing capitalism. He thus exposes the scientific economic basis for the socialist revolution and the road to communism.

Indian para-athletes win 1 silver & 2 bronze at Asian Road Para-Cycling Championships 2019

By- Udita Dutta
New Delhi, April 29,

 Indian para-athletes put up a brilliant performance to secure 1 silver and 2 bronze at the Asian Road Para-Cycling Championships 2019 that saw 28 countries vying for the podium at Tashkent, Uzbekistan from 23-28 April. Divij Shah continued his remarkable record at this prestigious tournament by clinching his third consecutive silver medal in the C5 category.
“Feels great to have retained the silver position for the third time. A lot of hard work needs to go in to cover up the gap to get the gold. I have received tremendous support from Cycling Federation of India (CFI) and Aditya Mehta Foundation (AMF) to make it to the top,” said an elated Shah on his achievement.
Asian Para Games bronze medallist Gurlal Singh, who is the only Indian cyclist (able-bodied or otherwise) to win a medal at the Asian Games level helped swell India’s medal tally further by grabbing the bronze in the C4 section. Hand cyclist Sudhakar Marathe from Maharashtra made a debut to remember when he got hold of the bronze medal in H5 category.

Marathe, who suffered a train accident in June 2017, had been training for only six months before he got an opportunity to don the Indian jersey.
The 9-member Indian para-athlete squad included 4 border security force para-athletes: Para-cyclists Harinder Singh (Punjab), Gurlal Singh (Punjab), Kaigoulal, and Hand-cyclist Sudhakar Marathe (Maharashtra), and 1 central reserve police force para-cyclist, Birbhadra Singh. Along with the soldiers, 3 civilians — Prashant Arkal (Maharashtra), Divij Shah (Andhra Pradesh) and Arshad Shaikh (Andhra Pradesh) was also a part of the team.
In the past two years, the Indian contingent won a silver and a bronze medal in each edition through Divij Shah and Harinder Singh respectively.
The entire team had undergone rigorous training at the Aditya Mehta Foundation Academy in Hyderabad under the guidance of coach K Dathatraye and physiotherapist Ms Asha Shaikh.
Aditya Mehta, who himself was a para-cyclist and is the founder of Aditya Mehta Foundation had worked closely with the team, trained and travelled for the Championships congratulated the athletes for their medal-winning efforts. “The athletes showed tremendous grit and determination. The medals are a reward for that. It is still a long way to go and lot of hard work has to go in but am proud of the way the boys responded to the competition with the resources available. I am confident they will achieve their dreams and win Gold for India at the highest platforms soon,” said Mehta.
The Aditya Mehta Foundation (AMF) has been working tirelessly under the auspices of Cycling Federation of India (CFI) to help improve para-sports in India.

  • Published in Sports

Friendly Football Match

IT News
Imphal, April 29,

Tulihal Battalion of 9 Sector Assam Rifles under the aegis of IGAR(South) organised a friendly Football Match in Luker village of Imphal West District on April 28.

The Football match was organised by Patsoi Company Operating Base (COB) and played between the troops of the COB and the YPA Club Luker. The match was aimed at fostering competitive spirit and sportsmanship amongst youth of the area. The match was played with full vigour and enthusiasm showcasing true team spirit by the teams.  Both the teams gave their best efforts on the field.  
The match was enjoyed by over 100 locals who had come to witness the match from Luker and neighbouring villages. At the end of the match, both the winning and the runner up teams were felicitated with tokens of appreciation.  The event concluded with tea and refreshments for all.
The players and the locals were delighted and expressed their gratitude to Assam Rifles for organising the sports event. They also requested to conduct more such events for promoting sports in future as well.

  • Published in Sports

Workshop on Employability Skills and Career Counselling at RGU

From acorrespondent
Rono Hills (AP), April 30,

A two-day workshop on Employability Skills and Career Counselling organized by the Career Counselling Cell, Rajiv Gandhi University (RGU) in collaboration with Career Launcher, New Delhi began today in the University’s department of Education.
Chief Patron of the Programme, RGU Vice-Chancellor Prof. Saket Kushwaha in his address highlighted the techniques of achieving excellence in any particular career and suggested to the participants to add degrees of different fields to their educational qualification. “Commoners will never get a job and one has to put the self above minimum basic qualifications”, he said emphasizing that anyoneseeking a job has to have a strategic plan for that particular job, a good understanding and knowledge about the job and to motivate the self and change work ethics and attitude to optimize one’s abilities. He concluded his address with aninspiring line of a poem by Maithili Sharan Guptof the same name- “Nar honanirash karo man ko, Kuch kaam karo, kuch kaam karo.”

RGU Registrar Prof. Tomo Riba thanked the Vice Chancellor for keeping space for such programmes in the University calendar and expressed his appreciation to the organizing team. He added that “Getting a job is an art which requires key skills and training” and therefore it was important for the youth to attend such programmes. Besides, he remarked that success is the indicator of hard work and thereby, a perfect perception of the work is required along with hard work.
In-charge of the Placement Cell of RGU,Prof. Tasi Kaye reflected on the importance of the programme and expressed a conviction that the programme would mould the minds of the youth towards proper selection of career.
Earlier, the session began with a welcome address by Dr. Boa Reena Tok, Coordinator of the Career Counselling Cell, who highlighted the objectives and significance of the workshop. She exhorted the participants to make best use of the presence of the Resource Persons and to equip themselves with a better understanding of employability and skill sets required.
The programme was also attended by Prof Kesang Degi (Dean Students’ Welfare), Amit Dhar and Rahul Kumar Basakfrom Career Launcher who attended as Resource Persons, faculty members, research scholars and students of the University.
Dr. Siva Shankar, Asst. Prof in the department of Education, closed the inaugural session of the programme with a vote of thanks.

  • Published in News
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