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Wednesday, 24 April 2019 - Imphal Times

Re-poll in 12 polling stations of Inner Manipur PC concluded; Poll related violence reported

IT News

Imphal, April 24,

Re-poll in 12 polling stations of 4 Assembly Constituencies of the Inner Manipur Parliamentary election today concludes at 4 pm, however polling at some station continues even after 4 pm as voters were on queue inside the complex at the final hour.

As per report at 3 pm, voter turnout is recorded to be 73.8% which is relatively higher than the last polling. The voter turnout is expected to cross 80% after the completion of the polling as many are seen waiting on queue at around 3.30 pm. There were reports of poll related violence outside the polling station at Yambem area in Andro Assembly constituency. A vehicle (EECO Van) of CPI was vandalized by a group of people near 7/32 -Yambem(C) polling station of 7-Andro A/C. Speaking to reporters a CPI worker said that they tour the polling sites where the re-poll took place today, however when they were on their way to Yambem (C ) polling station some goons alleged to be worker of Th. Shyamkumar stopped them near the polling station. The goons started blaming them for trying to disturb the polling which they are not and started vandalizing their vehicles. Back Shield Glass of the van was destroyed in the goons attack, said Lairenjam Ongbi Shantibala.

Even though there are reports of minor scuffles between workers of Political party at one or two polling stations, polling was reported peaceful as it was conducted under strict security surveillance. Total number of voters in the 12 Polling Stations is 9006. Out of this 4353 are male while 4642 are female voter. There is a transgender voter in the 7/32 – Yambem Upper Primary School Polling station.

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Manipur Government makes Khongjom Day meaningless – Trust

IT News

Thoubal, April.24,

Observance of Khongjom Day in commemoration to the 1891 Anglo-Manipuri War has been made meaningless this year as the government seems to be diluting the history of Khongjom war by publishing a booklet called “Go to Village Mission” in connection with the day by the DIPR. This was stated by the President of the Khongjom War Memorial Trust (KWMT), M. Hemanta while talking to reporters today.

“Is the government trying to conceal the history of the Khongjom War from the future generation by publishing a booklet called “Go to Village Mission”?” asked M. Hemanta adding that from next year the government might publish Booklet called “Go to School” on Khongjom day.

“We have missed Manipur Today’s Special issue of Manipur Today on Khongjom Day this year”, Hemanta said and added that every year DIPR publish special issue of Manipur Today which content articles related to Khongjom War and those who had laid down their life fighting for the freedom of the nation in 1891.

Reacting to Imphal Times news story published yesterday under the heading “People unhappy with DIPR Journal on Khongjom Day” at which this newspaper highlighted that the booklet or the journal published in connection with the Khongjom day has no relevance with the Khongjom War of 1891. Hemanta said that it is a matter of shame for the state government to publish booklet which contain no article related to Khongjom Day with a cover of the Chief Minister and Prime Minister highlighting about “Go to Village Mission”. It is nothing but an attempt to mislead the observance of Khongjom day, said the President of Khongjom War Memorial Trust (KWMT).

He said that the people of Manipur knows better about Khongjom Day and since 1972 the day has been observing to commemorate the battle of Khongjom and booklet related to Khongjom Day used to publish to pass on the history of Khongjom Day to the future generation.

The booklet with cover page “Go to Village Mission” with articles related to the achievement of the government should have been published on other function as publication of such booklet is meaningless to the observance of Khongjom Day.

Hemanta also questioned if the government is planning to sabotage the history of the state.

Vice President of Khongjom War Memorial Trust, H.Biren Singh, Secretary, Th.Surendra Singh and joint secretary S.Sangkar Singh were also present during the meeting with the media person today.

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BJP workers assaulted CPI workers and damaged a van

IT News

Imphal April 24,

Even though the re-poll was conducted in 12 polling stations of the Inner Manipur Parliamentary Constituency, free and fair election seemed to be marred as poll related violence occurred at various places.

Today at around 10.45 in the morning BJP workers allegedly assaulted CPI workers and even vandalised a van they were traveling on.

The incident reportedly occurred at Yambem polling station 7/32 of Andro Assembly constituency.

Speaking to Imphal times, the victim said that he along with four others including two men and two elder women went to Yambem polling station to observe the condition of the polling. He said that around 200 metres away from polling station they were then asked by many people about their identities and accused them that they have come to disturb the election.

Later, he said that the key of the van was forcibly taken by them and people started assaulting him and also people threw stones damaging the van.

He said that it was an undemocratic act promoting hooliganism.

Similar incident also took place at Kiyamgei where polling agent of CPI were again threatened.

Meanwhile CPI candidate Dr. M Nara said to media persons that re-poll has benefited a lot. He also said that instead of feeling ashamed for conducting re-poll because of various misdeeds and booth capturing, act of hooliganism still took place at various places where their workers were again assaulted.

He assured that the re-poll will evidently increased his votes and decrease the votes of others.

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Chairman N. Oken elaborates revolutionary consciousness of the people on occasion of 25th Foundation Day of KYKL

IT News
Imphal, April 24,

Chairman of the proscribed group Kanglei Yayol Kanna Lup (KYKL), N. Oken pays revolutionary salute to the people of WESRA , revolutionary organization, CSOs of the region, media fraternity and intellectuals of the region on occasion of the 25th Foundation Day of the party which falls on April 25.
In a statement N. Oken elaborated the present revolutionary movement and the revolutionary consciousness of the people.
“India , a state of states, is a nation built on an incorrect basis which we can term as a prison of nations. It is a union of states where Hindi speaking people from the heart-land (about 45 percent of the total population) colonises and suppresses the people from the rim-land.
“While we have seen resistance movement in WESEA, Kashmir and Punjab since its inception, such movements were not seen in other bigger peripheral states. But day by day, contradiction between the Hindi heartland and rim land is becoming evident more and more in Indian politics, making it clearer that the rimlands are the colonies of the former.
“These days in Indian politics, it is seen that people from heartland are supporting national parties while peripheral states like West Bengal, Punjab, Kashmir etc. are supporting regional parties. These patterns of core-periphery relation signify that India is going to be balkanized soon.
“And this contradiction seems to have reached a stage where it is impossible for the rimlands to turn back. Unfortunate, our WESEA is now moving to a wrong direction completely opposite to the trend mentioned above. As often seen here our electoral politics is absolutely determined by the mainland politics. Even now, except Mizoram, almost all NE states are ruled by political ruling at the centre or its alliance. Few years backs, we have seen living examples of Kanglei Politicians switching sides to the party ruling at Delhi.
“ The determination of the Wesian politics completely with the politics of the Indian heartland is a phenomenon quite unnatural to a land where there is an armed resistance  movement. And now it is the epochal task of the people to find out the reason why things as such happen here in the region.
“What we have observed tells that we are much closer to heartland India than other Indian peripheral states.
“Besides we have abundant examples showing the quantum of slave and colonial mentality we have as a people. We even have politicians who can touch the feet of Indian leaders, much younger than him.
“ Mayang society of India is purely based on caste system. Now we begin to think those Indians standing at the lower rung of their social ladder are lower and smaller than us. Comparing with them, we feel proud of ourselves. At the same there is also a concept creeping into our psyche that those Mayangs from the higher rung of the society who are colonising us are much bigger and higher than us. This phenomenon is quite analogues to the very idea ‘the inferior complex of the oppressed ‘ as propounded by French psychologist, O.Mannoni .
“ We think that they, the Indian ruling class, are bigger than us in terms of territory and population. They are richer, more educated and more intellectual than us. As a product of this line of thinking, we accept to be under them. This is what we call the colonization of the mind”. Oken stated.

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“Space Waste” (A threat- beyond the control of general public) By:Sanjenbam Jugeshwor Singh.

Initially the term Space debris referred to the natural debris found in the Solar System like; asteroids, comets and meteoroids. However the beginning of the NASA Orbital debris program in 1979, the term also refers to the debris (alt: space waste or Space garbage) from the mass of defunct, artificially created objects in space in the orbit of the Earth. Theseinclude old satellites and spent rocket stages as well as the fragments from their disintegration and collisions.
As of December 2016, five satellite collisions have generated space debris. Space debris is also known as Orbitaldebris, spacejunk, spacewaste, spacetrash, and space litter or space garbage. As of 5th July 2016, the United States strategic Command tracked a total of 17,852 artificial objects in orbit above the Earth, including 1,419 operational satellites. However these are just objects enough to be tracked. As of January 2019, more than 128 million bits of debris smaller than 1 cm (0.4 inch), about 9, 00,000 pieces of debris (1 -10 cm) and around 34,000 pieces larger than 10 cm were estimated to be in orbit around the Earth. Collision with debris have become a hazard to Spacecraft, causing damage akin to sandblasting, especially to Solar Panels and optics like telescopes or Star trackers that cannot be covered with a ballistic whipple shield( unless it is transparent).
Below 2,000 kms(1,200 miles)Earth-altitudes, pieces of debris are denser than meteoroids, most are dust from solid rocket motors, surface erosion debris like paint flakes, and frozen coolant from RORSAT ( nuclear power satellites). For comparison ,the International Space Station orbits in the 300 -400 Kms( 190-250 miles) range and 2009 satellite collision and 2007 antisat test occurred at 800 to 900 kms( 500 -560 miles) altitudes. The ISS has whipple shielding,however known debris with a collision chance over 1/10,000 are avoided by maneuvering the stations.
The Kessler syndrome, a runway chain reaction of collision exponentially increasing the amount of debris, has been hypothesized to ensue beyond a critical density. This could affect useful polar –orbiting bands, increases the cost of protection for spacecraft missions and could destroy livesatellites. Whether Kessler syndrome is already underway has been debated. The measurement, mitigation and potential removal of debris are conducted by some participants in the space industry. The main sources of space debris are (i) Dead spacecraft’si.e those spacecraft’s and satellites whose life span are ended (ii)Lost equipment’s belonging to the astronauts and cosmonauts. AstronautsEd White lost a glove on the first American spacewalk (EVA); a camera lost by Michael Collins near Gemini 10; a thermal blanket lost during STS-88; garbage bags jettisoned by Soviet cosmonaut during Mir’s 15-year life, a wrench and a toothbrush; Sunita William of STS-116 lost a camera during an EVA. During an STS-120 EVA to reinforce a torn solar panel, a pair of pliers was lost and in an STS-126 EVA, HeidermarieStefanyshyn-piper  lost a briefcase sized tool bag (iii) Booster:  characterizing the problem of space debris, it was learned that much debris was due to rocket  upper stages which end up in orbit and breakup due to decomposition of unvented, unburned fuel(iv)Weapons: a past debris source was the testing of antisatellite weapon (ASAT) by the U.S and Soviet Union during the 1960s and 1970s.North American Aerospace Defense Command(NORAD) files only contained data for Soviet tests and debris from U.S. test were only identified later. By the time the debris problem was understood, thus widespread ASAT testing ended; the U.S. program 437 was shut down in 1975. But on 27 March 2019, Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi announced that India shot down one of its own LEO (Low Earth Orbit) satellite with a ground base missile. He stated that the operation ,part of Mission Shakti, would defend the country’s interest in space .The vulnerability of satellite to debris and possibility of attacking satellite to create debris clouds has triggered speculation that it is possible for countries unable to make a precision attack. An attack on a satellite of 10 tons or more would heavily damage the LEO environment.
The threats of space debris aremultipronged. It is a threat to active satellite and spaceships. The Earth orbit may even become impassable as the risk of collision grows too high. Although spacecraft’s are protected by whippleshields, solar panels which are exposed to the sun, wear from low mass impacts. These produce a cloud of plasma which is an electrical risk to the panels. Satellites are believed to have been destroyed by micrometeorites and orbital debris (MMOD). The earliest suspected lost was of kosmos 1275, which disappeared on 24th July 1981(a month after launch).Kosmos contained no volatile propellant, therefore there appeared to be nothing internal to the satellite which could have caused the destruction explosion which took place. However, the case has not been proven. It is also a challenge to manned spacecraft’s to avoid collision. Although most debris burns up in the atmosphere, larger objects can reach the ground intact. In 1969 five sailors on a Japanese ship injured by space debris. In 1997an Oklahoma woman ,Lettie William, was injured when she was hit in the shoulder by a 10 cm X 13 cm (3,9 in x 5.1 in) piece of blackened ,woven metallic material confirmed as part of the propellant tank of Delta II rocket which launched by U.S Air Force satellite the year before. We may recall the original re-entry plan for SKYLAB, called for the station to remain in space for 8 to 10 years after its final mission in February 1974.On 12 January 2001, a Star 48 payload Assist Module (PAM-D) rocket upper stage re-entered the atmosphere after a catastrophic orbital decay, crashing in the Saudi Arabian desert. In the 2003, Columbia disaster, larger parts of the spacecraft reached the ground and entire equipment system remained intact. So, space debris or space garbage is a great threat to the Earth,the control of which is beyond our reach.
Writer can be reached to:This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. Or WhatsApp’s No: 9612891339

The Power YOU Have

By : Mr. Prem Rawat,

“It is a good thing to know others, but it is a wise thing to know yourself”. Nature has bestowed on every living thing the necessary power that is required for its survival. It is inherent in everyone and is an incredible thing. It can change the impossible into possible, sadness into happiness, war into peace and hate into love. The question is ‘Do you realize, the power you have is a gift of nature?’ As a human being YOU are bestowed with the true power of abundant kindness, joy, love, truth and peace within yourself. These are the things that can change the face of your own world in which you live every day, every moment and there will never be a shortage of these. Despite of all turmoil, there is abundant source of happiness in you, which you can bring forward whenever and wherever you need. In the deepest hour of sorrow, you still have these powers in you that have the ability to change sorrow into happiness for you. The only thing you require is to practice these powers; because whatever you practice, you get good at it.  If you find yourself getting angry within no time, it means you have practiced anger the most in your life. Practice peace in your life and you can get good at it.
Of all the powers you have, you also have the power to feel peace within yourself. When you are in peace, your world will be in peace too. So take that time to make a difference in life, for which you only need to care. This is one earth and one humanity. You as a human being, can make others project out their good. One should learn to appreciate the differences. These differences are like, the spaces between two places; and building a bridge can connect the two places. We have not yet built this bridge because of the differences. You have that power to bridge the space by doing constructive things for your loved ones.
Everything in your life begins with you sowing seeds. Love, kindness, peace, understanding, doubt and confusion are like the seeds you have been given. Depending on which seed you sow in the soil of this life, will be those trees you see in the garden of your life. They all start out as little seeds, but as they sprout and grow, they manifest their particular characteristics. Some you will like and others you won’t. It’s upto you which seeds you sow and nurture in your life. It’s not only a question of sowing the seeds but also nurturing them, watering them, protecting them, taking care of them so that they grow in the soil of our life. To feel kindness, to feel true love, to understand what it is like not to be in doubt and confusion; this is something you do first of all for you and then for other people; and it will be a step towards humanity and peace.
When you focus on problems, you will have more problems and when you focus on possibilities, you will have more opportunities. Ships don’t sink because of the water around them; ships sink because of the water that gets into them. So don’t let what’s happening around you get inside you and weigh you down. Life is an opportunity – the truest opportunity, as we only have this one life to navigate. The breath coming into us is the definition of opportunity. Sometimes we need to be reminded of that to keep our focus clear and to remember what is real because we get impressed by money, followers, degrees and titles. One should be impressed by kindness, integrity, generosity and humility. This should be real and practical.
There are activities in our life that actually does not have any weight. But we give them gravity, shape & importance and weight them so much only in our minds which weighs us down. Being victorious over the self requires us taking decisions in our life, not others on our behalf. Being victorious over the self does not mean conquering. We always look at things as we have to conquer the situations, people and ideas. Conquering means somebody is going to win and somebody is going to lose; but when we are victorious over ourselves, we don’t lose, we win; nobody loses. It’s only win-win situation. If life is a lottery, we all hold winning tickets in our hands.
(Mr. Prem Rawat, also known by the honorary title of ‘Ambassador of Peace’ inspires people with his message around the world towards a unique opportunity of self-discovery and he offers a practical way of feeling peace within oneself. For more information please visit the websites www.rajvidyakender.org and www.premrawat.com.)

Heisnam Basantakumar Award 2019 conferred to Nongmaithem Tombi Singh on World Book Day

Imphal, April 24,

Heisnam Basantakumar Award 2019 was conferred to Nongmaithem Tombi Singh on World Book Day 2019 held yesterday at Manipur Hindi Parishad.
The function was organized by Sahita Thoupang Lup. On the occasion, Director Tourism Waikhom Ibohal Singh, Director Art and Culture Aribam Shivdas Sharma and Director Social welfare Ngangom Uttam Singh grace as Chief Guest, President and Guest of Honour respectively.
The award carries a sum of Rs.10,000/- a shawl and citation.
It may be mentioned that, in his short period of life, Late Heisnam Basantakumar(1950-1990) wrote a novel entitle ,”Mongpham” and Poetry entitle “Basanta Paojel”. The award was donated by his son Balkrisna Heisnam, Director DIPR, Manipur.

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All you need to know about KIDNEY TRANSPLANT

By-      Dr Sudeep Singh Sachdev, Nephrologist, Narayana super speciality hospital, Gurugram

What is Kidney Transplant?
Kidney transplant is a procedure done though surgery to replace a kidney by a healthy kidney from a live or deceased donor. The transplanted kidney takes over the work of two kidney that failed so that the patient doesn’t need dialysis. 
Kidneys are bean shaped organs placed on either side of the spine just below the rib cage. The main function is to filter and remove excess waste, minerals and fluid from the blood by producing urine.
Kidney transplant is done when the kidneys lose the ability to filter and thus harmful level of fluid and waste accumulate in your body, which can raise the blood pressure and result in kidney failure.
During the transplant surgery, new kidney is placed in the lower abdomen and connects the artery and vein of the new kidney to new body’s artery and vein. The new kidney starts making making urine as soon as the blood starts flowing through it. But sometimes it takes few weeks to start normally. 
India positioned at Kidney transplant in the world.
The wait for new and right kidney can be very long sometime in India. Generally the transplanted kidneys comes from the died donors and some come from family members. 
About 2 lakh patients In India are waiting for organs with mere 15000 donors available. The ministry of health calculation says that the annual requirement for kidneys could range between 2-3 lakh with a mere 6,000 transplants occurring in reality.
The variance between the demand for and supply of kidneys has lead the government to push deceased donor or cadaver donations. The old statistics from the Indian Transplant Registry, a non-governmental initiative by the Indian Society of Organ Transplantation, says that out of the 21,395 kidneys transplanted in India between 1971 and 2015, only 783 were from cadaver or deceased donors.
Also the lack of awareness and hesitation from the family is some of the main reasons for lower cases of deceased donors in India.
Well post 2012 there is significant increase in the organ donations. The live kidney transplant programme in India is evolved from the past 50 years and is currently the second largest program in numbers after the USA. 
The better immunosuppressive drugs and induction agents stop early rejection events and also there has been a various changes regarding using high dose steroids to prevent graft rejection, and this has resulted in lower incidence of postoperative complications after transplant surgery.
There has been vast changes in the methods also of transplant. Now there are minimal invasive methods for managing transplant surgery complications.
Since 2011 there has been a rule in Indian law and amendments, that there is a provision of “required request” to the intensive care doctors to ask for organ donation in the event of brain death. As it also makes it mandatory to register it nationally and counsel relatives for organ donation. This has also improved the deceased rate of donation in India. 
The responsibility of making donations happen is with hospitals. So in respect of making it success of this programme, the early identification, certification and maintenance of the potential donors in the the intensive care units is important.  But the potential to make it more success only few public hospitals participate as  mostly victims with severe brain injury due to road traffic accidents finish up in these public hospitals.
The states that has generally relatively better are from south India such as Tamil Nadu, Puducherry, Kerala, and Andhra Pradesh. In north, Chandigarh has done well in terms of donors as per million population. 
As of now, the kidney transplant costs between Rs 5 lakh to Rs 6 lakh in private hospitals in the country. And post treatment, the monthly cost is around Rs 15000 and life long medicines Rs 10,000 per month.
The records in Indian Transplant Registry reported that hat between 1971 and 2015, a total of 21,395 kidneys were transplanted in India, out of which a mere number of 783 kidneys belonged to deceased or cadaver donors. It also due to lack of knowledge of the process and apprehension among Indian families, thereby decreasing the number of deceased donors in the country.
 The report also says that more than 2.5 lakh people suffer from last-stage kidney diseases every year. In that 7 out of 10 patients go for dialysis and nearly 6 out of those 10 cant continue due to heavy treatment fees. There are dialysis centres but major based in cities. 
India is the diabetic capital of the world, and increase in the diabetes also leads to proportionate increase in the chronic kidney disease. With the patients suffering from kidney disease and come up at end stage dialysis and kidney transplant is the only option.
Post the transplant, one of the major challenge is to sensitise the patient about the importance of the post-post-transplant care and due to any negligence which can be worsen the condition further and can be fatal.

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