Saturday, 02 February 2019 - Imphal Times

IT News

Imphal, Feb 2,

BJP led NDA government has choked out all possibilities to make sure that the contentious Citizenship Amendment Bill, 2016 be passed at any cost even if it fails in the ongoing Budget Session of the Rajya Sabha, a highly placed source from the National Capital told this newspaper.

“Some media house or web portal are reporting speculative news saying that the CAB 2016 will not be tabled during the ongoing session and some reported that the CAB 2016 will be passed as supplementary Bill, but there is no such announcement made or neither such announcement had ever been followed in the proceedings of the Rajya Sabha”, a political analyst told Imphal Times when questioned about the credibility of the news report.

He further added that, as the President of India , in his address on the first day of the session has out rightly pointed the government intention to pass the Bill, possibility of tabling the Bill at any time during the session is high.

“Even though the BJP knew that they will be defeated in Rajya Sabha because of the number factor, they will tabled the Bill at any cost and may see if the opposition walk out as done in Lok Sabha”, he said and added that if the opposition walks out again the Bill will be an Act. But Opposition counters and voted against it there is no way that the Bill will get easy passage.

The withhold of the Bill in the Rajya Sabha does not worry the BJP as there is also another option to pass the Bill.

Source from the Rajya Sabha said that if there is differences between the Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha on the passing of a Bill, the President of India may summon a Joint Parliamentary Session under the provision of the Provisions of Constitution of India under Article 108.

In the Joint Parliamentary session, the BJP MPs number is higher and definitely they may pass it easily, a Political Analyst told Imphal Times.

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Imphal, Feb 2,

North East based armed insurgent group received a thrashing blow as the Head Quarter of the National Socialist Council of Nagaland-Khaplang (NSCN-K) which has signed peace pact with the Government of Myanmar has been reportedly taken under the control of the Myanmar Army. The NSCN-K Head Quarter is located at a place in Sagaing Region of Myanmar.

The improvement of relationships between the India and Myanmar and their assurance to tackle the problem of insurgency may have been result for the action of the Myanmar army, said a defence source.

According to Myanmar based media report, there was not a single firing taking place when the strong convoy of Myanmar army numbering around 400 coup the NSCN-K head quarter.

The Government of Myanmar has signed a cease fire agreement with some rebel groups of that country and the NSCN-K have also come into such an agreement with Myanmar Government. As a part of the agreement, the Naga rebels can stay in a specific area in Taga. Armed insurgent group of the NE region are reported to have taken advantage of the situation for staying in the facilities of the Naga groups in Taga in Sagaing region of Myanmar.

The report added that members of the NSCN-K’s Peace Committee and some unarmed members of the group remain at the headquarters.

Leaders of the NSCN-K said he did not know why the Myanmar Army sent troops to the NSCN-K headquarters.

“It can be said they have occupied it. There were no casualties or injuries,” The Irrawaddy quoted Tatmadaw, a leader of the NSCN-K.

The NSCN-K signed a regional-level truce with the government in April 2012. It has no plan to relocate its headquarters, because it was established with the agreement of both sides, the report said.

The Myanmar government has urged NSCN-K to sign the Nationwide Ceasefire Agreement (NCA), but the armed group has stated that it would not sign unless and until it reaches an agreement that can cover all the Naga people who live in Northeast India and Myanmar.

The National Socialist Council of Nagaland was founded in 1980 with the aim of establishing a sovereign Naga State. It split into two factions in 1988: the NSCN-K led by S. S. Khaplang, which is based in Myanmar, and the NSCN-IM led by Isak Chishi Swu and Thuingaleng Muviah, which is based in India. S. S. Khaplang died in 2017.

On the Myanmar side, there have been no clashes between the Myanmar Army and the NSCN-K since 2000. However, last July the North-West Command warned then NSCN-K chairman Kham Ngaw not to operate outside its territory. The group was forced to give up one of its toll gates.

The NSCN-K toppled its Chairman Kham Ngaw in a meeting the following month, and elected Yong Awng, the nephew of late leader Khaplang, to the chairman’s position.

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Saturday, 02 February 2019 16:54

India should learn from NE states: Rakesh Sinha

IT News

Imphal, Feb 2,

The North East is the centre of cultural gravity of India, there is are many things that the rest of Indian states should learn from this region, said  Rakesh Sinha, Member of Parliament (Rajya Sabha).

The Member of Parliament, made the statement while addressing the gathering at the two-day- long (02-03 February) national symposium on Revisiting Colonial Legacy jointly organised by Intellectual Forum of North East; Dhanamanjuri University, Imphal and Department of Social Work, Indira Gandhi National Tribal University, Regional Campus Manipur, Makhan Village; Centre for Manipur Studies, Manipur University today at G.P Women’s College, DM University, Imphal.

While highlighting the need to protect the cultural identity, Rakesh Sinha, who is also the Member of ICSSR (Indian Council of Social Science Research), said that more than seven decades of independence, the entire Northeastern region has been exploited and marginalised. Indian should learn true nationalism, cultural unity and women empowerment from the north east. There is no need for mainstreaming of the region.

Rakesh Sinha said after independence, “Mountbatten was appointed as the Governor General of India on 15 August, 1947. The appointment of a foreigner as the First Governor General of India was made to protect the dignity of Jawaharlal Nehru, the first Prime Minister of India. The book of history for transferring of power transfer is missing. Till the year 2014, there was imitation of British rule in the country although there was no British rule. In order to decode the history of colonial legacy, we need to understand the people who are conspiring to harm the nation”.

KG Balkrishnan, Former Chief Justice of Supreme Court of India, emphasise the need to examine and revisit the colonial legacies in order to better understand the present political scenario.

He also said that colonialism or colonial rule was a historical phenomenon: conquest, emigration and subjugation happened in history. Colonialism is the establishment and maintenance for an extended term of rule over an alien people that is separate from and subordinate to the ruling power. Colonialism means domination of an alien minority, administrators, business men and soldiers asserting their racial and cultural superiority over the subjugated people.

Professor, Kuldip Chand Agnihotri, Vice Chancellor of Central University of Himachal Pradesh, said we all should try to understand ourselves with case study, and stop saluting imposter historian and sociologists who infuse false ideas and ideals through their books and research.

Indian history will be a complete one only when the contributions of North East, North West and South Indian were included, otherwise it will remain as North Indian history, said Kuldeep, while adding that the western society and Indian society is two different entities- the last unit of a society in western world is individual while it is the family in the Indian society. So, western always talk about individual rights while the Indians fight for the family rights.

J Nandakumar, National Convenor of Pragya Pravah said that as a colonial impact our art forms were also connected with colonial masters. What is happening in the country is the “blur view of the colonial era”. We are not concentrating on our potentials to unite the country.

The seed of British colonialism in the region of present day Northeast India was sown with the treaty of Yandaboo signed between the King of Ava and the British on 24 February, 1826 started the British rule in Assam. In 1830, Cachar came under British jurisdiction. Subsequently, in 1854 the hill areas of Cachar were annexed followed by Lakhimpur in 1835 and Sylhet in 1858. Manipur had retained its status as an independent region (princely state), as well as the Khasi Hills, but Jaintia Hills came under the British in 1835. The Naga Hills was finally annexed as a district in 1866, followed by the Garo Hills in 1869. The “Chin-Lushai Expedition” of 1889-1890 by the British Government finally led to the colonial permanent occupation of Lushai Hills. Manipur also eventually came under British rule following the defeat in Anglo Manipuri War of 1891. In the early 18th Century, the British empire sought to establish trade routes with Tibet leading Sikkim to fall under British suzerainty. So, the whole of the region of present day Northeast India (NEI) formed originally by seven states of Assam, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland, Arunachal Pradesh, Tripura, Manipur, and Sikkim had been under British colonialism staring from varied times in the first quarter of the nineteenth century till independence in 1947, Nandakumar said.

Th Radheshyam Singh, Minister of Education and Labour and Empowerment, Government of Manipur said while addressing his chief Guest Speech that British ruled the country with divide and rule policy, they destroy the economy and culture of the country during their rule.

Nowadays modern education has become a system, however we should object if the education system destroys the cultural and social identity of our society, the Minister said while highlighting the urgent need to protect diminishing culture and identity of marginalised section of the society.

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A rapist who allegedly raped a 17 years old girl in his locality has been remanded to 15 days judicial custody by District and Session Judge Thoubal on Friday.

The accused has been identified as Wangjam Himalaya (25) S/o Kumar of Thoubal Wangmataba Kairanbi Mathak Leikai.

Both the accused and victim are relative, sources said. The incident took place on January 16 when the accused forcibly raped the girl while all the members of the victim family were away. 

The accused was arrested by Thoubal police on January 27 based on a written complaint filed by the mother of the victim. He was produced before the court and remanded to police custody till today. 

With the period of police custody being over, the accused was produced today before District and Session Judge Thoubal which later on remanded him to 15 days judicial custody. 

When the accused was produced before the court, irate womenfolk stormed the court demanding to give him fitting punishment.

Meanwhile, a public meeting was held at Wangmataba Litan Makhong organised by  YDSO Club and Nupi Chaokhat Khongthang Lup Thoubal. The meeting resolved to oust the accused from the locality while demanding compensation for the victim.

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Imphal, Feb 2,

Intimidation seems to be blowing in the air breath by the state journalists as it takes nearly three days for condemnation on the police harassment meted out by New Delhi based, ISTV News Correspondent, Seram Rojesh. Scribe bodies, instead of acting tough waited for verification of the journalist from the media house where he work to sent out a condemnation note. The police wilderness to the journalist even after providing his identity card was however condemn by the journalist body – the All Manipur Working Journalist Union (AMWJU) after 2 days.

Following is what Rojesh wrote, which provoke the AMWJU to release a condemnation note:

“I am submitting my report on how I was manhandled and arrested and detained along with the protesters from a goal chakker nearby  Vijay Chowk , New Delhi on 30th January 2019. 

“On 30th January 2019, I went to make a media report  of the public demonstration against Citizen Amendment Bill  at Jantar Mantar  that was organised by six students bodies from Manipur in association with four students organizations in Delhi. I took media coverage for the protest demonstration at Jantar Mantar.

“After the protest demonstration was over at Jantar Mantar, I was invited to make media coverage of another protest that will be held in few minutes later.  So I went there at the protest site at Vijay Chowk and reported the protest demonstration.  The protesters from Manipur including some Meira Paibi leaders had staged a protest at Vijay Chowk and they had burned effigies of the leaders of the central government at that spot.

“As a correspondent, I was video recording the protest. Suddenly, many police and security guards rushed to the protest site and police started lathi charge to the protesters. Since I was recording from a distance of the protest and police lathi charge, some of the police personnel were very conscious that media people were watching the police lathi charge. During the recording, some police forced me to put off the camera at the site of the Vijay Chowk.

“After some time, the protesters were pushed back with lathi charge toward roadside. One student was beaten up by some police personals. I rushed to record it.  Some police shouted at me and asked not to take videos. 

“May be a half kilometre away from Vijay Chowk nearby a metro station, many police personnel from different direction detained all the protesters in a roadside. I was recording them. After around 20 minutes, some police bus came with many police personnel. Police personnel started pushing them; some of them were lathi charged.

“I was recording and explaining how the situation was from the back side. The police were aware that I was recording videos of the arrest.

“My right hand holds my ISTV microphone with ISTV logo and my left hand trying to record my video. Another camera is hanging on my front.  My ISTV Press card is hanging on my neck. Those police knew that I was from media and reporting the arrest.  Some police dragged me, manhandled me and even punched me from the back.  I told them that “Mein Media sey hoon”( I am from Media). One police replied “Media sey kya huwa “ and dragged me and dumped inside the police bus.  They clearly knew that I was reporting and those police did not want me reporting.  The way they dragged me, manhandled me and show their attitude (racial), really made me disappointed. I was detained along with the protesters at Mandir Marg.               

“Inside the Mandir Marg Police Station, I told to one of the police officer who visited inside the police station about the manhandle on me, a media person on duty by the police personnel. It appeared that the said police officer was trying to contact the concerned police personnel but I was not informed anything from that police officer.

“I was released at around 8pm after nearly five hour of detention in the Mandir  Marg police station”.

The writing was addressed to executive members of AMWJU as well as to the Management of the ISTV Network.

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Technique after technique seem to be utilized to calm down the people of the North East states using propaganda by misinforming matters related to contentious Citizenship Amendment Bill , 2016, which the BJP is putting all its energy to pass it at the Rajya Sabha.
When the entire people of the North East states (except the BJP bhaks) opposed the Bill and uproar against its passing on January 8 at Lok Sabha, and when the state of Assam were nearly burnt, a spokesperson of the Ministry of Home Affairs in an announcement made on January 22 said that consent of the state will be taken before the granting of citizenship to the illegal non-Muslim immigrants from Afghanistan, Bangladesh and Pakistan. The statement of MHA was term as an attempt to fool the people by a veteran politician Okram Joy Singh. The veteran Politician had stated that CAB, 2019 comes under Union list and saying that consent of the state government will be taken while granting citizenship is unacceptable until a clause on what the spokesperson had assured is added on the Bill.   
Later, the Union Home Minister told that the Bill will not affect the people of the North East states. Memorandums after memorandum have been submitted from almost all people of the region except the BJP, urging the central government to withdraw the Bill. Reasons for the apprehension have been elaborated and violation of the constitution to the passing of the Bill has also been pin pointed time and again. But the Union Minister still tame those who meet him – sometime giving assurance that the states of NE will be protected and sometimes justifying the need of the Bill.
Here in Imphal, illogical explanation on the better side of the Bill is being use as a tool to fool the people by some Ministers and the spokespersons of the state BJP saying that – selection of specific communities base on religion and granting them citizen is a real face of secularism. This was stated by the Education Minister Th Radheshyam while speaking to a discussion programme at local cable TV. The oratory skill of Radheshyam got applauses from many and even the Chief Minister of Manipur had in a public speech appealed to listen his speech. While saying so, the Chief Minister seem to have forgotten that he had already announced the people that his government will urged the Central Government for insertion of a clause that would protect the NE States particularly the state of Manipur.
With the speculation that the BJP will use all means to pass the Bill in the Rajya Sabha , civil society bodies from Manipur are stationing at Delhi to stage protest against the passing of the Bill. Congress Party and other political party are also stationing at Delhi to lobby the MPs of political parties to oppose the Bill from passing in the Rajya Sabha.
When people across the reason are spending sleepless night it was only yesterday that an audio record of of a telephonic conversation had spread at Social networking site. The conversation seem to be spread to let the people that the Chief Minister N. Biren Singh had agreed to oppose the Bill which was a total baseless . What the Chief Minister had stated was that he would urged the government to insert a clause in the Bill for exempting the state of Manipur from CAB. He never did signed any memorandum which say no to the Bill.
Now, another news is spreading around through social networking site by a media channel stating that the Contentious CAB 2016 will not be table in Rajya Sabha. The report also even quoted the vice Chairman of the Rajya Sabha saying it.
Well, the CAB 2016, was openly back by the President of India Ram Nath Kovind during his speech on the opening day of the interim Budget session.
President’s speech on the opening day of the session is most important that whatever he said is the voice of the government and the parliament cannot make a mockery of the presidential speech.
The report about the Bill, saying that it will not be presented in the ongoing session at Rajya Sabha is nothing but another trick to fool the people of the North East states.
The report also seems rather a strategy to calm down and put the people of the state under their full control so that any uprising against the passing of the Bill could be prevented.

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By:Sanjenbam Jugeshwor Singh.

Mass protest against the Citizenship Amendment Bill 2016 in North East states of India turned deaf to the Government of India as President Ram NathKovind in his speech at the joint parliamentary session of Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha at Central Hall of Parliament on 31st January 2019 assured passage of the Bill in the Indian Parliament. President Ram NathKovind addressed the legislators from both Houses on the first day of Budget Session and he backed the Center’s Citizenship Amendment Bill which met stiff opposition from all section of people in North East, political Parties, student bodies and Civil Societies Organizations. In his speech, President mentioned that “The citizenship Amendment Bill” will make it easier to provide Indian Citizenship to those who had to take refuge in India after facing oppression somewhere else. The Bill seeks to amend Citizenship Act of 1955 in order to grant citizenship to Hindus,Buddhists,Sikhs,Jains,Parsis  and Christian from Bangladesh,Pakistan and Afghanistan, if they have lived in India for six years even if they don’t possesses the necessary documents .He further said, the Bill  will seek to address “ Injustice and deprivation” in society.
One of the ethical consideration embodied in the Bill is: why foreigners or the migrants want to stay in India? The answer to this question is very simple. The basic reason that the illegal migrants from the above mentioned countries are subjected to various forms of harassment or persecution on the ground of religion or caste. There is also report that they are forced to convert into other religion. Naturally, life is risky for them in these countries. That’s why they want to stay in India, which they claimed as their ancestral land (Country) or the land in which their ancestors lived/ settled. Thus the ethical value in the Bill is that the life of the people of Indian origin from the above mentioned countries and communities will be protected and saved. Therefore there is the need for passing the Bill in both Houses of Parliament.
But, the demography of the North East  particularly Manipur has been imbalanced due to illegal migrants. That’s why AMSU has been demanding detection and deportation of illegal migrants since 1970s.After long agitations, accords have been reached between AMSU and State Government in two instances. One in 1980 and another in 1994, in presence of the Governor of Manipur. However in this context of Manipur and North East states the Government of India has again tabled the Bill and consequently passed the CAB-2016 byLok Sabha on 8th January 2019 which threatens the survival and very existence of the indigenous peoples of Manipur and North East. The Bill seeks to make immigrants from the above mentioned countries if they are Hindus,Sikhs, Buddhists, Jains, Parsis or Christians and entered India on or before 31st December 2014, who may have been considered illegal till now, eligible to apply for Indian Citizenship.
The Bill, if enacted into Law, would also abate all proceedings that may be pending against such victims of religious persecution to determine if he is an illegal migrant and reduce the qualifying period to apply citizenship, on the ground of naturalization from 11 years to 6 years. Government of India also issued notification on 7th September 2015 and 18th July 2016, making amendments to the passport (Entry into India) Rules 1950, allowing illegal migrants communities mentioned above from the said countries who entered & sheltered in India on or before 31st December 2014 to apply Indian citizenship without valid documents or with expired valid documents. With these, the Bill further makes the base year of 1951 for detection and deportation of illegal migrants ,agreed in 1980 & 1994 between AMSU & GOM also base year mention in Manipur People Bill passed by Manipur Assembly in 2018 (now in the President’s office for assent) meaningless. Taking these plights and possible dangerous consequences in the demographic imbalances due to CAB, all the Civil SocietyOrganizations andStudent bodies of Manipur from both Hill &valley, irrespective of caste and community have come out together and formed a united body or core Committee (consisting of more than 72 Organizations) which is now known as MANIPUR PEOPLE AGAINST CAB (MANPAC) on 28th December 2019.This day will be a red letter day in the history of Manipur. ThusCitizenship Amendment Bill (CAB) has become an adhesive to establish the solid integrity of Manipur which appeared fragile for quite some time.

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