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Items filtered by date: Tuesday, 15 May 2018 - Imphal Times - A Daily Eveninger

We need change in grassroots to bring inclusive development: CM

Imphal, May 15,

Chief Minister N. Biren Singh said that if we want positive change and inclusive development in the State then it should start from the grassroots level. He was speaking at a ‘Go to Village’ camp held at Govindagram Laiharaopung, Wangoi A/C in Imphal West today. The camp was organised by District Administration, Imphal West.
 Speaking as Chief Guest, Chief Minister said that the essence of doing politics is to serve the people of the State and that’s why the present government, since its inception, decided to reach out to the people of the State. Now, under the initiative of the present government ‘Go to Village’ mission, most of the government services are being delivered at the doorsteps of the people. The people would no more face the inconvenience of visiting different Government offices for enrolment of different schemes or registering their grievances, he added.  Such mission is one of the steps to make a corruption free society, he mentioned.

Chief Minister informed the gathering that around 80,000 applicants were received on the inaugural day of the ‘Go to Village’ throughout the State.
Mentioning that there is around 40,000 drop-out students in the State, Chief Minister stated that the newly launched ‘Lairik Tamhanlasi’ scheme would encourage those students who are enrolled in government schools to get education by providing the cost of admission/examination/tution fees, uniform and text books to all the students in the State, he added. He announced that bathrooms and toilets especially for women and girls would be constructed near village ponds in every villages of the State. A budget of Rs. 3.5 lakhs would be allocated for such construction in each and every village, he added.
More than 25 different Government Departments including Agriculture, Fishery, Handloom and Handicrafts, Education etc. opened stalls to address people’s grievances at the camp. Chief Minister personally visited all the stalls being opened at the camp. During the inspection, Chief Minister directed the officials of the Indian Oil Corporation (IOC) to provide gas connection to the 50 eligible beneficiaries on the spot.
On the occasion, Chief Minister distributed benefits under different social security schemes to selected beneficiaries.  
Minister  Karam Shyam,MLA  O. Lukhoi, Imphal West Adhyaksha Smt. R.K Taruni, Additional Chief Secretary Dr. Suhel Akhtar, Additional Chief Secretary Letkhogin Haokip and Imphal West DC Ningthoujam Geoffrey were also present at the occasion.

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48 hours cease work strike by Diesel Auto is an opportunity of the government to decide the fate of Imphal city

IT Desk
Imphal, May 15,

48 hours cease work strike by passenger Diesel Auto and Tata Magic vehicles perhaps is an opportunity for the concern government authority to check its impact to the Khwairamband Keithel as well as to the other business sectors leaving aside the traffic congestions and noise pollution issue. Well on the second day of the 48 hours cease work strike by the passenger diesel auto service and Tata Magic Vehicle, traffic police personnel seem to be relaxed this morning as they are not facing hardship in maintaining vehicular flow in a systematic way.
An independent survey conducted this morning by Imphal Times team, number of street vendors has been reduced to almost 70%. However, there is no dearth for vegetable in the market. There are adequate numbers of vendor lady seen in the Khwairamband Keithel today morning. There were less congestion in the selling site and traffic was almost free, even making ways for the city bus service introduced by the state Transport department.
Nandini , a vendor lady when talk to Imphal Times said that she didn’t have problems in her business. She sold little amount of business by buying them from the whole seller market at Nagamapal and Temporary Market set. One problem she narrated is the increase of price in the name of the ongoing cease work strike by the diesel auto.
“ We are doing well and good and the consumer are happy as they could park their small vehicles as the road is not congested’, Menaka another vendor woman said . She however expressed worried about her colleagues who used to sell vegetable along with her by coming early in the morning from far away villages like Kodompokpi , Yumnam Huidrom, Nambol, Wangoi, Patsoi etc.

What Imphal Times team found out is that only some few vendor ladies came to sell their vegetable collected from their locality, but majority who thronged in the Khwairamband keithel sold the vegetable by buying it from whole sellers. And the whole sellers don’t depend on Diesel Auto vehicles for transportation of the vegetable but rather depended to mini trucks as the quantity is large.
During the TRPC meeting held on April 25 this year, what has been discussed is to reduce the congestion in Khwairamband Keithel by conducting a survey.
When former Chief Minister Okram Ibobi came to power for the time there were talks about setting up satellite towns in the periphery of the Imphal city. This was with an idea that not only the vegetable traders but all traders of day today required commodities could gathered. Lamphel Supper market shed and the Porompat Supper Market Shed , which has been converted as JNIMS campus was the first to open. But due to reason best known both failed.
Imphal Times concern now is about the 18,000 plus diesel auto which have been in service to feed their family. As it is known from the two days independent survey conducted by Imphal Times finds that almost all people coming to Khwairamband Keithel is from far away town villages. These vendor ladies not only came to sell vegetable in the Khwauramband Keithel but also to buy vegetables from the whole sellers at Nagamapal and Temporary Market set.
If these whole seller vegetable stalls have been provided at the outskirt of the city there is a possibility that the Diesel auto would not have much problem even though they have been ban at certain area from entering the city zone.
Doing that both the diesel auto service providers as well as those buying and selling small quantity of vegetables will have no effect in continuing their business.
The two day data of what had happened to the economy of the Khwairamband market, conditions of the traffic movement will help the government in forming modalities to solve the problem of congestions and pollution.

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Students’ body threatens boycotts of 2 MLA over rape issues

IT News
Imphal, May 16:
Demanding justice for the rape victims with the rising rates of crime against women in the state, Socialist Students’ Union of Manipur (SSUM) has threatened to boycott of two MLAs – one from Thanga and the other from Thangmeiband Assembly Constituency if they fail to stand for the rape victim and deliver justice to the victims who happened to be from their respective constituencies.
Speaking to media persons in a joint press conference organized by SSUM, POFM and Thangmeiband Apunba Nipu Lup (THANIL) at the office of SSUM, Bhushan Longjam, Co-Convenor SSUM expressed disappointment over MLA of Thanga A/C for failing to notice the problems faced by the recent rape victims of their constituencies on the interference by politicians.
Victims family has informed that the condition of their daughter is worsening day by day.

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North East Dialogue Forum opposes Citizenship (Amendment) Bill; urges to withdraw the Bill

IT News
Imphal, May 15,

Terming the Citizenship (Amendment) Bill as another agenda to suppress the voice and to violate the rights of the Indigenous people North East Dialogue Forum has urges both the Government of India and the Government of Assam to withdraw the Bill. In a press statement, the Forum said that since the last many decades the Indigenous people inhabited in the North East are threatened in their own land due to the domination by the large number of illegal migrants from the neighboring countries which the Government of India had failed to control during the time of migration.
“Citizenship (Amendment) Bill is another agenda to suppress the voice and to violate the rights of the Indigenous people by violating the United Nations Declaration on Rights of the Indigenous People, 2007 by granting citizenship to persons belonging to minority communities namely Hindus, Sikhs, Buddhists, Jains, Parsis and Christians from Afghanistan, Pakistan and Bangladesh which is a clear threat to Self Determination over the Indigenous people’s land”, the Forum stated.  
The statement further added that based on Assam Accord, at the intervention of the Supreme Court of India and on the instruction of the Central government, the Government of Assam is engaged in intensive updating of the National Register for Citizens (NRC) to include people permanently residing in the state till 24th March 1971 and to treat them alone as genuine citizens of the country.
The Forum also condemn the updating of NRC in Assam as it will give another threat to the Indigenous People of Assam and North East in general. The Forum blamed the Government of India over failure to recognize and protect the rights of the Indigenous people but. It said considering the illegal migrants as the citizen of India is a clear violation of Rights of the Indigenous people.

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Hospital Shifting: JAC calls 48 hours general strike

IT News
Imphal, May 15,
JAC formed against the shifting of the District Hospital which was already laid foundation stone at Sagolmang has called 48 hours state wide general strike starting from 5 am of May 19.
This was announced today by the advisor of the JAC Against Unnatural Shifting of district hospital, Imphal East , Sagolmang , MK Jeet , while talking to media persons today.
Convenor of the JAC  MK Jeet while speaking to media persons said that Sagolmang being a center of many villages need a hospital to facilitate health care service for all the villages which is about 20 Km from Imphal.

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Blood donation camp held at RIMS

IT News
Imphal, May 15,
The College of Nursing, RIMS, Imphal in collaboration with department of Immunohematology & Blood Transfusion (IHBT) organized awareness cum voluntary blood donation camp at the IHBT, RIMS, Imphal today.  The program was sponsored by the State Blood Cell, National Health Mission, Manipur. More than 50 B.Sc, Nursing, MBBS and BDS students took part in the blood donation camp. During the program, the principal of the College of Nursing, RIMS, Imphal Prof. H. Jamuna Devi mentioned that the awareness cum voluntary blood donation camp was held in connection with the observance of International Nurses week. She further said that blood donation is one of the most significant contributions by the human being. Whichever person contributes the blood for donation; they make the huge respect towards the society. Blood donation is the big contribution in the whole life of people.
The faculty members, staff and students of Nursing, Medical and Dental attended the program.

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Boy Drown; 1Dead Body Recovered

IT News
Imphal, May 15:
One 14 years youth drown today at Imphal River at around 7 am today while trying to fetch a ball whiclh felt in the river while playing at the bank of the river at Singjamei Wangma Kshetri Leikai.
The youth is identified as Ningthoujam Mahesh, son of Ongnam Ningol Ningthoujam Ongbi Memtombi of Mongkhang Lambi, Singjamei Wangma Kshetri Leikai. Mahesh is a student of Catholic School, Canchipur, studying in 9th standard.
On the other hand, a dead body was found near Wangbal Fishery Gate in Wangbal early morning around 5:30 am today.
The dead body has been identified as Soibam Bishwanath (23 yrs), son of Soibam Khongamani Singh of Wangjing Heitupokpi Leikai in Thoubal District.
Police personnel of Thoubal police recovered the body and deposited at JNIMS morgue for post mortem.

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The Evolution of The Meetei State

Dr. K. Manikchand

The ancient kingdom of Manipur ruled by its sovereign monarchs uninterruptedly for about two millennia under a single dynasty has now become a state of India consequent upon its merger with the latter on 15th October 1949. Manipur has now an area of 22, 356 sq. kms only. But in the days when Manipur was a sovereign state, its territory was much bigger. The areas comprising the three sub-divisions of upper Chindwin District of present day Burma, viz., Thangdut, Khambat and Kale were integral parts of Manipur and river Chindwin (Ningthi) formed the international boundary between Manipur and Burma till
1834 AD. The said areas continued to be bone of contention between Manipur and Burma till Manipur was merged with the Republic of India. In west parts of the plains of
southern Cachar were included in its empire and in the
North the forest between Doyang and Dhunsiri was the
boundary between Manipur and Assam.
Manipur consists of both hills and plains. The Central plain known as Manipur Valley and its adjacent hill areas were the homeland of the Meeteis since time immemorial. Meetei by now are inhabiting only in the plain, the hills being made the exclusive abode of the Nagas and Kukis. It was in the heart of this central plain of Manipur that the Meiteis since the dawn of history began to evolve from a petty principality to a powerful kingdom with a vast geographical area comprising not only the valley and the surrounding hills hut also of other territories that lay beyond its present frontiers. It was their high sense of ethnocentrism, inherent martial tradition, spirit of heroism and soldierly qualities that led the forefather of the present day Meiteis to engage in frequent encounters even with their bigger and powerful neighbour, the Burmese. It was no mean achievement for such a numerically small nation to plunder and lay in devastation frequently areas right up to the walls of Ava, the then imperial capital of Burma.
The age-old Meitei political organization and social setup was a model of excellence. Since the first century AD, the Meiteis developed a monarchical form of government. From the 5th Century it was monarchy with an unwritten constitution. But from the 11th Century it was monarchy with a written constitution. The constitution is still known as ‘Loiyumba Shinyen’ after the name of King Loiyumba (1074-1122 AD) who promulgated it. ‘Loiyumba Shinyen’ was based on earlier codes and conventions current during earlier reigns with further additions and improvements enshrined the state duties of the crown, the administrative duties of officials, the administration of justice, functions of various state departments, the social distribution of economic occupation, etc. The Constitution was in force till the British occupation of Manipur in 1891 AD.
The old Meitei religion has the characteristics of a national religion having elaborate system of religious acts, especially sacrifices, prayers and hymns, etc. It was the state religion of Manipur and was professed nut only by the Meiteis but also by the Lois and other communities including some tribal communities. The religion was evolved from tribal polydaecnovism to polytheism and thence to a monotheistic tendency. The Meitei supreme Lord, Shidaba Mapu, like the Shang Ti in the old Chinese religion is the ‘Father of gods and men’. The Meiteis, however, came within the fold of Hinduism extensively since the beginning of the 18th century on account of proselytization. But Hinduism had taken roots in Manipur in such peculiar and superficial way wherein the Meiteis rejected many of its tenets while at the same time, keeping up most of their traditional basic elements which formed the core of the Meitei religion. Dr. S.K. Chatterji has compared such a Manipuri brand of Hinduism with the Japanese Buddism or ‘Mixed Shinto’.
The Meitei language which originally belonged to the Meitei tribe (Ningthoujas) ultimately became the official and Court language of Manipur as it is to-day. It has been the lingua-franca among the hill tribes since very early period. The civilization, the Meitei built up in the valley of Manipur was amazingly magnificent. Sir Charles Lyall described it as a singular oasis of comparative civilization in the midst of barbarous people. Bowers also subscribes to the same view when she says, “Manipur is an oasis of civilization among head-hunters, aborigines and predatory and warring neighbours”.
The process of Evolution:
The erstwhile Meitei nation was formed by the assimilation of seven different but closely knit and allied tribes once settled in different parts of Manipur both in the plains and the adjacent bill areas having well defined principalities, each independent of each other. The components of Meitei confederacy were : The Meitei, Angom, Khaba Nganba, Chenglei, Khuman, Moirang, and Luwang. Beside these, there existed several other tribes such as Mangang, Monding, Chairen, Khende, Heirem Khunjah, etc., each of the reigning on their own principalities. In course of time these principalities were merged into one or the other of seven principalities. Then seven tribes again underwent an age-long struggle against themselves till the Meitei tribe finally established supremacy over the rest and absorbed them one by one in a period that covered several centuries. After their assimilation, the name Meitei became the common nomenclature for all of them. Those seven tribes were what are now known as the seven sallies of the meiteis, viz., Ningthouja, Angom, Moirang, Khaba Nganba, Chenglei, Khuman and Luwang. It may be noted that the Meitei tribe was and is still known as Ningthoujas in terms of Salei. The remaining six salais retained their tribe names. Though the different salais were once ruling in their own principalities independent of one another, the people of one salai could reside in the principality of another salai by owning his allegiance to the salai, he resided. Thus a khuman could live at Moirang and vice versa. In spite of maintaining their own distinct identities, these salais, as noted already belonged to a closely knit and allied tribes having more or less similar social set up, political organization, religion, language, customs, traditions, usages, food habits, dress etc. Inter-marriage among these different salais have been a very common feature since time immemorial. Besides matrimonial ties, political alliances were not uncommon among them. During the time of King Khumomba (1263-1278 AD) the Burmese attacked the Khuman Kingdom. The invasion was repulsed by the united force of the Meitei, Moirang and Khuman. However internal feuds among themselves were the order of those days till the Ningthoujas (the Meitei tribe) gradually annexed all the principalities.
The recorded history of Manipur begins from the second quarter of the first century of Christian era when Pakhangba became the first historical king of the Meiteis. Though the pre-history of Manipur, is still under investigation, all evidences point to the fact that the Khaba Nganba, Angom, Moirang, Chenglei and several other tribes were already in existence by establishing their strong holds in different parts of Manipur years before the accession of Pakhangba to the throne of Kangla, the historic capital of Manipur.
The evolution of the Meitei nation was started with the accession of king Pakhangba in 33 AD. The first Salai (tribe) into the Meitei fold was Khaba. Till the beginning of the Christian era, the Khaba Kings were ruling at Kangla. When Pakhangba arrived at the outskirts of the capital with the intention to seize the throne, the Khabas resisted fiercely. In their first encounter Khaba Nungjenba, the king of the Khabas, defeated Pakhangba and the latter fled to the Moirang kingdom. When he took refuge in Moirang, he left two progenies Mungyang Chaopa and Tangkhrum Limyipa. Both of them were observed in the Moirang Salai under the Sage is of Mungyancham and Lairenjam respectively. The fact that, the Ningthouja Salai, the descendents of Nongda Lairen Pakhangba, do no marry these two sageis of Moirang salai is a living trace of what had occurred in early times.
Meanwhile Pakhangba organized and trained an army at Moirang and with the latter help Pakhangba attacked the Khabas. Khabas Nungjenba was shot dead by Moirang Chaopa Shapon Sharoupa by a stroke of arrow. Thus Pakhangba usurped the throne from the Khabas. Afraid of the wrath of Pakhangba, most of them fled to different places in the hills and the valley. Some of them fled towards, the eastern hills and became Tangkhul Machiya and the others who tied towards, the western hills became Kabui Nungnang and those who fled toward, the south became Mahou Londai. Some of the Khabas took shelter in the Angom Court. Khaba Nonganba, the youngest of the Khaba princes, besought the mercy of Pakhangba and was pardoned. Thus Pakhangba usurped the Khaba principality and since then the latter ceased to exist as an independent tribe and were absorbed into the Meitei fold.
When Pakhangba defeated the Khaba king and usurped his principality, he also overran the Angoms and Chengleis. In ancient Meitei texts and Chronicles, the three defeated Chiefs were referred to a ‘Soraren Asiba Ahum’. But while Khaba salai was subdued permanently the Angom and Chenglei however, continued to preserve their political identity for several centuries. While the Angoms continued to be a powerful Salai and it entered into several conflict and encounters with the Ningthoujas (Meiteis), not much was recorded about the Chengleis in the annals of Manipur. In the fifth Century A.D. King Naokhomba had forcibly taken away and married the wife of Chenglei King, Thangji Khongjomba. In the seventh Century, we find a reference in Ningthoural Lambuba to the conquest of Chengleis (Thanga- Khambong) by king Naothingkhong on his way home after the conquest of the Mangangs at Loiching. Yet another reference in state Chronicles, Cheitharol Kumbaba, reveals that king Punshiba (1404-1432) also invaded and conquered the Chengleis. This was the last that was heard about the Chengleis. However, it seems very clear that since the time of King Pakhangba till their final absorption the Chengleis could preserve their political identity only at the pleasure of the Meiteis.
During king Naothingkhongs reign a small tribe called Mangang was inhabiting loiching Phouoiching as an independent tribe. Naothingkhong invaded the mangangs and defeated Mangang Khongkhuchu Atengba, Chief of the Mangang and brought them under Meitei supremacy. Naothingkhong was hence-forth called Mangang-ngamba (the conqueror of Mangang). Since then the mangangs were merged into the Meitei tribe.
The annals of Manipur do not record any conflict between the Meiteis and the Luwangs. The Luwangs were ruling in their own principality independently of the Meiteis for several centuries after the first century AD. But nothing worthy of attention was heard about them before and after the reign of Luwang Ningthou Punshiba, the foremost king of Luwangs. He was a renowned scholar statesman king, who flourished until the middle of the seventh Century AD. Before ascending the throne of the Meiteis in 663 AD ; Nauthingkhong received instructions on the customs, manner, royalty and administrative duties of a king from Luwang Punshiba. The Luwang king died on the middle of the seventh century when Naothingkhong was still at the Luwang capital. After his death Luwangs began to decline. Subsequently around the middle of the 8th century, the Luwang king, Phantek Shoknaiba who reigned at Lammangdong was defeated and his principality was devastated by the united forces of Khuman King Chongkhong Thongsaiba and the Moirang king Ura Khundaba. Subsequently, the Luwang lost their independence.
The Khuman principality lay to the south of the Meitei. They were famous for their wild and turbulent nature. For several centuries they made their capital at Thoubal. Around the 7th century the Khuman Chief Adon Laiphengba shifted the Capital to Nongyai Leikoipung (Now Mayang Imphal). Till the 13th Century, the Khumans were able to preserve their sovereignty in spite of the intermittent onslaughts of the Meiteis. Still the Meiteis did not choose to annex the Khuman principality till the Khuman King Adon Lamyaj Kaikhinba voluntarily handed over the administration of his kingdom to Meitei king Kongyamba(1324.335) The Khuman king himself settled in the capital of the Meiteis for the rest of his life. The Khuman principality was thus annexed by the Meiteis.
The Moirang principality lay to the south west of the Meiteis. We have alluded already about king Pakhangba’s sojourn in the Moirang principality. The Moirangs were then probably the most powerful principality in Manipur. Since then the Moirangs were able to withhold their sovereignty until the middle of the 15th century. When Ningthoukhomba, the Meitei king (1432-1467) conquered the Moirangs and killed Sanahongba, the Moirang King, the principality was lying in devastation for a long time. Since then the Moirangs came under the Suzerainty of the Meiteis. Instead the Moirang Chief duly appointed and installed by the Meitei Kings continued to rule the principality. But during Gourashyam’s (elder brother of Joy Singh) reign Khellei Nungnang Telheiba, who was appointed Moirang Chief by the former, revolted against Jai Singh alias Bhagyachandra with Burmese help. Being defeated Jai Singh fled to Assam. After his return from Assam Jai Singh killed the Moirang Chief and principality was then put under the direct rule of the Meiteis. Subsequently the Moirang Chiefs appointed by the Meitei kings were made nobles in the Court of Meitei kings at Imphal.
The Angom principality lay to the east of the Meeteis. Their capital was at Pureiromba. The Angoms had already estab1ished their principality before Pakhangba usurped the throne of Kangla from the Khabas. Pakhangba also overran and devastated the Angom Principality. But unlike the Khabas, the Angoms were not absorbed by the Meiteis. In the sixth century A.D, Sameirang the Meitei King attacked and conquered the Angom by killing Kwakpa Thawanthaba, the Angom king. The principality was not, however, annexed and it continued to preserve its separate identity. In the 16th century Meitei king, Koiremba, removed Loijangamba, the Angom Chief from Chief ship. However Nonginphaba (1523-24), the Meitei king killed by Angom Chief Kiyamba. Such a state of affairs continued till the time of king Charai-Rongba (1696-1709) who finally crushed the Angoms and totally emerged them into the Meitei fold. Charai-Rongba confiscated the white Chong and Shekpin, the white-sozal insignia of the Angom kings. Thereafter the Angom Chiefs appointed by the Meitei kings occupied a very important office in the Chirap Court of the Meiteis. However, all evidences point to the fact that even though the Angoms often rose against the Meiteis and even killed the Meitei king on one occasion or another, they were practically dominated by the Meiteis since very early period of history. This is evident from the fact that on many occasions the Meitei kings exercised their authority over the Angom Chiefs by sending them on expeditions, by removal or reinstatement of the Chief ships, etc. Thus with the vertical integration of the seven salais, who at one time independently ruled in their well-defined principalities, into a single national entity, the evolution of the Meities state which was initiated by king Pakhangba, the founder of Ningthouja Salai was completed by his succeeding generations. While the process of assimilation was going on in the Valley, the territorial expansion far beyond the valley and surrounding hills are also affected.
Manipur lost her sovereignty in 1891 to the British. But the British however, regranted the state and from 21st August 1891, Manipur became a Suzerain state under the British government. After India became free, Manipur was integrated with the union of India on 15th October, 1949, and with the erstwhile nation state of Manipur was dissolved.

Khonjom Day : Its okay to observe on April 23 , but the fact should be well maintain

The debate over the actual date of Khonjom war is still going on. A group said the war occurred on April 23, 1891 while another group denied it saying that the war actually happened on April 15, 1891.
Knowingly or unknowingly the state government started observing Khonjom Day every April 23 in commemoration to the war heroes of Khongjom War which is also known as the last battle of Anglo-Manipuri War after issuing a govt. notification No. 2/9/82 R , dated Oct. 11 1982 and Gazette Notification No. 266 of October 15.
But then a controversy has been raging over the actual date of determining the historic battle as the occasion has been observed as a state function since 1973 for which a memorial foundation stone was laid by late Hon’ble President of India Shri V. V. Giri on 21st October, 1972.
Intentionally or unintentionally, the souvenir published by Publicity Department, Government of Manipur issued in connection with late President’s visit to Manipur (refer to above), -it is mentioned that the Battle of Khongjom took place on 25th April, 1891 (page no. 19 of the Sovenir).
Considering the importance of event and to arrive at a amicable conclusion to put an end to the controversy a High Level Committee was constituted under the Chairmanship of Yumnam Yaima Singh, the then Speaker of Manipur Legislative Assembly on May 1982 which recommended 23rd of April, 1891 as actual date in which the said battle.
It’s not about disregarding the observance of Khongjom Day on April 23 to commemorate those sacrificed for the cause of the erstwhile kingdom but it is about correcting the error as it would mislead the historical facts.
Well as per war dairy of the British army it is stated that - On the Letter No 181-M dated 29th April, 1891, location Camp Manipur, Brigadier-General T Graham, C.B., commanding the Tamu Column, Manipur Field Force wrote to the Assistant Adjutant- General, Manipur Field Force. This was also published by, The London Gazette  dated August 14, 1891.
In the report it is being reported that he main body of the Tamu column concentrated at Tamu on the 21st April, and advance on the 23rd April, it having been arranged that the column from Kohima, Silchar, and Tamu should concentrate on Manipur on the 27th April, 1891. The report said that, on the 24th April, While the main body was at Tengnoupal, Information was received from Palel that the Manipuri troops  had entrenched themselves in a position about six miles north of Palel, and orders were issued for a reconnaissance to be made on the 25th April to ascertain their strength.
The letter showed that Tamu troop who had fierce battle with Manipuri army reached only on April 25.
That means that it was not possible for the war to occur on April 23 of 1891.
After the debate over the actual date of the war nearly reached its catastrophe the Department of Art and Culture of the State government constituted a review committee comprising of 6 experts to find out the historical facts of the Anglo Manipuri War on November 14, 2014.
For reason best known  the committee remain slumbered and another reminder was sent to the Commissioner of Arts and Culture, government of Manipur by the then Director of the same department on March 18, 2016.
This write up has no opposition in the observance of Khongjom Day on April 23 ,  but the fact about the battle should let known and well recorded in Govt. records.  

Fake Aadhar Card Racket Busted; Such activities is a major threat to indigenous population: CM  

Imphal, May 15,

 Chief Minister N. Biren Singh said that the Manipur Police has successfully busted gangs for making fake Aadhar Cards in the State. This was stated by him at a press conference held at Chief Minister’s Secretariat yesterday.  
Briefing the media persons, Chief Minister said that following a tip-off, SP Tengnoupal and his team intercepted two vehicles near Moreh Police Station coming from Moreh towards Imphal yesterday. Out of the ten passengers, nine persons were found to be illegal immigrants without having valid documents. On further verification, all illegal migrants were from Myanmar, he added. The lone Indian named Mrs. Paritha Begum w/o Mohammed Mohideen of Shree Ram Nagar, Edappallayam, Chennai, Tamil Nadu was one of the traffickers, he added. The other traffickers are Mrs. Ni Ni Sin d/o Md. Yashmin of Tar Ka Ta, Nawy Aay, 3 Street, No. 255, Yangon State, Myanmar and Mrs. Phyu Phyu Win w/o Khaza Mohideen of Tar Ka Ta, Nawy Aay, 3 Street, No. 255, Yangon State, Myanmar. On further enquiry, Police raided the house of Md. Tomba alias Inaocha (one of gang members) and seized two laptops, four Aadhar Cards, one printer machine, one laminating film machine, Laminating plastic sheets, photo paper, two DVDs etc.
Chief Minister recalled that on March 25th, 2018 Jiribam Police had also arrested Nongthombam Argentina alias Pinky d/o (L) N. Brajabihari Singh a resident of Babupara Ward No. 5, Jiribam for allegedly making fake Aadhar Card at her residence and other places. 85 numbers of Aadhar enrolment forms, one laptop, one Eye Iris CMIT machine with camera, Biometric (Green) BIT, GPS, Mobile handset and a scanner were seized from her possession. The co-accused of the racket Md. Aziz Ahmed s/o Md. Keramat Ali of Dibong Lamlong, Jiribam is on the run now. After such incidents, Chief Minister said, the government would remove Common Service Centres as access point for Aadhaar services throughout the State. Chief Minister said that the present government is anxious and take such illegal activities as a major threat to the indigenous population and would affect the present and future generation of the State. It is beyond imagination that what worse could have been done in last 10-15 years in the State, he added. Chief Minister said that we need to re-verify the identity of the tenants living in various areas of the State immediately. He appealed the people of the State for their support and co-operation to protect the indigenous population of the State for easy detection of illegal immigrants living in the State. He mentioned that we need to create more awareness among the landlords, transporters and people about such illegal activities in the State.  He further stated that Imphal Airport is also susceptible for transportation of illegal immigrants so a special Police Check Post would be opened to detect illegal immigration from tomorrow.
Mentioning about the condition of NH 37 Imphal-Jiri road, Chief Minister said that the Bailey bridge near Nung Dolan has been repaired. Highlighting the frequent kidnapping cases of the officials working on Imphal-Jiri Railway Project for ransom, Chief Minister said that such unwanted incidents hamper the developmental works in the State. Such unwanted incidents must be stopped immediately in other developmental projects, he appealed.
On the occasion, he appealed to the people and media fraternity of the State to support the ongoing ‘Go to Village’ mission to deliver the basic government services at the doorsteps of the people. Regarding the cease work protest by various Driver’s Associations of Diesel Autos, Tata Magic and Wingers, Chief Minister clarified that the government didn’t take any decision or issued any official order regarding the ban of diesel autos and winger in and around the Imphal City. He said that stringent action would be taken up to those who disrupt the lives of the people illegally.
Replying to a query, Chief Minister N. Biren Singh has said that the State Government will put in best possible effort to table a Bill in order to protect the indigenous people of the State in the coming Assembly session this year. A Committee has been formed in this regard, he added.
Seized articles, fake Aadhar and Voter ID Cards were also displayed in front of the media persons.
Minister for PWD, RD&PR Th. Biswajit Singh, Chief Secretary Dr. J. Suresh Babu, DGP Shri L.M. Khaute, ADGP Shri Pramod Asthana, IGP Shri L. Kailun, IGP Clay Khongsai, SPs of Imphal East, Imphal West and Tengnoupal and other Police officers attended the press conference.

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