Log in
Rinku Khumukcham

Rinku Khumukcham

Rinku Khumukcham, Editor of Imphal Times has more than 15+ years in the field of Journalism. A seasoned editor, was a former editor of ISTV News. He resides in Keishamthong Elangbam Leikai, with his wife and parents. Rinku can be contacted at [email protected] 

Website URL:

Pre-school enrolment in Manipur’s Bishnupur district lowest in India – ASER report

IT News

Imphal, Jan 17

Free and compulsory education to all children in the country seems to have no significance in the state of Manipur as enrolment of children in pre-school is considerably lower than any other districts in the country.

The fourteenth Annual Status of Education Report (ASER 2019 ‘Early Years’) released in New Delhi on January 14 this year says that only 13.3% of 4 year olds and 1.2% of 5 year olds are enrolled in Anganwadis (pre-school) in Bishnupur district of Manipur. This number is considerably lower than the all-districts average of 44.2% children enrolled in Anganwadis  in age 4 and 26.2% in age 5.

The finding was conducted in 26 districts across 24 states in India using Probability Proportional to Size survey methodology. The survey covered a total of 1,514 villages, 30,425 households, and36,930 children in the age group of 4-8 years. Sampled children’s enrollment status in pre-school or school was collected. Children did a variety of cognitive, early language, and early numeracy tasks; and activities to assess children’s social and emotional development were also undertaken. All tasks were done one-on-one with children in their homes. In Bishnupur, a total of 1,202 households in 60 randomly selected villages were surveyed. 1,305 children in the age group of 4-8 were covered in this survey.

The report said that ability of the children between age 4 to age 5 to do all tasks is comparatively poor . It said, while 31% of 4-year-olds enrolled in anganwadis or government pre-primary classes were able to do a 4-piece puzzle, 45% of 5-year-olds attending these institutions could do so. In Bishnupur, almost none of the children in the age group of 4-5 years could correctly answer the listening comprehension questions. Only 1% of 4 year olds and 0.6% of 5 year olds could correctly do this task.

Enrolment of children as per the Right to Education Act, 2009 (RTE) are not appropriates in Bishnupur district. The ASER report said that the RTE mandates age of 6 years for entry to Std I. In Bishnupur, 62.6% of the children enrolled in Std I are of age 7 and 8 and 17.8% of the children are of the age 4 and 5. This shows that a major chunk of children in Std I in Bishnupur are not of the appropriate age.

The ASER report said that 47.2% of the children in primary grades at the age of 8   could identify all the four primary emotions compared to an all districts average of 60.5% covered in the survey.

In Bishnupur, in the emotion identification task, children found identifying the emotion ‘happy’ the most difficult among 4 primary emotions .

  • Published in News
  • 0

Of our Responsibility and our Rights

Like the proverbial aim of the hunter, the focus of our society at present has been drawn to the issues regarding the Bills and its subsequent fallout, so much so that we seemed to have obliterated other equally pressing matters, if not greater.
The vagaries of nature that played havoc to crops in the state is bound to adversely affect the supply of foodgrains, and with the approaching winter, things are bound to get more difficult. The disturbances and disruptions in transportation, over and above the human-induced ones have made matters worse. Even with the two national highways becoming functional now, we still cannot say with certainty that things are back to normal, essential commodities beings almost as difficult to procure or just as expensive even now. There is also the very real danger of out breaks of various diseases due to the increase pollution level and climate change. Road connectivity in lot of places other than the two main lifelines of the state still needs to be improved fully, and even the ones which are still functioning are just so.
Fighting for a cause one believes is all very well, and demanding understanding and attention from those who are at the helm of affairs of the state is a prerogative for a citizen. But fighting for one’s rights without discharging our responsibilities is nothing short of demanding a signed blank cheque. We have become so ingrained with the idea and experience of existing on subsidies, handouts and quotas. No
one can present us a better life on a platter, and even in the unlikeliest event of such a thing coming true, we will not be able to fully utilize the present. We need to earn our keeps, and for that to
happen, we need to radically alter our present mindset from which a lot of the present tussles are generated.
Our state still has a lot to offer for those who seek to better themselves. Life very rarely turns
out to be the way we envisaged, but that is not an excuse to rebel or revolt. Only a mindset that can accept, understand and persevere can, and will overcome every difficulty life can throw at it. Manipur, as a state has potentials waiting to be tapped. If we can grow out of the narrow visions of caste, customs, culture or class, we can still turn this unique place into the paradise we have so often been told of. But time is running out- and fast. For all the prep talk by the government and the leaders, what is actually needed is the implementation of the lofty ideas and generous promises. The need of the hour is a leader who leads the way rather than one who shows the way. And we should be able to follow when such a leader emerges. That is our responsibility. That is our right.

PPFA appeals to every patriot to honour the Tri-colour

IT News
Guwahati, Jan 17

As Bharat (also known as Hindustan, India) is approaching  its 71st Republic Day on 26 January, the Patriotic People’s Front Assam (PPFA) has repeated its appeal to the people of northeast India  to pay tributes to countless martyrs of the freedom struggle hoisting the national flag in every nook and corner of the region.
The forum of nationalists, based in Assam, commented in a statement that as many people in the region are presently agitating to keep values of the Constitution of India intact and some are also demanding various benefits mentioned in different clauses of the Constitution  they would definitely come forward paying respect to the Tri-colour.
Bharat (as well as Pakistan and Sri Lanka) achieved independence from the British colonial forces in 1947 and adopted its Constitution on 26 January 1950. Since then it has been observed as R-Day every year, where all known and unknown martyrs of the freedom movement are remembered hoisting and saluting the national flag in private and public places.
“Prior to our independence, millions of freedom fighters symbolically set 26 January as our Independence Day and continued the movement. It is the moral responsibility of every Indian national to pay homage to those martyrs on both the R-Day and I-Day by hoisting the national flag as it symbolizes the suffering and sacrifices of those freedom fighters,” said a PPFA statement.

Indigenous People’s Movement must also defend the environment

The wealth of the indigenous people is not just the land but also the things that grows on it, lives on it, rest and dwells below it. Therefore, it is imperative that when we struggle to save the indigenous people we must also include our environment, our plants and animals, in the discourse. Indigenous people’s movement must include the conservation of our surroundings. We should not just remember the relationship between various indigenous communities but also these communities have with their environment.  
The destruction of the environment by local people as they need more space and more income have affected the environment. However, a place like Manipur in anyway cannot contribute much to the destruction of the environment at the global level. The blame should squarely be handed over to multinational companies who destroy the environment globally. Manipur cannot escape from the wind of destruction that is sweeping across the world. We can wait for them to come here and destroy the environment. We should be very careful in allowing things in the name of development that affect our environment. Anyway, whose development we are talking about. Can the destruction of the environment go hand in hand with the development of the indigenous people ?
The indigenous people and their environment are intertwined. Can indigenous culture be disassociated with the environment in which it grew up ? These questions must make us see the relationship between the two. The two must go hand in hand. Our forests are now being destroyed, hills that dot the valley are losing their green coverings fast. Illegal mining is rampant. Our indigenous animals, including the indigenous dog, Awang Huijao or Haofa, is now endangered. Shrinking of paddy land, destruction of wetland and forest must be addressed properly. Many of our indigenous plants and animals are now endangered. Even our indigenous domestic animal, Haofa, popularly known as Tangkhul Hui, is now endangered. Our rivers are severely affected, wetlands are shrinking, flooding is becoming a major issue which destroy the livelihoods of many.  Will the indigenous people recognise their environment after some decades ? How are we to call ourselves indigenous if our forest, hills, pants and animals are gone ? We will be indigenous people living in concrete jungles, mine quarries and barren land.
The responsibility should not be just for the government. It is also the people who are responsible for it. It is our responsibility to defend and safeguard our environment. We cannot wait till a different reality knocks on our door and we find ourselves lost in a new world where we do not recognize our surroundings.