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Manipur (Kangleipak) and India’s Freedom Struggle: Two lines with not coinciding point –(1)

IT News
Imphal, April 22,

Conglomerate of rebel group CorCom pay tribute to the martyrs who had laid down their lives fighting the British at different Warfield for the safeguarding the sovereignty of the erstwhile Kingdom with the coming of the Khongjom Day (April 23, 1891).
A statement by Leibakngakpa Luwang , Media Co-ordinator, CorCom said that the courage of the ancestor during the 1891 Anglo Manipuri war is once more reminded with the coming of the Khonjom Day. It said that the courage of the martyrs of the region who had fought the British empire to protect the sovereignty of the nation is a pride of the region and the brave heart of those days is once bring to our mind with the coming of the Khongjom Day.
The statement further said that the British got the full opportunity to directly interfere the internal affairs of the Manipur (Kangleipak) after an uproar occurred in the palace over the throne of Manipur in September 1891. That time the British India Empire had already occupied at almost all region after a change in the geo political scenario of the Kingdom since 1885. The interference of the British to the internal affairs of the Kingdom is the result for the killing of the British officers including Chief Commissioner of Assam J. W. Quinton and British Political Agent C. Grimwood in March 25, 1891. Following that Anglo- Manipuri (Kangleipak ) war occurred in 1891 and the Manipuri ( Kangleicha) were defeated and became a colony of British.

What is needed to be discussed is the political status of Manipur (Kangleipak) before 1891. The Indo- Manipur war may not lasted long but was the talk across the globe and has been discussed in both the houses of British Parliament.
The root of the Anglo Manipuri (Kangleicha) war is the interference of the then British India to the internal matter f Kangleipak. The sovereign status of the Kangleipak is well define by the then international relationship with the British and the British India .
In 1762 Manipur established Treaty of Alliance with the Britih on Army and trade. Manipur has been recognized as a sovereign independent nation by British India and Burma after they signed the treaty of Yandaboo. Both the British and Burma assured not to disturb the territorial integrity and political independence of the Manipur Nation as according to the treaty of Yandaboo. Pemberton report of 1835 submitted to the British authority in 1835 introduced Manipur (Kangleipak) as a Sovereign state in Asia situated between Assam and Burma.
Manipur (Kangleipak) had also been recognized as a Asiatic Sovereign Power  in Keifa Singh case of 1762 and Sajowpa case of Calcutta High Court . R. brown in his speech on the Statistical Account of Manipur of 1873 also stated that Manipur (Kangleipak) is a sovereign Independent Nation in 1873. Before the Anglo Manipur (Kangleipak) War, Memorandum of Argument submitted on behalf od Kullachandra Singh . Regent (King) of Manipur (Kangleipak) and Tikendrajit Senapati (Commander –in-chief) submitted to British India in July 27, 1891 , Manipur(Kangleipak) had been introduced as a sovereign Independent nation. When British Parliament passed the India Independence Act in August 1947, Section 7 (1) (b) said that India and Manipur should be recognized in equal juridical plane.  Thus British created a new nation called India and sovereignty of the Manipur (kangleipak) nation had been restored. In August 14, 1947 Manipur became independent.
The erstwhile Nation of Manipur has in any way related with the newly formed India those days. However the signing of Stand Still agreement in August 11, 1947 which was followed by the Instrument of Accession  and the controversial signing of the Merger Agreement in September 21, 1949 are confusing the people by establishing make up stories of Manipur’s relation with the newly form country call India. However, those signed agreement were in no way valid as per the International law.  

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Nicotine Patch By- Lamea Tanjin Tanha

7thAprill, 1921; Dhaka Bangladesh. It’s 2:20 at mid night. Her favorite Tagore song is playing on the sound box:
“All my lamps of sorrows I offer and light as day ends, my worship of sorrows is yet to end”.
She’s dipping a size 12 Raphael Kolinsky series 8404 color brush into a pot full of black-but-still-not-black-rather-a-bit-red color. It’s her 8th portrait with blood of her 8th victim.
She believes in “One man, one portrait” theory. And the process of her killing a person is quite clean. Firstly, she makes the victim senseless with Flothen. Then she takes a very big syringe, one of those that is used for cows and penetrates the needle exactly in the synovial node of the heart. That’s how she drags the blood. Syringe by syringe, Corpuscle by corpuscle. After collecting 2/3 liter of blood, she takes a syringe full of Potassium-floro-oxide serum and pushes it into the same node. The serum helps to clot the blood of the cardiac veins within 2 minutes and the heart stops beating.  Quite a creative way to murder and very easy for a medical student like her. The cops still couldn’t find it out and the dumb forensic declare it as a massive heart attack. Vacuous people:
Yes, she is a serial killer, except the fact that she denies the title. Rather she claims herself as an extraordinary-artist. Ancient people used to sacrifice lives for the sake of God’s satisfaction. Now she’s satisfying the thirst of white canvas, her type of God. What’s wrong with that? She still remembers her first prey and the warmth of his blood, the scent of rawness. Everytime she puts a stroke on the canvas, it feels so soothing. It tranquilizes her mind and nourishes her mental stability. The color lures her so much; that discrete shade of red, the one that runs through your veins from the atrium to ventricle. It’s an orgasmic feeling that none of her boyfriend could give. Oh, and she has killed most of them.

It’s 3:04 at midnight and she got an urge to finish the painting. The exhibition is within 2 days. She has to spray Formaldehyde and put some perfume on the painting so that it won’t emit any uncomfortable smell. The manager of Dhaka Gallery is much more excited than her. He was telling the other day, ‘trust me Sabrina, we are going to get more hits this time! Doing the whole artwork with just one color in such allured way- tell me, how do you do that?’ ‘By sacrificing’, said Sabrina presenting him with a delicate smile.
It was her mother who taught her the perfect using of light and shadows on canvas. She was also an artist. She liked to work with bright colors unlike red-obsessed Sabrina. Sabrina used to finish the red from the color box so fast and the other colors remained untouched. She knew all the shades of red and each of them bore different meaning to her. She was so disgusted acknowledging her classmates’ knowledge about color. “No, Ariba. You are not supposed to use the same color for the sun and the apple. Use Crimson, Tangerine, Apricot for the sun and Maroon, Scarlet, Garnet for the apple. And NO.
All of them aren’t ‘just-red’”- she tried to teach some of them. That’s what made Sabrina’s mother so disappointed thinking that her daughter can never be a good artist. Knowing all about just one color is not so righteous. But Sabrina knew she’s going to be a greater artist than her mother. Only she needed was the perfect shade of red. Searching for it was driving her crazy. She searched it in the sky of dawn and in the petals of spring roses which didn’t work; until that day…
It was a winter afternoon and Sabrina and her parents were in a motel in Sylhet for their vacation. She was in her couch playing with her toys. Suddenly some people wearing some weird looking mask came and dragged the 9 years old Sabrina in the rooftop. She could see her parents all tied up there. Her mother was weeping and begging them, ‘Please not her. She’s just a little girl. Please not my child. Please…’ Maybe the tears of her mother could melt the heart of those armed people a bit. They didn’t hurt Sabrina. They did worse. Sabrina can still see vividly the vapor coming from the tides of blood from the veins of her parent’s throat. There was a small pool nearby and the dead bodies were thrown there. 12 liters of blood mixing with the pool water created quite a scene. And that’s when Sabrina found out the thing, that her heart was searching for so long- the perfect shades of red…

Lamea Tanjin Tanha is a student of Dhaka University, Bangladesh. Find her on twitter: @tanjin_tanha


IMA demands permanent posting for MBBS graduates, condemns mid-level practitioners 

From a Correspondent
New Delhi, April 21,

 Condemning the idea of bridge courses and mid-level practitioners, IMA demands an answer from the Indian Government for not generating enough posting in the wellness centres for Undergraduate medical professionals.
Dr. Santanu Sen, National President of IMA declared that there is no shortage of doctors in the country. 63,250 MBBS graduates come out of 494 medical colleges of India. India has only 23,729 post graduate seats. The fact remains that the Government does not have the capacity to absorb rest of them. Every year the unemployment amongst young medical graduates is a cause for great concern. The frustration of these youngsters with a decent undergraduate degree in medicine has to be addressed. “The Government has to answer the question why the large number of MBBS graduates who are not absorbed into Post Graduate courses every year are not given employment by the Government. Non creation of new posts, new PHCs and CHCs due to budget constraints is the sole reason. Stagnating 1.1% of GDP as expenditure on Health by successive Governments is the sole reason for the miserable status of Health Care delivery in the country. IMA can play a crucial role in facilitating young medical graduates to the 1,50,000 wellness centres. If, on the other hand the Government insists on a half baked system converting Dentists, Nurses, Pharmacists, Optometrists Physiotherapists and Ayush practitioners into mid-level medical practitioners, IMA is left with no choice but to resist such a misadventure with all its efforts.” Said Dr Santanu Sen, National President, IMA.
Every allied profession to medicine have an unique identity and serves a specific purpose. Dentists, Nurses, Optometrists and Pharmacists have a role and should contribute their services in the respective fields. Every Government falling for this myth only exposes the shallow thought process and utter disregard for human life. In a statement to press IMA condemned the idea of bridge courses and mid-level practitioners.
“The Government’s attempt to provide half baked medical care to the citizens through mid-level practitioners is highly dangerous. The Government should give permanent postings to MBBS Graduates in the 1,50,000 wellness centres. An Adhoc posting are unacceptable and is nothing but cruel exploitation of these hapless young graduates. To baptise them as mid-level medical practitioners through a six months bridge course is being indifferent to the needs of patient safety and patient care.” said Dr. R.V. Asokan, Honorary Secretary General of IMA.
“The Bhore committee eliminated mid-level medical practitioners and identified MBBS as the basic level of competence to practice medicine during a much more resource constrained times in 1946. There would be a nationwide agitation if the idea of mid-level practitioners and bridge course are implemented. We would like to emphasize that fragmented approach to Health Care should be eschewed and social determinants of Health should be addressed.” Said Dr. A. Marthanda Pillai, Chairman of IMA Action Committee..

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By- Dr Nunglekpam Premi Devi
Independent Scholar

Afraid! ’m afraid of false, speeding too fast;
Wide and louder; incorrect and untrue;
Engaging everyone’s ear and untruth stories;
Spreading wildly and vividly; picturing and coloring;
I doubt that we all do, simply fascinating one or the other;
‘Faster’ it goes word to word when it’s not true;
‘Alive’ much when it’s not originated, worried and panic;
Bomb! Bomb! We’ll run and we’ll shouts,
‘Here and there’ at the ‘khwai keithel’ at ‘lamlong keithel’
All alive and all fear believes: hurried and alarming;
Frightening and nervously; overacting and scaring;
Agitating and fearing; words all grow ‘gossiping’;
It’s a false play: murmuring and talking;
Oh! My hearts faster and I did run hustled.

Teach me a good lesson, if you could;
I wonder ‘how’ and ‘why’, you keep on engaging;
‘She’s fat’, ‘she’s round’, ‘she’s big’
Truth! I never ever knew how correct you tell;
Faster the better ‘you’ prompt ear by ear;
Tales after tales; dirt by dirt, chatting and talking;
Tea after Tea: “kwa after kwa’, chewing and chewing;
‘Spitting and munching’, eating and drinking; Ah! Interesting reacting, ruling’s not bad;
‘Government and politics’; ‘candidates and parties’;
Subjects by Topics, themes and issues;
Matter and points, questions and arguments;
Discussion and key notes, concern and concepts;
Never the easy debate; never the soft conversation;
I fear you ‘gossip’, Can’t judge any analysis.

Make us safer; make us proud, all hail;
All Tiny ‘words’ make a ruler; all a mirage;
‘Vote you, vote you not’, ‘vote him, vote him not’;
Opposing and comforting; contesting and challenging’
All’s rupee, all’s dirty hands; pockets and guns;
Shawls and blankets; feasting and drugging;
Questions and supporting; accepting and campaign;
She’s too bold and she’s too illiterate;
Arguing and denying; she’s all corrupting;
Wow! I say promises are dishonesty;
Fraud and misconduct; criminal and bribery;
Lies and gossips, I agree upon you falsifications;
I laugh upon thee; and I hearsay reports and rumor;
 Circulating and publicizing; announcing and describing;
Criticizing and broadcasting; accusing and defending;
She’s drunk, she’s lazy; she’s tom and she’s solicit;
Gossip and whisper, Oh! Your gossip ruins ‘me’.

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