Bramhacharimayum Sadananda Sharma

Bramhacharimayum Sadananda Sharma

Bramhacharimayum Sadananda Sharma is a regular article contributor of articles in Imphal Times. Sadananda has published a research paper on “development on real-time health smartwatch ”on IEEE conference.
Sadananda can be contacted at [email protected]

By: Bramhacharimayum Sadananda Sharma

Amidst Covid-19 Pandemic majority of the families are facing many significant issues not only financial problem as a result of the current situation prevailing in our state. Some people experience multiple losses during this disaster or large-scale health emergency. Because of the COVID-19 pandemic, most people are unable to be with loved one when they die, or unable to mourn someone’s death in a person with friends and family. Some losses jobs become unemployed; some are unable to earn money,loss or reduction in health support services, unable to get proper health care, on one hand, the tension of inadequate vaccines; on the other hand contagious deadly virus spreading and claiming more lives than ever and such sudden changes in one’s life will be hard for everyone to adjust. The sound of grief and loss echoes Manipur.
Hearing news of the state government's latest and revised SOPs, curfew, movement restriction and strict order to stay at home to cope spread of virus gave most of the families a nightmare. Just because some people resist capturing or reflecting signs of poverty doesn’t mean everything is going well. There are huge setbacks inside our society in terms of financial, health infrastructures, social-economic status (SES) and at the time of the pandemic, the situation is quite unimaginable. The expanding gap between rich and poor is not only widening the gulf in incomes and wealth in our state. It is helping the rich and well-connected people lead longer lives while cutting short the lives of those who are struggling. There is a wall slowly building between rich and poor, and it is aware by most of us during this hard time. This might be hard to say “We didn’t notice the change”.
Of course, a lot of government welfare schemes, incentives are being provided for the welfare of the public during this pandemic. But, the question is all these government schemes really mitigate the problem faced by the needy families in this present context. The problem is very real, countless families in our state sleep with one single meal. Earlier they had to work even after taking sleeping pills because they need to work to fill their stomach, now imagine their condition. And the fact that our state has less beggar doesn’t mean our State is excellent in managing underprivileged communities compare to other states.
A scheme or programme without any systemic planning is just like pouring water outside the cup where resources are spent without its effectiveness. One thing is clear that many self-serving people and agents inside our society which acts as a middle man making a huge profit out of all these welfare schemes and policy. And common people being bargain by shutting their voices with some mere supplies even during the hard time of pandemic.
Various schemes and policies launched by our government don’t reach targeted people due to lack of awareness and information about the schemes and policies. Yes, it will be wrong not to mention and applaud the role of various print and electronic media providing such essential information about those various schemes and subsidized foods. But the reality lies when that person who has to work from morning till night and they have no additional time to focus on such ideas and standing a long queue. Even, if they want to apply for such schemes, all those lengthy process, and procedure which create another wall of problem for them.
Any State with high rate of conflicts, crime, violence, confusion, will surely go backward in terms of uplifting underprivileged peoples. All these issues become our breakfast and dinner. Everyone is busy analysing and putting effort to fill their belly with such issues. Of course, a lot of problem also needs to be prioritized first, but the whole idea is that in-between this problem and getting solved, we are missing the voices of many underprivileged people. For their side, there will be no agitation or movement to protestor address to the government and concern department because in crucial hours they need a dedicated organization to address their issues and grievances in a proper channel. Few Civil Society Organisations and NGOs stand and work for them but our government should also focus and address their issues for long time measures. A society becomes paralysed when all capable persons put their hands in their pocket.
Honestly speaking, maybe our underprivileged communities or families might slowly give up the idea, believes, and hope in our own government policies and welfare schemes in days to come if the present trend continues. Life is an easy road for some but hard a race for most of the people and the hope of survivability is what gives us the courage to fight for tomorrow. They will continue to fight just for survival nor less or more. Hope our present society’s capable, powerful, willingness to act and serve people help sincerely in solving some of their problems especially during this hard time of the pandemic.

Thursday, 04 February 2021 17:48

Is Compulsive Shopping a Mental Disorder?

Did you know that on average 10 to 15 percent of the population may be inclined to these feelings of Compulsive buying disorder (CBD) which is characterized by excessive shopping cognitions and buying behavior that leads to distress or destruction of their own financial status? Some people develop shopping addictions because they essentially get addicted to how their brain feels while shopping. As they shop, their brain releases endorphins and dopamine, and over time, these feelings become addictive according to Ruth Engs from Indiana University.
In general, CBD is a private pleasure which could lead to embarrassment if someone not similarly interested in shopping accompanied them. Shopping may occur in just about any venue, ranging from high fashion department stores to simple Store. Income has relatively little to do with the existence of CBD. Persons with a low or zero income can still be fully lost into the thought of shopping and spending.
According to Researchers CBD reports obsession with shopping, pre-purchase tension or anxiety, and a sense of relief following the purchase. CBD is mostly associated with significant psychiatric co-morbidity, particularly mood and anxiety disorders, substance use disorders, eating disorders, and other disorders of impulse control.
Just to simulate a clear vision there was a time when we get excited even in small activities like watching our favourite television shows, eating an ice cream, getting a toy the excitement, happiness and satisfaction is incomparable. Whether you call it a childhood memory or past memory that is another topic. But with age and time changes hit everyone’s life whether we like it or not.
Everyday new product is being launched whether a mobile phone, laptop, cars, cloths etc, and we as a consumer keeps waiting for the launching date.
We are running behind products like a zombie, buying new stuffs which gives a self satisfaction and that feeling of satisfaction can be quite addictive.
With the advancement in Internet and connectivity in our society, buying and selling things through online mode has brought a bigger change in our today’s society. Multiple applications, websites, and small scale social media seller emerged like mushroom. The temptation and urge to buy unnecessary items and things is kicking the youths of today’s generations.
The War of marketing between different sellers leads to the introduction of different schemes, offers, EMI policy which provide customer an opportunity to buy their products from them. Yet, all these opportunity gives many youths and students to fall into their traps of misery and pain afterwards.
Most people staying outside the states, studying or working are mostly the victims of CBD, they are affected mostly due to compulsive buying, and the burden falls upon the parents, some of the parents hard earned money are being wasted in matter of a click of order button. Parents used to send money for education instead some of them invested in shopping unnecessary products. With the introduction of using only branded product culture among youths, many youths goes for branded items without even considering about their parent’s financial status. This often creates a situation of insincere and swindling between parents and students about money even leading to big misunderstanding.
Some students’ parents may be able to afford high cost and investment for their children while some may not. The difference created by such activities gave rise to formation friends’ circle where one with wealthy families and one with middle class and slowly the idea of money power is being fitted in our youth’s minds.
With all these extra expenditures and spending huge money in terms of shopping unnecessary products, the reality of staying abroad for higher education’s is getting more of a luxury life style. After all majority of parents wants to give their children a better lifestyle than others. While doing so it may also bring an alternate parallel changes in our society leading to a race of luxury lifestyle. It is high time to access all these kind of extra expenditures made by our youths before too late.
Some of the persons with CBD are preoccupied with shopping and spending, and devote significant time to these behaviors. While it might be argued that a person could be a compulsive shopper and not spend, and confine his or her interest to window shopping, this pattern is uncommon. According to some researchers personal observation is believe that the two aspects - shopping and spending - are intertwined. Persons with CBD often describe an increasing level of urge or anxiety that can only lead to a sense of completion when a purchase is made.
According to many clinical symptoms it has been able to identify four distinct phases of CBD: 1) anticipation; 2) preparation; 3) shopping; and 4) spending. In the first phase, the person with CBD develops thoughts, urges, or preoccupations with either having a specific item, or with the act of shopping. In the second phase, the person prepares for shopping and spending. This can include decisions on when and where to go, on how to dress, and even which credit/debit cards to use. Considerable research may have taken place about sale items, new fashions, or new shops. The third phase involves the actual shopping experience, which many individuals with CBD describe as intensely exciting. Finally, the act is completed with a purchase.
Some of the Individuals with CBD mostly tend to shop by themselves. Like all addicts, shopping addicts may try to hide their addiction, and if a loved one is addicted to shopping, they may try to hide it from us. If they hide credit card bills, shopping bags or receipts, you may be a shopaholic. In some cases, shopaholics may try to hide their addiction by lying about just one element of it. For instance, a person may admit they went shopping, but they may lie about how much they spent. In some countries the CBD is a very big reality and impacted more than 20 to 30% of the population and such situation are treated with proper behavioral therapy or individual counseling.
Although it’s not officially described in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM), it has been suggested that compulsive shopping disorder, also known as compulsive buying disorder, is either a type of impulse control disorder, a behavioral addiction or possibly even related to obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD).

Thursday, 14 January 2021 17:48

Let’s Embrace Youths Self Esteem

Why most youths in our present society do feels lack of self esteem or low self worth during adolescence? Apart from educating our child with books and pencils, do our parents make any efforts to identify the inner potential sources of such influence on self worth? During a conversation between parents regarding raising a child now a days, they brings out the difficulties in expenses in giving education only, they do never bother to discuss about a child mental health and their relationship with them. A clear ideology of our parents is that education first then job in their hands means they have successfully launched a kid, just like launching a product. Ten out of hundred parents rarely ask,”What is the problem son or daughter, you look different, let me know if there is anything I can do”….this is called a transparent parents; our society is in dire need of such gesture. Often parent–child relationships are associated with adolescent self worth but researchers’ claims whether such associations may be attributable to familial confounding (e.g. genetic relatedness).
Many Researchers of the opinion that Self worth or self esteem has been defined as the level of regard that one has for the self as a person (Baumeister, Campbell, Krueger, & Vohs, 2003; Harter, 1993). High self worth indicates that a person has a positive view of her/himself, and that they believe that they are ‘good enough’. High levels of self worth are positively related to happiness (Baumeister et al., 2003), life satisfaction and well being (Proctor, Linley, & Maltby, 2009). Low self worth is associated with poor mental health, criminal behaviour, poor physical health, health compromising behaviours and poor economic prospects (Donnellan, Trzesniewski, Robins, Moffitt, & Caspi, 2005; McGee & Williams, 2000; Millings, Buck, Montgomery, Spears, & Stallard, 2012; Sowislo & Orth, 2013; Trzesniewski et al., 2006). Compelling evidence that low self worth  prospectively predicts emotional problems comes from a recent meta analysis of 80 longitudinal data sets, collectively spanning childhood to old age, in which it was reported that low self worth predicted future depression and anxiety (Sowislo & Orth, 2013).
Most of us without a doubt do understand the mechanics or chemistry behind being in an adolescence stage. It may be state as a developmental stage of particular importance to self worth and mental health, in that self worth is low for some individuals during this period, and many common emotional and behavioral problems also increase which is quite a common issues during adolescence period. During adolescence period we tends to get most of the exposure of the world both negative and positive qualities. We get influence by peer pressures, imitation of styles, languages spoken, eating habits and even the tendency to indulge in drugs and unwanted substances. However, speaking to such qualities our friends circle and our surrounding atmosphere also plays a major role in this context. Adolescence gives the idea of being independent from our parents guidance, started making decision of our own and what realities lies ahead is out of their vision, which is why a good relation has to be always maintain between a parents and child during this vulnerable stages.
Most of the Researchers working on the large scale Dunedin birth cohort have shown that low adolescent self worth predicts a range of negative outcomes 10 years later in early adulthood, including depression, anxiety, nicotine dependence, criminal convictions and multiple physical health outcomes. This pattern of associations highlights the potential importance that adolescent self worth plays in development. Identifying factors that may have a positive influence on adolescent self worth may prove to be a crucial step in identifying how mental health might best be protected during this period of susceptibility.
Several studies have shown that the parent–child relationship is related to adolescent self worth, with close, affectionate, positive relationships associated with higher levels of self-worth. All these findings suggest that positive relationships within the family may have the capacity to increase adolescent self worth, and thus improve mental health outcomes.
Not to forget our society is facing a huge drug menace and fight to counter drugs in our society is on, War on Drugs/ War against Drugs. A big burning topic in our society, debates on laws, acts, arrests, acquits….etc. But the real question is that who are consuming or using all this drugs, answer will be the pillar of our society, young generation youths of our society. It is also needed to formulate a strict measure to prevent drugs in our society, and law should not spare such creatures which are spreading like cancer day by day. Only the NGOs, CSOs and Government cannot bring a total free drug zone in a society. Families and parents should also need to play an active role and duties. They can educate them properly about drugs and substance abuse. Not only educating but to keep close observation and teaching them to introspect themselves, children should be taught to realize their own decisions and action. Dictating a child will only hampers their intelligence resulting in poor decision making in later stages of their life. After all every child is unique and possess talent, we just need to find out and help them in bringing out those hidden potentials.

Monday, 04 January 2021 17:27

Child Nutrition and Their Future

Most of the parents want their children to be bright, sharp and intelligent wants them to do better than other children. Also now a day’s giving early education is quite a trend and fashion, parents focus on giving education which is a pressure cooker system of Education in our present scenario. A student has to spend most of their time in schools and extra coaching and at home they have to cover up assignment, homework even for upcoming examinations. With this much load and pressure are we giving them enough proper balanced diets, or nutritious food to be able to grow their brain and energy? Researchers believe one of the major causes for malnutrition in India is economic inequality, is it true? What is the link between a mother and child’s undernutrition?

We need to understand the fact that undernutrition puts children at a greater risk of disease vulnerability, also adversely affects their physical, cognitive, and mental development, may adversely impact productivity in later life and increase economic inequality. Even though India is among the fast-growing economy also our country is under the largest anti-malnutrition programme. Still, India has the world’s worst level of child malnutrition. It is said that more than one third of the world’s malnourished children live in India. To be precise half of children under age of 3 are underweight and third of wealthiest children are over-nutrient.
According to Global Nutrition Report (GNP) 2020 in context of Covid-19, the virus does not treat them equally. Undernourished people have weaker immune systems, and may be at greater risk of severe illness due to the virus. At the same time, poor metabolic health, including obesity and diabetes, is strongly linked to worse Covid-19 outcomes, including risk of hospitalisation and death. While most of the Government focusing in containing the virus in turn caused food and nutrition shortages and driven governments to reduce social services, such as school nutrition programmes, that the most marginalised rely upon. In the context of food and nutrition shortages, accessibility and affordability of healthy, sustainably produced food becomes even more challenging.
Improvements in child health are a key indicator of progress towards the third goal of the United Nations’ Sustainable Development Goals. According to Research, most of the poor nutritional outcomes of Indian children are occurring in the context of high economic growth rates, but with low levels of maternal autonomy. An improvement in maternal autonomy is expected to improve a mother’s ability to make decisions regarding her children’s health and nutrition; and a more autonomous mother is also likely to have greater access to resources, may lead to the adoption of healthy and diversified diets, improve the nutritional content of diets, contribute to better food hygiene and sanitation, and thereby reduce the risk of infection and disease. Since undernutrition is the outcome of insufficient food intake and repeated infectious diseases, it is necessary to understand the links between household-level socio-economic factors and the extent to which it manifests into poor nutritional outcomes for children.
As per GNP 2020 in order to tackle injustices in food and health systems and to fix the global nutrition crisis rightly, one of their primary approach focusing on food and health. It is said that we must address inequities in food systems, from production to consumption. Current food systems do not enable people to make healthy food choices. The vast majority of people today simply cannot access or afford a healthy diet. The reasons for this are complex. Existing agriculture systems are largely focused on an overabundance of staple grains like rice, wheat and maize, rather than producing a broader range of more diverse and healthier foods, like fruits, nuts and vegetables. Meanwhile, highly processed foods are available, cheap and intensively marketed; their sales are still high in high-income countries and growing fast in upper-middle- and lower-middle-income countries. Also, we also need to focus on children nutrition inequities in health systems providing quality nutrition care for prevention or treatment in early stages. At the same time, health records and checks are to be optimised to screen, monitor and treat malnutrition, such as through assessments of diet quality and food security.
A well strengthened and dedicated governance, coordination, political commitment and accountability is crucial to address nutrition inequities, as further emphasised by the WHO Commission on the Social Determinants of Health (CSDH): In order to address health inequities, and inequitable conditions of daily living, it is necessary to address inequities – such as those between men and women – in the way society is organized… To achieve that requires more than strengthened government – it requires strengthened governance: legitimacy, space, and support for civil society, for an accountable private sector, and for people across society to agree public interests and reinvest in the value of collective action. Also, many Government policies to avail improved water, foods and sanitation facility to public and female literacy need to be continued. It is also important to provide that all the benefits of both infrastructure and more general economic and health sectors development are to be spread more evenly across districts and locality actively.
When implementing a policy or scheme, government should identify the problem first, then how to fix the problem, later on should decide how much it will impact in a society. The overall performance of the scheme should be deeply analysed. A timely and proper analysis of any programme will enable in smooth running of programme in future too. While money is being spent the government and concern official should focus on reaching every single rupee to targeted families.
A scheme or programme without any target is just like pouring water outside the cup, where resources are spent without its effectiveness. One thing is clear that many self serving people and agents inside our society which acts as a middle man making a huge profit out of all these welfare schemes and policy. And common people being bargain by shutting their voices with some mere supplies. When the voices of common people are being suppressed like this a new form of cancer is being born every day. And to everyone understanding we knew deep inside our mind that all this factors undermines in development process.

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