Vijay Garg

Vijay Garg

Vijay Garg is a regular contributor of Imphal Times, mostly related with Education. Vijay is a resident of Street Kour Chand MHR Malout-152107 Distt Sri Muktsar sahib Punjab. Vijay Garg, Ex.PES-1 is a retired Principal from Government Girls Sen Sec school Mandi Harji Ram Malout -152106 Punjab. He is also the author of Quantitative Aptitude, NTSE , NMMS, Mathematics of XII, ICSE numerical physics and chemistry many more books.

A foreign language can be defined as a language that is indigenous to another country. A foreign language is also a language not spoken in the native country of the person referred to, i.e. a person living in India and speaking Indian languages can say that Chinese is a foreign language for him. These two characterizations do not exhaust the possible definitions, however, and the label is occasionally applied in ways that are variously misleading or factually inaccurate. The definition of the foreign language is vast, and cannot be confined into one single definition.
There are also students who learn more than one language from birth or from a very young age, they are bilingual or multilingual. These children can be said to have two, three or more mother tongues and neither language is foreign to that child, even if one language is a foreign language for the vast majority of people in the child’s birth country. For example, a child learning English from her English father and Japanese at school in Japan can speak both English and Japanese, but neither is a foreign language to him. Learning a new language can be a lot of fun and rewarding experience and at the same time, it is also not a very easy job to do. There are a lot of benefits associated with learning new languages.
There is no age for learning a new language and learning a new language at any age can be an enormously rewarding experience in many ways. There are a lot of rewards associated with learning a new language. While language learning is an enriching experience for all ages, children have the most to gain from this wonderful adventure, also learning a new language at a young age is quite easy. Quite simply, starting early offers the widest possible set of benefits and opportunities. Besides having a new learning experience, we also get to know more about the culture of other people when we study their language. We also become aware of other civilizations and every culture has something or other for us to offer, which is beneficial for us.
The Benefits of Learning a Foreign Language
We all go to school with something or other in our minds. Our parents send us to school to learn new things that will help us become a learned personality which would help us in some way or the other. Education never goes wasted, and all that we learned to remain with us for our lifetime and we do use that information in some place or the other. In the same way, learning a foreign language also brings in with it a lot of advantages of its own. Learning a new language is not very easy, though learning a foreign language takes time and dedication but still learning involves a lot of fun. Different people have different reasons to learn a new language, some reasons are practical, some inspirational, some intellectual and others sentimental, but whatever your reasons, having a clear idea of why you’re learning a language can help to motivate you in your studies and makes the job a lot easy.
There are a number of reasons why you should learn a foreign language. Some may opt for a new language as a hobby class while for some people it is necessary because of job purpose or business. In our world today, only one-fifth of the population speaks English. So, learning another language is important for both works as well as if you travel to a country like Brazil etc. where about 80% of the population does not speak English. It is also important for making real connections with people, and lastly, it can give you a greater understanding of your own language.
Benefits of Foreign Language in Job
There are a lot of countries that have huge economies and are quite lucrative for seeking jobs but those nations do not speak English, in this case, a candidate with knowledge of their language can easily score a job in that particular country. China, for example, is one of the most populous countries in the world and is continuously growing in importance both economically as well as politically. Since most of the people speak Chinese there; it can be difficult for tourists as well a candidate who wants a job in that country. Learning a language like Chinese would definitely enhance your chances of getting a job, and not just in China. Chinese is a language that is spoken all over the world. Almost every country in the world has a Chinatown, from the United States, to Canada, Australia, London, and much of Europe. Throughout Asia – in Vietnam, Thailand, Cambodia, Singapore, Malaysia, and Indonesia – people speak Chinese.
Benefits of Foreign Languages in Business
If your work involves regular contact with speakers of foreign languages, being able to talk to them in their own languages will help you a lot to communicate with them. It may also help you to make sales and to negotiate and secure contracts though you may have an interpreter to translate your thoughts it gives a much better impact when you explain things yourself. Knowledge of foreign languages may also increase your chances of finding a new job, getting a promotion or a transfer overseas, or of going on foreign business trips. A lot of English-speaking business people don’t bother to learn other languages as they believe that most of the people they do business within foreign countries can speak English, and if they don’t speak English, interpreters can be used. The lack of foreign language knowledge puts the English speakers at a disadvantage. It is also a fact that during any kind of socializing after the meetings, the locals will probably feel more comfortable using their own language rather than English. Hence if you travel a lot for business or work, then learning their language is a must.
Benefits of Foreign Language during Traveling
You may think of travelling outside your country for a vacation. Many English speakers seem to believe that wherever you go on holiday you can manage by speaking English, so there’s no point in learning any other languages. Well, this is not always true; there are a lot of countries in this world where people do not speak English. If people don’t understand you all you have to do is speak slowly and turn up the volume. You can more or less get away with this, as long as you stick to popular tourist resorts and hotels where you can usually find someone who speaks English. However, if you want to venture beyond such places, to get to know the locals, to read signs, menus, etc, knowing the local language is necessary. Sometimes the situation can get really fussy when you do not know the local languages of the country you are travelling to. A lot of countries which are really famous among tourists like Brazil, China, and Spain etc. are the examples of countries where people do not speak English.
Foreign Languages Enhance Confidence
It is also believed that more you learn, more confident you tend to become of your personality. Learning one or more than one language may give you a great sense of self-confidence and you tend to become confident in your abilities. Learning a new language gives your brain a boost. Many scholars, authors, artists, poets, and other people of professions that require an excellent grasp of their own language, study another language as well. This is often because learning another language helps to improve your English as well as gives a boost to your brain which further improves your confidence.
Advantages of Learning at Early Age
It is always believed that the child is the best time to learn anything, and even in the case of learning a new language, it is the same. Starting at young has many advantages. Children understand intuitively that language is something to explore, to play around with and to enjoy. During younger times, there is a lot of enthusiasm for learning new things; their enthusiasm is both infectious and effective. Their brains are really quick and sharp; the quickness with which they pick up their first language is nearly miraculous. There are a lot of other reasons to get started at a younger age. There are a lot of benefits associated with learning another language at a young age.
Learning a foreign language at an early stage gives a great boost to confidence. Children are always discovering new things, but learning a new language can be a uniquely rewarding experience for the student of any age. For children, the feeling of accomplishment that comes with their first steps toward a second language can spur them on to a deeper and broader passion for learning in general. And because children are at a special “window of opportunity” in which language learning is intuitive and natural, the ease and pleasure of the experience may boost their confidence and their desire for new discoveries. Some other benefits of learning a foreign language at a young age are:
Gives Brains a Boost: Learning a new language opens the horizons of your brain and acts as a gateway for the healthy brain. The mind is much more like a muscle than we’ve ever realized. Our mind needs to get cognitive exercise and it is not like a piece of clay on which you put an indelible mark. Research into the effects of bilingualism on children suggests that exposure to more than one language is an excellent way of flexing those brain muscles and building them up, too. Bilingual children in one study reported in Nature showed a significantly larger density of grey matter in their brains which is a very good sign. And those who had been exposed to a second language from an early age proved to have the most grey matter of all. Grey matter is an important part of the human brain that is responsible for processing information, including memory, speech, and sensory perception. And if it can be increased by exposure to a second language, then language learning would be just like taking your brain to the gym.
Greater Opportunities at College: Competition these days is increasing day by day. Colleges now place an increasingly high value on knowledge of more than one language. As the admissions process becomes more competitive across the board, knowing a second or a third language adds a new dimension to an applicant’s resume. And as the economy becomes more and more globalized, English-only becomes less and less of an option. Knowledge of a third language can also help you get an on-campus placement and this quality will always make you shine bright always different from the rest of the crowd.
Learning new things has always attracted humans. Curiosity is the human’s biggest quest. While some people learn a different language because of a practical need, many others learn a language because of interest or because they want a challenge or just out of a hobby. Every language is unique in itself, some languages can be extremely hard to learn, but once they are learned they benefit you greatly. Language is what makes us human. It is how we share our thoughts with the world. It is really difficult to imagine a world without language, without it there would be no way to communicate and express ourselves. The more languages you know, the more ways you have to communicate and express yourself. This is why learning many languages should be important, and why one language simply won’t do.


In India, both the heat and the inflation rate are increasing, with the worst effect on the poor and middle class.  In contrast, the rich don’t mind because their houses are air conditioned and have money in their pockets.  According to the data of the Ministry of Statistics and Program Implementation, Government of India, there has been an unprecedented increase in the consumer price index based retail inflation since the year 2014 to 7.79 percent in the month of April.  Similarly, according to the Meteorological Department, India’s monthly and daily highest temperatures rose to 31.35 and 35.30 degrees centigrade respectively last month.  This is a double and horrific hit on the poor, which will further weaken them.  Maybe nature may still have mercy and give some relief to the poor from the havoc of the heat through the south-west monsoon, but it seems that for the last few years, the prices of common goods and inflation for the 500 million poor sections of India are rising.  It has become a new trend everyday.
According to the Oxford Poverty and Human Development Initiative (OPHI) and the United Nations Development Program’s Multi-Dimensional Index-2021, about 22.5 percent of the people in India are extremely poor and live on less than $2 a day and need some way of sustaining their existence.  are striving.  Further, the reality is that multidimensional poverty is more prevalent in their health, education and livelihood than this income based poverty shown in the data.  Over the years, due to the COVID-19 pandemic, unemployment and high inflation, a large number of Indians have fallen into the net of absolute poverty.  Retail and wholesale inflation, measured on the basis of the Consumer Price Index, has risen steadily over the past few months.  This year, the consumer price index reached 7.79 percent in January (6.01), in February (6.07), in March (6.95) and in April.  At the same time, according to sources in the Ministry of Commerce and Industry, the Wholesale Price Index, which was 13.68 percent in January, rose to 14.5 percent in March.  Although the Russo-Ukraine war has fueled global inflation for some time now, India’s pre-existing inflation driven by rising fuel and food prices and government efforts to stabilize prices has been in vain.
India’s rural poor are the worst hit by inflation as the consumer food price in rural areas, which was 3.94 per cent in March 2021, has gone up to 7.66 per cent in April 2022.  If we talk about food items in the Consumer Price Index, the increase in the price of edible oil and ghee was 24.7 percent, fuel oil, light transport and communication sector grew by 11 percent.  Although the price of crude oil rose to $110 a barrel in the international market, but due to the taxation of 55 percent on petrol and 50 percent on diesel by the central and state governments on the fuel in India, the domestic prices are very high.  The main reason behind higher cost of production and selling price of the commodity is high food and fuel inflation rate, which further leads to increase in wholesale inflation.
The core inflation rate, which does not include the daily fluctuations in the price of food and fuel, has crossed the official limit and monetary policies may fail to deliver quick results in these situations.  Further, monetary policies by themselves are not a guarantee to contain retail inflation unless the government reduces the prices of everyday commodities by cutting its share in fuel tax on the one hand and bringing down the price of food items through imports on the other.  In fact, monetary policy can only be successful in bringing down the wholesale price index if economic activity does not result in a reduction in retail inflation.  The hike in the repo rate from 4 per cent to 4.4 per cent by the Reserve Bank, instead of reducing the retail price, will result in a reduction in economic activity as a result of increase in the interest rate of loans taken from banks.  An increase in the repo rate will slow down India’s economic growth.
World Bank President David Malpass, in his speech titled ‘Challenge to Progress, Security and Sustainability’, said: ‘Inflation continues to rise, reducing the real income of households around the world, especially the poor.  Every one percent increase in food prices pushes a further 10 million people into extreme poverty.  The rich can bear the sudden price hike in food items but the poor cannot.  This is expected to increase malnutrition and its irreparable damage will be most likely to the health of children.
India’s nearly 500 million people are poor from socially and economically weaker sections in rural areas and living in urban slums, rising inflation rate will further drive them into extreme poverty.  Declining wages, the COVID-19 pandemic, high rural unemployment rates, income inequality and high food inflation will have far-reaching adverse effects on poverty alleviation efforts in India.  The poor, who are still in the process of recovering from the devastating impact of COVID-19, will be further adversely impacted by inflation.  The average price of diesel and petrol has increased by Rs 53 and Rs 66 respectively in the year 2015 to Rs 96 and 110 respectively in May 2022, while the price of domestic gas cylinder is Rs 600 to Rs 1000, the rate of edible oil is Rs 125.  200, then 50 percent increase in the prices of pulses, vegetables, fruits, milk, eggs, fish, meat and other commodities has made the livelihood of the common man miserable.  However, according to the Reserve Bank of India report, the average rural laborer’s daily wage during this period has increased from Rs 224 in 2015 to Rs 286 in 2020.
In the seven years between 2015 and 2022, the prices of essential commodities have increased by 50 percent, while the real income rate has increased by only 22 percent.  These figures show that inflation has hit the incomes of the poor and has made life difficult for the poor as food and drink constitute a major part of their total expenditure.  The overall fate of this will be that the income of the poor will decrease and he will also have to take loans to maintain a minimum lifestyle.  According to the NSSO report, in the last few years, people in rural India have had to cut their food expenses drastically.  The impact of rising inflation going forward will continue to affect the health and nutritional quality of children, women and the poor as their daily caloric needs will not be met.  Therefore, sensitive government intervention is necessary to curb food and fuel inflation, increase employment in rural areas, reduce income inequality, help the poor, strengthen public distribution of essential commodities and increase the average daily wage.  These policy measures can significantly reduce the cost of living and the impact of inflation on the poor.

Unlike the last two years, this year most of the job roles from across sectors have considered for a salary hike facebook sharing buttontwitter sharing buttonlinkedin sharing buttonemail sharing buttonprint sharing button. A recent study conducted across various job sectors in the country has revealed that most sectors have recovered from the covid induced slump.
The report titled Jobs and Salary Primer Report for FY’22 was conducted by TeamLease Services India’. The research for the report was conducted across 8 functions, 2,63,000 profiles, 17 industries and 9 cities.
Out of the 17 sectors reviewed 14 have indicated a single digit hike. The median salary increment will be around 8.13%. Ecommerce and Tech Start-ups, Healthcare and Allied Industries, Information Technology and Knowledge Services are the only three sectors who have registered a salary growth greater than 10%.
The report showed that of the sectors analysed 10 have indicated a progression rate of 7-10% and the rest are growing at a rate of 5-7%. Also, unlike the last two years, this year most of the job roles from across sectors have considered for a salary hike, however, the increments will be moderate.
The salary hike for super specialised job roles range between 11% and 12%. The top paying (increments of 12% and above) are Ahmedabad, Bangalore, Chennai, Delhi, Hyderabad, Mumbai and Pune.
The report also found out that 9 out of the 17 sectors created new Hot jobs and 6 sectors created new upcoming jobs this year. These jobs include Field Scientist (Agriculture and Agrochemicals), EV Technical Expert (Automobile & Allied Industries), KYC Analyst among others.
Employers continue to place a premium on super-specialised job roles and the demand for this job category continues to rise. Growth rates in the category have inched up from 11% to 12% this year.
Despite a marginal 4% drop pay differentials between permanent and temporary job profiles (less than 3%) stood steady for nearly 37% of all profiles across all sectors.
BPO & ITeS, E-Commerce & Tech Startups, Educational Services, Information Technology and Knowledge Services are some of the sectors that are likely to benefit on business continuity from WFH.

India has been hit by a double whammy: Climate change impact and spiralling pollution levels. Though the country has made significant strides against household air pollution, most notably through the Pradhan Mantri Ujjwala Yojana programme, it hasn’t been enough to prevent it from the ignominy of having the world’s largest estimated number of air pollution-related deaths. Rising temperatures and untimely rain are linked to climate change, which led to a manifold rise in vector-borne diseases in 2021. With last year recording the number of dengue infections at 1,93,245 and the number of deaths at 306, the figure was the highest since 2018. But that’s not all — the country is likely to witness erratic and excess rainfall in various pockets towards the end of September, which might lead to a surge in dengue infections. Already, States receiving rains have started reporting an increase in vector-borne infections. For its part, the ICMR has attributed the rise in dengue cases to climate crisis, besides rapid urbanisation. Several global scientists and medical journals had earlier warned about the link between global warming and climate change, with the spread of diseases such as dengue and malaria. And it goes downhill: A rise in temperatures of nearly 3.7 degrees Celsius over the next 80 years may lead to the ‘worst case scenario’.
As for the rising pollution levels, more than 6.6 million premature deaths were recorded across the globe due to air pollution in 2019, with India accounting for the highest share of these fatalities at 1.67 million, or 17.8 per cent. Overall, the various types of pollution wiped off nine million people though, if there’s a macabre consolation, it’s that the number has remained unchanged since the last analysis in 2015. Unfortunately, the nine million fatalities correspond to one in six reported deaths worldwide to various reasons. Besides air, water pollution was responsible for 1.36 million premature deaths while lead exposure claimed another nine lakh lives. However, alarm bells should ring as regards the ambient air pollution, which refers to air under the normal circumstances and which was responsible for 4.5 million deaths in 2019. The rising threat from ambient air pollution can be gauged from the fact that it had claimed a relatively lower 4.2 million lives in 2015 and 2.9 million way back in 2000.


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