Vijay Garg

Vijay Garg

Vijay Garg is a regular contributor of Imphal Times, mostly related with Education. Vijay is a resident of Street Kour Chand MHR Malout-152107 Distt Sri Muktsar sahib Punjab. Vijay Garg, Ex.PES-1 is a retired Principal from Government Girls Sen Sec school Mandi Harji Ram Malout -152106 Punjab. He is also the author of Quantitative Aptitude, NTSE , NMMS, Mathematics of XII, ICSE numerical physics and chemistry many more books.

The civil services main examination is not only a test of the knowledge of the candidates. It also tests their ability to write well- structured answers in limited time. Writing ‘good’ i.e. marks fetching answers in the UPSC examination is not something that comes naturally to most candidates. Not even those with a flair for writing. The ability to write good answers is developed by regular practice. An aspirant should aim at developing a personalized style of writing answers while meeting the requirements of the examination.
Many candidates are under the misconception that a good answer is unique and exceptional. In fact, one will be ill-advised to aim to write ‘perfect’ answers or those which ‘stand out’ in the IAS exam. Then, what constitutes a ‘good’ answer? In the UPSC exam; a good answer is one which is relevant, meets the demands of the question, sticks to the word limit and is finished in time.
Some tips for writing good answers in the civil service’s examination are:
Read the question carefully
It is extremely important to first, read the question properly. The candidate may highlight the important words in the question. They should clearly understand the demands of the question. Certain words in the question; like elucidate, critically analyse, enumerate, etc. need to be paid special attention to. They determine the main demand of the question. It is important for the candidate to be aware of their meanings. Careful reading of the question helps the candidate to write an answer which is relevant.
Organize the answer
It is important that one’s answer has a broad, well laid out structure. It makes the answer more presentable and easier to read. The answer may begin with a short introduction. Typically, one may define the key terms in the introduction, quote a recent report or highlight some relevant facts. In the main body, the candidate may give appropriate subheadings for each part of the question. The content may be presented in points form to facilitate an easy read.
The conclusion may sum up the main arguments in the answer. Alternatively, you may end the answer on an optimistic note. If the question deals with certain socio-economic or governance- related issues; one may offer practical solutions in the end. A well- structured answer is easier said than done. Towards this end, one may develop a rough sketch of the answer in 30-50 seconds, before actually penning it down.
Write in limited time
Important challenge candidates face in the UPSC exam - writing short and to-the-point answers in limited time. When a typical candidate begins writing practice, it takes him anywhere between 15 and 25 minutes to answer a 10 marks question. In the UPSC exam, one has to attempt a 250 marks question paper in 180 minutes, leaving one with 7.2 minutes for a 10 marks question.
Increasing one’s writing speed to answer a 10 marks question in 7.2 minutes satisfactorily may seem daunting at first, but is imperative.
Creative presentation
Using creative presentation tools like flow charts and diagrams make the answers more appealing to the examiner. They can also help the candidate save time. It is thus, important to be innovative while using them. However, their optimal use requires familiarity. Thus, their repeated use during answer writing practice helps.
Stick to the word limit
It is important to not only know what to write, but also what not to write. Crossing the word limit will not fetch more marks. Instead, you will lose precious time. It will make it difficult for you to answer the other questions in the paper satisfactorily.
The keywords in the answer may be highlighted by underlining or writing in capital letters. The typically highlighted words include scholars’ names, key facts, government reports and important concepts. This helps the examiner easily identify the important points of your answer.
Regular writing practice
Last but not the least, developing a writing style in sync with the needs of the UPSC examination requires rigorous writing practice. Regular writing practice is one of the most vital and also most neglected aspects of the UPSC preparation.
The candidate may start with writing at a lesser frequency. As he proceeds in preparation, the candidate may increase the number and frequency of questions attempted. Particularly after the preliminary examination, the candidate must attempt several full length practice tests. With practice, the candidate’s answer writing technique will evolve.
Evaluation of answers
Candidates may get their answers checked by an experienced examiner. They may also compare their answers with model answers prepared by teachers and mentors. Alternatively, one can benchmark against the answers written by previous years’ successful candidates. Continuous evaluation of one’s answers by self as well as others is very important. Feedback offered by others should be a source of learning, and lead to improvement. Any shortcomings that are noticed should be rectified in the subsequent answers.
Importantly, most of the successful candidates attempt all the question papers fully, which requires a lot of speed and practice. Each successful candidate eventually develops a unique and individualized writing style. Even a few more marks earned here and there can transform your story of struggle into a success story.

Many of us enjoy the feeling of pen on paper when studying but does it have any advantages to learning? As it turns out, paper doesn’t only just feel good, research shows writing by hand in some ways are superior when it comes to learning, creativity and productivity.
1. Increase your focus
It might feel like a no-brainer to ditch some of your digital devices, along with all their pings, blings and other attention grabbing qualities to make it easier to focus your mind on studying. After all, calm and quiet spaces mean a calm and quiet mind, right?
But did you know that hand writing your notes, rather than typing, can also intrinsically increase your focus while studying?
Research suggests that students who hand write their notes seem to think more intensely about the material as they write it due to increased focus.
So, not only are we able to diminish pesky distractions by switching to hand written notes but also increase our focus on the information we’re supposed to be taking in.
2. Understand and process more information
One thing is being able to concentrate more but research also suggests that we can take this one step further and actually increase our capacity to understand and process information on a deeper level.
One study looking at students learning Algebra found that those taking handwritten notes experienced a higher degree of transfer of information than those typing.
Supporting research suggests that typing notes leads to a more shallow processing of information, almost like your brain is in sleep mode! Whereas handwriting is more efficient at processing information overall.
3. Improve your memory
If we don’t remember the insight, did we even learn anything at all?
Sometimes studying can feel like a memory game more than anything else. So why not give ourselves the best chance at remembering what we need to for that final paper or exam? We found tons of research pointing to an increase in information retention when hand writing notes instead of typing them.
This link means that students are able to perform better through recalling information when needed. Some studies go so far as to question the use of typing in schools and that there should be more pen-to-paper studying to help increase memory and learning.
4. Boost your creativity and inspiration
“Creativity allows people to be affective” — Bill Gates
No matter what subject, creativity and inspiration will certainly fuel your learning (and even enjoyment!) while studying.
Writing by hand actually influences your cognitive processes in a way that slows you down — in a good way — and helps forge creativity and new ideas. One study we found even suggests that writing by hand is more strongly linked to emotion processing compared to typing. This could lead to a more mindful and creative mindframe while studying too!
So, should you completely ditch your laptop while studying?
Well, obviously not. There are lots of things that you would need your computer to get done. The science is still debating either side and some studies do suggest that taking notes on a laptop can help with certain aspects like keeping up with fast paced lectures for example.
What we do know for sure though is that there is a lot to be said for embracing more handwritten note taking time in your study regime and everyone’s learning style is different. Be sure to give it a try this next exam and see if you can feel any of the benefits.

From getting worried about the excessive exposure to digital screens to a world of online classrooms, parents today must think about posture, excessive screen-time, and the inclusion of physical activities to ensure the health and wellness of the next generation.
Children should be seated with their neck and back straight, elbows relaxed, with adequate support.
Students is now perfectly at home with virtual learning. She/he going into class seven, her/him second year of virtual school amid the COVID-19 pandemic. Where last year was spent getting to grips with learning in an online classroom, this year she, her classmates, her teachers, and even her parents are far more at ease learning and interacting off a computer screen.
The first year was all about adapting to a new way of life and learning for parents, teachers, and students across the country amid uncertainties about the effectiveness of virtual learning.
This year, with those concerns laid to rest and with online learning increasingly looking like it, is here to stay amid the still-raging pandemic, the focus is shifting to the ergonomics of the ‘study from home’ classroom mode.
As classrooms moved to the virtual world last year, it soon became apparent that students were logging in sitting on the floor, on the sofa, or even on their beds. Apart from maybe a study table, used primarily in pre-pandemic days for a short duration, post-school studies, or homework, households naturally didn’t have “classroom” infrastructure.
But students are now spending as many as six hours attending classes at home on a laptop – and sometimes on handheld mobile devices with much smaller screens. As a result, 41% of children complained of eye strain issues.
Health experts warn the resultant poor posture, lack of physical activity and prolonged screen time could lead to severe long-term consequences putting children at risk of developing spinal problems and musculoskeletal disorders.
Poor posture is bad for everyone. But it can take an exacting toll on children as their bones aren’t yet properly fused. This puts them at increased risk of incorrect spinal alignment, causing the spine to form an ’S’ or ‘C’ shape in a condition known as Scoliosis, which in turn can lead to slouching or Kyphosis.
As a result, parents must ensure their children are seated correctly, have plenty of breaks, and are engaged in physical activity that keeps them moving from time to time and while homes will never fully mimic classrooms or the school environment, there are plenty of simple ways parents can do this.
To begin with, parents need to explain the 90-90-90 rule to children. The back and the thighs should form a 90-degree angle while sitting; knees should also be at a 90-degree angle, and the feet and the ankle should be at a 90-degree angle as well. Parents should invest in an ergonomic desk, an adjustable chair of the right size, laptop stands that can be adjusted to make sure they are at the right height, a separate keyboard, and a mouse. At the same time, the study area should be properly illuminated to reduce the strain on the children’s eyes.
Children should be seated with their neck and back straight, elbows relaxed, with adequate support. Feet should also firmly rest on the ground or on a footrest to avoid awkward knee and foot postures.
If a child has to sit on a sofa or the floor or the bed, parents should again ensure they adopt the right posture and use a portable table that will ensure their laptop screens are at eye level so they don’t have to look down.
Parents should create a task-appropriate environment that is equally sensory soothing for children. Ensure the room is properly ventilated, lighting is adequate, and non-distracting during learning time. If possible, leave the windows & doors open, and add some indoor plants to their study area for some freshness.
Another key to mitigating any long-term consequences of the virtual classroom is the scheduling of activity breaks. In school, children are active in between classes, or in their lunch breaks, or even simply walking up the stairs to their classrooms at the start of the day. Parents need to make sure their children remain just as active in between lessons. Parents need to carefully include micro-breaks in the children’s routine which do not affect their concentration & school routine and equally ensure adequate physical movement. It can be taking a short walk or motor activities like coloring or physical writing with a pen or pencil so the child doesn’t miss out on developing those muscles or those skills in a digital world.
Equally, after sessions, parents can engage their children in fun physical activities to build or maintain their aerobic fitness. Before the pandemic, children would go out, cycle, play cricket or football, or play playground games with their friends. That’s not possible amid the pandemic, so parents need to be equally creative to get children involved in fun physical activities like animal movements, treasure hunt games where children involve core exercise postures while playing.
Being indoors and forced to live our lives virtually is not ideal for anyone, not least our children. But there are steps we can take to mitigate the consequences of being locked down. They may not replicate the physical and ergonomic features of a full-fledged school environment. But they will go a long way towards ensuring the health and wellbeing of our children.

Role of a Father in the Family
Father figures can play many roles within the family system. Keep in mind that the term father does not solely apply to biological relationships, nor does it only apply to a husband and wife relationship. Same-sex couples, transgender men who are parents, and single fathers can provide just as meaningful parent-child relationships as do families with a husband and wife. There is no one type of family where the child enjoys the healthiest father-child relationship. Father figures:
What Are the Roles of Fathers in Families Today?
Fathers today may be expected to parent and assist with household chores equally with their partners. In a study of married men and women who had just had their first child, results illustrated that a good partnership, as well as an effort to reduce their wife’s stress, led to overall decreased aggravation for both partners, even when their baby was fussy. Within the family, fathers can take on multiple roles which may include:
Why Having a Father Is Important
A father figure can significantly influence the life and wellbeing of their child. In families where the father figure is present, the father serves as one of the first male role models and male relationships the child will encounter. Children are extremely sensitive and observant beings and internalize relational experiences. These early interactions with their father serve as a blueprint for what a relationship with a man looks like and impacts both the father-son relationship, and the father-daughter relationship. This means that unhealthy relationships with a father figure can significantly impact not only the child’s psychological wellbeing, but their unconscious relational choices as they become adults.
If a child has a healthy relationship with their father, they tend to have higher levels of self-esteem, confidence, and more stable relationships with men in general.
If a child has an unhealthy relationship with their father, they may experience more psychological distress and struggle with forming healthy relationships with men as they become adults.
Keep in mind that it is very difficult to alter the internalized relational blueprint that forms when children are quite young. While it is possible, it often takes high levels of insight, as well as significant psychotherapeutic intervention to shift these deep rooted, and often unconscious mental pathways.
Changing Role of the Modern Day Father
It has only been in the past several decades that the idea of the “involved father” has taken shape. Historically, men’s identities were heavily tied to their careers, and that still holds somewhat true today, with about 76% of men reporting that they feel financial pressure to provide for their families. More than ever, men are taking a more active role in parenting, 
63% of men feel they don’t spend enough time with their children.
There is still the notion that more than half of Americans share that women are better caretakers when it comes to child rearing and only 1% cite that men are better caregivers than women. Even though men are more involved when it comes to parenting, there are certainly still some deep rooted biases that Americans view as true regarding men and women when it comes to parenting in a household with a husband, wife, and child.
What Is the Role of Father and Mother in a Family?
Keep in mind that a family with a mother and father is not the only type of family where a father figure can be involved in healthy ways. Fathers and mothers nowadays tend to share the responsibility of child rearing. In terms of specific roles, these will vary greatly depending on each unique family’s needs. However, in healthy families, ideally both parents are flexible and are able to take on the same roles, while supporting each other as parents and partners.
What Is the Responsibility of Father and Mother?
Depending on the family unit, mothers and fathers may trade off in terms of responsibilities, or come up with their own balanced way of splitting the responsibilities. When it comes to parenting, ideally both the mother and father have healthy relationships with their child or children and are equally involved in child rearing.

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