Sanjenbam Jugeshwor Singh

Sanjenbam Jugeshwor Singh

Sanjenbam Jugeshwor Singh is a regular contributor of Imphal Times. Presently, he is teaching Mathematics at JCRE Global College. Jugeshwor can be reached at: [email protected] Or WhatsApp’s No: 9612891339.

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Wednesday, 14 October 2020 18:35

Webinars: A step forward in Digital Revolution

Real- time text chat facilities such as IRC appeared in the late 1980s. Web based chat and instant messaging software appeared in the mid-1990s. The PLATO Computer learning system allowed students to collaborate on net worked computers to accomplish learning tasks as early as the 1960s but the early networking was not accomplished via the World Wide Web(WWW) and PLATO Collaborative goals were not consistent with the presenter-audience dynamic typical of web conferencing system. PLATO –II in 1961 features two users at once. Web conferencing is used as an umbrella term for various types of online conferencing and collaborative services including Webinars, Webcast and Web meeting. With a global Pandemic, Covid-19, taking the World by storm and forcing people to work from home, Webinars have popularity and usage across the globe. In the last decades ( especially in the last few months), webinars have become a staple for educating students and potential customers, lead generation for your business and cultivating large online audiences.
The word “webinar “is a blend of ‘Web’ and ‘Seminars’. A webinar is an event held virtually which is attended exclusively by an online audience. This distinguishes it from a Webcast, which also includes the presence of physical audiences. Other forms used as alternatives for Webinar are Web events, online seminar; webcast, web lecture and virtual event. In fact, short for web-based seminar, a Webinar is a presentation, lecture, workshop or seminar that is transmitted over the web using video conferencing software. Participants follow webinar via a PC, Mac, tablet or smartphone and can see and hear the speaker(s), thanks to audio and video feeds. In addition to the video images, power point slides can be broadcast which run in sync with the rest of the presentation. You can also make use of the screen capture functionality which enables you to show your viewers on application and websites. A webinar is a form of one-to-many communication: a presenter can reach a large and specific group of online viewers from a single location. In fact, short for web-based seminar, webinar is a presentation, lecture, workshop or seminar that is transmitted over the web using video conferencing software. A key feature of webinar is its interactive elements and the ability for a presenter to give, receive and discuss in real time. Using webinar software, participants can share audio, documents and applications with webinar attendees. This is useful when the webinar host is conducting a lecture or information session, while the presenter is speaking, they can share desktop applications and documents. Today many webinar services offer live streaming options or the ability to record your webinar and publish to You-tube and other video service later. There are many free, ad-supported and subscription/ paid webinar software and services to choose from, some of the more common and useful webinar software features include: support for multiple presenters; video file sharing; live chat for attendees; screen share; prerecord video ( or voices) options ;conference options for viewers to listen in live; chat filters to connect attendees and presenters with social accounts; other attendees incentive such as live Q and A tools; polls and feedbacks forms; live capture to save presentation or stream capabilities; calendar scheduling and invites. Business webinar platforms may also offer options to integrate the webinar software with other business apps such as CRM platforms and e-mail marketing tools.
Webinar can be successfully used in all spheres ranging from education to business and corporate training. As an educator, you can reach a wider audience of students as they will not have to spent time and money on travel. Participants can just tune into your webinar from anywhere. You can also avoid cost related to venue rented, food and other expenses, which will allow you to charge less for the event and thus have more attendees. Business, primarily use webinars for training and updating their employees. In today’s fast-paced World, only those who keep up with the industry’s latest trends can succeed. What is more, many companies have employees scattered all over the globe, so it would only be too expensive to bring them all under one roof. In this context, Webinar is the only tool to integrate the employees of the same organization under the same umbrella. Marketing is an area where webinars can bring most benefit. First of all, an online meeting showcasing your product is likely to draw more attentions, as video content generates, on average two times more engagement. Secondly such webinars help you build a long-term personal relationship with your customers. When you explain how the product works, answer questions and follow-up with the survey afterward, you show that you care. Less is more- but that does not hold true for webinars. Defying all the latest communication trend toward everything being shorter and quicker, the average viewing time for webinar is increasing year over year and currently stands at an average of 56 minutes. Webinar market is sharing strong annual growth too. There are several reasons for this, not least because webinars are very effective.
What is necessary for a webinar? For attendees, internet access and an audio headset (headphones, microphone) are vital. For webinar presenters, it is crucial to have a stable internet connection, a webcam, a headset and a webinar hosting system. To hold a webinar, you no longer need to install additional software and special equipment. It is enough to have a computer with an internet connection, audio board, acoustic speakers and a microphone. Practically all modern computers have the required components out of the box. On top of that, you do not have to possess any special technical knowledge. If you can use search engines or watch videos on You-tube, you can hold a webinar. In fact, webinar is a step forward in the Digital revolution.

Saturday, 10 October 2020 17:29

Temporary Corona Market Dethroned by Police

IT News
Imphal, October 10:

The temporary market at Ngaikhong Khunou KOMJAO LAIREMBI ground commonly known as CORONA MARKET in Bishnupur District was dethroned by a team of Bishnupur Police yesterday evening at around 3:30 pm. As per source from a locality, a team of police frequently disturbed the women folks selling local vegetables items at this temporary market as nearby main markets at Bishnupur and Nambol were closed for long time due to COVID pandemic. As reported by a woman named SANATOMBI Devi, who happened to be the Meira Paibi Secretary of Ngaikhong Khunou,police often snatched away the manual weighing machine of the women vegetable seller. But yesterday, a team of police came all of a sudden and scattered the vegetable items damaging vegetables extensively on the pretext that they came with the order of SP, Bishnupur, mentioning that due to this temporary market accident occurred all along the Tiddim Road. However, local womenfolk claim that they started running this temporary market by erecting Katcha thatched structure as consented by the local MLA, Laishram Radhakishwor Singh of Oinam Assembly Constituency. The womenfolk even claimed that police threaten to dismantle the temporary Katcha thatched structures.

Wednesday, 07 October 2020 17:06

Vitamin-C in Flu Prevention

Vitamin-C, also known as ascorbic acid, is necessary for the growth, development and repair of all body tissues. It’s involved in many body functions, including formation of Collagen, absorption of iron, the immune system, wound healing and maintenance of cartilage, bones and teeth. Vitamin-C is one of many antioxidants that can protect against damage caused by harmful molecules called free radicals, as well as toxic chemicals and pollutants like cigarette smoke. Free radicals can build up and contribute to the development of health conditions such as cancer, heart disease and arthritis. Vitamin-C was identified in the early 20th century by Albert SzentGyorgyiin the search for a substance, the deficiency of which would cause scurvy. Scurvy was associated with Pneumonia, which implies that the factor that cured scurvy might also have an effect on Pneumonia. In the 1970s, Nobel Laureate, Linus Pauling popularized the use of high doses of Vitamin-C for the treatment of common cold. The rationale behind this is the fact that animals increase their endogenous production of vitamin-C (around 10gm) when they go through any illness. Since humans have lost the ability to synthesize vitamin-C, we are deprived of this essential nutrient and anti-oxidant. Vitamin-C cannot be stored in the body and requires daily intake to maintain adequate levels. This combined with smoking poor lifestyle, not consuming enough nutritious foods leads to a majority of population being sub-clinically vitamin-C deficient. Many studies in the 1950s and 1960s assessed Vitamin-C deficiency and Pneumonia and found that patients with a low Vitamin-C intake required hospitalization much longer than those who had adequate amounts. For the prevention and treatment of viral respiratory tract infection, it is recommended to take 4-6 gms of Vitamin-C per day. In a clinical study conducted with 500 subjects,4-6 gm of Vitamin-C per day showed an 85% reduction in cold and flu symptoms. To those who think they can get adequate Vitamin-c from citrus fruits, you have to understand that you need to consume as many as 20 oranges to get 1gm of Vitamin-C, which is impossible.
According to a report in Financial Express by Dr. K.Arul,a senior integrative Medicine Consultant, Mirakle Wellness Clinic, Pollachi, Covid-19 is slightly more communicable than the common flu and less communicable than the most highly infectious viruses, like measles. According to him, the flu (influenza) affects over ten lakh people every year and as many as 1000,000 patients die from it. In the same way, Covid-19 caused by the SARS-CoV2 is nothing but a serious flu. The only difference is that proper treatment guidelines have been established for the flu, whereas with Covid-19, being caused by a novel virus, there is still much debate about the proper treatment guidelines. It is also found that the viruses can survive for three hours, floating through the air, transmitted by the tiny respiratory droplets when an infected person exhales, sneezes or cough out. At the end of the day, as with any viral infection, our own immune system has to get rid of it. This fact is exemplified by countries like South-Korea who carried out thousands of tests and found that more than half the people that already gotten the infection and come out of it but never showed any symptoms. The reason being robustness of the immune system which took care of the virus even before the virus could mount an attack. Even in India, many have tested positive but showed no symptoms whatsoever. Only a small percentage of people (around 5% average) with pre-existing co-morbidities which make them immune-compromised progress to severe respiratory distress and require ICU care.
In severe Covid-19 cases, according to Scientists, current understanding is, the diseases may have more to do with a haywire immune response to the virus than anything else. Because the virus can gain a foothold in our lower respiratory system while still wearing that invisibility cloak, it basically beats the immune system and start replicating too rapidly. When the immune system finally does register its presence, it might go into overdrive and send everything in its arsenal to attack, since it has no specific antibodies to fight those strong new invaders. It’s like pouring gas on the fire. This excessive immune activity once the virus gets established in the lungs is what leads to fluid buildup in the alveolar space leading to oxygen deprivation, requiring ventilation. With Covid-19, we know that the main reason for the extensive lungs injury is the excessive free radicals and oxidative stress mounted by the dysfunctional immune system in an effort to kill the virus but end up harming the patient instead. Vitamin-C, a water soluble powerful anti-oxidant, can neutralize these free radicals and reduce oxidative damage to the lungs. When the balance between oxidants and anti-oxidants is lost, that’s when the damage happens and patients progress to serve disease. By administering adequate Vitamin-C, we can increase the anti-oxidant status of our body. Vitamin-C levels in white blood cells (immune Cells) are ten times higher than in plasma, which indicates functional role of the vitamin in these immune cells. Vitamin-C has been shown to affect the functions of phagocytes, production of interferon replication of viruses and malnutrition of T-lymphocytes. Vitamin-C also protects these immune cells from oxidative damage when they try to clear out bacteria, viruses etc.
Hundreds of clinical studies have shown that vitamin-C has a positive impact on many infections caused by bacteria, viruses fungi etc. Vitamin-C at doses of 4-6 gm is absolutely safe and caused no side effects whatsoever. It is especially useful for the elderly and for those with pre-existing conditions to strengthen their immunity. Many hospitals in New-York, China and Shanghai have already begun using intravenous Vitamin-C to treat patients’ with severe Covid-19 infections. Anecdotal evidence from these centers suggests promising results. Let us not wait till the situation develops further. Let us all start taking Vitamin-C from now. It is about strengthening your immunity and preventing a mild flu from becoming a life threatening condition. Basically the idea is to strengthen the immunity of the body to fight the virus than to find remedies for the virus. This search for remedy will take months and we cannot wait for this period. The best option is to fortify the immune system of the body to ward off the infection.

Wednesday, 30 September 2020 18:20

Elections during Pandemic

The Global spread of Covid-19 (the novel coronavirus disease) has potentially impacted on the delivery of public services and routine events that are integral to inclusive societies. Electoral process are one such event. The opportunity for a society to confirm officials in elected offices or remove them within a constitutionally define time framework is a pillar of democratic values and standards. The process doing this is a communal one and communal events intrinsically bring people together-a process that is contrary to the informed advice for limiting the transmission of a virus such as the one that causes Covid-19. Decision must be made to ensure democratic institutions function as they ordinarily would do, during extraordinary times such as the outbreak of global health pandemic.
The spread of communicable diseases such as Covid-19 and the measures to contain the virus imposed by government and state agencies have both constitutional and technical implications for the timing and the administrations of elections. Electoral process held under normal circumstances entail a degree of risk to both voters and poll workers. During extraordinary times, such as response to a new and unfamiliar pandemic, the guidance issued by national public health authorities on the movement of people should inform the decision taken by government and electoral management bodies (EMBs) to either postpone or hold an election. Legislative elections were held during the Ebola epidemic in Liberia in 2014, with some urban areas exempt from participating. Similarly, conflicted-affected countries such as Pakistan in 2018, have not held election in certain regions because of insecurity. In March 2020, Italy, Spain and France restricted citizen’s movement as a result of the Covid-19 pandemic. Local elections in France were held but with a much lower turnout than predicted in previous elections while freedom on constitutional reforms in Italy was indefinitely postponed. . Consideration should also be given to the safe conduct of activities throughout the entire electoral cycle like voter registration, staff recruitment and training, candidate nomination, political campaigning, procurement and electoral dispute resolution. Elections are held at national, subnational and supranational levels. Some elections are constitutionally or politically critical, serving as a mechanism in a sequence of events such as a step in a peace process or a legal reforms process or in securing a national budget. Some election requires a voter turnout threshold to be reached. Amidst Covid-19 pandemic, the Election Commission of India, on 21st August 2020 issued detailed guidelines for conducting State assembly elections like that of Bihar& by polls for some states including two assembly segments( Wangjing Tentha & Lillong) out of 13 vaccant assembly segments in Manipur in October and November during Covid-19 pandemic. For local elections, certain areas of a country may not be a vulnerable to public health threats as other areas, therefore less likely to experience the impact of Covid-19.Campaign rallies, door-to-door canvassing and town halls meetings are also important part of a vibrant and inclusive democracy. Election Commission of India also laid down the guidelines in this regard too. In the guidelines issued special focuses are given on social distancing and access to sanitization measures for voters and polling officials. The norms also includes large public space for election related activities, allowing more online intervention, reducing the numbers of people in the nomination process and stricture campaigning measures.
Restriction placed on free movement will naturally affect an electoral process. But these days, electoral campaign are however increasingly conducted on the internet and through social media platforms. This medium offers an alternative option when electorates and political contestants have their movement restricted or are required to maintain a recommended physical distancing between each other. Revised health and safety guidance need to be incorporated into the administration of an election to protect election staff and voter, but the extent to which it is possible is dependent on the financial resources of EMB and time between the introduction of new health and safety routines and the election. EMBs must identify and assess the feasibility of implementing any new requirements without compromising the integrity or legitimacy of an election. The new guidelines make it compulsory to wear face mask during all election related activities. Thermal scanning, access to sanitizers for all, taking a part of nomination process online, option for depositing security money online, restricting door to door campaigning to five persons, road shows in smaller convoys and abiding by Covid-19 guidelines for holding campaign related public meeting are some of the key features of the norms. For canvassing, EC has directed district authorities to identify dedicated grounds for public meetings and ensure markers for social distancing and breaking convoy after every fifth vehicle in road shows among others. However, Special voting arrangement that allow citizens to cast their votes remotely (i.e. not in person or at a polling station- by post or online through a computer or mobile phone application) which could mitigate health or security hazards presented by voting in persons are not included. The reason of prohibition could be: financial cost may be prohibitive, implementation timeframe may be insufficient for adequate preparation, procurement and training and legal framework. Political distrust may also undermine confidence in any alternative while possible threats to the integrity of elections can undermine the feasibility of alternative voting options.
Existing remote voting arrangement are designed to complement, not replace, in person voting at a polling station, remote voting methods are largely undermined and in some context, known to undermine the integrity of an election. From an electoral management perspective voting in a polling station is optimal to safeguard the integrity of an election. It reduces the opportunity for irregularities such as vote buying and coercion or family voting while guaranteeing the secrecy and integrity of an election. Voting at a polling station can further protect and strengthen the societal value of political engagement that election provides. Postal voting typically requires a large scale logistical effort, from procuring reliable postal service to recruiting ballot counting staff and requiring numerous counting officers to cooperate under close supervision. Such exercise would also be challenging to conduct safely during a viral pandemic such as Covid-19. Election that are held in an area of a country with a greater number of people with an increased health risk, such as older people remote voting may be an effective option to encourage their participation and protecting citizen’s and poll workers health, proxy voting within a clear legal framework could offer a further option for older people and vulnerable groups to participate in an election without being require visit a polling station. In spite of strictures laid down by ECI, how far our people will observe the SOPs is a big question mark during the ensuing by-election in Manipur?

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