Wednesday, 17 July 2019 - Imphal Times

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Imphal July 17,

With the non availability of the Head of Institution of Catholic School Canchipur for the last many days, students, parents and guardians today staged sit in protest outside the school gate.

Speaking to media persons Sobita Biramani a parent of a student said that the principal of the school Father Sony Thomas has taken leave from June 17 and has not returned till now.

Stressing that Catholic School Canchipur as well as all the other Catholic Schools were under the control of Bishop House he reminded that the Bishop House has tried to remove Father Sony Thomas many a times from the school. 

Because of strong agitation by the parents, guardians and Van Drivers Association Father Thomas was extended his term for the post of Principal of Catholic School Canchipur for two more years, he added.

Biramani contended that they believed the Bishop House has a role to play for the father not to come to the school and with previous issues they have trust deficit to the Bishop House.

As the 2nd terminal exam will begin from 24th of this month he urged the Bishop House to send the Principal to resume its duties and also to manage for the students who will face the HSLC exam and also the terminal exams soon.

They felt discontented to know that the school was left without the head of the Institution for a long time and it is a clear sign for system failure, he added.

Praising the Principal he asserted that the school performance was increased in comparison with the previous years during the time of Father Thomas. He also said that they strongly believed in him.

Biramani warned the Bishop House that they will force to shut the school down after the second terminal exam which will start from 24 July if they fail to send back the Principal of the school Father Sony Thomas.

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Imphal, July 17,

Under the initiative of Education Minister, Thokchom Radheshyam, sports equipments were handed over to the Zonal and district officials of the Directorate of Education - School, Manipur during the Sports Material Distribution Ceremony organised by State Mission of Samagra Shiksha, Manipur held at Samagra Shiksha, State Implementing Society (SS, SIS) Office Babupara Imphal.

The Minister stated that good health enhances the ability in children in becoming more effective in learning and development process. He added that education imparted to the children need a holistic approach to encourage and make the learning teaching-process more appealing. Recognising the significance, sports and physical education has been made an integral part of the new education policy under the Samagra Shiksha sports.

Sports will help the student learn to work as a team, encouraging their collaboration and communication among themselves. He said that the equipments that are being distributed today are meant for the children. He appealed to the gathering to make maximum utilization of the sports equipments and educational aid. He also suggested that the equipments provided to the schools can be utilized among the local youths so that the item does not remain unused.

Th. Radheshyam highlighted that Samagra Shiksha is an integrated scheme for School Education-bringing under one umbrella the three Centrally Sponsored Schemes of Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan(SSA), Rashtriya Madhyamik Shiksha Abhiyan(RMSA) and Teacher Education (TE). The scheme will cover from pre-school to senior secondary level and aims to ensure inclusive and equitable quality education at all levels, he added. He also mentioned that the grant for sports equipments is at the rate of Rs. 5,000 for Primary Schools and Rs. 10,000 for upper primary schools.

During the ceremony, science kits, white board and library books approved by the Project Approval Board (PAB), MHRD, New Delhi, were distributed to 18 government secondary schools of the State during today’s Sports Material Distribution Ceremony. It was also announced that 386 schools will be provided with sports kits, 100 schools will have Mathematical kits, 100 schools with science kits, 397 schools with white boards and 393 schools with library books.

The programme was attended by Joint Secretary Education (S) L. Nandakumar Singh; Chairman, COHSEM, Manipur, L. Mahendra Singh, Addl. Director Education (S/H) Shri Lerte Hmangte Kom, Addl. Director Education (S/V) Smt. Ch. Sachi, officials of Directorate of Education - School, ZEOs and teachers.

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Imphal, July 17,

The North-East Forum for International Solidarity (NEFIS) had submitted a memorandum to the Administrator (Vice Chancellor) of Manipur University demanding removal of irregularities in the disbursal of Non-NET fellowships to the research scholars enrolled at Manipur University. These fellowships were instituted to be granted to all the research scholars i.e. those enrolled in M.Phil and Ph.D courses at the Central Universities across the country however, the scholars of Manipur University were being denied the fellowship. The amount had not been released since 2017.

A statement said that the research scholars represented by North-East Forum for International Solidarity (NEFIS) had made a representation to the University Grants Commission (UGC) seeking an immediate intervention into the matter. It added that following the representation the UGC authorities had written to the MU authorities seeking a clarification in the matter. Consequent to it, the MU authorities had started disbursing the Non-NET fellowships to the research scholars vide Office Order/240 dated 12th June, 2019.

However, still many irregularities concerning the disbursal of the fellowship remain, the NEFIS statement added.  

It said the scholars are only being given fellowship amount of 3 months, and it is not at all made clear by the university as to which particular months they have received their fellowships for. Further, some things still remain unclear as to when do the scholars start receiving their fellowships i.e. from the date of their admission as at all other Central Universities or after the completion of their coursework.

NEFIS, through the memorandum, had demanded that these irregularities should be immediately removed. It also terms the disbursal of Non-NET fellowships a victory of its struggle, since it was disbursed after NEFIS’s and others’ efforts. NEFIS would be taking up other issues of students of MU and intensifying its struggle in the coming days.

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Wednesday, 17 July 2019 17:29

Army gear up for worsening floods in Assam


Ghy, July 17,

In view of the worsening flood situation in the Eastern region, Lieutenant General MM Naravane, PVSM, AVSM, SM, VSM, General Officer Commanding in Chief, Eastern Command, took stock of the situation and was briefed by various Commanders on ground about the preparations underway. The Army Commander stated that the situation is presently under control and assured a quick response by the Army on being requisitioned for deployment on flood relief tasks.

Various resources of the Army in anticipation of flood related calamity are on ‘Stand by’.  Army is closely monitoring the flood situation in close coordination with civil administration along large number of flood prone areas. There are 152 monitoring stations which will ensure timely warning of an impending crisis due to floods.

 Army has alerted the flood relief columns which consist of rescue and relief material, to be prepared for deployment on short notice. Total of 95 flood relief columns along with additional 31 columns as reserve have been kept on ‘Stand by’ for this purpose. As on date five columns have been requisitioned and are helping in the relief operations. Column Commanders are in regular touch with the civil administration to ensure timely response when called upon to assist.

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Wednesday, 17 July 2019 17:28

IGAR (East) Celebrates 7th Raising Day


Ghy, July 17,

Inspector General of Assam Rifles (East) celebrated its 7th Raising Day at Srikona, Assam yesterday. It was raised on  July 16, 2012 at Shillong and moved to Srikona in Assam.

During special SainikSammelan on July 15, Maj Gen GAV Reddy, SC, VSM Inspector General Assam Rifles (East) applauded the contribution of each soldier towards creating a conducive and secure environment in the area of responsibility. He exhorted ranks to keep up the good work and to continue striving for excellence. He also felicitated the individuals of the Headquarters who had displayed exemplary service during the past year.

The events of 16 July were graced by Lt Gen SatishDua, PVSM, UYSM, SM, VSM (Retd), Lt Gen Rajeev Sirohi, AVSM, VSM, GOC 3 Corps  among others.

In a short span of time since its raising in 2012, IGAR (East) has lived up to the challenge of maintaining peace & tranquillity in its vast area of responsibility. Be it curbing insurgency, border guarding at Indo-Myanmar border in Mizoram, humanitarian aid to civil authority in South Assam & Tripura and also in contributing towards development of remote areas of Mizoram & Tripura, IGAR (East) has donned several roles with utmost dedication. With this raising day celebrations, IGAR (East) adds yet another successful year to the annals of its golden history and looks forward to serve the people of North East with more dedication than ever.

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Imphal, July 17,

Local women and youths of Kshetri Awang Leikai, Kshetrigao today staged a sit-in-protest demanding arrest and punishment of the culprits involved in the gun attack to  Urikkhinbam Natacha @ Thoibi on July 4. Thoibi is the daughter of Human Rights Defenders U Nobokishore and Sobita Mangsatabam. 

While the protest urged the government for arrest and punishment of the culprits, it also demanded installation of CCTV camera in proper places of Imphal area.

The protestors also warned the government of intense agitation with the help of various civil society in the state if the government fails to arrest the culprits.

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New Delhi, July 17,

 International Finance Olympiad (IFO) helps to motivate students for better and deeper understanding of financial facts and enhance their skills to manage their daily life. With intent to make young learners familiar with the art of understanding and managing money, International Financial Olympiad, 2019 is being conducted by International Institute of Financial Markets (IIFM) and Economic Times is for students from classes 8th to 12th  and the registrations are open till 30th August, 2019. IFO has catered to more than 48,000 students in 162 cities and 5 countries to promote financial literacy for students at school levels in the span of 7 years. 

“While as a fundamental part of the socio-educational structure, students complete their schooling without any formal financial education. This not only results in poor personal financial skills but also affects the economy due to the non-structured understanding of the financial subjects. There is a very demanding urgency for every developing country to make financial knowledge a well structured and robust system in the school curriculum” said Kritika Kaushik, National Convener - International Finance, Olympiad and Global Economic Olympiad.

The Olympiad is conducted in three rounds and the first is going to be conducted from 1st September 2019 to 15th November 2019. Students scoring above 60% in the first round are then eligible for the second round (regional) that will begin from 16th November 2019 to 24th December, 2019.

The pattern includes written round, Audio visual round and crossword puzzles in duration of 2 hours. After this, a 4 member team is then selected and called to Delhi for the International Grand Finale. The pattern of the finale is an oral quiz type conducted for 3 hours to select the winner.

Students registering at National and International level competition have an added advantage as they get an Internationally recognized certification at every level and a chance to compete for Rs. 1.6 Lakh cash scholarship prizes including Rs 60000 for School toppers and Rs 1,00,000 for Regional toppers and become a ‘Financial Literate’ at a young age. Students can participate from Schools or individually through the website

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Plastic recycling is the process of recovering scrap or waste plastic and reprocessing the material into useful products. Since the vast majority of plastic is non-biodegradable, cycling is a part of global efforts to reduce the plastic in the waste stream, especially the approximately 8 million tons of waste plastic that enters the Earth’s Ocean every year. Compared with lucrative recycling of metals and similar to the low value of glass, plastic polymers recycling is often more challenging, because of low density and low value. There are also numerous technical hurdles to overcome when recycling plastic. When different types of plastics are melted together, they tend to phase separate, like oil and water and set in these layers. The phase boundaries cause structural weakness in the resulting material: meaning that polymer blends are useful in only limited applications. The two most widely manufactured plastics, polypropylene and polyethylene behave this way, which limits their utility for recycling.

Recently the use of block copolymers as “molecular stitches” or “macromolecular welding flux” has been proposed to overcome the difficulties associated with phase separation during recycling. The percentage of plastic that can be fully recycled rather than down cycled or go to waste can be increased when manufacturing of packaged goods, minimize mixing or packaging materials and eliminate contaminates. The use of biodegradable plastic or plastic which can be organically recycled or can be composted in Industrial composting is increasing for certain short lived packaging applications. Biodegradable plastics are plastics that can be decomposed by the action of living organisms, usually bacteria. Before recycling, most plastics are sorted according to their resin type. In the past, plastic re claimers used  the resin identification code(RIC),a method of categorization of polymer type which was developed by the Society of Plastic Industry in 1988.Some plastic products are also separated by color before they are recycled. The plastic recyclable are then shredded. These shredded fragments then undergo processes to eliminate impurities like paper labels. The materials melted are often extruded into the form of pellets which are then used to manufacture other products. Recycling also keeps plastic out of landfills where it can take 500 years to break down.

Plastic pyrolysis can convert petroleum based waste streams such as plastic into fuels and carbons. Heat compression takes all unsorted cleaned plastic in all forms, from soft plastic bags to hard industrial waste and mixes the load in tumblers. The most obvious benefit to the method is that all plastic is recyclable, not just matching form. For some waste plastics, technical devices called recyclebots enable a form of distributed recycling. Post-consumer polyethylene terephthalate (PET or PETE) containers are sorted into different color fractions and baled for onward sale. PET recyclers further sort the baled bottles and they are washed and flaked or flaked and washed. Non-PET fractions such as caps and labels are removed during the process. The clean flake is dried. Further treatment can take place e.g melt filtering and pelletizing or various treatments to produce food-contact approved recycled PET (RPET). RPET has been widely used to produce polyester fibers. One used of this recycled PET is to create fabric to be used in clothing Industry.The recycled PET thread or yarn can be used either alone or together with other fibers to create a wide variety of fabrics. Traditionally these fabrics are used to create strong, durable, and rough products such as jackets, coats, shoes, bags, hats and accessories, since they are usually too rough for direct skin contact and can cause irritation. Other major outlets for RPET are new containers (food-contact or non-contact) produced either by molding into bottles and jars or by thermoforming APET sheet to produce clamshells, blister packs and collation trays. High density polyethylene (HDPE) is a commonly recycled plastic. HDPE’s highly crystalline structures makes it a strong high density moderately stiff plastic. Often, it is typically down cycled into plastic lumber,tables,roadside curbs,benches,trucks cargo liners,trash receptacles,stationery ( e.g rulers) and other durable plastic products and is widely in demand. Expanded polystyrene (EPS) scrap can easily be added to products such as EPS insulation sheets and other EPS materials for construction applications. When it is not used to make more EPS,foam scrap can be turned into clothes hangers, Park benches, flower pots,toys,rulers,stapler bodies,seedling containers, picture frames and architectural molding from recycled polystyrene(PS). Recycled EPS is also used in many metal casting operations.Rastra is made from EPS that is combined with cement to be used as an insulating amendment in the making of concrete foundries and walls. Since 1993 American manufacturers have produced insulating concrete forms made with approximately 80% recycled EPS. Israel have shown that plastic films recycled from mixed municipal waste streams can be recycled into useful household products such as buckets. Similarly agricultural plastics such as mulch film, drip tape and silage bags are being diverted from the recycled waste streams and successfully recycled into much larger products for Industrial applications such as plastic composite railroad ties. Historically these agricultural plastic have primarily been either land filled or burned on-site in the fields of individuals’ farms.

CNN reports that Dr.S.Madhu of Kerala  Highway Research Institute,India has formulated a road surface  that includes recycled plastics, aggregate ,bitumen(asphalt) with plastic that has been shredded and melted at a temperature below 2200C (4280F) to avoid pollution. This road surface is claimed to be very durable and monsoon rain resistant. Keeping in mind, lack of manufacturing opportunities in Manipur, a father –son duo from Manipur, decided to start a manufacturing unit of their own. After years of hard work, Sadokpam Itombi Singh and his father Sadokpam Gunakanta have established a successful operation of recycling program at Sagolband sadokpam leikai in Imphal. SJ Plastic Industry, started by Mr Itombi, could build pipes, other household items, tubes and flower pots from plastic waste. “Plastic is very Important and how to dispose is also equally important” Mr Itombi said. Currently as many as 120 types of plastics have been identified in Manipur alone. Out of 120, almost 30 are recycled in Manipur while the remaining are sent to Delhi and Guwahati after compression process. On 24th May 2018, Chairman Manipur Pollution Control Board also sent a written intimation to the Manipur Public Works Dept. giving instruction to make use of plastic waste in road construction mandatory in the state as is done in Kerala. It will be a good step forward if Government of Manipur execute this practice in reality to avoid the threat of plastic pollution in our Environment. Plastic are recyclable, we need to make conscious efforts to recycle such waste so that they can be used for other purpose, instead of allowing them to pollute our water bodies and land.


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By: Mr. Pakinrichapbo (Advocate)

Samziuram Village, Peren, Nagaland

Much have been written and spoken on Registration of Indigenous Inhabitants of Nagaland (RIIN) lead by civil society organizations, individuals from various backgrounds giving their expert opinion on why RIIN is necessary and how to carry out RIIN, at the same time creating more confusion day by day at the absence of clear cut guideline/rules laid down by the State Government to set up RIIN.  The drama unfolded following the Nagaland Government decision to go ahead with RIIN shows that State Government is not well prepared for carrying such complicated task of preparing a master list for bonafide indigenous inhabitant of Nagaland nor seem to have effective mechanism to contain its numerous  loopholes surrounding this RIIN.  

The State Government continues to commit blunder after blunder  by publishing the notification to set up RIIN without laying down any guideline, failing to include indigenous Kuki and Dimasa-Kachari tribal organizations in the list of Tribal Hohos and organizations invited for consultative meeting with the state government on 17.07.19, expecting civil society organizations to pressurize the government to stick to 01.12.1963 cut off year to decide who is indigenous inhabitant of Nagaland and bringing up draft format of RIIN sticking to 1963 as a cut off year.  

When State government itself is not clear on how to carry out its policy what can we expect, except chaos and disgruntlement from every corner? In the act of protecting one right, one should not violate other basic rights.       


Social Background

The PDA lead Nagaland Government hurried push for registration of indigenous inhabitants of Nagaland reveals the mindset of the confused, helpless and anxious Nagas of Nagaland and the deficiency of practical idea to effectively deal with the rising populations of legal and illegal migrants from mainland India and Bangladesh. Not to forget the prosperity of the migrants especially the business community are always seen as a threat by the indigenous groups.

The debate of checking the high influx of illegal migrants has been going on for long time. In the near past, concerned, indigenous citizen group had formed association, young rugged individuals taken law in to their hand by checking defaulters of ILP and some even report in face book of slapping ILP defaulters, in most cases, the victims were Illegal Bangladeshi Immigrants (IBI) running a small shops for migrants whether be legal or illegal running big shops can’t be touch, sharing ideas and debating in social media to tackle influx of illegal migrants with no positive results.

Sometime the debate will shift focus from illegal migrants to non indigenous Nagas mainly from Manipur, such debate often triggered by Rongmei tribe recognition issue.

It is not wrong to conclude that the certain section among the indigenous Naga sub tribes of Nagaland seeks protection not only from the legal and illegal migrants but from the non indigenous Naga tribes whose presence in the state are equally seen as a threat. Past accommodative spirit based on Naga brotherhood now in death bed as a result of old age and multiple chronic ailments thanks to unsettled Indo-Naga peace talks, only Nagas of Nagaland policies favoured and implemented by high and mighty of Nagaland, misrule of different armed factions. In such ground reality, the idea of Nagas without border popularised by FNR and NSF will quietly take back seat. The policies of state administrations will supersede Naga Nationalism. Nagaland being a capital for all Naga tribes needs to show that all Naga tribes are welcomed without ILP in Nagaland, applying tribe colour in lands ownerships system and government policies will create deeper fragmentation in the long run even among Nagas of Nagaland.   

I wish, I may be proven wrong but post execution of RIIN; regional feeling will grow manifold beyond control, Naga nationalism, peace talk will carry little meaning until the final settlement arrives if it is meant to be and satisfies some leading dominant Naga tribes of Nagaland. But now it appears majority of Nagaland based indigenous tribes have lost hope in political negotiations and will go to any length to protect and preserve its limited state resources, for high and mighty greatest excuse to play regional politics is to bring out the card of limited resources and go on diverting state limited resources to their kitchen not caring to equally share resources among fellow recognized indigenous people, also deny state privileges and rights to non-indigenous groups of people including Nagas settling in the state for several decades but originally from outside Nagaland state.

Nagaland government has stated the RIIN is not to target traders (includes legal and illegal migrants), so who is their target now?

Nagas being a part of the minorities in India had never shied away of attacking BJP lead Central Government of violating minorities rights on several occasions. Time has come to show how Nagaland Government will treat its minorities living in the state.  Not forgetting the established rules that the kind of Democratic Government is known by how it treats their minorities and its commitment to respect and protect minority rights. Whether the tyranny of the majority will prevail as usual or minority rights will be respected by giving administrative safeguards to the minorities.


(To be contd.)

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