Friday, 03 May 2019 - Imphal Times

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Imphal, May 3,

There is no reason to be happy, but a sign of relief was noticed on the people of the state as team on rescue mission at Ramrei area of Mapithel Dam Storage lake finally found the remaining 2 missing bodies of Sagapam Romen (31) and Ningthoujam Rina (20) .

The body of Sagapam Rajiv (36), was recovered at around 3 pm yesterday from the lake by a Villager of Ramrei.

The ill fated 3 persons – among whom two are brothers drowned in the artificial lake on April 28, after the boat they were enjoying picnic ride turned upside down after a deadly cyclonic storm hit the boat. Some of the persons on the same boat were rescued but the 3 bodies went missing since then. Hectic efforts to search the dead bodies were on since the day.

For the first time the state government too took special effort by sending rescue team from the state Fire Service Department and the National Disaster Response Force  soon after receiving the news. As the search failed to find the missing persons, the state government even invites the Indian Navy team to help in finding the dead bodies.

Chief Minister N. Biren Singh was perhaps the first to visit the spot to take stock of the situation. He even indicated to ban the unauthorised boat from tourist spot like Chadong/Ramrei, Loktak, Singda Dam and Khuga Dam.

What is more interesting is the concern of almost all the people to the tragedy at Ramrei. Many people from across the state rushed the spot to show their solidarity. The state security had to stop the visitors at Yaingangpokpi as the number of visitors turn out in huge number and as it disturbed the search operation.  The once upon a time divided Hill and Plain people united and pray for finding the dead body. Among the people of Ramrei Village who have been shifted to a safer area after their village had been submerged under the water, tears were seen rolling on their cheek as they pray for the three souls yesterday.

Co-incidentally, minutes after the Villagers of Ramrei prayed to the almighty along with the Pastor, the dead body of S. Rajiv was found by the locals. The other two bodies were found by the Navy team today.

What is more interesting is the selfless sacrifice of all the people while rendering their service in the effort to find the body of the trio. Even a local expert – a Manipuri Muslim by birth, came to give a try in finding the dead body.

The Ramrei incident had taken the lives of 3 persons among which two are brothers and another girl in her early 20s. But the incident unites the people of the state.

Congress MLA Govindas who happened to be a distant relative of the ill-fated deceased was also seen only to see the body found and to perform the last rite.

Ruling or opposition unites, the Muslim, the Meiteis and the Tangkhuls unites. And Manipur witness a thousand of heroes at Ramrei incident. 

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Imphal, May 3,

Disheartening with the silence of the government and not even visiting the injured victim of the twin bomb blast which occurred on April 22 at Minuthong in Imphal East, spokesperson of Co-ordinating body Khurai Bon said that the government has been neglecting the injured person for the last 10 days.

Speaking in a press meet held at Press club today Bon said that they have waited for the last many days to know the miscreants. He added that they felt surprised as the government fails to identify the miscreants of the twin bomb blast in the last 10 days through their investigation while others involved in other bomb blast were identified in few days.

He further said that there wasn’t any clarification from any sides both state and non state actors whether it may be an accident by armed personnel or a planted one.

With such confusion Bon added that security guards should be deployed to the victim Santosh until the culprit are found out and questioned whether there is a conspiracy or an intentional twin bomb blast targeted to him.

Spokesperson of Khurai Konsam Leikai Apunba Nupi Lup Nongthombam Radharani appealed not to repeat such inhumane act.

She warned that intense agitation will be initiated if the truth and the person involved are not brought out to the lime light.

She further appealed the government to help in stopping such incidents.

It can be mentioned that the twin bomb blast occurred on the night of 22nd April at Minuthong between the Assam Rifles transit camp and office of Manipur Mountaineering and  Trekking Association injuring 45 years old Santosh Kumar who is a lecturer of CC Higher Secondary school.

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Imphal, May 3,

Laipubam Nitish Sharma of Yumnam Leikai, Chinga Mathak, Imphal- West has been selected to attend the “ 49th St Gallen Symposium - Leaders of Tomorrow” to be held from 8-10th May, 2019 at Switzerland and to become a part of St. Gallen Global Community. He has written an essay entitled “Humanity and the Purpose of Capital” and his remarkable essay has ranked among top 100 contributions selected from almost 800 contestants, representing 350 Universities and more than 100 nationalities.

Sharma will attend the 49th St Gallen Symposium- Leaders of Tomorrow in which many Scholars, Ministers, Bankers and Broadcasters, Industrialists, Professors of different Universities from all over the world are going to deliver speech on different topics and the number of speakers shall be more than 75.

His trip to Switzerland and back will be organized by International Students’ Committee (ISC) which will cover all the expenses for International flight, boarding and fooding during the symposium, as well as participation fee. He is leaving India on   5th May, 2019 and will return on 12th May, 2019.

Sharma is the eldest son of L. Upendro Sharma, Director of Jawaharlal Nehru Manipur Dance Academy, Imphal and Smt. Gurumayum Ibemma Devi and is pursuing final semester of MBA in St. Joseph’s Institute of Management, Bangalore.

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Imphal, May 3,

The All Manipur Working Journalists’ Union (AMWJU) and the Editors’ Guild, Manipur (EGM) strongly condemns the biasness and arrogant attitude of DC of Kamjong DC, Kengu Juringla towards media persons. DC Juringla banned a team of media persons, comprising of ISTV News, Impact TV News, News 18, etc from covering the search operation for the remaining two dead bodies in Ramrei today.  However, a particular media house’s team was allowed to cover the search operation along with the official search teams by taking a boat in the waters.

The DC wrongly blamed the media for uploading video clips of recovery of the first dead body yesterday in the social media making them go viral. In fact, it’s not the media but those in the search teams who uploaded the video clips in the social media.

What’s more shocking is that the DC did not even allow coverage of the search by a Drone camera from air.

Such biased and high-handed attitude of the DC, especially on World Press Freedom Day, deserves condemnation in the strongest term by all sections of media and society. AMWJU and EGM appeal to the Government of Manipur to look into the matter and take appropriate action thereof.

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IT News
Imphal, May 3,

AMITY University, Amity School of Natural Resources and Sustainable Development (ASNRSD), Noida, India in association with the Shintha Handlooms and Handicrafts, Thongju-2, Manipur has conducted a “One Day Training on Banana/Alternative Natural Fibre Extraction and Product Development” yesterday, the 2nd May, at the “Skills’ Traning Centre” of CSIR-NEIST, Lamphelpat , Imphal west. Dr. H. Birakumar Singh, Principal & Senior Scientist, CSIR-NEIST, Lamphelpat, Prof.B.K.P. Sinha Advisor to AMITY University, Amity School of Natural Resources and Sustainable Development (ASNRSD), Noida, India; Jiten Thokchom, Secretary of Manipur Chambers of Commerce and Industries (MCCI) Manipur and L.Sadananda, Treasurer, MCCI attended the inaugural functions as the Chief Guest, President and the Guests of Honour respectively.
The said one day training on Banana/Alternative Natural Fibre Extraction and Product Development” was organized as a part of the ongoing project of the AMITY University, Noida entitled “Natural Alternative Fibre Based Textiles: Assessment Market Potential & Techno-Economics Feasibility in Context of North-East” under the sponsorship of the Ministry of Textiles, Government of India” said by S.Bhubol of Shintha Handlooms and Handicrafts, Thongju Part-2, Imphal East. Giving the key-note speech of the function, S.Bhubol continued that the banana and alternative natural fibres and their allied products are the new hopes for the North East region’s economic development as such fibres can now be qualitatively produced from a number of indigenous plants and trees abundantly growing in the states of northeast.
Dr.H.Birakumar Singh in his speech of the Chief Guest expressed happiness on conducting the training as CSIR-NEIST has also working in this area in the last few years that is experienced with enormous potential i this field for Manipur in particular and entire North-East in general. He further said that the CSIR-NEIST is still engrossing in research works and possibly the best potential of the indigenous plantain tree (banana) popularly known as ‘Changbi’which can give the longest thread reaching upto 15-20 ft long bearing good qualities that can be easily used as for weaving purposes without much difficulty of offently joining the threads. He added that the two banana fibre extractor machines installing in the CSIR-NEIST campus, Lamphelpat, the Skill Training Centre and all other machine and equipment can now used in free of cost by the entrepreneurs having interest in this field.
Neeraj Sinha Coordinator of the project substituting Prof.B.K.P. Sinha of AMITY University expressed happiness on findings of the project the rich potential of the North-East in the area of producing banana and alternative natural fibre extraction and allied production and more potentials available in Manipur state not only fully grown by natural fibre extractable plants and trees but also populated by highly skilled artisans producing world standard crafts of Kauna and Chumthang  the world is demanding at best.
Jotin Thokchom giving his speech of Guest of Honour expressed that the state has a potentials as traditional knowledge and practices in the field of natural fibre based productions existing as prolonged occupations of the artisans of land and asserted that it is time for taking reference of others South East Asian Countries like Philippines and Malaysia which have been producing maximum production in the sector and also he said that the advanced machines for extraction of natural fibres and joining threads equipment produced by countries like China can be procured in the state for achieving better qualities and products. He added that the Manipur Chambers of Commerce and Industries shall extend support  to this field at best capacities by incorporating in its venture of hunting the South Asian Countries for better economics ties with the state Manipur.

Published in News
Friday, 03 May 2019 17:10

Transforming adversity to opportunity

Diversity of beliefs, religion, traditions, customs, language and cultures presents diverse opportunities and impediments the world over. What differentiates a progressive culture or government from one steeped in tradition and blind beliefs is the way difficulties and drawbacks are perceived, and addressed.
The most developed countries in the world, at the best of times still have to grapple with myriad issues and internal conflicts which are social, political and fiscal in nature. The world has yet to witness or experience a perfect government, and indeed, governing is a thankless job. What keeps prominent personalities relentlessly pursuing the top posts of a country are the inducements and privileges in various forms that comes with the posts. It would be wishful thinking if we are to believe that leaders of the developed nations or states are above reproach; guided only by their altruistic beliefs and zeal.
After certain permutations and combinations of the existing political and economic atmosphere, everything boils down to just a few basic factors that determines the level of efficacy of a government- readiness to usher in changes no matter how radical or unpopular such a move might appear initially, ability to reach out and stay connected with the masses through its various agencies, the political determination backed by action for curbing corruption, despotism and nepotism as well as the humility to respect and give space for other machineries such as the law and media to carry out their roles in the society without any restraint or suspicion of unwarranted influence.
China, the most populous country in the world beset with the accompanying problems of overpopulation and underemployment, after a long struggle, realised the opportunities presented by its inherent shortcomings and shifted focus from an agrarian economy to one with optimum utilization of the abundantly available manpower for production and manufacturing to become the largest economy, surpassing the USA in the process.
Thailand, a small south-east Asian country has managed to utilize its agrarian economy to become the largest exporter of rice in the world, and coupled with the proactive development of tourist facilities, have managed to earn 10 percent of its GDP from the tourism sector alone, resulting in keeping rate of unemployment to less than 1 percent. Cut to the present India, and by extension, our very state with the sobriquet “ mani gee leipak”- loosely translated as ‘land of jewels’. There is no denying that we are proud of our rich culture, customs and traditions and we would go to any length to protect and preserve them.
We almost always refer to our ‘glorious’ past and ‘developed’ heritage at the drop of a hat. There is a sneaking feeling that we are becoming more than ‘proud’, that we have acquired a certain air of ‘haughtiness’ of a past we are unsure if we still deserve. It is time to introspect and reflect on the deviations, to own up our mistakes and review our moral and social standing. Everyone of us have a stake in making earnest efforts to make this state work and progress. It would be sheer foolishness to try and push each other off the boat as that will only result everybody getting capsized.

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In the late 19th century 1st May was chosen as the date for” International Worker’s Day “by the Socialist and communist to commemorate the Haymarket Affairs in Chicago. International Worker’s day can also be referred as May –Day, but it is different celebration from the traditional May-Day celebrated in almost European countries as well as in U.S and Canada.May Dayis anancient Northern Hemisphere Spring festival and a traditional spring holiday in many cultures usually celebrated on 1st May.Dances,singing and cakes are usually part of the festival. The earliest known May celebrations appeared with the FLORALIA, festival of Flora, the roman Goddess of flowers, held on 27 April during the Roman Republic era and the Maiouma or Maiuma, a festival celebrating Dionysus and Aphrodite on an unknown date in May every three years. The Floralia opened with theatrical performances. In the Floralia,Ovid says that hares and goats were released as part of the festivities. Persiuswrites that crowds were pelted with vetches, beans and lupins. A ritual called the Florifertum was performed either on April 27 or May 3, during which a bundle of wheat ears was carried into a shrine though it is not clear if this devotion was made to Flora or Ceres. Floralia conducted with competitive events and spectacles and a sacrifice to Flora.
      According to the 6th century chronicles of JhonMalalas, the Maiuma was a “nocturnal dramatic festival” held every three years and known as orgies that is, the Mysterious of Dionysus and Aphrodite and it was known as the Maioumas because it is celebrated in the month of May. During this time, enough money was set aside by the celebrated with splendorous banquets and offerings. Its reputation for licentiousness causes it to be suppressed during the reign of Emperor Constaine, though a less debauched version of it was briefly restored during the reign of Arcadius and Honorius, only to be suppressed again during the san period. A later May festival celebrated in Germanic countries, Walpurgis Night, commemorates the official canonization of Saint Walpurga on May 1st, 870. In Gaelic culture, the evening of April 30th was the celebration of Beltane (Whichtransact to- Lucky fire), the start of summer season. First attested in 900 AD, the celebration mainly focused on the symbolic use of fire to bless cattle and other livestock’s as they were moved to summer pastures.
   On May Day, Bulgarians celebrates Irminden. The holiday is associated with snakes and lizards and rituals are made in order to protect people from them. In Czech Republic, May Day istraditionallyconsidered as a holiday of love and May as a month of love. The celebration of spring are held on 30thApril, when a Maypole is erected-a tradition possibly connected to Beltane, since bonfires are also lit on that day. It is a public holiday on 30 April. On May 31st the Maypole is taken down in an event called Maypole felling. On 1st May couples in love are kissing under a blooming tree. May Day or Spring Day is a national holiday in Estonia, celebrating the arrival of spring. More traditional festivities takes place throughout the night before and into the early hours of 1 May. In Finland: Walpurgis Night is one of the four biggest holidays along with Christmas Eve; NewYear eve and Midsummer. Walpurgis witness the biggest carnival style festival held in Finland’s cities and towns. The celebration which begin on the evening of 30th April and continue up to 1st May. Typically center on the consumption of Sima,sparkling wine and other alcoholic beverages. Student’s traditions, particularly those of engineering students are one of the main characteristic of Vappu.On May 1561, King Charles IX of France received a lily of the valley as a lucky charm. He decided to offer a lily of the valley each year to the ladies of the court. At the beginning of the 20th century, it became custom to give a sprig of lily of the valley, a symbol of springtime on 1 May. The government permits individuals and workers organization to sell them tax free on that day. Nowadays, people may present loved ones either with bunches of lily of the valley or dog rose flowers. In rural regions of Germany, especially the Harz Mountains, Walpurgisnacht celebrations of Pagan origin are traditionally held on the night before May Day including bonfires and wrapping of a Maibaum (Maypole). Young people use this opportunity to party, while the day itself is used by many families to get some fresh air, Motto:Tanz in den mai( dancing into May).In Greece,1 May is a day that celebrates spring. The most common aspect of modern May Day celebrations in Greece is the preparation of a flower wreath from wild flowers. The flowers are placed on the wreath against a background of green leaves and the wreath is hung either on the entrance to the family house/apartment or on a balcony. It remains there until midsummer night. On that night, the flower wreaths are set alight in bonfires, known as St John’s fire. May Day has been celebrating in Ireland since pagan times as the feast of Baltane and latter time as Mary’s day. Traditionally, bonfires were lit to mark the coming of summer and to grant luck to people and livestock. Old traditions such as bonfire are no longer widely observed though the practice still persist in some places across the country.
      In Italy, it is called Calendimaggio or Cantar Maggio, a seasonal feast held to celebrate the arrival of spring. “Maias”is a superstition throughout Portugal,with special focus on the northern territories and rarely elsewhere. Maias is the dominant naming in northern Portugal, but it may be referred to by other names including DiadasBruxas( Witches day), O Burro( the Donkey, referring to an evil spirit) or the last of April as the local traditions preserved to this day occur on that evening only. People put yellow flowers of Portuguese brooms, the bushes are known as giestar. The flowers of the bush are known as Maias,which are placed on doors or gates and every doorways of houses,windows, granaries, currently also cars, which the populace collect on the evening of the 30th April when the Portuguese brooms are blooming, to defend those places from bad spirit, witches and evil eyes. The placement of the May flower or bush in the doorways must be done before midnight. On May Day, the Romanians celebrate the arminden(orArmindeni), thebeginning of summer, symbolically tied with the protection of crops and farm animals. The day is celebrated to ensure good wine in autumn and for people and farm animals’ alike, good health and protection from the elements of nature (Storms, hailillness pests). People will have parties in natural surroundings with fiddlers for those who could afford it. Then it is customary to roast and eat lamb along with new mutton cheese and to drink mug wort- flavored wine or just red wine to refresh the blood and get protection from diseases. On the way back, the men wear lilac or mug wort flowers on their hats. In Serbia, ProvomajskiUranak(Reveille on May 1st) is a folk tradition and feast that consist of the fact that on May 1, people go in the nature or even leave the day before and spend the night with a camp fire. Most of the time, a dish is cooked in a kettle or in a barbecue. Among Serbs this holiday is widespread.  Almost every town in Serbia, has its own traditional first-of- May excursion sites and most often these are green areas outside the city.
           In Spain, May day is celebrated throughout the country as Los Mayos(Lit; the May’s) often in a similar way to Fista de las Crees in many parts of the Hispanic America. People sing popular songs (also called Maios) making mentions to social and political events(around a decorate tree or sculpture) during the past year, sometimes under the form of converse, while they walk around with the percussion of two sticks. Today the tradition became a competition where the best sculpture and songs received prize. In Sweden, the more traditional festivities have moved to the day before Walpurgis Night, known in some locals as simply last of April and often celebrated with bonfire and a good bit of drinking. However 1st May is celebrated as International Worker’s Day. Traditional English May Day rites and celebrations include crowning a May Queen and celebrations involving a Maypole, around which dancers often circle with ribbons. Historically. Morris dancing has been linked to May Day celebrations. May Day has been celebrated in Scotland for centuries. It was previously closely associated with Beltane festival. InWales, the first day of May is known as Calan Mai or CalanHaf, and parallels the festival of Beltane and other May Day tradition in Europe. Traditions would start the night before with bonfires and is considered a spring night when people would gather hawthorn and flowers to decorate their houses, celebrating new growth and fertility. While on May Day celebrations would include summer dancing and May carols other times referred to as singing under the wall, May Day wasalso a time for officially opening a village green. In Canada,May Day is celebrated in some parts of the provinces of British Columbia,Quebec,New Brunswick and Ontario. In Toronto, on the morning of 1stMay, various Morrisdancing troops from Toronto and Hamilton gather on the road by grenadier, café, inHigh Park to dance in the May. MayDay was also celebrated by some early European settlers of the American continent. In some parts of the United States, May basket are made. These are small baskets usually filled with flowers or treats and left at someone’s doorstep. The giver rings the bell and runs away. This ishow, May Day is celebrated in various parts of European & North Americans countries.

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Dr Amitabh Gupta
HOD Neurosurgery , Batra Hospital.

Parkinson’s disease (PD) is a progressive disorder of the nervous system that generally affectsoverall body movements in people over 60 years of age, occurringa decade earlier in familial cases. It usually begins with symptoms which are barely noticeable like tremors in hands or inability to execute simple coordinated movements likesigning or eating food, face may show little or no expression, or arms may not swing while walking and soft or slurred speech. These symptoms may be enough to diagnose PDby an expert neurologist / or a neurosurgeon performing DBS surgeries. Patients affected by advance state Parkinson’s demonstrates varying degrees of stiffness of body, slowness or difficulty in initiating movements or freezing.
What causes PD?
In Parkinson’s disease, loss of dopamine-producing cells leads to excessive and abnormally patterned activity in both the Globus pallidus interna (GPi) and the subthalamic nucleus (STN). This is evident by the fact that “Pacing” of these nuclei with a constant, steady-frequency electrical pulse corrects this excessive and abnormal activity.
What are the risk factors for Parkinson’s disease?
Age -  60 yrs and above.
Genetic - Having a blood relative with Parkinson’s disease.
 Sex - Men.
Exposure to toxins - Ongoing exposure to herbicides and pesticides.
Treatment for Parkinson’s disease and when to consider DBS?
For most patients suffering from early Parkinson’s disease, levodopa and other antiparkinsonian medications are usually effective for maintaining a good quality of life. However, with the progression of disease, medications can produce disabling side effects. Many patients on long-term levodopa develop troublesome dyskinesias, excessive movements that often cause the limbs and body to writhe or jump. In addition, their dose of levodopa no longer lasts as long as it once did. This may lead to “on-off fluctuations,” a condition in which the ability to move changes unpredictably between a mobile (“on”), state when medication seem to work, and an immobile (“off”) state in which little effect of medication is apparent and normal movement is very difficult. Once on & off effect sets in, medical relief from PD symptoms become unpredictable. When patients no longer have an acceptable quality of life DBS should be considered.
How to treat with DBS ?
In deep brain stimulation (DBS), surgeons implant electrodes into a specific part of your brain. The electrodes are connected to a generator implanted in your chest that sends electrical pulses to your brain and may reduce your Parkinson’s disease symptoms. It’s effects are completely reversible.
DBS can stabilize medication fluctuations, reduce or halt involuntary movements (dyskinesias), reduce tremor, reduce rigidity, and improve slowing of movement.
A tremor may be controlled by DBS even if the tremor isn’t very responsive to medication.
How is the surgery performed?
The most common method, bilateral implantation of the brain electrode is performed with the patient awake, using only local anesthetic and occasional sedation. The basic surgical method is called stereotaxis, a method useful for approaching deep brain targets though a small skull opening. To maximize the precision of the surgery, a “brain mapping” is used in which fine microelectrodes are used to record brain cell activity in the region of the intended target to confirm that it is correct, or to make very fine adjustments of 1 or 2 millimeters in the intended brain target. The neurological status of the patient (such as strength, vision, and improvement of motor function) is monitored frequently during the operation, by the surgeon or by the neurologist. When the correct target site is confirmed with the microelectrode, the permanent DBS electrode is inserted.
Who is an ideal candidate for DBS surgery?
A good candidate for DBS for Parkinson’s disease is a patient having the following attributes 
1.      Intact intellectual function and memory. Dementia (significantly impaired memory or thinking) is a major contraindication to surgery.
2.      History of significant benefit from taking levodopa (Sinemet).
3.      Certainty of diagnosis.
4.      Lack of other untreated or inadequately treated illnesses. Serious cardiac disease, uncontrolled hypertension, or any major other chronic systemic illness increases the risk and decreases the benefit of surgery.
5.      Realistic expectations and not a sudden miracle.
6.      Patient age. The benefits of DBS for PD decline with advancing age, and the risks go up.
7.    MRI of the brain should be free of severe vascular disease, extensive atrophy, or signs of atypical parkinsonism.
8.      Degree of disability. DBS is a poor procedure to rescue someone with end stage Parkinson’s disease.
9.      Ability to remain calm and cooperative during an awake neurosurgical procedure lasting 2-3 hours per brain side.
What are the benefits of DBS surgery?
 The major benefit of DBS surgery for PD is that it makes movement in the off-medication state more like the movement in the on-medication state. In addition, it reduces levodopa-induced dyskinesias, either by a direct suppressive effect or indirectly by allowing some reduction in medication dose. DBS smooths out these fluctuations so that there is better function during more of the day. Any symptom that can improve with levodopa (slowness, stiffness, tremor, gait disorder) can also improve with DBS. Following DBS, there may be a reduction, but not elimination, of anti-Parkinsonian medications. At present, DBS only suppresses symptoms and does not alter the underlying progression of Parkinson’s disease.
What are the risks of DBS surgery?
The most serious potential risk of the surgical procedures is bleeding in the brain, producing a stroke, but the average risk is about 2%. The second most serious risk is infection, which occurs in about 4% of patients. Finally, hardware may break or erode through the skin with normal usage, requiring it to be replaced.

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By Dr. Minish Jain

Head & Neck cancer cases are likely to double by the year 2030. India accounts for 60% of world’s head & neck cancer cases. India is also the third largest tobacco user across the world. As per the WHO, tobacco kills more than 10 lakh people in the country, each year.
Currently, there are over 26.6 crore tobacco users in India and a substantial number of passive smokers. All forms of tobacco including cigarettes, cigars, hookah, gutkha and khaini are common agents for causing oral cancer.
Tobacco use impacts almost every major organ and system in the body causing untimely death. More than 4,000 different types of chemicals have been found in tobacco and tobacco smoke. Over 60 of these chemicals have been classified as cancer causing agents by International Agency on Research in Cancer.
Organs like the mouth, throat, larynx are affected by smoking tobacco. Cancer develops where there is an uncontrolled multiplication of cells of the body.
Harmful chemicals of tobacco cause these cells to grow uncontrollably and may lead to cancer. Other risk factors for head & neck cancer are HPV infections, poor oral hygiene, weak immune system, vitamin A and B deficiencies.
Symptoms of head & neck cancer include blood in phlegm, lump in the neck, skin changes, change in voice, difficulty in swallowing and a sore that does not heal.
The different types of head & neck cancer are cancer of the pharynx, larynx, nasal and paranasal sinus, oral cavity and salivary glands.
Treatment options include surgery, radiotherapy, chemotherapy targeted therapy or immunotherapy. In early stages, surgery is the first treatment choice. In advanced stages, chemo-radiation or targeted therapy plus radiation may be considered.
The article is written by Dr. Minish Jain, Director of Medical Oncology at Ruby Hall Clinic, Pune

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IT News
Imphal May 3,

A career counselling cum guidance lecture was conducted by Shangshak Battalion of 10 Sector Assam Rifles under the aegis of HQ IGAR (South) at Phungyar, Ukhrul district on 02 May 2019. The Career Guidance Programme was attended by a total of 62 students (36 boys and 26 girls) from Phungyar Higher Secondary School. The lecture was organized by Shangshak Battalion with the assistance from local students organisation of Phungyar. This interaction was done to explore the various possibilities available to the unemployed graduates of the remote area.
Lecture was specifically aimed at creating awareness in the youth about various employment opportunities in the Indian Army and Assam Rifles for both men and women. During the lecture, information regarding the life and work of an Armed Forces personnel and insight about facilities, pay and allowances was brought out. The students were also informed on personality development and various soft skills which are required in today’s competitive world. This was well received by the locals who showed enthusiasm to know the procedure to get commissioned as officers and to serve their country.
Location of various Universities and colleges in NE India were informed. The lecture culminated with detailed information on core competence of NE India i.e., insight of career in hospitality, tourism and aviation industries and the possibility of development of these potential industries in near future.

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