Wednesday, 22 May 2019 - Imphal Times

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Imphal, May 22,

Manipur High Court has directed the two member Independent enquiry committee which was constituted by the MHRD over the month long impasse at Manipur University on the issue of VC AP Pandey, to submit the findings within five days to the Ministry of Human Resource Development (MHRD) so that the Visitor of the University can take action.  

The High Court order directed that the MHRD should place it before the Visitor of MU for “his approval and directions.” 

After a prolonged student agitation in MU, an Independent Two Member Committee was constituted for finding out the truth on the charges made to Aadya Prasad Pandey, the then VC of Manipur University (MU).

The order clearly indicated that the Manipur High Court acknowledges the existence of Visitor of MU which Prof. AP Pandey had been denying its existence.

The court order also stated that Jarnail Singh should continue as the Administrator of Manipur University till the decision of Visitor on the matter based on the report of the Independent Two Member Committee. 

Furthermore, Manipur High Court order also “quashed and set aside” the appointment of K Yugindro Singh as Pro-Vice Chancellor by the then VC Adya Prasad Pandey.

Chongtham Nimai, Retired teacher of Johnstone Higher Secondary School and Hemanta Kumar Ningombam,  Editor of Sanaleibak Daily were among the petitioners who filed the case to find an amicable solution to the prolonged crisis at Manipur University.

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(With inputs from Agency)

Following the assassination of Arunachal Pradesh MLA Tirong Aboh, the Indian Army has launched massive operation in Khonsa region to hunt down the perpetrators.

MLA Tirong Aboh, sitting MLA of NPP and also a contesting candidate from Khonsa West constituency along with ten others was assassinated yesterday by armed militants. All sources points fingers to Nationalist Socialist Council of Nagaland- Isaak Muiwah (NSCN- IM) behind the killing of the MLA.

Report said that additional forces of the army have reinforced at Khonsa and adjoining areas to nab the culprits behind the killing.

Soon after yesterday brutal attack, Superintendent of Police of Khonsa had rushed to the spot and took stock of the situation. The 11 dead bodies have been shifted to a hospital at Khonsa for post mortem.

DIGP (Eastern Range) and SP, Changlang with additional forces also rushed to Khonsa to assess the situation. The IGP (Law and Order) also moved to Khonsa to supervise and co-ordinate with different security agencies for the operation, report said.

As per the official release of the Arunachal Police, the deceased persons are MLA Tirong Aboh, Wangngoi Hakhun, Jalin Hakhun, Longgem Aboh (son of Tirong Aboh), Ganwang Hakhun, Matlam Aboh (burnt), Pangro (teacher), Ponhang Agi (PSO RPL Khonsa), B Siksa (PSO security cell) and other two persons who are yet to be identified.

Those injured in the brutal attack are Wangsang Hakhun (PSO) who suffered a bullet injury to his shoulder and Wangdan Hakhun, a civilian who also got shot. A woman and a PSO reportedly escaped unhurt from the ambush.

It may be mentioned that NPP MLA from Khonsa West Assembly constituency, Tirong Aboh was killed in an attack on Tuesday morning while he was returning with his family to Khonsa from Dibrugarh district in Assam. Tirong Aboh was moving in a convoy with four vehicles when they were stopped by armed men and were fired upon.

Sources points fingers to NSCN-IM cadres camped out in the frontier state Arunachal Pradesh behind the attack.

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Imphal, May 22,

The Eastern Naga National Government (ENNG) expressed strong condemnation terming the killing of MLA Tirong Aboh and 10 others as cold blooded and brutal assassination.

The MLA and ten others including family members are on their way to Khonsa from Assam when the suspected NSCN (IM) cadres attacked and killed them.

“Such dastardly and  inhumane act of violence by a Nagaland based organisation has no place in Tirap, Changlang & Longding ( TCL) region” a statement said and added that ever since the entry of different factions of NSCN in TCL areas in 2002 they have made several gruesome political murders including assassination of  erstwhile Arunachal East MP Lt. Wangcha Rajkumar beside killing innocent aboriginal civilians of all communities of the region i.e., the Tangsas, Noctes, Tutsas, Wanchos, Singphos like a priceless animals to fulfil their ulterior agenda.

The ENNG appealed the NSCN to leave TCL region as soon as possible saying that they are not their people. The ENNG also warned to all those who harbour and support various faction of NSCN.

The ENNG also demanded the Government of India to suspend the ongoing peace talk with NSCN (IM) and their demand for integration of TCL into greater Nagalim must stop immediately.

“The public of TCL should seriously stress for Autonomous District Council (ADC) and the GOI should be serious in granting it to the people as it has been their long cherished demand” the statement said.

The statement was released by one  Jime Naga, Publicity & Information Secretary,

GHQ, Eastern Mahal and  (Lungrok ).

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Imphal, May 22,

Thoubal Divisional Forest Office and Wildlife and Biodiversity Conservation Committee Manipur (WBCC) also observed the
International Day for Biodiversity -2019 at the auditorium of Divisional Forest Office Thoubal today on the theme
“Our Biodiversity Our Food Our Health.”
 Debala Laiphrakpam, DFO Thoubal Forest Division, Rabi Takhellambam, a journalist and also president of WBCC and N Iboyai, Range Forest Officer Kakching Range attended the observance as dignitaries on the dais.
Speakers on the occasion expressed serious concern over the massive destruction of forest and wild life.
“With the increasing destruction of the biodiversity, people should also take part in its conservation and not just wait for the concerned departments”, Rabi Takhellambam said and added that people must learn the meaning of biodiversity.
Other speakers asserted the need for campaign at school and village level on biodiversity.     
As a part of the event, a Divisional Level Painting competition was held for students from Class V to Class XII in three categories. For Class V to VIII, Laishram Srinivash, Sweety Wahengbam and Waikhom Abhinash from Ruda Academy Thoubal won the competition. For Class IX to X, Thouchom Utam, Moirangthem Ranjoy and Maimom Bamkimchandra took the prize. Thokchom Biron, Jeeva Takhellambam and Suranjoy Chirom took the first, second and the third prize for XI to XII category. From each category, 10 students are selected for consolation prize.

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Imphal, May 22,

Even after imposing the Draconian law AFSPA for the last 61 years in Manipur, the government doesn’t take any positive steps to repeal it leaving aside all the mass peoples movement.
For Assam some forward steps has taken up to removed disturbed area from their state but Manipur fails to move ahead regarding the removal of disturbed area neither the repeal of the Draconian law.
Though the state fails to suppress the liberation movement by various underground outfits through imposition of AFSPA, moreover the people were angered adding more fuel to the fire by imposing such Draconian law.
In connection with the imposition of the draconian Act,  Apunba Manipur Kanba Ima Lup(AMKIL) organised a one day meeting at Lamyanba Sanglen to mark the 61 years of imposition of Armed Forces Special Powers Act, 1958.
People attending the event wore black badges denouncing the Draconian AFSPA.
Addressing on the occasion Khangenbam Anandi, Advisor of AMKIL said that the people at both hill and valley area have been suffering for the last 60 years due to the atrocities of the security forces committed under the shadow of AFSPA.
She added that many people were raped, murdered and tortured in the name of counter insurgency operation. The security forces even raped women infront of their husbands and family members, She added.
Anandi also recalled the tireless struggle of the people against the draconian act which curtail the right to life of the people.
Chairman of Committee on Human Rights (COHR), Phulindro Konsam while calling on the people about the needs for repealing of the draconian Act AFSPA also stressed on the need for a mechanism to safeguard the resources of the indigenous people and the land.
He added that AFSPA is an instrument to suppress and oppress the people of Manipur.
Highlighting the importance of Right to life Phulindro said that other Rights seems to be of no use if the people doesn’t get their basic right to life.
A person may get enough education or may get good economy all goes in vain if their right to life were curtailed, he added.
He stressed that AFSPA is an act which curtail the right to life for the people of the state.
Phulindro reminded that the ordinance was first made by British during the colonial era to suppressed the Indian Freedom Movement.
Director of peace building action Ningthemcha Bobichand highlighted the need to maintain peace and tranquility at every society for survival, well being, identity and freedom of the people. He added that AFSPA has refrained all the requirement to maintain peace in the state.
He added that people not only want to remove disturbed area status from the state but also to repeal the draconian law from the Constitution also.
A report done by Civil Society Coalition for Human Right’s which was submitted to United Nation Human Rights Committee was also released.
Director of Human Rights Alert Babloo Loitoingbam said that the report presents a gist of the major human rights challenges faced by the people of Manipur and surrounding North East people region of India.
He added that the report primarily focus on the suspension of right to life, the lack of effective remedy, the non recognition of Ethnic minorities, the plundering of Natural resources of the land and political right to self determination.

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Imphal, May 22,

The All Manipur Students’ Union (AMSU) is launching a special scholarship programme for students of the state under the title “Winning our Struggle”.
A statement issued by Lhumpao Lupheng, Publicity and Information Secy. AMSU, said that the scholarship programme is being launched to encourage students in enhancing the spirit of patriotism among the student community. The AMSU launched the scholarship programme under its motto - Learn, Serve, Sacrifice.
Stating that the AMSU has not only been struggling for the Rights of the students’ community but also has been fighting to correct the wrongs in the society. Most of the students who have been spearheading movement for the cause of the state are from the family who live on hand to mouth and AMSU felt the need for supporting such students so that they can continue in the further studies, the statement said.  
“Winning our Struggle” scholarship will be awarded to special students who passed at least in first division and who also participated in every social issues every year to students in class X and XII category respectively. Students who are selected will be awarded a onetime amount of Rs. 10,000/- along with Certificate and memento.
The statement also appealed to contact Bruce Pebam, HRD Secy. AMSU for details.

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Imphal, May 22,

The All Manipur Newspaper and Electronic Media Employees Association (AMNEMEA) has extended monetary assistance to Khunjamayum Amuchou of Keirao Bitra Makha Leikai, who has been undergoing treatment at JNIMS Hospital, Porompat.

Khunjamayum Amuchou, is working as a Circulation Manager of Ireibak Daily Newspaper and has been suffering from an illness since last year.

A sum of Rs. 5000/-  was handed over to him by  a team of AMNEMEA led by Th. Ngaothoi, President, All Manipur Newspaper and Electronic Media Employees Association (AMNEMEA).

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Wednesday, 22 May 2019 17:26

Stop faking and face the facts

Man, being a social animal has to exist with and amongst other humans and in order to adjust and make co-existence possible certain laws and regulations are drawn up to safeguard the welfare of every member of the group or community, curtailing certain personal freedoms and liberties that might infringe on other person’s welfare. This is the basic idea of a social set-up.
Leaders and arbitrators are then chosen to oversee the smooth working of the social system with adequate executive powers as deemed necessary to enforce the same- the Government as we know, create and accept in the contemporary world.
A society, being made up of individual members as well as diverse communities, is bound to come up with conflicting interests and emotions. This is where the quality and the efficiency of the people entrusted to sort out these social issues are being tested. The problems being faced by our society as a collective whole in recent times is uncountable and varied- indeed an intimidating and daunting task for those entrusted to solve them.
Public memory is short lived- or so it is believed. But sweeping away these problems under the carpet and shrouding them with silence, putting the theory about public memory to the test is not the right step towards easing or erasing the problems. Nor is the polished method of prolonging the issues and tiring out the protesting parties to buy time and making these matters fade out of the mind of the public the prudent way of resolving things.
The truth about the existence or otherwise of the much discussed issue about identity crisis, the long pending demand for protection and preservation of the identity, culture and traditions can in no way be subsided as long as the Manipur society exist.  
The one time much debated issue for the introduction of ‘Inner Line permit System’ like legislation and the ‘National Register of Citizens 1951’-
should be clarified by the state government without further ado as the after election scenario cannot be predicted.
There is doubt in saying that there is still simmering social tensions that is
increasingly taking on a communal tone which needs to be addressed immediately lest the state will be thrown into another bout of mayhem. This is not speculation, but reality as the fight in the recently concluded election (17th Lok Sabha Election) was taken in the bitterest way. The hatred among rival candidates has been planted so deeply that the aftermath of the declaration of the election tomorrow may be mayhem in Manipur’s society. There are issues which the government could solved easily and these similar issues also have the tendency to flare up an uncertainty society.
It’s better to wind up the matter before things become irreparably damaged. It needs to speed up the workings of its various departments and deliver the goods in time to avoid and prevent more problems. Genuine issues should be resolved before things gets out of hand and “mob Justice” takes precedence for those whose voices has been gagged for so long and their grievances fallen on deaf ears. Justice delayed is justice denied.

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 Climatology (from Greek klima) or Climate Science is the scientific study of climate, scientifically defined as weather conditions, averaged over a period of time. This modern field of study is regarded as a branch of the atmospheric Science and a sub- field of Physical Geography, which is one of the Earth Sciences. Climatology, now includes aspect of Oceanography and biogeochemistry. Basic knowledge of climate can be used within shorter term weather fore casting using analog techniques. Chinese Scientist SHEN KUO( 1031-1095) inferred that climate  naturally shifted  over an enormous span of time, after observing petrified bamboos found underground near YANZHOU( modern day YAN’AN,SHAANXI Province), a dry climate area unsuitable for the growth of bamboos.
        Climate change occurs when changes in Earth’s climate system result in new weather patterns that last for at least a few decades and may be for millions of years. The climate system comprised of five interacting parts (i) the atmosphere (air) (ii) hydrosphere (water) (iii) Cryosphere (ice& permafrost) (iv) biosphere (Living things) (v) lithosphere (earth’s crust & upper mantle). The climate system received nearly all of its energy from the Sun with a relatively tiny amount from Earth’s interior. The climate system also gives off energy to outer space. The balance of incoming and outgoing energy and passage of the energy through the climate system, determines Earth’s Energy budget. When the incoming energy is greater than outgoing energy, Earth’s energy budget is positive and climate system is warming. If more energy goes out, the energy budget is negative and earth experiences cooling. As this energy moves through Earth’s climate system, it  creates Earth’s weather and long term averages of weather called “Climate Change “. Such change can be the result of internal variability, when natural process inherent to the various parts of the climate system alter Earth’s energy budget. Climate change can also result from external forcing, when events outside of the climate system’s five parts nonetheless produce changes within the system, For example, changes in solar output and volcanism. Human activities can also change earth’s climate and presently driving climate change through global warming.
        Here is a simple definition of global warming (Andyes, it is really happening). Over the past 50 years, the average global temperature has increased at the fastest rate in recorded history. And experts, see the trend is accelerating. All but one of the 16 hottest years in NASA’s 134- year record have occurred since 2000. Global warming occurs when carbon dioxide (CO2) and other air pollutants and green house gases collect in the atmosphere and absorb sunlight and solar radiation that have bounced off the earth’s surface. Normally, this radiation would escape into space but these pollutants which can last for years to centuries in the atmosphere trap the heat and cause the planet to get hotter. That’s what’s known as the greenhouse effect. In the United States, the burning of fossil fuels to generate electricity is the largest source of heat trapping pollution, producing about 2 billion tons of CO2 every year. Coal burning power plants are by far the biggest polluters.The country’s second largest source of carbon pollution is the transportation sector which generates about 1.7 billion tons of CO2 emission a year. India is the most vulnerable country to climate change followed by Pakistan, Philippines and Bangladesh as ranked by HSBC.  The greenhouse gases released by human activities are solely responsible for the warming climate in India. Scientist agree that the earth’s rising temperatures are fueling longer and hotter  heat waves, more frequent droughts, heavier rainfall and more powerful hurricanes. Such events started even in Manipur as we have seen recent deadly storms which was never happened before, flash flood in last year,water scarcity etc. We all know that most of our hills in Manipur have been heavily deforested, even in the catchment areas of almost all our rivers, which causes flash floods during rainy seasons and rivers all dried up during lean season. Most of our one time, water bodies & wetlands have been perished, which stopped our water cycle, disturbing mild climatic system in Manipur, causing many unexpected natural calamities which were not existed at all in the past. In 2015, for example, Scientist said that an ongoing drought in California—the state’s worst water shortage in 1,200 years – had been intensified by 15% to 20% by global warming. They also said, the odds of similar draught happening in the future had roughly doubled over the past century. And in 2016, the National Academic of Science, Engineering and Medicine announced that it’s now possible to confidentially attribute certain weather eventslike some heat waves, directly to climate change.
      The Earth’s ocean temperatures are getting warmer too—which means that tropical storms can pick up more energy. So global warming could turn, say a category 3 storm into a more dangerous category 4 storm. In fact Scientist have found that the frequency of North Atlantic hurricanes has increased since the early 1980s; as well as the number of storms that reach category 4 &5. In 2005, Hurricanes “Katrina” —the costliest Hurricanes in U.S history stuck New Orleans; the second costliest Hurricanes “SANDY” , hit the East Coast in 2012.The impact of global warming are being felt across the globe. Extreme heat waves have caused tens of thousands of death around the World in recent years. And in an alarming sign of events to come. Antarctica has been losing about 134 billion metric tons of ice per year since 2002. This rate could speed up if we keep burning fossil fuels at our current pace, some experts says, causing sea level to rise several meters over the next 50 to 150 years. Each year, Scientist  learn more about the consequence of global warming and many agree that environmental, economic and health consequences are likely to occur if current trends continue.
Here is a smattering of what we can look forward to due to global warming (i) Melting glacier,earlier snow melt and severe droughts will cause more dramatic water shortages and increase the risk of wildfires (ii)rising sea level will lead to coastal floods and eastern seaboard, especially in Florida and other areas such as Gulf of Mexico (iii) Forest, farms and cities will face troublesome new pests, heat waves, and heavy downpours and increased flooding. All these factors will damage or destroy agriculture and fisheries (iv) Disruption of habitats, such as Coral Reefs and Alpine meadows could drive many plants and species to extinction (v)Allergies, asthma and infectious diseases outbreaks will become more common due to increased growth of pollen producing ragweed, higher level of air pollution and spread of conditions favorable to pathogens and mosquitos. So, what shall we do now? Now we all need to understand all these problems and stop or check the factors causing these. It’s we human being to choose whether we should go to hell or heaven.


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Wednesday, 22 May 2019 17:21



The International Day for Biological Diversity is celebrated every year on 22 May to increase the understanding level and awareness of biodiversity related issues.  The United Nations adopted this day to commemorate the adoption of the text of the Convention on 22 May 1992. The main theme for this year International Day for Biological Diversity 2019 is “Our Biodiversity, Our Food, Our Health” which mainly emphasize on biological diversity as the foundation for our food and health and a vital catalyst to transforming food systems and bettering human health.

It is important to spread awareness about human dependence on biodiversity for its existence. We should not forget that we are just one species among the diversity of various life forms that are found in our earth. Complete linkage between biodiversity, ecosystems and the provisions of benefits to human health as genuinely engrained in the strategic plan for biodiversity 2011-20 is of utmost importance for achieving ecological and livelihood security.

According to Cristina Pasca Palmer, present executive secretary of the UN Convention on Biological Diversity “Biodiversity is the food we eat, the water we drink, and it is also the air we breathe. More than that, biodiversity is part of us, as we humans are part of nature”. As per the United Nations Earth Summit (1992) Biodiversity is ‘the variability among living organisms from all sources, including terrestrial, marine and other aquatic ecosystems and the ecological complexes of which they are part; this includes diversity within species, between species and ecosystems’. Biodiversity is part of our daily lives and livelihood, and constitutes resources upon which humanity rely on for its sustenance and survival. Therefore, conservation and sustainable use of biological resources is extremely important and necessary step.

There are numerous benefits provided by biodiversity to humanity. Some of these are (a) Ecosystem services: protection of water resources, soil formation and protection, nutrient cycling and storage, pollution breakdown and adsorption, contribution to climate stability, maintenance of ecosystems, recovery from unpredictable events etc. (b) Biological services: food, medicinal resources and pharmaceutical drugs, wood products, ornamental plants, diversity in genes, species and ecosystems. (c) Social services: research, education and training, recreation and tourism and cultural values.

Inspite of all the important natural services provided by biological diversity there has been constant threat which leads to the drastic decline in the biodiversity globally. Some of the eminent causes for loss of biodiversity are man-made like: Habitat destruction, uncontrolled exploitation, hunting and poaching, conversion of biodiversity rich areas for human settlement and industrial development, extension for agriculture, environmental pollution, encroachments of wetlands, destruction of coastal areas etc. Nevertheless, some of the natural causes like floods, earthquakes, landslides, competition among species, lack of pollination and diseases also cause loss of biodiversity. Apart from these, global warming is also a major threat likely to cause massive impact on the biodiversity.

If the global warming continues unabated in the current trajectory, it is predicted that almost a third of the global flora and fauna could become extinct. As estimated by experts, the current rapid extinction rate is 1,000 times higher than the natural background extinction rate. These rates are much higher than previously estimated and likely still underestimated. So, in future there is probability of further rise in the extinction rates. To add to this disturbing scenario, scientist from Senckenberg biodiversity and climate research centre, Germany have projected that more than 80% of genetic diversity within species may disappear in certain groups of organism by 2080.

In the existing perspective, the role of the Intergovernmental science policy platform on biodiversity and ecosystem services (IPBES) is significantly relevant by performing timely assessment of knowledge on biodiversity on regular basis. The Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) and five other biodiversity related conventions adoption of IPBES as the science policy interface is a strategic development. These assessments will surely further aid in monitoring the progress towards CBD’s Aichi Targets of the Strategic plan for Biodiversity 2011-2020. However, there are many constraints to the struggles for biodiversity conservation. For instance, low priority for conservation of living natural resources, exploitation of natural resources for monetary benefits, inadequate evidence on the values and knowledge about the species and ecosystems, and unplanned urbanisation and uncontrolled industrialisation causes hindrance to the efforts directed towards biodiversity conservation. 

In view of the different benefits of biodiversity to humans whether it is storm surge protection, carbon sequestration, water filtration, oxygen generation and recreational possibilities, maintenance of ecological and livelihood security, conservation of biodiversity is particularly obligatory at this moment. Hence, we should undertake immediate actions targeted towards biodiversity conservation on priority basis and at the same time encourage and increase our support to policies that conserves our valuable natural resources.

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