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Items filtered by date: Wednesday, 10 April 2019 - Imphal Times

Finally Kishorechandra walks out free from Prison; thanks his wife for her stand for justice

IT News
Imphal, April 10,

After over four months in custody, Imphal based journalist Kishorechandra Wangkhem finally walked out of the Sajiwa Central Jail today afternoon. Tears rolls down as he saw his wife Ranjita waiting in front of the Sajiwa Jail who had been fighting all the way to get justice.
“I thank my wife and all those friends from media, rights bodies and activist who have been fighting for me”, Kishorechandra said while talking to media.
Manipur High Court ordered the release of journalist Kishorchandra Wangkhem, who was detained under the National Security Act on Monday. He was arrested on sedition charges on November 21 for posting a Facebook video critical of Chief Minister N Biren Singh and Prime Minister Narendra Modi.
He was booked under the National Security Act on November 27, and on December 13, a board set up to decide on such detentions approved a 12-month jail term for him. On December 20, Kishorchandra Wangkhem moved the High Court against his detention.
Speaking to media person he said that he had expressed his disappointment to the observation of Rani Jhansi as he felt that the state need to be focus more on the freedom fighters of the state who had laid down their life fighting for freedom, as there are demand from sections of people that such should be included in the curriculum in education.
He however apologise the people for using obscene words while expressing his disappointment through social media. But said that the whatever he expressed is for the people of the state.

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CM clarifies on CAB

IT News

Imphal, April 10,

A seemingly desperate move to the series of criticisms from section of people to the BJP party over the inclusion of contentious Citizenship Amendment Bill (CAB) , Chief Minister N. Biren Singh today personally clarified that the CAB will not affect the indigenous people of the state as the manifesto clearly mention that the BJP will make all effort to clarifies the issues to the section of population  from the North Eastern States who have expressed apprehension regarding the legislation that is CAB.

The BJP in its manifesto committed to reintroduce CAB in its point 12 of the manifesto.

  1. Biren Singh said that there are provision in the manifesto which promises to ensure that the unique linguistic , cultural and social identity of the Northeastern States be adequately protected.

The Chief Minister also stated that there are also provision to implement National Register of Citizenship in a phase manner and this will identify the illegal immigrants. He added that when there are promises to protect the identity culture and the language of the people there is no need to worry about the CAB.

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CPI vows to grant greater autonomy for the state; This election is a battle between Secular Democratic forces and the Hindu Fascist -Sotinkumar

IT News
Imphal April 10,

Communist Party of India (CPI) today released its election manifesto promising greater autonomy of the state as well as restoring the special category status of Manipur.
“Promises made in the manifesto of the CPI to grant greater autonomy and to restore the special category status of the state will be converted into action if CPI candidate Dr. M. Nara has been elected”, CPI Manipur State Council’s secretary Sotinkumar assured during a press meet held today at state CPI office here in Imphal.
Sotinkumar said that The 17th Lok Sabha election which is at the door step is a battle between secular democratic forces and Hindu Fascism.
Highlighting the points of the manifesto which dealt with the state issue, he said that they will stand firmed and fight against the contentious CAB until it is scrapped. He further said that they will also focus  on the border pillar issue and will resurveyed it.
He said that to protect the territorial integrity of the state they will amend Article 3 of the Indian constitution and will never allowed to disintegrate the state.
He also said that they will try to increase the number of seats in the parliament thereby giving the people of some areas where they have the right to vote but doesn’t have the right to contest and added that they will try to increase one more seat in the parliament.
Focusing on the agenda of the AFSPA he said that their party will try to remove it from the entire state and also will push it in the Lok Sabha to repeal such colonial act. Referring to the statement of the defence minister where she said that removing AFSPA will demoralised the army, the BJP shows that they will continue to put in effect and support the very act, Sotinkumar said.
To protect the drivers and commuters where they faced a lot of hardships he said that  highway protection force will be enforced on the two lifeline National Highways (NH 39 and NH 37).
He  added that the CPI will make the Manipur People’s Bill get President’s assent to protect the identity and the people of Manipur and added that the party will move for Constitutional Safeguard for the indigenous people of Manipur.
Focusing on the National issue Sotinkumar said that NITI Ayog  will be replaced by Planning Commission.
He finally added that they will try to change the present electoral system into a better proportionate representation system.

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MPP slams National political parties; says they are controlled from Delhi using remote control

IT News
Imphal, April 10,

Advisor of the Manipur People’s Party (MPP) A Amutombi Singh today lashed both BJP and the Congress party for making the youth of the uncertain. Speaking at the sideline of Flag Hoisting ceremony of the Inner Manipur Parliamentary Constituency candidate Oinam Jugindro at his Top Siphai Laxmi Bazar resident, Amutombi said that after Manipur has been annexed by the Indian Union in 1949, many youths are left desperate about their future. And the result was that many had felt their future uncertain and thereby chose wrong path. That was during the Congress ruled and now after BJP government came in power in 2001 Manipur was put on fire, Amutombi said.
He said that those National Political party always wait for “Yes” from the high command and despite the fact that those party which depended on their central leadership had angered the youth more and more as they cannot make a decision on their own without the consent of their high command.
Regional party MPP was set up in 1968 and formed 11 month government under the then chief minister Alimumudin. It was during that time that Amnesty was announced to those youth who had taken arms and wage war against the government, Amutombi said and added that one such emminant personality was late Nongmaithem Pahari who later became the Director of the All India Radio.
Amutombi further said that all the other National political party like the Congress and the BJP are control by their central leadership using remote control. He call on people of the state to sent a person who can make his own decision as per the desire of the people of the state and not under the dictate of the central leadership.
The flag hoisting ceremony was attended by President of the MPP Y. Bhim Singh, Vice President S. Ibomcha and S. Brojen Singh.

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ATRPFM appeals all to elect a competent candidate

IT News
Imphal, April 10,

All Tribal Rights’ Protection Forum (ATRPFM) has appealed to all voters of Outer Manipur to elect a person with clean records and educated person and vibrant personality.
“We need to elect candidate who is educated and young “, a statement by ATRPFM said.
It added that the functions performed by legislators are vital to democracy and there is no reason why they should be held to lower standards than Grade IV employees. Illiterate persons are not employed even as Grade IV employees and certainly would not be considered at all. A MP is to make laws and amend the Constitution. If a person, who is going to make laws and amend the Constitution, is not educated enough to understand the “pros and cons of the laws”, then it would be “disastrous”.
“It is true that even if a person went through higher education, he can still be unsuitable to be a legislator, but to have a legislator who didn’t even go to college or university in the 21st Century is unfathomable. We, as a State, do not wish to be represented by a dumbfounded persona that can’t find the exit or well-spoken and expressed figure that can handle any situation that arise at the moment like CAB”, the statement said adding that  he must not only be efficient but also honest and who can be trusted with confidence that he won’t abuse his position and would be strictly impartial among communities and ready to faithfully carry out his duties as a MP.
He should be abled to talk and represent the issues and wishes of the people of the tribal communities and the State as a whole fearlessly regardless of his affiliation to a political party, the statement of the ATRPFM said.

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EGM to confer award to journalists

IT News
Imphal, April 10,

Editors’ Guild Manipur invites application for Media coverage award of the recently concluded ‘Know your MP Candidate” program for both outer and inner Manipur constituencies. Altogether 16 cash awards in 2 categories (Print & Electronics) for two events on 4th and 8th April 2019 will be given out.  Four special awards for the best coverage will be given to the editors of the media houses. In case of print media, three copies of the news paper must be submitted on or before 1 PM of 12 April 2019 at the office of Secretary of General of Editors’ Guild Manipur at Impact TV, Paona Bazar. In case of other dialect, a translation in English or Manipuri must be accompanied along with the original publication. In case of electronic, one clippings of the news report must be submitted in a soft copy, preferably in flash drive, within the above stipulated time. In case of outstation publication, pdf copy of the news paper may be submitted to the email id This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it..

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AIFUCTO vehemently criticized the Current Higher Education policy

IT News
Imphal, April 10,

The National Executive Council (NEC) meeting of AIFUCTO (All India Federation of University & College Teachers’ Organisations) and Seminar on the topic “Present Scenario of Higher Education in India and Future Prospects” was held on 6th and 7th April, 2019 at Swarna Jayanti Hall, Mohan Lal Sukhadia University, Udaipur, Rajasthan. The two day programme was hosted by Sukhadia University Teachers’ Association (SUTA) and Rajasthan University and College Teachers’ Association (RUCTA), and the event was inaugurated by Prof. Indravardhan Trivedi, former Vice Chancellor of Mohan Lal Sukhadia (MLS) University as the Chief Guest of the seminar. NEC members from all over the country participated in the seminar. The seminar was chaired by the Vice-Chancellor of MLS University, Prof. J.P.Sharma.  
Federation of Central University Teachers’ Associations & DUTA President, Prof. Rajiv Ray was the Keynote Speaker. Prof. Keshab Bhattacharya, President, AIFUCTO; Prof. Arun Kumar, General Secretary, AIFUCTO; Prof. Vijay Ary, General Secretary, RUCTA; Prof. Pradeep Parashar, Zonal Secretary, AIFUCTO; Dr. Devendra Singh Rathore, President, SUTA; Dr. Giriraj Singh, Joint Secretaries - Dr. Harish, Dr. Nadeem Chisty, Dr. Praveen Pandya and delegates from other states participated in the discussions and expressed their views about the present scenario and future prospects of Higher Education of India. All the speakers vehemently criticized the Current Higher Education policy of the Central Government and cautioned that if the lacuna are not redressed, it would be disastrous for the future of India.
On Second day (07.04.2019), NEC meeting was held. The NEC of AIFUCTO expressed its grave concern on the attitude and action initiated by the Central Government to dismantle the whole set up of education, especially the higher education in favour of corporate and private players. The NEC opined that the government, on the direction of NITI Aayog, has decided to mortgage the Higher Education of India in the hands of national and international corporations on the dictates of WTO.
The resolutions of the NEC are summarised as -
1.    AIFUCTO unanimously resolved to call upon the teaching fraternity of India, especially the University & College teachers to support & vote in favour of those parties/candidates who are ready to support the following issues.
a)    To save and strengthen public funded education system;
b)    10% GDP for Education;
c)    Permanent appointments on all vacant posts;
d)    Implementation of Old Pension Scheme;
e)    Absorption of all adhoc teachers & Implementation of service condition and  pay scale for the Part-time, Guest and Block grants teachers;
f)    Withdrawal of HEFA, Graded Autonomy etc.  
2.     The AIFUCTO - NEC condemned the suspension and arbitrary transfer of Teacher Leaders in Tamil Nadu, who participated in the state-wide JACTTO-GEO (Joint Action Committee of Teacher Organisations & Government Employees Organisations) Indefinite Strike insisting the Implementation of Old Pension Scheme and other demands. AIFUCTO demands the Hon’ble Chief Minister and Education Minister of Tamilnadu to revoke the transfer of TNGCTA and other Teacher Leaders immediately.
3.  AIFUCTO also resolved to request the Chief Minsters of Punjab, Himachal Pradesh, West Bengal and Manipur to implement the 7th UGC Pay Scale, failing which the State Organisations of the respective states will be compelled to start campaigning against the respective governments of these states during the Lok Sabha Election and to launch movements after the Election.
AIFUCTO National Executive Council calls upon the University & College teachers across the country to initiate well organized and united action during the current Lok Sabha Election for the cause of “Save Campus, Save Education, Save Nation”.  

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“CAB ” Factor Faded

Many critic say, “Inclusion of Citizenship Amendment Bill (CAB) issue in the Election Manifesto is an insult to the people of the North East”. But many in the BJP front are justifying the inclusion of CAB issue in the BJP party Manifesto saying that the reintroduction of the CAB which had failed to even table in the Rajya Sabha , thereby collapsing the Bill will do no harm to the North East Region including the state of Manipur.
The way the CSOs, Students’ Bodies and other civil society organizations responded to the inclusion of the contentious CAB issue is also surprising. A new comer who missed the entire show of mass protest and uproar when the NDA regime passed the Contentious CAB Bill to the Lok - Sabha would definitely feel that the CSOs and the people of the region do not have much problem with the introduction of the CAB as none targeted the Bulls eye.  Thanks to one group of CSO called PAM which boycotted the BJP for inclusion of CAB issue in the election Manifesto. If the issue of CAB is serious and people of the state vehemently opposed it then there is no reason to expect another uproar to the ruling BJP.
‘It’ didn’t happen. Manipur sons of the soil who are cadres of the BJP and who had close affiliation with the BJP remain silent this time. What is more interesting is that civil society leader who had strongly opposed the contentious CAB during series of debate in public platform have today openly support the BJP candidate for the Inner Manipur Lok Sabha Poll scheduled to hold on April 18.
The people of the state had seen apprehension to the face of the Chief Minister at that time when there was public uproar in the state against the BJP’s stand for passing of the Bill at Rajya Sabha. The Chief Minister even took credit of not tabling the CAB to Rajya Sabha saying that it is his government effort that the CAB was not tabled in the Rajya Sabha. Time and again the people of the state heard the Chief Minister N. Biren Singh saying that he will urge the center to insert a clause that might exclude North East Particularly the state of Manipur from the purview of the CAB even though everyone knows that the concept of inserting a clause to exclude the state from the purview of the Bill is next to impossible. The words of the Chief Minister might have been used time and again as he and his party may have thought that 60% to 70% of the people of the state have no idea of CAB. This is being assumed after hearing a BJP spokesperson said that CAB will not affect BJP as over 60 % to 70 % of the people of the state do not have the idea of what is there in CAB during a discussion hour at a local TV discussion programme.
Today, a BJP,  MLA – Radhakishore openly said that CAB is the need of the country. He had openly said that BJP will surely re-introduce CAB if come to power.
It is now crystal clear that among others BJP is bringing back the contentious CAB Bill and convert it into law. The uproar and the criticism have been shut and now the BJP have the guts to come out in public in support of CAB. One wanders how the magic works. One wanders how a one time leader of a CSO openly supports the BJP candidate when he had many times criticized the Bill during discussion hour at Public platform.
The way the Indian election works is either on muscle and money power and not on the issues that matters the state of Manipur. Because every knows the fate of the state on what would happen if the contentious CAB is converted into law of the country.

“Cyber Security”- the need of the hour.

By: Sanjenbam Jugeshwor Singh.

Computer  security,  Cyber  security  or  information  technology  security  (IT  security)  is  the protection of computer system from theft or damage to their hardware, software or electronic data as well as from disruption or misdirection of the services they provide. The field is growing importance due to increasing reliance on computer system, the Internet and wireless networks such as Bluetooth and Wi-Fi and due to the growth of smart devices including smart phones, television and various tiny devices that constitute the Internet of things. Due to its complexity both  in  terms  of  politics  and  technology,  it  is  also  one  of  the  major  challenges  of  the contemporary world.  
       A vulnerability is a weakness in design, implementation, operation or internal control. Most of the vulnerabilities that have been discovered are documented in the common vulnerabilities and exposure (CVE) database. An exploitable vulnerability is one for which at least one working attack or exploit exist. Vulnerabilities are often hunted or exploited with the aid of automated tools or manually using customized scripts. To secure a computer system ,it is important to understand the attacks that can be made against it, and these threats can typically classified as(i)  Backdoor  in  computer  system  ,a  cryptosystem  or  an  algorithm  is  any  secrete  method  of bypassing  normal  authentication  or  security  control  (ii)  Denial  –of-service  attacks(DoS)are designed  to  make  a  machine  or  network  resource  unavailable  to  its  intended  users(iii) Direct-access attacks, which is an unauthorized user gaining physical access to a computer is most likely able to directly copy  data  from  it.(iv)  Eavesdropping  is  the  act  of  surreptitiously  listening  to  a  private conversation  ,typically  between  hosts  on  a  network.(v)  Multivector,  polymorphic  attacks ,surfacing in 2017 ,a new class of multivector, polymorphic cyber threats .(vi) Phishing is the attempt to acquire sensitive information such as usernames, passwords and credit card details directly from users.(vii) Privilege escalation describes a situation where an attacker with some level of restricted access is able to without authorization ,elevate their privilege or access level.(viii) Social Engineering aims to convince a user to disclose secrets such as passwords ,card number etc.(ix) Spoofing is the act of masquerading as a valid entity through falsification of data such as IP address or username in order to gain access to information or resources that one is authorized to obtain.(x) Tampering describe a malicious modification of product.  
       Many people think of cybersecurity as a highly technical challenge, one that consumes the brain power of technical experts, however the general public plays a vital role in cybersecurity. If cybersecurity & cybercrime deterrence are not treated as priorities, the rate at which system and data are abused will continue to rise, further undermining the public’s trust in technology. The growth in the number of computer systems and the increasing reliance upon them of individuals ,businesses ,industries and government means that there are an increasing number of system at risk, which may be financial system, utilities and industrial equipment, Aviation, Consumer devices  ,Large  corporations,  Automobiles  ,  Government,  Internet  of  things  and  physical vulnerabilities, medical systems, energy sector etc. Serious financial damage has been caused by security breaches but because there is no standard model for estimating the cost of an incident, the data available is that which is made public by the organization involved. As with physical security, the motivations for breaches of computer security vary between attackers.
       In  computer  security  a  countermeasure  is  an  action,  device,  procedure  or  technique  that reduces a threat, a vulnerability or an attack by eliminating or preventing it by minimizing the harm it can cause or by discovering and reporting it so that corrective action can be taken. Some  common  countermeasure  are:  Security  by  design,  security  architecture,  Security  measures, Vulnerability management, reducing vulnerabilities, Hardware protection mechanisms ,Secure operating systems, secure coding ,capabilities and access control lists, end user security training, response to breaches. Incident response is an organized approach to addressing and managing the aftermath of a computer security incident or compromise with the goal of preventing a breach or thwarting a cyber-attack.  Incident response planning allows an organization to establish a series of best practices to stop an intrusion before it causes damage. Four key components of computer security incident response plan are: preparation, detection & analysis, containment, eradication & recovery and post incident activity.  Some  of  the  important components of Network security are- Anti-virus and anti-spyware, Firewall to block unauthorized access to your network, intrusion prevention system (IPS) to identify fast-spreading threats  such as  zero day or zero hour attacks and Virtual Private networks((VPNs) to provide secure remote access.  
       International legal issues of cyber-attacks are complicated in nature. There is no global base of common rules to judge and eventually punish, cybercrimes and cybercriminals and cyber security firms or agencies do locate the cybercriminals behind the creation of a particular piece of malware or form of cyber-attack ,often the local authorities cannot take action due to lack of laws  under  which  to  prosecute.  The role of government is to make regulations to force companies and organizations to protect their systems, infrastructure and information from any cyber- attacks but also to protect its own national infrastructure such as the national power grid. In India some  provisions  for  cyber  security  have  been  incorporated  into  rules  framed  under  the  Information  Technology  Act  2000.The  National  Cyber  Security  policy  2013  is  a  policy framework by Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology (MeitY) which aims to protect the public and  private  infrastructure  from  cyber-attack  and  safeguard  information  such  as  personal  information  (of  web  user),  financial  and  banking  information  and  sovereign  data. CERT-In  is  the  nodal  agency  which  monitors  the  cyber  threats  in  the  country.  The Indian Companies Act 2013 has also introduced cyber law and cyber security obligations on the part of Indian directors. Some provisions for cyber security have been incorporated into rules framed under the Information Technology Act 2000 updated in 2013.On the top of all these legality, what we can do simply is  educate yourself and others on the preventive measures you can take in order to protect yourself as an individual or as a business. 

Some of the important tips about cyber security that we common  people  can  do    are: become  vigilant  when  browsing websites,  flag  and  report suspicious e-mails, never click on unfamiliar links or ads, use a VPN whenever possible, ensure websites are safe before entering credentials, keep antivirus/ application system up to date,  use strong passwords with 14+ characters.

RGU ranked among top 100 Universities in India by NIRF

From a Correspondent
Itanagar, April 10,

The Rajiv Gandhi University (RGU) has been ranked among the top 100 Universities in India by the National Institutional Ranking Framework (NIRF), Ministry of Human Resource Development, Govt. of India.The rankings were announced by President Ramnath Kovind at New Delhi on Monday and comprises the ranking among the 907 Universities in the country.
Chairing a meeting held to discuss the ramifications of the ranking, RGU Vice-Chancellor Prof Saket Kushwaha said that it is indeed a great achievement of the University and expressed deep appreciation to the RGU team and the stewardship ofChief Rector and Governor of Arunachal Pradesh Brigadier (Dr.) B. D. Mishra,former VC Prof Tamo Mibang for the achievement. He lauded the efforts of the team of Director of the Internal Quality Assurance Cell Prof Amitava Mitra, Prof Utpal Bhattacharjee (CSE), Chemistry Head of Department Rajesh Chakrabarty, Head of the Department of Computer Science and Engineering Ani Taggu and Firos A, Asst Prof also of the CSE for their contributions in facilitating the evaluation process with the NIRF.
 “We at RGU try our best to relentlessly follow the mandate of the University. As the only Central University in the State, our role goes beyond just providing access to higher education and pushes us to contribute in the best manner to the socio-cultural development of the Arunachal society. Continuing to excel in the NIRF rankings is not an option for us at the University. I believe that it is a must”, he said. Prof Kushwaha extended his gratitude to the Govt of Arunachal of Arunachal Pradesh as well as its active civil society for supporting RGU all through its evolution and said that the University will continue to strive to excel and work with a collective vision to take RGU to the top 5 of the NIRF rankings.
RGU Registrar, Prof Tomo Riba said that the University has constantly been focused on a core value of expansion- in its outreach and inreach initiatives, its enrollment, its fair and diverse recruitment as also ensuring better access to the best in higher education. “Our efforts have now resulted in this and we are really much encouraged by this recognition”, he said.
Applauding this achievement of the University, both the Rajiv Gandhi University Students’ Union (RGUSU) and the Rajiv Gandhi University Scholars’ Forum (RGUSF) congratulated the students, research scholars, faculty members and administration of RGU for the good work accomplished. Terming it as a matter of great pride not only for the University but also for the state, the key student bodies of the RGU expressed hope that this benchmark of performance would continue in the years to come and assured the students’ contributions in the best manner.
The rise in rank for the RGU from 124 in last year’s ranking to 99 signifies a watermark achievement in the RGU’s evolution. Considering its location in the border state of Arunachal Pradesh, with it’s own challenges of connectivity, communication and lack of adequate resources, this achievement of the RGU really stands out as a salute to the efforts put in by University fraternity. Not only has this brought the University in the same league as the other 99 top Universities in the country but has also opened up avenues for better collaborations and partnerships considering that this ranking is a major criteria for even international funding institutions. With the recent visit of the delegation of the European Union and the USEIF to the RGU campus, this ranking comes as great boost to its credibility and efficiency.
It is interesting to note that 7 Universities from the northeast region from feature in the list of top 100 Universities with NEHU, Tezpur University and RGU among them, while at the same time even some major states do not feature in the list. Tamil Nadu tops the list with 20 Universities, followed by Maharashtra with 11 and Karnataka with 10.
The National Institutional Ranking Framework (NIRF) was launched by the MHRD, Govt of India in September 2015and has been published since 2016. Its framework outlines a well-defined methodology to rank institutions across the country. It has identified broad parameters for ranking various universities and institutions, mainly in Teaching, Learning and Resources, Research and Professional Practices, Graduation Outcomes, Outreach and Inclusivity and Perception.

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