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Thursday, 05 December 2019 - Imphal Times

Think tanks roll heads on the security paradigm in North East India; NSCN-IM still actively involved in extortion and other criminal activities in Manipur – Dr. Najma Heptulla

IT News
Imphal, Dec 5

Think tank from across the country particularly the high ranking highly decorated retired officers from the Indian Army, Assam Rifles and the civil administrators today rolled heads over the security paradigm in the North East region in a seminar organised  at City Convention here in Imphal.  The seminar organised under the theme “Changing Security Paradigm in North East - Implications & Imperatives” by the Assam Rifles under the aegis of HQ Director General, Assam Rifles was inaugurated by the governor of Manipur Dr. Najma Heptulla.
Speaking on the occasion Dr. Najma Heptulla stressed on the relevance of the seminar with the present day context.
“Though the NSCN (IM) is under cease fire with the Government of India, they are still actively involved in extortion and other criminal activities in Manipur.  Likewise, the UG outfits belonging to Kuki, Hmar, Paite and other tribes, which have entered into Suspension of Operation (SoO) are also found involved in incidents of extortions.  Cases of extortion have also been reported against the valley-based UG outfits which have entered into a MoU with the Government”, the governor of Manipur Dr. Najma Heptulla said.
The governor also mentioned about the series of incidents that disturbed social harmony, robbing of peace of the society even on trivial matters or disputes, violence - both localized and even widespread on account of communal differences and so on.  
“Loot, extortion, arson, destruction of properties, subversive activities committed by various unknown miscreants and loss of human lives are well-known consequences of such happenings and the Peace loving citizens of the society not only feel concerned about it, but are also worried”, Dr. Najma Heptulla said adding that the seminar  will be helpful in critical analysis of changing security paradigm in North East India, identify implications and imperatives and establish a vision for overall growth and development of the region.  
Resource persons from CENERS –K , a Research Centre for Eastern and North Eastern Regional Studies, Kolkata, DoNERs and MHA spoke about the present security scenario and other aspect of political and social importance, during the seminar held in two sessions.
The first session discussed about the North East Region Security Environment & Challenges and was deliberated by  panelists  - Retd. Lt. General JR Mukherjee , Retd. LLt. General AK Sahni, Retd.  Secy of RAW and IB KC Verma , IPS among others.
The second session deliberated on the Act East Policy 2 and Border Management with Retd. Lt. General KJ Singh giving opening remark on the importance and the need for the Auspicious Act East Policy.
The Indo – Myanmar relationship at the border at which an Indian family whose bedroom is in the Indian side and the kitchen on the Myanmar territory m which explain the vicinity of the two countries was expressed as a rare of the rarest phenomenon seen in the entire globe said panelist Retd. Lt. Gen. JR Mukherjee.
Retd. Secy of RAW and IB KC Verma in his speech said that multiple issues flooded the North East states and said that he is not sure of the unpredictable situation that may arises due to the NRC and CAB in NE states. The issues about the NSCN-IM and its settlement is also discussed in depth with a panelist saying that the word Naga is a new invention and is still not accepted by the original Naga thereby creating multi problem towards the road to peace.
The two session also elaborated on the external interference. China’s aggressive character, Myanmar uncertain political situation , Bangladesh’s inability to sustain economy among others were discussed.
On the other hand Secretary of DoNER Ministry while speaking on the occasion said that there has been mistrust among the people towards the government of India. He said that fund sanction for development had not been implemented properly and has not been reached to the people of the land.
ADGM of the M&C) Ministry of Home Affairs , Vasudha Gupta talk on the role of media.     

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MNS demands SRC throughout the country

IT News
Mumbai, Dec 5

The Maharashtra Navnirman Sena (MNS) has demanded that close on the heels of the National Register of Citizens (NRC) of India, the State Register of Citizens (SRC) of  India, should be made applicable for the entire country to prevent Inter- state “illegal” migration of people.
In response to announcement by union home minister Amit Shah in ongoing session of the Parliament, that the NRC would be prepared for every state in the country, MNS leader Sandip Deshpande in a tweet, has demanded that SRCs be set up in every state so that “illegal” migration will be automatically controlled and “sons-of-the soil” will not be deprived of jobs. “There is heavy migration of people from the states like UP, Bihar, Jharkhand in Maharashtra and Delhi and the population of these states swelling. With a population of over 126 million, Maharashtra is the second largest state in India after Uttar Pradesh”  he added.
Shah told Rajyasabha in the ongoing session, that “no person, irrespective of religion, needs to fear due to NRC and the Assam govt will extend financial help to people with no money to approach tribunals. The NRC will not be based on religion, he said. In his speeches outside the Parliament, Shah has repeatedly claimed that the Modi government would implement the NRC all over the country and “throw out infiltrators” from every inch of India, before the 2024 general elections.
While MNS has demanded implementation of SRCs throughout the country, the system of Inner Line Permit (ILP) which began in colonial rule, under the Bengal Eastern Frontier Regulation Act, 1873, is still functional in certain part of the North East India. ILP system restricts the entry and regulates the stay of outsiders in designated areas. ILP is a document that allows an Indian citizen to visit or stay in a state that is protected under the ILP system. The system is in force today in Arunachal Pradesh, Nagaland and Mizoram — and no Indian citizen can visit any of these states unless he or she belongs to that state, nor can he or she overstay beyond the period specified in the ILP.
The Union government has not specified any cut off for the proposed NRC yet. While several North eastern states are demanding the NRC, several non-BJP states have turned down the idea. According to unofficial sources, around 50 per cent of the 1.9 million excluded from the NRC are Hindus, the core vote bank for the saffron party.
As per of NRC, foreigners’ tribunals (FTs), quasi-judicial bodies will be set up to determine the citizenship of a person in India. So far, FTs exist only in Assam which hear appeals of those whose citizenship is under question by the Assam Border Police and those who have been excluded in the final NRC list.
Untill now, the Assam was the only state with detention centres housed inside existing jails. The construction of the first and largest official detention centre in Goalpara began in September this year. The camp, to be built at a cost of Rs 45 crore, is expected to hold 3,000 detainees.  
The Union Government has already began groundwork, to set up detention centres in certain parts of the country. One such detention centre for “illegal” immigrants has already been built in Sondekoppa in Nelamangala, around 40 km from Bengaluru,  in Karnataka,  while 3 acre plot of land for such centre has been identified in Navi Mumbai in Maharashtra. However the authorities in Maharashtra have denied links of this centre with the NRC and have maintained that the centre is being set up to detain offenders of illegal passport cases.  
The implementation of NRC first began in Assam after Indo-Bangladesh war of 1971. The Assam accord fixed March 25, 1971, as the cut-off date for determining anyone’s right to claim Indian citizenship. This special exception-granting citizenship to those who entered Assam between 1947 and 1971-was made only for Assam. According to Article 6 of the Constitution, applicable in the rest of the country, anybody from East or West Pakistan, who enters India after July 19, 1948, must apply for citizenship.

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Rapist convicted; sentence hearing on December 7

IT News

Imphal, Dec 5

Special Judge POCSO Imphal East, Maibam Manojkumar today convicted 28 year old Md Basir Ahmed under section 10 of POCSO Act for committing penetrative sexual assault upon a minor victim on June 10,2014.

The court also fixed December 7 for the sentence hearing to announce the quantum of punishment against the convict.

Soon after the judgment was announced the convict Md Basir Ahmed 28 S/o (L) Md Iboyai of Kshtrei Mayai Leikai who was on bail in connection with the case was arrested from the court and taken to Manipur Central jail to remand him under judicial custody.

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Confusing the constitution

“WE, THE PEOPLE OF INDIA, having solemnly resolved to constitute India into a SOVEREIGN SOCIALIST SECULAR DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC and to secure to all its citizens: JUSTICE, social, economic and political; LIBERTY of thought, expression, belief, faith and worship; EQUALITY of status and of opportunity; and to promote among them all FRATERNITY assuring the dignity of the individual and the unity and integrity of the Nation”.
It is this preamble that the nation’s constitution was framed 395 articles in 22 parts and 8 schedules at the time of commencement. At present the nation’s constitution consist 448 articles in 25 parts, 12 schedules, 5 appendices and 98 amendments. All amendments are done under the preamble.
The equality mention here envisages that no section of the society enjoys special privileges and individuals are provided with adequate opportunities without any discrimination. All are equal in front of law. The word secularism which was added later says that India is a country where any citizen can chose any religion.
Article 14 which stated that all citizens are equal before law and that the State shall not deny to any person equality before the law or the equal protection of the laws within the territory of India and also prohibit discrimination on grounds of religion, race, caste, sex or place of birth.
The Citizenship (Amendment) Bill,2016 is the direct violation of this Article 14 of our constitution.
 When it comes to the state of Manipur it is already a known fact that Protected Area Permit System which had been imposed in the state has been lifted but continues for foreign tourist from Afghanistan and China. When the country restrict tourist from Afghanistan in visiting the state of Manipur, what actually is the agenda of accepting the illegal migrants base on religion from Afghanistan be granted citizenship for those entered before December 2014.
A concept - illogical to Foreigners’ Prohibition Act.
Well on the issues about the illegal immigrant - many times, the state of Manipur was put under turmoil with people protesting urging the government for framing of legislation. The influx of illegal immigrants had already threatened the existence of the indigenous communities of the state. During early eighties, student bodies upraised and the state was put under turmoil with the protest reaching its momentum. The agitation was settled only after signing of an agreement with the government of that time and then representatives of the All Manipur Students’ Union, however the unfortunate part is that the content of the memorandum signed between the two have never been converted into reality.
To the leaders of the BJP both at Centre and State – ‘Manipur was burnt 2001 when there was a BJP led government in the centre. And this time too when BJP is at the Centre Manipur is likely to burn with another sentimental issue. Make sure that the ugly party of the BJP doesn’t return to this state which was once an erstwhile Kingdom in Asia. Or else people might not have other option to undergo beyond expectation.

Remembering Dr. B.R.Ambedkar: A Discourse on Tribal Justice & Legacy of Ambedkarism

Dr.Aniruddha Babar
(PhD, MA, LLM, DHRL)
This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

“Justice has always evoked ideas of equality, of proportion of compensation. Equity signifies equality. Rules and regulations, right and righteousness are concerned with equality in value. If all men are equal, then all men are of the same essence, and the common essence entitles them of the same fundamental rights and equal liberty… In short justice is another name of liberty, equality and fraternity.”
~ Dr. B. R. Ambedkar
As we can see that from the mid-19th century onwards, the British Raj invested a lot of intellectual energy and material efforts attempting to explore and understand the mystery of caste and tribe, leaving behind humongous amounts of scientific records written by anthropologists, ethnologists, military officers, administrators and adventurers in India many of which were based on their direct experiences and field research. These texts primarily explain the dominant narrative that was prevalent around that time, when ideas such as the “martial race theory”, the “inward migration theory” and the “original inhabitant theory” were explained through the lens of Victorian anthropology and Political kaleidoscope. It was the time when the politics of ‘Ethnic Identity’ and notion of ‘Tribal Nations & Nationalism’was taking its primary shape. The census exercise, which involved enumeration of vast bodies of people starting in the 1880s, was a direct result of the intellectual imprints and multidimensional transitions then recorded in the world of the ‘unknowns’. In the 1920s, categories of caste, tribe and religion were broken up into smaller categories, which to this day influence politics in the subcontinent to great extent.
The Indian Constitution recognized two social groups as especially disadvantaged: the scheduled castes, known in everyday language as Dalits; and the scheduled tribes, commonly known as Adivasis or Tribals. Both groups are extraordinarily heterogeneous in their composition; divided by language, clan, religion, and forms of livelihood. There is absolutely nothing in common between a Matang in Maharashraand a Jatav in Uttar Pradesh, except that both can apply for a government job under the ‘SC’ quota. There is absolutely nothing in common between an Irula in the Nilgiri Hills of Tamil Nadu and a Gond in the Mahadeo Hills of Madhya Pradesh or Garo from Garo Hills, except that they can apply for a government job under the ‘ST’ quota. However, something that can bring the members of Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes together on a single platform is a social condition that they have been subjected to, the suffering that they share and the discrimination that they witness in the larger political, social, cultural, religious spectrum of India. These broken men of India who were the victims of the system saw the light of liberation when Dr. B.R.Ambedkar’s strong and promising voice echoed in their dark ghettos.
Dr.Ambedkar’s battle was against the systematic oppression that sanctioned and sanctified by religion. His battle was quite unique in the sense that he had to fight with the British oppression as well as oppression that predominantly exist in Indian society at the behest of Hindu religion.Owing to the situation that was ALSO prevalent during the days of Ambedkar since thousands of years; the tribal as well as dalit communities both has equally been made the victims of discriminatory practices as well as inhuman treatments and atrocities.
Dr.Ambedkar clearly identified the social, economic and political backwardness of tribal communities. He observed thatTribals are the sovereign people in themselves living free life without any external influence from outside society since time immemorial. They used to have absolute autonomy over their land, forest and all natural resources however; these privileges were lost when Britishers arrived with their so called ‘civilized’ laws and hostile rules and regulations against the interests of the tribal population. The role that East India Company played in violating the rights of the poor tribals with the Barrel of the Gun was unparalleled in the modern history of India. Company not only exploited their labour but also looted their natural resources-the wealth that the tribals have inherited from Mother Nature. Economic exploitation was a major feature of Tribal policy of British government. They constructed roads; railways to transport raw materials from the virgin forests of India back home to England. The sterling pound got its strength from the wealth of India looted by British Raj. Moreover, the so called non-tribal, high caste, socially and politically privileged civilized population infested with the notion of caste supremacy never gave equal social treatment to tribal aborigines, as forever they remained ‘impure savages’, ‘Junglees’, ‘Demons’ (Rakshasas, Asuras) in the eyes of caste-ridden Indian society. The Tribal population in the north east part of India too could not escape from the axe of inhuman discriminatory practices like that of ‘Untouchability’. In the then Kingdom of Manipur when the valley peopleMeteis (who were originally Animists) started converting to Hinduism under the influence of a Hindu Priest named ShantidasGosai in 18th century not only their religious rituals and understanding about the divinity changed but also their social fabric which was free from the notion of discrimination and social stratification also affected, moreover, their relationship with the Hill People (The Nagas) have dramatically transformed as they started to consider and treating them as ‘impure’ or ‘untouchables’. Further, it is pertinent to note that intermarriage between the people of valley and the hills had been practised in Manipur. The Kings of both valley and the hills had wives from both the places which supply concrete evidence as to the absence of any discriminatory practices like untouchabilitywhich became widespread and turned out to be an integral part of the culture only after the arrival of the Hinduism in valley. Similar kind of instances has been found in case of relationship between the Nagas of the then Naga Hills and the non-tribal people from the plains in the nearby regions.
Dr. B.R. Ambedkar was fully aware about the social, political, cultural, religious and economic realities, historical facts and the social status of Tribals in India.He knew that Tribal population was never safe in British Raj and will never be safe in independent India unless and until their rights are properly secured in the steel frame of the Constitution of India. The understanding of Dr.Ambedkar about the ‘truth’ of Tribals especially that of the northeast India can be understood from one of his speeches that he delivered as a Chairman of the Drafting Committee at Constituent Assembly. While replying to the debate on the discussion on the constitutional fate of the tribes of northeastDr. B. R. Ambedkar, Chairman of the Drafting Committee of the Constituent Assembly vehemently argued: “…... The tribal people in areas other than Assam are more or less Hinduised, more or less assimilated with the civilisation and culture of the majority of the people in whose midst they live. With regard to the tribals in Assam that is not the case. Their roots are still in their own civilisation and their own culture. …….. Their laws of inheritance, their laws of marriage, customs and so on are quite different from that of the Hindus. I think that is the main distinction which influenced us to have a different sort of scheme for Assam from the one we have provided for other territories. In other words, the position of the tribals of Assam, whatever may be the reason for it, is somewhat analogous to the position of the Red Indians in the United States, as against the white emigrants there. Now, what did the United States do with regard to the Red Indians? So far as I am aware, what they did was to create what are called Reservations of Boundaries within which the Red Indians lived. They are a “Republic” by themselves. No doubt, by the law of the United States they are citizens of the United States. But that is only a nominal allegiance to the Constitution of the United States. Factually they are a separate, independent people. It was felt by the United States that their laws and modes of living, their habits and manners of life were so distinct that it would be dangerous to bring them at one shot, so to say, within the range of the laws made by the white people for white persons and for the purpose of the white civilisation. I agree that we have been creating Regional and District Councils to some extent on the lines which were adopted by the United States for the purpose of the Red Indians.” By looking into the fundamental truths of the conditions of the TribalsDr. B.R Ambedkar drafted 5th Schedule for the provisions related to the administration and control of the scheduled areas and scheduled tribes and 6th schedule to deal with the administration of tribal areas in the four northeast states of Assam, Meghalaya, Tripura, and Mizoram. 6th Schedule also constituted Autonomous District Councils and Regional Councils with powers to makes laws for management of land, forests, jhum cultivation, appointment or succession of chieftain or headman, social customs etc. Further subsequent to these special provisions, Art. 275 (1) of the constitution provides for grant-in-aid from the central government to the state for promoting the welfare of the scheduled tribes and the development of scheduled areas. Also, Art. 244 in part X of the Constitution extends special system for protection and administration for certain areas designated as scheduled areas and tribal areas. Moreover, Dr.Ambedkarobserved that it is not sufficient to protect the natural rights of indigenous tribals over their own life and natural existence, however they must also be protected from the social discrimination and atrocities and should alsobe provided with guaranteed growth trajectory for economic independence and progress so that they would not merely be instruments in the hands of majority of population and therefore, to secure the life and dignity of the TribalsDr.Ambedkar made a provision for Scheduled Tribes Commission and sealed the fate of tribalssecurely by virtue of article 342 of the Constitution. Further, provisions regarding Fundamental Rights (Art. 12-35), Directive Principles of State Policies (Art 36-51) also became instrumental in securing the rights of Tribals. Apart from these special provisions, Babasaheb also made necessary provisions for the political as well as social representation of Scheduled Tribes by virtue of ingraining Affirmative action policy in the constitution which is also known as ‘Reservation Policy’ in India. Owing to the Constitutional Justice delivered by virtue of Affirmative Action policy the doors to Social participation, Education, Administration and the Political Power has been opened for Tribal people who have been treated lesser than the animals by the discriminatory cultural practices of Indian society.
While addressing to the problems of Tribal population government of India adopted three approaches namely Isolationist approach, Assimilation approach and Integration approach. However, none of the approach completely worked because the people in the centre were never in the position to understand complex problems of the complex tribal societies inhabited in different parts of India since time immemorial. There is an evidence to prove how the Tribals were subjected to the cultural hegemony by getting exposed to the alien culture and practices unknown to them which resulted in mass conversion from erstwhile animistic belief system to some mainstream religions. Conversion of Tribals might have opened the doors to ‘modern’ world to them, however that did not help them to break the invisible chains of slavery and insult and walk the road to reach the desired destination. What religion could not do, Constitution of India has done to some extent. Acts like Scheduled Caste/Tribes (Prevention of Atrocities) Act 1989 has provided necessary armour to the ‘Broken Men’ of India, which not only instil confidence in them but also developeda necessary fighting spirit. The dark evil of untouchability and perpetual social humiliation was destroyed and permanently annihilated by Art. 17 of the Constitution of India. It was all made possible due to only one man that is Dr.BhimraoRamjiAmbedkar who is fondly known in every corner of the world as ‘BABASAHEB’.
Whenever the discourse on Constitution of India is initiated the question regarding the actual contribution of Dr. B.R. Ambedkar is often raise by ‘Manuvadi’ brain.
(To be Contd.)

Assam Rifles recovers drugs worth more than Rs 150 crores in a single day in Manipur

IT News
Imphal Dec.5

In a major breakthrough, a joint team of Assam Rifles and State Police recovered a large quantity of drugs in two separate operations in the state in a single day.
On the first instance, based on specific information an operation was launched by troops of Assam Rifles in Sada Kumbi area in Thoubal district. During the operation, two individuals identified as Wungreingam Awungshi and Ning Khan were apprehended, both the apprehendees confessed to their involvement in illegally running a underground processing lab in the area and further supplying drugs to the youth of Manipur and Nagaland. During detailed search, the joint team recovered approx 41.3 Kg of Heroin Brown Sugar (Solid), 10 liters of Morphinated (Liquid), Rs 2.8 lakhs cash and drug processing equipment. The assessed value of the recovered drugs is more then Rs 150 crores.
In another operation 02 December at Khudengtabi, troops of Assam Rifles intercepted a suspicious White Coloured Swift Car driven by Mr Md Amar Shah, age 24 yrs, r/o Monijing Wangmatba. After a thorough check of the vehicle, the team recovered 40,000 WIY tables valued at more than Rs 1.2 Crore.
The apprehended individuals and the recoveries have been handed over to the Police for further investigation.

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