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Monday, 30 December 2019 - Imphal Times

Today’s generation needs to follow the idea which is dear to Lamyanba NK Sanajaoba ‘One for all, all for one’”

IT News

Imphal Dec 30

The 83rd Birth Anniversary of Lamyanba NK Sanajaoba organised by NK Sanajaoba Memorial Trust was held today at Lamyanba Shanglen. 

Remembering Lamyanba NK. Sanajaoba and his work for the land, Vice President of NK Sanajaoba Memorial Trust, Sh. Shamu said that today’s generation needs to followed the idea dear to NK Sanajaoba ‘One for all, all for one’.

He pointed out that the memorial trust believed that there is the need for the demand of self determination relentlessly.

Speaking as the speaker of the memorial lecture, Professor of Anthropology Department Manipur University, MC Arun said that NK Sanajaoba was not a fundamentalist or a Meitei centric, he hated the political scenario of his time. His vision was to have a new idea of Manipur different from his contemporary ugly political system. 

Defining patriot as selfless love of one’s country and its polity Arun claimed that Sanajaoba was not a patriot as he hated the political scenario of his time but wanted to leap forward for a new Manipur. 

What Sanajaoba wrote and investigated was not just to highlight the wrongs in the system but the system itself which is the problem inherent in the system, he maintained.

Arun stressed that he was a political revolutionary garb in a journalist coat with a mission and a political vision. 

Claiming that NK Sanajaoba was a thinker, revolutionary, ideologue and a journalist he said that remembering him only as a journalist would be an injustice to him. 

He further stressed that NK Sanajaoba is a brand name of a new idea in the history of Manipur and the new idea grew out of the struggle and the experimentation taken up within itself in the new historical conditions, tirelessly, fearlessly and courageously without ceasing.

He also questioned what would NK Sanajaoba highlight with the present crisis of Citizenship Amendment Act.

Earlier Floral tributes were also paid to late NK Sanajaoba.

Associate Professor HOD Philosophy Laimayum Bishwanath Sharma and Assistant Professor, Department of Economics, Manipur College Lairenjam Gojendro attended as the discussants of the memorial Lecture and Chairman of NK Sanajaoba Memorial Trust, Lokendro Arambam moderated the Lecture.

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Tributes paid to Oja Sanajaoba remembered on 74th Birth Anniversary

IT News

Imphal, Dec. 30

74th Birth Anniversary of Prof. Sanajaoba popularly called by his follower as ‘Oja’ was observed today at Royal Academy of Law , Oinam.

In connection with the observance jointly organised by the Oja Sanajaoba Memorial Trust , Manipur and the Royal Academy of Law , Oinam, Manipur, 10th Oja (Prof. N. Sanajaoba Memorial Lecture on the ‘Emerging Challenges of Human Rights in Manipur – CSO & State intervention’ was held with Khaidem Mani, Chairperson of the Manipur Human Rights Commission as the Speaker.

Dr. N. Pramod, Associate Professor, LMS Law College, Imphal and Advocate Ch. Surjit gave their observation on the lecture delivered by Khaidem Mani.

The inaugural function of the Memorial function was graced by the speaker of today’s lecture Khaidem Mani, Chairperson of the Manipur Human Rights Commission, Prof. N. Rajmuhon Singh, Former Dean , School of Mathematical & Physical Sciences , Manipur University, Prof. N. Nimai, Head of Department of Physics , Manipur University and Irengbam Jugeshwar , Principal , Royal Academy of Law, Manipur as dignitaries.

Earlier before the memorial lecture, fitting floral tribute was paid to the portrait of Prof. N. Sanajaoba. 

Born on December 30, 1945 at Singjamei Makha Naorem Leikai, Prof Sanajaoba grew up in extreme poverty and his family shifted from one place to another. As a student, he took part in the mass movement against artificial famine which took place in the State in 1965. He was the first elected president of the All Manipur Students’ Union (AMSU).

After graduating from DM College, he studied Law at Gauhati University. He secured second position in LLB course and first position in LLM.

He obtained PhD degree as an independent scholar without taking help from any guide, Bhubon said.

As a Law student and teacher, he focused his studies on legal philosophy, legal jurisprudence, human rights, international law, international humanitarian law and administrative laws.

Some of the books written/authored by Prof Sanajaoba include Manipur: Past & Present which is divided into several volumes, Manipur: Treaties & Documents, International Human Rights and A Manual of International Humanitarian Laws.

Moreover he wrote a number of features and articles on law, human rights, science, philosophy, politics and armed conflicts, Bhubon said.

Prof Sanajaoba expired on December 13, 2009, the day the third revised edition of his book Manipuri Puwari Kunmathoishuba Chahicha was released.

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North East Dialogue Forum condemns arrest of Silchar Herajit and RK Ichan Thoi

IT News
Imphal, Dec 30
 
North East Dialogue Forum (NEDF) expressed strong condemnation on the action of Silchar Police for arresting Seram Herajit, Secretary of Assam Indigenous Peoples Protection Committee (AIPC) and also the President of Manipuri Youth’s Front on December 27, 2019 at around 3.30 pm.
A statement by media coordinator said that arrest of the Indigenous Leader fighting for the rights of the Indigenous Peoples is strongly condemned by NEDF.
“We have been observing that the people fighting against the injustice committed by the state are arrested one after another. Arrest of Herajit is not the only matter however, we also strongly condemn the arrest of RK Ichan Thoi by the Imphal West Police on the 12th of December, 2019”, it added.
It further said that the violation of Article 19 (1) of the Indian Constitution by the state is very unfortunate and we considered as a threat to the democracy. Being a civilian and a concern citizen of the country a person has every right to express his /her grievances to the government as the government is elected by the people and has to act for the people.
The Forum appealed the government for unconditional release of Seram Herajit of Silchar and RK Ichan Thoi of Manipur immediately and to respect the voice of the people. It also appeal the government to respect the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples and the mandate of UN Special rapporteur on the right to freedom of Peaceful Assembly and Association and UN Special rapporteur on the right to Freedom of Opinion and Expression.

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Fast track court sentences rapist of 10 years rigorous imprisonment

IT News

Imphal, Dec. 30

Binny Ngangom Additional Session Judge Fast track court Crime Against Women Manipur today sentence 40 year old Ginsuonmung Zou of Tangizol village to undergo rigorous imprisonment of 10 years along with a fine of Rs 1 thousand for committing a crime of rape of then 6 year old minor under section 376 of IPC

 Ginsuonmung Zou was convicted by the same court on December 20 after the trial of the case

The incident of rape was reportedly took place on July 31, 1998 

The convict was on run after the incident and was arrested on October 24, 2016 by Singhat police station in connection with the case.

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Man arrested for attempt to murder wife remanded in judicial custody

IT News
Imphal, Dec, 30

Judicial magistrate First class Imphal West II today remanded 35 year old Thangjam Umakanta of Mayang Imphal Konchai Makha Leikai into judicial custody remand till  January 13, 2020 on allegation leveled against him for attempt to murder his wife.
The alleged accused husband Thangjam Umakanta s/o Ibopishak of Mayang Imphal Konchai Makha Leikai was produced before the court by a team of Mayang Imphal Police station after completion of police custody remand along with a prayer for remanding into judicial custody remand.
Thangjam Umakanta was arrested based on the complaint lodge by the father of the victim (father-in-law) stating that the alleged accused had an attempt to murder his daughter (wife of the accused) by setting on fire by pouring kerosine on December 24 at around 3 pm .
The victim is stated to be presently undergoing treatment at Shija Hospital in serious condition

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De Jure Exile Govt. of Manipur wants to overthrow India government

IT News
Imphal, Dec 30

Self proclaimed Chief Minister of the De Jure Exile Government of Manipur in London, Yambem Biren in a statement said that their government had resolution to overthrow the de facto Indian Government for a good change to establish a de jure and de facto Government of Manipur by conducting a general election under the legal constitution Manipur State Constitution Act,  1947 in the year 2022.
Justifying the resolution taken by the government, the statement said that Indian Government is an alien government and has been ruling Manipur against the history and culture and destructing social fabrics of the society, misguiding our classic history and culture even frequently tried to evict of our dynasty king/Maharaja from the palace of Manipur and tried to disappear de jure sovereignty of our king and our State. It alleged that the Indian are colonizing in our inherent land and attacked to disappear indigenous hill and valley people of Manipur.
The statement further said that the  alien  Indian  Government  killed  many  innocent people  of the land  by  imposing  the  draconian  laws  since  overthrown  the  constitutional Government of Manipur and illegally annexed Manipur to India by the Indian Government and forcibly occupying our State by the Indian.  
“There  are  many  arms  groups  to  fight  the  Indian  forces  for  the restoration of the independence of Manipur from India, arising conflict between the India and Manipur as well as arising various issues at uncontrolled scale some  of the  main  complex  and  critical  issues  are  the  status  of independent sovereign State of Manipur changes and remained as a Chief Commissioner’s Province of Delhi up to  1951  and becoming a Part “C” State of India up to  1956 and then become a Territorial Council under the Territorial Council Act  1956 and then Manipur remained as a Union Territory up to 31  December 1971 and then  Manipur  become  an  autonomy  State  of  India  on  21   January   1971.
“Autonomy is not a sovereign.  Many draconian laws of India are operating in Manipur under  the  Republic  Constitution  of  India  including  Arms  Forces (Special Powers) Act  1958 and killing many innocent people by the violation of human rights since the occupation of Manipur. There are more than 1528 cases of the extra-judicial killing which are pending in the Supreme Court of India.
“They killed without trial of law. It is a permission to kill the people of Manipur by the Indian Armies.  Manipuri human right activist Irom  Chanu  Sharmila, known as the “Iron Lady of Manipur” sixteen-year long fasting began in 2000 to protest against the controversial Armed Forces (Special Powers)  Act  1958 and Brave women of Manipur nude protests in front of the Indian army Cantonment gate against their series of inhuman torture and killing of innocent people of Manipur and imposing   Restricted Area  Permit now Protected  Area Permit in Manipur,  and arises complex issues  such  as Territorial Dispute  between the Manipur and Myanmar (Burma),  Inner Line Permit Demand,   Scheduled Tribe Demand and Anti-Tribe Demand, Hill District Autonomous Demand, Kuki Home Land Demand, Naga Home Land Demand, Separate Administrative Arrangement Demand, Naga Integration Demand, Opposing Manipur Merger Agreement, Pre-merger Status Demand, Kabaw Valley issue, Economy turmoil, Unemployment problems and poor development, Misguide education system, Racism - killing of Manipuri  in  mainland  India,  Burn down  State  Library,  18th  June  Upraising, Burndown State Assembly, Manipur People Protection Bill, Citizenship Amendment Bill, Ethnic Clash among different communities,  Hidden war between the Indian Armies and Militants, Militants problems of the different ethnics,  Human Right Violation, Series of inhuman torture and killing of innocent people, Clash among the Local Militants, Naga Territorial expansion Demand of NSCN (IM) , Demand of Territorial  Council  in  Naga  inhabitant  area,  Child  Girl  Trafficking,  Drug Trafficking,     Drug  Abuses  among  the  Youths,  Alarming  the  AIDS  and  HIV diseases, Influx of Illegal migrants,  Influx of outsiders, Threatening indigenous Culture and Traditions, Threatening Peace and Security in the State. Every kind of violence is increasing and spreading in Manipur like a wildfire. The life of the people of the occupied State is suffering from any kind of incident accounting to fake    encounter,    illegal    detention,    internecine    killing,    custodial    killing, extrajudicial   killing,   torture   and   degrading   in   custody,    rape,    ransom, kidnapping,   money  extortion,   hijack,  bomb-blast,   strike,   bandh,   Highway blocked, curfew, ethnic clash etc. etc. In fact, the life of the people of Manipur is completely unrest and paralyzed. In fact, there is no peace and security in the State.  These  are  the  resultants  and  consequences  of illegal  annexation  and forcibly occupation the sovereign State of Manipur by the Indian Government”.

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The state of the economy in the dark times in the mainland and Manipur

The International Monetary Fund, which has always praised the Modi government, has said that India is facing a slowdown. Economists have termed this slowdown, the Great Indian Slowdown. Both the former Reserve Bank of India Governors, Raghuram Rajan and Arvind Subramaniam have claimed that India is facing an economic slowdown. Nobel laureate economists Abhijit Banerjee has similar views on the matter. This reveals that even those economists who support the existing market driven economic system are not very happy with the state of Indian economy. India is facing an unemployment crisis. Agriculture production is also in crisis. People do not have money and consumption in rural India has sharply declined. All these are reflected in the growth of India’s Gross Domestic Product. GDP growth rate reached a new low in this quarter, 4.5 percent. This should worry the government. Economists have claimed that the worst is not over yet. Now learned economists are cursing the bold measures of this government, demonetisation and GST.
While all these are happening in economy, political chaos has become the new normal. Kashmir is still under heavy military repression with no internet. In all the non-BJP states in mainland India political mobilisation against CAA and all India-NRC are happening. In BJP ruled states, mass protests, violence, state repression, mass detentions, arrests and above all police firing have happened. BJP has started a mass campaign in favour of CAA. The country will now discuss CAA. Though CAA is the most political of all the matters in the air now and it is rightly so, the focus must also be given to economic realities of the dark times. The protests in mainland India have started incorporating the economic angle. Economy and politics must go hand in hand and in our analysis, they must figure together. Experts tell us that the political crisis will further impact the economy. BJP leaders, as one has accepted in public, were not prepared for the protests they are facing when they passed the CAA in the parliament and IMF also revealed that the down turn of Indian economy was surprising. Both in economy and politics, it seems the ruling party at the centre is in damage control mode now.
Can a conflict ridden poor state like Manipur remain unaffected by the slowing economy in the mainland? The answer is obvious. When it comes to Manipur, the state has always been poor. But now the overdrafts have returned.  The Economic Survey of Manipur 2018-19 reveals that Gross State Domestic Product for agriculture, forestry and fishing has declined gradually since 2015 when calculated at constant prices. For the year 2016-17, the GSDP for this sector was Rs. 269945 Lakhs at constant prices.  It declined in the next year to Rs 265085 Lakhs and further declined to Rs. 263909 Lakhs in 2018-19. The prices that the farmers got while selling their paddy has also declined. The price that a farmer receive while selling a quintal of paddy, according to this survey report, in 2016-17 was Rs. 1593 and in the next year it fell to Rs. 1550 per quintal for the autumn paddy. For the winter paddy, the prices fell from Rs. 1636 to Rs. 1612 per quintal for the respective years.  However, the wholesale price of milled rice has steadily increased and also the retail price has increased. It means that neither the farmers nor those purchasing rice from the retail shops have been benefited.
Gross State Domestic Product in primary sector, which includes manufacturing, electricity, gas, water supply and construction, calculated at constant prices has also declined steadily since 2015. The only silver lining comes from the service sector where there is a steady growth. The per capita remains quite low compared to other north-eastern states and much lower than the national average.  We should also remember that more than ten lakh people in Manipur are living below the poverty line since 2011, according to the poverty estimate of the then planning commission data released in 2013. It means that more than ten lakh people live on less than forty rupees per day in this state. Though the conflict, as claimed by the government has drastically reduced in recent years, we do not see any drastic improvement in the state’s economy. If we take the data of industrial production for July 2017-18 and July 2018-19 and compare it, there is negative growth of forty percent. We see similar declined for the month of May and June for the respective years.  The economic survey report of 2018-19 admits the issues in agriculture, manufacturing and employment. The report claims that “despite persistent efforts made by the Government, the state continues to be an industrially backward state.” It further reveals that “despite the crucial importance of this primary sector in the state’s economy, the irregular and erratic behaviour of monsoon accompanied by inadequate irrigation facilities have resulted in severe fluctuations in agricultural production.  Agriculture becomes a living proposition rather than a commercial proposition.” When it comes to unemployment, it says that “due to ever-increasing number of educated job seekers including technical and professional job-seekers, the problem of unemployment is continuing to be a matter of serious concern to the state’s economy.” These revelations are not new. These sentences have been copied and pasted from the earlier economic survey reports of 2016-17, 2015-16 and 2013-14. We will find the same sentences without any change in these earlier reports. It seems neither the reality nor its analysis has changed even though we are living in a new Manipur, as claimed by the political leaders in the state government. Lastly, a question remains. How are we going to call this our good days when it is both politically and economically very grim?

About Failed “Real Madrid”& Climate Change!

By - Abhilash Borah

Imagine a world where there is no water to drink. Imagine a world where individuals are fighting against each other just to get a glass of water. And imagine a world where there is no peace, and just chaos, disturbance and fights among individuals, regions, nations leading to a catastrophic disaster that is all certain to log out humanity from the system we call, mother-earth. Complete self-activated deletion from mother-earth system!
Observations and scientific evidences have repeatedly informed the civil society that the earth is transforming, that precipitation and temperature trends of the planet has altered beyond its normal pattern and manifesting into heat waves which have never been felt in the countries of temperate regions like France andGermany in 2019, and extreme cyclones like Fani in Indian subcontinent to Hurricane Dorian in the American continent. The climate is changing its behavior abnormally and it’s not natural, and is unlikely able to cater to the needs of consumers who have been recklessly depleting, exploiting, and eliminating the life-giving resources that mother-nature has to offer to satisfy our more-than-required-thirst for objects.
Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change [IPCC]finds and repeatedly has disseminated that if the world doesn’t take active steps to mitigate rising greenhouse gas emissions where carbon-dioxide levels has already crossed a dangerous 400 PPM in the atmosphere, which have been since 1800s only rising exponentially, the world would have a further rise of average mean temperature by 2 degree Celsius. It is leading to a catastrophic existential threat that is certainly all set to open a Pandora’s box of unforeseen events like never before by 2050 and the end of this hi-tech 21st century where we are so much involved in upgrading our Artificial Intelligence to the next level that we have actually forgotten, or honestly, overlooked to upgrade our basic common sense and ethical understanding of what should be done when crisis is just at the doorstep, both for us and our future generation who are likely to live on this planet in the year 2999.
However, series of evidences, scientific calculations, and notifications have not been able to shake the fluctuating emotions of civilians who tend to use and throw plastics at its whims, and more importantly, global world leaders who sign up huge commitments on Memorandum of Understanding [MoUs] where promises into action are only left to be delayed.
In this instance, the nations have only postponed the things that are important. For say, Chile, which was supposed to hold the UNFCCC COP25 summit, due to turmoil in their regular political economy, was unable to take care of the highly important event, got ultimately shifted to Madrid, Spain which is widely revered for its tourism beauty and football culture by population across the globe, and it was highly anticipated that some “Real Madrid” winning moment would emerge from the climate negotiations. Where Real Madrid led by Cristiano Ronaldo does create wonderful headlines, but unfortunately what was supposed to be of “Real” concern didn’t materialize to “Real Madrid” talks and it just got postponed until further times. So the Madrid talks have failed and this is not a good omen. Nations have yet again failed to reach a definite consensus on how to tap its growing greenhouse gases emissions budget, take care of its commitments which is ethically of prime importance more than ever before, and how to take more active, evidence-generating steps to mitigate climate change.
Global superpower United States of America under its Supreme Leader Donald Trump, once upon a time, has already declared,climate change to be hoax, while small island developing nations et al.are gasping for funds which they were supposed to receive under the Paris Climate Agreement to build their houses, schools, other infrastructure, and economy with the help of developed nations. Real commitment is nowhere to be seen, and the funds released are too minuscule when compared to the promised $100 billion per year to developing nations.
And we are here at 2020 and the commitments, promises, and the so-called ambitious targets for a sustainable world seems too dull and amidst the failure of UNFCCC’s COP25 Madrid talks, all things are just going awful, haywire and gloomy as we enter the new decade of the 2020s.     So, are things too bad? Yes it is. But there is hope as well, as legend says where there is a will, there is a way. And the will is shown by TIMES person of the year, Greta Thunberg who has been amazingly taking the lead to mobilize young minds’ opinions at the world stage and make sure the voices of young people for climate change is heard loud and clear, by leading the “Friday’s For Future Campaign” across the world from Latin America to the Southeast Asian region. It is unfortunately not taken seriously making a mockery of Greta’s achievementby the leader of the sole superpower of the world, Donald Trump of USA, which is ironically also most responsible along with other developed countries for creating the mess of emissions in the atmosphere which is now killing millions of children due to pollution, generating climate migrants/refugees turning people homeless, national security issues worldwide, and making women work harder to get the share of water to do the household chores in faraway sub-Saharan African regionetc., including men too to do the agricultural-cum-livestock works.
While things seems hopeless, it is inspiring to see countries like India and China are now taking the lead to transform its fossil fuel mobility industry into the electric vehicles frontier in a bid to remove usage of non-renewable resources. India has taken the leadership role in establishing the International Solar Alliance platform to fasten solar-enabled infrastructure across the world along with France. And China is fast forwarding its transportation infrastructure where it has 99% of the world’s electric two wheelers and more than 100 companies making electric-cars. That’s inspiring to know when both the just mentioned above countries are infamously known to be among the top three nations who emit greenhouse gases, along with most number of deaths related to air pollution.
So what do we need right at the moment? We all need strong compassion towards our ailing mother-nature than anything else, understand deeply and make an attempt to adapt to the changing climate and be honestly ambitious about our future to work towards where emissions are reduced, flora and fauna have their habitats intact, ocean acidification reduces, pollution stops creating respiratory problems, and where the biggest goals of the current generation, the highly earth-changing Sustainable Development Goals 2030 are on road to be achieved sooner.
Can we achieve the goals? Indeed, we can. The world now needs another “Montreal Protocol” moment. It is observed that ozone layer have shrunk and is about to fully restore its original health by 2070, and be ready to protect mother-earth from harmful ultraviolet radiations. This consensus which was signed in 1980s did prove that multilateral efforts can bring absolute results in solving earth problems, and indeed everyone must, once again, take the lead to overcome our differences and work collectively, towards a greenbolization world, with a greenbolized society. [green+globalization=greenbolization].
It is up to us what do we want. Do we want a world without potable water to drink? Or do we want to create a green, bright, and sustainable future. I choose the second option. Because the first option is simply too frightening, and I do neither wish for a world of conflict nor fights among our universal brethren. Let’s make a choice to upgrade our emotional intelligence and make it stronger than our quest for Artificial Intelligence applications in this anticipated happy New Year, 2020!

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