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Wednesday, 13 November 2019 - Imphal Times

Students and Meira paibis continue to throng at the residence of MLAs; Police fires tear gas shell to disperse protestors

IT News

Imphal, Nov 13

A large number of protestors who tried to throng in to the residence of MLA Paonam Brojen at Wangjing Tentha in Thoubal district were dispersed by a police team by firing tear gas shell. The Meira Paibis and locals who were staging protest under the aegis of the COCOMI had a strong confrontation with a police team who intervene them on their way. The police team later fire tear gas shells and dispersed the protestors. 15 protesters were reportedly detained by the police team.  The Meira rally which started from Wangjing Hodamba Pukhri Achouba Lampak was organised by All Wangjing Youth Organization.

On the other hand, several students of Yairipok area, including volunteers of AMSU Thoubal district committee and other Students in Yairipok area storm the residence of MLA Meghachandra’s house located at Yairipok Bishnunaha at around 11.45 am on Wednesday.

The MLA was not available at his residence at the time. However, they spoke to the PRO of the MLA and submitted their demands to him. The PRO assured the students that he will convey their demands to the MLA. Prior to the storming at the MLA’s residence, the students took out a rally in and around Yairipok road, shouting slogans like “Long live Manipur” and “Do not destroy harmony”. The students also shouted slogan demanding the MLA to announce his stance on the Naga peace talk issue in order to safeguard Manipur’s territory.

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Governor warns Ukhrul DC for declaring holiday on 73rd Naga Independence Day

IT News

Imphal, Nov. 13

Deputy Commissioner of Ukhrul District, Joseph Pauline Kamson (IAS) has been issued ‘warning’ in the name of the Governor of Manipur for declaring holiday on 73rd Naga Independence Day celebrated on August 14 , 2019 under the directives of the TSK and NSF by violating the CCS(Conduct) Rules, 1964.

The Deputy Commissioner of Ukhrul District in an order dated August 13, 2019 issued through the Assistant Commissioner to him, had served notice for declaration of Holiday on August 14, 2019, in connection with the 73rd Naga Independence Day to the Chief Executive Officer, ADC Ukhrul and Zonal Education Officer, Ukhrul.

The Department of Personnel and Administrative Reforms (Personnel Division) of the Government of Manipur on receiving the holiday notice directed the DC Joseph Pauline Kamson to submit his written explanation within 7 days from the receipt of the notice as to why disciplinary action should not be taken up against him for the violation of CCS(Conduct) Rules, 1964 on August 27, 2019. On September 7, 2019, Joseph Pauline Kamson submitted his response which was not satisfactory to the Government. Following that the Governor of Manipur issued a “warning” against him to be careful in handling sensitive issues in future.  

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CPI State Council Imphal East stages rally; Chief Minister’s appeal fails to calm the people

IT News

Imphal, Nov 13

Chief Minister N. Biren Singh’s appeal to remain calm as his government has full trust to the central leadership and the Union Home Minister to the assurance for safety of the Territorial Integrity of Manipur fails to convince the people and the COCOMI which has been undergoing various form of protest demanding disclosure of the Frame Work Agreement signed between the Government of India and the NSCN-IM.

Communist Party of India, Manipur State Council, Imphal East also joined the alert demonstration by staging rally in Imphal East. Leader of the CPI State Council Sotinkumar along with large number CPI members staged the rally at Khurai Lamlong area. The CPI State Council demanded immediate special session of the state Assembly. Various slogans which read – “No Division by the Indo –Naga Peace Accord, We Oppose the undeclared Naga Framework Agreement” were displayed during the protest.

On the other hand, large number of people staged an alert demonstration at Lilong Chajing , in Imphal West. The protestor then staged a rally and thronged to the residence of CAF and PD Minister Karam Shyam today afternoon.

At Yairipok in Thoubal district too large number of students staged rally demanding disclosure of the Naga Framework Agreement.

Under the aegis of COCOMI, Coordinating Body of Khurai in collaboration with Khurai Angom Apunba Nupi Lup also staged alert sit in protest at Yumjao Lairembi Mandop.  Similar protest was also staged at Kangla Siphai by the Meira Paibi and club members at Kangla Siphai Community hall. Protestors said that the talks between India government and NCSN-IM should not content any harm that affect the territorial integrity of Manipur and continued to disclose the points that have been include in the frame work agreement between Government of India and NSCN-IM to the public of Manipur. In order to make pleased for the NSCN-IM the Government of India should not try to break the territorial integrity of Manipur. Slogans such as “Long Live Manipur” were raised by the protestors.

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Likeminded people connected through Social networking site provide assistance to disabled family

IT News

Imphal, Nov 13

A group of people who share common platform at popular messaging app Whatsapp called Awa Nungai 24x7 Paodam group today visited the family of one Menjor at Khongjom Leibung Leikai and extended monetary assistance and edible items. Menjor could not work after having backbone problem and his son is mentally unstable and his daughter have to live by support from Menjor as she could not walk and get up alone due to physical disability. Menjor wife left the three for heavenly abode. The story of the family highlighted through social networking site drew the attention of Social Welfare Department and the Director of the Department along with his staffs had visited and process for providing all possible government assistant has been taken up. On hearing the news more people visited to Menjor family and extended all form of support to Menjor since then.

Today the members of the Whatsapp group called Awa Nungai 24x7 Paodam visited the family and provided monetary assistant of Rs. 10,000/-. Besides, mosquito nets and edible items including rice and dal were also handed over.

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DAMMS decried resolution by CSOs on Pangal identities of Manipur

IT News

Imphal, Nov 13

Delhi  Association  of  the  Manipur  Muslim  Students (DAMMS) has strongly reacted to the taking of certain resolution in connection with the settlement and identity of Pangals of Manipur by  a  group  of  mainstream    civil  society organisations

A statement by DAMMS said that as the topic of the seminar was on the identity of the Pangals and its relationships to other communities, proper invitations should have been given to all important stake holders in time. It added that the DAMMS sees a conspiracy in making  since  the  stakeholders  included  in  the  seminar  are  politically  aligned  to  different groups and ideologies. In an atmosphere where the civil societies are highly divided into interest  groups,  an  open  discussion  with  inclusive  representation  could  have  given  an appreciative result.

The DAMMS while appreciating the initiative of the organisers in trying to understand the Pangal  society  better,  which  is  in  fact  the  need  of  the  hour;  however,  considered  that matters  related  to  the  identity  of  the  Pangals  have  to  be  discussed  and  decided  with maximum participation from the Pangal community.

The DAMMS statement said that there seems a constant effort to fabricate the history of the Pangals by the very people who spread propaganda about the population of the Pangals in Manipur through Manipuri films, and the torch-bearers of the groups called Ukal, Mesia, and likes.

The DAMMS said that the Pangals (Muslim soldiers from Taraf) were not ‘war captives/prisoners of war ’in 1606 of Manipur. The  origin  of  Pangals  is  basically  ascribed  to  two  points  in  time:  one  group  of  scholars began to claim that they commenced their settlements in Manipur before the seventeenth century and another group of scholars who disputed the first assumption argued that they came  from  Sylhet,  now  in  Bangladesh  in  1606  AD  and  organised  their  inhabitants  in Manipur during the reign of king Khagemba (1597-1652 AD).The Pangals are a population living  in  Manipur  since  the  16th  century,  though  the  size  increased  in  1606  with  around 1000 Muslim soldiers from Taraf agreeing to stay back in Manipur through a three-point truce.

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AR conducts security meet

IT News
Imphal, Nov 13

Chandel Battalion of 26 Sector Assam Rifles under the aegis of HQ IGAR (South) conducted security meet at Battalion Headquarter, Chandel on 11th November 2019.
The security meet was attended by 60 villagers to include village chiefs and village authority members from Chandel. During the meet, the locals were sensitised and updated on the current situation existing in the area of responsibility. Discussion on necessary measures to be undertaken for maintaining a strict vigil against illicit activities in the area as well as future action plan of civic action projects was undertaken.
The Commandant also enlightened them about the various schemes being undertaken by the Assam Rifles. Commandant apprised them about the inauguration and establishment of various skills training centre at Battalion Headquarter location under the aegis of National Development Skill Corporation. Emphasis was laid on the modalities of enrolment in these skill classes and the benefits of the same in improving one’s personal and financial status. He also briefed them regarding BADP projects, Op Sadbhavana projects and Assam Rifles Civic Action Projects.
This effort was appreciated by the attendees and they requested to conduct such informative gathering frequently.

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Sand War - A deadly war against mother Earth

Sand is one of the most consumed natural resources on the planet. The United Nation estimates that mining of sand and gravel may exceed 40 billion tons a year. Due to high demand for sand that planet’s resources are now being threatened; then-quarries of the World’s beaches are already in declined. Sand is used in our daily life in numerous ways. Houses, skyscrapers, bridges, airports and sidewalks are all partially comprised of sand, making it an essential requirement for the construction booms happening around the World. Sand is also the source of silicon dioxide or silica, a mineral found in our wines, cleaning productsand the detergent, paper, toothpaste and astounding variety of other products we use on daily basis. Sand is also required for manufacturing the microchips inside our computers& smartphones. It’s almost like air we breathe. But the sector swallowing up the most sand is the construction Industry. More than half of the World’s population now lives in city. By 2030, the UN expects 60% of the people to live in urban settlements. Building and expanding cities requires concrete and asphalt, both made with sand. We don’t think too much about it, but you can’t live without it
In parts of the World, scarcity of sand has triggered smuggling band or sand mafias- to plunder beaches and rivers for this highly prized commodity. A lot of people who control the sand mafia also control a lot of the construction materials business in Bombay as well as construction itself. They also control the administration through their political contacts so that just completes the whole Nature chain-right from extraction to construction, the profits in each part of it, the administration and the police. As a result, the mafias are just adding to the pressure facing the world’s beaches. Sand war investigates the ramification of the depletion of sand as a resource, taking as around the world to witness this new gold rush first hand. Sand and gravel are the most extracted materials in the world. The UN believes that sand and gravel or aggregates account for up to 85% of all mining activity around the world measured in weight. While sand might seem like an abundant resource, it is being mined at a pace much faster than its natural renewal rate. A 2014 report by UN estimated that globally more than 40 billion tons of sand and gravel are extracted every year.Singapore is just one example of a metropolis with a sand addiction. Between 1990 t0 2017, the city state’s population nearly doubled from three million to 5.6 million. Meanwhile the city’s land area has grown through extensive land reclamation from 581.5 sqkm in 1960 to 719 sqkm in 2016-a 24% increase. Reclaiming 1sqkm of land from the sea cost up to 37.5 million cubic meters of sand is required. In 2016 alone, Singapore imported 35 million metric tons of sand. In July 2017, Cambodia banned all sales of sand to Singapore, citing environmental ground. Malaysia in 1997, Indonesia, Cambodia and Vietnam in 2007 had already put restriction on sand export to Singapore. But these restriction have given rise to a flourishing smuggling trade. So called Sand-mafias have proliferated elsewhere. According to Times of India, illegal sand mining is worth2.3 billion US dollars in Tamil Nadu alone.Not all kinds of sands are suitable for use in construction. Desert sand is considered too fine. As a result, sand is taken from beaches and dredged up from rivers and seabed on industrial scale adversely affecting ecological system.
Poyang Lake in China’s Jiangxi province is thought to be the World’s biggest sand mine. An estimated 236 million cubic meters of sand is taken out of the Lake every rear. Satellite images taken by NASA show how this has changed the landscape of the northern reaches of Poyang Lake. NASA reported that sand mining affected the Lake’s ecological integrity by contributing to less predictable seasoned water fluctuations and to a series of recent low water events according to ecologists. Dredging sand from sea bed is destroying local flora and fauna. Mining of Ocean and beach sand is contributing to the erosion of beaches. In Indonesia, two dozen Islands are believed to have disappeared due to sand mining. Negative effects on the Environment are unequivocal and are occurring around the World; the UN noted in its 2014 report.Meanwhile, policymakers have been slow to respond to the depletion of sand. The current level of political concern clearly does not match the urgency of the situation; the UN stated. The World is only slowly walking up to the fact that another finite resources is slipping through our fingers. In India sand is now almost as valuable as gold. A massive construction boom is driving demand for concrete- and sand is the essential ingredient. But a shortage of legal sand means there is plenty of unmet demand. Organized criminals are seizing the opportunities, pillaging millions of tons of sand from nation’s beaches, rivers bedsand hillsides. Farmers in the US say booming sand –mining Industry is threatening their future. The sand is vital to help extract oil and gas from deep underground. However, environmental activists say the mining is having disastrous effects on the environment.
In India, sand mafia runs rampant. In Singapore, sand is more costly than oil and the desert city of Dubai needs to import sand from Australia. Dubai is a fairytale world. Nearly 6,000km to the south east of Dubai is Singapore which stockpiles sand. It imports massive amount of this resource and keeps it as a reserve, comparable to a strategic stock of oil. Singapore needs to continue to grow –the city state has increased its land mass by 22% in the 50 years. Initially it was easy. Its neighbors sold  their sand but now it has been either stopped or banned. The entire international sand business became a political mine field. Populations tends to dislike the idea of selling pieces of their country for the purpose of expanding another country especially if violence against them and their environment is involved. In some cases, the export went underground. According to anti-corruption watchdog “Transparency International”, in Cambodia, (themost corrupt country in South-East Asia) - contracts worth millions were still ongoing with official involvement. In practice companies dig sand in vulnerable natural areas and local fisherman lose their key capital: fish. Investigation reporting has shown that this happened in Vietnam also for the illegal export of sand to Singapore. The sand mafia also swept 24 Indonesian Islands off the map to sell the sand in Singapore. This caused a dispute over the exact location of the International border between Singapore and Indonesia like that ofSand war in 1963 between Algeria and Morocco. Today it become ever more obvious that the scarcity of sand across the World is spreading and affecting all of us. The growing sand shortage is putting sand in the machine called “Industrialized Civilization”. The shortage is already leading to deadly conflicts in some areas of the World.
The effect of sand extraction in India are soil erosion, landslides, water table loss, infertility of farmland, disturbances of ecosystem and marine life, beach disappearing- all the way to collapsing bridges. With more than 20 million inhabitants, Mumbai is also one of the 10 largest cities in the world-with a huge appetite for sand by its Construction Industry. In 2010, Bombay High Court banned sand mining in Mumbai and Maharashtra.The Manipur High Court on 2nd July 2019, as an interim measures has imposed a total ban on unauthorized sand mining ,stone quarrying and other polluting activities near all rivers of the state. The only exception will be in cases where a license or lease is granted prior to such activities. The interim order was passed following a PIL by the Thoubal River Conservation Committee against the Government inaction to stop the deterioration of Thoubal River –caused by mining of sand and stone from the riverbed recklessly. Even in our tiny state Manipur also, the sand business has become talk of the day now, as we all witnessed, sand being brought from Dimapur orMoreh or from elsewhere for construction purpose at very high cost.To reduce the demand for new sand, we need to evolve into a circular economy. Big cities in India crush many old buildings to make room for new but the debris end up at landfills. In some countries, the use of primary materials is only allowed after the demolition waste is used up. In the Netherland 90% of all demolition waste is recycled. Even poorer countries like Vietnam are now reusing demolition waste. We can build roads with a lot less sand by recycling plastic as a resource. We have to do that.  There’s so much demand for sand that river beds and beaches are being stripped bare, Ocean beds denuded and landscapes devastated. Government are cracking down in response –which in turn has spawned a worldwide black market in sand, and still the amount of sand being mined worldwide is increasing- at terrible cost to people and the planet. If we continue like this, we will dig a grave for our self and pay a very expensive price.

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