Challenge the existence of the environment and organisms

Challenge the existence of the environment and organisms

Written By: / Articles / Sunday, 18 September 2022 16:26

In May this year, several beaches in Goa were sticky due to oily ‘carcinogenic tarballs’. There have been 33 such incidents in Goa since 2015. Tarballs are dark-brown sticky balls ranging in size from footballs to coins. They also make the sand of the beaches sticky. They smell bad. It is very common to see such filth on most of the 105 km beaches in Goa. This affects not only tourism, but also those related to fish farming. For the people it becomes a question of livelihood.
The reason for this is the leakage of oil or crude oil in the sea. Sometimes it is caused by ships passing through the roads, then the main reason for this is also the crude oil extraction plants from the depths of the sea at various places. Anyway, excessive tourism and uncontrolled fishing trawlers continue to make the surface of the sea oily. A recent study by the National Institute of Oceanography (NIO) has identified three main locations responsible for oil spills on the country’s west coast. The oil released may be responsible for polluting the beaches of Maharashtra, Karnataka, besides Goa in western and southwestern India. This research recommends that these unknown oil spill factors can be detected by adopting ‘manual clustering’ method.
In fact, the pristine coastlines of Gujarat, Maharashtra, Goa, Karnataka More and Gujarat are the busiest international ocean water routes on the west coast which are facing serious ecological crisis due to dangerous tarballs caused by oil spills. Oil The impact of the leak is more in the sensitive part of the ocean. Contains vulnerable areas i.e. places with turtle breeding grounds, mangroves, coral reefs. The Goa State Oil Spill Disaster Emergency Plan prepared by the Goa State Pollution Control Board (GPCB) during the Chief Ministership of Manohar Parrikar stated that the coastal areas of Goa are home to unique flora and fauna. The report also discussed the disproportionate impact on migratory birds due to oil spills.
Four consecutive years 2017 to 202A study of the data acquired till 0 (March-May) showed that there are three hot spot zones of oil spills. Ironically, even during the lockdown, there was no impact on oil exploration and international tanker traffic, due to which the oil spill remained intact. The biggest hit of oil spill in the sea falls on its fauna, creatures like whales, dolphins leave their traditional place and migrate to other areas, then small plants found in the depths of the water body, small fish, coral like structures. Permanent damage occurs. Many seabird fish the catchers come down and oil sticks to their wings and they cannot fly again. They lose their lives in agony. If there is an oil spill in the cyclone affected areas, then this oil goes to the earth with waves, spreads in the settlements and human beings suffer from many serious diseases by eating the fish grown here.
The most adverse effect of oil spill is the increase in sea water temperature, which is a major threat to the existence of the earth in the era of climate change. Note that 93 percent of the heat generated by global warming is in the ocean.They first swallow the stomach, then when they spit it out, many diseases arise. When the sea temperature rises due to the ambient heat, there are events such as severe rain due to the production of more clouds, cyclones due to the concentration of heat, extreme heat in the coastal areas due to the hot steam of the sea. Titled ‘Assessment of Climate Change over the Indian Region’, this report is the first of its kind prepared by India, which warns the country about the potential dangers of climate change and also gives suggestions.
It is easy to understand that when there is a layer of flammable oil on the upper surface of the sea, then the temperature of such water will definitely increase. Cautioning against rising sea temperatures, the report states that the Indian Ocean sea surface temperature has increased by one degree Celsius on average during 1951–2015, which is 0.7 °C higher than the global average SST warming over the same period. . Due to the warming of the sea surface, the sea level in the northern Indian Ocean decreased by 1.06–1.75 mm per year during 1874–2004.R has increased. Over the past two and a half decades (1993–2017) it has increased by 3.3 millimeters per year, which is comparable to the current rate of global mean sea level rise.
Although the vast mind of the sea struggles with all kinds of environmental crises, but once it settles, then we have no solution for it. Oil extraction and transportation from the sea may be very attractive today, but due to this the increase in the wrath of the sea is a challenge for the existence of the earth.

About the Author

Vijay Garg

Vijay Garg

Vijay Garg is a regular contributor of Imphal Times, mostly related with Education. Vijay is a resident of Street Kour Chand MHR Malout-152107 Distt Sri Muktsar sahib Punjab. Vijay Garg, Ex.PES-1 is a retired Principal from Government Girls Sen Sec school Mandi Harji Ram Malout -152106 Punjab. He is also the author of Quantitative Aptitude, NTSE , NMMS, Mathematics of XII, ICSE numerical physics and chemistry many more books.

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