Third Generation of Internet

Written By: / Articles / Friday, 29 April 2022 16:45

(From the third generation of the Internet, major changes have been seen in ‘scientific inventions)
Today Web 3.0 is being called a revolutionary change.  It is believed that this will start the decentralization of the web world.  This means that in the future, Facebook, Google, Instagram will be run by the common people who use them instead of the owner-operators of their companies.
In the history of thousands of years of human civilization, the most changes have come in the last two hundred years.  These also accelerated more when science and technology developed and in the last three-four decades the Internet spread.  To say that the Internet is the only technology of its kind, but it has become a companion to almost every technology and operation of every activity and the center of all activities.  But here a question is whether the world of the Internet i.e. the web itself is also changing.  This question has arisen especially because now there is talk of ‘Web 3.0’ as a new form of the Internet, that is, the third generation Internet, which is different, better and with new rules and regulations in every respect of the earlier two generations.  Will happen.
There is no doubt that since the advent of the Internet, the world has seen great changes due to scientific inventions.  Many tasks became easier due to technological improvements.  Even from shopping, studies to office work, now they are sitting at home.  But as fast as has been seen in all the work due to the convenience of the internet, the same speed did not happen in the realm of the internet itself.  For example, the technical aspects of internet and social media like Google, Facebook, Instagram etc. did not change much during this period.
But since Facebook has taken a new initiative in the name of Metaverse, there has been talk of a new change in the realm of the Internet called Web 3.0.  Although Web 3.0 was being talked about for a long time.  Many Internet companies were advocating to consider its need.  But with the advent of the Metaverse, tech companies have also started saying that according to the needs of Internet users, the way for a change called Web 3.0 should be paved.
Today Web 3.0 is being called a revolutionary change.  It is believed that this will start the decentralization of the web world.  This means that in the future, Facebook, Google, Instagram will be run by the common people who use them instead of the owner-operators of their companies.  This means that all the data related to these services will be the right of the users of them.  This is a new thing, but it has been debated for a long time as to why internet companies like Facebook don’t share in the data collected and the revenue earned from the users on whom these companies are actually run. 
It is noteworthy that in March this year, Instagram and Facebook-owned company-Meta filed trademark relationship applications for Web 3.0 software.  Not only Meta, but some other companies like Microsoft and Spotify have talked about hiring the services of Web 3.0 experts, which has sparked debate about whether the third generation internet is on the way.
The Internet i.e. the World Wide Web has been roughly thirty-five years old.  The World Wide Web is actually a collection of websites or web pages stored in a server, which is connected through a network of Internet to local computers, laptops, smartphones, etc.  The first generation of the World Wide Web i.e. Web 1.0 is believed to have been invented in the year 1989.  From the year 1993, Web 1.0 started revealing its utilities to the world.  In the beginning, users found a variety of static information on the Internet on web pages that did not have many links to the pages.  That is, users could not add anything new on their behalf.
With the end of the nineties and the beginning of the twenty-first century, users on the Internet began to receive services that allowed ordinary people to create, post content themselves.  Talking, uploading pictures, photos on social media, watching movies and fast chatting online - all these facilities were available to people in the age of Web 2.0, which continues in its modern form even today.
It is noteworthy that the term Web 3.0 was first coined by computer scientist Gavin Wood in the year 2014 and termed it as the Internet of the future.  As such, the biggest feature of Web 3.0 is being told that in this users will get the right to use, control and ownership of their data.  This will lead to a decentralized and fair internet, which is needed the most today.  Since it will eliminate the role of intermediaries and with the help of new technologies like blockchain, all types of edits and transactions will be recorded time and place with accuracy.
Therefore, a fair and neutral Internet can be created in which its users and creators will get adequate rights.  It can be understood with an example.  Facebook usually runs on information (content like articles, photos and videos) from the same people that its users share on it on a day-to-day basis.  But users do not have the right to control these information i.e. data.
Even the operators-owners of social media platforms keep a large part of the earnings with themselves.  But these conditions may change in Web 3.0.  In the new system, all types of information exchange and transaction rules will be transparently available to anyone, which will be written and made available through a software.  In such a situation, there will be no need for any central system, regulator or operator to certify the rules.
Similarly, there may be differences in the operation of Web 3.0.  Currently, Web 2.0 operates on mobile, social network and cloud technologies, while Web 3.0 may be based on edge computing, artificial intelligence and decentralized data networks.  The way smartphones, computers, all electronic devices, sensors and even Internet-based vehicles have turned into powerful devices, raising the possibility that in the future they will be serving as a data center in itself.  This will lead to faster and wider decentralization of the Internet.
It is also being claimed that all these devices will become capable of consuming one hundred and sixty times more data in the year 2025 i.e. just three years from now as compared to the year 2010.  When these devices will process such a huge amount of data, the need for a centralized system of internet will naturally disappear.
Talking about Web 3.0 sounds quite exciting, but it has to be kept in mind that it is still in its early stages.  The truth is that there is no broad consensus on whether it is actually going to debut like Web 1.0 or Web 2.0.  A different side of the problem is that there is a lot of skepticism among companies in the Internet industry themselves, at academia and among tech giants, whether Web 3.0 can solve any of the Internet’s current problems.

About the Author

Vijay Garg

Vijay Garg

Vijay Garg is a regular contributor of Imphal Times, mostly related with Education. Vijay is a resident of Street Kour Chand MHR Malout-152107 Distt Sri Muktsar sahib Punjab. Vijay Garg, Ex.PES-1 is a retired Principal from Government Girls Sen Sec school Mandi Harji Ram Malout -152106 Punjab. He is also the author of Quantitative Aptitude, NTSE , NMMS, Mathematics of XII, ICSE numerical physics and chemistry many more books.

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