By- Sh. Ajit
“ The Aim was to free from feudal Lord, to win , not freedom speech , voting or assembly, but freedom to survive”.
Mao Zedong commonly known as chairman Mao a chines revolutionary who became the founding father of the People’s Republic of China. He was born on December 26,1893 in Shoshana village , Hunan province China. He was the last of the Vanishing breed of leaders who strode the world like a colossus. A humble present to the unquestioned leadership of 800 million emancipated Chinese, from an obscure tactician to one of the greatest theoreticians from Marxism -Leninism from the struggle of National Leberation of the struggle for permanent revolution ,such as the theme of Mao’s life that has inspired legends. His achievements have always verged on the epic scale. He united a long divided empire, transformed the vast bulk of the wretched peasantry into powerful Nation of the world. Chinese need and aspirations laid the foundation of a modernized economy and restored China self respect . Mao’s formed a society of idealistic students to work for the motherland . Though they had no clear idea of how they should work towards their goal, they were keenly watching the intermittent cycle of uprising and the bental repressions that followed. Ultimately the felling of great physical and especially as as a result of poverty chines peasants and his own readings finally into communist. Mao’s was one of the small group who formed the chines communist party in 1921. He started organisation peasent revolution. He expressed later on,the first part of the struggle was peasant revolt. “The aim is to free the former feudal Lord, to win,not freedom speech, voting or assembly, but the freedom to survive”. Mao’s peasant forces played an important role in support of Chiang kai-shek in his campaigns against chines war Lord in 1926. But the following year when Chiang kai-shek turned against the communist, the civil war started. The betrayal of Chiang kai-shek was compounded by the dogmatic line of the Russian inspired leadership of the Chinese Communist party . To them, Mao line in the specific situation of China the peasant’s are the base of the revolution contradicted Russian emphasis on workers as the base and it was equivalent in seriousness to heresy. The conflict was resolved in Mao’s favour in 1935 conference when he was return to power as the undisputed leader. He has never looked back since there different from other nationalist and communist leaders of his time. Mao’s never interpreted the seizure of power as the end of revolution. Mao’s revolution was always the relentless struggle to create new thoughts , customs, and culture. Mao’s is able to blaze new trails for the permanent revolution if China is a mark of true greatness.
To the suffered, exploited and oppressed masses of the underdeveloped south East Asia and to the people of the surviving ramparts if colonialism white or black the revolutionary massage of Mao’s has an appeal and race, line and state boundaries. To the overwhelmingly peasant society of southeast Asia, the ultimate vindication of Mao’s line against orthodoxy of Stalin, that peasants are the base of revolution was in itself a generation event.