Friday, 29 March 2019 - Imphal Times

By: P. Meenakshi Chanu
Audiologist/Speech Therapist
Newborn Screening Centre
RIMS, Imphal

Hearing loss is one of the most common birth defect. Most babies are born with perfect hearing but 2-3 in every 1000 healthy babies are born with hearing loss. Most estimate suggest that 1-3 per 1000 children are born with hearing loss. All parents wants their child to be able to developed their full potential. So, parents will experience a huge range of emotions which discover their child is deaf. Children relied on their hearing to learn from the beginning. It is crucial to identified any remedy problems as early as possible. With the right treatment, most children with hearing loss hear again and grow up normally if treated early, attending mainstream school (normal school), reading and speaking like peers.
Congenital deafness may be of two causes in children. One is due to lack of hair cells receptors in the inner ear that convert sounds into pulse signals that activate the auditory nerve and the second cause is a malfunction of the nerves. A child may be born with what appears to be a normal inner ear, but the hair cells do not “communicate” with auditory nerves and the child cannot hear. The Newborn Hearing Screening programs ensure that every child born with a permanent hearing loss may or may not be associated with high risk criteria like absent Birth cry , Neonatal Jaundice, Birth Asphyxia, Premature delivery etc are identified at the time of birth or before three months of age are provided with timely and appropriate intervention services before six months of age. Obviously, the earlier we can identify hearing loss the sooner we can begin to treat the problem and have better outcomes for that individual.
Two types of newborn hearing screening tests are used: One is Otoacoustic Emissions or OAEs. In this, a miniature earphone and microphone are placed in the ear which stimulates the outer hair cells and response are reflected back to screen of OAEs instrument whether the response is PASS (Normal) or REFER (abnormal). The second test called the Brainstem Evoked Response Audiometry  (BERA) or Auditory Brainstem Response or ABR.
For this test, electrodes are placed on the mastoid of both ear and a ground electrodes on the forehead to detect responses. ABR and is an objective test to understand the transmission of electrical waves from the VIII the cranial nerve to the brainstem, in response to sounds and can identify babies who have a hearing loss. In some hospitals, babies are first screened using OAEs. Babies who do not pass on the first OAE test can be given a second test using the ABR. Both tests are reliable.
COCHLEAR IMPLANT
Cochlear implants are much different than hearing aids, which only amplify sounds. By contrast, cochlear implants is a surgically implanted electronic device that bypass the hair cells and directly stimulates the auditory nerve. The implant generates signals that are sent to the brain via the auditory nerve. The brain then recognizes these signals as sound. If the child has severe to profound hearing loss and do not get benefit from any hearing aids, then a cochlear implants could be an effective solution. The younger the child receive a cochlear implant, the easier it will be for them to meet the critical period i.e. the  first two year of life that are very important in the development of their crucial language, speech and communication skills.
Children who are  fit with appropriate amplification before 6 months can developed language skills on a per with hearing. However, children who receive cochlear implants before 18 months of age are better able to hear, comprehend sound and music, and can speak than their counterparts who receive the implants at a later age. The child who underwent cochlear implant should go for Auditory Verbal Therapy (AVT- a speech and language training approach).
Children who do not received early treatment suffered from language delayed, reading difficulty, delayed in cognitive skills leading to isolation, low self esteem, learning difficulty and behavioral problems. So, it is very essential for the baby/child is tested, diagnosed and get speech and language therapy with the help of hearing aids, cochlear implants and other treatment to meet development of speech and language milestone at right time. It is concluded that all infants admitted to the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU) should be screened for hearing loss prior to discharge, Universal screening to be implemented for all infants within the first 3 months of life, the preferred model for screening should begin with an OAE test and should be followed by a BERA test for all infants who fail the OEA, comprehensive intervention and management programs must be an integral part of a universal screening program and education of primary caregivers and primary health care providers like ASHA (Acredited social health activists) on early signs of hearing impairment is essential.     

Published in Articles

IT News
Imphal March 29,

Tulihal Battalion of 9 Sector Assam Rifles under the aegis of IGAR (South) observed World Theatre Day at Maheikol High School, Khuman on 28 March 2019.
As part of the event, a series of activities were carried out which included a lecture on importance of World Theatre Day followed by singing and dancing competitions and a play act. During the lecture students were educated on World Theatre Day and importance of theatre arts, how theatre plays an important role in the field of entertainment and bring changes in the lives of all of us as a society.
The event witnessed attendance by over 200 students. The students participated in the play act and displayed their acting skills. In addition the students also keenly participated in the singing and dancing competitions. The event concluded with prize distribution in which top three performers in each category were felicitated with tokens of appreciations, followed by tea and refreshments for all the attendees.
The Principal and the School staff appreciated the efforts of the Assam Rifles and extended their gratitude for organising such an event which gave the students an insight in the world of theatre and arts.

Published in News

From Correspondent
New Delhi, March 29,

 In an enthralling all-Indian second round face-off, Sai Praneeth edged fifth seed Sameer Verma to enter the quarter-finals of the Yonex-Sunrise India Open 2019, an HSBC BWF World Tour Super 500 tournament, here on Thursday. The marathon 18-21, 21-16, 21-15 win that took Sai 1 hour 11 minutes to complete, had the World No. 20 lying on the court in relief after converting the match point.
This was Sai’s second consecutive victory over the World No. 15, just a week after getting the better of him at the Swiss Open, where he made it to the final.
Having beaten his practice partner, Sai pointed out on how tough it can get facing a familiar opponent. “When you play an opponent who you play with, it is obviously tough. We know each other’s weaknesses and strengths, so with nobody outside the court to tell you something about strategies, you have to think on your own.”
Sai could have to face another Indian in the last-eight, provided third seed Kidambi Srikanth beats Lu Guangzu.
Parupalli Kashyap made short work of World No. 58 Tanongsak Saensomboonsuk 21-11, 21-13 in just 37 minutes to secure his quarter-final berth. The former Commonwealth Games gold medallist ran away to 14-8 in the first game and continued the momentum in the second game to build an 11-3 lead.
A day after playing a three-game match, the 32-year-old Kashyap was happy to finish his second round quickly. “I’m happy I could pull out two good matches. Yesterday was tougher physically, but game-wise I think I was better today and I’m looking forward to the next round,” said the former World No. 6.
Subhankar Dey failed to repeat his first round heroics and succumbed to a 16-21, 13-21 defeat to World No. 32 Wang Tzu Wei.
Rising star Riya Mookerjee’s brave run, however, came to an end at the hands of eighth seed Mia Blichfeldt 8-21, 21-17, 13-21.
World No. 67 women’s doubles pair of Aparna Balan and Sruthi KP dug deep to edge the 40th ranked Ng Wing Yung and Yeung Nga Ting 21-19, 7-21, 21-17. Pranaav Jerry Chopra and Shivam Sharma too reached the last-eight stage, courtesy of a 21-15, 21-11 win over Aniruddha Mayekar and Vinay Kumar Singh.
In mixed doubles, Chopra and Sikki Reddy put up a courageous display before losing 21-19, 19-21, 14-21 to the fourth seeds Hafiz Faizal and Gloria Emanuelle Widjaja.
Axelsen cruises; Bingjiao beats Xuerui
There was no stopping the 2017 champion Viktor Axelsen, who needed just 32 minutes to register a commanding 21-11, 21-9 win over Thailand’s Suppanyu Avihingsanon. In a battle of generations, Chinese third seed He Bingjiao beat 2012 Olympic gold medallist Li Xuerui 21-18, 21-17 for her second consecutive victory over her senior compatriot.
Defending champion Beiwen Zhang beat Brittney Tam 21-6, 21-16 for her seventh win on the trot at this prestigious tournament while seventh seed Han Yue was a 21-13, 21-8 winner over Chananchida Jucharoen.
Men’s doubles top seeds Kim Astrup and Anders Skaarup Rasmussen effortlessly beat Goh Sze Fei and Nur Izzuddin 21-14, 21-7. In mixed doubles, BWF World Tour Finals champions Wang Yilyu and Huang Dongping halted the run of Ricky Karandasuwardi and Pia Zebadiah Bernadet 21-8, 21-11.
Key results
Men’s Singles
Khosit Phetpradab (THA) (7) bt Sitthikom Thammasin (THA) 21-19, 12-21, 21-18
Sai Praneeth (IND) bt Sameer Verma (IND) (5) 18-21, 21-16, 21-15
Parupalli Kashyap (IND) bt Tanongsak Saensomboonsuk (THA) 21-11, 21-13
Viktor Axelsen (DEN) (2) bt Suppanyu Avihingsanon (THA) 21-11, 21-9
Wang Tzu Wei (TPE) bt Subhankar Dey (IND) 21-16, 21-13
Women’s Singles
Mia Blichfeldt (DEN) (8) bt Riya Mookerjee (IND) 21-8, 17-21, 21-13
Beiwen Zhang (USA) (6) bt Brittney Tam (CAN) 21-6, 21-16
Men’s Doubles
Astrup/Rasmussen (DEN) (1) bt Fei/Izzuddin (MAS) 21-14, 21-7
Women’s Doubles
Hoo/Yap (MAS) (4) bt Dandu/Santosh (IND) 21-11, 21-15
Balan/Sruthi (IND) bt Yeung/Wing NG (HKG) 21-19, 7-21, 21-17
Mixed Doubles
Wang/Huang (CHN) (1) bt Karandasuwardi/Bernadet (INA) 21-8, 21-11
Faizal/Widjaja (INA) (4) bt Chopra/Reddy (IND) 19-21, 21-19, 21-14

Published in Sports

By - Siam Sarower Jamil,
Dhaka, Mar 29

The death toll in the fire at FR Tower in Dhaka raise to 25, police said on Friday as the authorities resumed the detailed search in the morning.
Police deputy commissioner (Gulshan Zone) Mustak Ahmed at around 9:40 told media that 19 bodies were kept in different hospitals and six bodies found during the search in different floors of the building.
A total of 24 bodies were handed over to their relatives in the meantime.
Identities of the deceased were not disclosed by the police or other authorities as the fire service and civil defence officials said they would be continuing search and rescue operations at eighth to 11th floor of the building until Friday morning.
Deceased Sri Lankan national Nirosh Vigma Rajah, 28, worked with Scanwell Logistics in the building, said Banani police station officer-in-charge BM Forman Ali. The formalities of the handover of the bodies were underway, he added.
The families and the police identified eight of the deceased as Parjez Hossain, 47, of Gopalganj, Mamun, 36, of Regent Air Express, Amina Yesmin, 40, of Molvibazar who was on the ninth floor, Abdullah Al Faruk, 35, who was on the 10th floor, Maksudur Rahman, 36, of Gendaria, Rezaul Karim Kazi, 42, of Asif International, Mizanur Rahman, 35, and Rumki, 35.
The fire broke out at about noon on Thursday at the 22-storied building, which housed many offices.
The source of the fire could not be established yet, officials said.
Visiting the spot at about 11:15 on Friday, public works minister SM Rezaul Karim said that murder charges would be filed against the persons responsible for killing in the fire incident.
About 66 per cent buildings in the city have been constructed flouting building code, he said.
Dhaka North City Corporation (DNCC) mayor Atiqul Islam said this was the time to take action against errant building owners.
DNCC will take immediate action against the building owners, he said.

Published in News

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