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Wednesday, 06 November 2019 - Imphal Times

Many condemn bomb blasts in the state; People now live in fear-WAD

IT News

Imphal, Nov 6

Women Action for Development (WAD) expressed strong condemnation to the bomb blasts that injured 5 security personnel and a civilian at Thangal bazaar Imphal. WAD also expressed deep concern about Tamenglong bomb blast yesterday that injured a person seriously and also the bomb blast at Telipati on November 1 which injured 3 CRPF personnel. The WAD also expresses its condemnation to the triple blast at Moreh at separate places including high security area. WAD said that people now started living under extreme fear due to the frequent blast in the state.

Youth Forum for Protection of Human Rights (YFPHR) also expressed strong condemnation to the series of bomb blast which occurred on 2nd November ,2019 at Telipati and 5th  November ,2019 at Thangal Bazar which threatens the civilians specially the daily bread earners of Ema Keithel and causing injury to the civilians and state security forces on duty.

“We highly suspect these series of blast as planned activities of the state to suppress the voice of the people having its vested agenda as none of outfit or armed groups had claim about the blast which had occurred in series. We also believe that such cowardice action is to enforce more paramilitary forces to the state in the name of insurgency problem to mute the voice of the indigenous people who have been deprived of its right by the Indian Security Forces since the Imposition of the “Armed Forces (Special Power) Act,1958.

We have a serious doubt that deployed paramilitary forces before the settlement of the Naga issue was not to make settle the issue of Naga peace talks peacefully but to have been deployed with other agenda to occupy the land of the indigenous peoples which is deposited with rich Natural Resources which one must not forget. We urge the involved parties to stop such threats to civilians immediately, respect International Humanitarian Law and stop forceful occupying  of Indigenous peoples land for the economic Interest”, a statement of the Forum said.

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COCOMI continues protest; Alert meeting, sit-in-protest held at many places

IT News

Imphal, Nov 6

Coordinating Committee on Manipur Integrity (COCOMI) continue to stage protest by organising alert meeting and sit-in demonstration demanding the disclosure of the contents of agreement of the Naga peace talks. The COCOMI also cautioned the Union government against taking any decision that is detrimental to interest of Manipur, public alert meetings and sit in protests were staged at Top Khewa Bazar, today morning from 11 am to 2pm organised by Coordinating Body of Khurai and Top Awang Leikai Meira Paibi.

Speaking to the media by Coordinating Body of Khurai, Executive member, Bon Khurai and S.Roshan Meitei appealed the people of Manipur to stop any kind of entertainment programme and to be aware of the present situation to safeguard our territorial integrity of Manipur. He added that they would stand in solidarity to any decision taken by COCOMI for the safeguard of territorial integrity of Manipur. He further said that Indian Government should also love Manipur as the government love like criminal NSCN-IM.

Sit –in demonstration were staged at Paona Keithel near Friends Talkies, Keishampat Leimajam Leikai, Nambol Naorem, Ideal club Kshetrieikai, Konthoujam, Churchandpur Meetei Leikai and Yaiskul Police lane.

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Korea Manipuri Association Jointly Celebrated Ningol Chakouba and Chavang Kut  2019

IT News

Imphal, Nov 6

Different communities from Manipur now living in Soth Korea celebrated Ningol Chakouba and Chavang Kut 2019 together under the aegis of Korea Manipuri Association (KMA). The gathering was held on November 2, 2019 at Lake Town pension house at Anseong City, South Korea. 

This celebration is observed sharing harvesting festival of tribal cuisines of Chin Kuki Mizo, and special luncheon to Meitei married women (Ningols) offered by their brothers (pibas) at their natal homes respectively. 

This year, the joint event was celebrated with the theme of “Ching Tam Amatani” (Hill valley is one). The gathering was participated by about 40 KMA members. People from different communities came together taking breaks from their busy schedule to mark this festival as a communal harmony and memorable historical get together.  

Traditional foods were cooked and prepared in a very special way of Manipuri taste.

Ningols of KMA was served with several delicious food menus, specially cooked by younger Pibas’. After the feast, gift items were presented to the Ningols by the Pibas.  

The celebration was beautifully decorated with the ‘Ningols’ wearing their traditional Meitei attire, and the Chin Kuki Mizo brethren were clad in their ethnic attires. 

Speeches on Kut and Ningol Chakouba were delivered, Chavang Kut dance, Thabal Chongba were performed, and songs were sung altogether by Pibas and Ningols. 

After the feast, cultural performance was shown by the children and adults of KMA members. 

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Two Day State Level Training Program for Police Officials on Human Trafficking concluded

IT News


The two days State level training program for Police on Prevention and Investigation of cases of human trafficking and child sexual abuse concluded on Tuesday.

The program organized by FXB India Suraksha in collaboration with Manipur Police and Manipur Commission for Protection of Child Rights at 1 MR, Banquet Hall, Imphal on 4th-5th November, 2019 aims at building the capacities of the police officials on strengthened mechanisms to assure better investigation and protection systems for victims of trafficking.

A total of 95 Police Officers from different districts of Manipur participated during the two-day of the training programme.

The programme is conducted as part of project Mukti-an Anti Trafficking initiative to combat human trafficking and child sexual abuse in Manipur implemented with the support of ECPAT Luxembourg since 2015 in Imphal and Ukhrul.

The last day of the training dealt on the process, procedures and legal framework to be looked upon in case of Human Trafficking case. Dealing the concept deeper, the trainer distinguished trafficking in persons from Migration and Smuggling and how Police officials should be vigilant while dealing such cases ensuring and upholding rights of citizens. Movie screening, group work, case study sharing, identification and investigation of cases etc. were also carried out with the participants. The participants also shared their own experiences and challenges during the program which was also addressed.

Mr. Satya Prakash, Program Manager, FXB India Suraksha said, “Being Police Officers, our major role should of identifying any cases of trafficking taking place and that could only be done when one is aware of the indicators and vulnerabilities to trafficking. The things learnt during the event can be applied by the officials in their work areas and the challenges faced could be further discussed to improvise the mechanisms.”

The training also dealt with services available for the welfare of the victims of trafficking especially child victims. The major challenge of lower conviction rates could be addressed through strengthened victim protection mechanisms which Police can ensure through collaboration and coordination with the available services,” said Pranjita Borah, Program Officer, FXB India Suraksha. Provisions of One Stop Centre, Ujjwala schemes, Integrated Child Protection Scheme, district Child Protection Unit and Victim Compensation were discussed during the program.

The two day program concluded with felicitation of the participants with Certificates of Recognition. The Valedictory session was chaired by Ms. Joyce Lalremmawi, SP, CID-CB and   Sumel Singh, Program Officer, Manipur Commission for Protection of Child Rights.

Thanking FXBIS for the two day training programme, Ms. Joyce Lalremmawi, SP, CID-CB said, “Participants should apply the learning of the training as they go back to their own field areas.”

Sumel Singh, Program Officer, Manipur Commission for Protection of Child Rights said, “In MCPCR, we receive cases of child sexual abuse everyday, which means that the issue is widely prevalent in Manipur. Therefore, such trainings are very important especially for Police officials as they are the first responders for any case of sexual abuse.”

The two day program was conducted under the guidance of the Hon. Director General of Police, Manipur, Mr. L.M. Khaute. The FXBIS team met him at his office and briefed him about the two day programs where he appreciated the effort and stressed upon the necessity of such trainings programs in future as well for effective policing especially for cases of human trafficking and child sexual abuse.

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Blasts in Imphal: Do they have an agenda?

Two blasts in just three days gap – the first injured 3 personnel of the BSF at Telipati in Imphal East, the second after three days that is on Nov 5 in crowded market complex called Thangal Bazar here in the heart of the city injuring 5 police personnel including one additional Superintendent of Police and another civilian. Both the blasts occurred at places where security forces has been deployed 24x7 as there are apprehension to the district administrators about the breach of peaceful law and order situation due to protest by people as there is a believe that center might announced the  final settlement of the NSCN-IM that injure the sentiment of the people. And co-incidentally  it also happened when two person N. Samerjit and Y. Biren who claimed to be representatives of the Manipur state council declare Manipur as Independent and announced formation of an exile government at center. The two blasts also occurred at a time when people across the state are criticizing the government over the heavy deployment and re-enforcement of Central Paramilitary Forces in the state. Criticisms after criticism comes from different quarters including human rights defenders and civil body about the reason for deployment of such large para military forces in the state despite the fact that the Chief Minister himself had assured total safety of the state of Manipur while settling the issue of NSCN-IM by relying the assurance given to him and other representatives of the political party. 
Now if one remember what Chief Minister N. Biren Singh had stated to a Assam Based Television interview in connection with the series of bomb blasts that took place during October second week at border town Moreh, one can assumed that such barbaric act that blasted bomb in crowded area could never have been done by armed insurgent groups. During the course of interview by North East TV based at Guwahati, the Chief Minister had stated that he suspect the blasts could have been triggered by those who wanted to sabotage the Prime Minister ambitious Act East Policy. He also said that he didn’t believed such act could be carried out by armed insurgence groups as the area is under full control of the state and central security forces and they (the insurgence) have reduce their caliber to act such kind of attack. And moreover the some of the underground armed groups are also engaging in SoO.
The last few weeks witnessed Chief Minister N. Biren Singh claiming restoration of peace and tranquility in the state after the coming of his government. People had also witnessed number of armed state police being recruited and deploy at many area for control of any unwanted peoples’ uprising.
Yesterday blast that injured 5 policemen and a civilian was indeed a shocking incident for the entire people of the state. One thing need appreciations for the Chief Minister N. Biren Singh is that he always reached the incident site and meet the victims besides assuring compensations. 
But if one ponder upon the version that chief Minister N. Biren Singh delivered in connection with the blast that happen in October 2 week at Border Town Moreh and the version that he expressed to media yesterday in connection with the blast that injured 6 persons at Thangal bazaar, only the idiots or blind believers will appreciate him but people who have sense of reasoning will surely think that there seem some hidden agenda to the blast either for regulating access military installation or the the Chief Minister who is also in charge of Home department have been misguided. 
The two blasts that happened with a gap of 3 days, when security has been deployed 24x7 at crowded place need to be properly investigated. A mere announcement of Rs. 1 lakh award for civilians that can provide information about the incident will not serve the purpose of finding the real reason of why and who blasted the two bomb. Saying so handing over the investigation to the state police will not be believe by any citizen as everyone knows the long hand of politicians.  If the blasts was triggered by terrorist to terrorize and defame the state government, state police will be the best but if the blast have agenda of certain people in power to utilize their power at maximum level then an independent body is again will be the choice of the people. 


Roots of Criminal Behavior

Criminal behavior refers to conduct of an offender that leads to and including the commission of an unlawful act and can be explained on sociological or anthropological terms or as responding to biological determinants. Criminal behaviors with a psychopathological sub strum require a biological layer of explanation through biological mechanism that involve personality aspect, genetic and hereditary factors, physiologicalalterations, cerebral damage caused by perinatal insults or head trauma or acute intoxication. In fact, genetic, physiological and biochemical factors are casual agents in the same sense as family, social class or neighborhood factors. Some physiological correlates of personality are also related to criminality, especially by individuals with antisocial and psychopathic personalities. Higher threshold for excitability and higher impulsivity accompanied by lower levels of skin conductance, pulse and electroencephalographic makes for excitability than found among normal individuals are found among psychopathic which could explain their thrill-seeking behaviors. Similarly low pulse has been found to be related to regulatory patterns of inhibitory conduct among adolescents, juvenile delinquents and those diagnosed with conduct disorder, according to experts.
Neuropsychological tests could demonstrate cerebral damage, but this is best done with imaging, MRI, PET scans and SPECT examinations have demonstrated frontal lobe damage among extremely violent individuals, serial murderers and non-psychotic personality disorders persons. Cerebral pathology is related to intermittent explosive disorders and frontal lobe insults have been associated with levels of impulsivity which in turn have been related to levels of serotonin. A familiar components has been described relating antisocial behavior, criminality and violence which in turn are related to parental violence, poverty, single parent families and rough neighborhoods. These interfamily variation factors as known in genetic epidemiology, change from family to family but remains constant as a load in a single family. It is not possible, yet to differentiate within members of a family the quantities that could be attributed to the genetic load (genotype) from that attributed to the environment and that result on a particular form of behavior (phenotype).Link and association studies demonstrate that some genetic disorders such as alcoholism, Gilles dela Tourette syndrome and fragile X-syndrome could be related to antisocial behavior and violence. Furthermore, adoption studies of twins indicate that there exists a genetic relation between antisocial personality and alcoholism. Well, the truth is that both genetic and environmental factors do play an important role in a person’s criminal or anti-social behaviors. Twin studies shown that criminal behavior is influenced by both genetic and shared environmentalfactors. Toxic substances are common correlates of criminal behavior either ingested voluntarily or through exposure in the environment. The impact of alcohol on infants in utero resulting in fetal alcohol syndrome or intellectual damage suffered by normally born babies exposed to high levels of lead in the environment are well documented. Developmental delays and injuries to the developing brain are risk factors for criminality.  Alcohol has a well –known impact on the frontal lobes which are in charge of inhibitory functions and on the limbic structures in charge of vegetative and instinctive functions. The effect of alcohol and drugs are well known in forensic psychiatry because of violent crimes including sexual attacks committed while intoxicated and the emergence of dissociative and automatic states of mind. It is reported that 42% of arrested individuals are inebriated and 29% are under the effects of drugs at the time of arrest. Furthermore, 57% had used drugs within one month prior to their arrest and 83% of inmates in state prisons and 73% of those in federal prisons had utilized drugs at some time in their lifetime. Some experts have expressed a concern that biological explanations could lead to the complexities of crime. They point out that such way of thinking could distort the truth because of the weight paid to biological facts, could false hopes for easy solutions and apprehensions in the population worse than the actual dangers represented by crime. Myths surrounding biological investigations of crime have retarded the development of this profitable area of research.
Crimes occurs most frequently during the second and third decade of life. Males commit more crimes overall and more violent crime than females. Males appear to be more likely to reoffend. Measures related to arousal such as heart rate and skin conductance are low among criminals. Monomorphic or muscular body type is positively correlated with sexual crimes. Testosterone levels positively correlates to criminal behavior. When controlling for age and sex, strong genetic correlates with criminality. Low monoamine Oxidase activity and low 5-HIAA levels tends to be found among criminals. Monoamine OxidaseA (dubbed the ‘warrior gene ‘in popular press) is strongly tied to an increased tendency towards violent crimes. In addition CDH13, a gene previously tied to increased risk of substance abuse has been tied to violent crime. Ferguson stated “a large percentage of our behavior in terms of violence or aggression is influenced by our biology-our gene-and our brain anatomy. In some countries ethnically/ racially diverse geographical areas have higher crime rates compared to homogeneous area. Some studies on immigrants found higher rates of crime among these populations. Associated factors of criminal behavior also include maternal smoking during pregnancy,low birth weight, child maltreatment, low parent-child attachment, marital discord/family discord, alcoholism and drug use in the family, low parental monitoring/supervision etc. From the above facts of developing criminal behavior among human being, thesolutions of reducing criminal behavior can be taken up promptly by using the reverse actions against the way how criminal behavior originated.

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Protective Thinking: Are Nagas ready to face its Hostile Neighbours?

By - Pakinrichapbo (Advocate)
Samziuram Village, Peren, Nagaland

In recent times, numerous articles in our local dailies have frequently mentioned about the unique history of the unconquered Nagas and their historical rights to remain a sovereign Nation, as it was before the arrival of Colonial British power.
One finds little scope now, to argue whether Nagas have been conquered or not in its history or whether Government of India would recognize its sovereign status as staunch tribe oriented Naga Nationalists often lament on GoI refusal to recognize the 14th August declaration of Naga independence.      
But I do find enough scope to argue on the topic, “Are Nagas ready to face its hostile neighbours?”
It is also a historical fact that hostile neighbours had in one way or other prompted many Naga tribes to fully support the national movement. And now the traditional hostile neighbours want to maintain its traditional authority over the Nagas and are hell bent on giving any administrative autonomy to the Naga tribes living in their GoI created states.
 If the media reports based on press statements from negotiating parties are accurate, Nagas in Assam, Manipur and Arunachal Pradesh would be given territorial council. Here the public have no knowledge on how much autonomy will be granted to these territorial councils. Yet, what we know is that the ethnic groups of the three neighbouring states would go to any extent to prevent any sort of administrative arrangement by-passing its state’s legislative assembly for the sake of Nagas living in their respective states. Forget about Sovereign Naga Nation, Flag, and Constitution, even little adjustment of the current status in terms of state boundaries and administration is bound to invite fire and blood from hostile neighbours, and these hostile neighbours are ever ready to face any eventualities.
On the other side of the spectrum, the regional minded Nagas still believe and hope their negotiating parties and GoI would give them the best solution by the end of November. It is time that Nagas living in three states of Assam, Manipur and Arunachal Pradesh move their hands and legs before regionalism and tribalism swallow Naga nationalism, for I see no other option. Wished I am proven wrong later.
Maybe for the first time in our history, the hardcore Naga guerrillas have given up some of their core demands and agreed to pursue their political goal, i.e. territorial integration through democratic process. In such reality, the Nagas left outside Nagaland have to rise up and keep moving until administrative autonomy is achieved. 
The left out Nagas must think twice in the term of contemporary political realities as defined by some Naga stalwarts. History often than not have shown us that it is the people aspirations and joint efforts that ultimately continue to build new political realities. At the height of the British Empire, who would have imagined that someday the powerful British Empire would collapse like a house of cards? But indeed it was brought down by the joint efforts of people from diverse background as time passed by. 
The first primary duty of left out Nagas is to struggle for administrative autonomy and it is worth struggling if the people want to live under their own administration. Taking the example of Manipur State, Naga people living in Manipur would be placed at great disadvantage to score any political gain once the Manipur railway project is completed. 
The left out Nagas faces opposition not only from the hostile neighbours but even the Indian National Congress (INC) as well. INC have jump in with warnings that any changes to Manipur geography and any other north-eastern states will be opposed. It is also worth checking the reaction of interim Congress president Sonia Gandhi, right after signing of the 3rd August 2015 Framework Agreement. 
In-spite of Congress opposition, if interlocutor RN Ravi does not mean what he said regarding the change in states boundaries, the people can sit quite, relax and fully depend on the outcome of the final agreement. But in politics, only a fool will fully depend on his adversary. Can one really trust a spy?
Therefore the time is ripe, and the people have to do more than burning candles to see Naga State emerged as a power house in Northeastern region or let the so called contemporary political realities hammered down the last nail in the coffin of the Naga Nationalism. 

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