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Monday, 31 December 2018 - Imphal Times

MLA Joykishan urges government to take hard action on vehicle lifters

IT News

Imphal, Dec 31,

Congress MLA Khumukcham Joykishan today urges the government to take hard on the vehicle lifters in the state saying that instead of spending times on social networking site the government should act hard on the vehicle lifters by allowing the police force in performing their duty.

“Incident of vehicle thief getting away from hands or vehicle remain missing even the vehicle lifter has been handed over to the police are at large”, Joykishan said.

In a press conference held today at his residents at Khuyathong, Joykishan said that instead of utilizing staffs of state home department more times checking the updates of the social media which criticized the government they should focus more on checking the vehicle lifters in the state which has been haunting the people of the state for quite a long time.

The congress MLA also appealed the government to release Kishorchandra Wankhemcha as a New Year gift to his family so that people appreciate this government.  

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KEDO launched Pop Corn Stall; Scheduled Tribe demand not reasonable – Samarjit

IT News

Imphal, Dec 31,

Chairman of the SALAI Holding, Ngairengbam Smarjit today said that the demand for Scheduled Tribe status for Meitei / Meetei is not a reasonable demand.

Speaking to the launching ceremony of KEDO’s Pop Corn stalls held at Khwiramband Keithel, Ngairangbam Samarjit said that Manipur is a kingdom with imperialistic character. The Meitei/ Meetei had come to a status of a civilized nation and going back to the status of ST status is nothing but sabotaging of the history of the nation state.

The Chairman of the SALAI Holding, Ngarengbam Samarjit  while appreciating  the member of Kangleipak Economic Development Organisaton (KEDO) further said that the Salai Holding will always stands for KEDO.

SALAI donated 500 plastic baskets and 100 handmade bamboo basket for collecting  garbage in and around the Khwairamband Ima Keithel area. Samarjit said that those garbage collected will be again collected by them with payment of some tips to the KEDO volunteers so that they can recycle the garbage.

Imphal City Police Station, Officer in Charge Ingocha, who presided over the launching function of Pop Corn stall by the KEDO said that everyone should try to make the city clean. He said that people who come to the Khwairamband Keithel should follow the law of the land.

“All those who trade here should get proper license from the authority concern so that there is no obstacle in their business”, Ingocha said and appealed the KEDO to take permission of the stall open from the Imphal Municipal Corporation.

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PPFA welcomes renaming of Andaman island after Netaji

By NJ Thakuria
Guwahati, Dec 31,

 Patriotic People’s Front Assam (PPFA) welcomes renaming of three Andaman & Nicobar islands after legendary freedom fighter Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose along with his magnificent legacy and it expresses happiness that the Patriot of Patriots has been duly honoured on  75th anniversary of Netaji’s declaration of the formation of  Azad Hind government.
Prime Minister Narendra Modi in his recent visit to Port Blair renamed the Ross island as Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose Dweep, Neil island as Shaheed Dweep and Havelock island as Swaraj Dweep. He also hoisted the 150-feet national flag at South Point of Port Blair, where Netaji Bose unfurled the Tricolour in 1943 as the head of provisional government of Azad Hind declaring the islands free from the colonial British forces.
“We take the privilege to salute the supreme commander of Azad Hind Fouj (Indian National Army) and convincingly believe that every patriotic Indian would pay splendid tributes to Netaji as the first
Prime Minister of undivided India,” said a PPFA statement adding that no conspiracy could erase the legacy of Netaji and his magnificent valiant brigade.

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Month long Soil Health Day observation ends

IT News
Imphal, Dec 31,

The month long World Soil Health Day observation held under the aegis of Green Foundation since December 5 onwards comes to an end by holding an awareness programme at the Awangkhunou Maning Leikai community hall in Imphal West district on Monday.
The concluding programme was organised by Awangkhunou Organic Farmers Club and the Green Foundation (GF), an Imphal based social enterprise on sustainable development through peaceful co-existence in cooperation with Manipur Organic Mission Agency under Mission Organic value Chain Development for North Eastern Region of Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers welfare.
Officer in charge Dr DS Yadav of Regional centre of organic farming, Imphal, Zilla Parishad member N Pramo Devi of AwangKhunou village, Chief Executive Officer U Himmat of the GF and village elders attended the concluding session wherein Dr Yadav delivered a lecture on soil microbiology while Dr N Surbala of Central agricultural university shared issues relating to soil health management.
N Gunleibi also presented a talk on organic farming is solution to soil pollution during the awareness function cum closing session of soil health day. Many male and female members of Awangkhunou locality who attended the day’s programme also raised many questions relating to the organic farming and its prospects in their village. Some of village elder mostly males also sought necessary scientific inputs from the subject experts and service providers if in case they wanted to convert their fields into completely organic.
Urging the farming community attending the meeting to take up organic farming activities seriously, CEO Himmat of Green Foundation assured the gathering that the organic farming can be taken up in a phase wise manner and farmers can take necessary services through the foundation. Later a demonstration on how to make horticultural waste into organic manure was also held.

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NK Sanajaoba remembered on 82nd Birth Anniversary

IT News
Imphal, Dec 31,

Pioneer investigative Journalist NK. Sanajaoba was remembered and paid fitting tribute on his 82nd Birth Anniversary at Lamyanba Sanglen, Palace Compound in Imphal East.
On the occasion, Sh.Shamu, Vice-chairman of the organising committee in his keynote address gave a brief history of NK Sanajaoba.
Nk.Sanajaoba was born on Dec 30, 1936 at Singjamei Wangma Kshetri Leikai Imphal .He was the son of Nk.Ibocha and Muktarei. He started his schooling from Troban Kshetri Leikai Jr High school, later he studied at Raja Dumber school and completed his matriculation in 1956 under Guwahati University. After that he completed intermediate and graduation from DM college Imphal. At the DM college he was elected as students representative as Megazine secy of the college. During his college days he met Arambam Somarendra , Nongmeitham Pahari.
During his college days in 1955, NK Sanajoaba met captain LH Harnett as NCC instructor. Arambam Somarendra, Nongmeithem Pahari and Nk Sanajaoba were the students of captain Hernett. During NCC time the essence of Nationalism was sown to the pioneer journalist. On 24 November 1964 a revolutionary group called UNLF was formed under their leadership. Nk.Sanajaoba was a member of the central committee. He played a big role in the organisation of UNLF at both Hill and Plain.
NK Sanajaoba was the first Editor of Pan Manipur Youth League (PANMYL) monthly journal Lamyanba . Through Lamyanba he exposed wrongs of the government and for that he was detent in jailed many times.

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No indication to strengthen the deprive education system by the govt; SSUM

IT News
Imphal,  Dec 31,

Socialist Students’ Union Manipur (SSUM) in a statement slammed the government of Manipur over its attitude toward the education sector. The press statement signed by its President S. Yaima Meetei said that the people of Manipur knew that the Education system prevailing in the state is in a big mess and also there is no visible indications which address this issue by the government.
They believe that the first thing to be done to improve a society is to improve its educational sectors. It also added that poor infrastructure of the schools, lack of teachers, unavailability of books; irregular monthly salaries of the teachers are some of the problems of the government schools.
When inspecting the various schools by SSUM saddened cries which were heard from most of the students is that “they want to learn, give us teachers”.  They also came to know that many of the government schools have a huge imbalance of students and teachers ratio and lacks of proper classrooms and non teaching staffs.
On the other hand government schools from Lower Primary to high School which are situated in the Imphal area don’t have proper students. Most of the schools have more number of teachers than the students. And also many schools which lack students are residing in 0km radius. So the government needs to make immediate policies to combine the schools having minimal students residing in 0km radius and also to send teachers to the places where they need it the most, it added.
Regarding the change in academic atmosphere where there Is a trend of going to Private tuition and coaching centre, SSUM finds that the infrastructures and the exceeding number of students in a class is unsatisfactory. Unfortunately they also discover certain coaching centers where there are no separate toilets for boys and girls. In the release SSUM claims that they will look into the matter of Tuition and Coaching centers from the coming years.
Further the Student organization wishes New Year greetings to the people of Manipur and especially the students and also wishes the students a success for all those who are preparing for the upcoming Class 10 and 12. And show gratitude to the teachers and believe that the teachers of the state focus on the Modification of Behaviors of the students.

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DESAM to start Mass campaign for mass reformation

IT News
Imphal, 31 Dec

Democratic Students Alliance of Manipur (DESAM) is all set to launch a mass campaign for mass reformation with primary focus in Education Sector in the state from next year.
President of DESAM Salam Akash in a meeting with the media persons at its temporary head Quarter at Sagolband Meino Leirak in connection with its annual Program “ Meet the Media Fraternity” announced that the mass campaign will be launched next year, i.e. 2019.
Akash give a dig on the present education system and its curriculum by questioning the contents of histories and other elements of the indigenous culture and people in the syllabus of the students.
DESAM appealed social organizations, and media fraternities to help in the campaign of reviving the government schools and in reviving the model schools which will improve the economy of various families. He added that DESAM will continue to support the demand of Pre-merger political status, the campaign of Schedule Tribe Demand committee and any issues relating to the development including self determination of the people of the state.
“Media and civil societies has a big role to play in bringing harmony of our deeply conflict rooted society and there is a need to cleanse such conflict”, a ANSAM leader who also took part in the gathering said..
Ex President of DESAM, Angamba says that the program ‘Meet the Media fraternity’ has been doing since the inception of DESAM. He added that the media has been playing a huge role in changing the socio political economy of the state and they also recognize the contribution of the media in such a conflict ridden states of state and non state actors. Finally he thanked the media fraternity for the covering many activities in their campaign for quality education of the state.

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UNMM condoles

IT News
Imphal, Dec 31,

The United NGOs mission Manipur (UNMM) expressed its deep condolence over the sudden demise of Pu Thangkhosei Haokip, KUMPIPA, Kuki Inpi  on December 28.  
UNMM said that it acknowledged and appreciated for the able leadership of the departed soul to work with us in our common journey for sustainable peace and reconciliation in Manipur.
“He was very dedicated and notable leader who always stand for honesty, integrity, hard work and welfare. He was also very genuine leader who always worked across the ethnic communities and NGOs of the state for strengthening relationship for peaceful co-existence and mutual respect among the kuki, Meitei and other.
The untimely demise of Pu Thangkhosei Haokip is not only irreparable loss to kuki community but also for the people in Manipur and North East india.

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Unforgettable Revolutionary NK Sanajaoba

It was a turning point of Manipur History when the first elites of modern Manipur started asking questions on the governance of the nexus of British colonial power and feudal authorities. At that time, the puppet king of Manipur tried fully to stretch his available muscles within the skeleton of British colonial administration. The king whose wings were cut to size managed to show the public that he was a powerful king. During the time when the progressive mind of elites started to think of a new Manipur and the king stretched his muscles within the colonial framework, NK Sanajaoba was born on 30 December 1936. No one, at that time, knew a star was born in an ordinary family of N Ibocha and Muktarei at the eastern bank of Imphal River at Singjamei Wangma Kshetri Leikai, Imphal. He was not born in a noble family who served the king and his men. His parents did not have any power to command, but were commanded on. It was when winds blew from different directions to form a storm in the dark sky of Manipur history, NK Sanajaoba, son of ordinary Manipuri family, was born. The storm of confusion over formation of new Manipur and continuity of feudal-colonial rule was the political atmosphere.
He was known of his witty comments on the administrative and political events in Manipur. His thoughts were reflected through his serious witty comments. His childhood friends still remember his courage to pass comments on political issues. His use of words to attack the wrongful acts of the men in power and his love of justice to the people of Manipur are still alive in the collective mind of Manipuri people. His experiments with justice and liberation for justice needed a medium of expression; expression without fear found Lamyanba, the monthly publication of Pan Manipuri Youth League (PANMYL). PANMYL was founded by progressive and radical youths of Manipur in 1968. NK Sanajaoba was one of vital key actors in establishment of PANMYL. He became first editor of Lamyanba, and he was driving force to critical observation of Manipur administration as Part C State and Territorial Assembly after she lost her sovereign status in 1949. The breeding of corruption in post-merger Manipur was shown tirelessly through Lamyanba. His fearless expression became model of educated youths day by day; but the government tried to suppress his expression in Lamyanba. He was kept many times under bar. His body was tortured in the dark cells. But his love of justice constantly encouraged him not to bow down to what he called injustice.
Who was afraid of NK Sanajaoba? Since 1970s till the mid-1980s, the talk of town was dominated by writings and rebellious tone of NK Sanajaoba. He was hated by those who were working in tune of the prevailing political ideology that based on making inequalities. His keen observation of corrupt practices of political leaders, administrators and bureaucrats of Manipur created a folk of enemies; still he wanted to show the people of Manipur that the corruption was inherent quality of the political system which the people lived in. To him, the injustice to the people was brought by the system and hence, he wanted whole heartedly to change the system. He believed that fighting the injustice system required a new language and style of expression. His choice of words and coinage of new words to suit the quality of the corrupt system are still remembered by Manipur. The language of royal circle or well educated literary persons is not hard enough to fightback the imposition of corruption in political practices, administrative circles so also in mental activities. We need a new language to fightback the haabijabis of the men in power and system which legitimize the haabijabis.   
Why did NK Sanajaoba take so many risks in his life? He was romantic lover of a revolution, a revolutionary who saw clearly the goal beyond the prevailing system, a blind follower of those who fought war to end the war between haves and have-nots. He was true lover of people of Manipur, true believer of secularism who had looked beyond the sectarian ideology of religion, revivalism, tribalism and clannish ideologies. His only vision was oneness of Manipur free from all forms of exploitation and inequalities. NK Sanajaoba’s had the courage to fight for free Manipur from all forms of inequalities and to fightback all the injustices done on the people of Manipur. Young generations are still inspired by his works and words; new generations still hear the historical echoes of the great Athou Licha Heppa.
- Today’s Writer : Sh Ajit

Governance and Human Relationships in Multi-Ethnic States

By- Dr. Michael Lunminthang
Assistant Professor,
Ambedkar University, Delhi

Abstract:The Colonial divisions of the region into: (a) Frontier Tracts, (b) Excluded Areas (c) Partially excluded Areas, are still the main criteria of division in the Northeast region even after 70 years of Independence. The trajectories of the Colonial terms when politicalized have a deep impact on the ethnic relationships in states like Manipur. The paper asserts that Human and Ethnic relationships play a vital role in the dissemination of governance in the state. When relationships fail and reciprocations are ignored, we proved to ourselves that Governance fail.
Historical Analysis:
To summarize briefly the political development, Manipur was a full-fledged sovereign, independent kingdom till the Burmese war of 1824-26. Her independence was restored after the British forces drove the Burmese out of Manipur. A political agent was posted and even though he was supposed not to interfere in the internal affairs of the State, the Political Agent did not always remain strictly aloof.1 Misunderstandings began to grow and swell between the political agent and the palace and finally in 1891, the Chief Commissioner of Assam (Mr. Quinton) who went to Manipur to solve the Palace-intrigues was killed. She became a princely native state in 1891 with the liability to pay an annual tribute of Rs. 50,000/- to the British Government.2 She merged with India on September 21, 1949 after two years of autonomous constitutionalmonarchy. In 1963 Manipur became a Union Territory under the Government of Union Territories Act, 1963. On 21st January 1972 it became a full-fledged part –C state as a result of the passing of the North Eastern Areas Re-organisation Act 1971.3 Manipur covers an area of 22,327 square km between Latitudes 23.32’ N and 25.41’N and Longitude 93.2’ E and 94.47’E. There are nine districts of out of which five are in the hills and four are situated in the valley. Manipur is basically a home of three ethnic groups viz Meiteis, Kukis and Nagas.4 Within the Kuki and Naga tribes there are thirty-three recognized tribes and some still asserting for recognition. They settled mostly in the hill regions which comprises of 90 percent of the total land area and no clear cut boundary line can be drawn between them. They are specified under Scheduled Tribes of India and constitute the Tribal population of Manipur.
(a)Colonial period: When Manipur became a princely state of the British Empire in 1891 the hill areas were administered by the British Officers. From 1891 to 1907, the Political Agent ruled these areas as regent during the minority of the Maharaja; but even after 1907 when the Maharaja took over the administration of the State the hill areas remained the special responsibility of the British I.C.S. officer who was the President of the Maharaja’s Darbar. After the suppression of Kuki Rebellion, in 1919 the administration of the hill areas was re-organised. Four sub-divisions were formed; of which three were administered by officers of the Assam Provincial Civil Service appointed on deputation terms and the fourth was directly under the President of the Dabar (the British ICS officer).5 Under the new scheme, three new sub-divisions were formed: Churachandpur, Tamenglong and Ukhrul.6 Further the President was responsible for administration of the entire hill-areas of Manipur assisted by some officers of the State on behalf of the Maharaja.7 The new administration was abolished later on as it was difficult to find European or Anglo- Indian officers to fill the posts. Later on the three sub-divisions were amalgamated into two with headquarters at Ukhrul and Tamenglong, leaving the rest of the hills surrounding the valley which were easily accessible to Imphal to be administered by Manipuri Officers. The government of India Act 1935 did not make any significant change in the hill administration of Manipur. There was a long correspondence and discussion about the implementation of the act between the Maharaja and A.C. Lothian, a special representative of the viceroy between 1936 and 1939 and one of the principal controversies was the issue of ‘hill administration’. Ultimately, the hill areas were put under the ‘Excluded Areas’.8
Dena asserts that throughout the Colonial period, the hill administration did not form an integral part of the general administration of Manipur state.
He writes:
As the demand for responsible government gained momentum in Manipur during the 1940s, the Maharaja wanted to introduce some political reforms in the state. Even when the exit of British colonial rule was only a matter of time, Pearson, President of the state durbar, insisted that until and unless separate hill administration regulation was sanctioned, no new constitution would come into effect. Thus, throughout the Colonial period, the hill administration did not form an integral part of the general administration of Manipur state. The Maharaja and his Durbar had little or no link with the hill administration. The president who was already overburdened with the Durbar works and general administration of Manipur could not give due attention to the problems and needs of the hill people. On many vital and important issues, the president did things in secret connivance with the political agent.9
(b) Post Colonial: In 1947, the Hill Peoples Administration Regulation was enacted by the Maharaja, which divided the whole hill territory into circles. Each village of 20 tax-paying households or above, there was a village authority consisting of chiefs and elders. Above the village authority, there was a circle authority comprising one circle officer appointed by the government and a council of 5 members elected by the village authorities falling within the circle. The Manipur (Village Authority in Hill Areas) Act was passed in 1956 and for the first time election of members of village authority on the basis of adult franchise was introduced. When Manipur attained statehood in 1972, the Manipur (Hill Areas) District Council Act 1972 was passed by the state government. But unlike their counterparts in Assam, Meghalaya and Mizoram, no provision under sixth scheduled was extended to the so-called autonomous district councils in Manipur. They had no judicial and legislative powers. The district councils were dissolved in 1988. The 7th Manipur Legislative Assembly passed the Manipur Hill Areas Autonomous District Council (Amendment) Bill on July 25, 2000.10 In July 2010 district council elections were held after more than 20 years under the Manipur (Hill Areas) District Councils (3rd Amendment) Act 2008, which have no provisions for Tribal autonomy nor judicial and legislative provisions. Till date, the rightful demand for the extension of the Sixth Scheduled in the hill areas of Manipur had been sabotaged with the pretext of adding ‘local adjustment and amendments’ in the Sixth Scheduled.11 On the other hand, the valley districts enjoyed the extension of Panchayati Raj under the 11th Scheduled and implementation of Municipality Acts under the 12th Scheduled.
Issues and Challenges
After Independence, special provisions were made by the Government of India in the Fifth and the Sixth Schedules of the Constitution to safeguard the interests and well-being of its tribal population. The Fifth Scheduled outlined the structure and governance of Scheduled Areas in tribal interests and the Sixth Scheduled was conceived as an instrument of tribal self-rule. Tribal areas in eight states of mainland India were included under the Fifth Scheduled and the Sixth Scheduled covers the four north eastern states of Assam, Meghalaya, Tripura and Mizoram. The hill districts of Manipur however are not included in either Fifth or Sixth Schedules.13
According to 2001 Census, the Census Commission of India approved the total population of Manipur at 23 lakhs. Accordingly adjustment of constituencies or delimitations was to be made for the 60 house member of Manipur of Legislative Assembly. The number of 40 MLAs which represented the four valley district at an average of 55 Sq. Km per MLA had to be sliced down to 35 MLAs and the hill areas which cover more than 20,000 Sq. Km and represented by only 20 MLAs at an average of 1000 plus Sq. Km per MLA were to gain 5 Assembly constituencies. This development had been stall by the Census Commission of India and the Delimitation Commission of India.14 Manipur Legislative Assembly consists of 60 members, out of which 20 are reserved for Scheduled Tribes and 1 reserved for Scheduled Caste. With a multi party system in India and a total of just 20 seats/berths the elected members of the Tribal community find themselves in contradictory situations in the state assembly when it comes to safeguarding Tribal rights.
    Another Act which is very much contentious is the Manipur Land Reform and Land Revenue Act (MLR & LRA) 1960, which was introduced in many tribal areas in-spite of stiff opposition by tribal groups. Lal Dena critical about the Act says, “In the name of development MLR & LRA has been introduced as piece meal in some plain areas of hill districts like Chandel and Churachandpur.”15 Some of the rules in the act provide that when a land is to be transferred from a tribal to a non-tribal the permission of the deputy commissioner of the concerned district is necessary. There has been consistent demand for the extension of the act over the hill areas from the valley based organisations. At the same time, there is also a simultaneous demand for the introduction of a separate land law for the hill areas of Manipur. The Advisory Committee on Social Policy (1995-1997) had already made a conceptual draft land law (for the hill areas) but nothing tangible has been done in this regard till today.16 Land issue and Chiefship goes hand in hand among the Kukis. According to Thangkholim Haokip, the issue of land reforms and abolition of chiefship are likely to dominate Manipur political scene in the near future. It may even result into plain versus the hills conflict. Unlike some Kuki chiefs, the Kukis in general are not against land reforms as such; what they demand is that before the extension of MLR & LRA Act, the Sixth Schedule to the Constitution should be extended in the hill areas.17 The MLR & LRA Act is now extended to:
1. 89 villages of Churachandpur district, vide notification no. 142/12/60 dated 22-2-1962 of the Government of Manipur
2. 14 villages in Sadar Hills of Senapati District, vide notification no. 138/4/64, dated 25-2-1965 of the Government of Manipur.
3. 14 villages in Khoupum Valley of Tamenglong district, vide notification no. 3/12/83, dated 14-11-1987 of the Government of Manipur.
One serious problem is that under section 14 of the said Act, a person in a tribal village can be treated as trespasser or encroacher if he does not apply for allotment of the land which he has possessed or occupied for generations without any hitch. During the budget session in Manipur Assembly, on 30th July, 2010 a private member bill was introduced in the Manipur Assembly seeking the rights of the Meiteis to settle in the hills by extending MLR & LRA Act in the ‘public interest’. The bill was withdrawn at the instance of a Tribal Minister who stated that such a bill would complicate things when the state was already going through an acute social divide between the tribals and the valley people.18
    Other major factors which led to the rise of secessionist ideology of Kukis also come from the neighboring tribes; the Nagas and Meiteis mainly. According to a Kuki sympathizer, more than 900 Kukis got killed 350 villages uprooted and over 50,000 Kukis are displaced because of Kuki-Naga conflict.19 While recuperating from the ethnic clash with the Nagas, another headache hit the Kuki society. The long drawn fight between the Indian security forces and the Manipur valley based militants in Manipur’s Chandel district led to a heavy toll on the innocent Kukis. The neglected areas around Samtal village of the Dingpi ridge have become a haven for the secessionist valley based militants belonging to the banned outfit UNLF (United National Liberation Front). They indiscriminately planted landmines allegedly supplied by Chinese agencies, on many locations and villages of Kuki inhabited areas. In Churachandpur district too a reign of terror was let loose by UNLF and KCP (Kangleipak Communist Party) both valley based militants, thereby resulting in the rape of 2720 women from the villagers of Parbung and Lungthulen villages.21 Due to landmines, cultivation and livelihood in their own lands has become difficult and impossible. They settle in temporary refugee camps. The Kukis are once again refugees in their own lands.

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