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Sunday, 02 December 2018 - Imphal Times

‘I challenge open debate with not less than an MLA of the BJP’ – Joykishan

IT News

Imphal, Dec 2,

Congress MLA Khumukcham Joykishan hits hard on rival ruling BJP government saying that all he did is the role that an opposition should do in democracy and challenge the ruling BJP for an open debate with anybody from the party but not less than an MLA.

“I challenge the ruling BJP for an open debate but with not less than an MLA”, Jokishan said while talking to media persons today afternoon at Khuyathong. The Congress MLA who is also the spokespersons of the MPCC said that he will continue to pin point the wrongs that the ruling government is committing.

He added that if the government felt that there is no BJP MLA who can debate with him they can hire any BJP MLA from anywhere in the country.

“If they feel the voice of the opposition is right than correct it instead of playing foul game”, Joykishan said reacting to the statement of a BJP spokesperson regarding his criticism to the arrest and detention of TV Journalist Wangkhemcha Kishorchand.

The MPCC spokesperson mock the BJP government saying that they don’t seem to understand the Constitution of India. The present Manipur government led by the BJP itself is un-constitutional as they appointed a Congress MLA who had defected and joined the BJP as Minister.

“It is violation of the Constitution of India and BJP should know that”, He said.

Coming to the detention of Kishorchand, Joykishan said that it is again un-constitutional to suppress any voice of dissent. How anybody who speaks against the government could be arrested and that too under NSA that was supposed to use to armed rebel group, Joykishan questioned the government and added the government planning to book under NSA to anybody who speaks against the government.

Kishorchand is a Meitei Nationalist and his love for his Manipur provoked him to criticize the government, the MLA said while disclosing Kishorchand wife’s statement to him.

He further added that everybody knows what Kishorechand did and most people particularly those in the judiciary knows whether it is right or wrong to detain Kishorechand for his critical comment which was posted at facebook.

“I respect Rani of Jhanshi but does this government know that there are also queen which were not less than the courage of Jhanshi Rani who had fought the enemy and sacrifice to protect the erstwhile kingdom”, he said.

It is nationalist spirit of Kishorchand that he criticized the celebration of Jhanshi Rani as the queen had nothing to do with the state which was merged to the Indian Union only in 1949.

“Well, today we are part of India and we respect Rani of Jhanshi but why the government could not remember Leima Linthoingambi or Chinglensana or other martyred King of the state who had sacrificed for protection of their motherland.

Why the government failed to remember Khuleibam Khela, a Pangal soldier who had sacrifice assisting Paona Brajabasi fighting the British soldier during Khongjom War, Joykishan said.

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CM launches ‘Rabi Campaign 2018’  Such initiative would have positive impact on state’s economy: CM

Imphal, Dec 2,

With an objective to help the farmers to increase their productivity and achieve higher yield of various crops during Rabi season, the Chief Minister N. Biren Singh today launched the ‘Rabi Campaign 2018’ at Haotal Pangei, Imphal East.
Speaking as Chief Guest of the function, Chief Minister said that the launching of Rabi campaign would have positive impact on the economy of the State. He mentioned that he would personally monitor the updates and improvement of the initiative every week. He maintained that the government, private agencies and farmers need to work collectively so as to increase the production of agricultural and allied products. The government is planning to provide 100 percent subsidy to those deserving farmers on providing loans and procurement of machineries, he mentioned. A new policy for the welfare of the farmers would be announced soon, he added.
Chief Minister stated that we need to discuss on why Manipur is still lagging behind in various sectors as compared to other States. The government is working tirelessly to uplift the lives of the people and to bring positive changes in the State. It is the vision of the Prime Minister Narendra Modi to double farmers’ income by 2022 in the country. Such initiative would definitely increase in the economy of the State, thus by making the farmers’ as self reliant and self sustained, he continued.
Highlighting the huge talents and potentials of the people in every sector, Chief Minister opined that if we work with transparency, honesty and sincerity, Manipur would become one of the best regions in the world. Chief Minister opined that the present government has already implemented various welfare schemes for the people of the State. Among the schemes, the Go to Village is one such initiative to provide good governance at the grassroots.  
Mentioning that around 36 percent of the population comprised BPL families, Chief Minister urged the government officials to work with transparency and sincerity so that these people would be benefited from various Government schemes. When we fulfil the aspirations and dreams of the people then the blessings of the people will shower upon us, he mentioned.
Clarifying on the recent attacks by unidentified animal in the State, Chief Minister appealed the people not to have an apprehension. He mentioned that the DFOs and Police Officials have been instructed to take preventive and precautionary measures for the public safety. Wooden Cages have been set up to trap the unidentified animal at various places, he mentioned. He further stated that two forensic scientists from Dehradun will arrive today and would identify the animal soon.
Minister for Agriculture V. Hangkhanlian said that there are around 2.34 lakh hectares of cultivable land available in the State. However, large portion of land is being unused during off season, he added. He continued that we must find solutions for the optimal usage of such land. Minister further stated that the Agriculture department is working tirelessly to double the farmers’ income by 2022.
The Chief Minister also inspected the machineries which were put on exhibition for the farmers.
The launching function of Rabi Campaign and Agriculture Equipments Exhibition was organised jointly organised by Department of Agriculture and ManipurFarm Enterprise Private Limited.
Deputy Chairman of State Planning Board S. Rajen, MLA L. Susindro, Director Ph. Rajendro, officials of the Agriculture Department and farmers attended the programme.

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Tobacco product seized

IT News

Imphal, Dec2,

A police team seized huge quantity of tobacco products at Saivom area of Tengnoupal district while trying to smuggled it at Moreh in a Tata Magic Vehicle bearing registration MN06LA 3581  yesterday. The seized tobacco products includes 35 cartoons boxes of Golden Khaini each containing 540 Golden Khaini box, (total - 18900 boxes) & 5 gunny bags of Saajan tobacco each containing 125 Saajan packets, (total - 625 packets) as per police source said.

The tobacco products were smuggled by Laishram Ajit Singh (25) s/o L. Amuchan Singh of Wangjing Bazar, Soraisham Premchand (28) s/o S. Shamu of Lamding Cherapur and  Subham Kumar Samlu (20) s/o Ram Prakash of Telipati.

The seized items along with the detained individuals had been handed over to Food Safety Officer for further necessary action.


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Mysterious Animal Attack of Manipur State: A perspective How to find the truth

By:Raghu Ningthoujam
Scientist Indian Space Research Organisation(ISRO)

As we all aware that there is a tense situation in the Manipur state at present about the attack by animal or group of animals on livestock and possible attacks on human beings, most vulnerable being kids, particularly at darkness(night time). Need of the hour is: How to understand it? What is the model to explain the attack? What are the preventive or/and precautionary measures to be taken up to curb or to stay safe from the sacry event?
Is there really a mysterious Animal like Allien or is the attack carried out by existing normal animal species? The present situation can be fit into two models: (1) Migratory_model (2) Mystery or  Allien_model
In #the_migratory_model, there is no involvement of any mysterious species, the modus operandi is executed by existing carnivorous animals like dogs, fox, keijenlang(wild big cat), bear, leopard or tiger etc. There are two major contributing factors of the migratory model i.e. Disturbance in the ecosystem Deforestation , and change in season TemperatureDrop. Disturbance always leads to wildness.. rising in the entropy... Systems always are in search of minimum energy where they are stable. Deforestation - Disturbance of the forest ecosystems of the wild animals by humans together with the unprecedented severe cold season of the winter in the state this year resulted in the one_night_migration of the wild animals in saving themselves from severe cold and in search of their foods on the way on and back to fill their stomach. Need of the hour is to keep ourselves alert waiting for the the recession of winter season and educate ourselves on disturbance of the ecosystems by way of the deforestation and animal hunting. The case history of being eaten only the intestinal parts of the victim domestic animals can be easily explained by this migratory model. Foods rich in fats and lipids like the #intestinal_organs help the attaking animals to keep themselves warm than the flesh. Also the footprints of the attacking animals in the case history of the attacks are of the existing animals. This is more like migration of the birds from Siberia to Loktak lake during winter. The fishes in the Loktak lake would be talking the same thing during winter that the are being attacked by mysterious species as we are taking about. Also, cold increases with altitude. That is hilly regions are colder than the valley region. Temperature drops down first in the hills as the sun sets in the evening and temperature rises first in the morning as the sun rises. Also, this year’s winters in manipur state has seen the maximum temperature drop than the earlier winter years. The extreme temperature drop can also cause behavioural_changes of the animals even domestic ones. Thus, it is naturally favourable in this winter for the hilly wild animals to come down to the relatively warmer valley area to keep themselves warm in the night time where the tepearaure excursion is at peak and then go back to the hilly area again to the #favourable _temperature during day time and of course for their safety. On the onward and return journey, they need food to ease their hunger and to keep themselves warm. Attack can happen in various areas in short span which is also observed from the existing cases. Thus, migratory model of existing wild animals can explain most of the cases happening in this attack presently happening. However, this model cannot explain about emergency of any new species like aliens like Chupacabra. Thus, alien model comes into picture.
In the mystery or  Allien_model, there is a mysterious Animal species like Chupacabra and operation is being out by him or her. Existence of such animal is also reported in other regions of the world and there is a chance that it could have come from neighbouring country like Burma. The description as narrated by eyewitnesses who have seen the animal in darkness nearly matches to this animal. Also, reported events elsewhere also attract our mind to this kind of creature. Nevertheless, nobody tries to capture a photo of the creature specifically by those people particularly lilong event.
Thus, what prevention or precaution are required. Try to take a photo of the creature. CCTV footage will help to solve the problem. We must stay alert for our safety whatever it is. We can plan for an event and install the night_vision_CCTV can capture the entire episode. Otherwise, wait for the recession of the cold winter season and onset of the warmer summer season will naturally diminish the problem. Build the forestry and natural ecosystem of wild animals and don’t disturb their home. Whatever it is either a wild animal or mysterious animal, please #do_not_kill the creature rather try to capture_using_nightVision_CCTV what_is_the_truth

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One KYKL arrested

IT News
Imphal, Dec 2,

A team of CDO Moreh led by DSP/CDO Moreh Thomas Thokchom along with OC/CDO Moreh N Jatishwar Singh, under the command of Addl SP Robinsun Khamnam and supervision of SP/ Tengnoupal            Dr. S  Ibomcha Singh  arrested a cadre of banned organization KYKL from the area around Nongpok Panthoibi temple, Moreh at around 1030 am today . The arrested person is identified as Longjam Kala(33) @ Soman s/o Longjam Khomei of Yumnam Huidrom, Maning Sorok, Imphal west. His rank is Sergeant Major with Army no.33. He joined the organization on June 2002 and recieved basic training( 15th batch) at Khoupum camp of KYKL at Noney district for around 3 months. He revealed that he joined KYKL through one (L) Sanathoi who was also residing at  Yumnam Huidrom at that tome. He is currently based at Hanseng in Tamu(Myanmar).

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Emerging manifestation of armed violence and nationalism as reflected in Manipuri literature

By : H. Ibotombi Khuman

The states comprising Northeastern region of India are inhabited by people who share similar physical attribute and speak different language. In early precolonial history, they are all self-determined people and have resided in self-governed territories. After colonization by the British, Naga Hills, Lushai Hills and Khasi Hills were created as a district within the state of Assam. Manipur had existed as an independent Asiatic sovereign. Manipur became a ‘British Protectorate’ following her defeat in Anglo-Manipuri War of 1891. Manipur became independent following the lapse of British Paramountcy on the intervening night of 14 August 1947 [N. Sanajaoba, 1997:  8]. 
Under Manipur Constitution Act, 1947, elections were held for 52 Assembly Constituencies (ACs) in the month of June and July, and for Mao AC where election could not be held, it was represented by a nominated member. On 21st September of the same year, all the members took oath of office and the assembly was inaugurated by the titular king of Manipur, His Highness, Maharaja Bodhchandra. The Merger Agreement of Manipur to India was signed between Maharaja of Manipur and Government of India on 21 September 1949. It came into effect on 15 October 1949. Following Merger, Manipur became a Part C State of India. Manipur then had to go through a status of territorial Council and afterwards the Union Territory before attaining statehood. It was only in the year 1972, Manipur was granted a full-fledged statehood. 
In the year 1953, Manipur National Union under the leadership of Sagolsem Indramni, in a mammoth gathering attended by thousands, at Pologround declared that Manipur should be a ‘Buffer State’. For declaring so, he was and put into prison. In the year 1954, Praja Socialist party, also launched the agitation for demanding responsible government in Manipur [Ibid., 10]. Many organisations and political parties also launched an intense agitation demanding the installation of full-fledged assembly [Ibid.]. There was also a prolonged movement for demanding statehood by the Manipur State Demand Coordinating Committee. In the case of erstwhile Naga Hills and Lushai Hills, with the rising armed violence by the Naga National Council (NNC) and the Mizo National Front (MNF), two new states, Nagaland (1963) and Mizoram (1987) was created to appease and pacify the rising armed insurrection. 
In the case of Manipur, Manipur was granted statehood after the emergence of Meitei State Committee which was founded in 1960 and remained active till 1969, and United National liberation Front (UNLF) which is still a force to reckon with since its inception in 1964, and Revolutionary Government of Manipur founded in 1968.  Thus, history is a witness that without resorting to armed violence, likelihood of getting regional aspirations fulfilled through democratic means is remote and almost ruled out.
Manipur’s unrepresented ‘Fourth World State’ armed liberation movement’ which continued uninterrupted from the last decade of the Twentieth Century to the present Twenty-First Century had started to gain recognition in the international arena. This important phase in the history had also started reflecting in Manipuri literature. 
Non-State Armed Insurgent Groups in Manipur: Profile and History
Manipur has a more than 2000 years old recorded and documented history. Its existence as an independent East Asiatic sovereign power and the precursor effort for the regaining of its lost political status through armed revolution was made by Hijam Irabot   by founding ‘Manipur Communist Party’ and ‘Armed Red Guard’ in 1948 and continued the movement till 1951. An assembly constituted by the duly and democratic elected government had by taking a resolution denounced the Merger Agreement signed between the Government of India and Maharaja Bodhchandra on 21 September which came into effect on 15 October 1949 as null and void. 
Accordingly the resolution of denouncing the Merger Agreement was let known to the Dominion Government of India by sending a signed statement.
Subsequent to it, in the year 1960, Meetei /Meitei State Committee under the leadership of Wangkheirakpam Tomba actively carried out violent armed struggle till the time their President, Secretary and other leaders got arrested and imprisoned in 1967 and accordingly waned down [ Ibid., 11].
On 24 November 1964, the United National liberation Front (UNLF) was founded under the leadership of Arambam Samarendra and started the revolution struggle. After assuming the charge of leadership by Sanayaima aka Meghen, the movement of UNLF gained prominence and became more and more in the limelight. As of now, Sanayaima aka Meghen was arrested by the security forces from Bangladesh and after handing him over to India, the National Investigation Agency (NIA) had prosecuted him and accordingly imprisoned by awarding 10 years imprisonment. At present, UNLF is under the leadership of Mr. Pambei. UNLF, as a constituent member of Co-ordination Committee, a conglomeration of Underground groups of Manipur, better known by its acronym CorCom, have been relentlessly engaged in a joint revolutionary struggle under the banner of CorCom.
Some of those who wanted to accelerate the pace of the revolutionary movement deserted the UNLF and join the Consolidation Committee Manipur (ConsoCom) under the leadership of Oinam Sudhir [Hanjabam, 2011: 102]. ConsoCom, started the ‘Manipur liberation struggle’ by forming a Government in Exile in the year 1968. The activity of this revolutionary group continued till 1972 but after most of its leaders got arrested in Tripura and Manipur, and imprisoned accordingly, it no longer continued.
Sequel to it, on 9 October 1977, a People’s Revolutionary Party of Kangleipak (PREPAK) was founded by RK Loyataba aka Tullachandra. The party launched the armed Self-determination movement of Manipur with a hoisting of flag. The founding leader, Tullachandra, was killed in an encounter with the Manipur Rifle’s security personnel at Kabow Wakching on 12 November 1985. At present, the party is led by Sathi aka Heera. This party, also, as a constituent coordination member of CorCoM, is actively engaged in joint armed struggle.  
PREPAK – Progressive, another faction from PREPAK, under the leadership of Longjam Suresh aka Paliba has also been very active and still continuing the armed struggle as constituent coordinating member of CorCom. 
On 25 September 1978, People’s Liberation Army (PLA) under the leadership of Nameirakpam Bisheswar was founded. In the subsequent year, on 25 February, 1979, its political wing, Revolutionary People’s Front (RPF) was set up. RPF claimed itself as conforming to the United Nations’ Indigenous People’s Charters in their sustained armed struggle for right to national self-determination for the complete decolonization of Manipur representing the Meitei and the Meitei cognates viz, the Nagas, the Kuki-Chins from the present ‘colonial administering power of India which has occupied Manipur, since 15 October, 1949 till today. At present, RPF is taking a big role in the joint struggle as Coordination member of CorCom [Ibid., 104].
Kanglei Yawol Kanna Lup (KYKL), another potent armed revolutionary group was formed on 24 April 1994 under the leadership of Namoijam Oken and Achou Toijamba, by those who parted from UNLF owing to differences in the ideology and style of working. The party also had been carrying out sustained armed struggle for the stated cause of liberating Manipur and regaining her lost independence without retreat. After the demise of Achou Toijamba, KYKL, under the leadership of Namoijam Oken had tied up and joined hands with Kangleipak Communist Party – Noyon (KCP–N). Both the two parties have earlier been constitutent members of the conglomerate groups, Revolutionary Joint Committee (RJC), Manipur People’s Liberation Front (MPLF), and CorCom. At present, both the parties have joined hands with the National Socialist Council of Nagaland-Khaplang (NSCN-K) and continue with the armed uprising.
Narratives by the Non-State Armed Insurgent Groups in Manipur
As per the press release and handouts issued by the armed revolutionary groups to media from time to time, it consistently maintained that they are not separatists, but they are waging armed movement for the regaining of lost independence and lost sovereignty of Manipur, which led to conflict situation between two nations. The issue of armed conflict cannot be solved militarilyIt should be solved with the involvement of credible and impartial third party mediator, like the United Nations’ Organisation (UNO). The issue cannot be taken lightly as simply a ‘law and order’ problem. It is worth mentioning for knowing together that, the Merger Agreement of Manipurto India, 1949 was signed under duress and coercion. It, therefore, cannot be a valid legal document and should be taken as a clear case of annexation. 
The lucid example of it is the telegraphed letter on 18 September 1949 by Shri Prakasha to Sardar Patel proving beyond doubt that Maharaja Bodhchandra was kept in house arrest before the signing of merger Agreement. The Maharaja who signed the agreement was only a nominal and titular head and the Government of India was represented by the Dominion Government. So, there arises the logical question of whether the Dominion Government can represent the GoI in signing the said agreement.
In the book, ‘Annexation of Manipur 1949’, it was very categorically mentioned that Manipur was annexed at gunpoint. The National Convention on Merger Issue (28-29 October 1993) held at Gandhi Memorial Hall, Imphal after two days deliberations and threadbare discussions, considered the socio-political process and the constitutional-legal process that prevailed at the time when Manipur State Constitution Act, 1947 was in operation and popular responsible government with an elected people’s legislative assembly was constitutionally functioning prior to the signing of Manipur Merger Agreement on 21 September 1949 in between Manipur’s constitutional figurehead, the Maharaja and the representative of the Dominion of India. In its concluding day, it took the resolution jointly signed by Gangmumei Kamei (Eminent Historian), Dr. N. Ibobi (First Ph.D of Political Science in Manipur), Dr. N. Sanajaoba (Faculty of Law, Gauhati University), resolving that the Manipur Merger Agreement signed by and between the Maharaja of Manipur and the representative of the Dominion of the Government of on the 21st September 1949 did not have any legality and constitutional validity.
In the case of Sikkim, a plebiscite was conducted on 16th May, 1975 at a time Sikkim merged to India. But in the case of Manipur when it merged to India, it not only bypassed the people but also the duly democratically elected Manipur legislative Assembly. Even the decisions taken by the assembly were not honoured. The armed struggle of Manipur launched to regain its pre-merger status had been continuing for more than 60 long years. Considering it, the ‘Fourth World’1 Status of Manipur should be acknowledged and be given due formal recognition. Why because, Manipur was an Asiatic sovereign quite before the Anglo-Manipuri War of 1891. 
The Treaty of Yandaboo signed in 1826 recognised Manipur as an independent country. In the year 1865, British Government prosecuted one Keifa Singh at Cachar for having committed an offence against the Manipur Raja. This case furnishes evidence of the fact that the British Government in prosecuting, and English Courts in convicting the prisoners have dealt with Manipur as an Asiatic sovereign power [N. Sanajaoba, 1998: 428]. 
When Jammu and Kashmir merged to India in 1949, the Constituent Assembly of India incorporated Article 370 which gives special autonomous status to Jammu and Kashmir under part XXI of the Indian Constitution. In the case of Manipur, one Guha from Tripura represented Manipur in the Constituent Assembly of India and have said nothing about the Constitutional protection that will ensure the legacy of continuing tradition of self-governance in the eventuality or any likelihood of Manipur becoming an integral part of India. While signing the Merger Agreement of Manipur to India, apart from appeasing Maharaja by giving some personal entitlements and privy benefits, nothing substantial was talked and discussed about the future political fate of Manipur. Consequently, when Manipur merged to India, Manipur became its integral part with a very low political status as a Part C State.2

The history of Kangleipak Manipur stands as solid testimony to the utmost concern for the native soil and the selfless sacrifice displayed by our brave fore-fathers. In its foregone days, Manipur had experienced many tumultuous times past including the ‘Seven Years devastation (1719-26) following Burmese Aggression and Anglo-Manipuri war of 1891. In both the occasions, our forefathers, in order to protect the freedom of the land have sacrificed and shed their sweat and blood at the cost of their life without any concern for personal safety. However, in the case of merger of Manipur to India in 1949, Manipur was annexed without any bloodshed by deceit and treachery due to the involvement of local collaborators. Today’s generation cannot just remain mute for the treacherous and deceitful event of merger merely by just repenting. So for the posterity to come, it is duty-bound for them that they are conscientiously waging the armed uprising to restore and regain the lost sovereignty and independence of Manipur.
Manipur is a pluralistic society inhabited by about 40 different communities. Owing to their common physical traits and appearances, and common genesis, and with many cases of inter-marriage, they all have been harmoniously livingin peaceful co-existence. But unfortunately, in the recent trend, there have been an upsurge of preference of exclusive ethnic identity overriding the collective pluralistic identity. Assertions for exclusive ethnic homeland by the Kukis and the Nagas have started threatening the holistic and pluralistic identity and integrity of Manipur. It is, in fact very timely, that Government had entered into some sort of peace arrangement with armed insurgent groups, either in the form of Suspension of Operation (SoO) or some other. Let it speedily arrived at solution and restore peace to the society and state of Manipur. 
Armed Forces Special powers Act (AFSPA), 1958, was imposed in the Northeastern states of India to contain and suppress the armed insurgent uprising arising out of the discontentment and wrongs that happened in India’s post-independence. It led to rampant human rights violation in the form of combing operation, atrocities, human degradation, extra-judicial killing, physical disappearance, custodial death, molestation, rape, fake encounter killing, massacre, village collective fine etc. In the year 2004, Thangjam Manaroma, after being arrested from her home, was raped in custody and brutally murdered and later found her bullet-ridden body abandoned in a field. It led to intense protest. Consequently cases of human rights violation were to some extent scaled down. The Supreme Court also intervened by obliging the army headquarters to issue “List of Dos and Don’ts while acting under the AFSPA, 1958". But not only the common people, even the Ministers have suffered due to non-compliance to dos and don’ts by the Armed Force personnel who are here in the state of Manipur to aid and assist the civil authority.
So many intense agitations, conventions, sit-in-protest, so far held and organized, alongside with submission of many representations and memorandums to the competent authority have been done to repeal the AFSPA, 1958. Irom Sharmila had also completed her 16 years fasting demanding the repeal of AFSPA. All these efforts proved futile bearing no consequence. However, AFSPA, 1958 was lifted from the seven assembly segments of Imphal Municipal area following the removing of ‘disturbed area’ tag from the said area. Following people’s demand, the Ministry of Home Affairs, GoI instituted theJeevan Reddy Commission to review the AFSPA, 1958. The committee recommended to either amend the provisions of the act to bring them in consonance of the government towards protection of human rights, or to replace the act by a more humane act. But nonetheless, with the armed forces insisting for continuing AFSPA, 1958, nothing happened as the government had maintained stoic silence. On the other hand, instead of AFSPA, 1958 containing insurgency, more and more mushrooming and proliferating of armed insurgent groups had been witnessing in post AFSPA, 1958 Manipur and Northeast. 
Manipur came under British colonialism following the defeat of Manipur in the Anglo-British War of 1891. During the long period of British rule in Manipur from 1891 to 1947, the administration in the hills of Manipur was done directly by the British. 
The British administrators at the threshold of leaving formulated the Manipur Constitution Act, 1947 and the Manipur Hill Areas Regulation Act, 1947 with the objective of putting it to practice after their departure. Because of that legacy, when Manipur attained statehood, the State Legislative Assembly existed alongside with Hill Areas Committee. As its outcome, the colonial practice of divide and rule policy continued with the implementation of respective dual system of administration for the hills and the plains. For instance, Panchayati Raj in the valley, district council in the hills, Patta system in valley and house tax in hills for land revenue and settlement, allowing of people from any communities to settle in the valley areas while prohibiting non-tribes from settling in hill areas, etc. In the light of such continuing colonial legacy of divide and rule, we need to realize to remain united as one against such adversary forces that attempt to divide us. Any force on earth will not able to divide the brethren communities in Manipur who belonged to the same racial stock having similar physical features, sharing the fraternal bond with a long tradition of inter-marriage. In this age of globalised world with development reaching its zenith, northeast seems still in the grip of under-development. In fact, development is found lagging in all fronts as infrastructure is found wanting. Many smaller communities are in a fear of becoming extinct or getting submerged by the larger community. As they remain unrepresented in the decision-making bodies, they don’t have any means to raise their grievance. If the existing system continues, these people belonging to smaller community will not be able to have their representation even after thousands of years. Addressing it requires commissioning a bicameral system having legislative council with representations from all the brethren native communities irrespective of the population size. By doing so, there will be peaceful co-existence and future generations will benefit from it in the form of even development, mutual empathy which in turn would ultimately result to unity and oneness. (Concluded)

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Union Home Minister inaugurated Hornbill festival

Kohima , Dec. 2

Addressing the inaugural function of the festival, the Union Minister said that  the annual Hornbill Festival is one the spectacular event showcasing the rich ancient culture and civilization of the people of Nagaland. It powerfully demonstrates the cultural diversity and civilizational unity of the people.  How each tribe is proudly unique their cultural richness and yet there is an overwhelming sense of unity among all.  This spectacular   demonstration of unity in diversity in what India is all about.  At the Hornbill festival I get a glimpse of the Indian spirit of happy peaceful co-existence of the multiplicities. He also mentioned his visit  to the Hornbill Festival last year and was so overwhelmed with the celebration that he was compelled to attend this festival again this year also. Expressing his gratitude to the Government of Nagaland for expanding similar festivals to other parts of the State where Mini Hornbill festivals are celebrated from time to time.  It will vastly enhance the popular participation in it and enlarge the arc of happiness. Home Minister Rajnath Singh also thank the State Government for this initiating like such events in other parts of India including the national capital. That will help the countrymen to understand the cultural richness of the Nagas. Folk songs and dances are essential ingredients of the traditional Naga culture. Oral tradition is kept alive through songs and folk tales and very often, romantic and historical themes are sung and stories of famous ancestors told.  Seasonal songs, which describe various activities done in a particular agricultural season and war dances are also an intrinsic art form in Nagaland
Home minister said it is a festival that offers unique opportunity not only to the different tribes of the State to interact with each other and exhibit their cultural heritage but also with those from the neighbouring and other States in the true spirit of “Ek Bharat, Shrestha Bharat”.  Given the rich cultural heritage of Nagaland, Government of India has rightly established the North Eastern Zonal Cultural Centre at Dimapur, Nagaland.  The North Eastern Council (NEC) has also funded the infrastructure for the Margaret Shishak School of Music at Patkai Christian College, Dimapur. You all will be happy to learn that NEC is building a North Eastern Cultural and Information Centre in Delhi. The proposed centre would showcase rich history, culture, heritage and cuisine of the eight States in the North East.  It will also establish facilities for promotion of tourism, a Common Facility Centre, Library, Knowledge and Resource Centre in the National Capital.  This Centre would facilitate dissemination of knowledge about the rich cultural heritage of the North East. He also mentioned the importance of how the powerful forces of modern technology, economy and trade are shaping the new world and the new world order.  Old templates of geo-politics are crumbling to the emerging new and somewhat uncertain templates of geo-economics largely driven by modern technologies.  Even the old political ideas and beliefs are being given new meaning by these forces of change. The Hon’ble Home Ministersaid that  the forces of change are inevitable and will not wait for anyone. We have to be prepared for it.  If we are prepared for it, we will shape the future according to our wish. If we are not prepared for it, we will be shaped by these forces, may be even against our wish.  The challenge of the day is to grasp and master these forces. India is geared to grasp and master these forces. The main driver of this is our youth. Our challenge is to make them capable enough to be the master of our better tomorrow.  Nearly half the Indian population is young. Similar is the demographic profile of Nagaland. While we are all rightly proud of our rich and glorious past, we also have to create conditions conducive for our rich future.  Nearly 50% of Nagaland population is below 25 years. It is they who will shape the future of India including the future of Nagaland.  We have to create conditions where their creative and entrepreneurial potential is unleashed to the optimum.
Expressing his happiness  that Nagaland State is going to get its first Medical College under Ministry of Health and Family Welfare with a sanctioned ¹ 300 crores for the purposed. NEC has also funded setting of a North East Regional Multi Disciplinary Paramedical Institute, Dimapur at a cost of ¹ 4981.31 lakhs. Besides, over the years Government of India has executed a large number of other projects in Nagaland leading her to the path of faster and all-round development.While we must celebrate the past at the Hornbill, we should also celebrate the present and the future with several festivals of skills and creativity of our youth. Nagaland is geographically located at a vantage point.  It is the gateway to the South-East Asia. North-East is the pivot of our Government’s ‘Act East’ policy.  Today, we are at the best of relations with our neighbour Myanmar. On the bedrock of our shared cultural and civilizational linkages with Myanmar, we have also a large spectrum of shared interests.  Government of India is determined to build and improve our connectivity and engagement with South-East Asia.  Today, India and ASEAN are partners in growth. The story of this growth will be written by our youths of the North-East region. Central government has opened a bright new chapter in the growth story of North-East region.  It is heartening to know that development of a four-lane road, the main artery from Dimapur to the State Capital Kohima, which was promised by the then Prime Minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee ji, is in full swing and it will be completed soon. With remarkable restoration of peace, North-East is emerging as a favoured destination of businesses and tourists.  I am happy to know that the police and the tourism department of Nagaland Government have started the Tourist Police. I am sure it will help lift Nagaland to another level where visitors from outside will go back with a lot of happy stories of the state and the region.
 Mr Singh futher said, for the last few years, India is making faster progress in all socio-economic sectors and the country has emerged as the fastest growing major economy in the world with the current ranking being sixth.  We are expected to be one of the top three economic powers of the world in next 10-15 years.  India has recently overtaken the economy of France and is soon expecting to exceed the GDP of United Kingdom.  Government of India has taken various initiatives to further accelerate the economic growth.  Steps are also being taken for speeding development of North-Eastern Region, including Nagaland.  We believe that nation can prosper only when all the States develop at a faster pace.Nagaland has suffered for a long time.  On the 56th Anniversary of the State, I call upon all my friends of this State to take long strides for the rapid economic growth of the country as well as that of Nagaland and make all of us proud Indians to be contributors in making India a world power.As we celebrate Christmas in a few weeks and march on to the New Year 2019, I wish it brings lasting peace as well as an opportunity to let the past behind and look forward for a brighter future that would help all young Naga boys and girls realize their aspirations of a better life.

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Th. Radheshyam attends the 11th International Tourism Conference in Italy

Imphal, Dec. 2

Education, Labour & Employment Minister Thokchom Radheshyam attended the 11th International Tourism Conference on “Innovations & Opportunities in Global Tourism” in Palermo, (Sicily), Italy as a Special Guest. The conference yesterday which began on November 28, 2018. The conference was jointly organized by the Indian Tourism and Hospitality Congress & UET, Italy.
Speaking at the conference Th. Radheshyam spoke on the cultural and educational tourism with special emphasis on Manipur. He said Manipur has a huge potential of tourism which has not been explored to its full potential. The Minister expressed his desire to develop the State into one of the most important tourist destination which will enhance the socio-economic development of the State.
The Minister stated that one of the basic aims of the conference was to understand the importance of tourism and hospitality education and to necessitate human resource development through formal education and skill-building. He said that tourism being one of the major aspects, the State Government introduced tourism as one of the disciplines under the Vocationalisation of Higher Education under Rashtriya Uchchatar Shiksha Abhiyan (RUSA). Under this scheme 12 trades in collaboration with 14 Industrial partners have also been introduced in 29 Government colleges and 11 Government-aided colleges of the state, he added.
About the conference, it may be mentioned that the conference will provide key knowledge in various fields of tourism industry. The conference also discussed on issues related with sustainability development, marketing and branding, contemporary practices and promotes human resource development.
During the visit the Minister also met the President of the Sicilian Parliament, Mr. Gianfranco Micciché and his Cabinet Minister, the Mayor of Cefalù - the oldest city of Sicily, the Vice Chancellors of University of Palermo and Pegaso. The conference was attended by Experts, Educators and officials of Institutions.

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AR conducts awareness drive on world AIDS day

IT News
Imphal, Dec. 2 

On the occasion of World AIDS Day on 01 December 2018, Mantripukhri Battalion of 9 Sector Assam Rifles under the aegis of IGAR (South) conducted an insightful awareness drive on HIV AIDS at Leishamba Mahikol School. 
The awareness drive included a lecture on HIV AIDS followed by discussion which was attended by over 100 boarding students and teachers of the school. The students were informed on various causes and symptoms of AIDS and preventive measures that need to be taken to check the ailment. The students were also sensitised that AIDS is not a social stigma and does not spread by just touching. The AIDS affected persons need to be provided due human compassion and medical attention to overcome the mental stress due to the disease. 
The students and teachers expressed their appreciation towards the Assam Rifles for having organised an intuitive awareness drive on such a sensitive issue of AIDS and betterment of the entire society.

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