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Rinku Khumukcham

Rinku Khumukcham

Rinku Khumukcham, Editor of Imphal Times has more than 15+ years in the field of Journalism. A seasoned editor, was a former editor of ISTV News. He resides in Keishamthong Elangbam Leikai, with his wife and parents. Rinku can be contacted at [email protected] 

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UCM urges to disclose action taken report on the existing NSCN-IM camp in Manipur

IT News

Imphal, May 18:

The United Committee Manipur (UCM) has urged the Chief Minister of Manipur to disclose the action taken report to the presence of NSCN (IM) camps in Senapati and Chandel districts of Manipur.

A memorandum in the connection has been submitted today. The memorandum stated that some prominent former leaders of the United Naga Council in openly extending ceremoniously designed relief aids to the two well established camps of the NSCN (IM) in Manipur at Huthrong Brigade camp in Senapati and Ashiho Chaomi Battalion in Chandel District on May 8 and 13 as per reported to Eastmojo web portal.

It further said that the incident have definitely proven the unrestrained and open operation of the cadres of the NSCN(IM) inside the territory of Manipur  and added that such operation contradict the declaration of the late Prime minister of India Atal Bihari Vajpayee  on the 27th of July 2001 that the Ceasefire Agreement between the Government of India and NSCN (IM) was not extended to Manipur .

“Such act of the UNC leaders insults the martyrs of the Great June Uprising of 2001 and provoke the sentiments of the peace loving people of Manipur . The  people and UCM are now suspecting if the Government of India and our own state Government are betraying us. Both the Government of India and the state Government  has time and again stated that there wasn’t  any presence of NSCN-IM camps and cadres in Manipur .It was promised on several occasions that if NSCN-IM cadres are found operating in Manipur they would be dealt  with according to the laws of the land”, the memorandum added. 

The memorandum further said that on February 25, 2017 at Imphal public meeting for state legislative assembly election PM Modi expressed that the centre peace talk with the NSCN-IM will not hurt the interest of Manipur. There  is not a single word in the Naga Accord that is detrimental to the interest of Manipur and its people.

January 4,2019 on the Lok Sabha election PM Modi express that framework agreement will not hurt the sentiment of the Manipuri people.

And on April 7  4, 2019 Lok Sabha election PM Modi expressed that Framework Agreement will not affect territorial integrity and the administrative integrity or cultural integrity of Manipur .

The UCM further said that any solution of the angst and vexed Naga issue must not be at the cost of the existing collecting socio political, economy and cultural of the state.

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Rebels of the WESEA region were released in view of the COVID-19 pandemic – RPF

IT News

Imphal, May 18:

When Indian authority credited National Security Advisor Ajit Doval for the release of the 22 rebel cadres by Myanmar authority on May 15 and terming the handing over them to Indian authority as a symbol of strengthening the intelligent network between India and Myanmar, proscribed group Revolutionary People’s Front (RPF) said that the release of the prisoners was normal procedure of the Myanmar government that has been following as tradition every year in connection with the new year of Myanmar that falls in April. A statement by Publicity Secretary Roben Khuman said that Myanmar government released more number of prisoners this year in order to allow the prisoners in fighting the COVID-19 pandemic along with their family members. 

“The 22 revolutionary armies were handed over to India by the Myanmar government to allow them fighting the COVID-19 pandemic along with their families”, the RPF statement said. 

The statement said that such decision of the Myanmar government is welcome by the RPF. The statement further appealed the India government to follow the decision of the Myanmar government by releasing the prisoners and allow them to fight the COVID-19 pandemic with their families.

Myanmar is also a country that is fighting to contain the spread of the COVID-19 pandemic however the country unlike India, had never assaulted the people for violation of the lockdown. When people across the globe are fighting the COVID-19 pandemic together, people are facing racial slur and migrant workers are left with no choice but to work 1000s km to reach their home. While doing so, many have died either due to exhaustion or accident. Due to lack of proper policy the virus is spreading to more people.

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‘Dear mind and body, let the soul tell our stories’

By : Marjing Mayanglambam

The day when you were born, I felt really happy for a new life was ahead of us. But you cried a lot, and it seemed very confusing, why Cry when you have just met our lovely parents? Well, it seemed that, Mind was still with the creator, and Body, with me. Looking after you was my sole duty, until Mind settles down with both of us. The day you gained the ability to see, it made me surprised and I felt the world through your sights. The day you said your first word “mama”, and our mom cried and laughed so hard, we both could feel it, right? Ah! Life was good back then, when we enjoyed a lot, you, crying when hungry, puking at mom’s lap, pooping at grandma’s bed, making silly faces at Dad’s silly baby expressions.
That day, do you remember the first moment you gained consciousness of our surroundings and when dear Mind came to us? That was when I felt so alone, and very down, for you and Mind bonded so fast, and ignored me most of the time. Nevertheless, being a part of you, I tried to participate and enjoy our, uh… well, I guess, yours and Mind’s life very much. The day you went to school and cried a lot because you were bullied, that day one of our closest friend betrayed us, that day our parents forgot our birthday due to their busy schedules and life tasks, that darkest day of our life when one of our relatives abused us sexually, that day our teacher made harsh comments on us in front of everyone, that day our lovely pet dog was kidnapped and killed, that thunderstruck day our dearest Grandma suddenly passed away when we were out stationed, that day we failed in an examination and our parents, teachers, friends were disappointed with us very much, that day our lover betrayed and left us for another person, those days where we were not selected at the applied jobs, that one ‘life and death situation’ day when You couldn’t grab hold anymore and tried to end our life, all those days, you, dear body always seemed to forget to look upon me, and instead, consulted with Mind,  yet, I constantly tried to console you and even wanted you to not recall all those bad memories and go on with our life without any remorse of the past, but, Mind was very intolerant and it let you to still remember those sad and bad moments even till today.
 Dear body, that day when you had to be forcefully taken to the mental health clinic, because you weren’t able to sleep or eat properly, couldn’t carry out life’s tasks normally, couldn’t focus or concentrate in studies, couldn’t meet anybody and sulked all alone in the dark corner of our room, constantly finding ways to end yourself, constantly feeling fearful, scared, and felt being looked upon by every eyes of the world, always weeping softly feeling that you were all alone in this big wide world, and unable to sought help from anyone; Did you know how much I cried in pain seeing your gloomy and feared face, which was once a smiling and happy face.
Now, during those sad and miserable days, what was Mind doing? Always supporting you to end ourselves for you felt somehow a burden to your own self and to all around us. Mind was corrupted, for it always brings up all of our past sorrowful memories, and guilts every time you felt sad, and also, even when you tried your best to make yourself happy, Mind tries to stop that bright feelings by bringing up the dark sided feelings. Finally, I admitted that we needed treatments in order to save yourself, and me too, so, it was Mind who needed the treatments and therapies the most. That Mind, ugh, why did it always resist the treatment procedures? It seemed like it was becoming a separate alien being. Why isn’t it cooperating with both of us and the therapies? Oh! Well, it seemed both of your bonding still to this day was too strong and I was unheeded.
Our parents felt ashamed of us in front of everyone, for in our society even though it is the year 2020, the knowledge of mental health and problems are very vague and seen in a very bad manner/taboo/aspect to this very day itself. Our friends started to call us ‘psycho’ for you had all those panic attacks regularly and acted weird due to the fears and anxieties. Our teachers started to treat us specially as if we were somebody totally different from the rest. The feeling of being different and abnormal made you feel even more insecure and scared that you wanted to stay all alone or even give up. I also suddenly realized, besides Mind and I, you had a separate instinctive social animal consciousness that made you function separately. This was the moment after the realization, that I pushed myself to the limits and tried to connect with you even more and strongly. You did realize that you were being played all along by Mind, and even you admitted that there was a strong and urgent need of mental support and care from someone who will understand us very clearly and dedicatedly. Our therapist, yes, they tried their best professionally, our parents, they are the ones who must play the major role in making us feel better, our friends, never give a 100% trust to any of them for they have their own lives too and it can’t be assured whether they will feel sympathetic or caring towards us, but, by the act of God, there’s always a few limited and rare individuals who’ll appear before us and provide us with many mental supports and care, regardless of their own benefits.      
“Finally, it is you, Body, I, your Soul, and Mind, the three of us who must make Ourselves feel better, happier, enjoyed, relaxed, and optimistic all the time.”

Organic farming will open ways for unemployed youths and make them sedentary amid corona virus pandemic?

By - Marina Seyie Narendra

Corona virus has paralysed normal life and restricted movements of migrant workers for atleast one year. Neither central government nor state government have sufficient resources to feed unemployed workers/youths for one year. Unemployment is the gravest and greatest challenge our society faces today. The current population of India is 1,378,367,849, based on projections of the latest United Nations data.
There are 29 states in India. Their populations range massively in size – the largest, Uttar Pradesh, holds almost 200 million people, the smallest, Sikkim, just over half a million. As per Centre for Monitoring Indian Economy, 27 million youth in the age group of 20-30 years lost their jobs in April 2020 following a nationwide lockdown to prevent the spread of Covid-19. Organic farming can be life saving for these unemployed youths in present situation because there is large scope in organic farming. India is home to 30 per cent of the total organic producers in the world, but accounts for just 2.59 per cent (1.5 million hectares) of the total organic cultivation area of 57.8 million hectares, according to the World of Organic Agriculture 2018 report. Organic farming has to be understood in detail before stepping in it. The concepts of organic agriculture were developed in the early 1900s by Sir Albert Howard, F.H. King, Rudolf Steiner. Prime Minister Narendra Modi declared Sikkim as the first organic state in the country on 19 January 2016. He also called the state a harbinger of organic farming, not only in India but around the world. Currently India ranks 33rd in terms of total land under organic cultivation and 88th in terms of the ratio of agricultural land under organic crops to total farming area. In today’s time where people are falling prey to chronic diseases easily, who would like to risk their life with the harmful pesticides and fertilizers? We should know that there is a way to rescue ourselves from these life threatening chemicals and that is Organic Farming. Organic Farming is a farming method which aims at cultivating the land and raising crops in such a way that the soil is kept alive and in good health by use of organic wastes (crop, animal and farm wastes, aquatic wastes) and other biological materials.
Government is promoting organic farming through various schemes/ programmes viz National Mission for Sustainable Agriculture (NMSA)/ Paramparagat Krishi Vikas Yojana(PKVY) , Rashtriya Krishi Vikas Yojana (RKVY), Mission for Integrated Development of Horticulture (MIDH), National Mission on Oilseeds & Oil Palm (NMOOP) Network Project on Organic Farming of Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR) and National Programme on Organic Production (NPOP) of Agricultural & Processed Food Products Export Development Authority (APEDA).
National Centre of Organic Farming is also organizing the training programmes for farmers in Saansad Adarsh Grams (SAGs) from year 2015-16. There is need to make villages of our country as organic farming hub. This will facilitate villages to promote efficient and sustainable use of natural, biological and human resources. This will also strengthen and upgrade rural food energy and livelihood security. A organic farming village/hub integrates various elements such as agriculture, horticulture, animal husbandry, soil and water conservation, entrepreneurship development, rural income improvement and ecological preservation using a cluster model approach for social economic development. It addresses crop production and other critical aspects like agri-input production, value addition, sustainable and clean energy, skill development, tourism and entrepreneurship development etc. According to many studies on employment opportunities in organic farming, organic farming requires more labour input than the conventional farming system. India which has a very large amount of labour unemployment and underemployment can generate agricultural jobs through organic farming in rural areas. In India the organic food market is approximately of Rs. 5.6 billion and is an emerging opportunity for generation of employment and income at village level. Therefore, it is pertinent to put emphasis on organic farming to generate job opportunities within states and avoid migrants of youths from one state to another state in search of jobs.
Points to dwell upon before starting an Organic Farm:-
-Learning the basics of natural and organic farming is the first step in starting an organic farm.
-The organic farm site should be near a clean water source as water is a non-negotiable resource for crop growth and health.
-The proximity of the farm to the marketplace also plays a big role in the sustainability of the farm.
-The farm’s closeness to the market allows for the easy transport and also helps in saving money in transportation of materials to the farm.
-It is extremely important to assess the site’s soil condition as well as the resources available.
-It is very important to know the type of market that a farmer is catering for. This consideration is very helpful in making the venture sustainable.
-Prepare the soil and make good compost because good soil means soil with nutrients necessary for the growth of plants.
-The process of growing a crop is a lengthy one. Organic farming takes time and it required more attention compared to conventional farming.
-There are certain techniques that need to be considered depending on the plant and farm condition.
-Regular watering is necessary for the plants to grow. Generally, plants are watered 2-3 times a day depending on their type as well as the location where they are being grown.
-Weeding is another important maintenance task.
-It is also very important to network with people who can help in selling farm products. These people also connects organic farmers to the right markets.
-Patience plays a key role because growing organic crops is a slow and tedious process. The farmer needs to be persistent and patient.
Various methods for practicing organic farming:
-Crop Diversity: Now a days a new practice has come into picture which is called Polyculture in which a variety of crops can be cultivated simultaneously just to meet the increasing demand of crops.
-Soil Management: Organic agriculture initiates the use of natural ways to increase the health of soil. It focuses on the use of bacteria that is present in animal waste which helps in making the soil nutrients more productive to enhance the soil. 
-Weed Management: Organic agriculture pressurizes on lowering the weed rather than removing it completely.
-Controlling other organisms: There are both useful and harmful organisms in the agricultural farm which affect the field. This can be done by the use of herbicides and pesticides that contain less chemicals or are natural.
-Livestock: Organic farming instigates domestic animals use to increase the sustainability of the farm.
-Genetic Modification: Genetic modification is kept away from this kind of agricultural set up because organic farming focuses on the use of natural ways and discourages engineered animals and plants.
to be continued
Various advantages of organic farming:
-Farmers can reduce their production costs because they do not need to buy expensive chemicals and fertilizers.
-Produces healthier farm products.
-It save energy and protect the environment.
-It can slow down global warming.
-Fewer residues in food.
-Animals and plants can live in the same place in a natural way. This is called biodiversity.
-Pollution of ground water will be stopped.
-Reduced exposure to Pesticides and Chemicals.
-Organic Farming Builds Healthy Soil.
-Combatting Erosion:Erosion issues are extremely serious, affecting the land, food supply, and humans.
-It supports water conservation and water health.
-Discouraging Algal Blooms:Algal blooms (HABs) result in adverse effects on the health of people and marine animals and organisms.
-Employment opportunities for youths
Challenge faced in organic farming:
-Lack of awareness on organic farming.
-Shortage of biomass.
-Marketing problem due to premium price of organic products.
-Inadequate supporting infrastructure.
-Lack of formulated policies of government.
-The certifying agencies are inadequate.
-The costs of the organic inputs are higher than inputs used in the conventional farming system.
-Lack of interest of youths in organic farming due to tedious process.
Points to overcome challenges faced in organic farming:
-Substantial financial support by governments is absolutely necessary to promote organic farming.
-Need to make organic farming an attractive proposition.
-A programme for organic agriculture must be fully supported by the full compensation both in cash and kind to the farmers in the event of the loss of production.
- Need to create platform to match supply and demand of organic products.
-Need to establish a proper links between supplier and buyer.
-A vigorous campaign to highlight the benefits of organic farming against the conventional system is essential to increase the awareness of the farmers and consumers.
-Identification of crops for cultivation on the organic farms is important.
-Short and long term loans for organic farmers with two percent interest rate for first five years and thereafter at four percent.
-Requirement of seperate colleges and agriculture University on organic farming.
-Government must offer lucrative business options for educated youths in organic farming