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Thursday, 02 January 2020 - Imphal Times

ILP gazette is not for protection of Indigenous people – MLA Joykishan

IT News

Imphal, Jan 2

Congress MLA Khumukcham Joykishan today term the ILP gazette published by the Government of Manipur as a tool to allow any outsiders in the state rather than protecting the indigenous people of the state.

Talking to reporters today morning at his Khuyathong residence, MLA Joykishan said that there is no provision to protect the indigenous people in the Inner line Permit being introduced in the state. The regulation is more like a bamboo fencing to protect deadly flood, which people expressed their happiness with the perception that water will not flood inside my house. The ILP is to permit outsiders to stay freely in the state. The guideline contains nothing that the people of the state wanted and as mentioned in the Manipur Peoples’ (Protection) Bill. In the word of BJP that said they demanded Buffalo and got Elephant. However, this elephant turns out to be another transport of the outsiders for entering the state, he added.

“There is no clause which explains which para military force or which central government employee who can enter the state. If it is any central government employee or any para military force their family can enter the state nothing like serving or posted in the state of Manipur has been mentioned. The number of active army in India is 1.4 million, number of reserved force is 11.55 million and the number of Para military force is above 20 lakhs. This means that any of them will not need ILP in entering the state”, MLA Joykishan said. 

He added that the guideline should identify Indigenous people and also the permanent residence which is not reflected in the guideline. 

“As they said since the day of inception, are they going to take the base year as December 31?  What about those outsiders staying at rent or other places who had been in the state before the commencement of the act? Will they come under the purview of the regulation or not. Confusion has been created”, Joykishan said.

The MLA challenge for a debate over the issue and urged the Chief Minister to arrange a platform within 4 pm tomorrow and said that he will prove that there is nothing to protect the indigenous people in the ILP guidelines being enforced in the state. It is nothing but fooling the people.

“Earlier we have urged the government to meaningfully implement the ILP granted by the Government of India. This government is on fear that they would not be able to fool the people in the presence of the opposition, refused to summon assembly session.  The matter could have been discussed during the last assembly session which ended on December 20”, Joykishan said. 

He however said that the introduction of ILP seems to be another plan to generate revenue as they are collecting some fees from the outsiders who enter the state and not for the protection of the indigenous people of the country.

Some people opined that there should not be base year in the ILP but ILP should have a base year. The Permanent residence mentioned in the guideline should be described on the base year. Those neighbouring states where ILP is being enforced have base year to define the Indigenous people.

Regarding NRC, Joykishan said that it is about the illegal immigrant; however ILP is for the people of the country. How can the base year be taken in NRC when it is all about illegal immigrant, Joykishan asked. 

The Congress MLA further alleged the government of Manipur to have violated the law of the state by issuing ILP to Union Minister Ram Madhav before there is state gazette.

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ILP officially implemented in Manipur; 163 took ILP pass on the first day

IT News

Imphal, Jan 2

Inner Line Permit under the Bengal Eastern Frontier Regulation 1873, implemented in the state by an order of the President of India December 11, 2019 has been officially enforced in the state of Manipur from January 1, 2020.

A tweet by Chief Minister N. Biren Singh said that a total of 163 outsiders had applied for ILP and issued pass for entering the state after verification at various check post established at Mao, Moreh, Jiribam and Airport.

“Yesterday i.e 01/01/2020 total visitors of outsider in the state who took ILP passes are as given below: Break up are- Airport – 63, Mao – 62,  Moreh  - 05 , Jiribam - 33  , ( Appl collected 330).  Thanks to all the police personal and officials for caring the state and the visitors .Needs of the hour is to perform our duties with conviction and dedication for our country and state”, The Chief Minister writes .

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Forest Minister Shyamkumar clarifies on ISFR 2019

IT News

Imphal, Jan 2,

Forest and Environment Minister Thounaojam Shyamkumar today clarified on the reported loss of 499 sq km forest cover of the State as per report published in the biennial Indian State of Forest Report (ISFR) 2019. The report was released by the Union Environment, Forest and Climate Change Minister Prakash Javadekar in New Delhi on December 30, 2019.

Addressing to the media persons at his official residential quarter at Kanglapat, Minister Shyamkumar said that the data interpretation period for Manipur in the biennial ISFR 2019 is from October 2017 to February 2018 but the status indicated in the report mainly belongs to the survey conducted in the period 2016-17.

He said that out of the total area lost, 491 sq km is in hill districts of Churachandpur, Tamenglong, Senapati, Chandel and Ukhrul. Maximum loss of forest cover is in Churachandpur with 250 sq km. He informed that Churachandpur and Tamenglong are extremely fire prone areas and the tree cover of Manipur outside forest land has reduced by 47 sq km, he added.

He said diversions of large areas under forest cover by Railways, construction of highways, roads and particularly Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojana (PMGSY) roads in hill districts have also contributed in loss of forest covers in the recent years. He said that jhum cultivation in hill districts with shortened cycles regularly contributes in loss of forest areas. He further said that in the 14th Finance Commission, no funds were provided to the Forest Department for implementation of prescription of the Working Plans and raising infrastructure.

Forest Minister Shyamkumar said that Forest Department has been giving awareness regarding the unclassed forest areas for converting them into Community Reserves as per Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972 for better protection and management. He said efforts are being made to apply Working Plan prescriptions through community involvement apart from regular destructions of poppy cultivation areas with NAB and Police and reclaim the same areas under forest cover through plantations of local plant species. He said to reduce the extraction of firewood, the department on a pilot basis linked the forestry schemes with PM’s Ujjwala Yojana for distribution of LPG connections.

He said that the department has developed online portal to prevent of smuggling of timber/forest produce and use of fake transit passes. He said that improved coordination among Forest Department, Assam Rifles and Police Department has resulted in increase of seizure and confiscation of illegal forest produces.

In the valley districts, he said that about 8 sq km is lost which could be attributed to rampant encroachment and illegal earth cutting in Imphal and Thoubal districts. He said there is a need for collaboration between Forest and Revenue Department to check whether there is any irregular and rampant land deeds (pattas) issued to the public in reserved forest areas which is a violation of laws. He said that the rampant felling for poppy cultivation by the anti-social elements in hill districts has contributed tremendously to forest cover loss.

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NEFIS demands immediate release of FCI labourers

IT News
Imphal, Jan 2

North  East  Forum  for  International Solidarity (NEFIS) expressed strong condemnation to the arrest of workers of FCI and demanded their immediate release.
Over 30 FCI workers who had been agitating against the exploitative practices in FCI by the private contractor had been arrested in early December. They have still not been released and their families have been left without any financial source, due to their arrest.
In order to highlight the unjustness of the situation, the wives of the workers had demonstrated in front of FCI building and thrown their utensils in protest. The protesting wives had said that their families had been struggling to make ends meet following the arrest of the workers. They also said that since there was no money to buy their daily needs, it was better to handover their cooking vessels instead of keeping them empty. Moreover, few days back even the children of the workers had handed over their books and bags to the Education Directorate and had appealed to the authorities to get their fathers released since their arrest was affecting their studies and their families faced a bleak future due to loss of the sole breadwinner.
NEFIS showed solidarity with the FCI workers and their families and demanded that all the workers fired from their jobs should be reinstated. It also demands that action should be taken against the exploitative contractor and his contract should be cancelled.
NEFIS said they had pledged to support the workers’ and their families’ struggle in the coming days. 

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IRDSO and IRE observes Foundation Day

IT News

Imphal, Jan 2

Integrated Rural Development Service Organisation (IRDSO) and Institute of Rural Education (IRE), Wangjing today observed 33 and 36 foundation day at the at the office complex of IRDSO at Wangjing in Thoubal district yesterday.

Convenor of the WinG (Women in Governance) Manipur Nonibala Narengbam who is also the Chief Functionary of IRDSO while speaking on the occasion said that  the year 2019 witness various women and Children related issues. In Thoubal district alone 67 cases related to women and children, Nonibala said and added that economically backward children who are gifted with various skills are being provided monetary assistant by IRDO.

Nonibala further said that all girl should get compulsory education. No matter how rich are they with education useless? The IRDO will provide monetary support to girl child who cannot bear the cost of education.

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95 per cent hike in “Airtel’s base plan; Separate recharge plan for NE

IT News
Mumbai, Jan 2

“Airtel” has gone in for a 95 per cent hike in its base plan by discontinuing earlier base recharge plan of Rs.23 for pre-paid users in all circles and has replaced it by a Rs. 45 pre-paid plan.
The new price has gone live in all circles with “Airtel” informing subscribers through a public notice. The Rs.45 pre-paid recharge will offer the same benefits as the Rs.23 pre-paid plan. The public notice states that the new Rs.45 Airtel smart recharge will offer local and STD voice calling at 2.5 paise per second, 5 paise per second for national video calls, and 50 paise per MB for data.
SMS tariff is at Rs.1 per SMS for local, Rs. 1.5 per SMS for national and Rs.5 per SMS for international messages. The validity of the new Rs.45 plan is 28 days. These are the same benefits as the Rs.23 pre-paid recharge plan that has now been discontinued.
The notice reads, “This notice is for pre-paid subscribers of “Bharti Airtel Limited” and “Bharti Hexacom Limited” (‘Airtel’) in all service areas. The existing SUK base plan is being discontinued with effect from 29 December 2019.
Further, it will be mandatory to recharge with a voucher of Rs.45 or above, every 28 days to avail services. In case of non-recharge with a voucher of Rs. 45 of above, all services will be suspended post the grace period of 15 days. After the completion of the grace period, if the subscriber fails to do a Rs.45 recharge, then the services will be suspended.
“Bharti Airtel” has also launched its 4G services in the remote Hayuliag, Anjaw district in Arunachal Pradesh, which is expected to  allow customers in 100 villages across the Hayuliang region to access 4G and HD quality (voice over LTE) (VoLTE). There will be no additional data charges for VoLTE and calls will be billed as per existing plan or pack benefits.
While it  has already launched platinum 3 G network in AP, Dimapur, Aizwal and Agartla, “Airtel” is also planning to roll out 6000 mobile sites, 3000 km optic fibre in North East including  Assam, 4 G SIMS in Assam, 2 G/3G services in Arunachal Pradesh.
 ”Airtel” has announced separate Recharge plan for the North East with price ranging from Rs. 2 to Rs. 2249. There are 408 plans across 19 pack types. Among 1 GB Per Day Plans, 1.4 GB / Day Combo 3G Data Pack is the cheapest plan priced at Rs. 149 with a validity of 20 days. Among 2 GB plus Per Day Plans, 2 GB / Day Combo 3G / 4G Data Pack is the cheapest plan, priced at Rs. 249 with a validity of 28 days.
Other offers for the North East: Among 28 Day Validity Plans, Easy Recharge has been priced at Rs. 8 with a validity of 28 days. Among 2G Data, Combo Top up 37 Promo Talktime is the cheapest priced at Rs. 52 with a validity of N.A..
Recharge plans in nutshell:  3G Data( 40 MB 3G / 4G Data Pack)-Rs. 7- validity-one day, 4G Data( 40 MB 3G / 4G Data Pack)-Rs. 7- validity-one day, 84 Day Validity Plans( Easy Recharge 32 (Roaming)-Rs. 32-validity -81 days, Airtel to Airtel( Easy Recharge 22)-Rs. 22-validity-5 days, Data (2G/3G/4G)( 40 MB 3G / 4G Data Pack)-Rs. 7-validity one day.
Full Talktime, (Rs. 220 Full Talktime Pack), Rs. 220-validity of lifetime, ISD Rate Cutter ( ISD Pack 36), Rs. 36- validity-27 days, Local Calls Rate Cutter( Easy Recharge 27)-Rs. 27- validity-3 days. Prepaid Plans( Full Talktime Pack)-Rs. 220-validity of lifetime.
Other recharge offers: Easy Recharge plan-Rs. 8-validity 28 days, Easy Recharge 32 (Roaming)-Rs. 32- validity-81 days. SMS, Easy Recharge 2 (SMS)-Rs. 2 –validity-7 days,  STD Rate Cutter, Easy Recharge 17 (STD)-Rs. 17-validity-27 days. Among Top Up, Topup - Rs. 7.47 Talktime is the cheapest plan, priced at Rs. 10 with a validity of Lifetime.

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The choice is yours Mr. Chief Minister

The year 2020 is going to be another hard times for the N.Biren Singh led Manipur government as major reshuffle is likely to be taken place due to pressure from BJP MLAs as well as those Congress MLA who had defected and joined the government. Last year saw many BJP MLAs including some BJP Ministers in revolting against the Chief Minister and demanding for his change. But by the end of the year Chief Minister N. Biren Singh managed to stay in his position. The last month of the 019 saw another revolt from the BJP MLAs, but that time it was about change of all Ministers except the Chief Minister. It might have been by circumstances that BJP MLAs demanded major reshuffle unlike the previous demand, but it is also by circumstances that N. Biren Singh could secure his position as the Chief Minister. This opportunity given by some of the BJP MLAs should be tackled with extreme seriousness by N. Biren Singh if he really wants the state to move forward.
It is open secrete that almost all the Ministers in the N. Biren Singh government acted on their will instead of consulting the Chief Minister. N. Biren Singh got less respect from his ministerial team and whatever he announced for the development of the state whether it may be the auspicious “CMHT” or the “Go to Village” he hardly gets support from the Ministers concerned for implementing it judiciously. There are hurdles seen facing by the Chief Minister in his nearly 3 years of government. (His government is completing 3 years on March this year). In team work sincerity of the captain alone is meaningless. All team members should take their respective role and perform with equal responsibility with proper understanding and cooperation. If the members fails to coordinate with their captain the team is a failed team no matter how sincere is their captain.
In 1990 FIFA World Cup final Match, Germany defeated Argentina, that time every one was talking about Diego Maradona.  Maradona was superstar and he played too good that it’s no wrong calling him the best player of that time. Nobody (in my state) was heard naming any of the German players because Maradona was too good to compare with others. Even none played like him in his team. But Germany defeated Argentina. There was no exceptional player like Maradona in German team as all played together in same spirit. In team event/game what is required is equal understanding and respect of all the players. The exceptional skill of the team captain is of no use if other players do not coordinates with his plan or strategy. Or else it will be Germany again that will win the match.
This is where the chief Minister should understand. When it comes to the Central government, they too should understand the need to give opportunity to the Chief Minister in picking up his team so that he can lead the state towards the right direction.
When there is opportunity, N. Biren Singh should not miss it. It is only 2 years left now, before election has been announced better do the needful to make the state bright.

Effects& Solutions of Stubble burning

Stubble burning is intentionally setting fire to the straw stubble that remains after grains like paddy, wheat etc. have been harvested. India is an agricultural-driven economy where 50% of the population is engaged in the cultivation of agricultural products. The production of crops such as rice, sugarcane and wheat not only feeds the country but also a major contributor to the foreign export sector. The production of millions of tons of agricultural crop every year has also increased the agricultural waste that we as a country are dealing with right now. The waste commonly known as the residue is made up of organic compounds from various organic sources like rice straw, coconut shell, sugarcane bagasse to name a few. Since the residue compiles to form a really large amount, it becomes extremely difficult for farmers to take care of the waste.

During the harvesting season, the reaping of the paddy fields generates a humongous quantity of husk which needs instant dumping. Farmers usually gather the husk and incinerate it as it is the easiest way to dispose it without leaving any trace of waste in sight. However, doing so creates serious issues that is directly linked for our environment. Research has shown that the burning of agricultural biomass residue or stubble is a major health hazard. It doesn’t just affects the organic carbon levels of the soil but also produces an uncontrollable amount of harmful smoke that causes air pollution to the immediate vicinity. A large number of toxic pollutants are emitted into our atmosphere due to open burning of the husk. These pollutants also contains harmful gases like methane, carbon monoxide, volatile organic compounds and carcinogenic polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons. These toxic gases either build a cloud of ash or formulate into smog that is formed due to the intensified amount of smoke present in the atmospheres. These harmful gases create an obstinate amount of cumulative danger that has the ability to travel thousands of kilometers, increasing the level of air pollution in the nearby cities and completely wrecking the air quality index and becoming the causes of numerous health issues. Stubble burning in Punjab and Haryana in north-west India has been cited as a major cause of air pollution in Delhi. Smoke from the burning produces a cloud of particulates visible from space and has produced toxic cloud in New- Delhi. The burning of husk or stubble more often contributes to the frequent formation of brown clouds that have an adverse effect on the local air quality, hampers atmospheric visibility and further impacting the reason for climate change. We also need to understand that the burning of paddy or stubble leads to the loss of key nutrients as nearly 50% Sulphur, 75% potassium and 25% of the nitrogen and phosphorus is lost. A study estimates that crop residue burning at Punjab and Haryana, released 149.24 million tons of Carbon dioxide (CO2), over 9 million tons of Carbon monoxide (CO), 0.25 million tons of oxides of Sulphur (SCX), 1.28 million tons of particulate matters and 0.07 million tons of black Carbon. These directly contribute to environmental pollution and are responsible for the haze in Delhi and melting of Himalayan glaciers. Burning stubble causes increased soil erosion and heat from burning it penetrate 1cm into the soil  elevating the temperature to 33.80C to 42.20C which  kills beneficial soil organisms like bacterial and fungal populations critical for a fertile soil and eventually causes lower yields. Burning of crop residue causes damage to other micro-organism present in the upper layer of the soil as well as its organic quality. Due to the loss of ‘friendly’ pests, the ‘wrath of ‘enemy’ pests has increased and as a result crops are more prone to disease. The solubility capacity of the upper layer of soil have also been reduced as intense burns induce the formation of a water repellant soil layer by forcing hydrophobic substances in litter towards through the soil profile. In dry environments, burning residues can reduce soil fertility quite quickly. Since soil organic matters holds sand, silt and clay particles into aggregates, a loss of soil organic matter results in a loss of soil structure. According to a report ,one ton stubble  burning leads to a loss of 5.5 Kgs of Nitrogen,2.3 Kgs of Phosphorus, 25 Kgs  of Potassium and more than 1 Kg of Sulphur- all soil nutrients, besides organic carbon.

          Stubble burning is a serious issue and it must be sought an immediate effect. With such agrave impact on the environment, understanding the importance of opting for potential alternatives to stubble burning is the only available solution. Providing stubble collecting machine to the farmers or offering reasonable labor to reap paddy fields in order to avoid stubble generation is the other way to control the issue. Offering temporary employment to the people in need during the harvesting time is another way to combat the situation. One great way to approach the issue is to think of alternative to deal with it. Converting stubble into energy in an innovative way to address the matter. Not only it helps in reducing the greenhouse effect but also helps to fight against the threats of global warming. Setting up biomass power plants in the villages can help meet the energy needs of the villagers. Setting up biomass fuel plants to generate fuel using paddy husk or making fodder for livestock out of the collected stubble can also serve as an important step to bring down the adverse effect of crop residues finding their way into the environment during the needless burning of crops. Another impact of alternative practices to stubble burning on the environment is the using of Happy Seeder- a machine that can sow wheat in the presence of rice straw – is a profitable for farmers and can also help the environment. The researchers found that using the Happy Seeder led a nearly 10-20% increase in farmers profit on average. Since in Happy Seeder practice reuses the crop residue in the field, the biomass improves soil moisture and could be good for the long term health of the soil. In Happy Seeder practice formulching, the machine can be mounted on a tractor and it cuts and lifts rice straw, sows wheat into the bare soil and deposit the straw over the planted area as mulch.  However , not all farmers  currently have access  to Happy Seeder equipment and  there needs to be more  available options  for renting  these machines as it is not  affordable  for everyone. Besides this, crop residues can also be effectively managed by using machines like: Rotavator; Zero till seed drill; Baler; Paddy straw chopper and reaper binder etc.

Modi seeks support of spiritual Guru in support of CAA

IT News
Mumbai, Jan 2

Prime Minister Narendra Modi stepped in to counter the  ”misinformation campaign” against the CAA/NRC/NPR  by people and groups with vested interests. He put out a tweet containing a week-old video by spiritual guru Jaggi Vasudev, popularly known as Sadhguru among his followers.
PM Modi posted the tweet with hash-tag #IndiaSupportsCAA, commenting, “Do hear this lucid explanation of aspects relating to CAA and more by @SadhguruJV. He provides historical context, brilliantly highlights our culture of brotherhood. He also calls out the misinformation by vested interest groups.”
Ironically in the video, Sadhguru holds the government accountable for protests and vandalism, though indirectly. He says in the video while responding to a question put to him by a young woman from Lucknow, that due to the lack communication from the government side “for whatever reasons”, some people “took advantage and spread misinformation” about the CAA.
Precisely at 13.35 minutes into the video, Sadhguru says, “It looks like that the government was caught napping They did not expect such a big reaction to such a simple issue.” Again at the 20.05 mark, Sadhguru can be seen saying, “In some way, I think, the government has failed to communicate this properly. Otherwise, personally I don’t see any issue on these things. But I think communication-wise, the way it was communicated, a certain number of people are perceiving at as a threat to them.”

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100 organisations plan nationwide anti-CAA stir under ‘We The People of India’

By Raju Vernekar
Mumbai, Jan. 2

Nearly 100 organisations, across the country including “Swaraj India” have decided to fight the Citizenship (Amendment) Act (CAA), National Register of Citizens and the National Population Register (NPR) from 3 January, 2020 onwards in multiple agitations.
While addressing media at the Tata Institute of Social Science (TISS) in North East Mumbai, “Swaraj India” National President Yogendra Yadav said that as of now, at least six national-level protests have been planned in January. The first protest is intended to happen on “Savitribai Phule Divas”, January 3, 2020. The next protest is “Bharat Bandh”, planned by CITU and other left-oriented organisations on January 8. The third protest is envisaged on the “Youth Day” (January 12) while the fourth one is planned on the death anniversary of “Rohith Vemula/social justice day” (January 17). Fifth and sixth protests will be held on January 26 (Republic Day) and concluding protest will be held on January 30(Mahatma Gandhi’s death anniversary).
Yadav was in Mumbai to take part in a panel discussion organized by the students union on CAA-NRC-NPR -”The confusion, the struggle and the voices”. However non-TISS students were denied entry into the campus attend the discussion.
Yadav, said in the national coordination meeting held after the discussion, saw participation from nearly100 organisations across the country during which a month-long campaign was planned, under the banner ‘We The People of India’. The organisers have been asked the protestors to hold protests under the same banner-which is also the first four words of the Indian Constitution.
Accusing the government of repressing the voice of the people in connection with the recent clampdown on the rioters by the police in different parts of the country, Yadav asserted that the protest will entail a call for a boycott of NRC, NPR and CAA by the participating organisations. He also added that a request will be made to the government to declare their intentions regarding the implementation of the NRC in a standard formalised manner.
The discussion which was held to chart the future course of action regarding anti-CAA stirs as attended by Rashtriya Seva Dal President Ganesh Devi, student leader Kanhaiya Kumar, “United Against Hate” member Umar Khalid, Kavita Krishnan, Medha Patkar and the controversial activist Harsh Mander, known for constituting skewed hate-tracker.

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