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Items filtered by date: Thursday, 01 November 2018 - Imphal Times

Media that criticize are not your enemy Mr. CM

Today is indeed an auspicious occasion for all of us working in media. Department of Information and Public Relations celebrates ‘70th Information &Public Relations Day commemorating its existence of 70 long year. Both media persons - directly serving the department as well as those working at various private media houses need to celebrate the Day. For small state like ours the DIPR is playing a pivotal role in bridging the gap between the common masses and those running the government. Even as media houses in larger states which have cosmopolitan cities may not take that important the way we in the state are considering DIPR.
The consortium of mass media runners across the world is taking a new shape with the fast changing technology. For some in the field – they consider running of a media houses is purely business matter. For some the tool is important for promotional propose – either politically or for advertorial proposes. For some exceptionals -who are in the profession, it is their passion, dedication and their ethos of pushing up the society towards the right direction. In a state like Manipur, as of now there are not many who utilize the media houses either for political propose or promotional proposes of their work. As for business propose one or two survive. In a state, where the population is around 28 lakhs people, with over 33 multi-ethnic communities speaking different dialect, even a shop runner, earning his or her daily bread understands that somewhat successfully run media houses in the state are all free from either politics or business motive individuals even though they have proprietor, reason – those proprietor too establish their media houses due to their passion for journalism. Even those tiny papers with 2 page evening newspaper, they continue to publish even at the cost of selling their properties and there is no doubt that they can be influenced by any force.  
Saying so, it is now the talk of the town that the government (present) having in-depth knowledge about the power of media, is using all means to control the media. Intimidation, friendly talks, building good rapport, are open secretes. For those in the government it is no wrong to try everything to keep control of the media houses as there are chances of misusing it by some vested interested people who wanted to sabotage the good work of the government.
This newspaper expressed opinion that fencing of the Chief Minister office and the Governor Bungalow with iron barricades with barb wire is not a good decisions. The justification about protecting from protestors trying to kick the gate will be laughing stock of the people. Those supporting the justification are toddlers who were waiting for opportunity but never bother about the fame and dignity of the Chief Minister or the government.

On the other hand existence of newspaper which directly criticized government affairs in constructive manner should not be treated the way it is dealing by the present government. One go through the writings may annoyed those who are being targeted, but twice or thrice  reading will surely make one understand the motive of such reporting or writing the news. When an English newspaper analyzed and tried to uphold the sanctity of the highest office of the state giving logical reasoning of celebrating a mere announcement of being ‘best’ or ‘third best’, the mentioned leader should think two or three times why such report are being focused. Defamation against a newspaper who tried to incite wisdom to the government in the near future will be nothing but will appear more like an immature decision by an angry young man. A systematic analysis on the news and the event by someone specialized in the matter and making the public known that “your report is wrong” will do much better. After all the DIPR has changed and is now equipped with many hard working employees under the Directorship of Heisnam Balkrishna.
One thing worth reminding is that, all persons in media loves you but when something went wrong, those who really care about you always wanted you to decide and act the right thing.
Whether we criticize you or your government, we will always stand by your side at the time of your trouble and believe us, there will be no other group who will support you more than the community you once belongs to.
On this occasion of the 70th Information and Public Relation day, Imphal Times hopes the IPR will surely take its role in making the Chief Minister of our state understand the reality by passing this write up. Nevertheless do remind him to read at least 2 or 3 times before making a decision.

Governance, State Capability and Public Services: Power reforms in Manipur

Dr. Sylvia Yambem,
ICSSR-Post Doctoral Fellow,
Department of Political Science, Manipur University.

Abstract: Public services and citizens access to public services is an important indicator of the performance of the government. It emphasizes the nature of governance particularly whether a strong capable state or a weak state. This paper attempts to study the reforms initiated in the delivery of power services, to highlight upon the capability of the government of Manipur to deliver public services and the nature of governance prevailing in the state.
State capability and public services, integral to governance
Citizen’s access to basic goods and service is an important indicator of the nature and quality of governance. Public services and the delivery of public services is a primary responsibility of the nation state, particularly a welfare state such as India. In fact, state formation and the rise of governments can be traced to the capability of the ruler to provide security, policing, and protection to its subjects. Mancur Olson thus says that governments particularly in larger groups or societies emerged not because of any divine right or through social contract or even on the basis of any voluntary transactions but “rather because of rational self-interest among those who can organize the greatest capacity for violence (1993, 568). A stationary bandit was much preferred over a roving bandit, because while the roving bandit was only interested in exacting maximum tributes a stationary bandit whilst taking only a part of the income, maintained monopoly over its kingdom by providing security, order and protection to its subjects. In modern states, this active role of the state in public services has widened from the fundamental duty of providing law and order and social justice to ensuring access to basic public goods.1  In the 21st century developmental discourse public goods and services is a fundamental right- a rightful entitlement of the citizen and the duty of the state to deliver.  For instance, Article 21A of the Constitution of India makes the provision of school education upto 14 years of age a fundamental duty of the state towards its citizens.
Citizen’s access to public services consequently indicates the performance capability of the state and the quality of governance. The concept of capability herein implies the administrative capability of the state to implement policies and programmes and its ability to perform its most basic functions such as the delivery of public services, policing, law and order, regulation, etc., inherently a trait characteristic of governance or good governance. The World Development Report defines state capability as the ability to undertake and promote collective actions efficiently (1997, 3). The OECD/DAC discussion paper on “State Delivery in Fragile Situations: Key Concepts, Findings and Lessons” refers to state capability or capacity as “having the core features that enable the state to mobilise resources for such key objectives as economic development and poverty reduction. These core features include territorial control and presence, effective exercise of political power, basic competence in economic management and sufficient administrative capacity for policy implementation (2008, 15).  Fukuyama (2009) refers to state capability as stateness or enforcement, the capability of state institutions to enforce its primary functions. State capability in its most basic understanding thus refers to the capability or incapability of state institutions, to perform its basic core necessary functions, to design policies and be able to elicit the necessary consensus and involvement to ensure the successful implementation of policies and programmes (World Bank 1997, Fukuyama 2009, Soifer and vom Hau 2012, Giraudy 2012).
State capability, as a concept however is multi-dimensional and varies not only across states, but also over the different activities of the state and importantly across time (vom Hau 2012). While traditional theorists such as Max Weber and Charles Tilly viewed state-building as the ability of the state to maintain control over its territory, exercise monopoly over the use of legitimate violence, and the ability to neutralize rivals inside its own territory, in the 21st Century developmental policy discourse state capability is the ability of state institutions to reverse the phenomena of state fragility and strengthen weak state institutions so that the state can effectively and efficiently perform its most basic functions such as law and order, public service delivery, infrastructure development etc., (Weijer 2013). Nevertheless it is manifested in the strength of the state institutions such as its ability to formulate and carry out policies and enact laws, to administer efficiently and with a minimum of bureaucracy, to control graft, corruption, and bribery, to maintain a high level of transparency and accountability in government institutions and most importantly to enforce laws, and not in the scope or even the size of the state (Fukuyama 2009). For instance, one of the most important function of the state is the delivery of public services- which is not just a technical task- but determined by the process of governance, reflecting the quality of governance particularly the nature of the state- whether strong or fragile and state capability to ensure accountability in public service delivery (Rotberg 2002, World Bank 2003, OECD-DAC 2008, Joshi 2010, Chand 2006).
The performance of states in terms of whether they are able to deliver to its citizens the most basic public services such as education, healthcare, law and order, infrastructure etc., effectively and efficiently is an important indicator of the nature of the state, and the quality of governance. For while in fragile or weak states where the state government lacks both the capacity and willingness to perform its most fundamental functions, state capability to deliver public services is poor, restricted and diminishing (OECD-DAC 2008). Thus only a capable strong state as compared to a weak state can ensure the provision of basic goods and services, and provide the rules and institutions to enforce accountability in public services (World Bank 1997).

State capability, a growing concern
State capability has become an important concern of governments around the world. Andrews, Pritchett and Woolcock (2017) employing the indictors of rule of law, bureaucratic accountability, government effectiveness, public services, and corruption1 examined the policy implementation capability level of 102 developing countries. It revealed that:
1. Only 8 of the 102 countries, such as United Arab Emirates, Bahrain, Brunei, Qatar, Singapore, Bahamas, Chile and South Korea have attained strong capability
2. 45 countries are in the middle range of state capability— neither weak nor strong. Moreover within this range state capability is variously grouped as: (a) 13 countries facing rapid deterioration in state capability, such as South Africa, Argentina, Morocco, the Philippines, Thailand, and Iran, (b) 18 countries that had negative growth in state capability, e.g. India China. Egypt and Tunisia, Brazil, Mexico, (c) 6 countries with positive state capability but very slow, progress e.g. Kazakhstan, Ghana, Ukraine, Armenia, Russia, and Botswana, and (d) 8 countries for which “business as usual” would produce high capability by the next century i.e. the “years to strong capability”, such as Indonesia (68 years), Colombia (56 years), Turkey (55 years), Algeria (55 years), Albania (42 years), Saudi Arabia (28 years), Uruguay (10 years), and Croatia (1 years).
3.  49 of the 102 countries have very weak or weak capability, and, given these low levels of current capability, the long-run pace of acquiring capability is very slow. Of this 36 countries have experienced negative growth in state capability.
4. Further 12 of the 16 largest developing countries such as China, Pakistan, Brazil, Mexico, Egypt, Vietnam, Philippines, Thailand, South Africa and India exhibited negative trends in state capability.
Declining state capability is a rising challenge in India. The Economic Survey 2016-17 writes that every city in India faces serious challenges in areas such as basic infrastructure and services like water, power supply, waste management, education, healthcare, transport, safety and pollution (2017, 303). Even metropolitan cities such as New Delhi and Mumbai are ranked at a dismal 47th and 50th positions respectively on the States of World Cities 2012/13 index. Thus the general capability of India to ensure public services is weak, as supported by the report on the WHO/UNICEF Joint Monitoring Programme on access to sanitation, which shows that as against the MDG target of 77% by 2015, India has managed to provide access to only 63% of its population.
According to Pritchett (2009, 27), a major cause of India’s poor state capability can be attributed to the inability of India’s administrative system to transition to administrative modernism- to create capable public sector organizations to carry out the range of functions required in a modern polity and economy from delivering the mail to teaching children to enforcing the law, makes India a flailing state (Pritchett 2009, 27). Consequently while India may have better track record on matters such as democracy, human rights or even strong capability at the state level- such as India has a comparatively better score of 5.4 as compared to Nepal, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh or Pakistan on the “Suspension or Arbitrary Application of the Rule of Law and Widespread Violation of Human Rights” index, however on the “Progressive Deterioration of Public Services” index India ranks worse than Sri Lanka or Nepal and only modestly better than Bangladesh and Pakistan. Therefore India’s inability to maintain sufficient control of its administrative machinery particularly its incapability to ensure the effective delivery of public services makes India a flailing state.         (To be contd....)

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70th Foundation Day IPR:- DIPR improves alot, recognise its activity and corporate too: Biswajit

IT News
Imphal, the Nov1,
The Department of Information and Public Relations (DIPR) celebrated its 70th Information and Public Relations Day, 2018 today at the DIPR Complex, Keishampat, Imphal.  
Speaking on the occasion as Chief Guest, Minister Information and Public Relations Thongam Biswajit said that the Government is trying to inform and educate its people about the welfare and development activities undertaken and enlist their participation through DIPR including far flung areas of the State. In tune with the fast changing of today’s world, DIPR is improving alot.  Not only in Imphal, Advertisements and Hoardings of Government’s Schemes, programmes are displayed to interior parts. If the advertisements of such schemes and programmes of different departments are publish through DIPR, there’s one third rate difference. It’s all in view of the people of Manipur. So, do recognise the Department’s activity. The Minister also appealed to all concerned for corporation to DIPR while rendering its activity. 
Recognising the importance of DIPR, Chief Minister has already gave approval for new recruitment of its Staff, Biswajit added.
In his Presidential speech, Director (IPR), Government of Manipur Shri H. Balkrisna Singh, MCS informed that compact building of DIPR Keishampat, Imphal will see by the end of this year or in the beginning of the coming new year.

Recalling his first job as Reporter in DIPR (way back in 1996), during that period also he heard about the construction of DIPR new office. When he joined as Director DIPR in April, 2018, after foundation stone laid in 2005, the construction of the same is still going on. Thus he starts to work everything in mission mode for a better DIPR.
DIPR is in transitional period as most of the earlier staff are already retired and 90% of the employees are newly recruited through departmental and MPSC examinations, the Director stated. Appreciating all the staff for their sincerity and honesty while discharging their duty, Balkrisna wished for a team and full functioning Department in the coming days.
Ex-Director IPR, Meghachandra Kongbam also delivered speech.
While giving welcome speech, Joint Director (IPR) W. Phajatombi Devi, MCS told that the Department of Information and Public Relations (DIPR), Manipur had its origin on November 1, 1949 right after Manipur merged to India on 15 October, 1949. The office was upgraded to a Directorate in March, 1974 by the appointment of a Director. The Directorate was expanded in 1975 with the opening of District Information Offices.
As part of today’s programme, DIPR Garden was inaugurated, online e-magazine     ” Manipur Today” was launched and October issue of  “Manipur Today” Magazine was also released. Later, in the afternoon, songs were presented by DIPR officials/staff amongst others, lighted the DIPR complex.
Retired employees/DIPR pensioners, personals of print and electronic media attended the occasion

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2nd MR celebrates 57th Raising Day

IT News
Imphal, Nov 1,

The 2nd battalion Manipur Rifles today celebrates its 57th Raising Day today.

To mark the occasion Commandant of the Battalion, P Manjit Singh MPS, visited Unit Hospital, Unit School, Family Lines and Jawan Barrack of the Battalion and interacted with the officers of the unit.
CO Manjit while wishing the senior officers, JCOs, Jawan and other stakeholders said that the battalion was established in 1962 Nov. 1 by Captain LH Harnett. He said that the battalion has been serving the state in maintaining law and order situation, providing escort for the VIPs and also in counter insurgency operation under the various outgoing commanding officers. Manjit said the battalion will continue to serve the people.
Manjit credited the success of the 2nd MR battalion to the sincerity and courage of the senior officers, jawans and the JCOs.

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“Lanthengminasi Ekhoi” released

IT News
Imphal, Nov 1,

Half yearly journal published by the rebel group ‘LANTHENGMINNASI EIKHOI’ , a revolutionary movement journal , Vol. XI, Issue No, 02 was released today.
A statement by S. Mangal, Secretary-In-Charge , Information and Publicity of Kangleipak Communist Party said that the edition contents chapter on message of the Chairman delivered on 14th foundation day of its armed wing MFL. Editorial discussed about what we should do if we are born. Other issues on mode of production of food grains and other resource of the society, class suicide and Socialist revolution of Amilcar Cabral, Economic condition and the morality of the society, Indian Colianal rule and Human Rights Violation in Kangleipak , of political and the way forward and photos. A chapter of the journal also discussed on why the demand for restoration of Pre-merger Political status of Manipur is important.

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UNLF claims Nagamapal blast but says those arrested were not related with the attack

IT News

Imphal, Nov. 1,

Rebel group United National Liberation Front (UNLF) Manipur today claimed that the October 20 Nagamapal blast which killed one CRPF and injured another was conducted by two of MPA cadres but said that the 2 arrested MPA cadre along with three other were not related with the attack.

A statement by M. Sakhen, Director, Department of Publicity UNLF, said that even as the attack was carried out by two MPA cadres of tactical unit of the UNLF, the two MPA cadres arrested by Manipur Police Khaidem Sana from Nongren maning Leikai presently residing at Nagamapal and Yumlembam Milan of Nongren Maning Leikai were not related to the attacked on the CRPF at around 5.30 pm of that day at Nagamapal.

Reacting to police statement which was published on October 30 at various newspaper, the UNLF alleged that police to be establishing a success story accusing the two cadres to be behind the bomb attack as they could not arrest the real two cadres who actually attack the convoy.

Calling on the people not to believe in the police statement, the UNLF said that the truth will be known by the police alone who are investigating the matter.

On the other hand the other three individuals arrested by the Manipur Police identified as Oinam Premjit , Oinam Ongbi Pinki and Sahab Uddin Chesaba are in no way related with the UNLF or its armed wing the MPA. About the 3 pistols allegedly recovered from their possession the UNLF said that the outfit is looking on whether the weapons were placed by the police to their residence after recovering from the two arrested UNLF cadres or how it comes to their possession.

On the condemnation from certain section of the people, the UNLF recalled the number of innocent people killed by the Indian Security Force in the name of counter insurgency. The UNLF further added that Manipur was forcibly annexed in 1949 and they will continue to fight until the lost sovereignty is being restored  .

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HSA stands tough against any attempt to shift Pherzawl dist. HQ

IT News
Imphal, Nov 1,

The Hmar Students’ Association, General Headquarter strongly object any move to shift the the District Headquaters Office of Pherzawl District from  Pherzawl  Village  to  some  other  Sub  Divisional  Headquarters.
A statement of the association said that , a reliable sources stated  that there is an attempt to shift the District Headquaters Office of Pherzawl District. The association said that  concerned  authorities  have  been  approached  by  some  vested  interest  individuals  and  Organizations  with an excuse that the required infrastructures are not available at Pherzawl Village.   
Taking the plot seriously, the Hmar Students’ Association General Hqrs, stated that the body strongly objects and condemns the intolerable initiative.

“The HSA is in the process of identifying the particular individuals or organizations and ever ready to counter the attempt tooth and nail and cautions any who try to derail the proper functioning and development of Pherzawl District office hqrs not to try it’s patience”, a statement said.
The  Student  Body  wants  to  assure  the  public  that  Pherzawl  District  is  not  meant  for  a particular  tribe.  It  is  created  for  the  benefits  of  all  living  in  the  area.  Building  necessary infrastructures  to  run  the  administration  of  the  District  is  the  responsibility  of  the  State government.  The general public and many civil society organisations had earlier made it clear that, if there is the need they would provide residential buildings to house offices until the government initiates the construction of all the infrastructural needs at Pherzawl.
It may be also noted that the office of the Deputy Commissioner as well as SDO /BDO offices has been ready since long.  
 This Student Organization invites all to approach the government in order that all necessary infrastructures may be set up immediately at Pherzawl Village for the smooth functioning of the District Office. It is to be wondered why the SDO /BDO offices are still not occupied in  spite  of  the  order  from  the  Chief  Secretary  for  immediate functioning.  The  Chief Secretary had issued an order vide order no 1/1/ 2018 - CS (Manipur) on 25th January 2018 that  while  the  government  is  reviewing  the  infrastructural  requirements  the  SDO  /BDO should be at their respective hqrs at all times to discharge their duties and that they should utilise public or private  infrastructures for the purpose. The HSA wonders why the  order has not been heeded till date.   
The HSA also appeals to the District Administration to take heed of the Pherzawl District people ‘s desire to see the offices functioning at their proper places and the staff deligently attending  offices.  The  HSA  also  calls  upon  the  State  Government  not  to  play  with  the development  of the district by  initiating  any alternative arrangements  or by entering  into any game plan to derail the development of offices in designated headquarters in Pherzawl District.  The  HSA  firmly  believes  that  it  is  much  easier  to  develope  the  existing  office headquarters at their present locations than to run office camps in other places. The HSA also vehemently opposes any game plan to shift the Pherzawl District Hqrs from Pherzawl village to any other place and calls to all sections of the people in Pherzawl District not to succumb to the petty politics that is being played by some individuals and Organizations.

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Memories of a Mayang

Dear Editor:

I am called a “mayang” but I feel I am a Manipuri & I love Manipur. Imphal is my home-town.
I have been the world over, but have never found a place so  beautiful as Manipur was in the Sixties.
I lived in Manipur for about 10 years.
In 1958, I found that the “Central Library” would lend books only to Govt. Servants.
I wrote a “Letter to the Editor” to the “Eastern Express” complaining of the above, as a result of which the library agreed to lend books to the public.
What was I doing in Manipur?   After migrating as Refugees from Pakistan after the Partition, my parents settled in Manipur.
I worked as a Lecturer in a college in Imphal for 5 years.
In the college, I had the privilege of having some wonderful friends, including:
1.     Prof. Damodar Singh, a most noble person
2.    Prof. Budharanjan, a very close and affectionate friend
3.    Prof. Th. Tombi Singh, my closest friend.
4.    Prof. Gaur Gopal, a very sweet friend
5.    Prof. S.P. Chatterjee, a most sincere friend, who remained my companion during my stay London
6.    Prof. Sanamacha Sarma - A very close friend

7.    Prof. Ibopishak, a most friendly person
8.    Prof Mani Singh - who was most helpful
9.    Prof. Khomei Singh
10.    Prof. Janab Khan
11.    Many others.
In my time, the Manipuris were the most friendly and fun-loving people.  I hope they have not changed.
Only one person was utterly cruel to me.   Let us call her Kh. J.L. of Singjemei Mathak.
She jilted me after encouraging me for several weeks.  She broke my heart.
At that time there was a Statistics Office in Sinjemei Mathak across the road from her home.  The members of that office were very, very helpful
during that most difficult time.
Some of my friends have passed away.
To all of the above who are still around, I wish every happiness and a wonderful Diwali.
I also wish a very Happy Diwali to all Manipuris.

J Kochar

Guwahati city flooded with International film personalities in the biggest film festival of Northeast India's history

IT News

Guwahati, Nov 1,

The 2nd Guwahati International Film Festival (GIFF) 2018 started with a bang from 25th October 2018 and concluded on 31st October 2018. Over 100 international films from more than 40 countries are being screened in one of the largest film festivals in India. During the festival, Guwahati city is flooded with more than 100 internationally acclaimed filmmakers, actors and film personalities from all over the world. The closing film of the festival is the multi-award winning film Black Crow (Turkey) directed by Muhammet Tayfur Aydin.

Other notable films to be screened at the festival were - Bhoga Khiriki (Assamese), In the life of music (Cambodia), Miracle (Lithuania), Comic Sans (Croatia), Ballad from Tibet (China), The man who looks like me (Estonia), The Pagan King (Latvia), etc.

Axl Hazarika, Assamese experimental music artiste, Head of Jyoti Chitraban Digital Archive and a  member of the organizing committee said, "We are overwhelmed at the response we received to Guwahati International Film Festival 2018. Nice to see such interest in international films among the common people. And, we are thankful to all our guests for making this the best film festival ever to happen in Northeast India"

The 2nd Guwahati International Film Festival 2018 is organized by Jyoti Chitraban in association with DBHRGFTI under the Department of Cultural Affairs, Government of Assam.

Some of the guests who took an active part in the delegate drives of Guwahati International Film Festival (GIFF) 2018 are - Saurav Ganguly, Ms Zanda Senkova (Latvia), Mr. Ivo Martinsons (Latvia), Maie Rossman-Lill (Estonia), Madara Dislere (Latvia), Sebastian Risso(Italy), Valerio Emilio Tranchida, Shaji N Karun, Seema Biswas, Imtiaz Ali, A Sreekar Prasad, Aribam Syam Sarma, Jahnu Barua, Argentinian Ambassador, Estonian Ambassador, Serbian Ambassador, Myanmar Ambassador, etc.


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